|Mount Sinai from Central Park|
|Location||One Gustave L. Levy Place, 1190 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York, United States|
|Hospital type||University, Teaching|
|Affiliated university||Mount Sinai School of Medicine|
|Lists||Hospitals in the United States|
Mount Sinai Hospital, founded in 1852, is one of the oldest and largest teaching hospitals in the United States. In 2009, Mount Sinai Hospital was ranked as one of the best hospitals in the U.S. by U.S. News & World Report in 11 specialties.
Located on the eastern border of Central Park, at 100th Street and Fifth Avenue, in New York City's Manhattan, Mount Sinai has a number of hospital affiliates in the New York metropolitan area, and an additional campus, the Mount Sinai Hospital of Queens.
The hospital is also affiliated with one of the foremost centers of medical education and biomedical research, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, which opened in September 1968. Together, the two comprise the Mount Sinai Medical Center.
|Heart||Cardiomyopathy, Congestive heart failure, Mitral regurgitation, Angina, Arrhythmias, Aortic aneurysm, Mitral valve prolapse, Heart Attack, Atrial fibrillation, Septal defects|
|Brain||Epilepsy, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Cerebral palsy, Arteriovenous malformations, Alzheimer’s disease, Multiple sclerosis, Brain cancer|
|Organ Transplants||Renal failure, Liver cirrhosis, Cystic fibrosis, Short gut syndrome, Congestive heart failure, Primary pulmonary hypertension, Laryngeal cancer,|
|Cancer||Melanoma, Breast cancer, Lung cancer, Wilms tumor, Glioma, Colorectal cancer, Gastric cancer,Hepatoma, Esophageal cancer, Pheochromocytoma, Kaposi’s sarcoma, Ovarian cancer|
|Gastrointestinal Conditions||Gastric ulcer, Irritable bowel syndrome, Ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, Food allergy, Spastic colon, Gallstones|
|Women||Anorexia nervosa, Breast cancer, Heart attack, Osteoporosis, Parkinson’s disease, Colorectal cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, Human papillomavirus, Iron-deficiency anemia|
|Children||Obesity, Congestive heart failure, Asthma, Myocarditis, Hypothyroidism, Food allergy, Juvenile diabetes, Cushing's syndrome, Sleep apnea|
|Bone, Joint and Spine||Tennis elbow, Anterior cruciate ligament, Torn meniscus, Carpal tunnel syndrome, Chondromalacia patella, Scoliosis, Bone fracture, Rotator cuff injury, Herniated disk, Osteoarthritis, Bunion, Spinal stenosis|
|Rehabilitation Medicine||Traumatic Brain Injury, Spinal cord injury, Stroke, Anoxic brain injury, Amputee, Fluroscopic guided spinal injection, Acupuncture, Joint replacement|
|Palliative Care||Breast cancer, Pancreatic cancer, Lung cancer, Emphysema, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Colorectal cancer, Coma, Alzheimer’s disease, Renal failure, AIDS, Liver cirrhosis, Brain Cancer|
|HIV/AIDS||Toxoplasmosis, Hepatitis C, Tuberculosis, Cryptosporidiosis, Kaposi’s sarcoma, Aspergillosis|
|Diabetes||Obesity, Cardiomyopathy, Cholecystitis, Kidney failure, Diabetic foot ulcer, Coma, Atherosclerosis, Enuresis, Gangrene|
A significant number of diseases were first described at Mount Sinai Hospital in the last 150+ years including Brill's disease, Buerger's disease, Churg-Strauss disease, collagen disease, Crohn's disease, eosinophilic granuloma of bone, Glomus Jugulare Tumor, Libman-Sacks disease, Moschcowitz disease, and Tay-Sachs disease.
Other "firsts" include:
|1855||“The Jews’ Hospital” opens for patients on June 5.|
|1866||To free itself of racial or religious distinction, The Jews' Hospital changes it name to “The Mount Sinai Hospital.”|
|1872||First women appointed to professional positions.|
|1886||The Eye and Ear Service is created; Dr. Josephine Walter, the first American woman to serve a formal internship, is granted a diploma.|
|1908||Dr. Rueben Ottenberg is the first to perform blood transfusions with routine compatibility test and to point out that blood groups are hereditary.|
|1919||Dr. I.C. Rubin introduces the use of peruterine insufflation of the fallopian tubes for the diagnosis and treatment of sterility in women.|
|1928||Dr. Moses Swick develops a method for introducing radio-opaque media into the blood stream for visualization of the urinary tract.|
|1932||Crohn's Disease, a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestine, is identified by Drs. Burrill Crohn, Leon Ginzburg and Gordon D. Oppenheimer.|
|1938||The nation’s second blood bank is created.|
|1955||The Jack Martin Respirator Center admits its first polio patients.|
|1962||Dr. Arthur Grishman receives the first medical data, a cardiogram, transmitted successfully via the telephone lines.|
|1963||The New York State Board of Regents grants a charter for the establishment of a school of medicine.|
|1968||The Graduate School of Biological Sciences admits its first students.|
|1974||The Adolescent Health Center is established – the first primary care program in New York designed specifically for the needs of adolescents.|
|1982||The Department of Geriatrics and Adult Development is created – the first such department in an American medical school.|
|1989||The Center for Excellence in Youth Education is established.|
|1992||The Department of Human Genetics is established.|
As U.S. cities grew more crowded in the mid-19th Century, philanthropist Sampson Simson (b 1780, d 1857) founded a hospital to address the needs of New York's rapidly growing Jewish immigrant community. It was the second Jewish hospital in the United States.
The Jews' Hospital, as it was then called, was built on 28th Street in Manhattan, between 7th & 8th Avenues, on land donated by Simson; it opened two years before Simson's death. Four years later, it would be unexpectedly filled to capacity with soldiers from the Civil War.
The Jews' Hospital felt the effects of the escalating Civil War in other ways, as staff doctors and board members were called in to service: Dr. Israel Moses served four years as Lieutenant Colonel in the 72nd; Joseph Seligman had to resign as a member of the Board of Directors as he was increasingly called upon by President Lincoln for advice on the country's growing financial crisis.
The Draft Riots of 1863 again strained the resources of the new hospital, as draft inequities and a shortage of qualified men increased racial tensions in New York City. As the Jews' Hospital struggled to tend to the many wounded, outside its walls over one hundred men, women and children were killed in the riots.
More and more, the Jews' hospital was finding itself an integral part of the general community. In 1866, to reflect this new-found role, it changed its name.
Now called Mount Sinai Hospital, the institution forged relationships with prescient 19th century medical scholars, including Henry N. Heineman, Frederick S. Mandelbaum, Charles A. Elsberg, Emanuel Libman, Alma de Leon Hendriks, Kate Rich, and, most significantly, Abraham Jacobi, a champion of construction at the hospital's new site on Manhattan's Upper East Side in 1904.
The early 20th century saw the population of New York City explode. That, coupled with many new discoveries at Mount Sinai (including significant advances in blood transfusions and the first portable anesthesia apparatus), meant that Mount Sinai's pool of doctors and experts was in increasing demand. From 1905 to 1911, inpatient and outpatient visits doubled. A $1.35 million expansion of the hospital (equivalent to over 30 million in 2008 based on historical consumer price indexes) raced to keep pace with demand.
With tensions in Europe escalating, a committee dedicated to finding placements for doctors fleeing Nazi Germany was founded in 1933. With the help of the National Committee for the Resettlement of Foreign Physicians, Mount Sinai Hospital became a new home for a large number of émigrés.
When war broke out, Mount Sinai was the first hospital to throw open its doors to Red Cross nurses' aides; the hospital trained thousands in its effort to reduce the nursing shortage in the States. Meanwhile, the President of the Medical Board, George Baehr, was called by President Roosevelt to serve as the nation's Chief Medical Director of the Office of Civilian Defense.
These wartime roles would be eclipsed, however, when the men and women of Mount Sinai's Third General Hospital set sail for Casablanca, eventually setting up a 1,000 bed hospital in war-torn Tunisia. Before moving to tend to the needs of soldiers in Italy and France, the unit had treated more than 5,000 wounded soldiers.
Since the relative peace following World War II, Mount Sinai has welcomed the first graduating class of the Mount Sinai School of Medicine (in 1970); the 1980s saw a $500 million hospital expansion, including the construction of the Guggenheim Pavilion, the first medical facility designed by I.M. Pei; and it has made significant contributions to gene therapy, cardiology, immunotherapy, organ transplants, cancer treatments and minimally invasive surgery.