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Mount Everest
Sagarmāthā
ཇོ་མོ་གླང་མ

Everest from Kala Patthar in Nepal
Elevation 8,848 m (29,029 ft) [1]
Ranked 1st
Prominence 8,848 m (29,029 ft) 
Notice special definition for Everest.
Listing Seven Summits
Eight-thousander
Country high point
Ultra
Location
Mount Everest is located in Nepal
Mount Everest
Location within Nepal on the Nepal–China border
Location Nepal Solukhumbu District, Sagarmatha Zone, Nepal
People's Republic of China Tingri County, Xigazê Prefecture, Tibet Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China[2]
Range Mahalangur Himal, Himalayas
Coordinates 27°59′17″N 86°55′31″E / 27.98806°N 86.92528°E / 27.98806; 86.92528Coordinates: 27°59′17″N 86°55′31″E / 27.98806°N 86.92528°E / 27.98806; 86.92528 [3]
Climbing
First ascent 29 May 1953
New Zealand Edmund Hillary
Nepal IndiaTenzing Norgay
Easiest route South Col (Nepal)
Mount Everest is located in Earth
Location on Earth
Mount Everest relief map
.Mount Everest - also called Qomolangma Peak (Tibetan: ཇོ་མོ་གླང་མ), Mount Sagarmāthā (Nepali: सगरमाथा), Chajamlungma (Limbu), Zhumulangma Peak (Chinese: 珠穆朗玛峰 Zhūmùlǎngmǎ Fēng) or Mount Chomolungma - is the highest mountain on Earth above sea level, and the highest point on the Earth's continental crust, as measured by the height above sea level of its summit, 8,848 metres (29,029 ft).^ Mount Everest Chomolungma (8850 m) .
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Close What's the point of climbing Mount Everest?
  • What's the point of climbing Mount Everest? | Open thread | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
  • Everest Trekking - Everest Region Trek 2010 / 2011 / 2012 - Nepal Visitors 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.nepalvisitors.com [Source type: General]

.The mountain, which is part of the Himalaya range in Asia, is located on the border between Sagarmatha Zone, Nepal, and Tibet, China.^ A: It is located on the border between Nepal and Tibet (now part of China).

^ The “ Spirit of Singapore Expedition 2009”, intends to climb several virgin peaks in the Tien Shan mountain range in Central Asia.
  • Singapore Expeditions by David Lim. 8000m peaks.Aconcagua.Mount Everest.Elbrus.Cho Oyu Shishapangma and world mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.everest.org.sg [Source type: General]

^ The narrow trails cut across the grain of Nepal for 150 miles and over five mountain ranges.
  • John Amatt's Lifetime of Adventure - Biographical Information 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adventureattitude.com [Source type: General]

.In 1856, the Great Trigonometric Survey of India established the first published height of Everest, then known as Peak XV, at 29,002 ft (8,840 m).^ We again had great views of all the peaks surrounding us including Mount Everest and Ama Dablam .

^ Everest, the world's tallest peak at 29,035 feet.

^ We examined the circumstances of deaths on Mount Everest to establish patterns of mortality among mount aineers on a large Himalayan peak.
  • Mortality on Mount Everest, 1921-2006: descriptive study -- Firth et al. 337: a2654 -- BMJ 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.bmj.com [Source type: Academic]

.In 1865, Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Society upon recommendation of Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India at the time.^ It was given the name Everest by the British in 1865 as their surveyors could not find a local name that was agreed on.

^ "Sagarmatha" meaning "Goddess of the Sky" to the Sherpa people, (invented in the 1960s by Baburam Acharya in response the the rising question that the Mountain had no Nepalese name) Mount Everest gets its European name from British Superintentant General of the Survey of India 1830-1843, Sir George Everest.
  • SummitPost - Everest -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

^ The National Geographic Society revised the elevation of Everest to 29,035 feet (8850 meters).

.Chomolungma had been in common use by Tibetans for centuries, but Waugh was unable to propose an established local name because Nepal and Tibet were closed to foreigners.^ (Chomolungma is the Tibetan name for Everest.

^ Mount Everest is also known by the Tibetan name Chomolungma (Goddess Mother of the Snows), and by the Nepali name Sagarmatha (Mother of the Universe).
  • Everest Trekking - Everest Region Trek 2010 / 2011 / 2012 - Nepal Visitors 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.nepalvisitors.com [Source type: General]

^ Our team can provide you with a vast range of services including Local (Nepal) and Tibet,...
  • Mount Everest Travel Guide, Travel Tips: ThingsAsian 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.thingsasian.com [Source type: News]

.The highest mountain in the world attracts well-experienced mountaineers as well as novice climbers who are willing to pay substantial sums to professional mountain guides to complete a successful climb.^ Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
  • Everest Trekking - Everest Region Trek 2010 / 2011 / 2012 - Nepal Visitors 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.nepalvisitors.com [Source type: General]

^ Everest is the highest mountain in the world, with a summit altitude of 28,028 feet (8,550 meters) above sea level.
  • history5 20 November 2009 6:37 UTC www.qsl.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is also a great way to spend some recreational time with climbers from all over the world who like to get out for a workout and have a bit of fun".
  • mount everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.k2news.com [Source type: General]

.The mountain, while not posing substantial technical climbing difficulty on the standard route (other eight-thousanders such as K2 or Nanga Parbat are much more difficult), still has many inherent dangers such as altitude sickness, weather and wind.^ K2 (#2) is far more difficult by the standard route, as is Kangchenjunga (#3) and many of the other 8000m peaks.
  • Mount Everest is Man's Mental Achilles Heel - Blogcritics Culture 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC blogcritics.org [Source type: General]

^ No technical climbing/mountaineering skills required.

^ Instead of climbing the Geneva Spur, the route is pushed up the Lhotse Face instead, now the standard route.

.By the end of the 2008 climbing season, there had been 4,102 ascents to the summit by about 2,700 individuals.^ The fall season of sports ended but there are still winter sports to come.
  • High School Playbook Sports Winston-Salem, Greensboro, High Point - WXII 12 - Hanesbrand To Send Carver Student To Mt. Everest 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC wxii.highschoolplaybook.com [Source type: General]

^ During the spring climbing seasons from 1982 to 2006, 82.3% of deaths of climbers occurred during an attempt at reaching the summit.
  • Mortality on Mount Everest, 1921-2006: descriptive study -- Firth et al. 337: a2654 -- BMJ 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.bmj.com [Source type: Academic]

^ We will begin our climb at about 430AM. From our earlier recce, we plan to begin by climbing up via a gully on the side of the mountain and after that do a snow traverse to the summit.
  • Singapore Expeditions by David Lim. 8000m peaks.Aconcagua.Mount Everest.Elbrus.Cho Oyu Shishapangma and world mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.everest.org.sg [Source type: General]

[4] .Climbers are a significant source of tourist revenue for Nepal, whose government also requires all prospective climbers to obtain an expensive permit, costing up to US $ 25,000 per person.^ US -All inclusive: including a " personal sherpa " and 2:1 sherpa/climber support .
  • Climb Mount Everest South Ridge 2010, 2011 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC peakfreaks.com [Source type: General]

^ The participants have obtained all necessary permits.

^ Permits cost thousands of U.S. dollars ($50,000 for a seven member party in 1996), and are difficult to obtain, and waiting lists extend for years.
  • Everest Trekking - Everest Region Trek 2010 / 2011 / 2012 - Nepal Visitors 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.nepalvisitors.com [Source type: General]

[5] .Everest has claimed 210 lives, including eight who perished during a 1996 storm high on the mountain.^ Mountaineering is a calculation of risk and on Everest the risk is high.
  • John Amatt's Lifetime of Adventure - Biographical Information 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adventureattitude.com [Source type: General]

^ So, to come back around, I think climbing mountains - Hood, Manadnock, or Everest - should be about striving to see what we can accomplish in our lives.
  • Mount Everest is Man's Mental Achilles Heel - Blogcritics Culture 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC blogcritics.org [Source type: General]

^ Mountains each year claim lives due to avalanches, why wouldn't you want to be with the best?
  • Climb Mount Everest South Ridge 2010, 2011 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC peakfreaks.com [Source type: General]

.Conditions are so difficult in the death zone that most corpses have been left where they fell.^ I am top student and visible minority ( most of marks were above 90% ) inspire of my health condition and they have been aware of this since enrolling and have medical letter.
  • Dental Assistant Jobs Forum - Everest college or no? | Indeed.com 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.indeed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a truly superhuman effort, they make an attempt after spending two nights in the Death Zone without oxygen waiting for good weather.

.Some of them are visible from standard climbing routes.^ Instead of climbing the Geneva Spur, the route is pushed up the Lhotse Face instead, now the standard route.

^ Fig 1 Deaths on standard north and south routes of Everest during spring climbing season (April-June) 1982-2006.
  • Mortality on Mount Everest, 1921-2006: descriptive study -- Firth et al. 337: a2654 -- BMJ 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.bmj.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Figure 1 presents the mortality and distribution of deaths on the standard routes during the spring climbing seasons of 1982 to 2006.
  • Mortality on Mount Everest, 1921-2006: descriptive study -- Firth et al. 337: a2654 -- BMJ 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.bmj.com [Source type: Academic]

[6]

Contents

Identifying the highest mountain

.In 1808, the British began the Great Trigonometric Survey of India to determine the location and names of the world's highest mountains.^ Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
  • Everest Trekking - Everest Region Trek 2010 / 2011 / 2012 - Nepal Visitors 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.nepalvisitors.com [Source type: General]

^ The Great Trigonmetrical Survey of India determines the Peak XV is the highest mountain in the world.

^ The mountain received its official name in 1865 in honor of Sir George Everest, the British Surveyor General from 1830-1843 who had mapped the Indian subcontinent.
  • Mount Everest - Mt Everest - Mount Everest Nepal - Mt. Everest in Nepal -Everest in Nepal 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.bharatonline.com [Source type: News]

.Starting in southern India, the survey teams gradually moved northward using giant 500 kg (1,100 lb) theodolites (each requiring 12 men to carry) to measure heights as accurately as possible.^ We brought about 100 lbs of books and started to stack the shelves.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ The kitchen has giant pots that are constantly boiling lots of water for the whole team to use.

^ There were a number of Sherpas moving toward the start of the Icefall route, including Tendi and LamaBabu from our own team.

.They reached the Himalayan foothills by the 1830s, but Nepal was unwilling to allow the British to enter the country because of suspicions of political aggression and possible annexation.^ On the 22nd of September they reached Namche Bazaar, and three days later left with the objective of scaling the Khumbu Icefall and entering the Western Cwm.

^ Because of political considerations, they don't climb the slopes leading up to the Lho La directly, but start from the base of the Khumbu Icefall; the expedition eventually reaches the West Shoulder by September 9.

^ This is a truly spectacular beginning to the trek as you fly over the rolling foothills of Nepal with the huge Himalayan peaks visible to the north.

.Several requests by the surveyors to enter Nepal were turned down.^ He loved Nepal so much that he turned down an offer by a Hollywood movie company to celebrate the 50th anniversary of his climb with big movie productions and promotions.

[7]
The British were forced to continue their observations from Terai, a region south of Nepal which is parallel to the Himalayas. .Conditions in Terai were difficult owing to torrential rains and malaria — three survey officers died from malaria while two others had to retire owing to failing health.^ Three months ago, after failing to climb Mount Everest for the second time in two years, 67-year-old Bill Burke, a retired attorney, set out to give it another try.
  • Mount Everest - Blogrunner 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.blogrunner.com [Source type: News]

^ Nanda Devi East – it’s over “The summit attempt failed due to bad weather conditions and Jarek’s health problems,” the Polish home team reported.

^ Two climbers died suddenly (one had pre-existing asthma, the other a brain tumour), one death involved a myocardial infarction, and two climbers collapsed suddenly from unknown causes.
  • Mortality on Mount Everest, 1921-2006: descriptive study -- Firth et al. 337: a2654 -- BMJ 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.bmj.com [Source type: Academic]

[7]
.Nonetheless, in 1847, the British pressed on and began detailed observations of the Himalayan peaks from observation stations up to 240 km (150 mi) away.^ When I go out to climb a mountain, be it a small one in my backyard or a major Himalayan peak, I can always find a challenge for myself.
  • Mount Everest is Man's Mental Achilles Heel - Blogcritics Culture 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC blogcritics.org [Source type: General]

^ A part of the peak slid away in a gigantic rockslide, and steam and ash were blown more than 11 miles (17.6 km) into the sky.
  • history5 20 November 2009 6:37 UTC www.qsl.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The vista opened up as it light up and the other Himalayan giants began to reveal themselves, amazing!!!!

.Weather restricted work to the last three months of the year.^ The 4,300-mile (6,900- kilometer) voyage lasted for about three and a half months.
  • history5 20 November 2009 6:37 UTC www.qsl.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Here is Jangbu's official tally of the teams that worked on the route, and the number of sherpas they contributed to the fixing each day, over the last three days: .
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ With one winning game under their belts, the varsity girls’ basketball team is working hard to improve from last year’s 4-19 season.
  • High School Playbook Sports Winston-Salem, Greensboro, High Point - WXII 12 - Hanesbrand To Send Carver Student To Mt. Everest 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC wxii.highschoolplaybook.com [Source type: General]

.In November 1847, Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India made a number of observations from Sawajpore station located in the eastern end of the Himalayas.^ Sir George Everest, Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843, records the location of Everest.

^ Lavoisier, who is generally regarded as the "founder of modern chemistry," demonstrated the role of oxygen in chemical processes and made key observations about respiration.
  • history5 20 November 2009 6:37 UTC www.qsl.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Surveyor Andrew Waugh completes the first height measurement, declaring Everest to be 8840 meters high.

.At the time, Kangchenjunga was considered the highest peak in the world, and with interest he noted a peak beyond it, some 230 km (140 mi) away.^ So if you're in the market for an all time adventure on top of the world or just a leisurely stroll up Kilimanjaro, I'd go with Peak Freaks.
  • Climb Mount Everest South Ridge 2010, 2011 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC peakfreaks.com [Source type: General]

^ A part of the peak slid away in a gigantic rockslide, and steam and ash were blown more than 11 miles (17.6 km) into the sky.
  • history5 20 November 2009 6:37 UTC www.qsl.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The company has gone on to achieve ascents on many of the worlds highest peaks focusing on increasing safety margins with the group summiting Everest again in '97.
  • mount everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.k2news.com [Source type: General]

.John Armstrong, one of Waugh's officials, also saw the peak from a location further west and called it peak 'b'. Waugh would later write that the observations indicated that peak 'b' was higher than Kangchenjunga, but given the great distance of the observations, closer observations were required for verification.^ The monastery is one of two whose locations were selected specifically to allow religious contemplation of the great peak.
  • Everest Trekking - Everest Region Trek 2010 / 2011 / 2012 - Nepal Visitors 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.nepalvisitors.com [Source type: General]

^ The Nepalese visa is even officially more expensive than the first one.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ While no one's trinket is better than the next, I've got to tell you about a special one I've been given.

.The following year, Waugh sent a survey official back to Terai to make closer observations of peak 'b', but clouds thwarted all attempts.^ After an eight year hiatus, GNC is back to partnering another one of David Lim's expedition and is the official health supplement partner of the expedition.
  • Singapore Expeditions by David Lim. 8000m peaks.Aconcagua.Mount Everest.Elbrus.Cho Oyu Shishapangma and world mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.everest.org.sg [Source type: General]

^ A full-scale summit attempt was to be launched the following year in 1922.

^ The Island Peak team was 100% successful in summiting IP and all are safely back at IP base camp.
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

[7]
In 1849, Waugh dispatched James Nicolson to the area. .Nicolson was able to make two observations from Jirol, 190 km (120 mi) away.^ The company where I did my internship in LA highered me At $17 an Hr to start, I was there for two years and I was making $19 an Hr when I left.
  • Dental Assistant Jobs Forum - Everest college or no? | Indeed.com 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.indeed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nicolson then took the largest theodolite and headed east, obtaining over 30 observations from five different locations, with the closest being 174 km (108 mi) away from the peak.^ A part of the peak slid away in a gigantic rockslide, and steam and ash were blown more than 11 miles (17.6 km) into the sky.
  • history5 20 November 2009 6:37 UTC www.qsl.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This weekend my good friends, Ned and Laura Gardner made it to the top of Katterskill High Peak (along with 5 of their closest friends).
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ Peak b is surveyed the British, which ruled India; The height is calculated at 30,200 feet from measurements taken 110 miles away.

[7]
Nicolson retreated to Patna on the Ganges to perform the necessary calculations based on his observations. .His raw data gave an average height of 9,200 m (30,200 ft) for peak 'b', but this did not take into account light refraction which distorts heights.^ At Kongsberg, corporate social responsibility means taking into account the communities in which the Group operates and which are affected by their activities.
  • Singapore Expeditions by David Lim. 8000m peaks.Aconcagua.Mount Everest.Elbrus.Cho Oyu Shishapangma and world mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.everest.org.sg [Source type: General]

^ Peak b is surveyed the British, which ruled India; The height is calculated at 30,200 feet from measurements taken 110 miles away.

^ I personally have 12 more climbs before I can gain entry into the club, so we did two more peaks on Sunday, only after we had “Breakfast Grub” at Two Chix and a Skillet.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

The number clearly indicated, however, that peak 'b' was higher than Kangchenjunga. Unfortunately, Nicolson came down with malaria and was forced to return home, calculations unfinished. Michael Hennessy, one of Waugh's assistants, had begun designating peaks based on roman numerals, with Kangchenjunga named Peak IX, while peak 'b' now became known as Peak XV.[7]
.In 1852, stationed at the survey's headquarters in Dehradun, Radhanath Sikdar, an Indian mathematician and surveyor from Bengal, was the first to identify Everest as the world's highest peak, using trigonometric calculations based on Nicolson's measurements.^ Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world, in the Himalayas of ...
  • Mount everest Stock Photo Images. 238 Mount everest royalty free images and photography available to buy from over 100 stock photo companies. 22 September 2009 23:33 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ It wasn’t until 1852 that the highest point in the world was clearly identified.
  • Everest : Expeditions : First Ascent 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.eddiebauer.com [Source type: General]

^ Everest is the highest mountain in the world, with a summit altitude of 28,028 feet (8,550 meters) above sea level.
  • history5 20 November 2009 6:37 UTC www.qsl.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .An official announcement that Peak XV was the highest was delayed for several years as the calculations were repeatedly verified.^ Delayed by two hours, we lifted off the tarmac in Kathmandu and soared up amongst the highest peaks in this region of the Himalayas.

^ Because It’s There” Once it became official that Everest is the highest peak in the world, climbers began dreaming of testing themselves on it.
  • Everest : Expeditions : First Ascent 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.eddiebauer.com [Source type: General]

^ The Great Trigonmetrical Survey of India determines the Peak XV is the highest mountain in the world.

.Waugh began work on Nicolson's data in 1854, and along with his staff spent almost two years working on the calculations, having to deal with the problems of light refraction, barometric pressure, and temperature over the vast distances of the observations.^ Sounds no problem, but at this altitude, it means two hours of work.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Having lived in Nepal for two years, my standards for Nepali food are high.
  • Mt. Everest Kitchen - Allston/Brighton - Allston, MA 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

^ We've established an outstanding team of Sherpa staff who work with us year after year.
  • Climb Mount Everest South Ridge 2010, 2011 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC peakfreaks.com [Source type: General]

Finally, in March 1856 he announced his findings in a letter to his deputy in Kolkata. .Kangchenjunga was declared to be 28,156 ft (8,582 m), while Peak XV was given the height of 29,002 ft (8,840 m).^ Everest 8848 meters or 29,029 ft* *Note the National Geographic Society has determined the height as being 29,035 feet.

.Waugh concluded that Peak XV was "most probably the highest in the world".[7] In fact, Peak XV (measured in feet) was calculated to be exactly 29,000 ft (8,839.2 m) high, but was publicly declared to be 29,002 ft (8,839.8 m).^ In January 2010, Hanesbrands expects to unveil a one-of-a-kind summit suit designed to keep Clarke warm and mobile in the high winds and severe cold on the highest reaches of 29,035-foot Everest, the highest peak in the world.
  • High School Playbook Sports Winston-Salem, Greensboro, High Point - WXII 12 - Hanesbrand To Send Carver Student To Mt. Everest 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC wxii.highschoolplaybook.com [Source type: General]

^ L: Luis, high on the Espinosa Route on Orizaba (5700m); Mexico's highest peak.
  • Singapore Expeditions by David Lim. 8000m peaks.Aconcagua.Mount Everest.Elbrus.Cho Oyu Shishapangma and world mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.everest.org.sg [Source type: General]

^ Ama Dablam 6,812 metres (22,349 ft), one of the most beautiful mountains in the world, is a technical mountain for climbing.

.The arbitrary addition of 2 ft (61 cm) was to avoid the impression that an exact height of 29,000 feet (8,839.2 m) was nothing more than a rounded estimate.^ Hanesbrands has approximately 45,000 employees in more than 25 countries.
  • High School Playbook Sports Winston-Salem, Greensboro, High Point - WXII 12 - Hanesbrand To Send Carver Student To Mt. Everest 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC wxii.highschoolplaybook.com [Source type: General]

^ The height of Everest is adjusted by 26 feet to 29,028 feet (8848 meters).

^ Nothing left to do for us than (once again) go down to ABC and wait for more quiet conditions.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

[9]

Naming

.With the height now established, what to name the peak was clearly the next challenge.^ We woke at 3AM, hydrated and ate some food before moving off at 3:30AM towards another un-named peak (estimate height 4447M).
  • Singapore Expeditions by David Lim. 8000m peaks.Aconcagua.Mount Everest.Elbrus.Cho Oyu Shishapangma and world mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.everest.org.sg [Source type: General]

While the survey was anxious to preserve local names if possible (e.g. .Kangchenjunga and Dhaulagiri) Waugh argued that he was unable to find any commonly used local name.^ But because Tibet and Nepal were closed, the Surveyor General, Andrew Waugh, claimed that no local name could be found.
  • Everest : Expeditions : First Ascent 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.eddiebauer.com [Source type: General]

.Waugh's search for a local name was hampered by Nepal and Tibet being closed to foreigners at the time.^ Being my second time to Nepal , it was nice to come here with a Visa already in my passport this time (note to people who are coming here in the future, get your Visa in advance, trust me!
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ By the time Tibet opened its borders in 1921 and Nepal followed in 1949, their local names for the great mountain—Chomolungma and Sagarmatha, respectively—had been supplanted.
  • Everest : Expeditions : First Ascent 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.eddiebauer.com [Source type: General]

^ Being from Nepal the food they serve here is not even close to what nepalese food is all about.
  • Mt. Everest Kitchen - Allston/Brighton - Allston, MA 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

.Many local names existed, with perhaps the best known in Tibet for several centuries being Chomolungma, which had appeared on a 1733 map published in Paris by the French geographer D'Anville.^ By the time Tibet opened its borders in 1921 and Nepal followed in 1949, their local names for the great mountain—Chomolungma and Sagarmatha, respectively—had been supplanted.
  • Everest : Expeditions : First Ascent 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.eddiebauer.com [Source type: General]

^ Everest is known as Chomolungma in Tibet and Sagarmatha in Nepal.

^ But because Tibet and Nepal were closed, the Surveyor General, Andrew Waugh, claimed that no local name could be found.
  • Everest : Expeditions : First Ascent 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.eddiebauer.com [Source type: General]

.However, Waugh argued that with the plethora of local names, it would be difficult to favour one specific name over all others.^ The latter things are more difficult to find than postcards, Gurkha knives and all the other useless stuff that is offered all around Thamel.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ And within one week, their name changed to Everest and all their paperwork had their name written in PEN. .
  • Dental Assistant Jobs Forum - Everest college or no? | Indeed.com 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.indeed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The place where all the locals gather to sit down and enjoy summer, stop at one of the cafes or just sit down on the lawn and have a picnic.
  • Restaurant Mount Everest | TripSay.com 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.tripsay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.So, he decided that Peak XV should be named after George Everest, his predecessor as Surveyor General of India.^ Sir George Everest, Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843, records the location of Everest.

^ Peak XV re-named Mt.

^ Without that, he named it for his predecessor, Sir George Everest.
  • Everest : Expeditions : First Ascent 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.eddiebauer.com [Source type: General]

[7][10] He wrote:
.I was taught by my respected chief and predecessor, Colonel Sir George Everest to assign to every geographical object its true local or native appellation.^ Without that, he named it for his predecessor, Sir George Everest.
  • Everest : Expeditions : First Ascent 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.eddiebauer.com [Source type: General]

^ Sir George Everest, Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843, records the location of Everest.

^ I went to Everest Institute in kalamazoo, mi i started in march of 2007 i finished i september i had the best teacher ever she taught us from her heart...
  • Dental Assistant Jobs Forum - Everest college or no? | Indeed.com 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.indeed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But here is a mountain, most probably the highest in the world, without any local name that we can discover, whose native appellation, if it has any, will not very likely be ascertained before we are allowed to penetrate into Nepal.^ He had some reservations about having his name bestowed on the peak, arguing that the mountain should retain its local appellation; a standard policy of the then geographical societies.
  • Mount Everest - Mt Everest - Mount Everest Nepal - Mt. Everest in Nepal -Everest in Nepal 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.bharatonline.com [Source type: News]

^ Revered as Chomolungma ("goddess mother of the world") by Tibetans and called Sagarmatha ("goddess of the sky") in Nepal, Mount Everest is the highest mountain peak in the world.
  • Mount Everest - Mt Everest - Mount Everest Nepal - Mt. Everest in Nepal -Everest in Nepal 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.bharatonline.com [Source type: News]

^ A bit business-like but very important to check and confirm all necessary details before we move into the mountains.
  • Singapore Expeditions by David Lim. 8000m peaks.Aconcagua.Mount Everest.Elbrus.Cho Oyu Shishapangma and world mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.everest.org.sg [Source type: General]

.In the meantime the privilege as well as the duty devolves on me to assign…a name whereby it may be known among citizens and geographers and become a household word among civilized nations.^ The May 2003 issue of National Geographic commemorating the 50th anniversary of the first ascent.
  • Mount Everest: The Mystery of Mallory and Irvine's Fate 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.wou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The May 2003 issue of National Geographic has a great map showing all 15 routes in PDF format, as well as a rotateable 3-D QuickTime movie of the Everest massif (scroll down to bottom right).
  • Mount Everest: The Mystery of Mallory and Irvine's Fate 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.wou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11]
.George Everest opposed the name suggested by Waugh and told the Royal Geographical Society in 1857 that Everest could not be written in Hindi nor pronounced by "the native of India". Waugh's proposed name prevailed despite the objections, and in 1865, the Royal Geographical Society officially adopted Mount Everest as the name for the highest mountain in the world.^ You are climbing Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world.
  • Amazon.com: Everest (Large Format): Liam Neeson, Lhakpa Dorji, Dorje Sherpa, Ed Viesturs, Muktu Lhakpa Sherpa, Thilen Sherpa, Jangbu Sherpa, Araceli Segarra, Wong Chu Sherpa, Robert Schauer, Jamling Tenzing Norgay, David Breashears, Greg MacGillivray, Stephen Judson, Alec Lorimore, Tim Cahill: Movies & TV 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The highest mountain is Mount Everest in the Himalayas, at 29,035 feet.
  • Mount Everest - Blogrunner 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.blogrunner.com [Source type: News]

^ "Sagarmatha" meaning "Goddess of the Sky" to the Sherpa people, (invented in the 1960s by Baburam Acharya in response the the rising question that the Mountain had no Nepalese name) Mount Everest gets its European name from British Superintentant General of the Survey of India 1830-1843, Sir George Everest.
  • SummitPost - Everest -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

[7] .Interestingly, the modern pronunciation of Everest /ˈɛvərɨst, ˈɛvrɨst/[12] is in fact different from Sir George's pronunciation of his surname, which was /ˈiːvrɨst/.^ The mountain received its official name in 1865 in honor of Sir George Everest, the British Surveyor General from 1830-1843 who had mapped the Indian subcontinent.
  • Mount Everest - Mt Everest - Mount Everest Nepal - Mt. Everest in Nepal -Everest in Nepal 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.bharatonline.com [Source type: News]

^ Sir George Everest, Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843, records the location of Everest.

^ Everest to honor Sir George Everest, the Surveyor General of India.

[13]
Aerial view of Mount Everest from the south
.The Tibetan name for Mount Everest is Chomolungma or Qomolangma (ཇོ་མོ་གླིང་མ, which means "Saint Mother"), and the Chinese transliteration is Zhūmùlǎngmǎ Fēng (simplified Chinese: 珠穆朗玛峰traditional Chinese: 珠穆朗瑪峰), which refers to Earth Mother; the Chinese translation is Shèngmǔ Fēng (simplified Chinese: 圣母峰traditional Chinese: 聖母峰), which refers to Holy Mother.^ Mount Everest Chomolungma (8850 m) .
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Mount Everest (Chomolungma) - practical information .
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ (Chomolungma is the Tibetan name for Everest.

.According to English accounts of the mid-19th century, the local name in Darjeeling for Mount Everest was Deodungha (meaning "holy mountain").^ The ancient name for the mountain is Devgiri , meaning "holy mountain" or Devadurga may have been pronounced it as deodungha by the English in the 1800s.
  • SummitPost - Everest -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

^ Lukla airport owes its existence to the fact it is located close to Mount Everest and that most climbers use it as the first station in the attempt to scale this massive mountain.
  • simMarket: AEROSOFT - LUKLA X MOUNT EVEREST 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC secure.simmarket.com [Source type: General]
  • Aerosoft - Lukla X - Mount Everest - FlightSim Pilot Shop 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.fspilotshop.com [Source type: General]

^ "Sagarmatha" meaning "Goddess of the Sky" to the Sherpa people, (invented in the 1960s by Baburam Acharya in response the the rising question that the Mountain had no Nepalese name) Mount Everest gets its European name from British Superintentant General of the Survey of India 1830-1843, Sir George Everest.
  • SummitPost - Everest -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

[14]
.In the late 19th century, many European cartographers incorrectly believed that a native name for the mountain was Gaurisankar.^ Both Dallas and Alexanderplatz make the case for the mini-series as a distinctive form; what the novel was for the 19th century, the mini-series may have been for the late 20th.
  • SFMOMA | OPEN SPACE » Mount-Everest-of-modern-cinema 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC blog.sfmoma.org [Source type: General]

[15] .This was a result of confusion of Mount Everest with the actual Gauri Sankar, which, when viewed from Kathmandu, stands almost directly in front of Everest.^ The most groups that attempt Mount Everest from Tibet have the trip organized by an agency in Kathmandu.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ SFM oma’s blog: it not at all like climbing Mount Everest in the least, it’s actually more like watching a super long, super German mini-series.
  • SFMOMA | OPEN SPACE » Mount-Everest-of-modern-cinema 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC blog.sfmoma.org [Source type: General]

^ Netscape 4.6) Everest high definition satellite view Expedition Everest 2004 The plan is to attempt the ultimate summit, Mount Everest from Tibet.
  • SummitPost - Everest -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

[citation needed]
.In the early 1960s, the Nepalese government gave Mount Everest the official name Sagarmāthā (सगरमाथा).^ "Sagarmatha" meaning "Goddess of the Sky" to the Sherpa people, (invented in the 1960s by Baburam Acharya in response the the rising question that the Mountain had no Nepalese name) Mount Everest gets its European name from British Superintentant General of the Survey of India 1830-1843, Sir George Everest.
  • SummitPost - Everest -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

^ Everest Training Climb in the eyes of Everest .Mount Pumori adjacent to Everest,, the un-named daughter mountain of Everest situated next to Everest.
  • Climb Mount Everest South Ridge 2010, 2011 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC peakfreaks.com [Source type: General]

^ Natha Singh, a member of the British Indian Survey, obtains permission to enter the Mount Everest region from the Nepalese side.

[16] This name had not previously been used; the local inhabitants knew the mountain as Chomolungma. .The mountain was not known and named in ethnic Nepal (that is, the Kathmandu valley and surrounding areas).^ As we are the third time in Nepal, today we visit the third royal city in the Kathmandu valley, Patan.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Visits to the nearby towns of Patan and Bhaktapur, shopping in Kathmandu, and mountain biking in the hills around Kathmandu valley are among the other options.

^ To The Ministry of Culture, Tourism & Civil Aviation Tourism Industry Division, Mountaineering Section Brikutimandap, Kathmandu, Nepal .
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

.December 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] The government set out to find a Nepalese name for the mountain because the Sherpa/Tibetan name Chomolangma was not acceptable, as it would have been against the idea of unification (Nepalization) of the country.^ When I go out to climb a mountain, be it a small one in my backyard or a major Himalayan peak, I can always find a challenge for myself.
  • Mount Everest is Man's Mental Achilles Heel - Blogcritics Culture 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC blogcritics.org [Source type: General]

^ Russell and I set our minds to bigger tasks, like figuring out how to prep the mountain for our summit attempts.

^ Camp 3 Sherpa team set up six tents and got up some of the needed supplies.
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

[citation needed]
.In 2002, the Chinese People's Daily newspaper published an article making a case against the continued use of the English name for the mountain in the Western world, insisting that it should be referred to by its Tibetan name.^ The ancient name for the mountain is Devgiri , meaning "holy mountain" or Devadurga may have been pronounced it as deodungha by the English in the 1800s.
  • SummitPost - Everest -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

^ By examining the variety of ways people approach mountains, we can use mountains as metaphors to help us find new and more creative ways of dealing with problems in the office or at home.

^ The mountain is also viewed as sacred to the Hindi people, as it is named after one of their goddesses.

.The newspaper argued that the Chinese (in nature a Tibetan) name preceded the English one, as Mount Qomolangma was marked on a Chinese map more than 280 years ago.^ Actually everything looks much more Chinese than three years ago.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ YES has noted a marked decrease in company and corporate giving which makes donations, like this one, from families and neighbors all the more significant.

^ Finland wrote about Linnanmäki one year, 6 months ago .
  • Restaurant Mount Everest | TripSay.com 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.tripsay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17]

Measurement

Another aerial view of Mount Everest from the south, with Lhotse in front and Nuptse on the left
.In 1856, Andrew Waugh announced Everest (then known as Peak XV) as 29,002 ft high, after several years of calculations based on observations made by the Great Trigonometric Survey.^ In January 2010, Hanesbrands expects to unveil a one-of-a-kind summit suit designed to keep Clarke warm and mobile in the high winds and severe cold on the highest reaches of 29,035-foot Everest, the highest peak in the world.
  • High School Playbook Sports Winston-Salem, Greensboro, High Point - WXII 12 - Hanesbrand To Send Carver Student To Mt. Everest 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC wxii.highschoolplaybook.com [Source type: General]

^ While trekking to Everest base camp last year, Ngima invited me to come visit him at his home village Chyangba .
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ To learn more: Everest Base Camp Support Trek Or EBC and your own summit on Island Peak after acclimatization and training at Everest BC with Tim and team.
  • Climb Mount Everest South Ridge 2010, 2011 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC peakfreaks.com [Source type: General]

.More recently, the mountain has been found to be 8,848 m (29,029 ft) high, although there is some variation in the measurements.^ There is verifiable evidence that the high mountain ranges > > > such as the Himalayas and the Alps, reached their > > > present heighths much more recently than is supposed > > > by many.
  • History of the Earth - Atheism vs Christianity | Google Groups 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • History of the Earth - Atheism vs Christianity | Google Groups 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is a problem, the rebels have been targeting Kathmandu more and more in recent months (starting with the General Strike and such when I was there a year ago).
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ It was mindblowing and was a new high point (not literal) in my mountaineering career, it was a truly incredible site to behold, made all the more electric by the risk.

.On 9 October 2005, after several months of measurement and calculation, the PRC's State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping officially announced the height of Everest as 8,844.43 m (29,017.16 ft) with accuracy of ±0.21 m (0.69 ft).^ The height of Everest is adjusted by 26 feet to 29,028 feet (8848 meters).

^ Peak b is surveyed the British, which ruled India; The height is calculated at 30,200 feet from measurements taken 110 miles away.

^ Tony Kelly Advanced Base Camp - 6460m (21,195 ft) Everest 2000 - North Side .

They claimed it was the most accurate and precise measurement to date.[18] .This height is based on the actual highest point of rock and not on the snow and ice covering it.^ We had to crawl over rocks and ice and snow to get to the top.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ Camp 3 is situated in a steep partly snow-covered basin of rock and scree at 8200 m.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Upon arrival at Base Camp Kevin’s and my tent was on top of a ice and rock pile at the foot dangerous Khumbu Icefall.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

.The Chinese team also measured a snow/ice depth of 3.5 m (11 ft),[19] which is in agreement with a net elevation of 8,848 m (29,029 ft).^ Challenges include routefinding, timing of the climbs, as well as the significant elevation gain on snow and ice from their glacier camp at 3700m to the 5000m summits around them.
  • Singapore Expeditions by David Lim. 8000m peaks.Aconcagua.Mount Everest.Elbrus.Cho Oyu Shishapangma and world mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.everest.org.sg [Source type: General]

^ Everest 8848 meters or 29,029 ft* *Note the National Geographic Society has determined the height as being 29,035 feet.

.The snow and ice thickness varies over time, making a definitive height of the snow cap impossible to determine.^ Challenges include routefinding, timing of the climbs, as well as the significant elevation gain on snow and ice from their glacier camp at 3700m to the 5000m summits around them.
  • Singapore Expeditions by David Lim. 8000m peaks.Aconcagua.Mount Everest.Elbrus.Cho Oyu Shishapangma and world mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.everest.org.sg [Source type: General]

^ Although the height is only 6812m it requires steep ice, rock and snow climbing.

.The elevation of 8,848 m (29,029 ft) was first determined by an Indian survey in 1955, made closer to the mountain, also using theodolites.^ This was also the first recorded use of bottled oxygen in Mountaineering.
  • SummitPost - Everest -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

^ We will be using oxygen to sleep on at 7900m (25,920 ft) and for climbing from 8300m with the exception of Jean who is attempting to be the oldest person to climb the mountain at 62.

^ Everest 8848 meters or 29,029 ft* *Note the National Geographic Society has determined the height as being 29,035 feet.

It was subsequently reaffirmed by a 1975 Chinese measurement.[19] In both cases the snow cap, not the rock head, was measured. .In May 1999 an American Everest Expedition, directed by Bradford Washburn, anchored a GPS unit into the highest bedrock.^ Everest on the 1990 American Everest Expedition.

^ May 29, 2009 Biggest tragedy of Polish climbers in Himalayas - Mount Everest Expedition 1989.

^ George Mallory's remains were discovered in 1999 by American Big Wall climber Conrad Anker on the International Mountain Guide expedition led by Eric Simonson.
  • SummitPost - Everest -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

.A rock head elevation of 8,850 m (29,035 ft), and a snow/ice elevation 1 m (3 ft) higher, were obtained via this device.^ The National Geographic Society revised the elevation of Everest to 29,035 feet (8850 meters).

^ Challenges include routefinding, timing of the climbs, as well as the significant elevation gain on snow and ice from their glacier camp at 3700m to the 5000m summits around them.
  • Singapore Expeditions by David Lim. 8000m peaks.Aconcagua.Mount Everest.Elbrus.Cho Oyu Shishapangma and world mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.everest.org.sg [Source type: General]

^ The climbing route here from camp II changes significantly with the steep mixed gully’s of rock, ice and snow.

[20] Although it has not been officially recognized by Nepal,[21] this figure is widely quoted. Geoid uncertainty casts doubt upon the accuracy claimed by both the 1999 and 2005 surveys.
.A detailed photogrammetric map (at a scale of 1:50,000) of the Khumbu region, including the south side of Mount Everest, was made by Erwin Schneider as part of the 1955 International Himalayan Expedition, which also attempted Lhotse.^ Mount Everest South Africa 2009 .

^ Mount Everest Expedition 1989.

^ Nepal south of Mount Everest.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.An even more detailed topographic map of the Everest area was made in the late 1980s under the direction of Bradford Washburn, using extensive aerial photography.^ As the Everest climbing and trekking season goes into motion, Namche becomes even more colorful and lively.
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ It would have been even nicer if he had chosen a more or less flat area.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ I'm even more impressed by his realisation that he was not able to leave his Everest attempt for another year (the difference between 65 & 66 possibly being the difference between success and failure or worse).
  • What's the point of climbing Mount Everest? | Open thread | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

[22]
It is thought that the plate tectonics of the area are adding to the height and moving the summit northeastwards. .Two accounts suggest the rates of change are 4 mm (0.16 in) per year (upwards) and 3 to 6 mm (0.12 to 0.24 in) per year (northeastwards),[20][23] but another account mentions more lateral movement (27 mm/1.1 in),[24] and even shrinkage has been suggested.^ The border crossing costs another US$ 50 per person "visa change fee" because our group visa must be converted into individual visa.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Also his advice to change money here turns out not to be the best: The rate is 7 yuan per US$ while we had got 8 in Zhangmu.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ I'm even more impressed by his realisation that he was not able to leave his Everest attempt for another year (the difference between 65 & 66 possibly being the difference between success and failure or worse).
  • What's the point of climbing Mount Everest? | Open thread | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

[25]

Comparisons

.The summit of Everest is the point at which the Earth's surface reaches the greatest distance above sea level.^ This is to notify that the following members of 2007 IMG Everest Expedition I & II have reached the summit of Mount Everest this morning between 5-7:30 am (Nepal time): .
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ This is to notify that the following members of 2007 IMG Everest Expedition I & II have reached the summit of Mount Everest this morning 5-6:40 am: .
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ The first European woman and the third woman to summit Everest, Wanda Rutkiewicz, reaches the top.

.Several other mountains are sometimes claimed as alternative "tallest mountains on Earth". Mauna Kea in Hawaii is tallest when measured from its base;[26] it rises over 10,200 m (6.3 mi) when measured from its base on the mid-ocean floor, but only attains 4,205 m (13,796 ft) above sea level.^ Fleece Pants - Polartec 100 or 200 A good alternative for fuzzy fleece for this layer is Mountain Hardware Chugach Pants.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ April 8, 2000 Everest Base Camp Tibet 17,200 ft.

^ Base Camp is not low enough to recover from Altitude Sickness since it is at 18,000’ and there is exactly 1/2 the oxygen in the air than at sea level.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

.By the same measure of base[26] to summit, Mount McKinley, in Alaska, is also taller than Everest.^ This is to notify that the following members of 2007 IMG Everest Expedition I & II have reached the summit of Mount Everest this morning between 5-7:30 am (Nepal time): .
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ This is to notify that the following members of 2007 IMG Everest Expedition I & II have reached the summit of Mount Everest this morning 5-6:40 am: .
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ On the 23rd of May, 2007 the second hungarian climber, Attila Jelinkó has reached the summit of Mount Everest at 3 o'clock am /CET/.
  • SummitPost - Everest -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

.Despite its height above sea level of only 6,193.6 m (20,320 ft), Mount McKinley sits atop a sloping plain with elevations from 300 m (980 ft) to 900 m (3,000 ft), yielding a height above base in the range of 5,300 to 5,900 m (17,400 to 19,400 ft); a commonly quoted figure is 5,600 m (18,400 ft).^ Ujjwal Acharya at The Radiant Star informs that to propagate about climate change issues the Nepal government has held a cabinet meeting at 18,192 ft above sea level in the Mount Everest.
  • Mount Everest - Blogrunner 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.blogrunner.com [Source type: News]
  • Global Voices Online » Nepal: Cabinet Meeting At Mount Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC globalvoicesonline.org [Source type: News]

^ Ministers meet to discuss climate change at 17,192 feet above sea level.
  • Mount Everest - Blogrunner 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.blogrunner.com [Source type: News]

^ We start to test our Oxygen levels in our blood, I come in at about 86%, which is great for 14,000’ but would put me in the Intensive Care Unit at Sea Level.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

[27] .By comparison, reasonable base elevations for Everest range from 4,200 m (13,800 ft) on the south side to 5,200 m (17,100 ft) on the Tibetan Plateau, yielding a height above base in the range of 3,650 to 4,650 m (11,980 to 15,260 ft).^ April 8, 2000 Everest Base Camp Tibet 17,200 ft.

^ Everest Base Camp (17,575 ft.
  • SummitPost - Everest -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

^ On the glacier plateau under the North Col it is really uncomfortable - side wind up to 100 km/h.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

[22]
.The summit of Chimborazo in Ecuador is 2,168 m (7,113 ft) farther from the Earth's centre (6,384.4 km (3,967.1 mi)) than that of Everest (6,382.3 km (3,965.8 mi)), because the Earth bulges at the Equator.^ First Ascent: Ed’s O2 “It was my goal and my desire to attempt my 7th Everest summit without supplementary O2,” Ed Viesturs reported.

^ The diameter of the earth at the > > > > equator, on the other hand, is 12,756.8 km.
  • History of the Earth - Atheism vs Christianity | Google Groups 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • History of the Earth - Atheism vs Christianity | Google Groups 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The diameter of the earth at the > > > > > equator, on the other hand, is 12,756.8 km.
  • History of the Earth - Atheism vs Christianity | Google Groups 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • History of the Earth - Atheism vs Christianity | Google Groups 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, Chimborazo attains a height of only 6,267 m (20,561 ft) above sea level, and by this criterion it is not even the highest peak of the Andes.

Climbing routes

Chomo Lonzo Makalu Mount Everest Tibetan Plateau Rong River Changtse Rongbuk Glacier North Face East Rongbuk Glacier North Col north ridge route Lhotse Nuptse South Col route Gyachung Kang Cho Oyu File:Himalaya annotated.jpg
Southern and northern climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station.
Mt. .Everest has two main climbing routes, the southeast ridge from Nepal and the northeast ridge from Tibet, as well as many other less frequently climbed routes.^ As we flew further north the whole of the North-Northeast Ridge of Everest and then the North Col and North Ridge came into view.

^ He has climbed Cho Oyo, Ama Dablam (3x), Pumori, Shishapangma, and many others.

^ See more photos from past IMG Nepal Trek and Everest South Side Climbing expeditions: .
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

[28] Of the two main routes, the southeast ridge is technically easier and is the more frequently-used route. .It was the route used by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953 and the first recognized of fifteen routes to the top by 1996.[28] This was, however, a route decision dictated more by politics than by design as the Chinese border was closed to the western world in the 1950s after the People's Republic of China took over Tibet.^ Edmund Hillary (NZ) and Tenzing Norgay (Sherpa) were the first to summit Everest .
  • SummitPost - Everest -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

^ Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay successfully ascended the South Col route in 1953.

^ The Nepalese visa is even officially more expensive than the first one.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

[29]
View from space showing South Col route and North Col/Ridge route
Most attempts are made during May before the summer monsoon season. .As the monsoon season approaches, a change in the jet stream at this time pushes it northward, thereby reducing the average wind speeds high on the mountain.^ On the mountain the sherpas are pushing hard to get ropes in place as high as 7900m.

^ The winds picked up on schedule yesterday afternoon as the jet stream passed over the top of Mt.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Jet Stream Kicks Up Wind on Everest .
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

[30][31] .While attempts are sometimes made after the monsoons in September and October, when the jet stream is again temporarily pushed northward, the additional snow deposited by the monsoons and the less stable weather patterns (tail end of the monsoon) makes climbing extremely difficult.^ I am sure Mr. Norton can speak to this better than I, but the fact that Everest is the tallest peak in the world does not make it the most difficult peak in the world to climb.
  • Mount Everest is Man's Mental Achilles Heel - Blogcritics Culture 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC blogcritics.org [Source type: General]

^ But for us, with ambitions of climbing to the summit, the 18 hours of snow fall and the 50-60mph winds make Camp 2 a living hell.

^ In winter it is too cold in the Himalaya, in summer (June-September) the monsoon brings bad weather and lots of rain and snow.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

Southeast ridge

.The ascent via the southeast ridge begins with a trek to Base Camp at 5,380 m (17,700 ft) on the south side of Everest in Nepal.^ April 8, 2000 Everest Base Camp Tibet 17,200 ft.

^ Jangbu here at Everest Base Camp !
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ New Speed Record Nepal Side: Babu Chiri Sherpa ; from Everest base camp to the Summit via the South East ridge in 16 hours and 56 minutes on May 21st, 2000.

.Expeditions usually fly into Lukla (2,860 m) from Kathmandu and pass through Namche Bazaar.^ The rest of the day passed and the next day was a downhill maze back through the icefall and into the luxury of BC. .

^ From Lukla, the team trekked uphill to Namche Bazaar, a popular trading village in the Khumbu region.
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Tags: Ama Dablam , climbers , Dingboche , Everest Region , Expedition , Kala Patthar , Kathmandu , Lobuche , Lukla , Namche Bazaar , Nepal , Rock climbing , snow climbing , Travel , trekking .

.Climbers then hike to Base Camp, which usually takes six to eight days, allowing for proper altitude acclimatization in order to prevent altitude sickness.^ Today was a rest day for acclimation to the altitude.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ Rest day in Base Camp Rest day in base camp.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ The last of us have been at base camp for eight days.

[32] .Climbing equipment and supplies are carried by yaks, dzopkyos (yak hybrids) and human porters to Base Camp on the Khumbu Glacier.^ Base Camp In the night, the base camp sounds like a walrus colony: Everywhere there is grunting, blowing one's nose, coughing - and it is not the yaks who cause this noise.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ A train of yaks and a handful of porters carried a few climber's hopes off the mountain yesterday.

^ Out "package" consisted of the above mentioned "basic package" with a total duration of 72 days from and to Kathmandu, and a Sherpa as high camp porter and two oxygen equipments.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.When Hillary and Tenzing climbed Everest in 1953, they started from Kathmandu Valley, as there were no roads further east at that time.^ Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay successfully ascended the South Col route in 1953.

^ I would like to quote Nick Heil: “ What folly to think that anyone climbs Everest for the views, or the thrills, or the bragging rights, or vaguest of all because it is there.

^ On 21st may at 7:15 local time I (John), climbed to the top of the world and summitted Mt Everest at 8850m.

.Climbers will spend a couple of weeks in Base Camp, acclimatizing to the altitude.^ IMG Leader Mark Tucker reports from Base Camp that most of the IMG climbers have now returned after their forays of R & R down valley.
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Spending 12 weeks in relative isolation can weigh heavy on climbers, but we have been so lucky to have the ability to check in on planet Home every now and then.

^ After spending two nights trapped at Camp 2 last week, just about any bad weather at this stage proved overwhelming.

.During that time, Sherpas and some expedition climbers will set up ropes and ladders in the treacherous Khumbu Icefall.^ This morning was windy and snowy, and at 5:30am, Justin, Jon, Jon, and their sherpa team roped up and headed down from Camp 2.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ The Icefall Doctors (icefall route sherpas hired by SPCC) have now placed nine ladders and have reached the "popcorn" section of the icefall.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ There are still some expeditions with gear up at Camp 2...
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

.Seracs, crevasses and shifting blocks of ice make the icefall one of the most dangerous sections of the route.^ The Icefall Doctors (icefall route sherpas hired by SPCC) have now placed nine ladders and have reached the "popcorn" section of the icefall.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ As an expedition, we have done everything possible to minimise our exposure to the icefall due to its high level of danger from falling seracs and avalanches.

^ There are at least 12 avalanches a day in the vicinity and the route through the icefall has been disrupted almost every day by falling seracs (huge ice blocks as big as cars or houses), a guide a few clients from another group had a near miss yesterday, a serac that fell missed them by inches.

.Many climbers and Sherpas have been killed in this section.^ How many Sherpas per climber and do they speak English?

^ IMG has also sent two sherpa to help the body retrieval team tomorrow (of a Nepalese climber killed on Lhotse).
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

.To reduce the hazard, climbers will usually begin their ascent well before dawn when the freezing temperatures glue ice blocks in place.^ The gammow bag is a double skinned inflatable plastic chamber that a climber can be placed in so that when the bag is pressurized the effect is to reduce the apparent altitude by several thousand feet.

^ The trick of the day is managing to wash your hair with frozen shampoo and then somehow get the hair dry before it freezes and you may as well snap it off!

.Above the icefall is Camp I at 6,065 metres (19,900 ft).^ Russell gave Graham some pieces of a tent and some kind of old food tin, excavated from a camp site at 7,900 meters (25,920 ft.

.From Camp I, climbers make their way up the Western Cwm to the base of the Lhotse face, where Camp II or Advanced Base Camp (ABC) is established at 6,500 m (21,300 ft).^ They alternatingly support me, and so we make the way down to the base camp.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ We set off from ABC (21,500 ft.

^ The Camp 3 climbers, with Casey and Mike, are on their way up to Camp 1 to sleep.
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

.The Western Cwm is a relatively flat, gently rising glacial valley, marked by huge lateral crevasses in the centre which prevent direct access to the upper reaches of the Cwm.^ We meandered across the western cwm, snaking around many more crevasses.

^ We will be heavily laden and will make slow progress across the glaciers of the upper western CWM as we head for the bergschrund that separates the glaciated valley floor from the Lhotse face, this gradual, but taxing climb to the face will take roughly 90 minutes to 2 hours.

.Climbers are forced to cross on the far right near the base of Nuptse to a small passageway known as the "Nuptse corner". The Western Cwm is also called the "Valley of Silence" as the topography of the area generally cuts off wind from the climbing route.^ Around the corner and upwards on our ascent route Chris did a recce and estimates the wind speeds at twice that again (65-85kts).

^ The sheer breath taking scenery of the Western Cwm was unchanged by the icy head wind as we trudged the 4 hours into Camp 2.

^ We will snake through the CWM towards C2 (6350m), being very wary of rock fall and avalanche coming off Nuptse to our right and Lhotse / western shoulder on our left.

.The high altitude and a clear, windless day can make the Western Cwm unbearably hot for climbers.^ The 18th may was a rest day at C2 and we decided to engage in a wee bit of cricket in the famous western CWM, surely the highest game ever at 6400m!

^ Tomorrow some of the climbers will take a rest day at Camp 1 while others will make a day trip up to Camp 2.
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ We used bottled oxygen (like most other climbers, too), and we had a Sherpa working as a high altitude porter.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

[33]
.From ABC, climbers ascend the Lhotse face on fixed ropes up to Camp III, located on a small ledge at 7,470 m (24,500 ft).^ ABC is high, 21,500 ft.

^ Tomorrow our sherpas and Andy Lapkass will start to string ropes to Camp Two, while I go up to Camp One to organize it.

^ We set off from ABC (21,500 ft.

.From there, it is another 500 metres to Camp IV on the South Col at 7,920 m (26,000 ft).^ Camp 3 at (26,070 ft.

^ From Camp 1 (23,000 ft.

^ Tomorrow we head to higher elevations well over 12,500' and eventually to 19,000' over the glaicer down to Base Camp (17,500') next week.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

.From Camp III to Camp IV, climbers are faced with two additional challenges: The Geneva Spur and The Yellow Band.^ C4 I realised the harsh reality of what I was undertaken, a descent from 8000m after climbing to 8850m, with the destination of 6400m, down the yellow band, across the traverse, down the Geneva spur, across the top of the Lhotse face and then down the unforgiving Lhotse face.

^ The route to Camp 3 was put in today up the lower part of the Lhotse Face — two parellel ropes, one for up traffic, and one for down.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ They left Camp 2 at 1:30 this morning (May 10) and are currently (8:30am) above the Yellow Band on the way to Camp 4.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

.The Geneva Spur is an anvil shaped rib of black rock named by a 1952 Swiss expedition.^ We are hoping to do the same thing up on the Geneva Spur next, and hopefully up in the rock step below the South Summit too.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

.Fixed ropes assist climbers in scrambling over this snow covered rock band.^ Coming from the snow, we enter scree-covered bands of limestone, completely free of snow.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ We hope for a longer peace and leave for the North Col. After the fresh snow of the last days, the trace at the fixed ropes is in bad state and slippery.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Still no ropes are fixed above 8300 meters and the snow is so deep up there, old ropes aren't to be found.

.The Yellow Band is a section of interlayered marble, phyllite, and semischist which also requires about 100 metres of rope for traversing it.^ They started below the Yellow Band, which they fixed with 9mm rope, then fixed from over the Geneva Spur and on into the Col. .
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ IMG sherpas Nima Nuru and Karma Serki joined five sherpas from other teams today to push the ropes to the bottom of the Yellow Band.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ IMG sherpas installed more ropes above Camp 3 and now the sherpas from other teams have taken over and have made it to above the Yellow Band, and should be to the Col very soon.
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

[33]
.On the South Col, climbers enter the death zone.^ On the South Side, climbers pushed upwards from the South Col, only to be turned back by the deep snow.

^ Since then, the South Col route has been ascended by over 800 climbers.

^ Before I knew it, we were at the famous South Col, the site of infinite triumph and tragedy, success and failure, death and survival.

.Climbers typically only have a maximum of two or three days they can endure at this altitude for making summit bids.^ After that we would need only two more ascents: the first with a night at camp 1 and at camp 2, and the installation of camp 3; and the second ascent would include the summit attempt.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Spent three days and two nights at Everest Base Camp.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ Once again, thank you to everyone for your messages and support, they have kept us sane over the last 12 days in BC, with a bit of luck we will be leaving BC for our summit bid soon.

.Clear weather and low winds are critical factors in deciding whether to make a summit attempt.^ But for us, with ambitions of climbing to the summit, the 18 hours of snow fall and the 50-60mph winds make Camp 2 a living hell.

^ Nanda Devi East – it’s over “The summit attempt failed due to bad weather conditions and Jarek’s health problems,” the Polish home team reported.

^ The Dutch staggered into Camp 1 exhausted after a failed summit attempt due to high wind and one of their members suffering from HACE (high altitude cerebral edema).

.If weather does not cooperate within these short few days, climbers are forced to descend, many all the way back down to Base Camp.^ They alternatingly support me, and so we make the way down to the base camp.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Rest day in Base Camp Rest day in base camp.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ They have now all successfully descended back to Lobuche base camp.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

.
A view of Everest southeast ridge base camp.
^ Jangbu here at Everest Base Camp !
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ It was Leila , Wally Berg’s wife and our base camp manager on the Everest trip.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ Spent three days and two nights at Everest Base Camp.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

The Khumbu Icefall can be seen in the left. In the center are the remains of a helicopter that crashed in 2003.
.From Camp IV, climbers will begin their summit push around midnight with hopes of reaching the summit (still another 1,000 metres above) within 10 to 12 hours.^ Another summit hope put on hold.

^ Around midnight it started to snow and 15 hours later, it is still snowing.

^ Ang Jangbu in BC reports that the Singapore women's group did summit Lobuche Peak yesterday at around 11am and returned to Lobuche base camp safely.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

.Climbers will first reach "The Balcony" at 8,400 m (27,600 ft), a small platform where they can rest and gaze at peaks to the south and east in the early dawn of light.^ First Team on the Balcony, 27,500' .
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ We will expect to hear from them when they reach the Balcony.
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Tucker reports from Base Camp (he is sleeping in the comm tent) that the first team has reached the Balcony and everything is OK. They left the Col before 10pm and some of the climbers reached the Balcony before 2am and some after 2am.
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

.Continuing up the ridge, climbers are then faced with a series of imposing rock steps which usually forces them to the east into waist deep snow, a serious avalanche hazard.^ The tents are perched on a shelf cut into the snow at the top of the long snow slope of the north ridge.

^ On the South Side, climbers pushed upwards from the South Col, only to be turned back by the deep snow.

^ Still no ropes are fixed above 8300 meters and the snow is so deep up there, old ropes aren't to be found.

.At 8,750 m (28,700 ft), a small table-sized dome of ice and snow marks the South Summit.^ The road to Camp 2 at 6400m high winds on forever in small rolling hills of spectacular white ice and snow.

[33]
.From the South Summit, climbers follow the knife-edge southeast ridge along what is known as the "Cornice traverse" where snow clings to intermittent rock.^ Rumor has it that they are trying to beat all the climbers, including those on the south side, to the summit.

^ With the bottles in place I stepped off along the knife edge of crumbling snow and along to the Hillary Step.

^ On the South Side, climbers pushed upwards from the South Col, only to be turned back by the deep snow.

.This is the most exposed section of the climb as a misstep to the left would send one 2,400 m (8,000 ft) down the southwest face while to the immediate right is the 3,050 m (10,000 ft) Kangshung face.^ I would like to quote Nick Heil: “ What folly to think that anyone climbs Everest for the views, or the thrills, or the bragging rights, or vaguest of all because it is there.

^ Ama Dablam 6,812 metres (22,349 ft), one of the most beautiful mountains in the world, is a technical mountain for climbing.

^ And, climbing only in underwear today would certainly mean an immediate knock out due to sunburn.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.At the end of this traverse is an imposing 12 m (40 ft) rock wall called the "Hillary Step" at 8,760 m (28,740 ft).^ I stopped, had yet another PowerGel and water before scrambling and climbing across the saddle to the Hillary step where we met a lot of climbers descending and ended up waiting 40 minutes for the step to clear.

[33]
.Hillary and Tenzing were the first climbers to ascend this step and they did it with primitive ice climbing equipment and with ropes.^ Given several earlier references, I wouldn't mind if somebody finally cleared up the controversy about who really did stand on the peak first: Edmund Hillary or "Tiger" Tenzing Norgay!
  • What's the point of climbing Mount Everest? | Open thread | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay successfully ascended the South Col route in 1953.

^ The Lhotse climbers will spend the next few days training in the BC area on ropes, ladders, and out on the glacier ice before the get ready to head up the Icefall for their first acclimatization rotation.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

.Nowadays, climbers will ascend this step using fixed ropes previously set up by Sherpas.^ Jumar – a device used to secure a climber to a fixed rope/line.

^ Tomorrow our sherpas and Andy Lapkass will start to string ropes to Camp Two, while I go up to Camp One to organize it.

^ This morning was windy and snowy, and at 5:30am, Justin, Jon, Jon, and their sherpa team roped up and headed down from Camp 2.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

.Once above the step, it is a comparatively easy climb to the top on moderately angled snow slopes - though the exposure on the ridge is extreme especially while traversing very large cornices of snow.^ I climbed the awkward Hillary step with ease, although once on top I was completely out of breath and it took almost 10 minutes to regain it before tackling the final summit ridge.

^ The Khumbu has had a very dry winter with very little snowfall, and the upper part of Everest is quite black, so some snow will improve the climbing conditions for our team.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Very impressive snow and ice formations, and now there is no more questions why the Fantasy Ridge is the last unclimbed crest at Mount Everest.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.With increasing numbers of people climbing the mountain in recent years, the Step has frequently become a bottleneck, with climbers forced to wait significant amounts of time for their turn on the ropes, leading to problems in getting climbers efficiently up and down the mountain.^ Fellow mountaineers said he asked for help at the balcony and several large commercial teams reportedly assisted the climber down to C4.

^ If people like Fiennes, whose brain was probably telling him to give up every step of that climb, didn't exist, life would be almost too depressing to bear.
  • What's the point of climbing Mount Everest? | Open thread | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ This time there are battles with the good guys and bad guys and stuff gets blown up and power constantly goes out.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

.After the Hillary Step, climbers also must traverse a very loose and rocky section that has a very large entanglement of fixed ropes that can be troublesome in bad weather.^ We hope for a longer peace and leave for the North Col. After the fresh snow of the last days, the trace at the fixed ropes is in bad state and slippery.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ On the way they helped a climber from another team, who had been abandoned at the Balcony (27,500',) and who was in very bad shape.
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ The weather remains very bad the whole evening, it is snowing big, wet flakes.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.Climbers will typically spend less than a half-hour on the "top of the world" as they realize the need to descend to Camp IV before darkness sets in, afternoon weather becomes a serious problem, or supplemental oxygen tanks run out.^ Tucker reports from Base Camp (he is sleeping in the comm tent) that the first team has reached the Balcony and everything is OK. They left the Col before 10pm and some of the climbers reached the Balcony before 2am and some after 2am.
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ April - Day 27 It looked like the weather would hold for the morning and then break in the afternoon so no work was possible in fixing camps on the mountain.

^ Out "package" consisted of the above mentioned "basic package" with a total duration of 72 days from and to Kathmandu, and a Sherpa as high camp porter and two oxygen equipments.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

Northeast ridge

Mount Everest north face from Rongbuk in Tibet
.The northeast ridge route begins from the north side of Everest in Tibet.^ The North Ridge of Everest lays wholly within the country of Tibet.

^ This will be his second attempt on the North Ridge of Everest.

^ As we flew further north the whole of the North-Northeast Ridge of Everest and then the North Col and North Ridge came into view.

.Expeditions trek to the Rongbuk Glacier, setting up Base Camp at 5,180 m (16,990 ft) on a gravel plain just below the glacier.^ The Base Camp is situated not far from the end of Rongbuk glacier.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Base camp will be located on the Rongbuk glacier at 5,200 meters.

^ Tingri - Rongbuk - Base Camp On the way to the base camp .
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.To reach Camp II, climbers ascend the medial moraine of the east Rongbuk Glacier up to the base of Changtse at around 6,100 m (20,000 ft).^ The Base Camp is situated not far from the end of Rongbuk glacier.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ From Camp 1 (23,000 ft.

^ Base camp will be located on the Rongbuk glacier at 5,200 meters.

.Camp III (ABC - Advanced Base Camp) is situated below the North Col at 6,500 m (21,300 ft).^ First, all of our team members are now based at ABC – our 21,500 ft camp.

^ North Col - Camp 2 On the snow ridge to camp 2 .
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ We set off from ABC (21,500 ft.

.To reach Camp IV on the north col, climbers ascend the glacier to the foot of the col where fixed ropes are used to reach the North Col at 7,010 m (23,000 ft).^ North Col - Camp 2 On the snow ridge to camp 2 .
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ From Camp 1 (23,000 ft.

^ We have fixed ropes and established a route to Camp One at 23,000 feet.

.From the North Col, climbers ascend the rocky north ridge to set up Camp V at around 7,775 m (25,500 ft).^ North Col - Camp 2 On the snow ridge to camp 2 .
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ This camp is placed just below the North Col, at 21,500 ft.

^ The Camp II set up .

.The route crosses the North Face in a diagonal climb to the base of the Yellow Band reaching the site of Camp VI at 8,230 m (27,000 ft).^ From Camp 1 (23,000 ft.

^ The route leads to the ramp and climbs to an amphitheatre and then passes through steep snow and ice runnel and finally, along the snow ridge to reach camp III. The summit from camp III requires steep climb on snow and ice to the right of a huge hanging glacier.

^ Instead of climbing the Geneva Spur, the route is pushed up the Lhotse Face instead, now the standard route.

.From Camp VI, climbers will make their final summit push.^ Tomorrow's summit climbers have now made the move up to the Col from Camp 3, and are getting ready for their summit bids tonight.
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ But for us, with ambitions of climbing to the summit, the 18 hours of snow fall and the 50-60mph winds make Camp 2 a living hell.

^ The strongest climbers would never summit if there wasn't a tidal wave of gear and food pushing them upward.

.Climbers face a treacherous traverse from the base of the First Step: 27,890 feet - 28,000 feet, to the crux of the climb, the Second Step: 28,140 feet - 28,300 feet.^ Another 15 minutes of traverse through the northwest face, and we reach the Second Step.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ I walked past a climber in very bad shape at about 14,000 feet on Mt.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ By now you must know about the climber on Everest with severe altitude sickness up at 28,000’.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

.(The Second Step includes a climbing aid called the "Chinese ladder", a metal ladder placed semi-permanently in 1975 by a party of Chinese climbers.^ Yang won’t be the only Chinese climber on K2 this summer: Shi Hai Feng, outfitted by Saltoro Summits, will attempt the peak together with a climbing mate.

^ The strongest of the climbers who were caught up high today are making their way back to ABC. No one climbed much above the second step because of the winds and sub zero temps.

^ So I climbed the Second Step practically without additional oxygen.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.It has been almost continuously in place since, and ladders have been used by virtually all climbers on the route.^ The Icefall Doctors (icefall route sherpas hired by SPCC) have now placed nine ladders and have reached the "popcorn" section of the icefall.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Since the route is equipped with fixed ropes almost entirely, one can quite well find it in the dark, as far as the stupid oxygen mask allows.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Since then, the South Col route has been ascended by over 800 climbers.

) .Once above the Second Step the inconsequential Third Step is clambered over: 28,510 feet - 28,870 feet.^ There are three steps to be overcome, First, Second und Third Step.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.Once above these steps, the summit pyramid is climbed by means of a snow slope of 50 degrees, to the final summit ridge along which the top is reached.^ The final climb to the summit takes you up a classic pyramid of snow, slowly flattening at the top.

^ The route leads to the ramp and climbs to an amphitheatre and then passes through steep snow and ice runnel and finally, along the snow ridge to reach camp III. The summit from camp III requires steep climb on snow and ice to the right of a huge hanging glacier.

^ But for us, with ambitions of climbing to the summit, the 18 hours of snow fall and the 50-60mph winds make Camp 2 a living hell.

[34]

Ascents

Early expeditions

Rongbuk Monastery in Tibet with the north side of Everest in the background.
.In 1885, Clinton Thomas Dent, president of the Alpine Club, suggested that climbing Mount Everest was possible in his book Above the Snow Line.^ Our plan was to reach Mount Everest as a two person team as affordable as possible.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ It is proved that Mount Everest can be climbed without additional oxygen.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ The Khumbu has had a very dry winter with very little snowfall, and the upper part of Everest is quite black, so some snow will improve the climbing conditions for our team.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

[35]
.The northern approach to the mountain was discovered by George Mallory on the first expedition in 1921. It was an exploratory expedition not equipped for a serious attempt to climb the mountain.^ Only one in 12 people who attempt the grueling climb to the summit are successful, leaving most peoples Everest expeditions left to the imagination.
  • Mount Everest: Confessions of an Amateur Peak Bagger 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC store.everestgear.com [Source type: General]

^ They meet with climbing and trekking expeditions to better prepare them for altitude issues and other potential mountaineering health issues.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ First, I say to all of those who judge the climbers on the mountain that day: you can only judge if you have been at altitude on a climb.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

.With Mallory leading (and thus becoming the first European to set foot on Everest's flanks) they climbed the North Col 7,007 metres (22,989 ft).^ From the North Col on, there is a huge snow banner on Everest, and the tent pole that suddenly fell onto the table in the dining tent was quite a surprise.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Directly above the flank increases steepness, leading towards the north ridge.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Ama Dablam 6,812 metres (22,349 ft), one of the most beautiful mountains in the world, is a technical mountain for climbing.

.From there, Mallory espied a route to the top, but the party was unprepared for the great task of climbing any further and descended.^ On most parts of the routes there will be fixed rope, however, the climbers should posses skills to climb through steep rock and hard water ice.

^ Karsang and I climbed further along the ridge line today, and I got some great photos of him looking toward the summit.

^ It was the sight of the great Mallory and Irvine epic of 1924, and was first climbed to the summit in 1974 by a team of Chinese climbers.

The British returned for a 1922 expedition. .George Finch ("The other George") climbed using oxygen for the first time.^ Top Out Oxygen system : This is used from camp 3, initially at a low flow rate, then as we climb a higher flow rate may be used.

^ We used bottled oxygen (like most other climbers, too), and we had a Sherpa working as a high altitude porter.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ K-Way Backpack : Used to carry the oxygen and other gear.

.He ascended at a remarkable speed — 950 feet (290 m) per hour, and reached an altitude of 8,320 m (27,300 ft), the first time a human climbed higher than 8,000m.^ Several members were up to C1 in under 4 hours and everyone was under 6, which is a perfectly resonable time for the first trip up there.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ It was immediately clear that we were stronger and more acclimitised than last time as the climb felt slightly easier and went quicker.

^ Today started out pretty normal, with the first team making a timely departure and climbing the Icefall in good form.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

This feat was entirely lost on the British climbing establishment — except for its "unsporting" nature. Mallory and Col. Felix Norton made a second unsuccessful attempt. .Mallory was faulted for leading a group down from the North Col which got caught in an avalanche.^ The '24 expedition had a telegraph set up between the North Col and ABC and occasionally sections of the wire appear lower down the glacier.

^ ABC - North Col As often so shortly before the first summit bid, there are wild speculations which of the big groups would leave for the summit on which day.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ I was in the leading group and we made good albeit it difficult progress down threough the ice fall, across too many ladders, down too many ladders and jumped across too many gaping crevasses.

Mallory was pulled down too, but seven native porters were killed.
The next Expedition was in 1924. .The initial attempt by Mallory and Bruce, was aborted when weather conditions precluded the establishment of Camp VI. The next attempt was that of Norton and Somervell who climbed without oxygen and in perfect weather, traversing the North Face into the Great Couloir.^ To climb without O2 though, conditions have to be perfect.

^ Only one in 12 people who attempt the grueling climb to the summit are successful, leaving most peoples Everest expeditions left to the imagination.
  • Mount Everest: Confessions of an Amateur Peak Bagger 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC store.everestgear.com [Source type: General]

^ I had made a good team and climbed at similar speeds and managed to without planning or discussion, each do our share of camp chores.

.Norton managed to reach 8,558 metres (28,077 ft), though he ascended only 100 feet (30 m) or so in the last hour.^ After climbing the Hillary step, we will continue to climb the last 100m vertical metres to the summit, although this 100m will take at least an hour.

.Mallory rustled up oxygen equipment for a last-ditch effort.^ Mingma's task will be to support our transport of equipment to the high camp, mainly to bring the heavy oxygen bottles, the gas cartridges and the tents up.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

He chose the young Andrew Irvine as his partner.
.On 8 June 1924 George Mallory and Andrew Irvine made an attempt on the summit via the North Col/North Ridge/Northeast Ridge route from which they never returned.^ North Col - Camp 2 On the snow ridge to camp 2 .
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ This will be his second attempt on the North Ridge of Everest.

^ The North Ridge differs greatly from Nepal's South Col route.

On 1 May 1999 the Mallory and Irvine Research Expedition found Mallory's body on the North Face in a snow basin below and to the west of the traditional site of Camp VI. Controversy has raged in the mountaineering community as to whether or not one or both of them reached the summit 29 years before the confirmed ascent (and of course, safe descent) of Everest by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953.
In 1933, Lady Houston, a British millionaire ex-showgirl, funded the Houston Everest Flight of 1933, which saw a formation of aircraft led by the Marquess of Clydesdale fly over the summit in an effort to deploy the British Union Flag at the top.[36][37]
.Early expeditions — such as Bruce's in the 1920s and Hugh Ruttledge's two unsuccessful attempts in 1933 and 1936 — tried to make an ascent of the mountain from Tibet, via the north face.^ After that we would need only two more ascents: the first with a night at camp 1 and at camp 2, and the installation of camp 3; and the second ascent would include the summit attempt.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ It will be Saturday before we can make our first trip to the North Col: The Puja ceremony is scheduled for Friday angesetzt, and before the Sherpas won't access the mountain.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ On our first attempt, two of the Sherpas started down the fixed lines along the North Ridge.

.Access was closed from the north to western expeditions in 1950, after the Chinese asserted control over Tibet.^ During the 1960s, after the Dalai lama had fled to India and Chiness armies established control over Tibet, Mustang was a centre for guerrilla operations against the Chinese.

^ Close of play today is heavily falling snow at ABC. Russell recalls from his 9 expeditions to the North side of Mount Everest that these are the coldest conditions he can remember.

.In 1950, Bill Tilman and a small party which included Charles Houston, Oscar Houston and Betsy Cowles undertook an exploratory expedition to Everest through Nepal along the route which has now become the standard approach to Everest from the south.^ Nepal south of Mount Everest.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ This is to notify that the following members of 2007 IMG Everest Expedition I & II have reached the summit of Mount Everest this morning between 5-7:30 am (Nepal time): .
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ We passed through tiny villages in which the people subsisted solely on farming and herding yaks for Everest expeditions.

[38]
.In the spring of 1952 a Swiss expedition, lead by Edouard Wyss-Dunant was granted permission to attempt a climb from Nepal.^ Only one in 12 people who attempt the grueling climb to the summit are successful, leaving most peoples Everest expeditions left to the imagination.
  • Mount Everest: Confessions of an Amateur Peak Bagger 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC store.everestgear.com [Source type: General]

^ See more photos from past IMG Nepal Trek and Everest South Side Climbing expeditions: .
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ With over 20 years experience as a climbing and trekking guide, Brad spends much of each year leading mountaineering expeditions in Peru.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

.The expedition established a route through the Khumbu ice fall and ascended to the South Col at an elevation of 7,986 metres (26,201 ft).^ Since then, the South Col route has been ascended by over 800 climbers.

^ Descent through the Khumbu Ice Fall .

^ Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay successfully ascended the South Col route in 1953.

.Raymond Lambert and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay were able to reach a height of about 8,595 metres (28,199 ft) on the southeast ridge, setting a new climbing altitude record.^ We've been kidding Graham for weeks about setting up a big canvas tent on his front lawn, stocking it with old climbing gear and calling it a museum.

^ Ama Dablam 6,812 metres (22,349 ft), one of the most beautiful mountains in the world, is a technical mountain for climbing.

^ In the meantime, other IMG members and some of our new sherpas are continuing to work on the ropes course that Panuru set up near the bottom of the Icefall.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

Tenzing's experience was useful when he was hired to be part of the British expedition in 1953.[39]

First successful ascent by Tenzing and Hillary

In 1953, a ninth British expedition, led by John Hunt, returned to Nepal. .Hunt selected two climbing pairs to attempt to reach the summit.^ Everest, yet thousands dream of what it would be like for a mere mortal to attempt to reach its summit at 29,035 feet.
  • Mount Everest: Confessions of an Amateur Peak Bagger 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC store.everestgear.com [Source type: General]

^ Only one in 12 people who attempt the grueling climb to the summit are successful, leaving most peoples Everest expeditions left to the imagination.
  • Mount Everest: Confessions of an Amateur Peak Bagger 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC store.everestgear.com [Source type: General]

^ After that we would need only two more ascents: the first with a night at camp 1 and at camp 2, and the installation of camp 3; and the second ascent would include the summit attempt.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.The first pair (Tom Bourdillon and Charles Evans) came within 100 m (300 feet) of the summit on 26 May 1953, but turned back after becoming exhausted.^ After that, however, he came back to ABC quite exhausted.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.As planned, their work in route finding and breaking trail and their caches of extra oxygen were of great aid to the following pair.^ Jangbu has a meeting planned in the next day or two to work out the strategy for getting the route above the Col fixed.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Since the route is equipped with fixed ropes almost entirely, one can quite well find it in the dark, as far as the stupid oxygen mask allows.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.Two days later, the expedition made its second and final assault on the summit with its second climbing pair, the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, a sherpa climber from India and Nepal.^ Given several earlier references, I wouldn't mind if somebody finally cleared up the controversy about who really did stand on the peak first: Edmund Hillary or "Tiger" Tenzing Norgay!
  • What's the point of climbing Mount Everest? | Open thread | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ With the help of Pasang, a sherpa from the Indian Army expedition, they engineered the rescue of the two buried climbers from the crevasse, one of whom was brought to the surface unconscious and hypothermic.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay successfully ascended the South Col route in 1953.

.They reached the summit at 11:30 a.m.^ This is to notify that the following members of 2007 IMG Everest Expedition I & II have reached the summit of Mount Everest this morning (5/19/2007) between 5 & 8:30 am: .
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ This is to notify that the following members of 2007 IMG Everest Expedition I & II have reached the summit of Mount Everest this morning between 5-7:30 am (Nepal time): .
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ We heard from Tucker and Merle on the radio periodically throughout the morning, as they ascended Lobuche Peak, reaching the summit about 11 am.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

local time on .29 May 1953 via the South Col Route.^ Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay successfully ascended the South Col route in 1953.

^ We also have a fresh team of fixing sherpas scheduled tomorrow to start work on the route from C3 towards the South Col which will hopefully be put in over the next couple days.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ I have heard via radio that he is now in C4 at the south Col, 8000m and well.

.At the time, both acknowledged it as a team effort by the whole expedition, but Tenzing revealed a few years later that Hillary had put his foot on the summit first.^ This Everest expedition is truly a team effort.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ We are proud to recognize that IMG's sherpas were the first people to summit both Everest and Lhotse this year while putting in the fixed ropes on the route and paving the way for everyone else.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Ken Naguchi, the leader of the team climbed Everest with Himalayan Experience a few years back.

[40] .They paused at the summit to take photographs and buried a few sweets and a small cross in the snow before descending.^ Whereas Fifi has been reported as spending a leisurely night acclimatizing at the North Col before descending to BC for a rest prior to a summit push.

^ We see a few really small birds and a couple of crows around camp, but they usually disappear around 3 o'clock when it starts getting cold.

^ The final climb to the summit takes you up a classic pyramid of snow, slowly flattening at the top.

.News of the expedition's success reached London on the morning of Queen Elizabeth II's coronation, June 2. Returning to Kathmandu a few days later, Hunt (a Briton) and Hillary (a subject of Elizabeth, through her role as head of state of New Zealand) discovered that they had been promptly knighted in the Order of the British Empire, a KBE, for the ascent.^ This is to notify that the following members of 2007 IMG Everest Expedition I & II have reached the summit of Mount Everest this morning between 5-7:30 am (Nepal time): .
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ This is to notify that the following members of 2007 IMG Everest Expedition I & II have reached the summit of Mount Everest this morning 5-6:40 am: .
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ News from the street: If the children don't reach what they want by begging, they begin to throw stones to the tourists.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.Tenzing (a subject of the King of Nepal) was granted the George Medal by the UK. Hunt was ultimately made a life peer in Britain, while Hillary became a founding member of the Order of New Zealand.^ Nepal 67 from the USA 2 from South Africa 5 from the UK 5 from Canada 3 from Australia 1 from Poland 2 from Mexico 1 from Austria 1 from Switzerland 1 from Germany 9 from Singapore 3 from New Zealand 1 from Romania 2 from Bulgaria See the full list » .
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

First ascents without supplemental oxygen

.On 8 May 1978, Reinhold Messner (Italy) and Peter Habeler (Austria) made the first ascent without supplemental oxygen, using the southeast ridge route.^ The route from high camp at 8,300 meters climbs through the twisted and blocky yellow band and onto the crest of the ridge, just below the First Step.

^ Nepali K2 heroes bag a double together Pasang Lama and Chhiring Dorje Sherpa summitted Makalu and Lhotse together on May 2nd and 22nd without the use of supplemental oxygen.

^ First, there would be not enough space for three people in the small tent, secondly he wouldn't want to stay the night here without oxygen.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

[28][41] .On 20 August 1980, Messner reached the summit of the mountain solo for the first time, without supplementary oxygen or support, on the more difficult Northwest route via the North Col to the North Face and the Great Couloir.^ After that we would need only two more ascents: the first with a night at camp 1 and at camp 2, and the installation of camp 3; and the second ascent would include the summit attempt.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ First, there would be not enough space for three people in the small tent, secondly he wouldn't want to stay the night here without oxygen.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ First Ascent: Ed’s O2 “It was my goal and my desire to attempt my 7th Everest summit without supplementary O2,” Ed Viesturs reported.

.He climbed for three days entirely alone from his base camp at 6,500 metres (21,300 ft).^ Spent three days and two nights at Everest Base Camp.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ Rest day in Base Camp Rest day in base camp.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ ABC is high, 21,500 ft.

[28]

First Winter Ascent

.In 1980, a team from Poland led by Andrzej Zawada, Leszek Cichy, and Krzysztof Wielicki became the first to reach the summit during the winter season.^ The first IMG summit team (Andre, Mike Nixon, Benjamin, Dave Schlimme, Jim Waldron, Al) leaves Camp 2 tomorrow for Camp 3.
  • 2007 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 10 February 2010 11:13 UTC mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ It looks like we might have a decent window about the 11/12th, so tomorrow we are going to launch our first summit team, heading for the top.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Today was good weather, and a number of teams reached the summit.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

1996 disaster

.During the 1996 climbing season, fifteen people died trying to come down from the summit, making it the deadliest single year in Everest history.^ For every 6 people who summit Everest, 1 dies.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ The descent had been difficult and very cold, but it was also another memorable piece of the Everest experience and another page in my climbing history.

^ I agree with you wholeheartedly - the climbing realm had become a different beast, especially on Everest, in recent years.
  • Mount Everest is Man's Mental Achilles Heel - Blogcritics Culture 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC blogcritics.org [Source type: General]

Eight of them died on 11 May alone. .The disaster gained wide publicity and raised questions about the commercialization of Everest.^ No questions about Restaurant Mount Everest exists.
  • Restaurant Mount Everest | TripSay.com 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.tripsay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Journalist Jon Krakauer, on assignment from Outside magazine, was in one of the affected parties, and afterwards published the bestseller Into Thin Air, which related his experience.^ The one scene that stands out as being not boxed, wide-screen, full-scale, open-air and day-lit, is the scene in the square right outside (or was it inside?
  • SFMOMA | OPEN SPACE » Mount-Everest-of-modern-cinema 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC blog.sfmoma.org [Source type: General]

.Anatoli Boukreev, a guide who felt impugned by Krakauer's book, co-authored a rebuttal book called The Climb. The dispute sparked a large debate within the climbing community.^ Those who do not have a group can book a place in a so-called "international expedition", e.g.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Jean is a certified U.I.A.G.M. guide who has been climbing in the Alps for over 50 years.

.In May 2004, Kent Moore, a physicist, and John L. Semple, a surgeon, both researchers from the University of Toronto, told New Scientist magazine that an analysis of weather conditions on 11 May suggested that freak weather caused oxygen levels to plunge approximately 14%.^ We start to test our Oxygen levels in our blood, I come in at about 86%, which is great for 14,000’ but would put me in the Intensive Care Unit at Sea Level.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

[42][43]
.The storm's impact on climbers on the mountain's other side, the North Ridge, where several climbers also died, was detailed in a first hand account by British filmmaker and writer Matt Dickinson in his book The Other Side of Everest.^ Descending climbers performed several rescues on both sides of the mountain in a sudden storm.

^ This will be his second attempt on the North Ridge of Everest.

^ He had once been one the summit and several times on the north side of Everest.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

2005: Helicopter landing

.On 14 May 2005, pilot Didier Delsalle of France landed a Eurocopter AS 350 B3 helicopter on the summit of Mount Everest[44] (without any witness) and took off after about four minutes.^ He and Andrzej Marciniak successfully summitted Mount Everest on May 24, 1989.

^ At 9h15 on Saturday 23 May 2009, I stood on the summit of Lady Everest, man of tears.

^ On 21st may at 7:15 local time I (John), climbed to the top of the world and summitted Mt Everest at 8850m.

(His rotors were continually engaged, constituting a "hover landing", and avoiding the risks of relying on the snow to support the aircraft.) .He thereby set rotorcraft world records, for highest of both landing (de facto) and take-off (formally).^ It is light enough to allow us to climb without flashlights and we set off at a record breaking pace.

[45]
.Delsalle had also performed, two days earlier, a take-off from the South Col; some press reports suggested that the report of the summit landing was a misunderstanding of a South Col one.^ Thus we need at least two bottles for the summit day, so we each take one 3 liter and one 4 liter bottle.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Whereas Fifi has been reported as spending a leisurely night acclimatizing at the North Col before descending to BC for a rest prior to a summit push.

^ Higher up, Mingma Tenzing and Panuru are at C2 ready to go to the Col to begin fixing, along with two Himex and one AAI sherpas.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

[46]

2006: David Sharp controversy

.Double-amputee climber Mark Inglis revealed in an interview with the press on 23 May 2006,[47] that his climbing party, and many others, had passed a distressed climber, David Sharp, on 15 May, sheltering under a rock overhang 450 metres below the summit, without attempting a rescue.^ May - Day 60 - Day 1 of Summit Attempt 2.

^ May - Day 61 - Day 2 of Summit Attempt 2.

^ May 23 - Robby Summit Push .

The revelation sparked wide debate on climbing ethics, especially as applied to Everest. .The climbers who left him said that the rescue efforts would have been useless and only have caused more deaths.^ After that we would need only two more ascents: the first with a night at camp 1 and at camp 2, and the installation of camp 3; and the second ascent would include the summit attempt.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ First, I say to all of those who judge the climbers on the mountain that day: you can only judge if you have been at altitude on a climb.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ Five of the tents that stood there are said to be hardly more than the scrap value, and those who stayed the night in the intact tents had only held tight the tent instead of sleeping more than a minute.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.Much of this controversy was captured by the Discovery Channel while filming the television program Everest: Beyond the Limit.^ IMG's Everest on Discovery Channel See full episodes of Everest: Beyond the Limit featuring IMG's 2009 expedition » IMG climber's Everest summit rocks to go with moon rocks to the International Space Station » .
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ (See news article about the Discovery Channel following the IMG Everest Expedition » ) It will be fun to see the expedition on TV and see if they get it right!
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Discovery Channel Filming Team .
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

.A crucial decision affecting the fate of Sharp is shown in the program, where an early returning climber (Max Chaya) is descending and radios to his base camp manager (Russell Brice) that he has found a climber in distress.^ It was Leila , Wally Berg’s wife and our base camp manager on the Everest trip.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ Ang Jangbu in BC reports that the Singapore women's group did summit Lobuche Peak yesterday at around 11am and returned to Lobuche base camp safely.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ So, after returning back to Base Camp yesterday, it is good to know that the next time we go back down that trail will hopefully be on the way out , with the summit in hand.

.He is unable to identify Sharp, who had chosen to climb solo without any support and so did not identify himself to other climbers.^ Hans the Dutch leader who was attempting a solo without oxygen summit bid has also come down having pulled out at 8500m (27,888).

^ First, I say to all of those who judge the climbers on the mountain that day: you can only judge if you have been at altitude on a climb.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ They did another great job this year, and we truly could not have done it without their support.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

.The base camp manager assumes that Sharp is part of a group that has abandoned him, and informs his climber that there is no chance of him being able to help Sharp.^ Are there ANY plants or animals at Base Camp?

^ It was Leila , Wally Berg’s wife and our base camp manager on the Everest trip.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ Ang Jangbu in BC reports that the Singapore women's group did summit Lobuche Peak yesterday at around 11am and returned to Lobuche base camp safely.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

.As Sharp's condition deteriorates through the day and other descending climbers pass him, his opportunities for rescue diminish: his legs and feet curl from frostbite, preventing him from walking; the later descending climbers are lower on oxygen and lack the strength to offer aid; time runs out for any Sherpas to return and rescue him.^ Out "package" consisted of the above mentioned "basic package" with a total duration of 72 days from and to Kathmandu, and a Sherpa as high camp porter and two oxygen equipments.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ The rest of the day passed and the next day was a downhill maze back through the icefall and into the luxury of BC. .

^ Descending climbers performed several rescues on both sides of the mountain in a sudden storm.

.Most importantly, Sharp's decision to forgo all support leaves him with no margin for recovery.^ Thank you all for your most special messages, mails, support, encouragement and love, it means more than you will ever know.

.As this debate raged, on 26 May, Australian climber Lincoln Hall was found alive, after being declared dead the day before.^ May - Day 33 The climbers at the north col had a reasonable night although a little windy.

^ But there seems to be quite a number of people being fixed for May 16 as summit day.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ The trick of the day is managing to wash your hair with frozen shampoo and then somehow get the hair dry before it freezes and you may as well snap it off!

.He was found by a party of four climbers (Dan Mazur, Andrew Brash, Myles Osborne and Jangbu Sherpa) who, giving up their own summit attempt, stayed with Hall and descended with him and a party of 11 Sherpas sent up to carry him down.^ All the climbers and Sherpas are back up from down valley.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Twice Everest summiteer Yang Chunfeng (40) is teaming up with two yet undisclosed Pakistani climbers.

^ On the mountain our own sherpa team is consolidating camps and the Dutch have a man going for an early summit without oxygen.

Hall later fully recovered. .Similar actions have been recorded since, including on 21 May 2007, when Canadian climber Meagan McGrath initiated the successful high-altitude rescue of Nepali Usha Bista.^ IMG's Eric Simonson comments in an article on the health effects of high altitude » News Tribune: IMG climbers contribute to a record 2008 season on Everest » 31 Safe Everest Summits on the 2008 IMG Everest Expedition » Current Time in Nepal: .
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

2008: Summer Olympic torch summit

.Beginning in 2007, China paved a 130 km (81 mi) dirt road from Tingri County to Everest's Tibet base camp, at a reported cost of 150 million yuan (US$19.7 million), to accommodate growing numbers of climbers on the north side of the mountain.^ April 11, 2000 Everest base camp, Tibet .

^ Tony Kelly Advanced Base Camp - 6460m Everest 2000 - North Side .

^ Chris Warner Advanced Base Camp - 6460m Everest 2000 - North Side .

.Upon completion, China routed the 2008 Olympic Torch Relay over this road and to the summit of Everest, via the North Col route, on the way to the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.^ He has been to Everest 3x and has summited via the South Col in 1993.

^ He has twice summited Everest via the North Ridge.

^ From the North Col on, there is a huge snow banner on Everest, and the tent pole that suddenly fell onto the table in the dining tent was quite a surprise.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

[48] .A China Telecom cellular tower near the Base Camp provides phone coverage all the way to the summit.^ Tingri - Rongbuk - Base Camp On the way to the base camp .
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ They alternatingly support me, and so we make the way down to the base camp.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Ang Jangbu in BC reports that the Singapore women's group did summit Lobuche Peak yesterday at around 11am and returned to Lobuche base camp safely.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

[49]

Various records

.The youngest person to climb Mount Everest was Ming Kipa Sherpa, a 15-year-old Sherpa girl (via the northern side),[50] and the youngest non-Nepalese was 17-year-old Malibu resident Johnny Strange in May 2009.[51] Apa Sherpa holds the record for reaching the summit more times than any other person (19 times as of May 2009).^ May 15, 2009 .
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Close What's the point of climbing Mount Everest?
  • What's the point of climbing Mount Everest? | Open thread | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Mount Everest South Africa 2009 .

.The fastest ascent over the northeast ridge was accomplished in 2007 by Austrian climber Christian Stangl, who needed 16h 42min for the 10 km distance from Camp III to the summit, just barely beating Italian Hans Kammerlander's record of 17 hours, accomplished in 1996. Both men climbed alone and without supplementary oxygen.^ Russell and Mark will be at Camp 4 as we climb to the summit.

^ The route leads to the ramp and climbs to an amphitheatre and then passes through steep snow and ice runnel and finally, along the snow ridge to reach camp III. The summit from camp III requires steep climb on snow and ice to the right of a huge hanging glacier.

^ I had made a good team and climbed at similar speeds and managed to without planning or discussion, each do our share of camp chores.

.The fastest oxygen-supported ascent over the southeast ridge was Nepalese Pemba Dorjie Sherpa's 2004 climb, using 8h 10min for the 17 km route.^ The international climbing community can only offer our sincere thanks and sympathy to that sherpa community and give our direct support to the families involved.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Top Out Oxygen system : This is used from camp 3, initially at a low flow rate, then as we climb a higher flow rate may be used.

^ We used oxygen from 8200 m respectively 7800 m on, and our Sherpa brought tents, stoves and oxygen bottles to the high camps.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

The fastest ascent without supplementary oxygen over the southeast ridge was accomplished by French Marc Batard who reached the summit in 22h 30min in 1988.[52]
.The first descent on ski was accomplished in 2000 by Davo Karnicar.^ Two-time World Freeride/Extreme Skiing Champion Maegan Carney aims to be the first American and first woman to complete a ski descent of Mt.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

[53]
The oldest climber to successfully reach Mt. .Everest's summit is 76-year-old Min Bahadur Sherchan, who did so 25 May 2008 from the Nepal side.^ Everest since I was 7 years old.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ He and Andrzej Marciniak successfully summitted Mount Everest on May 24, 1989.

^ At 9h15 on Saturday 23 May 2009, I stood on the summit of Lady Everest, man of tears.

Sherchan beat the previous record set in 2007 by 71 year old Katsusuke Yanagisawa.[54]

Death zone

.At the higher regions of Mount Everest, climbers seeking the summit typically spend substantial time within the "death zone" (altitudes higher than 8,000 m/26,246 ft), and face significant challenges to survival.^ He and Andrzej Marciniak successfully summitted Mount Everest on May 24, 1989.

^ On 21st may at 7:15 local time I (John), climbed to the top of the world and summitted Mt Everest at 8850m.

^ May 29, 2009 Biggest tragedy of Polish climbers in Himalayas - Mount Everest Expedition 1989.

.Temperatures can dip to very low levels, resulting in frostbite of any body part exposed to the air.^ At temperatures between -20° and -30°C, this results in a considerable risk of frostbite.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

Since temperatures are so low, snow is well-frozen in certain areas and death by slipping and falling can also occur. .High winds at these altitudes on Everest are also a potential threat to climbers.^ We used bottled oxygen (like most other climbers, too), and we had a Sherpa working as a high altitude porter.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ The Dutch staggered into Camp 1 exhausted after a failed summit attempt due to high wind and one of their members suffering from HACE (high altitude cerebral edema).

^ By now you must know about the climber on Everest with severe altitude sickness up at 28,000’.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

.The atmospheric pressure at the top of Everest is about a third of sea level pressure, meaning there is about a third as much oxygen available to breathe as at sea level.^ Humans can survive much lower blood oxygen levels than thought 7 Jan 2009: Findings from blood samples taken on Everest expedition could help doctors treat intensive care patients more effectively .
  • What's the point of climbing Mount Everest? | Open thread | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ We start to test our Oxygen levels in our blood, I come in at about 86%, which is great for 14,000’ but would put me in the Intensive Care Unit at Sea Level.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ Climbing Mount Everest makes about as much sense as does bothering to comment on this thread.
  • What's the point of climbing Mount Everest? | Open thread | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

[55]
.In May 2007, the Caudwell Xtreme Everest undertook a medical study of oxygen levels in human blood at extreme altitude.^ Humans can survive much lower blood oxygen levels than thought 7 Jan 2009: Findings from blood samples taken on Everest expedition could help doctors treat intensive care patients more effectively .
  • What's the point of climbing Mount Everest? | Open thread | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

.Over 200 volunteers climbed to Everest Base Camp where various medical tests were performed to examine blood oxygen levels.^ Jangbu here at Everest Base Camp !
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Humans can survive much lower blood oxygen levels than thought 7 Jan 2009: Findings from blood samples taken on Everest expedition could help doctors treat intensive care patients more effectively .
  • What's the point of climbing Mount Everest? | Open thread | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ We start to test our Oxygen levels in our blood, I come in at about 86%, which is great for 14,000’ but would put me in the Intensive Care Unit at Sea Level.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

.A small team also performed tests on the way to the summit.^ Eric Simonson just phoned in from Everest to let us know that our first summit team has successfully reached the summit and is now on their way down.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

[56]
.Even at base camp the low level of available oxygen had direct effect on blood oxygen saturation levels.^ We start to test our Oxygen levels in our blood, I come in at about 86%, which is great for 14,000’ but would put me in the Intensive Care Unit at Sea Level.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ Additional oxygen increases the oxygen saturation in the blood and thus decreases the danger of frostbite in hands and feet.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Top Out Oxygen system : This is used from camp 3, initially at a low flow rate, then as we climb a higher flow rate may be used.

.At sea level these are usually 98% to 99%, but at base camp this fell to between 85% and 87%.^ Between ABC and base camp there is no contact even with the "real" instruments - it is too far and there are too many mountains in the way.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Food in base camp respectively in ABC was usually sufficient.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ These flights were met on arrival by our sirdar, Ang Pasang, and his crew, and sent toward Base Camp by yaks.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

.Blood samples taken at the summit indicated very low levels of oxygen present.^ Humans can survive much lower blood oxygen levels than thought 7 Jan 2009: Findings from blood samples taken on Everest expedition could help doctors treat intensive care patients more effectively .
  • What's the point of climbing Mount Everest? | Open thread | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ We start to test our Oxygen levels in our blood, I come in at about 86%, which is great for 14,000’ but would put me in the Intensive Care Unit at Sea Level.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ Base Camp is not low enough to recover from Altitude Sickness since it is at 18,000’ and there is exactly 1/2 the oxygen in the air than at sea level.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

A side effect of this is a vastly increased breathing rate, from 20-30 breaths per minute to 80-90 breaths, leading to exhaustion just trying to breathe.[citation needed]
.Lack of oxygen, exhaustion, extreme cold, and the dangers of the climb all contribute to the death toll.^ The storms, the dangers, the lack of oxygen and the personality clashes all conspire to keep you from summiting.

.A person who is injured so he can't walk himself is in serious trouble since it is often extremely risky to try to carry someone out, and generally impractical to use a helicopter.^ In walks Reinhold, a borderline who (to use jargon) evacuates everything bad about himself into the object of his desire.
  • SFMOMA | OPEN SPACE » Mount-Everest-of-modern-cinema 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC blog.sfmoma.org [Source type: General]

^ We will be using oxygen to sleep on at 7900m (25,920 ft) and for climbing from 8300m with the exception of Jean who is attempting to be the oldest person to climb the mountain at 62.

^ If you're on a business trip and want to go for a run or a walk, then you could try out running around the Töölö bay.
  • Restaurant Mount Everest | TripSay.com 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.tripsay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.People who die during the climb are typically left behind.^ Who falls asleep in the middle of climbing a mountain: not a lot of people.
  • SFMOMA | OPEN SPACE » Mount-Everest-of-modern-cinema 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC blog.sfmoma.org [Source type: General]

About 150 bodies have never been recovered. It is not uncommon to find corpses near the standard climbing routes.[57]

Using bottled oxygen

Northern panoramic view of Everest from Tibetan Plateau
.Most expeditions use oxygen masks and tanks above 8,000 m (26,246 ft).^ He will be using oxygen from the north col at 7010m (23,000 ft).

^ We used bottled oxygen (like most other climbers, too), and we had a Sherpa working as a high altitude porter.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ We will be using oxygen to sleep on at 7900m (25,920 ft) and for climbing from 8300m with the exception of Jean who is attempting to be the oldest person to climb the mountain at 62.

[58] .Everest can be climbed without supplementary oxygen, but this increases the risk to the climber.^ It is proved that Mount Everest can be climbed without additional oxygen.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ We know that the winds are high and rumor has it that most of today's hopeful summiters are climbing without oxygen.

^ So I climbed the Second Step practically without additional oxygen.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

Humans do not think clearly with low oxygen, and the combination of extreme weather, low temperatures, and steep slopes often require quick, accurate decisions.
.The use of bottled oxygen to ascend Mount Everest has been controversial.^ We used oxygen from 8200 m respectively 7800 m on, and our Sherpa brought tents, stoves and oxygen bottles to the high camps.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ It is proved that Mount Everest can be climbed without additional oxygen.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ We used bottled oxygen (like most other climbers, too), and we had a Sherpa working as a high altitude porter.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.George Mallory himself described the use of such oxygen as unsportsmanlike, but he later concluded that it would be impossible to summit without it and consequently used it.^ First, there would be not enough space for three people in the small tent, secondly he wouldn't want to stay the night here without oxygen.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ This morning was a briefing by Russ for the summit bid teams on preparation work and kit and also a rerun and practice session with the oxygen breathing equipment we will use above 8300m.

^ C2 was a larger camp as it would play an important role in our summit bid later in the expedition.

[59] .When Tenzing and Hillary made the first successful summit in 1953, they used bottled oxygen.^ Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay successfully ascended the South Col route in 1953.

^ It is envisaged that we will use 5 bottles in total during our summit bid, at R5000 ($500) each, it is an expensive commodity.

^ This morning was a briefing by Russ for the summit bid teams on preparation work and kit and also a rerun and practice session with the oxygen breathing equipment we will use above 8300m.

.For the next twenty-five years, bottled oxygen was considered standard for any successful summit.^ Looking at the accident statistics especially of the successful summiters without additional oxygen who have an accident on the way back, this really makes you think.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Hopefully this year he will be able to conclude his seven summits quest with a successful climb of Everest.

^ Lahkpa Nuru,swapped my oxygen bottles and we moved up the ridge a little closer to the South Summit.

.Reinhold Messner was the first climber to break the bottled oxygen tradition and in 1978, with Peter Habeler, made the first successful climb without it.^ I had made a good team and climbed at similar speeds and managed to without planning or discussion, each do our share of camp chores.

^ First, I say to all of those who judge the climbers on the mountain that day: you can only judge if you have been at altitude on a climb.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ We know that the winds are high and rumor has it that most of today's hopeful summiters are climbing without oxygen.

Although critics alleged that he sucked mini-bottles of oxygen - a claim that Messner denied - Messner silenced them when he summited the mountain solo, without supplemental oxygen or any porters or climbing partners, on the more difficult northwest route, in 1980.
The aftermath of the 1996 disaster further intensified the debate. .Jon Krakauer's Into Thin Air (1997) expressed the author's personal criticisms of the use of bottled oxygen.^ We used oxygen from 8200 m respectively 7800 m on, and our Sherpa brought tents, stoves and oxygen bottles to the high camps.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ We used bottled oxygen (like most other climbers, too), and we had a Sherpa working as a high altitude porter.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Since then every member must carry an oxygen bottle, everyone has a personal Sherpa following with his personal baggage.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.Krakauer wrote that the use of bottled oxygen allowed otherwise unqualified climbers to attempt to summit, leading to dangerous situations and more deaths.^ So, why do more than 90% of the summiters use the bottles?
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ After that we would need only two more ascents: the first with a night at camp 1 and at camp 2, and the installation of camp 3; and the second ascent would include the summit attempt.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ It is envisaged that we will use 5 bottles in total during our summit bid, at R5000 ($500) each, it is an expensive commodity.

.The 11 May 1996 disaster was partially caused by the sheer number of climbers (34 on that day) attempting to ascend, causing bottlenecks at the Hillary Step and delaying many climbers, most of whom summited after the usual 2 p.m.^ On summit day, each climber will have 1 "guardian angel" each to the summit and back.

^ But, in most years this time of less wind indeed exists, and it usually comes between May 10 and May 25.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ As this day was quite a lot of work - remember that camp 2 is higher than most of the summits around - we continue to ABC in order to relax there.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

turnaround time. .He proposed banning bottled oxygen except for emergency cases, arguing that this would both decrease the growing pollution on Everest—many bottles have accumulated on its slopes—and keep marginally qualified climbers off the mountain.^ Everest Check out Part I of my three part interview with mountain climber Garry Porter.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ The presence of Sherpas high on the mountain is absolutely crucial in case of an emergency.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ A train of yaks and a handful of porters carried a few climber's hopes off the mountain yesterday.

.The 1996 disaster also introduced the issue of the guide's role in using bottled oxygen.^ We used oxygen from 8200 m respectively 7800 m on, and our Sherpa brought tents, stoves and oxygen bottles to the high camps.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ We used bottled oxygen (like most other climbers, too), and we had a Sherpa working as a high altitude porter.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Sirdar – Head sherpa dude, not related to Darth Vader O’s – Bottled oxygen used above 8000m.

[60] .Guide Anatoli Boukreev's decision not to use bottled oxygen was sharply criticized by Jon Krakauer.^ We used oxygen from 8200 m respectively 7800 m on, and our Sherpa brought tents, stoves and oxygen bottles to the high camps.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ We used bottled oxygen (like most other climbers, too), and we had a Sherpa working as a high altitude porter.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Sirdar – Head sherpa dude, not related to Darth Vader O’s – Bottled oxygen used above 8000m.

.Boukreev's supporters (who include G. Weston DeWalt, who co-wrote The Climb) state that using bottled oxygen gives a false sense of security.^ Top Out Oxygen system : This is used from camp 3, initially at a low flow rate, then as we climb a higher flow rate may be used.

^ We used oxygen from 8200 m respectively 7800 m on, and our Sherpa brought tents, stoves and oxygen bottles to the high camps.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ We wanted to keep the option of additional oxygen and decide in camp 3 depending on the situation who would go with and who would go without bottles.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

[61] .Krakauer and his supporters point out that, without bottled oxygen, Boukreev was unable to directly help his clients descend.^ Hans the Dutch leader who was attempting a solo without oxygen summit bid has also come down having pulled out at 8500m (27,888).

^ Today we sorted out over 150 bottles of oxygen, checked the tank pressures, and these cylinders will start moving up the hill starting tomorrow.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ We wanted to keep the option of additional oxygen and decide in camp 3 depending on the situation who would go with and who would go without bottles.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

[62] .They state that Boukreev said that he was going down with client Martin Adams,[62] but just below the South Summit, Boukreev determines that Adams was doing fine on the descent and so descends at a faster pace, leaving Adams behind.^ So if she is going to summit and ski down, she will just have to forget the odds and go for it.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ Rumor has it that they are trying to beat all the climbers, including those on the south side, to the summit.

^ So, after returning back to Base Camp yesterday, it is good to know that the next time we go back down that trail will hopefully be on the way out , with the summit in hand.

.Adams states in The Climb: "For me, it was business as usual, Anatoli's going by, and I had no problems with that."^ A day of 2 halves - no wind and clear blue skies heralded a hot climb with down suits rolled around waists a real problem with dehydration.

^ As you can imagine, there were no toilets, so if you HAD to go, you did your business in a bag and carried it down the mountain!

^ In that state there was no way I could climb.

[63]
2004 photo mosaic the Himalayas with Makalu and Mount Everest from the International Space Station, Expedition 8.

Thefts and other crimes

Some climbers have reported life-threatening thefts from supply caches. .Vitor Negrete, the first Brazilian to climb Everest without oxygen and part of David Sharp's party, died during his descent, and theft from his high-altitude camp may have contributed.^ It is proved that Mount Everest can be climbed without additional oxygen.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ David Sharp story and the commercialization of Everest.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ First, there would be not enough space for three people in the small tent, secondly he wouldn't want to stay the night here without oxygen.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

[64]
.In addition to theft, the 2008 book High Crimes by Michael Kodas describes unethical guides and Sherpas, prostitution and gambling at the Tibet Base Camp, fraud related to the sale of oxygen bottles, and climbers collecting donations under the pretense of removing trash from the mountain.^ Non-guided Climbers (with Personal Sherpa) .
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition to those listed above, there are 5 folks trekking with us to base camp.

^ The Sherpas, Russell Brice and Mark Whetu, had left Tingri early on the morning of the 7th for base camp.

[65]

Flora and fauna

Euophrys omnisuperstes, a minute black jumping spider, has been found at elevations as high as 6,700 metres (22,000 ft), possibly making it the highest confirmed non-microscopic permanent resident on Earth. .It lurks in crevices and may feed on frozen insects that have been blown there by the wind.^ The good news is the winds should be light, however there may be some snow.

.It should be noted that there is a high likelihood of microscopic life at even higher altitudes.^ This evening, a cook with a Japanese expedition needs treatment in our Gammow bag to counter the effects of HAPE (high altitude pulmonary oedema).

[66] .Birds, such as the Bar-headed Goose, have been seen flying at the higher altitudes of the mountain, while others, such as the Chough, have been spotted as high as the South Col (7,920 m)[67] scavenging on food, or even corpses, left by prior climbing expeditions.^ As the expedition proceeds it becomes apparent that most other expeditions recognize that the Himalayan Experience infrastructure for communications, safety and medical cover is the best there is on the mountain.

^ Not to be outdone, Tony now has an infected little finger on his other hand and Andy is rapidly becoming the most expert medic in high altitude finger injuries.

^ They meet with climbing and trekking expeditions to better prepare them for altitude issues and other potential mountaineering health issues.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

Geology

The last rays of sunlight on Mount Everest on 5 May 2007
.Geologists have subdivided the rocks comprising Mount Everest into three units called "formations".[68][69] Each of these formations are separated from each other by low-angle faults, called “detachments”, along which they have been thrust over each other.^ Very impressive snow and ice formations, and now there is no more questions why the Fantasy Ridge is the last unclimbed crest at Mount Everest.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ After the dust settled, they looked for some other climbers that had been nearby them, and noted that three of them were missing.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ A few more interesting things: The yak men and Everest veterans are calling this the coldest and highest precipitation season they've ever seen.

.From the summit of Mount Everest to its base these rock units are the Qomolangma Formation, the North Col Formation, and the Rongbuk Formation.^ From the North Col on, there is a huge snow banner on Everest, and the tent pole that suddenly fell onto the table in the dining tent was quite a surprise.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Whereas Fifi has been reported as spending a leisurely night acclimatizing at the North Col before descending to BC for a rest prior to a summit push.

^ As we flew further north the whole of the North-Northeast Ridge of Everest and then the North Col and North Ridge came into view.

.From its summit to the top of the Yellow Band, about 8,600 m (28,000 ft) above sea level, the top of Mount Everest consists of the Qomolangma Formation, which has also been designated as either the Everest Formation or Jolmo Lungama Formation.^ We start to test our Oxygen levels in our blood, I come in at about 86%, which is great for 14,000’ but would put me in the Intensive Care Unit at Sea Level.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ On 21st may at 7:15 local time I (John), climbed to the top of the world and summitted Mt Everest at 8850m.

^ Climbing Mount Everest makes about as much sense as does bothering to comment on this thread.
  • What's the point of climbing Mount Everest? | Open thread | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

It consists of grayish to dark gray or white, parallel laminated and bedded, Ordovician limestone interlayered with subordinate beds of recrystallized dolomite with argillaceous laminae and siltstone. Gansser first reported finding microscopic fragments of crinoids in these limestones.[70] Later petrographic analysis of samples of the limestones from near the summit revealed them to be composed of carbonate pellets and finely fragmented remains of trilobites, crinoids, and ostracods. Other samples were so badly sheared and recrystallized that their original constituents could not be determined. .A thick, white-weathering thrombolite bed that is 60 m (200 ft) thick comprises the foot of the "Third Step," and base of the summit pyramid of Everest.^ We could see every bit of our route, from the Rongbuk Glacier to the North Col and upwards to the First, Second and Third Steps and finally to the summit snow pyramid.

^ Wally has summited about 6 or 7 times and was the guy who took the GPS up in 1989 and they reevaluated Everest's height based on his readings.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

^ April 8, 2000 Everest Base Camp Tibet 17,200 ft.

.This bed, which crops out starting about 70 m (300 ft) below the summit of Mount Everest, consists of sediments trapped, bound, and cemented by the biofilms of microorganisms, especially cyanobacteria, in shallow marine waters.^ Truth be told, Summit day on Everest starts from C3 as you do not really sleep or recover at C4, at 8000m it is simply to high.

^ Finland wrote about Restaurant Mount Everest one year, 5 months ago .
  • Restaurant Mount Everest | TripSay.com 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.tripsay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wally has summited about 6 or 7 times and was the guy who took the GPS up in 1989 and they reevaluated Everest's height based on his readings.
  • Stephen Forte`s Blog - Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.stephenforte.net [Source type: General]

.The Qomolangma Formation is broken up by several high-angle faults that terminate at the low angle thrust fault, the Qomolangma Detachment.^ There is a scale, in which sections down low get a lower rate then those up high.

This detachment separates it from the underlying Yellow Band. The lower five metres of the Qomolangma Formation overlying this detachment are very highly deformed.[68][69][71].
.The bulk of Mount Everest, between 7,000 and 8,600 m (23,000 and 28,200 ft), consists of the North Col Formation, of which the Yellow Band forms its upper part between 8,200 to 8,600 m (26,900 to 28,200 ft).^ From Camp 1 (23,000 ft.

^ He will be using oxygen from the north col at 7010m (23,000 ft).

^ From the North Col on, there is a huge snow banner on Everest, and the tent pole that suddenly fell onto the table in the dining tent was quite a surprise.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

The Yellow Band consists of intercalated beds of Middle Cambrian diopside-epidote-bearing marble, which weathers a distinctive yellowish brown, and muscovite-biotite phyllite and semischist. Petrographic analysis of marble collected from about 8,300 m (27,200 ft) found it to consist as much as five percent of the ghosts of recrystallized crinoid ossicles. .The upper five metres of the Yellow Band lying adjacent to the Qomolangma Detachment is badly deformed.^ IMG sherpas Nima Nuru and Karma Serki joined five sherpas from other teams today to push the ropes to the bottom of the Yellow Band.
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

A 5–40 cm (2–16 in) thick fault breccia separates it from the overlying Qomolangma Formation.[68][69][71]
.The remainder of the North Col Formation, exposed between 7,000 to 8,200 m (23,000 to 26,900 ft) on Mount Everest, consists of interlayered and deformed schist, phyllite, and minor marble.^ From Camp 1 (23,000 ft.

^ He will be using oxygen from the north col at 7010m (23,000 ft).

^ From the North Col on, there is a huge snow banner on Everest, and the tent pole that suddenly fell onto the table in the dining tent was quite a surprise.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

.Between 7,600 and 8,200 m (24,900 and 26,900 ft), the North Col Formation consists chiefly of biotite-quartz phyllite and chlorite-biotite phyllite intercalated with minor amounts of biotite-sericite-quartz schist.^ The '24 expedition had a telegraph set up between the North Col and ABC and occasionally sections of the wire appear lower down the glacier.

^ We all arrived at the North Col by 1 pm, taking between 2.5 hours and 5.5 hours.

^ He will be using oxygen from the north col at 7010m (23,000 ft).

.Between 7,000 and 7,600 m (23,000 and 24,900 ft), the lower part of the North Col Formation consists of biotite-quartz schist intercalated with epidote-quartz schist, biotite-calcite-quartz schist, and thin layers of quartzose marble.^ From Camp 1 (23,000 ft.

^ He will be using oxygen from the north col at 7010m (23,000 ft).

^ North Col - lower camp 2 - North Col - ABC The weather is not perfect, but with only a little wind.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

These metamorphic rocks appear to the result of the metamorphism of late Middle Cambrian deep sea flysch composed of interbedded, mudstone, shale, clayey sandstone, calcareous sandstone, graywacke, and sandy limestone. The base of the North Col Formation is a regional thrust fault called the "Lhotse detachment".[68][69][71]
.Below 7,000 m (23,000 ft), the Rongbuk Formation underlies the North Col Formation and forms the base of Mount Everest.^ From Camp 1 (23,000 ft.

^ He will be using oxygen from the north col at 7010m (23,000 ft).

^ From the North Col on, there is a huge snow banner on Everest, and the tent pole that suddenly fell onto the table in the dining tent was quite a surprise.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

It consists of sillminite-K-feldspar grade schist and gneiss intruded by numerous sills and dikes of leucogranite ranging in thickness from 1 cm to 1,500 m (0.4 in to 4,900 ft).[69][72]

See also

Bibliography

.
  • American Alpine Journal, 2005, p. 393.
  • Hillary, Edmund, High Adventure, London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1953.
  • Irving, R. L. G., Ten Great Mountains.^ Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay successfully ascended the South Col route in 1953.

    London, J. M. Dent & Sons, 1940.[73]
  • Murray, W. H., The Story of Everest, 1921-1952, London, J. M. Dent & Sons, 1953.
  • Newby, Eric, A Short Walk in the Hindu Kush, London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1958.
  • Tilman, H. W., Nepal Himalaya, Cambridge University Press, 1952.

References

  1. ^ Based on elevation of snow cap, not rock head. For more details, see Measurement.
  2. ^ The position of the summit of Everest on the international border is clearly shown on detailed topographic mapping, including official Nepalese mapping.
  3. ^ The WGS84 coordinates given here were calculated using detailed topographic mapping and are in agreement with adventurestats. They are unlikely to be in error by more than 2". Coordinates showing Everest to be more than a minute further east that appeared on this page until recently, and still appear in Wikipedia in several other languages, are incorrect.
  4. ^ Full list of all ascents of Everest up to and including 2008 (in pdf format)
  5. ^ "National Geographic Adventure Magazine: Ask Adventure--Tips". National Geographic Society. May 2005. http://www.nationalgeographic.com/adventure/0305/expert_everest.html. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  6. ^ Haywood, Ben. "Ethics of Everest". The Age Education. http://www.education.theage.com.au/pagedetail.asp?intpageid=1652&strsection=students&intsectionid=0. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h Peter Gillman, ed (1993). Everest - The Best Writing and Pictures from Seventy Years of Human Endeavour. Little, Brown and Company. pp. 10–13. ISBN 0-316-90489-3. 
  8. ^ "The man who 'discovered' Everest". BBC News. 2003-10-20. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/3193576.stm. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  9. ^ Letters to the Editor, The American Statistician, Vol. 36, No. 1 (Feb., 1982), pp. 64-67 JSTOR
  10. ^ (India and China). The Times. Sat, 4 October 1856. Issue 22490, col B, p. 8.
  11. ^ "Papers relating to the Himalaya and Mount Everest", Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of London, no.IX pp.345-351, April-May 1857.
  12. ^ "Mount Everest." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 22 Jul. 2009. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Mount Everest>.
  13. ^ Claypole, Jonty (Director); Kunzru, Hari (Presenter). (2003). Mapping Everest. [TV Documentary]. London: BBC Television. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0074phg. 
  14. ^ "Mt. Everest 1857". harappa.com. http://www.harappa.com/engr/darjeeling.html#everest. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  15. ^ L. A. Waddell, "The Environs and Native Names of Mount Everest," The Geographical Journal, Vol. 12, No. 6 (Dec. 1898), pp. 564-569. Available at JSTOR.
  16. ^ Unsworth, Walt (2000). Everest - The Mountaineering History (3rd ed.). Bâton Wicks. pp. 584. ISBN 978-1898573401. 
  17. ^ "No Longer Everest but Mount Qomolangma". People's Daily Online. 2002-11-20. http://english.people.com.cn/200211/19/eng20021119_107017.shtml. Retrieved 2005-06-09. 
  18. ^ "China says Mount Qomolangma stands at 8844.43". Xinhua online. Xinhua News Agency. 2005-10-09. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2005-10/09/content_3597013.htm. Retrieved 2007-04-01. 
  19. ^ a b "Everest not as tall as thought". News in Science. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2005-10-05. http://www.abc.net.au/science/news/enviro/EnviroRepublish_1478658.htm. Retrieved 2007-04-01. 
  20. ^ a b "Elevation of Mount Everest newly defined". Swiss Foundation for Alpine Research. 1999-11-12. http://www.alpineresearch.ch/alpine/en/presse1.html. Retrieved 2007-04-01. 
  21. ^ "Country Profile". Government of Nepal. 2001. http://www.nepalgov.gov.np/countryprofile.php. Retrieved 2007-04-01. 
  22. ^ a b Mount Everest (1:50,000 scale map), prepared under the direction of Bradford Washburn for the Boston Museum of Science, the Swiss Foundation for Alpine Research, and the National Geographic Society, 1991, ISBN 3-85515-105-9
  23. ^ "Roof of the World". National Geographic Society. 1999. http://www.nationalgeographic.com/features/99/everest/roof_content.html. Retrieved 2007-04-01. 
  24. ^ "Everest: Plate Tectonics". Museum of Science. 1998. http://www.mos.org/Everest/exhibit/platetectonics.htm. Retrieved 2007-04-01.  Now hosted at the Internet Archive at the Internet Archive
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  26. ^ a b The "base" of a mountain is a problematic notion in general with no universally accepted definition. However for a peak rising out of relatively flat terrain, such as Mauna Kea or Denali, an approximate height above "base" can be calculated. For Everest the situation is more complicated, since it only rises above relatively flat terrain on its north (Tibetan Plateau) side. Hence the concept of "base" has even less meaning for Everest than for Mauna Kea or Denali, and the range of numbers for "height above base" is wider. In general, comparisons based on "height above base" are somewhat suspect.
  27. ^ "NOVA Online: Surviving Denali, The Mission". NOVA. Public Broadcasting Corporation. 2000. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/denali/expedition/mission.html. Retrieved 2007-06-07. 
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  29. ^ Thompson, Kalee (2003-04-02). "Everest Time Line: 80 Years of Triumph and Tragedy". National Geographic Society. http://news.nationalgeographic.com//news/2003/04/0401_030401_everesttimeline.html. Retrieved 2008-03-28. 
  30. ^ "Climbing Mount Everest". The New York Times. 1997-05-19. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E01EFDD1E38F93AA25756C0A961958260. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
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  34. ^ "The Way to the Summit (North)". NOVA Online. Public Broadcasting Corporation. 2000. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/everest/climb/waytosummitnor.html. Retrieved 2008-03-28. 
  35. ^ William Buxton (2008-04-12). "From First Sight to Summit: A Guide to the Literature on Everest up to the 1953 Ascent" (PDF). http://www.billbuxton.com/everest.pdf. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  36. ^ "Aeroplane expeditions to Everest". flymicro.com. http://www.flymicro.com/everest/index.cfm?page=docs%2FHistory%2FAeroplanes.htm. 
  37. ^ "Wings Over Everest 2003". K2 News. 2002. http://www.k2news.com/wingsover.htm. 
  38. ^ "Everest History Time Line". Everest History.com. 2003. http://www.everesthistory.com/time3.htm. 
  39. ^ "Tenzing Norgay GM". http://imagingeverest.rgs.org/Concepts/Virtual_Everest/-116.html. Retrieved 2007-06-21. 
  40. ^ Tenzing Norgay and James Ramsey Ullman, Man of Everest (1955, also published as Tiger of the Snows)
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  43. ^ Peplow, Mark (2004-05-25). "High winds suck oxygen from Everest Predicting pressure lows could protect climbers.". BioEd Online. http://www.bioedonline.org/news/news.cfm?art=986. Retrieved 2006-12-11. "Moore explains that these jet streaks can drag a huge draught of air up the side of the mountain, lowering the air pressure. He calculates that this typically reduces the partial pressure of oxygen in the air by about 6%, which translates to a 14% reduction in oxygen uptake for the climbers. Air at that altitude already contains only one third as much oxygen as sea-level air." 
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  53. ^ "Everest only complete ski descent flashback: Davo Karnicar’s non-stop ride". June 28, 2006. http://www.mounteverest.net/news.php?id=10110. Retrieved 30 November 2009. 
  54. ^ Associated Press (2008-05-25). "76-year-old breaks Everest record". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/asiapcf/05/25/everest.old.ap/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  55. ^ "Online high altitude oxygen calculator". altitude.org. http://www.altitude.org/calculators/airpressure.htm. Retrieved 2007-08-15. 
  56. ^ "Everest 2007". Caudwell Xtreme Everest 2007. http://www.xtreme-everest.co.uk/news_detail.php?article=196. Retrieved 2008-03-28. 
  57. ^ "The deadly business of climbing Everest". The Age. 2006-06-03. http://www.theage.com.au/news/world/the-deadly-business-of-climbing-everest/2006/06/02/1148956544080.html?page=fullpage#contentSwap2. 
  58. ^ "Chamber of Horrors: The Oxygen Mask". MountainZone.com. 1998-05-21. http://classic.mountainzone.com/everest/98/climb5-21oxygen.html. Retrieved 2007-04-01. 
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  60. ^ The debate between G. Weston DeWalt and Jon Krakauer on bottled oxygen and Boukreev's actions can be found in the Salon debates
  61. ^ "On top of the world - Acclimatisation". GlaxoSmithKline. http://www.gsk.com/people/mogens/acclimatisation.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  62. ^ a b Coming Down page 3 DWIGHT GARNER salon.com 1998 August
  63. ^ Boukreev, Anatoli; DeWalt, Weston (1998). The Climb. St. Martins Paperbacks. pp. 182. ISBN 0-312-96533-8. 
  64. ^ Mounteverest.net article. See also second article.
  65. ^ Go Sell It on the Mountain, Mother Jones, 1 February 2008
  66. ^ Wanless, F.R. (1975). Spiders of the family Salticidae from the upper slopes of Everest and Makalu. British Arachnological Society. http://www.britishspiders.org.uk/. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  67. ^ The Ascent of Everest by John Hunt (Hodder & Stoughton, 1953). In chapter 14, Hunt describes seeing a Chough on the South Col; meanwhile Charles Evans saw some unidentified birds fly over the Col,
  68. ^ a b c d Yin, C.-H. and Kuo, S.-T. 1978: "Stratigraphy of the Mount Jolmo Lungma and its north slope." Scientia Sinica. v. 5, pp. 630-644
  69. ^ a b c d e Sakai, H., M. Sawada,Y. Takigami, Y. Orihashi, T. Danhara, H. Iwano, Y. Kuwahara, Q. Dong, H. Cai, and J. Li. 2005. "Geology of the summit limestone of Mount Qomolangma (Everest) and cooling history of the Yellow Band under the Qomolangma detachment." Island Arc. v. 14 no. 4 pp. 297-310.
  70. ^ Gansser, A.1964.Geology of the Himalayas, John Wiley Interscience, London, 1964 289 pp.
  71. ^ a b c Myrow, P. M., N. C. Hughes, M. P. Searle, C. M. Fanning, S.-C. Peng, and S. K. Parcha, 2009, Stratigraphic correlation of Cambrian Ordovician deposits along the Himalaya: Implications for the age and nature of rocks in the Mount Everest region. Geological Society of America Bulletin. v. 121, no. 3-4, pp. 323-332.
  72. ^ Searle, M. P. 1999. Emplacement of Himalayan leucogranites by magma injection along giant sill complexes: examples from the Cho Oyu, Gyachung Kang and Everest leucogranites (Nepal Himalaya). Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. v. 17, no. 5-6, pp. 773-783.
  73. ^ The climbing history up to 1939 of Snowdon, Ben Nevis, Ushba, Mount Logan, Everest, Nanga Parbat, Kanchenjunga, the Matterhorn, Mount Cook and Mont Blanc.

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.
Here is a mountain, most probably the highest in the world...
^ Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
  • Climb Mount Everest 2010 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.globalvolunteernetwork.org [Source type: General]
  • Everest Trekking - Everest Region Trek 2010 / 2011 / 2012 - Nepal Visitors 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.nepalvisitors.com [Source type: General]
  • adjective clauses and adjectives --Today's Free English Lesson onMyEnglishTeacher.net 20 November 2009 6:37 UTC www.myenglishteacher.net [Source type: General]

^ But here is a mountain, most probably the highest in the world, without any local name that we can discover, whose native appellation, if it has any, will not very likely be ascertained before we are allowed to penetrate into Nepal.… In the meantime the privilege as well as the duty devolves on me to assign…a name whereby it may be known among citizens and geographers and become a household word among civilized nations.

^ Everest is the highest mountain in the world, with a summit altitude of 28,028 feet (8,550 meters) above sea level.
  • history5 20 November 2009 6:37 UTC www.qsl.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

~ Andrew Waugh
A symmetrical, beautiful snow cone summit. ~ Sir Edmund Hillary
.Mount Everest or Qomolangma or Sagarmatha or Chomolungma pronounced as (Jongmalunga) is the highest mountain on Earth, as measured by the height of its summit above sea level.^ Mount Everest Chomolungma (8850 m) .
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Mount Everest, which is the highest mountain in the world, is very dangerous to climb.
  • adjective clauses and adjectives --Today's Free English Lesson onMyEnglishTeacher.net 20 November 2009 6:37 UTC www.myenglishteacher.net [Source type: General]

^ Mount Everest or Chomolungma is the highest point on Earth , as measured by the height of its summit above sea level.

.The mountain, which is part of the Himalaya range in High Asia, is located on the border between Nepal and China.^ Part of the Himalayan Mountain Range – it straddles the border of Nepal and Tibet.

^ The border of Nepal and Tibet (China) straddles the mountain.

^ A: It is located on the border between Nepal and Tibet (now part of China).

There is a river that runs through the Himalayas which is at sea level, making it possible to see almost every climate in the world, starting at sea level and working its way up to the top of the worlds highest mountain: Mount Everest

Sourced

.

Unsourced

.
  • I was taught by my respected chief and predecessor, Colonel Sir George Everest to assign to every geographical object its true local or native appellation.^ Everest to assign to every geographical object its true local or native appellation.

    ^ With both Nepal and Tibet closed to foreign travel, he wrote: …I was taught by my respected chief and predecessor, Colonel Sir Geo.

    ^ Without that, he named it for his predecessor, Sir George Everest.
    • Everest : Expeditions : First Ascent 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.eddiebauer.com [Source type: General]

    .But here is a mountain, most probably the highest in the world, without any local name that we can discover, whose native appellation, if it has any, will not very likely be ascertained before we are allowed to penetrate into Nepal.^ Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.

    ^ But here is a mountain, most probably the highest in the world, without any local name that we can discover, whose native appellation, if it has any, will not very likely be ascertained before we are allowed to penetrate into Nepal.… In the meantime the privilege as well as the duty devolves on me to assign…a name whereby it may be known among citizens and geographers and become a household word among civilized nations.

    ^ Highest mountain of the world - Mount Everest in Nepal.
    • Mount everest Stock Photo Images. 238 Mount everest royalty free images and photography available to buy from over 100 stock photo companies. 22 September 2009 23:33 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

    In the meantime the privilege as well as the duty devolves on me to assign… a name whereby it may be known among citizens and geographers and become a household word among civilized nations

External Links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Everest article)

From Wikitravel

.Mount Everest is the world's tallest mountain.^ Images from the Nepal trek to Everest base camp by IMG guide Jake Norton ( Mountain World Productions ) .
  • 2009 Mt. Everest Expedition Coverage with International Mountain Guides 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainguides.com [Source type: General]

^ Almost everything in the world is available for money, and consequently there is a variety of ways to climb Mount Everest.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Although it is still 20 km distant, Mount Everest looks huge as if it were be not a mountain, like all the others around.
  • Mount Everest 2002 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.everest-2002.de [Source type: Original source]

It straddles the border of China and Nepal and can be visited from either side:
  • Khumbu (Sagarmatha National Park), the more commonly visited region on the Nepalese (southern) side of the mountain
  • Qomolangma, the less visited nature reserve on the Tibetan (northern) side
This article is a disambiguation page. If you arrived here by following a link from another page you can help by correcting it, so that it points to the appropriate disambiguated page.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Mount Everest

Etymology

.Named by Andrew Waugh after George Everest.^ Mount Everest was known as Peak XV until 1856, when it was named for Sir George Everest , the surveyor general of India from 1830 to 1843.
  • Mount Everest - MSN Encarta 20 November 2009 6:37 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Named after Sir George Everest a British Surveyor-General of India who was the first person to record the height and location of Mt Everest.

^ In 1924, George Mallory and Andrew Irvine set off to become the first men to climb Mount Everest.
  • Mount Everest - Blogrunner 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.blogrunner.com [Source type: News]

Proper noun

Singular
Mount Everest
Plural
-
  1. The world’s highest mountain, located in the Himalayas between Nepal and Tibet.

Synonyms

Translations

External links

.
  • Wikipedia-logo.png Mount Everest on Wikipedia.^ Mount Everest - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Mount Everest – also called Sagarmāthā (Nepali: सगरमाथा), Chomolungma or Qomolangma (Tibetan: ཇོ་མོ་གླང་མ) or Zhumulangma (Chinese ...
    • Mount Everest - MSN Encarta 20 November 2009 6:37 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Mount Everest at HighBeam Research Mount Everest on Wikipedia .
    • Mount Everest Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Mount Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ According to Wikipedia.org: Mount Everest or Chomolungma is the highest point on ...
    • Excite - Search: Mount Everest 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC msxml.excite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Wikipedia

Simple English

The Mount Everest is the largest and highest mountain in the world. Mount Everest is in the Himalayas. It is about 8,848 metres (29,029 feet) high.[1]

Its summit is on the border between Nepal and Tibet. It is above the Death Zone where the air is too thin for a human being, so usually supplemental, or extra, oxygen is used when climbing. The Death Zone refers to the parts of Mount Everest that are above 25,000 ft above sea level.

Two other mountains also can be named as "highest" mountains - the volcano Mauna Kea on Hawaii island is the highest mountain counted from the base underwater to the summit - more than 11 kilometres, and the summit of the Chimborazo is the fixed point on Earth which has the utmost distance from the center - because of the modified ball shape of the planet Earth which is "thicker" around the Equator than measured around the poles.

History

A survey of India in 1856 recorded Everest. It was called Peak XV. This first published height was 8,840 metres (29,003 feet). Everest was given its official English name in 1865 by the Royal Geographical Society.

On June 8th, 1924, George Leigh Mallory and climbing partner Andrew Irvine made an attempt on the summit of Mount Everest. They disappeared into the fog and were never seen again until Mallory's body was found by Conrad Anker in 1999. To this day, no one is sure whether or not Mallory and Irvine made it to the summit before dying, 29 years before the next climbers would reach the summit.

Mount Everest was climbed first in May 1953 by the Sherpa Tenzing Norgay and the New Zealander Sir Edmund Hillary after 31 years of British trials to get a man on top - the exploration of the Everest region started 1921 and first realistic try to go on top was 1922.

References

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 11, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Mount Everest, which are similar to those in the above article.








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