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Mount Sinai Hospital
Mount Sinai from Central Park
Location One Gustave L. Levy Place, 1190 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York, United States
Organization
Hospital type University, Teaching
Affiliated university Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Beds 1,171
Founded 1852
Website home page
Lists Hospitals in the United States

Mount Sinai Hospital, founded in 1852, is one of the oldest and largest teaching hospitals in the United States. In 2009, Mount Sinai Hospital was ranked as one of the best hospitals in the U.S. by U.S. News & World Report in 11 specialties.[1]

Located on the eastern border of Central Park, at 100th Street and Fifth Avenue, in New York City's Manhattan, Mount Sinai has a number of hospital affiliates in the New York metropolitan area, and an additional campus, the Mount Sinai Hospital of Queens.

The hospital is also affiliated with one of the foremost centers of medical education and biomedical research, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, which opened in September 1968.[2] Together, the two comprise the Mount Sinai Medical Center.

Contents

Awards and recognition

  • New York Magazine's inaugural "Best Hospitals" list ranked Mount Sinai Medical Center as #2 for overall best hospital, #3 for emergency care, #3 for pediatrics, #4 for ENT, #3 for psychiatry, #3 for cancer, #3 for cardiac care, #1 for digestive disorders, #5 for orthopedics, #2 for OB-GYN, and #3 for neurology/neurosurgery.[4]
  • New York Magazine’s 2009 "Best Doctors" issue lists 179 Mount Sinai faculty and staff, including those who serve at an affiliated institution.[5]
  • The American Society for Bariatric Surgery named Mount Sinai a "Surgery Center of Excellence."[6]
  • In 2009, The Scientist magazine ranked Mount Sinai School of Medicine 15th overall in their “Best Places to Work in Academia” survey.[7]
  • In 2009, the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC)'s Magnet Award for Nursing Excellence was awarded to Mount Sinai – the first full-service hospital in New York City to achieve redesignation. Only six percent of hospitals in the nation have received Magnet designation, and only two percent have received redesignation.[8]
  • In 2008, Mount Sinai was recognized for improved performance in Thomson Reuters' "100 Top Hospitals" list. The Mount Sinai Medical Center, as a major teaching hospital, was the only hospital in Manhattan, New York to be awarded this high honor.[10]
  • In 2006, Mount Sinai and its advertising agency, DeVito/Verdi, took home the highest honors at the 23rd Annual Healthcare Advertising Awards. The campaign was awarded top prize in the Large Hospitals Group for three different categories: Magazine, Billboard and Radio.[11]

Areas of concentration

Specialty Condition
Heart Cardiomyopathy, Congestive heart failure, Mitral regurgitation, Angina, Arrhythmias, Aortic aneurysm, Mitral valve prolapse, Heart Attack, Atrial fibrillation, Septal defects
Brain Epilepsy, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Cerebral palsy, Arteriovenous malformations, Alzheimer’s disease, Multiple sclerosis, Brain cancer
Organ Transplants Renal failure, Liver cirrhosis, Cystic fibrosis, Short gut syndrome, Congestive heart failure, Primary pulmonary hypertension, Laryngeal cancer,
Cancer Melanoma, Breast cancer, Lung cancer, Wilms tumor, Glioma, Colorectal cancer, Gastric cancer,Hepatoma, Esophageal cancer, Pheochromocytoma, Kaposi’s sarcoma, Ovarian cancer
Gastrointestinal Conditions Gastric ulcer, Irritable bowel syndrome, Ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, Food allergy, Spastic colon, Gallstones
Women Anorexia nervosa, Breast cancer, Heart attack, Osteoporosis, Parkinson’s disease, Colorectal cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, Human papillomavirus, Iron-deficiency anemia
Children Obesity, Congestive heart failure, Asthma, Myocarditis, Hypothyroidism, Food allergy, Juvenile diabetes, Cushing's syndrome, Sleep apnea
Bone, Joint and Spine Tennis elbow, Anterior cruciate ligament, Torn meniscus, Carpal tunnel syndrome, Chondromalacia patella, Scoliosis, Bone fracture, Rotator cuff injury, Herniated disk, Osteoarthritis, Bunion, Spinal stenosis
Rehabilitation Medicine Traumatic Brain Injury, Spinal cord injury, Stroke, Anoxic brain injury, Amputee, Fluroscopic guided spinal injection, Acupuncture, Joint replacement
Palliative Care Breast cancer, Pancreatic cancer, Lung cancer, Emphysema, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Colorectal cancer, Coma, Alzheimer’s disease, Renal failure, AIDS, Liver cirrhosis, Brain Cancer
HIV/AIDS Toxoplasmosis, Hepatitis C, Tuberculosis, Cryptosporidiosis, Kaposi’s sarcoma, Aspergillosis
Diabetes Obesity, Cardiomyopathy, Cholecystitis, Kidney failure, Diabetic foot ulcer, Coma, Atherosclerosis, Enuresis, Gangrene

History

The hospital, from a postcard sent in 1920

"Firsts" at Mount Sinai Hospital

A significant number of diseases were first described at Mount Sinai Hospital in the last 150+ years including Brill's disease, Buerger's disease, Churg-Strauss disease, collagen disease, Crohn's disease, eosinophilic granuloma of bone, Glomus Jugulare Tumor, Libman-Sacks disease, Moschcowitz disease, and Tay-Sachs disease.[13]

Other "firsts" include:

Significant events

Date Event
1855 “The Jews’ Hospital” opens for patients on June 5[24].
1866 To free itself of racial or religious distinction, The Jews' Hospital changes it name to “The Mount Sinai Hospital.”
1872 First women appointed to professional positions.
1886 The Eye and Ear Service is created; Dr. Josephine Walter, the first American woman to serve a formal internship, is granted a diploma.
1908 Dr. Rueben Ottenberg is the first to perform blood transfusions with routine compatibility test and to point out that blood groups are hereditary.
1919 Dr. I.C. Rubin introduces the use of peruterine insufflation of the fallopian tubes for the diagnosis and treatment of sterility in women.
1928 Dr. Moses Swick develops a method for introducing radio-opaque media into the blood stream for visualization of the urinary tract.
1932 Crohn's Disease, a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestine, is identified by Drs. Burrill Crohn, Leon Ginzburg and Gordon D. Oppenheimer.
1938 The nation’s second blood bank is created.
1955 The Jack Martin Respirator Center admits its first polio patients.
1962 Dr. Arthur Grishman receives the first medical data, a cardiogram, transmitted successfully via the telephone lines.
1963 The New York State Board of Regents grants a charter for the establishment of a school of medicine.
1968 The Graduate School of Biological Sciences admits its first students.
1974 The Adolescent Health Center is established – the first primary care program in New York designed specifically for the needs of adolescents.
1982 The Department of Geriatrics and Adult Development is created – the first such department in an American medical school.
1989 The Center for Excellence in Youth Education is established.
1992 The Department of Human Genetics is established.

Overview

As U.S. cities grew more crowded in the mid-19th Century, philanthropist Sampson Simson (b 1780, d 1857) founded a hospital to address the needs of New York's rapidly growing Jewish immigrant community. It was the second Jewish hospital in the United States.

The Jews' Hospital, as it was then called, was built on 28th Street in Manhattan, between 7th & 8th Avenues, on land donated by Simson; it opened two years before Simson's death. Four years later, it would be unexpectedly filled to capacity with soldiers from the Civil War.[21][25]

The Jews' Hospital felt the effects of the escalating Civil War in other ways, as staff doctors and board members were called in to service: Dr. Israel Moses served four years as Lieutenant Colonel in the 72nd;[26] Joseph Seligman had to resign as a member of the Board of Directors as he was increasingly called upon by President Lincoln for advice on the country's growing financial crisis.[27][28]

The Draft Riots of 1863 again strained the resources of the new hospital, as draft inequities and a shortage of qualified men increased racial tensions in New York City. As the Jews' Hospital struggled to tend to the many wounded, outside its walls over one hundred men, women and children were killed in the riots.[29]

More and more, the Jews' hospital was finding itself an integral part of the general community. In 1866, to reflect this new-found role, it changed its name.

Now called Mount Sinai Hospital, the institution forged relationships with prescient 19th century medical scholars, including Henry N. Heineman, Frederick S. Mandelbaum, Charles A. Elsberg, Emanuel Libman, Alma de Leon Hendriks, Kate Rich, and, most significantly, Abraham Jacobi, a champion of construction at the hospital's new site on Manhattan's Upper East Side in 1904.[30]

The early 20th century saw the population of New York City explode. That, coupled with many new discoveries at Mount Sinai (including significant advances in blood transfusions and the first portable anesthesia apparatus), meant that Mount Sinai's pool of doctors and experts was in increasing demand. From 1905 to 1911, inpatient and outpatient visits doubled.[31] A $1.35 million expansion of the hospital (equivalent to over 30 million in 2008 based on historical consumer price indexes)[32] raced to keep pace with demand.

With tensions in Europe escalating, a committee dedicated to finding placements for doctors fleeing Nazi Germany was founded in 1933. With the help of the National Committee for the Resettlement of Foreign Physicians, Mount Sinai Hospital became a new home for a large number of émigrés.

When war broke out, Mount Sinai was the first hospital to throw open its doors to Red Cross nurses' aides; the hospital trained thousands in its effort to reduce the nursing shortage in the States. Meanwhile, the President of the Medical Board, George Baehr, was called by President Roosevelt to serve as the nation's Chief Medical Director of the Office of Civilian Defense.[33]

These wartime roles would be eclipsed, however, when the men and women of Mount Sinai's Third General Hospital set sail for Casablanca, eventually setting up a 1,000 bed hospital in war-torn Tunisia. Before moving to tend to the needs of soldiers in Italy and France, the unit had treated more than 5,000 wounded soldiers.[34]

Since the relative peace following World War II, Mount Sinai has welcomed the first graduating class of the Mount Sinai School of Medicine (in 1970); the 1980s saw a $500 million hospital expansion, including the construction of the Guggenheim Pavilion, the first medical facility designed by I.M. Pei; and it has made significant contributions to gene therapy, cardiology, immunotherapy, organ transplants, cancer treatments and minimally invasive surgery.

Noteworthy individuals

Famous patients

Famous benefactors

  • Leon Black donated $10 million to create the Black Family Stem Cell Institute.[53]
  • Carl Icahn donated $25 million to Mount Sinai Medical Center for advanced medical research; a large building primarily devoted to research was renamed from the "East Building" to the "Icahn Medical Institute."[54]
  • Frederick Klingenstein and wife Sharon Klingenstein donated $75 million, the largest single gift in the history of Mount Sinai, to establish an institute for scientific research and create a scholarship fund.[55]
  • Henry Kravis and wife Marie-Josée Kravis donated $15 million to establish the "Center for Cardiovascular Health" as well as funding a professorship.
  • Derald Ruttenberg donated $7 million to establish the Ruttenberg Cancer Center at Mount Sinai and later contributed $8 million more.[56]
  • Martha Stewart donated $5 million to start the Martha Stewart Center for Living at Mount Sinai Hospital. The center promotes access to medical care and offers support to caregivers needing referrals or education.[57]
  • James S. Tisch and wife Merryl H. Tisch donated $40 million to establish The Tisch Cancer Institute, a state-of-the-art, patient-oriented comprehensive cancer care and research facility.[58]

Famous staff

Further reading

References

  1. ^ U.S. News & World Report: America's Best Hospitals 2009-10, accessed September 11, 2009.
  2. ^ Mount Sinai School of Medicine: History - The Early Years, 1963-1973, accessed December 8, 2006.
  3. ^ U.S. News and World Report: America's Best Hospitals 2009-2010 Mount Sinai Medical Center, retrieved September 11, 2009
  4. ^ New York Magazine: Best Hospitals 2006
  5. ^ New York Magazine: Best Doctors 2009
  6. ^ Mount Sinai Medical Center Named Bariatric Surgery Center of Excellence
  7. ^ The Scientist: Best Places to Work 2009
  8. ^ Mount Sinai Celebrates Magnet Award Redesignation
  9. ^ Academy honors Mount Sinai Medical Center with Humanitarian Award retrieved March 12, 2010
  10. ^ Mount Sinai Recognized for Improved Performance by New Study
  11. ^ "Three Award Shows Honor DeVito/Verdi for Its Mount Sinai Hospital Advertising; Ad Agency Picks Up Precious Metals at Industry Creative Competitions", April 27, 2006, retrieved 18 June 2009
  12. ^ Earth Times: Mount Sinai and Dr. Samin K. Sharma lauded as 'best center' in New York State for angioplasty retrieved April 28, 2008
  13. ^ a b Mount Sinai - Timeline of Accomplishments retrieved April 25, 2008
  14. ^ New York Sun - Martha Stewart Center for Living Does a Mother Proud retrieved on April 24, 2008
  15. ^ TheScientist.com - Mount Sinai School of MedicineS erving Science and Society retrieved on April 24, 2008
  16. ^ New York Times - First Liver Transplant in New York Performed retrieved on April 24, 2008
  17. ^ American Society of Clinical Oncology retrieved on April 24, 2008
  18. ^ MountSinai.org Timeline of Firsts retrieved on April 24 2008
  19. ^ AllBusiness.com - An Interview with Dr. Edwin Kilbourne retrieved on April 24, 2008
  20. ^ mssm.com - History of Otology and Neuro-otology at Mount Sinai retrieved on April 24, 2008
  21. ^ a b c This House of Noble Deeds, Mount Sinai Hospital, 1852 - 2002, Arthur H. Aufses, Jr. and Barbara J. Niss, New York University Press
  22. ^ Daily News - Eric M. Genden: "Jaw-Droppin' Op a Success" Retrieved April 30, 2008
  23. ^ New York Times "Cardiogram Data Transmitted Here From West Coast"
  24. ^ Jews of New York accessed April 24, 2008.
  25. ^ Mount Sinai: The Evolution of a Mission
  26. ^ The Chattanooga Civil War Round Table
  27. ^ The Civil War Dictionary
  28. ^ From Pack Peddler to International Banker: The Life and Times of Joseph Seligman
  29. ^ Answers.com – New York Draft Riots
  30. ^ FAQs.org – Abraham Jacobi Biography
  31. ^ Letters to the Editor, New York Times, Jan 28, 1908
  32. ^ Measuringworth.com
  33. ^ American Journal of Public Health, June 1943
  34. ^ Veterans' History Project: Interview with Isabelle Cook
  35. ^ BBC News Article
  36. ^ Ann Bancroft and Mel Brooks Marriage Profile
  37. ^ Chessville.com Retrieved August 11, 2008
  38. ^ New York Times: Placido Domingo Has Surgery for Colon Cancer
  39. ^ Pettinger, Peter. "How My Heart Sings"
  40. ^ New York Times: Mayor Undergoes Cancer Treatment
  41. ^ New York Times: Lionel Hampton is Dead at 94 Retrieved August 11, 2008
  42. ^ New York Times: Senator Lautenberg Learns He Has Cancer
  43. ^ Al Lewis Biography at TV.com
  44. ^ CNN
  45. ^ Patient.co.uk: Libman-Sacks Endocarditis Retrieved 2008-08-11
  46. ^ Pulitzer Prize Winner Norman Mailer Dies - Tributes, Norman Mailer : People.com
  47. ^ New York Times: Harpo Marx is Dead at 70 Retrieved August 11, 2008
  48. ^ People.com: Gwyneth Paltrow Has a Boy - Birth, Chris Martin, Gwyneth Paltrow
  49. ^ New York Times: Paterson Undergoes Eye Surgery for Glaucoma
  50. ^ New York Times: U.N. Chief Has Heart Surgery
  51. ^ E! Online: Ben Stiller: The Hand-Break Kid
  52. ^ Liv Tyler Biography on RottenTomatoes
  53. ^ Mount Sinai School of Medicine establishes Stem Cell Institute
  54. ^ New York Times: Mount Sinai Gets $25 Million Gift
  55. ^ New York Times: Financier Gives $75 Million To Mt. Sinai Medical School
  56. ^ Derald H. Ruttenberg, 88, Quiet Deal Maker, Dies
  57. ^ "Senate panel calls on Martha Stewart, USA TODAY
  58. ^ $40 Million Donation Establishes Cancer Institute at The Mount Sinai Medical Center
  59. ^ "Diversity in Suspense," The American Spectator, July 9, 2009
  60. ^ Jonas Salk Biography on Answers.com

External links








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