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Coordinates: 51°25′N 0°15′W / 51.41°N 0.25°W / 51.41; -0.25

Motspur Park
Motspur Park is located in Greater London
Motspur Park

 Motspur Park shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ225677
London borough Kingston
Merton
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEW MALDEN
Postcode district KT3
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Mitcham and Morden
Kingston and Surbiton
London Assembly South West
Merton and Wandsworth
List of places: UK • England • London

Motspur Park, also known locally as West Barnes is a suburb in South West London situated across the boundary between the London Borough of Merton and the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. It owes its identity to the railway station of the same name, which has six trains an hour to London's Waterloo, and to the adjacent parade of small shops. Two prominent gas holders, which are used to store the consumer gas supply for south west London stand just south of the shopping parade and can be seen from a wide area.

Two of London’s minor natural water courses run through the area. The Beverley Brook runs south to north through its centre and its smaller tributary the Pyl Brook runs parallel further to the east. These have in the past given rise to some local flooding.

The Motspur Park athletics stadium was built by the University of London in 1928 and achieved fame when the world mile record was set there in 1938. It was sold to Fulham Football Club as their training ground in 1999.[1]

Contents

History

The district was historically known as West Barnes and formed part of the traditional county of Surrey. It was rural right up to the end of the nineteenth century when the railway station was built. Two local lanes, West Barnes Lane and Blakes Lane, represent remnants from this rural era. The barns referred to were those at the western end of Merton Abbey's estates and were just north of West Barnes Lane's junction with the modern Crossway.

After the dissolution of the monasteries the abbey land was granted to the Gresham family , (descendants of Thomas Gresham) who were wealthy London merchants. They retained the estate for two generations, finally selling it (either in 1570 but this date has been questioned or 1612) to John Carpenter, a local farmer. The area, remained agricultural and was farmed by a number of families, probably the most well known being the Raynes who gave their name to Raynes Park. In the nineteenth century two local landowners were Charles Blake, the owner of Blue House Farm (located in the area of the modern Barnes End) and Richard Garth Lord of the Manor of Morden. Both were lawyers and Garth eventually became a judge. In 1864 they joined forces to seek to procure a Parliamentary bill for a railway line to run across their properties.

The suburban shopping parade at Motspur Park dates from the 1930s

The railway itself was constructed through the locality in 1859 but the Motspur Park station was not added until the early twentieth century.

Large mansions and farms are the only habitation shown on the 1871 map of the district[2] with no station or residential districts. The area east of the railway was part of Hobbald(e)s Farm (located at the junction of the modern Lower Morden lane and Garth Road) which was owned by Garth. The oakwood alongside the railway was planted around this time to screen it and remains today.

The land was sold and then leased to J.J. Bishop the founder of the Bishops Move removal company around 1873. In 1892 part of the estate was sold to Battersea Corporation for use as a cemetery which still remains as the Northeast Surrey Crematorium.

In 1906 a Mr and Mrs Howlett moved into 138 Seaforth Avenue. They started up a Sunday School in their house for the children in the local area. Soon adults also began to attend these meetings and before long the numbers increased so that the house was full each Sunday. They started saving for a building in which they could meet. In 1925 "West Barnes Gospel Hall" in Seaforth Avenue, then the home of New Malden Evangelical Free Church, was opened.

On the corner of Douglas Avenue and Adela Avenue the Church of England built Holy Cross Church where the first service was held in 1908. Following its destruction during the Second Wold War a new building was erected on the site - the first post-war Church to be built in Southwark Diocese. Designed by architect Ralph Covell it was dedicated for worship in 1949. (The church hall burned down in the 1980s and has since been rebuilt.) The present Anglican parish of Motspur Park was to be formed some years later in 1978 and serves all those who live or work in the area.[3]

The country's first dual carriageway of its kind, the Kingston Bypass (A3), was built in 1926[4] just to the north of Motspur Park, forming a distinct northern boundary to the district. The major junction at Shannon Corner was for years a significant landmark in south west London. The building of this road brought speculative house building on open land throughout its length and it stimulated the development of Motspur Park.

The area was developed as a suburb in the years between the first and second world wars. Most houses were of the "terraced" style, typically of six houses joined together, each with three bedrooms and a bathroom upstairs and two living rooms and a kitchen downstairs. The area also attracted a number of playing fields at the time of its development. These remain and have given the area a large amount of green open space.

The Earl Beatty pub

The only local public house, The Earl Beatty, celebrates David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty who commanded a large part of the British fleet at the Battle of Jutland in the First World War.

In 1931 the part of the Hobbald(e)s Farm estate was acquired by the Urban District of Merton and Morden to become the Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Playing Fields. One reason for their doing so was to perpetuate the name of local benefactor and ex-Mayor of Wimbledon, Sir Joseph Hood. The land was set out with a large pavilion, football and cricket pitches, tennis courts, bowling green, putting green and children's play areas. Part of the land is now being managed as a conservation and wildlife reserve.

The biggest local employer for decades was the Decca gramophone record company. In 1929 this was employing 700 people, and making up to 60,000 records a day at its factory in Burlington Road, New Malden. The company diversified during World War Two to make radar and the Decca Navigator System.

Other local employers from that era were, at Shannon Corner, the Shannon typewiter company and the Venner timeswitch company, maker of Britain's first parking meters. Also close to Shannon Corner were Carter's Seeds and Bradbury Wilkinson, a security printing company, maker of banknotes for many of the world's smaller countries. The Tesco hypermarket in the area occupies the former Bradbury Wilkinson site.

Sydney Charles Wooderson set the then world mile record of 4min 6.4sec at Motspur Park's University of London Athletics ground on August 28, 1938.

During World War Two a single stick of bombs was aimed at the railway station by a German bomber but missed its target and destroyed houses in Marina Avenue (including the six odd-numbered houses from 63 to 73) and Claremont Avenue. The bomb landing in claremont avenue landed on a 21st birthday party at a house very near the station killing many at the party. On the morning of July 3, 1944, a V1 rocket came down near No. 45 Motspur Park, the street that takes its name from the town. According to the archives manager at Kingston council, no casualties were reported, but seven or eight houses were completely destroyed, and others were badly damaged. B&Q owned the Agip site (next to West Barnes Library) in the mid to late 80s. The store was rather small and when the Burlington Retail Park was finally finished, B&Q sold the site and moved into a bigger property in New Malden instead.

In the 1970s to mid 1980s, there was a petrol station/garage in Motspur Park. It was called Jackson's Garage, owned and run by Caribbeans (it was located on the site of the former Apple office, now part of the Fulham Football Club office situated next to the level crossing). There were three newsagents/sweetshops/toyshops in the 1960s to 1970s - Waillets, Bromheads and the smaller 'Sweet Things and Things' which has now increased in size, the others being closed down. There was also a fishmonger (where the kebab shop now stands) an ironmonger (where the garage door sales shop now stands) three butchers, a Co-op store, and the original Motspur Park library, which was situated on the site now occupied by 'Reynolds'. In the 1980s, a short-lived clothing store called 'Get Clobbered' was open. There were 2 banks in Motspur Park, a Lloyd's Bank situated near Motspur Park Food and Wine and a Midlands Bank which was situated in the building left of Silverain. The Chinese take-away shop used to be a greengrocer, the shop to the right of the kebab shop used to be an Apollo Video Rental outlet.

D.Jones shoe shop, the Earl Beatty Pub and Motspur Park station are the only buildings unaltered for use since the 1970s.

This pub is being run in to the ground. Huge health and safety hazard to employee's and customers alike. Please avoid

Famous residents

Col Joseph Husband, the inventor of the zebra crossing, lives in the area.

Nigel Winterburn (the former Arsenal and Wimbledon defender) lived in Motspur Park during the 1980s when he played for Wimbledon FC. Apparently, he was a regular at the bookies in Motspur Park.

George Clinton of Funkadelic and Parliament stayed in a house on Phyllis Avenue during his six-night residency at the London Astoria in 1976.

Playing fields

The playing fields located at Motspur Park are:

Education

For education in the Kingston portion of Motspur Park see the main Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames article.

Nearby places

To the west:
Kingston upon Thames, Malden Manor, Old Malden
To the south:
Worcester Park,
To the east:
Morden, Merton, Wimbledon
To the north:
New Malden, Raynes Park

Bibliography

  • Jowett, Evelyn M. An Illustrated History of Merton and Morden Published Merton and Mordon Festival of Britain Local Committee (1951)

References

  1. ^ UK Running Track Directory Motspur Park, University of London Track. Accessed December 2006.
  2. ^ http://www.old-maps.co.uk/oldmaps/index_external.jsp?easting=522581&northing=167660 old-maps.co.uk
  3. ^ Motspur Park Holy Cross Description - The Diocese of Southwark. Accessed December 2006
  4. ^ Tarmac - Our history "In 1925 - 1926 the road fund report showed that 190 miles of arterial roads had been completed including the Kingston by pass - the first dual carriageway of its kind.

External links

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