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Kilimanjaro

Kibo Summit of Kilimanjaro
Elevation 5,893 metres (19,334 ft)[1]
Prominence 5,882 m (19,298 ft) Ranked 4th
Listing Seven Summits
Country high point
Ultra
Location
Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania
Kilimanjaro
Coordinates 3°4′33″S 37°21′12″E / 3.07583°S 37.35333°E / -3.07583; 37.35333Coordinates: 3°4′33″S 37°21′12″E / 3.07583°S 37.35333°E / -3.07583; 37.35333
Topo map Kilimanjaro map and guide by Wielochowski [2]
Geology
Type Stratovolcano
Last eruption None in recorded history
Climbing
Easiest route hike
.Kilimanjaro, with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, is an inactive stratovolcano in north-eastern Tanzania and the highest mountain in Africa at 5,895 metres or 19,341 feet (the Uhuru Peak).^ Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa and is the highest free-standing mountain in the world.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro, Machame Route, Climbing Information & Prices, Tanzania, East Africa - Climb Mt. Kilimanjaro with AfriChoice and Save! 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC africhoice.com [Source type: General]

^ At 19,344 feet it is the highest mountain in Africa and the highest walk-able summit in the world.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro - Roof of Africa 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC ftp.bushbuckltd.com [Source type: General]
  • Mount Kilimanjaro - Roof of Africa 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.bushbuckltd.com [Source type: General]

^ Kilimanjaro is the word’s highest freestanding mountain.
  • Kilimanjaro Trek - Climb Kilimanjaro | Adventure Company 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.adventurecompany.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .Mount Kilimanjaro is among the tallest freestanding mountains in the world, rising 4600 m (15,100 feet) from the base.^ Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa and is the highest free-standing mountain in the world.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro, Machame Route, Climbing Information & Prices, Tanzania, East Africa - Climb Mt. Kilimanjaro with AfriChoice and Save! 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC africhoice.com [Source type: General]

^ Kilimanjaro is the word’s highest freestanding mountain.
  • Kilimanjaro Trek - Climb Kilimanjaro | Adventure Company 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.adventurecompany.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is the highest mountain in Africa, rising 19,340 ft/5895 m above sea level, and is considered the tallest freestanding mountain in the world, rising 15,100 ft (4600 m) from base to summit .

Contents

.The exact meaning and origin of the name Kilimanjaro is unknown.^ The meaning and origin of the name Kilimanjaro is unknown.

^ If this chart, in fact, ante-dates any mention of the name Kilimanjaro as the name of the mountain, then the investigation of its Meaning among the coastal peoples might be fruitful.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kilimanjaro Meaning Source Unknown .
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is thought to be a combination of the Swahili word Kilima (meaning "mountain") and the Kichagga word Njaro, loosely translated as "whiteness", giving the name White Mountain.^ Other names for this volcano are: Kilima Dscharo, Oldoinyo Oibor (White Mountain in Masai), and Kilima Njaro meaning shining mountain in Swahili.
  • Kilimanjaro info - Classic Tours & Safaris 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.theclassictours.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is thought to be a combination of the Swahili word Kilima , meaning "mountain", and the KiChagga word Njaro , loosely translated as "whiteness", giving the name White Mountain.

^ There is also a claim that the word "kilemakyaro" exists in the Chagga language, Meaning "impossible journey", but this is thought to have derived as a consequence rather than as a precidence.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The name Kibo in Kichagga means "spotted" and refers to rocks seen on snowfields.^ It is thought to be a combination of the Swahili word Kilima , meaning "mountain", and the KiChagga word Njaro , loosely translated as "whiteness", giving the name White Mountain.

^ It may also mean "mountain of caravans" (kilima - mountain; jaro caravans), a landmark for caravans seen everywhere from afar, but the inhabitants of Jagga call it Kibo, `snow."
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moreover, as has already been stated, Kibo in Kichagga does not mean `snow', which is kora.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Swahili word Uhuru translates as "freedom", a name given to commemorate Tanzanian independence from Great Britain in 1961.

Climatic conditions

.Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa and fourth highest of the Seven Summits.^ Kilimanjaro -New years summit of Africa.
  • Mt. Kilimanjaro -New years summit of Africa. 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC peakfreaks.com [Source type: General]

^ Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa at 19,340 feet.
  • Tackling Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC myapfs.com [Source type: General]

^ Kilimanjaro , Africa's highest mountain, is in Northern Tanzania on the border with Kenya.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is among tallest freestanding mountains in the world, with Uhuru Peak rising to an altitude of 15,100 feet (4,600 m) from base to summit.^ A view of a summit glacier from Uhuru Peak.

^ It is the world's tallest walkable mountain, and what a walk it is.
  • Hiking Kilimanjaro Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro trekking in Africa Mount Kenya Climb 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC mountkilimanjaroclimbing.com [Source type: General]

^ Highest Peak in Africa, the world's tallest free-standing mountain!!
  • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.Kilimanjaro is composed of three distinct volcanic cones: Kibo 19,340 feet (5895 meters); Mawenzi 16,896 feet (5149 m); and Shira 13,000 feet (3962 m).^ Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa at 19,340 feet.
  • Tackling Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC myapfs.com [Source type: General]

^ We stood at an elevation of 19,340 feet.

^ The mountain consists of three major volcanic centers: Kibo (19,340 feet/5,895 m), Shira (13,650 feet/4,162 m) to the west and Mawenzi (16,893 feet/5,150 m) to the east.
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Uhuru Peak is the highest summit on Kibo's crater rim.^ The highest point on Kibo's steep edge is Uhuru, the highest peak in Africa.
  • Kenya Safari | Climb Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania Safari Camping 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.amaniafricasafaris.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Kenya Safari | Climb Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania Safari Camping 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC amaniafricasafaris.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The highest point, Uhuru Peak, is on the southern rim of this caldera.

^ A view of a summit glacier from Uhuru Peak.

.Kilimanjaro is a giant stratovolcano that began forming a million years ago, when lava spilled from the Rift Valley zone.^ Kilimanjaro is a giant stratovolcano that began forming a million years ago when lava spilled from the Rift Valley zone.

^ The mountain was formed during the most recent faulting of the Great Rift Valley two to three million years ago, an event that also produced Mount Meru and Mount Kenya.

^ It is an ancient extinct volcano, during whose period of activity (3.1–2.6 million years ago) it is thought to have risen to 6,500 m.
  • Kilimanjaro Climb Expeditions | Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC kilimanjaroclimbexpedition.com [Source type: General]
  • Lemosho Route | Kilimanjaro Climb | Shira Route | Hiking Mount Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.kilimanjaroclimbexpedition.com [Source type: General]
  • Hiking Kilimanjaro Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro trekking in Africa Mount Kenya Climb 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC mountkilimanjaroclimbing.com [Source type: General]

.Two of its three peaks, Mawenzi and Shira, are extinct while Kibo (the highest peak) is dormant and could erupt again.^ The mountain consists of three volcanoes: Shira, Mawenzi and Kibo.
  • Hiking on Mt. Kilimanjaro, Trekking Marangu route info, climbing and hiking guide, maps via the Mandara, Horombo, Mawenzi, Kibo huts and camps Mt Kilimanjaro climbing, trekking. Marangu Route 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountkilimanjaroclimbing.com [Source type: General]

^ They say that the two peaks Mawenzi and Kibo are brothers.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Above moorland is the almost lunar landscape of an alpine desert which stretches between the two peaks of Kibo, the flat topped dome at the centre, and Mawenzi, a group of jagged points and pinnacles on the eastern side.
  • Kilimanjaro info - Classic Tours & Safaris 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.theclassictours.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The last major eruption has been dated to 360,000 years ago, while the most recent activity was recorded just 200 years ago.^ It is an ancient extinct volcano, during whose period of activity (3.1–2.6 million years ago) it is thought to have risen to 6,500 m.
  • Kilimanjaro Climb Expeditions | Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC kilimanjaroclimbexpedition.com [Source type: General]
  • Lemosho Route | Kilimanjaro Climb | Shira Route | Hiking Mount Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.kilimanjaroclimbexpedition.com [Source type: General]
  • Hiking Kilimanjaro Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro trekking in Africa Mount Kenya Climb 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC mountkilimanjaroclimbing.com [Source type: General]

^ Today, more than 20,000 people a year attempt the climb, and efforts are being made to stop the erosion on the most popular routes.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania | Tanzania | Go 2 Africa 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.go2africa.com [Source type: General]

^ Although Kibo is now dormant, scientists estimated in 2003 that molten magma is present only 400m below the summit crater , and local legends tell of volcanic activity as recently as 170 years ago.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania | Tanzania | Go 2 Africa 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.go2africa.com [Source type: General]

.Kilimanjaro has 2.2 square kilometres (0.85 sq mi) of glacial ice and is losing it quickly due to climate change.^ It is now estimated that Kilimanjaro has lost 85% of its ice cover (by mass) since 1912.
  • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ My photos of Kilimanjaro in 1981, seen from the Kenya side, show the entire mountain top covered in snow and ice.
  • Kilimanjaro journal - allDAY - msnbc.com 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC allday.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ Seeing the last ice towers of the Kilimanjaro glaciers was a sight so unforgettable, and the thought that tonight we were going to sleep next to them was like a dream.
  • KILIMANJARO « Gineth Soto 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC ginethsoto.com [Source type: Original source]

.The glaciers have shrunk 82% since 1912 and declined 33% since 1989. It might be ice free within 20 years, dramatically affecting local drinking water and crop irrigation.^ It is now estimated that Kilimanjaro has lost 85% of its ice cover (by mass) since 1912.
  • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ He said comparisons with previous mapping showed 33% of Mt Kilimanjaro 's ice had disappeared in the last two decades - 82% had gone since 1912.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Professor Thompson has spent about 20 years studying the tropical ice fields on the mountains of South America, Africa, China and Tibet.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]

Volcanic conditions

.Although it is inactive, Kilimanjaro has fumaroles that emit gas in the crater on the main summit of Kibo.^ Summit Mount Kilimanjaro skip to main .

^ Practical Mountain Climbing Although my "mountaineering" is limited to hikes in the Canadian Rockies, I found Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro a fascinating and informative how-to on summiting this high...
  • Amazon.com: Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro (9780936741123): Belinda Belding: Books 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]
  • Amazon.com: Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro (9780936741161): Stephen Carmichael, Susan Stoddard, Rick Ridgeway, Neville Shulman, Robert M. Moore: Books 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Kilimanjaro's summit crater, called Kibo, measures an incredible 1.5 miles across.
  • Kenya Safari | Climb Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania Safari Camping 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.amaniafricasafaris.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Kenya Safari | Climb Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania Safari Camping 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC amaniafricasafaris.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Scientists concluded in 2003 that molten magma is just 400 m (1,310 ft) below the summit crater.^ Even though I did not make it to the summit; had to turn back just below Stella point due to altitude sickness, it was an experience long to remember.
  • Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, trekking, hiking tours and safaris guide 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC climbingkilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

^ Just below the crater rim, at about 18,000’, we stopped for a break and to have lunch.
  • KILIMANJARO « Gineth Soto 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC ginethsoto.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The summit is reached by a narrow, barren ridge, which provides stunning views of the Ash Cone lying several thousand feet below in the crater.
  • Hiking Kilimanjaro Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro trekking in Africa Mount Kenya Climb 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC mountkilimanjaroclimbing.com [Source type: General]

.Several collapses and landslides have occurred on Kibo in the past, one creating the area known as the Western Breach.^ The Umbwe route is one of the shortest routes to the Southern Glaciers and the Western Breach.
  • Kilimanjaro Climb Expeditions | Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC kilimanjaroclimbexpedition.com [Source type: General]

^ One outfitter told us that the Western Breach was only slightly harder than Machame.
  • SummitPost - Mama Tembo Climbs Kilimanjaro -- Trip Reports 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

^ The outer crater has been breached by lava flows in several places, the most vivid of these being the Western Breach.
  • Kilimanjaro - Climbing and Walking Guide 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ewpnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Mount Kilimanjaro seen from the air - very little ice remains

Mapping

.Early good maps of Kilimanjaro were published by the British Government's Directorate of Overseas Surveys (DOS 422 Y742) in 1963. These were based on air photography carried out as early as 1959 by the RAF. These were on a scale of 1:50,000 with contours at 100 ft intervals.^ An interesting fact - the Logo of Rock Publishing (Publisher) looks like a book hewn out of one face of Kilimanjaro.
  • Wilson Edojarievwe Orhiunu's Travelogue on Climbing Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.waado.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A recent study carried out on the snows of Xixibangma and Kilimanjaro has reinforced observations.
  • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ All the early attempts at explanation are based on breaking down Kilimanjaro into two elements : kilima and njaro, on the assumption that kilima at least is the Swahili for `mountain'.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These are now unavailable. .Tourist mapping was first published by the Ordnance Survey in England in 1989 based on the original DOS mapping (1:100,000, 100 ft intervals, DOS 522).^ This first day we hike to 10,000 ft.

^ Researchers compared the current area covered by the glaciers with maps of the glaciers based on photographs taken in 1912 and 1953 and satellite images from 1976 and 1989.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro Snow Cap Is Disappearing 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Melting glaciers could soon eliminate white cap from Tanzania’s Mount Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC blog.taragana.com [Source type: News]

This is now no longer available. EWP produced a map with tourist information in 1990 (1:75,000, 100 m contour intervals, inset maps of Kibo and Mawenzi on 1:20,000 and 1:30,000 scales respectively and 50 m contour interval). This is regularly updated and in its 4th edition. .In the last few years numerous other maps have become available of various qualities.^ Makonde carvings and other souvenirs are available in the numerous craft shops at the center of town.
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And now, in the space of only a few years we have become useless old men, outcasts in our own land.” .
  • Subterranean Press » Fiction: Kilimanjaro by Mike Resnick 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC subterraneanpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although small compared other game reserves, this 125 square mile Park has a year round water supply that supports numerous animals.
  • RMI Guides | Kilimanjaro Dispatches 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.rmiguides.com [Source type: General]

[2]
.EWP map sample (1:75,000, summit area).^ Access to Kilimanjaro   Routes on Kibo   Kilimanjaro Area   Kibo Area Map   Kilimanjaro from Moshi area   In the forest   Summit Ice Cliffs   top of page .
  • Kilimanjaro - Climbing and Walking Guide 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ewpnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4]

Physical features

Mount Kilimanjaro as seen from Moshi town, Kilimanjaro region
.Kilimanjaro rises[5] 4,600 m (15,092 ft) from its base, and approximately 5,100 m (16,732 ft) from the plains near Moshi.^ Located 200 miles south of the equator and rising more than 3 miles above the dry plains of northern Tanzania, Mount Kilimanjaro comprises three separate volcanoes.
  • Global Warming - Salon.com 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: News]

^ Kilimanjaro means “shining mountain”; it rises from an average altitude of about 3,300 feet (1,000 m) on the dry plains to 19,340 feet (5,895 m), truly a worldclass mountain.
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kilimanjaro is Africa's highest peak, rising to a height of 19,341 feet from the surrounding plains and savannah.
  • Kensington Tours-Private Guided Travel: Kilimanjaro & Safari 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.kensingtontours.com [Source type: General]

Name

.The exact meaning and origin of the name Kilimanjaro is unknown.^ If this chart, in fact, ante-dates any mention of the name Kilimanjaro as the name of the mountain, then the investigation of its Meaning among the coastal peoples might be fruitful.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kilimanjaro Meaning Source Unknown .
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Origin of the name 'Kilimanjaro' .
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is thought to be a combination of the Swahili word Kilima (meaning "mountain") and the Kichagga word Njaro, loosely translated as "whiteness", giving the name White Mountain.^ Other names for this volcano are: Kilima Dscharo, Oldoinyo Oibor (White Mountain in Masai), and Kilima Njaro meaning shining mountain in Swahili.
  • Kilimanjaro info - Classic Tours & Safaris 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.theclassictours.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is also a claim that the word "kilemakyaro" exists in the Chagga language, Meaning "impossible journey", but this is thought to have derived as a consequence rather than as a precidence.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Did they then report to the European leaders of the expedition that the name of the mountain was , their version of the Kichagga, which, further assimilated by the European hearer, finally became standardised as Kilimanjaro ?
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The mountain has three peaks, Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira.^ The peaks of Mawenzi are for Mountaineers only.
  • Kilimanjaro info - Classic Tours & Safaris 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.theclassictours.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kilimanjaro The mountain owes its existence to the formation of the Great Rift Valley and is actually three volcanic cones that, due to their proximity, became one - Shira, Mawenzi and Kibo- together they make the highest free standing mountain in the world.
  • Hiking Kilimanjaro Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro trekking in Africa Mount Kenya Climb 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC mountkilimanjaroclimbing.com [Source type: General]

^ Climbing Kibo Peak via the routes described below requires no mountaineering skills.
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The names are also Chagga words, Kibo from Kifwo in Chagga which means present, Mawenzi from Kimawenje meaning brocken and Shira meaning war as it was a platform for fighting with the Maasai.^ It is thought to be a combination of the Swahili word Kilima , meaning "mountain", and the KiChagga word Njaro , loosely translated as "whiteness", giving the name White Mountain.

^ There is also a claim that the word "kilemakyaro" exists in the Chagga language, Meaning "impossible journey", but this is thought to have derived as a consequence rather than as a precidence.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They have, however, names for the two peaks, commonly known as Kibo and Mawenzi.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The names predate the sighting of the mountain by the Germans explorers. Kibo is sometimes hidden by clouds in the evening but is visible in the morning. .Kibo is a landmark for those travelling to and from the coast and when they arrive in Moshi at the foot of the mountain during the evening would not see the peak until morning of the following day.^ In spite of Chagga insistence that the name Kilimanjaro is a foreign importation, even they accept that this is now the name by which the mountain is internationally known.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nisbet , whose family tree is thick with foresters, stresses that he doesn't see this as a permanent solution - but it would buy some decades, even a century, during which ways could be found to develop reforestation plans good for the mountain and the people who live beneath it.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kibo became angry with him and beat him so badly that even today, one can see his battered and torn face.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The residents miss to see the peak during the evening but will see it during the morning.^ Going down to the cattle boma one morning to see how they were getting on, I was astonished to find that seven of them had died during the night.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Kibo for the travellers translated to the kiswahili term kipo with the same meaning it is present. Njau M. A. UDSM Tanzania
Historical map with "Kilima-Ndscharo" in German East Africa, 1888
.It is unknown where the name Kilimanjaro originates, but a number of theories exist.^ H. A. Fosbrooke, whose considerable help in the preparation of this paper is gratefully acknowledged, concludes, after examining all the theories, that the name is of Kamba origin.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Origin of the name 'Kilimanjaro' .
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.European explorers had adopted the name by 1860 and reported that it was its Swahili name,[6] with Kilimanjaro breaking into Kilima (Swahili for "hill, little mountain") and Njaro,[7] whose supposed origin varies according to the theories—according to some it's an ancient Kiswahili Swahili word for white or for shining,[8] or for the non-Swahili origin, a word from the Kichagga language, the word jaro meaning "caravan". The problem with all these is that they can't explain why the diminutive kilima is used instead of the proper word for mountain, mlima.^ The Wachagga themselves find this difficult and confusing, since in Swahili `mountain' is properly mlima, and kilima is a diminutive Meaning `hill.'
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From what little we know on the subject, we think it might have something to do with the swahili word 'kilima', which means 'top of the hill'.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But it leaves unexplained how Kilimanjaro means `a little white hill" even in Swahili, although the diminutive aspect is here satisfactorily explained.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The name might be a local joke, referring to the "little hill of the Njaro" being the biggest mountain on the African continent, since this is a nearby town, and guides recount that it is the Hill of the Njaro people.^ Hike the hills of Ngorongoro with a local guide.
  • Kensington Tours-Private Guided Travel: Kilimanjaro & Safari 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.kensingtontours.com [Source type: General]

^ Thousands of tourists flock to the park each year determined to conquer the most famous mountain on the African continent.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/a530632 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ If the village, which is close to a prominent hill, it seems, was named "Manjaro" before the mountain was called " Kilimanjaro " it might prove interesting, once we find out what "Manjaro" means or how it was derived.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A different approach is to assume that it comes from the Kichagga kilmanare or kileajao meaning "which defeats the bird/leopard/caravan". However this theory cannot explain the fact that Kilimanjaro was never used in Kichagga before in Europe in the mid-1800s.^ This route retains a sense of unspoilt wilderness and offers a different perspective on Kilimanjaro by approaching it from the north.
  • World Expeditions - Kilimanjaro trek - Climb Mount Kilimanjaro via Rongai route with World Expeditions 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC lonelyplanet.worldexpeditions.net [Source type: News]

^ Njaro can then be derived from njaare, a bird, or, according to other informants, a leopard, or, possibly from jyaro a caravan.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before the coming of the Europeans, almost every African tribe used cattle as currency.
  • Subterranean Press » Fiction: Kilimanjaro by Mike Resnick 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC subterraneanpress.com [Source type: Original source]

[6]
.In the 1880s, the mountain, at that time spelled Kilima-Ndscharo in German following the Swahili name components, became a part of German East Africa after Karl Peters had persuaded local chiefs to sign treaties (a common story that Queen Victoria gave the mountain to Kaiser Wilhelm II is not true).^ Upon reaching the top, he raised the German flag on it and it gave the peak the name Kaiser Wilhelm Spitze, and on some maps still today this name appears, instead of what it is known today as, Uhuru Peak.
  • KILIMANJARO « Gineth Soto 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC ginethsoto.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It's easy to list samples of their factual errors: Kilimanjaro was never in Kenya, Queen Victoria did not give it to Kaiser Wilhelm, who was not her cousin, nor is Mount Rosa the highest mountain in the Alps.
  • Amazon.com: Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro (9780936741161): Stephen Carmichael, Susan Stoddard, Rick Ridgeway, Neville Shulman, Robert M. Moore: Books 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Hikers also come to East Africa to enjoy the mountains, including Mount Kilimanjaro (Tanzania), Mount Kenya, Mount Longonot and Mount Meru.

[9] .In 1889 the peak of Kibo was named "Kaiser-Wilhelm-Spitze" ("Kaiser Wilhelm peak") by Hans Meyer, on the first ascent to the summit on 5 October 1889.[6] That name was used until 1918, when after World War I the German colonies were handed over to the British empire.^ This custom began with German Hans Meyer, who on October 5, 1889 became the first person to reach the summit of Kilimanjaro.
  • KILIMANJARO « Gineth Soto 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC ginethsoto.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The First World War, after which Germany lost all the colonies, also had a hand in it.
  • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ On the Uhuru peak of Kibo , after making the first ascent of the Heim Glacier .
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When British-administered Tanganyika gained its independence in 1961, the peak was named "Uhuru peak", meaning "Freedom peak" in Swahili.^ They re-named their top “Uhuru Peak” which means in Swahili ”Freedom Peak”.
  • KILIMANJARO « Gineth Soto 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC ginethsoto.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Tanganyika gained its independence from Britain in 1961, and Zanzibar gained its independence in December 1963.
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kenya gained its independence within the British Commonwealth on December 12, 1963.
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Ki- prefix in Swahili has several underlying meanings. .The old Ka- diminutive noun prefix (found now only as Kadogo - a small degree), merged with the Ki class.^ And now, in the space of only a few years we have become useless old men, outcasts in our own land.” .
  • Subterranean Press » Fiction: Kilimanjaro by Mike Resnick 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC subterraneanpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ CTP, founded by the Netherlands Development Organization (SNV) may be only six years-old, but is out to overtake the mainstream, wildlife tourism.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One of its meanings was to also describe something unique of its kind: Kilima, a single peak, as opposed to Mlima, which would better describe a mountain range or undulating country.^ Climbing Kibo Peak via the routes described below requires no mountaineering skills.
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The route we would be going on is the Machame route, and is one of the most panoramic routes on the mountain.
  • KILIMANJARO « Gineth Soto 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC ginethsoto.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From what little we know on the subject, we think it might have something to do with the swahili word 'kilima', which means 'top of the hill'.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Several other mountains also bear this prefix, such as Kilima Mbogo (Buffalo Mountain), just north of Nairobi in Kenya.^ To the Tanzanians, Kilimanjaro is clearly much more than just a very large mountain separating them from Kenya.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kenya could be seen to the north-west, to the south-east Kilimanjaro airport with Arusha just south of mount Meru was clearly visible.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We also offer Active tours such as Kenya Safari Walking holidays, cultural and mountain climbing in Kenya and Tanzania, as well as Honeymoons and Family vacations.
  • Hiking Kilimanjaro Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro trekking in Africa Mount Kenya Climb 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC mountkilimanjaroclimbing.com [Source type: General]

.People with disabilities are also placed in this class, not so much as a diminutive idea; but a unique condition they possess: a blind or a deaf person, Kipofu and Kiziwi.^ It’s not so much that they rejected spiritual leadership, but rather that some of the people were more willing to accept new ideas than their spiritual leaders.” .
  • Subterranean Press » Fiction: Kilimanjaro by Mike Resnick 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC subterraneanpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Leeds Society for Deaf and Blind People .

This prefix "Ki-" in no way implies a derogatory sense.

Trekking routes up Kilimanjaro

.There are several routes by which to climb Mt Kilimanjaro, namely: Marangu, Rongai, Lemosho, Shira, Umbwe and Machame.^ Porters (per person): 2 on the Marangu, 3 on Machame, Umbwe and Rongai and 4 on the Lemosho route.
  • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The least difficult routes are Marangu and Rongai ; the more difficult routes are Machame , Umbwe and Lemosho .
  • Kilimanjaro Climb Expeditions | Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC kilimanjaroclimbexpedition.com [Source type: General]

^ Climbs via the Machame, Marangu, Umbwe or Mt.
  • Mt. Kilimanjaro -New years summit of Africa. 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC peakfreaks.com [Source type: General]

.Of all the routes, Machame is by far the most scenic albeit steeper route up the mountain, which can be done in 6 or 7 days.^ MACHAME ROUTE This is the most popular and one of the most beautiful routes up the mountain.
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This makes Machame route better suited to the slightly more adventurous hiker, rewarding him /her with a scenic splendor such as not seen on the Marangu route.
  • Kilimanjaro Climb Expeditions | Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC kilimanjaroclimbexpedition.com [Source type: General]

^ MOUNT KILIMANJARO MARANGU ROUTE Duration: 8 Days Total hiking distance: About 96 km's (Excluding any acclimatization hikes on day 3 Affectionately known as the "Coca-Cola route", Marangu is by far the most popular route to the summit of Kilimanjaro.
  • Mount Climbing Kilimanjaro : climbing Mount Kilimanjaro :hiking kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.raylenne.com [Source type: General]

[10] .The Rongai is the easiest camping route and the Marangu is also easy, but accommodation is in huts.^ Marangu has hut accommodations with separate long-drop toilets, and is the second easiest (most gradual) route to the summit (Rongai is the easiest).
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ROUTES In regards to routes, Kilimanjaro is divided into two halves by a line running north/south between Barafu Camp and Kibo Hut.
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Climbers from the Rongai and Marangu routes only meet climbers from the other routes on the Kibo Crater rim.
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As a result, this route tends to be very busy, and ascent and descent routes are the same.^ From the experience of the past few days Maiko knew that Jude's descent times were about the same as her ascent, so he was anxious to start down.
  • SummitPost - Mama Tembo Climbs Kilimanjaro -- Trip Reports 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

^ The mountain operates a one way system You go up an ascent route which differs from the descent route.
  • Wilson Edojarievwe Orhiunu's Travelogue on Climbing Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.waado.org [Source type: Original source]

Caution signs at the Machamé trailhead
Sign at Uhuru peak, indicating to climbers that they have reached the top.
.Persons wishing to climb Mt Kilimanjaro are advised to undertake appropriate research[11] and ensure that they are both properly equipped and physically capable.^ Overall, I would rate the experience very high and I would recommend your service to others who wish to climb Kilimanjaro.
  • Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, trekking, hiking tours and safaris guide 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC climbingkilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

^ Audiences are made to feel they are actually ascending Kilimanjaro along with a six-member climbing team that includes two Tanzanians.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chris Waddell Becomes First Paraplegic to Climb Kilimanjaro UPDATE: Chris Waddell became the first paraplegic to summit Mt.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro Snow Cap Is Disappearing 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Though the climb is technically very easy, the altitude, low temperature, and occasional high winds make this a difficult and dangerous trek.^ Todays climb was very difficult.
  • Tackling Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC myapfs.com [Source type: General]

^ Pack well: Pack light but make sure you have everything you need to deal with altitude and variation in temperatures.

^ Overall, I would rate the experience very high and I would recommend your service to others who wish to climb Kilimanjaro.
  • Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, trekking, hiking tours and safaris guide 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC climbingkilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

.Acclimatisation is essential, and even then most people suffer some degree of altitude sickness.^ The high altitude and the possibility of a quick ascent mean that an average of a dozen people lose their lives every year, usually as victims of acute mountain sickness .

^ Even though I did not make it to the summit; had to turn back just below Stella point due to altitude sickness, it was an experience long to remember.
  • Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, trekking, hiking tours and safaris guide 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC climbingkilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

^ High altitude travel The most likely illness you are going to suffer from is altitude sickness; indeed, it's a rare trekker on Kilimanjaro who doesn't in some degree.
  • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

[12] .About 10 climbers die from this each year, together with an unknown number of local porters - figures for these are guessed at between 10-20. Kilimanjaro summit is well above the altitude at which high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), or high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) can occur.^ Kilimanjaro -New years summit of Africa.
  • Mt. Kilimanjaro -New years summit of Africa. 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC peakfreaks.com [Source type: General]

^ Altitude sickness and its more serious friends, edema, must be confronted (20,000 feet is no joke) and the weather is variable to say the least ...
  • Amazon.com: Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro (9780936741161): Stephen Carmichael, Susan Stoddard, Rick Ridgeway, Neville Shulman, Robert M. Moore: Books 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Practical Mountain Climbing Although my "mountaineering" is limited to hikes in the Canadian Rockies, I found Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro a fascinating and informative how-to on summiting this high...
  • Amazon.com: Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro (9780936741161): Stephen Carmichael, Susan Stoddard, Rick Ridgeway, Neville Shulman, Robert M. Moore: Books 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

[13] .All climbers will suffer considerable discomfort, typically shortage of breath, hypothermia and headaches, and though most young, fit people can make the Uhuru summit, a substantial number of trekkers will abandon the attempt at a lower altitude.^ We all reached the summit (Uhuru Peak)!

^ In addition, almost everybody gets afflicted with screaming headaches and utter exhaustion on summit day, meaning that of the 30,000 people who attempt the climb every year, less than a third make it all the way to Uhuru Peak.

^ At least 32 climbers had failed to reach the summit Sunday because they suffered injuries and had to be rescued by guides, Moirana said.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.High-altitude climbing clubs have criticised the Tanzanian authorities for charging fees for each day spent on the mountain.^ The high altitude and the possibility of a quick ascent mean that an average of a dozen people lose their lives every year, usually as victims of acute mountain sickness .

^ These plants have adapted to the harsh conditions at equatorial high-altitude, where every day is summer, and every night is winter.
  • SummitPost - Mama Tembo Climbs Kilimanjaro -- Trip Reports 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

^ The Machame Route is ideal for acclimatization, having two built-in "climb high, sleep low" profile days, provided you stop at Karanga Camp .
  • SummitPost - Mama Tembo Climbs Kilimanjaro -- Trip Reports 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

.This can encourage climbers to climb rapidly to save time and money, while proper acclimatisation demands that delays are built in to any high climb.^ The Machame Route is ideal for acclimatization, having two built-in "climb high, sleep low" profile days, provided you stop at Karanga Camp .
  • SummitPost - Mama Tembo Climbs Kilimanjaro -- Trip Reports 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

^ In the time preceding the climb not only will I be training but I will also be raising money which will be used for the seven returning athletes and World T.E.A.M. Sports.
  • Tackling Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC myapfs.com [Source type: General]

^ NOTE: Climb slowly to increase your acclimatisation time and maximise your chances of reaching the summit.
  • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.Tanzanian Medical Services around the mountain have expressed concern recently over the current influx of tourists that apparently perceive Kilimanjaro as an easy climb.^ The cynical could look upon the large numbers of trekkers climbing Kili as evidence that this is a relatively easy mountain to scale.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro 2006 There is the mountain known as "The Crown of Africa"  Kilimanjaro...
  • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Overall, I would rate the experience very high and I would recommend your service to others who wish to climb Kilimanjaro.
  • Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, trekking, hiking tours and safaris guide 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC climbingkilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

Many individuals require significant attention during their attempts, and many are forced to abandon the climb. .An investigation into the matter concluded that tourists visiting Tanzania were often encouraged to join groups heading up the mountain without being made aware of the significant physical demands the climb makes.^ Today, more than 20,000 people a year attempt the climb, and efforts are being made to stop the erosion on the most popular routes.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania | Tanzania | Go 2 Africa 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.go2africa.com [Source type: General]

^ Being young and enormously enthusiastic they had come up too quickly and were suffering badly from mountain sickness.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They were incredibly patient, constantly encouraging and without them we never would have made it.
  • Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, trekking, hiking tours and safaris guide 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC climbingkilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

Records

.
Memorial recognizing Hans Meyer as the first European to conquer Kilimanjaro
  • Fastest ascent: Bruno Brunod, 5 hours 38 minutes 40 seconds[14]
  • Fastest ascent and descent: Simon Mtuy, 8 hours 27 minutes[14]
  • Youngest 4 sisters to climb Kilimanjaro: Jillian, Velma, Lynette and Cheryl Hunter, age 6 years old and up with dad Gene Douglas Hunter in the early 70's.^ Kilimanjaro is three and a half years old.” .
    • Subterranean Press » Fiction: Kilimanjaro by Mike Resnick 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC subterraneanpress.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Hans Meyer was the first European to climb Kilimanjaro, doing so in 1889.
    • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The climb up Kilimanjaro was excellent.
    • Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, trekking, hiking tours and safaris guide 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC climbingkilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

    .Youngest girl in the world summitted Kilimanjaro in 3 days Velma Gene Hunter, awarded wreath for being the youngest female summitter - Canadian/American born in South Africa; Youngest girl to reach Uhuru Peak: American Cheryl Hunter.
  • Youngest boy to summit: Keats Boyd, 7-years old[15]
  • Oldest person to summit: Karl Haupt, 79 or Valtee Daniel, 87[14]
  • First ascent: Kinyala Johannes Lauwo (1871–1996[citation needed]).^ We reached the top of uhuru peak and had a blast.
    • Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, trekking, hiking tours and safaris guide 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC climbingkilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Kilimanjaro is three and a half years old.” .
    • Subterranean Press » Fiction: Kilimanjaro by Mike Resnick 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC subterraneanpress.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Kilimanjaro -New years summit of Africa.
    • Mt. Kilimanjaro -New years summit of Africa. 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC peakfreaks.com [Source type: General]

    .Lauwo, a Marangu army scout, then served as guide to Hans Meyer, who named Johannes Notch after him.^ Hans Meyer is credited with the vision behind the expedition, but who was his guide?
    • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ By the time Hans Meyer arrived in Chaggaland, Kinyala Lauwo was a tall teenager who knew the forest like the back of his hand.
    • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ He said he climbed Kilimanjaro many times before he guided Hans Meyer .
    • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    In 1989 the West German government built Lauwo a house at Ashira Marangu to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the first European ascent.
  • First paraplegic to summit assisted: Chris Waddell[16]
  • First blind people to reach the summit: Tofiri Kibuuka, John Opio and Lawrence Sserwambala, in 1968.[17]
  • Largest Blind Team to Summit: FBC Team Kili 8 blind climbers reach the top June 29, 2009 [18]
  • Youngest Blind Climber to summit: Max Ashton, 13 years, 2 months June 29, 2009 [19]
  • First Blinded U.S. Veteran to summit: Tom Hicks, June 29, 2009 [20]
  • First Person with Albanism to summit: Adam Messler, June 29, 2009 [21]
  • First Deaf woman to reach the top of Kilimanjaro: Heidi Zimmer

Unique vegetation

.Being a sky island, Kilimanjaro has unique vegetation such as the water holding cabbage in the tussock grassland and other plants like this all adapted to living in alpine conditions.^ Kilimanjaro contains an example of virtually every ecosystem on earth—glacier, snowfields, deserts, alpine moorland, savannah, and tropical jungle—all of which are found on the mountain.
  • Mountain Series: Mount Kilimanjaro > Adventure Travel > Events | Outdoor Bound 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.outdoorbound.com [Source type: General]

^ As you gain altitude, the vegetation changes; the trees diminish in size, giving way to Kilimanjaro’s famous high altitude plants, Scenecio kilimanjari and Lobelia deckenii.
  • Mountain Series: Mount Kilimanjaro > Adventure Travel > Events | Outdoor Bound 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.outdoorbound.com [Source type: General]

^ All of those who are able to go on to school in Arusha or Moshe reap the benefits by being spokesmen for their tribes, and are also able to go on to other jobs which help them to be financially solvent.

.Kilimanjaro has a large variety of forest types over an altitudinal range of 3,000 m (9,843 ft) containing over 1,200 vascular plant species.^ Then drive to Lemosho Glades and hike through the rainforest to Forest Camp (8,000 ft./2,440 m).
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hike four to six hours through rain forest to Machame Huts (9,843 ft./3,000 m).
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Montane Ocotea forests occur on the wet southern slope. Cassipourea and Juniperus forests grow on the dry northern slope. .Subalpine Erica forests at 4,100 m (13,451 ft) represent the highest elevation cloud forests in Africa.^ The highest mountain in Africa , Mount Kilimanjaro's snow-capped peak is usually veiled by clouds, but on clear days the summit is one of the most arresting sights in Africa .
  • Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania | Tanzania | Go 2 Africa 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.go2africa.com [Source type: General]

^ Kilimanjaro , at 19,340 feet, was the highest point in Africa; ergo, ballooning over the peak would represent the highest physical achievement in Africa, the ultimate seduction.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the 3rd day we will go only a short distance, this is to give our bodies time to acclimate to the elevation of 13,000-13,500 ft.

In contrast to this enormous biodiversity, the degree of endemism is low. .However, forest relicts in the deepest valleys of the cultivated lower areas suggest that a rich forest flora inhabited Mt Kilimanjaro in the past, with restricted-range species otherwise only known from the Eastern Arc mountains.^ Several species of fauna inhabit the forest.
  • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ One of the things that makes the climb so appealing is the fact that Kilimanjaro has five vegetation zones , which range from the rural and cultivated lower slopes through the montane forest zone, the mid-altitude heath and moorland, and the alpine zone which contains almost only lichen, to the summit, which is bare of almost all plant life.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania | Tanzania | Go 2 Africa 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.go2africa.com [Source type: General]

^ In spite of Chagga insistence that the name Kilimanjaro is a foreign importation, even they accept that this is now the name by which the mountain is internationally known.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The low degree of endemism on Kilimanjaro may result from destruction of lower altitude forest rather than the relatively young age of the mountain.^ High altitude travel The most likely illness you are going to suffer from is altitude sickness; indeed, it's a rare trekker on Kilimanjaro who doesn't in some degree.
  • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Kilimanjaro is a relatively young mountain, formed by volcanic activity about a million years ago .
  • Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania | Tanzania | Go 2 Africa 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.go2africa.com [Source type: General]

^ I descend low and follow the lush green forests past Kilimanjaro International Airport.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another feature of the forests of Kilimanjaro is the absence of a bamboo zone, which occurs on all other tall mountains in East Africa with a similarly high rainfall.^ The forests end abruptly without a bamboo zone as found on most other East African mountains.
  • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The highest mountain in Africa , Mount Kilimanjaro's snow-capped peak is usually veiled by clouds, but on clear days the summit is one of the most arresting sights in Africa .
  • Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania | Tanzania | Go 2 Africa 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.go2africa.com [Source type: General]

^ Kilimanjaro contains an example of virtually every ecosystem on earth—glacier, snowfields, deserts, alpine moorland, savannah, and tropical jungle—all of which are found on the mountain.
  • Mountain Series: Mount Kilimanjaro > Adventure Travel > Events | Outdoor Bound 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.outdoorbound.com [Source type: General]

'Sinarundinaria alpina' stands are favoured by elephants and buffaloes. On Kilimanjaro these megaherbivores occur on the northern slopes, where it is too dry for a large bamboo zone to develop. .They are excluded from the wet southern slope forests by topography and humans, who have cultivated the foothills for at least 2000  years.^ One of our Tanzanian guides, John Mtui, a tall, bespectacled and soft-spoken Chagga — the people who inhabit Kilimanjaro’s southern foothills — began climbing the mountain as a porter 25 years earlier, when he was 18.
  • Explorer - Mount Kilimanjaro - Explorer - Mount Kilimanjaro - On Africa�s Roof Still Crowned With Snow - Travel - NYTimes.com 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC travel.nytimes.com [Source type: News]
  • Explorer - Mount Kilimanjaro - Explorer - Mount Kilimanjaro - On Africa�s Roof Still Crowned With Snow - Travel - NYTimes.com 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC travel.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ Perhaps they lurk in the forest, watching from safe distances as humans trespass on their territory, but we certainly didnt see them!
  • Kilimanjaro Climber's Guide - African Encounters 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.africanencounters.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kilimanjaro can be divided into five zones by altitude: (1) cultivated lower slopes, (2) forest, (3) heath and moorland/lower alpine, (4) highland desert/alpine and (5) summit.
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This interplay of biotic and abiotic factors could explain not only the lack of a bamboo zone on Kilimanjaro but also offers possible explanations for the patterns of diversity and endemism.^ Eventually this was solved for the simple reason that we could not survive with only a barter economy when the city dwellers had nothing to offer the pastoralists, and the pastoralists had only cattle to offer the city dwellers.
  • Subterranean Press » Fiction: Kilimanjaro by Mike Resnick 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC subterraneanpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because Kilimanjaro is so close to the equator it not only has fairly consistent weather with no marked winter months but also offers a wide range of vegetation zones on the ascent.
  • Mountain Series: Mount Kilimanjaro > Adventure Travel > Events | Outdoor Bound 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.outdoorbound.com [Source type: General]

^ In Kilimanjaro terms, this distance could mean only 50m or so as the crow flies.
  • Kilimanjaro Climber's Guide - African Encounters 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.africanencounters.com [Source type: Original source]

.Kilimanjaro's forests can therefore serve as a striking example of the large and long-lasting influence of both animals and humans on the African landscape.^ The forest, suffused with mist and dripping with beards of moss, is also where most of Kilimanjaro's animals are found.
  • Mount Climbing Kilimanjaro : climbing Mount Kilimanjaro :hiking kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.raylenne.com [Source type: General]

^ Your last hike on Kilimanjaro is a beautiful one, passing through the enormous trees of the cloud forest.
  • Mountain Series: Mount Kilimanjaro > Adventure Travel > Events | Outdoor Bound 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.outdoorbound.com [Source type: General]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Kilimajaro Guide - Kilimanjaro 2008 Precise Height Measurement Expedition". http://www.mountkilimanjaroguide.com/kilimanjaro-height.html. Retrieved 16 May 2009. 
  2. ^ a b EWP. Kilimanjaro Map and tourist Guide [map], 4th edition, 1:75,000 with 1:20,000 and 1:30,000 insets, EWP Map Guides. Cartography by EWP. (2009) ISBN 0-906227-66-6.
  3. ^ the Kilimanjaro 2008 Precise Height Measurement Expedition. "Precise Determination of the Orthometric Height of Mt. Kilimanjaro". http://www.fig.net/pub/fig2009/papers/ts08c/ts08c_fernandes_teamkili2008_3438.pdf. Retrieved May 12th, 2009. 
  4. ^ EWP map sample
  5. ^ The concept of "free-standing rise" is not completely well-defined; however one definition characterizes it as the rise of the summit over the lowest closed contour line encircling and remaining near the summit. (Compare topographic prominence.) Kilimanjaro is encircled by a contour line at elevation 1,395 metres (4,577 ft), giving a rise of 4,500 metres (14,764 ft), which goes no further than 45 kilometres (28 mi) from the summit. This is the world's highest free-standing rise attainable within a 50 kilometres (31 mi) radius. Higher rises are attainable over somewhat larger distances, namely for Pico Cristóbal Colón, which rises 5,000 metres (16,400 ft) above a contour within 75 kilometres (47 mi), and Mount McKinley, which rises 5,300 metres (17,390 ft) above a contour within 120 kilometres (70 mi). (Sources: SRTM data, USGS National Elevation Dataset.) If points below sea level are considered, Mauna Kea beats Mount McKinley by hundreds of metres with a similar radius. (Source: USGS National Elevation Dataset and Geologic Investigations Series I-2809.)
  6. ^ a b c Hutchinson, J. A.: The Meaning of Kilimanjaro
  7. ^ "Kilima-Njaro" (alternate name in 1907), The Nuttall Encyclopædia, 1907, FromOldBooks.com, 2006, webpage: FOB-Njaro.
  8. ^ "SRTM TANZANIA IMAGES" (Kilimanjaro or Kilima Njaro description), NASA, August 28, 2005, webpage: NASA-Tanzania.
  9. ^ Briggs, Philip (1996): "Guide to Tanzania; 2nd edition." Bradt Guides.
  10. ^ R. Stoppelenburg. "Climbing Kilimanjaro on the Machame Route". http://www.expeditiekilimanjaro.nl/route.php. 
  11. ^ R. Stoppelenburg. "Prepare yourself for the Kilimanjaro climb". http://www.expeditionkilimanjaro.com/preparation.php. 
  12. ^ Muza, SR; Fulco, CS; Cymerman, A (2004). "Altitude Acclimatization Guide.". US Army Research Inst. of Environmental Medicine Thermal and Mountain Medicine Division Technical Report (USARIEM-TN-04-05). http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/7616. Retrieved 2009-03-05. 
  13. ^ Cymerman, A; Rock, PB. Medical Problems in High Mountain Environments. A Handbook for Medical Officers. USARIEM-TN94-2. US Army Research Inst. of Environmental Medicine Thermal and Mountain Medicine Division Technical Report. http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/7976. Retrieved 2009-03-05. 
  14. ^ a b c "Record climbs on Kilimanjaro". Climb Mount Kilimanjaro. http://www.climbmountkilimanjaro.com/about-the-mountain/kilimanjaro-records/index.html. Retrieved 2009-02-17. 
  15. ^ "Young Boy Climbs Kilimanjaro". CBS Evening News. http://beta.sling.com/video/show/58769/31/Young-Boy-Climbs-Kilimanjaro. 
  16. ^ "They Did It". One-Revolution. http://one-revolution.com/blog/index.php/2009/09/30/they-did-it/. 
  17. ^ [http://209.85.229.132/search? q=cache:5DuNTtWoGB0J:www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-21200052_ITM+%22Tofiri+Kibuuka%22+blind&cd=1&hl=fr&ct=clnk&gl=fr “Uganda's Kibuuka Flies Norway's Flag”], Asia Africa Intelligence Wire, April 30, 2004
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ [2]
  20. ^ http://www.phoenix.va.gov/pressreleases/White_Cane_Day_NR.asp
  21. ^ http://www.statepress.com/archive/node/6765

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Africa : East Africa : Tanzania : Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro
.Mount Kilimanjaro is a currently inactive strato-volcano in northern Tanzania, near the border with Kenya.^ Mount Kilimanjaro is an inactive volcano in northeastern Tanzania.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro, 5895 m. Tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.philippegatta.fr [Source type: Academic]

^ Mount Kilimanjaro is in northern Tanzania, to the east of Arusha.
  • Kilimanjaro: Climb Mount Kilimanjaro successfully 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.tribes.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Mount Kilimanjaro, on the Tanzania side of the border between Kenya and Tanzania is the highest mountain in Africa.

.At 5,895 metres (19,340 feet) above sea level, Kilimanjaro is Africa's highest peak and the world's highest free-standing mountain.^ Tanzania is also home to Africa's highest mountain, Mount Kilimanjaro, whose snowcapped peak soars to 19,340 feet.
  • Kenya tanzania uganda lodge, camping tours, mount kilimanjaro trekking, shuttle bus transfers 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC wimatours.com [Source type: General]

^ Mount Kilimanjaro stands at a whopping 19,340 feet above sea level; is the tallest mountain in Africa and the highest free-standing mountain in the world.
  • The BT Red Nose Climb of Mount Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.broadband.bt.com [Source type: General]

^ Climb The worlds highest freestanding mountain’ .
  • Mount Kilimanjaro Charity Challenges | Kuoni Challenge for Charity 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.challengeforcharity.co.uk [Source type: General]

.As such - and aided by its relatively easy ascent - Kilimanjaro has become a major destination for mountaineers and trekkers from around the world.^ But Kilimanjaro is more than a destination for the mountain climbers of the world.

^ Kilimanjaro is the highest solitary mountain in the world.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kilimanjaro is the tallest freestanding mountain in the world.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro Facts - About Kilimanjaro National Park 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountkilimanjaroguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Understand

.Although positioned close to the Equator (330 km south), Mount Kilimanjaro is famous as Africa's snow-capped mountain looming over the plains of the savannah.^ Mount Kilimanjaro losing its snow cap .
  • Mount Kilimanjaro losing its snow cap - SignOnSanDiego.com 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.signonsandiego.com [Source type: News]

^ Mount Kilimanjaro 5 Hemingway's famous Snows of Kilimanjaro are quickly becoming a fantasy.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro - Reviews on RateItAll 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.rateitall.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kilimanjaro has a permanent snow-cap.
  • Mount kilimanjaro climbing and trekking 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.africamagicaltours.com [Source type: General]
  • Mount Kilimanjaro Climbing,Climbing Mount kilimanjaro,Mount Kilimanjaro Climb,Trekking Mount Kilimanjaro,Mount Kilimanjaro Hiking,Mount Kilimanjaro Safaris,Trek Mount kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.cheetahadventuresafaris.com [Source type: General]

.Kilimanjaro National Park protects the area above 2,700 metres (8,850 ft), on the mountain and includes the moorland and highland zones, Shira Plateau, Kibo and Mawenzi peaks.^ Kilimanjaro National Park is the area above 2,700 meters (8,850 feet) on the mountain.
  • Kilimanjaro, the summit of Africa. Trips and safaris! The seven summits, the highest peaks of the 7 continents! Trips, Statistics & information! 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC 7summits.com [Source type: General]
  • Persatuan Kembara Negara PKN 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC kembaranegara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It includes the moorland and highland zones, Shira Plateau, Kibo and Mawenzi peaks.
  • Kilimanjaro, the summit of Africa. Trips and safaris! The seven summits, the highest peaks of the 7 continents! Trips, Statistics & information! 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC 7summits.com [Source type: General]
  • Persatuan Kembara Negara PKN 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC kembaranegara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Map of Kilimanjaro National Park (national park), Tanzania .
  • Map of Kilimanjaro National Park (national park), Tanzania - World Atlas - MSN Encarta 22 September 2009 22:11 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: General]

.The Park also has six corridors or rights of way through the Kilimanjaro Forest Reserve.^ In addition, the Kilimanjaro Park has six corridors or rights of way through the Kilimanjaro Forest Reserve.

^ In addition, the Park has six corridors or rights of way through the Kilimanjaro Forest Reserve.
  • Kilimanjaro, the summit of Africa. Trips and safaris! The seven summits, the highest peaks of the 7 continents! Trips, Statistics & information! 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC 7summits.com [Source type: General]

^ MOUNT KILIMANJARO, TANZANIA Mount Kilimanjaro National Park is a World Heritage Site, with six routes allowing climbers access through the Forest Reserve.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro | CC Africa safaris | Mount Kilimanjaro, Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC africanadrenalin.co.za [Source type: General]

The Forest Reserve, which is also a Game Reserve, was established in 1921; the Park was established in 1973 and officially opened in 1977.

History

.It is commonly perceived that Queen Victoria of England gave her grandson, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, Mount Kilimanjaro as a birthday present.^ Queen Victoria is supposed to have granted the mountain to her German grandson Wilhelm (later Kaiser Wilhelm II) as a birthday gift.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro: Facts, Climbing info and Pictures | Blogoncherry 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.boncherry.com [Source type: General]
  • Kilimanjaro Safari Tour 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.africapoint.com [Source type: News]

^ The Kaiser Spitze was named for Wilhelm I (1797-1888, our birthday-boy's grandfather).
  • Climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.georgefisher.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's easy to list samples of their factual errors: Kilimanjaro was never in Kenya, Queen Victoria did not give it to Kaiser Wilhelm, who was not her cousin, nor is Mount Rosa the highest mountain in the Alps.
  • Amazon.com: Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro (9780936741123): Belinda Belding: Books 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]
  • Amazon.com: Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro (9780936741161): Stephen Carmichael, Susan Stoddard, Rick Ridgeway, Neville Shulman, Robert M. Moore: Books 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

However, this is not the case. .In fact, Karl Peters, a German traveller in Africa and one of the founders of today's Tanzania, sneaked into Tanganyika and persuaded various Chagga chieftains to sign treaties in which they agreed to cede their territories to his Society for German Colonization.^ However the mountain was given by Queen Victoria of England as a gift to her cousin, and so the border was moved and the mountain included within German Tanganyika, now known as Tanzania.
  • Safaris, Lodges and Camps in Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.ecoafrica.com [Source type: General]

^ The Kilimanjaro is a local word reffering to a little Mountain and was seen by one of the first explorers in the region by the Names of John Rebman and also was named Kilimandcharo at the time when Tanzania was governed under the German East Africa.
  • Kilimanjaro Climbing Tanzania safari 5 Days, Nights Marangu tour 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.travelust.com [Source type: General]

^ The first missionary travelers to peer up to the snow capped peaks of Kibo and Mawenzi reported back to the various metropolitan geographic societies that snow and glaciers existed in Africa just three hundred miles from the equator.

Landscape

The mountain has snowy peaks, which are well renowned, although they are quickly disappearing

Weather

.Due to Mount Kilimajaro's proximity to the equator, this region does not experience the extremes of winter and summer weather, but rather dry and wet seasons.^ From the dry scorching heat of the African summer, to the continent’s short, but incredibly wet monsoon season, the Kilimanjaro is built to persevere.
  • Firstgear Kilimanjaro Jacket - RevZilla Motorsports 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.revzilla.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Located 200 miles south of the equator and rising more than 3 miles above the dry plains of northern Tanzania, Mount Kilimanjaro comprises three separate volcanoes.
  • Global Warming - Salon.com 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: News]

^ Summer by day, winter by night is the Kili weather cliche, so you'll need everything from shorts to expedition-weight fleece.
  • Climbing Kilimanjaro - MORE Magazine 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.more.com [Source type: General]

.January and February are the warmest months, April and May are the wettest months, June and July are the coolest months, and August and September are the driest months.^ August 2006 January 2008 May 2008 August 2009 September 2009 .

^ December through to February are the warmest months.
  • Kilimanjaro info - Classic Tours & Safaris 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.theclassictours.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ August 2009 July 2009 June 2009 May 2009 April 2009 March 2009 February 2009 January 2009 December 2008 November 2008 October 2008 September 2008 August 2008 July 2008 June 2008 May 2008 April 2008 March 2008 February 2008 January 2008 December 2007 November 2007 October 2007 September 2007 August 2007 July 2007 June 2007 May 2007 April 2007 March 2007 February 2007 January 2007 December 2006 November 2006 October 2006 August 2009 .
  • AccuWeather.com: Global Warming News, Science, Myths, Articles 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC global-warming.accuweather.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.January, February, and September are considered to be the best months to climb Kilimanjaro in terms of weather.^ The Best months to climb mount Kilimanjaro are July, August, September, October, January, February and March.
  • Climbing Kilimanjaro & Tanzania Safari | Discovering Tanzania trips 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.kili-tanzanitesafaris.com [Source type: General]

^ Best Season to climb Mount Kilimanjaro .
  • Climbing Kilimanjaro & Tanzania Safari | Discovering Tanzania trips 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.kili-tanzanitesafaris.com [Source type: General]

^ What is the best time of year to climb Kilimanjaro?
  • KILELE AFRIKA. -Mount Kilimanjaro Climbing-Frequently Asked Questions 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC kileleafrika.com [Source type: General]

.The journey from the gate to the peak is like traveling from the equator to Antarctica in a matter of days.^ The journey from the gate to the peak is like traveling from the equator to Antarctica in a matter of days.
  • What is the Temperature on Mount Kilimanjaro? Kilimanjaro Weather 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.ultimatekilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

^ Marangu route is very famous and hence very travelled and for 5 days only any one can reach Uhuru peak.

.This is because the routes to the Uruhu peak cross different ecological zones.^ This is because the routes to the Uhuru peak cross different ecological zones.
  • What is the Temperature on Mount Kilimanjaro? Kilimanjaro Weather 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.ultimatekilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

^ The different routes to the summit pass through five ecological zones, being the cultivated lower slopes, Montane forest, heath and moorland, alpine desert and the ice capped summit.

^ Climbing Kilimanjaro also takes you through many different climatic and ecological zones.

.Throughout the climb, temperatures vary considerably with the altitude and time of day.^ Throughout the climb, temperatures vary considerably with the altitude and time of day.
  • What is the Temperature on Mount Kilimanjaro? Kilimanjaro Weather 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.ultimatekilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

^ After spending some considerable time at Mount Kilimanjaro peak, the group begins its descent, concluding the day at Horombo Hut where they will remain overnight.
  • Planning to Climb Mount Kilimanjaro via Marangu 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.prlog.org [Source type: General]

^ There are magnificent views throughout, with possibilities for wildlife viewing, and an extra day to aid acclimatisation as the trails climbs beneath the towering spires of Mawenzi.
  • KILIMANJARO CLIMB - RONGAI ROUTE: TANZANIA | Exodus 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.exodus.co.uk [Source type: General]

.Mount Kilimanjaro has five major ecological zones, each approximately 3,280 feet (1,000 m) in altitude.^ Ecologically Mount Kilimanjaro constitutes the major watershed of northern Tanzania.
  • LUCID EAST AFRICA - A Scientist Research Network - Land-Use Change, Impacts & Dynamics 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.lucideastafrica.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Mount Kilimanjaro has five major ecological zones, each approximately 3,280 feet (1,000 m) in altitude.
  • What is the Temperature on Mount Kilimanjaro? Kilimanjaro Weather 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.ultimatekilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

^ Each zone spans approximately 3,300 feet (1,000 m) in altitude.
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Each zone is subject to a corresponding decrease in rainfall, temperature and life as the altitude increases.^ Each zone is subject to a corresponding decrease in rainfall, temperature and life as the altitude increases.
  • What is the Temperature on Mount Kilimanjaro? Kilimanjaro Weather 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.ultimatekilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

^ Each zone occupies an area approximately 1000m in altitude and is subject to a corresponding decrease in rainfall, temperature and life from the forest upwards.

^ As the altitude increases, rainfall and temperature decrease; this has a direct effect on the vegetation each zone supports.
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the beginning of the climb, at the base of the mountain, the average temperature is around 70°F to 80°F (27°C to 32°C).^ At the beginning of the climb, at the base of the mountain, the average temperature is around 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit (21 to 27 degrees Celsius).
  • What is the Temperature on Mount Kilimanjaro? Kilimanjaro Weather 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.ultimatekilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

^ The average temperatures at the foot of the mountain is 25°-30° C and on the summit, it can range from minus 10° -20° C. At 3000m the day temperatures range from 5°-15° C, and at night frost is normally encountered.

^ The different phases of the climb   With most of the old lowland forest now cultivated and settled, the first experience of the mountain environment begins with the dense vegetation of tropical montane forest between 1850m and around 2800m.

.From there, the temperatures will decrease as you move through Mount Kilimanjaro's ecological zones.^ Climbing Kilimanjaro also takes you through many different climatic and ecological zones.

^ From there, the temperatures will decrease as you move through Mount Kilimanjaro's ecological zones.
  • What is the Temperature on Mount Kilimanjaro? Kilimanjaro Weather 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.ultimatekilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

^ You can use the safari for relaxing after your Kilimanjaro climb, but it is actually also a good idea to go on safari before your climb as it will help you acclimatize to the temperature, culture, time zone (very important for summit success!
  • Kilimanjaro, the summit of Africa. Organized Trips and safaris to Kilimanjaro, one of the seven summits 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC 7summits.com [Source type: General]

.At the summit, Uruhu Peak, the night time temperatures can range between 0°F to -15F (-18°C to -26°C).^ Their night-time travels average one to three miles but can range up to 18 miles a night.
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The temperatures range from just below freezing at midnight, to between 10 deg.
  • Tanzania Adventure - Kilimanjaro climb - Machame Route 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.tanzania-adventure.com [Source type: General]

^ Night temperatures can already drop to freezing point at this campsite, B,L,D. Day 3: Machame camp (2980m) - Shira camp (3840m) Hiking time: 6 hours .

.Due to Mount Kilimanjaro's great height, the mountain creates its own weather.^ Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa.
  • VOSH PA - Mount Kilimanjaro Climb for Sight 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.voshpa.org [Source type: General]

^ Due to Mount Kilimanjaro's great height, the mountain creates its own weather.
  • What is the Temperature on Mount Kilimanjaro? Kilimanjaro Weather 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.ultimatekilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

^ Mount Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa.
  • KILELE AFRIKA. -Mount Kilimanjaro Climbing 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC kileleafrika.com [Source type: General]

.It is extremely variable and impossible to predict.^ It is extremely variable and impossible to predict.
  • What is the Temperature on Mount Kilimanjaro? Kilimanjaro Weather 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.ultimatekilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]
  • Mountain Series: Mount Kilimanjaro > Adventure Travel > Events | Outdoor Bound 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.outdoorbound.com [Source type: General]

.Therefore, regardless of when you climb, you should always be prepared for wet days and cold nights.^ Always be prepared for wet days and cold nights on the mountain any time of year!
  • Kilimanjaro, the summit of Africa. Trips and safaris! The seven summits, the highest peaks of the 7 continents! Trips, Statistics & information! 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC 7summits.com [Source type: General]

^ Therefore, regardless of when you climb, you should always be prepared for wet days and cold nights.
  • What is the Temperature on Mount Kilimanjaro? Kilimanjaro Weather 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.ultimatekilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]
  • Mountain Series: Mount Kilimanjaro > Adventure Travel > Events | Outdoor Bound 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.outdoorbound.com [Source type: General]

^ MARANGU ROUTE - 5 DAYS 4 NIGHTS It takes about 5 days to climb Kilimanjaro, which is the highest mountain in Africa and one of the largest extinct volcanoes.
  • Mt. Kilimanjaro Climb, Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro,Marangu Route and Machame Routes 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.afrigalaxytours.co.tz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Get in

The closest International Airport is Kilimanjaro (JRO), and if coming from Europe, KLM(NorthWest Airline) has a daily non-stop flight from Amsterdam to JRO.
.If you are coming from Nairobi, Kenya, you can fly with Kenya Airways, who works with Precision Air, and that would cost you about $400/person for a roundtrip ticket.^ Alternately, you can fly to Kenyatta Airport in Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Kilimanjaro Shira Route Climb and Safari | Mountain Madness 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.mountainmadness.com [Source type: General]

^ From there you can fly Precision Air to Zanzibar for about $400 round trip.
  • Hiking and Biking: Zanzibar to Mount Kilimanjaro - washingtonpost.com 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: News]

^ Would you like to tell me about it?” .
  • Subterranean Press » Fiction: Kilimanjaro by Mike Resnick 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC subterraneanpress.com [Source type: Original source]

.ALTERNATIVELY, you can schedule shuttle buses, which are at 8am and 2 pm daily, for about $25/person, one way, and its a 5-6hrs bus ride.^ Both are about $35 one way.
  • Kilimanjaro - Climbing and Walking Guide 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ewpnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alternatively, travel to Nairobi, Kenya where you can either tranfer by shuttle bus to Arusha or you can fly from Nairobi to Arusha on Precision Air or other carriers.
  • Kilimanjaro Shira Route Climb and Safari | Mountain Madness 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.mountainmadness.com [Source type: General]

^ We offer the most reliable and affordable way to travel to KilimanjaroYou May arrive later than 8.00am for Nairobi Moshi shuttle there is an alternative.You board 2pm Shuttle bus Nairobi to Arusha (25US$ per person) then a private transfer to Moshi (private transfer is 100US$ for a car 1-3 pax) Transfers Nairobi to Namanga Border and Namanga Arusha is 25 USD one way per person You should be about 15 minutes before the departure time.
  • Nairobi Arusha Moshi Kilimanjaro shuttle bus service with kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC kilimanjaroshuttles.com [Source type: News]

.If coming from Dar-es-salaam, you can fly into JRO for $320/person roundtrip; or take a 7-8hrs bus ride for $20/person one way to Arusha or Moshi.^ Dar-es-Salaam City Tour .
  • Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro-5 Days/4 Nights in Tanzania - Book Online at Isango 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.isango.com [Source type: General]

^ Dar es Salaam .

^ The most common routes are from Nairobi or Dar es Salaam then land to Arusha and Moshi.
  • SummitPost - Kilimanjaro -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 22 September 2009 22:11 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

Cost

.It is required to have a licensed guide to climb Kilimanjaro.^ We are a complete guides for climbing mount kilimanjaro, t...
  • Kilimanjaro - Mountaineering Mountain Area Arusha @ ABC-of-Mountaineering 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.abc-of-mountaineering.com [Source type: General]

^ A guide for each climbing party is required.
  • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While expert guides and porters will accompany you on your climb, unlike Mount Everest, no technical equipment is required.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro, Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Kilimanjaro Climb, Trekking Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Kilimanjaro Trekking 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.easytravel.co.tz [Source type: General]

.Current park entry and camping/hut fees are over $100 per day.^ All hut or camping fees for the climb .
  • Kilimanjaro 22 September 2009 22:11 UTC web.me.com [Source type: General]

^ Rather than permanent hut facilities being available, much of the old huts have fallen into disuse and you will be camping overnight, despite the national park authorities insisting upon a "hut fee".
  • Mount Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.zambezi.com [Source type: General]

^ Includes: Park entry fees, rescue fees, camping fees, guide, assistant guide and 2 porters per person, camping equipment (tent, mattress, sleeping bag), 3 meals per day prepared by our chef while trekking, pre and post tour accommodation, return transfers from Kilimanjaro Airport.
  • Kilimanjaro Challenge - Machame Route: Jenman African Safaris 22 September 2009 22:11 UTC www.jenmansafaris.com [Source type: General]

.Most climbers are accompanied with porters.^ Most operators on Kilimanjaro book you on a route that involves the simplest (least expensive) transportation for climbers, staff and porters to the beginning and the end of the climb.
  • Climb Kilimanjaro with Berg Adventures International: Trip Description 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.bergadventures.com [Source type: General]

^ The guides and porters he has professionally selected to accompany the expedition are, in Nicksons estimation, some of the most qualified and responsible available.
  • Tackling Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC myapfs.com [Source type: General]

All inclusive trips range from about $800 to $5,500.
  • Lava Expeditions Small outfit jointly UK/Kenyan run. .[1]
  • Peak Planet [2]
  • Ultimate Kilimanjaro Kilimanjaro Climb Specialists | all routes, quality climbs, reasonable cost [3]
  • Climb Mount Kilimanjaro
  • Good Earth Tours, quality climbs with medically trained guides for reasonal costs[4].
  • Across the Divide, a UK based charity Co, focusing on charity treks.^ Which route will we take to the top of Mount Kilimanjaro?

    ^ When to Climb kilimanjaro- Climbing kilimanjaro is considered an all season trek.
    • climb mount kilimanjaro in tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC feathertrailtours.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Any physically fit person is able to Climb Mount Kilimanjaro - Marangu route.

    [5]
  • .
  • Mountain Madness, a well experienced trekking company[6]
  • Summit Expeditions and Nomadic Experiences, expert guides, stay in Mbahe village cottages.^ The Legal company have employed Well trained and experienced Mountain Guides.

    ^ We will also have a cook with us during the expedition, and although we use high quality local resources on this trip, the Lead Guide will always be an Aventuras Patagonicas, U.S.-based, Certified professional mountain guide trained with, and experienced in, the highest standards of guiding.
    • Kilimanjaro | Aventuras Patagonicas - Aconcagua's Best Choice 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.patagonicas.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Due to the mountain's equatorial location, as well as its high elevation, climbers can experience almost every climate on earth during the journey to the top.
    • Kilimanjaro - Adventure 16, Southern California's Outdoor Experts. 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.adventure16.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [7]
.There are six routes officially sanctioned for climbing Kilimanjaro and two routes used for descent.^ Kilimanjaro Shira Route climb .
  • Kilimanjaro. Climb Kilimanjaro. Mount Kilimanjaro treks & climbs. World's best responsible & ecotourism Kilimanjaro holidays 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.responsibletravel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When climbing Kilimanjaro there are several routes one can take.

^ Kilimanjaro climb, Rongai route .
  • Kilimanjaro. Climb Kilimanjaro. Mount Kilimanjaro treks & climbs. World's best responsible & ecotourism Kilimanjaro holidays 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.responsibletravel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These are:
  • Machame
  • Marangu
  • Rongai
  • Lemosho
  • Umbwe
  • Shira
  • Mweka (descent only)
.Marangu Route Commonly called the Coca-Cola Route, Marangu is by far the most popular route to the summit of Kilimanjaro.^ The most popular by far is the Marangu route.
  • Kilimanjaro - a Destination Africa Tour 22 September 2009 22:11 UTC www.destination.co.za [Source type: General]

^ The Mount Kilimanjaro - Marangu Route climb, is the easiest and most popular route up to the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro .

^ The Marangu Route is the most popular Route.

.Typical duration is either 5 or 6 days depending upon whether you elect to spend an extra day for acclimatisation to the altitude.^ DAY 4 Extra day for acclimatization.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro - Roof of Africa 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC ftp.bushbuckltd.com [Source type: General]
  • Mount Kilimanjaro - Roof of Africa 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.bushbuckltd.com [Source type: General]

^ Most climbers spend an extra day at Horombo to acclimatize.

^ This gives us two extra days to acclimatize to the altitude.

.This is the only route that offers huts versus tents.^ Where accommodation on the Marangu route is in huts, the Machame route offers strictly tents only.
  • Kilimanjaro Climb Expeditions | Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro | Tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC kilimanjaroclimbexpedition.com [Source type: General]
  • Lemosho Route | Kilimanjaro Climb | Shira Route | Hiking Mount Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.kilimanjaroclimbexpedition.com [Source type: General]
  • Machame Route: Kilimanjaro Trekking 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.adventureafricaholidays.com [Source type: General]
  • Mount Kilimanjaro climbing trips everyday - Trip Planner - Yahoo! Travel 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC travel.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Mount Kilimanjaro climbing,trekking expedition trip in Tanzania, Tanzania - 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.africastay.com [Source type: General]

^ It is also the only route which offers sleeping huts in dormitory style accommodations.
  • Which Route Should I Use to Climb Kilimanjaro? Kilimanjaro Routes | Kilimanjaro Map 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ultimatekilimanjaro.com [Source type: General]

^ The only route with huts for sleeping quarters.

.
  • Day 1: Marangu Gate (1980 m) - Mandara hut (2700 m).^ The climb normally takes five to six days and involves four or five overnight stays in comfortable mountain huts when using Marangu Route.
    • Mount Kilimanjaro - Roof of Africa 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC ftp.bushbuckltd.com [Source type: General]
    • Mount Kilimanjaro - Roof of Africa 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.bushbuckltd.com [Source type: General]

    ^ DAY 1: Arrive at Marangu Gate by private transfer from Arusha, introduction to your Guide/Porters.
    • Come to Africa Safaris | MOUNT KILIMANJARO CLIMB 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.casafaris.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Mweka Hut to Mweka Gate - last day Kilimanjaro .
    • Photographs of Kilimanjaro Trek - Tanzania, Africa 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.africaguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Hiking time: 5 hours
  • Day 2: Mandara hut (2700) - Horombo hut (3720 m).^ Day 2: Marangu Gate (1980m) - Mandara hut (2700m) Hiking time: 5 hours .

    ^ Hiking time is approximately 4 - 6 hours.
    • RMI Guides | Kilimanjaro Dispatches 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.rmiguides.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This day has about 5-6 hours of hiking.
    • Kilimanjaro climbing and trekking safari in Tanzania, Africa 22 September 2009 22:11 UTC www.themountainschool.com [Source type: General]

    .Hiking time: 6 hours
  • Day 3: Horombo hut (3720 m) - Acclimatisation day (if necessary)
  • Day 4: Horombo hut (3720 m) - Kibo hut (4700 m).^ Day 2: Marangu Gate (1980m) - Mandara hut (2700m) Hiking time: 5 hours .

    ^ Hiking time is approximately 4 - 6 hours.
    • RMI Guides | Kilimanjaro Dispatches 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.rmiguides.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This day has about 5-6 hours of hiking.
    • Kilimanjaro climbing and trekking safari in Tanzania, Africa 22 September 2009 22:11 UTC www.themountainschool.com [Source type: General]

    .Hiking time: 6 hours
  • Day 5: Kibo hut (4700m) - Uhuru Peak (5895 m) - Horombo hut (3720 m).^ Day 2: Marangu Gate (1980m) - Mandara hut (2700m) Hiking time: 5 hours .

    ^ It is about 1 hour onward to Uhuru Peak.
    • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This day has about 5-6 hours of hiking.
    • Kilimanjaro climbing and trekking safari in Tanzania, Africa 22 September 2009 22:11 UTC www.themountainschool.com [Source type: General]

    .Hiking time: 8 hours to Uhuru - 6 hours to descend to Horombo
  • Day 6: Horombo hut (3720 m) - Marangu Gate (1980 m).^ Day 2: Marangu Gate (1980m) - Mandara hut (2700m) Hiking time: 5 hours .

    ^ Hiking time is approximately 4 - 6 hours.
    • RMI Guides | Kilimanjaro Dispatches 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.rmiguides.com [Source type: General]

    ^ After breakfast, we hiked the final six hours to the Marangu Gate.
    • Taking on Kili - Review of Mount Kilimanjaro, Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania - TripAdvisor 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.tripadvisor.com [Source type: General]

    Hiking time: 6 hours
.Machame Route Some call this the most beautiful route up Kilimanjaro.^ Machame route Mount Kilimanjaro.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro climbing,trekking expedition trip in Tanzania, Tanzania - 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.africastay.com [Source type: General]

^ The second most popular route, the Machame is also one of the most beautiful.
  • Acacia Africa ::. Mt Kilimanjaro Trekking 22 September 2009 22:11 UTC www.acacia-africa.com [Source type: General]

^ Kilimanjaro - Machame Route - 8 days .
  • Tanzania Adventure - Kilimanjaro climb - Machame Route 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.tanzania-adventure.com [Source type: General]

.Where accommodation on the Marangu route is in huts, the Machame route offers strictly tents only This makes Machame (also referred to as the "Whiskey route") better suited to the slightly more adventurous hiker, however rewarding him with a scenic splendor such as not seen on the Marangu route.^ The upper route offers more scenic views.

^ This makes Machame (also referred to as the "Whiskey route") better suited to the slightly more adventurous hiker, rewarding him with a scenic splendor such as not seen on the Marangu route.
  • Machame Route: Kilimanjaro Trekking 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.adventureafricaholidays.com [Source type: General]
  • Mount Kilimanjaro Climbing Machame Route, Mt Kilimanjaro Climbing in Tanzania, Hiking on Mount Kilimanjaro, Trekking on Mount Kilimanjaro, Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro, Machame Hikes 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.victoriasafaris.com [Source type: General]
  • Mount Kilimanjaro climbing trips everyday - Trip Planner - Yahoo! Travel 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC travel.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Mount Kilimanjaro climbing,trekking expedition trip in Tanzania, Tanzania - 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.africastay.com [Source type: General]

^ The 6-day route is however physically more challenging than the Marangu route.

.
  • Day 1: Machame Gate (1490 m) - Machame camp (2980 m).^ At around 10am, you will begin hiking with your guides to Machame Camp, the destination for your first day of hiking.
    • Mt.Kilimanjaro Climbing,Kilimanjaro Climbing,Mount Kilimanjaro Trekking,Mt.Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.penfamtours.com [Source type: General]
    • Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro,Mountain Climbing Tanzania,Mt Kilimanjaro Climbing,Kilimanjaro,Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro,Mt Kilimanjaro Climb,Trekking Kilimanjaro,Climbing kilimanjaro,Mount Kilimanjaro,Kilimanjaro,Hikking,Machame Route,Marangu Route,Tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.penfamtours.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Transfer to Kibo Palace Hotel or Impala Hotel for overnight Day 2:Umbwe Gate (1800m) - Bivouac (first) camp (2940m) Hiking time: 5 hours.
    • Mount Kilimanjaro Trekking | Umbwe Route climbing guide 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC dovesafaris.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Day 2: Kilimanjaro Climb - Arusha to Machame Camp .
    • Tanzania Adventure - Kilimanjaro climb - Machame Route 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.tanzania-adventure.com [Source type: General]

    .Hiking time: 7 hours
  • Day 2: Machame camp (2980 m) - Shira camp (3840 m).^ Hiking time is approximately 4 - 6 hours.
    • RMI Guides | Kilimanjaro Dispatches 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.rmiguides.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This day has about 5-6 hours of hiking.
    • Kilimanjaro climbing and trekking safari in Tanzania, Africa 22 September 2009 22:11 UTC www.themountainschool.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Hiking time: 7 hours.
    • Mount Kilimanjaro climbing,trekking expedition trip in Tanzania, Tanzania - 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.africastay.com [Source type: General]

    .Hiking time: 6 hours
  • Day 3: Shira (3840 m) - Lava Tower (4630 m) - Barranco camp (3950 m).^ At around 10am, you will begin hiking with your guides to Machame Camp, the destination for your first day of hiking.
    • Mt.Kilimanjaro Climbing,Kilimanjaro Climbing,Mount Kilimanjaro Trekking,Mt.Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.penfamtours.com [Source type: General]
    • Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro,Mountain Climbing Tanzania,Mt Kilimanjaro Climbing,Kilimanjaro,Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro,Mt Kilimanjaro Climb,Trekking Kilimanjaro,Climbing kilimanjaro,Mount Kilimanjaro,Kilimanjaro,Hikking,Machame Route,Marangu Route,Tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.penfamtours.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Transfer to Kibo Palace Hotel or Impala Hotel for overnight Day 2:Umbwe Gate (1800m) - Bivouac (first) camp (2940m) Hiking time: 5 hours.
    • Mount Kilimanjaro Trekking | Umbwe Route climbing guide 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC dovesafaris.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Day 2: Marangu Gate (1980m) - Mandara hut (2700m) Hiking time: 5 hours .

    .Hiking time: 7 hours
  • Day 4: Barranco camp (3950 m) - Barafu camp (4550 m).^ Hiking time is approximately 4 - 6 hours.
    • RMI Guides | Kilimanjaro Dispatches 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.rmiguides.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This day has about 5-6 hours of hiking.
    • Kilimanjaro climbing and trekking safari in Tanzania, Africa 22 September 2009 22:11 UTC www.themountainschool.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Day 7: Mweka camp (3100m) - Mweka Gate (1980m) Hiking time: 3 hours .
    • Kilimanjaro climb - Umbwe Route, Mount Kilimanjaro Hiking 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountkenyaclimbing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Hiking time: 7 hours
  • Day 5: Barafu camp (4550 m)- Uhuru Peak (5895 m) - Mweka (3100 m).^ Kilimanjaro, Mweka Hut A long day and an early start to reach the crater rim at Stella Point in time for sunrise.
    • Puku Adventure Safaris - Tanzania 22 September 2009 22:11 UTC pukusafaris.com [Source type: General]

    ^ At around 10am, you will begin hiking with your guides to Machame Camp, the destination for your first day of hiking.
    • Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro,Mountain Climbing Tanzania,Mt Kilimanjaro Climbing,Kilimanjaro,Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro,Mt Kilimanjaro Climb,Trekking Kilimanjaro,Climbing kilimanjaro,Mount Kilimanjaro,Kilimanjaro,Hikking,Machame Route,Marangu Route,Tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.penfamtours.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Transfer to Kibo Palace Hotel or Impala Hotel for overnight Day 2:Umbwe Gate (1800m) - Bivouac (first) camp (2940m) Hiking time: 5 hours.
    • Mount Kilimanjaro Trekking | Umbwe Route climbing guide 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC dovesafaris.com [Source type: General]

    Hiking time: 8 hours to reach Uhuru Peak 7/8 hours to descend to Mweka
.Lemosho Route Little used and more remote than other routes.^ Experienced guides consider the Rongai route to be both easier and more scenic than the Marangu Trail.
  • http://www.wildland.com/trips/details/67/tanzania_itin.aspx 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.wildland.com [Source type: News]

^ In terms of altitude though, while our pace and longer itinerary for this route will help everyone to acclimatize and be able to enjoy the summit day, some people may find it more difficult than others to adequately acclimate.
  • Kilimanjaro climbing and trekking safari in Tanzania, Africa 22 September 2009 22:11 UTC www.themountainschool.com [Source type: General]

^ Read more about Lemosho route climbing .

.The route is one of the few where groups may be accompanied on the first day by an armed ranger, as the forests around the Lemosho Glades are rich in buffalo, elephant and other big game animals.^ But not to worry here, as we will have an armed game ranger to accompany you.
  • Mountain Rock Safari & Camps - Mount Kenya Treks | Mount Kilimanjaro treks | Other Mountains | Walking Safaris | Camping Safaris | Lodge Safaris 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountainrockkenya.com [Source type: General]

^ Lemosho Glades Route - Little used Kilimanjaro climb trail and is one of the few where you can still spot big game such as buffalo and elephant.

^ The forest around the Lemosho Glades is rich in big game animals such as elephant and buffalo, which may sometimes require a game ranger to accompany climbers on the first day.

.
  • Day 1: Londorossi Gate (2100 m) - Mti Mkubwa camp (2750 m).^ Transfer to Kibo Palace Hotel or Impala Hotel for overnight Day 2:Umbwe Gate (1800m) - Bivouac (first) camp (2940m) Hiking time: 5 hours.
    • Mount Kilimanjaro Trekking | Umbwe Route climbing guide 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC dovesafaris.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Day 7 -- Mweka Camp to Mweka Gate .

    ^ Day 6: Mweka camp (3100m) - Mweka Gate (1980m).
    • Mount Kilimanjaro climbing trips everyday - Trip Planner - Yahoo! Travel 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC travel.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
    • Mount Kilimanjaro climbing,trekking expedition trip in Tanzania, Tanzania - 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.africastay.com [Source type: General]

    .Hiking time: 3 hours
  • Day 2: Mti Mkubwa camp (2750 m) - Shira 2 camp (3840 m).^ Night temperatures can already drop to freezing point at this campsite, B,L,D. Day 3: Mti Mkubwa camp (2750m) - Shira 2 camp (3840m) Hiking time: 6.5 hours .

    ^ Hiking time: 5 hours .

    ^ We hiked for 7+ hours on this day.

    .Hiking time: 6/7 hours
  • Day 3: Shira (3840m) - Lava Tower (4630m) - Barranco camp (3950m).^ The climb from Lava Tower Hut to the caldera takes about nine hours.
    • AWF: Safari Planner: Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.awf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ At around 10am, you will begin hiking with your guides to Machame Camp, the destination for your first day of hiking.
    • Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro,Mountain Climbing Tanzania,Mt Kilimanjaro Climbing,Kilimanjaro,Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro,Mt Kilimanjaro Climb,Trekking Kilimanjaro,Climbing kilimanjaro,Mount Kilimanjaro,Kilimanjaro,Hikking,Machame Route,Marangu Route,Tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.penfamtours.com [Source type: General]

    ^ From: Mweka Camp 3100m To: Arusha 1830m Distance: 15km Elevation Change: -1270m Hiking Time: 3-4 hours .

    .Hiking time: 7 hours
  • Day 4: Barranco camp (3950 m) - Barafu camp (4550 m).^ Hiking time is approximately 4 - 6 hours.
    • RMI Guides | Kilimanjaro Dispatches 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.rmiguides.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This day has about 5-6 hours of hiking.
    • Kilimanjaro climbing and trekking safari in Tanzania, Africa 22 September 2009 22:11 UTC www.themountainschool.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Day 7: Mweka camp (3100m) - Mweka Gate (1980m) Hiking time: 3 hours .
    • Kilimanjaro climb - Umbwe Route, Mount Kilimanjaro Hiking 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountkenyaclimbing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Hiking time: 7 hours
  • Day 5: Barafu camp (4550 m) - Uhuru Peak (5895 m) - Mweka (3100 m).^ At around 10am, you will begin hiking with your guides to Machame Camp, the destination for your first day of hiking.
    • Mt.Kilimanjaro Climbing,Kilimanjaro Climbing,Mount Kilimanjaro Trekking,Mt.Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.penfamtours.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This involves 6-7 hours of hard hiking, and they arrive at Barafu in the late afternoon.
    • SummitPost - Mama Tembo Climbs Kilimanjaro -- Trip Reports 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: General]

    ^ From: Mweka Camp 3100m To: Arusha 1830m Distance: 15km Elevation Change: -1270m Hiking Time: 3-4 hours .

    .Hiking time: 8 hours to reach Uhuru Peak 7/8 hours to descend to Mweka
  • Day 6: Mweka camp (3100 m) - Mweka Gate (1980 m).^ Day 2: Marangu Gate (1980m) - Mandara hut (2700m) Hiking time: 5 hours .

    ^ It is about 1 hour onward to Uhuru Peak.
    • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Hiking time is approximately 4 - 6 hours.
    • RMI Guides | Kilimanjaro Dispatches 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.rmiguides.com [Source type: General]

    Hiking time: 3 hours
' A variation on the Lemosho Route inserts two extra days in the itinerary for acclimatization and also to avoid having to climb up to the summit in the dark
.
  • Day 4: Barranco (3950 m) to Karranga Valley (4000 m).^ Day 4 - Barranco Camp to Karanga Valley Camp (~14,000 ft) .

    ^ DAY 6: Trek the Great Barranco ravine towards Karanga Valley .

    ^ The day 4 climb from Barranco Camp to Karanga Valley was our favorite hike of the trip.

    .Hiking Time 4 hours.^ Hiking time is approximately 4 - 6 hours.
    • RMI Guides | Kilimanjaro Dispatches 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.rmiguides.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Hiking time: 6 hours .

    ^ Hiking time: 5 hours .

    .This segment takes you up the infamous 'Barranco Wall.'
  • Day 5: Karranga Valley (4000 m) to Barafu camp (4550 m).^ Day 4 - Barranco Camp to Karanga Valley Camp (~14,000 ft) .

    ^ Day 5 - Karanga Valley to Barafu Camp (~16,000 ft) .

    ^ Barranco Wall - start of 4th day .
    • Photographs of Kilimanjaro Trek - Tanzania, Africa 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.africaguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Hiking Time 3 hours
  • Day 6: Barafu camp (4550 m) - Uhuru Peak (5895 m) - Crater Camp (5640m).^ It is about 1 hour onward to Uhuru Peak.
    • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Hiking time is approximately 4 - 6 hours.
    • RMI Guides | Kilimanjaro Dispatches 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.rmiguides.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Uhuru Peak down to Barafu Camp .
    • Photographs of Kilimanjaro Trek - Tanzania, Africa 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.africaguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Hiking Time about 8 hours
  • Day 7: Crater Camp (5640 m) - Mweka (3100 m).^ Hiking time is approximately 4 - 6 hours.
    • RMI Guides | Kilimanjaro Dispatches 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.rmiguides.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Day 7: Mweka camp (3100m) - Mweka Gate (1980m) Hiking time: 3 hours .
    • Kilimanjaro climb - Umbwe Route, Mount Kilimanjaro Hiking 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.mountkenyaclimbing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Hiking time: 6 hours .

    Hiking time: 7/8 hours to Descend
.Rongai Route The Rongai route ascents Kilimanjaro from the northeastern side of the mountain, along the border between Tanzania and Kenya.^ Kilimanjaro is located to the northeast of Tanzania , on the border with Kenya.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro: Facts, Climbing info and Pictures | Blogoncherry 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.boncherry.com [Source type: General]

^ Kilimanjaro , Africa's highest mountain, is in Northern Tanzania on the border with Kenya.
  • Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ntz.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mount Kilimanjaro Tanzania, Machame route .

.
  • Day 1: Rongai Gate (1950 m) - 1st Caves camp (2600 m).^ DAY 1 Rongai Gate (1950m) - 1st Caves camp (2600m) Hiking time: 5 hours Distance: About 8 km's Habitat: Montane forest Register at the Marangu park gate with a transfer (approximately 2 hours) to the Rongai trailhead.
    • Rongai route on mount Kilimanjaro, Rongai route climbing guide, maps Mount Kilimanjaro Climbing. Marangu Route (6 day). Machame route, Rongai Route, Shira Route Mount Kilimanjaro trekking and hiking Coca cola route, Umbwe route 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.geolyasafaris.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Day 7 -- Mweka Camp to Mweka Gate .

    ^ Day 6: Mweka camp (3100m) - Mweka Gate (1980m).
    • Mount Kilimanjaro climbing trips everyday - Trip Planner - Yahoo! Travel 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC travel.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
    • Mount Kilimanjaro climbing,trekking expedition trip in Tanzania, Tanzania - 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.africastay.com [Source type: General]

    .Hiking time: 5 hours
  • Day 2: 1st Cave (2600 m) - Kikelewa Cave (3600 m).^ Hiking time is approximately 4 - 6 hours.
    • RMI Guides | Kilimanjaro Dispatches 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.rmiguides.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Hiking time: 6 hours .

    ^ Hiking time: 5 hours .

    .Hiking time: 6/7 hours
  • Day 3: Kikelewa Cave (3600) - Mawenzi Tarn camp (4330 m).^ Overnight at 3rd Cave camp (Kikelewa Caves).
    • Rongai route on mount Kilimanjaro, Rongai route climbing guide, maps Mount Kilimanjaro Climbing. Marangu Route (6 day). Machame route, Rongai Route, Shira Route Mount Kilimanjaro trekking and hiking Coca cola route, Umbwe route 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.geolyasafaris.com [Source type: General]

    ^ DAY 3:KIKELEWA CAVES Kikelewa Caves Altitude: 8,530' to 11,320'; Hiking time: 6-7 hours.
    • http://www.wildland.com/trips/details/67/tanzania_itin.aspx 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.wildland.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Hiking time is approximately 4 - 6 hours.
    • RMI Guides | Kilimanjaro Dispatches 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.rmiguides.com [Source type: General]

    .Hiking time: 3/4 hours
  • Day 4: Mawenzi Tarn camp (4330m) - Kibo hut (4700 m).^ Day 2: Marangu Gate (1980m) - Mandara hut (2700m) Hiking time: 5 hours .

    ^ Hiking time is approximately 4 - 6 hours.
    • RMI Guides | Kilimanjaro Dispatches 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.rmiguides.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Hiking time: 7 hours.
    • Mount Kilimanjaro climbing,trekking expedition trip in Tanzania, Tanzania - 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.africastay.com [Source type: General]

    .Hiking time: 4/5 hours
  • Day 5: Kibo hut (4700 m) - Uhuru Peak (5895 m) - Horombo hut (3720 m).^ Tomorrow we hike seven and a half hours from Machame gate to Machame Hut which lies at 9,300 feet.
    • Tackling Kilimanjaro 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC myapfs.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Day 2: Marangu Gate (1980m) - Mandara hut (2700m) Hiking time: 5 hours .

    ^ It is about 1 hour onward to Uhuru Peak.
    • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

    .Hiking time: 8 hours to reach Uhuru - 6 hours to descend to Horombo
  • Day 6: Horombo hut (3720 m) - Marangu Gate (1980 m) .^ The second day is spent walking the 5 hours necessary to reach Horombo Hut where the second night is spent.
    • kilimanjaro tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Day 2: Marangu Gate (1980m) - Mandara hut (2700m) Hiking time: 5 hours .

    ^ Descend to Horombo Hut for dinner and overnight.
    • Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro,Mountain Climbing Tanzania,Mt Kilimanjaro Climbing,Kilimanjaro,Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro,Mt Kilimanjaro Climb,Trekking Kilimanjaro,Climbing kilimanjaro,Mount Kilimanjaro,Kilimanjaro,Hikking,Machame Route,Marangu Route,Tanzania 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.penfamtours.com [Source type: General]

    Hiking time: 6 hours

Drink

A lot of water.

Sleep

Lodging

Lodging on the mountain is limited to desginated campsites. Cave sleeping is now prohibited. A number of huts are available, but generally not advisable. .Pre-climb lodging is generally found in Moshi or Arusha.^ Arusha Aug 25, 2009 2 people found this review helpful I have just recently used ‘Focus in Africa’ for climbing Mt Kilimanjaro.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro - Kilimanjaro National Park - Reviews of Mount Kilimanjaro - TripAdvisor 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.tripadvisor.com [Source type: General]

^ While on the climb, your main luggage will be placed in storage at the Arusha lodge.
  • Africa - Tanzania: Kilimanjaro Climb Marangu Route and Wildlife Safari - Adventure Travel Trips from REI Adventures 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.rei.com [Source type: General]

^ Kilimanjaro using the Lemosho route, staying overnight in the Crater Transportation to and from Kilimanjaro climb and airport transfers to Karama Lodge (if taking a shuttle from Nairobi to Arusha).
  • Eastern Mountain Sports Climbing School 17 January 2010 0:36 UTC emsclimb.com [Source type: General]

Contact

.GSM mobile phone coverage is available on the summit of the mountain.^ The summit of Kilimanjaro is covered by a GSM mobile phone network, provided by Vodacom.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro Umbwe Route 8 days,Africa Highest peak Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.continentalsafaris.com [Source type: General]

^ It lost its claim as the highest point in the world with mobile phone service, as China Mobile now provides coverage at the top of Mt.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro Umbwe Route 8 days,Africa Highest peak Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.continentalsafaris.com [Source type: General]

Stay safe

.Several immunizations are recommended for yellow fever, tetanus, typhoid, polio, Havrix, and an anti-malaria prophylactic.^ I took Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B (not required for trip but mine had ran out), Typhoid, Tetanus and Diptheria, Yellow fever and Meningitis C. On top of that I come nak 4 Malaria tablets- Lariam ( fit make person craze 5 ) and Diamox for altitude sickness prophylaxis ( I no sure say the thing work 6 ).
  • Wilson Edojarievwe Orhiunu's Travelogue on Climbing Kilimanjaro 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.waado.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Malaria Malaria occurs below 1800 meters and you should use the recommended prophylactics.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro | USAMBARA EXPEDITIONS 2 February 2010 16:22 UTC www.usambaraexp.com [Source type: General]

^ We also advise you to be up date with traditional vaccinations: diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis, typhoid fever.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

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Wikipedia has an article on:
Singular
Mount Kilimanjaro
Plural
-
Mount Kilimanjaro
  1. A mountain in northeastern Tanzania; the highest peak in Africa

Simple English

File:Kibo summit of Mt Kilimanjaro
Kibo summit of Mt Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro (or Kilima Njaro, which means "shining mountain" in Swahili), formerly Kaiser-Wilhelm-Spitze, is a mountain in northeastern Tanzania. Kilimanjaro is the tallest free-standing mountain rise in the world, rising 4600 meters (15,000 ft) from the base, and includes the highest peak in Africa at 5,895 meters (19,340 ft). It gives a dramatic view from the surrounding plains.

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Mt. kilimanjaro is also a strato-like volcano. It has explosive eruptions. The last major eruption was about 100,000 years ago.

krc:Килиманджаро


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 17, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Mount Kilimanjaro, which are similar to those in the above article.








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