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A 16 mm spring-wound Bolex H16 Reflex camera, a popular introductory camera in film schools
World cinema
East Asian cinema
South Asian cinema
Southeast Asian cinema
West Asian cinema
.Film encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry.^ Beverly Hills, CA As part of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Gold Standard screening series, the classic animated film Sleeping Beauty will be presented on Friday, July 18, at 7:30 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ A completed online entry form must be submitted to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences by 5 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Beverly Hills, CA The deadline for U.S. student filmmakers to submit their films for consideration in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 35th Student Academy Awards is Tuesday, April 1.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Films (also referred to as movies or motion pictures) are produced by recording images from the world with cameras, or by creating images using animation techniques or visual effects.^ Through his autobiography, The Kid Stays in the Picture, the film based on that book, his ongoing producing career and his reputation for a colorful personal life, Evans has become an icon to filmmakers and movie lovers alike.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Beverly Hills, CA A screening of a digitally restored 35mm print of Charlie Chaplins Modern Times (1936) and an examination of rare behind-the-scenes photographs that reveal the techniques used in creating the films special effects will be featured in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Techno Chaplin program hosted by visual effects supervisor Craig Barron and silent film author John Bengtson on Thursday, July 24, at 8 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Beverly Hills, CA The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences will present Linwood Dunn: Celebrating a Visual Effects Pioneer, a program exploring the contributions of Linwood Dunn and the techniques he used in creating optical effects for Orson Welless Citizen Kane, on Friday, October 9, at 8 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Films are cultural artifacts created by specific cultures, which reflect those cultures, and, in turn, affect them.^ Creating Rithu, the movie Jounalist turned scriptwriter Joshua Newtonn talks about writing for the Malayalam film.
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.Film is considered to be an important art form, a source of popular entertainment and a powerful method for educating — or indoctrinating — citizens.^ For a feature film to be considered for the 2008 Awards, the films distributor or producer must file an OSC form with the Academy by 5 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ For a feature film to be considered for the 2009 Awards, the films distributor or producer must file an OSC form with the Academy by 5 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ For an achievement to be considered in the Original Score or Original Song category, the principal music writer(s) for a feature film must submit an official music submission form by 5 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.The visual elements of cinema give motion pictures a universal power of communication.^ Hollywoods Censor tells the little-known story of Joseph I. Breen, one of the most powerful men in motion picture industry history.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Striving to protect innocent souls from the temptations of the motion picture screen, there were few elements of cinematic production beyond Breens reach.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

Some films have become popular worldwide attractions by using dubbing or subtitles that translate the dialogue.
.Films are made up of a series of individual images called frames.^ Bollywood calling Kannada actor Sudeep Sudeep has back to back releases lined up and they are not all Kannada films.
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^ It is quite obvious the both of you have made up your minds about the film.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The network realized this and ended up giving them more freedom and the series made a strong comeback in its final season.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

When these images are shown rapidly in succession, a viewer has the illusion that motion is occurring. The viewer cannot see the flickering between frames due to an effect known as persistence of vision, whereby the eye retains a visual image for a fraction of a second after the source has been removed. Viewers perceive motion due to a psychological effect called beta movement.
.The origin of the name "film" comes from the fact that photographic film (also called film stock) has historically been the primary medium for recording and displaying motion pictures.^ Beverly Hills, CA The deadline for U.S. student filmmakers to submit their films for consideration in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 35th Student Academy Awards is Tuesday, April 1.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ I wrote a popular essay on the development of the Star Wars films back in 1999 called Star Wars Origins (http://www.moongadget.com/origins); over 1.1 million unique visitors.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

.Many other terms exist for an individual motion picture, including picture, picture show, moving picture, photo-play and flick.^ Films submitted in the Animated Feature Film category also may qualify for Academy Awards in other categories, including Best Picture, provided they meet the requirements for those categories.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

A common name for film in the United States is movie, while in Europe the term cinema is preferred. .Additional terms for the field in general include the big screen, the silver screen, the cinema and the movies.^ Could you produce a big screen movie?
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^ Where The Wild Things Are, the movie A look at the big screen adaptation of Maurice Sendak's classic of the same name.
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Contents

History

Charlie Chaplin, the Marriage Bond.ogg
A clip from the Charlie Chaplin silent film, The Bond (1918)
.Preceding film by thousands of years, plays and dances had elements common to film: scripts, sets, costumes, production, direction, actors, audiences, storyboards, and scores.^ A chat with Rajendra Prasad, the actor who plays a gun-toting cowboy in this year's promising comedy, Quick Gun Murugun.
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^ When Suresh Gopi became a psychiatrist Looking at the actor's latest Malayalam film Sadgamaya directed by Harikumar.
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^ With input from the films director and production designer, the set decorator makes decisions about furniture, fabrics, color, personal items and other objects that serve to give the audience a window into the characters mind and heart.
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.Much terminology later used in film theory and criticism applied, such as mise en scene (roughly, the entire visual picture at any one time).^ Also, the whole “Black Hole” thing actually made me sit up in the theater and go “wha?” First they use one to time travel, and then get destroyed by one?
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ (In reality, this film is the one that deserves the title: “Star Trek, The Motion Picture”.
  • BLAST-OFF! ‘Star Trek’ Opens To $26.8M Friday, $27.4M Saturday, $21.2M Sunday = $79.3M Weekend (Incl $4M Thursday): Attracted Audience Well Beyond Trekkies – Deadline.com 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.deadline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The description of the visuals that are seemingly "conjured by artists in the 1960s and bolstered by effects from decades later" is dead-on, and this was one of the things that added some "glue" to the whole feel of the film.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Moving visual and aural images were not recorded for replaying as in film.^ Big B steals the show at Mumbai film fest The actor was honoured with a lifetime achievement award by the Mumbai Academy of Moving Images on the grand finale.
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.The camera obscura was pioneered by Alhazen in his Book of Optics (1021),[1][2][3] and later near the year 1600, it was perfected by Giambattista della Porta.^ The typical advance for later novels, after a typical number of 5-7 years and 5-7 books is $12,500.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

Light is inverted through a small hole or lens from outside, and projected onto a surface or screen, creating a moving image, but it is not preserved in a recording.
.In the 1860s, mechanisms for producing two-dimensional drawings in motion were demonstrated with devices such as the zoetrope, mutoscope and praxinoscope.^ Solving a series of problems with one integrated mechanism, this device had an immediate and significant impact on the motion picture industry.
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^ The achievement can be a device or a discovery, a formula or a method, but it must demonstrate a proven record of contributing significant value to the process of making motion pictures.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.These machines were outgrowths of simple optical devices (such as magic lanterns) and would display sequences of still pictures at sufficient speed for the images on the pictures to appear to be moving, a phenomenon called persistence of vision.^ If these aren't monolithic "cultures," such as they're "cultures" at all, and not just single-word descriptions, I don't what would constitute a monolithic culture.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ So from Titan, the rings would appear edge-on (in the image here, the rings are very nearly edge-on and you can see Titan behind them, as well as the tiny moon Epimetheus).
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

.Naturally the images needed to be carefully designed to achieve the desired effect, and the underlying principle became the basis for the development of film animation.^ Images: Designing Kandasamy Thota Tharani talks about the spectacular sets of the Tamil film.
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^ Developed for the digital intermediate and motion picture visual effects markets, the Northlight scanner was designed with a 6K CCD sensor, making it unique in its ability to produce high-resolution scans of 35mm, 8-perf film frames.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.With the development of celluloid film for still photography, it became possible to directly capture objects in motion in real time.^ When reality became reel scripts Here's a look at ten such memorable films.
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^ To Mark Wolforth and Tony Sedivy for their contributions to the development of the Truelight real-time 3D look-up table hardware system.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Lustre is a software solution that enables non-linear, real-time digital color grading across an entire feature film, emulating the photochemical color-timing process.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.An 1878 experiment by Eadweard Muybridge in the United States using 24 cameras produced a series of stereoscopic images of a galloping horse, arguably the first "motion picture," though it was not called by this name.^ Beverly Hills, CA An Oscar statuette earned by Frank Capras 1942 documentary Prelude to War, the first film in the United States Army Special Services seven-picture Why We Fight series, has been removed from the auction block and was returned to the care of the U.S. Army this evening (9/3/08).
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Solving a series of problems with one integrated mechanism, this device had an immediate and significant impact on the motion picture industry.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.This technology required a person to look into a viewing machine to see the pictures which were separate paper prints attached to a drum turned by a handcrank.^ The scene after that is when Bella first see's Jacob turn into a wolf when he fights his friends.
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^ And if you see the new official one thats in bandslam you can tell its when paul turns into a wolf.
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ X3 look closely to Bella's outfit in the Laurent scene and then look at it when Jake turns into a wolf...it changes so that means Jakes not changing to save her from Laurent but from something else...
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The pictures were shown at a variable speed of about 5 to 10 pictures per second, depending on how rapidly the crank was turned.^ Their speed was a little less than a kilometer per second, which sounds about right.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Sean Says: May 12th, 2009 at 10:41 am Ya know, you do have a point about the varied speed in all the movies and series.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Two objects fall at the same speed, and Sulu had a good 10 second lead on his fall… .
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

Commercial versions of these machines were coin operated.
A frame from Roundhay Garden Scene, the world's earliest film produced using a motion picture camera, by Louis Le Prince, 1888
.By the 1880s the development of the motion picture camera allowed the individual component images to be captured and stored on a single reel, and led quickly to the development of a motion picture projector to shine light through the processed and printed film and magnify these "moving picture shows" onto a screen for an entire audience.^ Beverly Hills, CA As part of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Gold Standard screening series, the classic animated film Sleeping Beauty will be presented on Friday, July 18, at 7:30 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The first part of the series comprises 14 films that will screen on Wednesday evenings through December 3.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Beverly Hills, CA The deadline for U.S. student filmmakers to submit their films for consideration in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 35th Student Academy Awards is Tuesday, April 1.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.These reels, so exhibited, came to be known as "motion pictures". Early motion pictures were static shots that showed an event or action with no editing or other cinematic techniques.^ The Minbari have no described subcultures, but they have clans, "which are quite different from each other" in ways I can't describe, because JMS never showed, but told, and I believe it must be so!
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ No villain death event or even any fight scene action takes place too quickly for the characters to say all that they want to say about it, even if it’s only “No!
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

.Ignoring Dickson's early sound experiments (1894), commercial motion pictures were purely visual art through the late 19th century, but these innovative silent films had gained a hold on the public imagination.^ Beverly Hills, CA As part of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Gold Standard screening series, the classic animated film Sleeping Beauty will be presented on Friday, July 18, at 7:30 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ A completed online entry form must be submitted to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences by 5 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Beverly Hills, CA The deadline for U.S. student filmmakers to submit their films for consideration in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 35th Student Academy Awards is Tuesday, April 1.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

Around the turn of the twentieth century, films began developing a narrative structure by stringing scenes together to tell narratives. .The scenes were later broken up into multiple shots of varying sizes and angles.^ CullenLova If you watch closely, the shot where Bella is in the woods with Laurent and then the shot where Jacob changes into a wolf in front of her are from different scenes because Bella has different clothes on.
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^ Taylor said those scenes are out of order so do not get all upset it's just edited together and those wolf shots come later when Paul attacks Bella.
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the US they both ended up being broken into multiple paperbacks.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

.Other techniques such as camera movement were realized as effective ways to portray a story on film.^ In addition to the feature film, other elements from each year, such as short subjects, behind-the-scenes footage, trailers and music, will be incorporated into each evenings program.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ It’s not that the movie couldn’t stand by itself as a good film, it’s more that I was hoping to see a brilliant way of making the original story line jive with this new “episode”.
  • BLAST-OFF! ‘Star Trek’ Opens To $26.8M Friday, $27.4M Saturday, $21.2M Sunday = $79.3M Weekend (Incl $4M Thursday): Attracted Audience Well Beyond Trekkies – Deadline.com 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.deadline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However I think you did it in the best way – pointing out the problems without really mocking it or making it seem stupid to have enjoyed the film.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

.Rather than leave the audience in silence, theater owners would hire a pianist or organist or a full orchestra to play music fitting the mood of the film at any given moment.^ Likewise, that first film back in 1979 attracted bigger audiences than this one did.
  • BLAST-OFF! ‘Star Trek’ Opens To $26.8M Friday, $27.4M Saturday, $21.2M Sunday = $79.3M Weekend (Incl $4M Thursday): Attracted Audience Well Beyond Trekkies – Deadline.com 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.deadline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I would like to reassert my issue that SF has become too concerned with individual people rather than ideas.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ 'I would rather be called cute than sexy!'
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.By the early 1920s, most films came with a prepared list of sheet music for this purpose, with complete film scores being composed for major productions.^ The screening will feature a print restored under the supervision of Brownlow and Patrick Stanbury, with a stereo musical score composed by Davis and the original sound prologue by Fairbanks.
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^ I purposely did not read or watch anything concerning the new film before it came out so that I could watch it on it’s own merits.
  • BLAST-OFF! ‘Star Trek’ Opens To $26.8M Friday, $27.4M Saturday, $21.2M Sunday = $79.3M Weekend (Incl $4M Thursday): Attracted Audience Well Beyond Trekkies – Deadline.com 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.deadline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This screening will feature a color-tinted print restored by Brownlow and David Grill, and a stereo musical score composed by Carl Davis.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

A shot from Georges Méliès Le Voyage dans la Lune (A Trip to the Moon) (1902), an early narrative film.
.The rise of European cinema was interrupted by the outbreak of World War I when the film industry in United States flourished with the rise of Hollywood, typified most prominently by the great innovative work of D.W. Griffith in The Birth of a Nation (1914) and Intolerance (1916) .^ ABOUT THE ACADEMY The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences is the worlds preeminent movie-related organization, with a membership of more than 6,000 of the most accomplished men and women working in cinema.
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^ In the film, Chaplin portrays a factory worker struggling to adapt to life in a burgeoning industrial world.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences is the worlds preeminent movie-related organization, with a membership of more than 6,000 of the most accomplished men and women working in cinema.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.However in the 1920s, European filmmakers such as Sergei Eisenstein, F. W. Murnau, and Fritz Lang,in many ways inspired by the meteoric war-time progress of film through Griffith, along with the contributions of Charles Chaplin, Buster Keaton and others, quickly caught up with American film-making and continued to further advance the medium.^ However I think you did it in the best way – pointing out the problems without really mocking it or making it seem stupid to have enjoyed the film.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ It spans from his earliest days in silent films through his transition into talkies, delves into his famous marriage to Pickford and spotlights his friendships with such fellow Hollywood legends as Charlie Chaplin.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ How Swaroop Kanchi got Bengaloored The first time filmmaker opens up about his curiously titled Indian-English film.
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.In the 1920s, new technology allowed filmmakers to attach to each film a soundtrack of speech, music and sound effects synchronized with the action on the screen.^ Following the screening, visual effects supervisor Rob Hodgson will participate in a discussion about the film.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The screening will feature a print restored under the supervision of Brownlow and Patrick Stanbury, with a stereo musical score composed by Davis and the original sound prologue by Fairbanks.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The entire film is based on this new technology, and the situations it creates.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

.These sound films were initially distinguished by calling them "talking pictures", or talkies.^ Kareena On Kambakkht Ishq Kareena Kapoor talks about her upcoming film Kambakkht Ishq Ivar Vivahitharayal in pictures A look at Saji Surendran's Malayalam film which has three heroines!
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^ Directing Amitabh Bachchan and Ben Kingsley Director Leena Yadav talks about her second film after the debacle called Shabd.
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^ He was at a bar (the Keg) in Evanston, IL, and he was chill as FUCK. Awesome guy, got a picture with him, talked to him about season 2 and 3, as well as seasons 4-5 (filming in August, he said).
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The next major step in the development of cinema was the introduction of so-called "natural" color. .While the addition of sound quickly eclipsed silent film and theater musicians, color was adopted more gradually as methods evolved making it more practical and cost effective to produce "natural color" films.^ At least a Harry Potter film, which makes no attempt to address reality, has far more wit and intellect and HEART than this unfortunate mess.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ From IIM to Ashta Chamma Ram Mohan , an engineer and an IIM-A graduate has dabbled in investment, stock broking, entrepreneurship, media till he turned a film producer with Ashta Chamma.
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^ This film, narrated by Paul Newman, raises key questions about the global marketplace where goods are produced, and at what human cost.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.The public was relatively indifferent to color photography as opposed to black-and-white,[citation needed] but as color processes improved and became as affordable as black-and-white film, more and more movies were filmed in color after the end of World War II, as the industry in America came to view color as essential to attracting audiences in its competition with television, which remained a black-and-white medium until the mid-1960s.^ The exhibition, which examines the important aspects of costume design for color films from the 1940s through the 1960s, is on display through May 2.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ 'You will be seeing more of me in Hindi movies' Genelia D'Souza chats with fans about her latest film, Aamir Khan and her South roots.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the film, Chaplin portrays a factory worker struggling to adapt to life in a burgeoning industrial world.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.By the end of the 1960s, color had become the norm for film makers.^ The exhibition, which examines the important aspects of costume design for color films from the 1940s through the 1960s, is on display through May 2.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Since the decline of the studio system in the 1960s, the succeeding decades saw changes in the production and style of film.^ Sherak, a marketing, distribution and production executive with more than four decades in the motion picture industry, is currently a consultant for Marvel Studios.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Various New Wave movements (including the French New Wave, Indian New Wave, Japanese New Wave and New Hollywood) and the rise of film school educated independent filmmakers were all part of the changes the medium experienced in the latter half of the 20th century.^ Robin Cook on India and his new book Best Bikini Bodies of All Time A poll of these Hollywood beauties in a two-piece.
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^ Willis, a two-time Academy Award nominee for Zelig and The Godfather, Part III, has lensed more than 30 films including The Godfather, The Godfather Part II, All the Presidents Men, Annie Hall and Manhattan.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Passes for part five of Great To Be Nominated are $30 for the general public and $25 for Academy members and students with a valid ID. Including Gangs of New York, there are seven films remaining in the series.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Digital technology has been the driving force in change throughout the 1990s and into the 21st century.^ Enterprise has these warp coils in the nacelles constructed to resonate warp drive energy into propulsive force.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ I'd expand "technology" to "technology, scientific concept, or change in the way humans interact with their world", where the latter category includes post-apocalypse stories ("we don't have 21st century tech anymore"), psi ("we have different senses to interact with the world", and so on.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

Theory

Film theory seeks to develop concise and systematic concepts that apply to the study of film as art. It was started by Ricciotto Canudo's The Birth of the Sixth Art. .Formalist film theory, led by Rudolf Arnheim, Béla Balázs, and Siegfried Kracauer, emphasized how film differed from reality, and thus could be considered a valid fine art.^ What I kept thinking was that Star Trek was the film Nemesis could - and really should - have been.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Karan Johar: I wouldn't have produced Lagaan Karan Johar speaks of creating worlds as a writer, the moment he first realised he could actually direct films, and how he wouldn't have produced Lagaan.
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^ We don't know how Roddenberry would've taken this, we could guess, and probably make really likely and legitimate scenarios in our minds about it.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.André Bazin reacted against this theory by arguing that film's artistic essence lay in its ability to mechanically reproduce reality not in its differences from reality, and this gave rise to realist theory.^ OTOH, just how different or realistic can individual characters really be in stopping some existential threat?
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

More recent analysis spurred by Jacques Lacan's psychoanalysis and Ferdinand de Saussure's semiotics among other things has given rise to psychoanalytical film theory, structuralist film theory, feminist film theory and others. .On the other hand, critics from the analytical philosophy tradition, influenced by Wittgenstein, try to clarify misconceptions used in theoretical studies and produce analysis of a film's vocabulary and its link to a form of life.^ For a feature film to be considered for the 2008 Awards, the films distributor or producer must file an OSC form with the Academy by 5 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ I use a somewhat more complex process to develop SF. I start by trying to draw a cognitive map of a culture, and then establish a handful of characters who are products of (and producers of) that culture.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ In the Foreign Language Film category, filmmakers must submit entry forms, one English-subtitled film print and all other required materials by the deadline.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

Language

Film is considered to have its own language. James Monaco wrote a classic text on film theory titled "How to Read a Film". Director Ingmar Bergman famously said, "[Andrei] Tarkovsky for me is the greatest [director], the one who invented a new language, true to the nature of film, as it captures life as a reflection, life as a dream." Examples of the language are a sequence of back and forth images of one actor's left profile speaking, followed by another actor’s right profile speaking, then a repetition of this, which is a language understood by the audience to indicate a conversation. .Another example is zooming in on the forehead of an actor with an expression of silent reflection, then changing to a scene of a younger actor who vaguely resembles the first actor, indicating the first actor is having a memory of their own past.^ I agree they shouldn't change actors now, but Charlie and Alice are the only ones who have acting talent.
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'Nanayam will be another landmark in my career' Son of veteran Tamil actor Sathyaraj, Sibiraj talks about his first negative role.
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Montage

.Parallels to musical counterpoint have been developed into a theory of montage, extended from the complex superimposition of images in early silent film[citation needed] to even more complex incorporation of musical counterpoint together with visual counterpoint through mise en scene and editing, as in a ballet or opera; e.g., as illustrated in the gang fight scene of director Francis Ford Coppola’s film, Rumble Fish.^ In addition to the feature film, other elements from each year, such as short subjects, behind-the-scenes footage, trailers and music, will be incorporated into each evenings program.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The first part of the series comprises 14 films that will screen on Wednesday evenings through December 3.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The scene after that is when Bella first see's Jacob turn into a wolf when he fights his friends.
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Criticism

Film criticism is the analysis and evaluation of films. .In general, these works can be divided into two categories: academic criticism by film scholars and journalistic film criticism that appears regularly in newspapers and other media.^ Entries in the foreign language, animated feature, documentary, and short film categories are subject to special rules and must meet other qualifying criteria.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Two other previous winners, Jan Sverak, who was a student in the former Czechoslovakia, and Mike van Diem of The Netherlands, have gone on to direct films that won Oscar statuettes in the Foreign Language Film category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ And to get into any of these series works requires investing tens or hundreds of hours in them.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

.Film critics working for newspapers, magazines, and broadcast media mainly review new releases.^ Rafi Meet the new chocolate boy of Kannada cinema Diganth talks about his new film House Full on the eve of its release.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Why you should watch Jail this Friday Mugdha Godse talks about her new film, Jail, and working with Madhur Bhandarkar for the second time.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ranbir: I get nervous before my films release Ranbir Kapoor talks about his new film Rocket Singh Salesman Of The Year and much more.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Normally they only see any given film once and have only a day or two to formulate opinions.^ Also, the only people that should be driving everyone here nuts are the ones who have completely formed their opinion despite NOT SEEING THE FUCKING MOVIE YET!!!!
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vishnu-Ileana finally set for Saleem The long awaited Telugu film will see the light of day on December 11.
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^ And when they do do something high-concept and 'sci-fi'-ey, like time travel or a main character brought back from the dead, it Matters and the only do it Once.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

Despite this, critics have an important impact on films, especially those of certain genres. Mass marketed action, horror, and comedy films tend not to be greatly affected by a critic's overall judgment of a film. .The plot summary and description of a film that makes up the majority of any film review can still have an important impact on whether people decide to see a film.^ Still making stuff up, folks, except for the part where Chekov said he was compensating for gravity.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ But seeing the trailers, and then hearing so many people rave about it, I decided to see it in the theater instead of waiting for DVD. Overall..
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Helming Nostalgia for Kerala Cafe M Padmakumar talks about his film Nostalgia, one of the short stories that make up the Malayalam movie Kerala Cafe.
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.For prestige films such as most dramas, the influence of reviews is extremely important.^ Shahid: The most difficult performance of my life Shahid Kapoor is aware how important a film Kaminey is for him.
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Poor reviews will often doom a film to obscurity and financial loss.
.The impact of a reviewer on a given film's box office performance is a matter of debate.^ Top Telugu films of 2009 The year was marked by Magadheera's rock solid performance at the box office followed by Arundhati.
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^ His pioneering efforts in visual effects spectacles inspired the films that are todays box office blockbusters.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ It's Yogish vs Diganth at the box office The two Kannada stars are going head to head with both their latest films releasing on the same day.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some claim that movie marketing is now so intense and well financed that reviewers cannot make an impact against it.^ Another science review of the movie, making mostly the same points I did in my review.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Sure it's only some movies and books based on an old TV show, but it made an impact in the lives of quite a few people.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I think the title of this review actually pretty well sums up why I love this movie, one gets the feeling that these characters actually love what they do.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, the cataclysmic failure of some heavily-promoted movies which were harshly reviewed, as well as the unexpected success of critically praised independent movies indicates that extreme critical reactions can have considerable influence.^ I think the title of this review actually pretty well sums up why I love this movie, one gets the feeling that these characters actually love what they do.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I just find it weird to criticize futuristic movies about some science stuff that we have just discovered over the last few decades.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Actually, he was getting this ribbing from the extremely well-known, quite well-off (this was in the 1990s) Larry Niven of all people, which kind of took the shine off the criticism.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

Others note that positive film reviews have been shown to spark interest in little-known films. .Conversely, there have been several films in which film companies have so little confidence that they refuse to give reviewers an advanced viewing to avoid widespread panning of the film.^ I think they did it quite good with Twilight, although I missed a little bit more conversation between Edward and Bella.
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^ They will spend Friday, January 29, through Sunday, January 31, viewing three films each day and then casting their ballots.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ With the exception of the character names there is very little about the Harry Potter films that is the same as the books.
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, this usually backfires as reviewers are wise to the tactic and warn the public that the film may not be worth seeing and the films often do poorly as a result.^ Medic Says: May 9th, 2009 at 1:38 pm Excellent review of the science of the new film, however, I do have a problem with your blood boiling point.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Kevin Says: May 8th, 2009 at 11:57 pm Excellent review as usual sir.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Davidlpf Says: May 10th, 2009 at 12:44 am I took a 2 hour to see it and it was worth it.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

.It is argued that journalist film critics should only be known as film reviewers, and true film critics are those who take a more academic approach to films.^ Also, the only people that should be driving everyone here nuts are the ones who have completely formed their opinion despite NOT SEEING THE FUCKING MOVIE YET!!!!
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The other three titles will be determined by those members of the 20-member Foreign Language Film Award Executive Committee who have qualified to vote in the category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ I totally understand those of you who are taking "The line must be drawn here!
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This line of work is more often known as film theory or film studies.^ You could just as easily have these guys working as a crew on the ship for the next film and then jump forward and transfer command in a more plausible manner.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'The typical Hindi films are not really working' Interview with Tannishtha Chatterjee on Barah Aana and more These actresses can direct!
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm even more nervous about seeing this film because of one line: "the perfect summer blockbuster".
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These film critics attempt to come to understand how film and filming techniques work, and what effect they have on people.^ It's always interesting to see how people react to re-imaginings or re-boots of franchises in which they have interest or some kind of personal stake.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Remakes flood Kannada cinema A look a the famous films that have been remade How well do you know these teachers?
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^ I also felt the film was rushed through and could have been a lot better, considering the material they had to work with in the books.
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Rather than having their works published in newspapers or appear on television, their articles are published in scholarly journals, or sometimes in up-market magazines.^ Star Trek reincarnation, here’s a link to an article written by an astronomer that was published in Discover Magazine.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Since 1999 I've had constant trouble with print magazines and newspapers cut-and-pasting whole sections of that essay and publishing it as their original work.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

They also tend to be affiliated with colleges or universities.

Industry

.The making and showing of motion pictures became a source of profit almost as soon as the process was invented.^ Rather, the achievements must demonstrate a proven record of contributing significant value to the process of making motion pictures.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The achievement can be a device or a discovery, a formula or a method, but it must demonstrate a proven record of contributing significant value to the process of making motion pictures.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Upon seeing how successful their new invention, and its product, was in their native France, the Lumières quickly set about touring the Continent to exhibit the first films privately to royalty and publicly to the masses.^ Images: Designing Kandasamy Thota Tharani talks about the spectacular sets of the Tamil film.
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^ Wendy well, i like the trailers but i'm gonna be really happy when the filming is done and we can see the real new moon trailer!
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How Swaroop Kanchi got Bengaloored The first time filmmaker opens up about his curiously titled Indian-English film.
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.In each country, they would normally add new, local scenes to their catalogue and, quickly enough, found local entrepreneurs in the various countries of Europe to buy their equipment and photograph, export, import and screen additional product commercially.^ I can buy that blowing the core up would also distort space-time, but only if it was some spare warp core they had lying around.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Jesse they are just fanmade trailers, they have to use what they can get cuz they dont have the scenes from the new movie, so they use clips from different movies and that's what makes them look so cool!
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No villain death event or even any fight scene action takes place too quickly for the characters to say all that they want to say about it, even if it’s only “No!
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

.The Oberammergau Passion Play of 1898[citation needed] was the first commercial motion picture ever produced.^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The Thalberg Award, a bust of the motion picture executive, is given to a creative producer whose body of work reflects a consistently high quality of motion picture production.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Baselight was one of the first digital color correction systems to enter the digital intermediate market and has seen wide acceptance in the motion picture industry.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Other pictures soon followed, and motion pictures became a separate industry that overshadowed the vaudeville world.^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Solving a series of problems with one integrated mechanism, this device had an immediate and significant impact on the motion picture industry.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Sherak, a marketing, distribution and production executive with more than four decades in the motion picture industry, is currently a consultant for Marvel Studios.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Dedicated theaters and companies formed specifically to produce and distribute films, while motion picture actors became major celebrities and commanded huge fees for their performances.^ Sherak, a marketing, distribution and production executive with more than four decades in the motion picture industry, is currently a consultant for Marvel Studios.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The Thalberg Award, a bust of the motion picture executive, is given to a creative producer whose body of work reflects a consistently high quality of motion picture production.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ All films in the series screen at the Linwood Dunn Theater at the Academys Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study on Wednesdays at 7 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

Already by 1917, Charlie Chaplin had a contract that called for an annual salary of one million dollars.
.From 1931 to 1956, film was also the only image storage and playback system for television programming until the introduction of videotape recorders.^ The program is open to screenwriters who have not earned more than $5,000 writing for film or television.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ New York University Archiving Program University of California, Los Angeles Film & Television Program Workplace Hollywood (Hollywood, CA) Yale University Film Studies .
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.In the United States today, much of the film industry is centered around Hollywood.^ The Oscar ceremony honoring films for 2009 will again take place at the Kodak Theatre at Hollywood & Highland Center in Hollywood, and will be televised live by the ABC Television Network.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Other regional centers exist in many parts of the world, such as Mumbai-centered Bollywood, the Indian film industry's Hindi cinema which produces the largest number of films in the world.^ The most scandalous scenes in Hindi cinema Sometimes Bollywood decides to get daring.
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^ 'Luck By Chance is about the Hindi film industry and the people in it' Interview with Konkana Sen Sharma on Luck By Chance.
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^ Bollywood goes around the world Naming the film after the locale!
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .Whether the ten thousand-plus feature length films a year produced by the Valley pornographic film industry should qualify for this title is the source of some debate.^ If a feature film is released in 2009 and the completed OSC form is not submitted by the deadline, the film will be ineligible for Academy Awards in any year.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ In addition to the feature film, other elements from each year, such as short subjects, behind-the-scenes footage, trailers and music, will be incorporated into each evenings program.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Films submitted in the Animated Feature Film category also may qualify for Academy Awards in other categories, including Best Picture, provided they meet the requirements for those categories.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.February 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Though the expense involved in making movies has led cinema production to concentrate under the auspices of movie studios, recent advances in affordable film making equipment have allowed independent film productions to flourish.^ Ships can’t hover unless you want to invoke sufficiently advanced technology (magic) to make the rest of the movie nonsense.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Helming Nostalgia for Kerala Cafe M Padmakumar talks about his film Nostalgia, one of the short stories that make up the Malayalam movie Kerala Cafe.
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.Profit is a key force in the industry, due to the costly and risky nature of filmmaking; many films have large cost overruns, a notorious example being Kevin Costner's Waterworld.^ This film, narrated by Paul Newman, raises key questions about the global marketplace where goods are produced, and at what human cost.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

Yet many filmmakers strive to create works of lasting social significance. .The Academy Awards (also known as "the Oscars") are the most prominent film awards in the United States, providing recognition each year to films, ostensibly based on their artistic merits.^ Two films will represent each of two Awards years.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Past Student Academy Award winners include Spike Lee, Trey Parker, Bob Saget and Oscar winners John Lasseter and Robert Zemeckis.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ If a feature film is released in 2009 and the completed OSC form is not submitted by the deadline, the film will be ineligible for Academy Awards in any year.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.There is also a large industry for educational and instructional films made in lieu of or in addition to lectures and texts.^ Prayanam: Director's cut Chandrasekhar Yeleti made his mark in the Telugu film industry with Aithe, Anukokonda Oka Roju and Okkadunnadu.
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Associated fields

.Derivative academic Fields of study may both interact with and develop independently of filmmaking, as in film theory and analysis.^ Winter Solstice Man Says: May 20th, 2009 at 8:09 am Star Trek 11 is crap, pure and simple, both for the franchise and as a film in general.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Lutheran Film Associates commissioned filmmaker Jersey to record the sensitive and highly volatile discussion from both sides of the racial divide.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Fields of academic study have been created that are derivative or dependent on the existence of film, such as film criticism, film history, divisions of film propaganda in authoritarian governments, or psychological on subliminal effects of a flashing soda can during a screening.^ Following the screening, visual effects supervisor Rob Hodgson will participate in a discussion about the film.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ All films will screen at the Linwood Dunn Theater at the Academys Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study on Wednesdays at 7 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ All films, with the exception of those scheduled for December 3, will screen at the Linwood Dunn Theater at the Academys Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study on Wednesdays at 7 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.These fields may further create derivative fields, such as a movie review section in a newspaper or a television guide.^ That being said, I’m delighted that the movie is getting such rave reviews.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Bad Astronomy Reviews the Science of Star Trek Published May 12, 2009 asides , entertainment , science 0 Comments Tags: entertainment, science, asides, star trek, bad astronomy Bad Astronomy reviews the science of the new Star Trek movie.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ I think the title of this review actually pretty well sums up why I love this movie, one gets the feeling that these characters actually love what they do.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sub-industries can spin off from film, such as popcorn makers, and toys. Sub- industries of pre-existing industries may deal specifically with film, such as product placement in advertising.

Terminology used

.Most people use "film" and "movie" interchangeably[citation needed].^ One thing that bugs me, not just about this movie but most action/adventure movies, is how little people seem to be affected by having the tar beaten out of them.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ 'People compared Magadheera to a Hollywood film' Director Senthil on the success of his Telugu movie starring Chiranjeevi's son, Ram Cheran Teja.
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."Film" is more often used when considering artistic, theoretical, or technical aspects, as studies in a university class.^ Each year more than 500 college and university film students from all over the country compete for Student Academy Awards and the accompanying cash grants.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Each year more than 500 film students from colleges and universities all over the country compete for Student Academy Awards and the accompanying cash grants.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ New York University Archiving Program University of California, Los Angeles Film & Television Program Workplace Hollywood (Hollywood, CA) Yale University Film Studies .
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

."Movies" more often refers to entertainment or commercial aspects, as where to go for fun on a date.^ I’m not one of those stuck up purist, I go to the movies to be entertained.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It really made the movie more exciting and fun to watch.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ I hoped to be entertained—and I WAS entertained more than a few times by the humor—but overall I find it extremely difficult to enjoy a movie like this when it’s constantly insulting my intelligence.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

.For example, a book titled "How to Read a Film" would be about the aesthetics or theory of film, while "Lets Go to the Movies" would be about the history of entertaining movies.^ Would rather read the book.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ As to how the movie relates to the book...
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ October 13, 2009 13:34 15: Charlie, regarding your comment about the sizes of books: how does Peter F Hamilton get away with it?
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

."Motion pictures” or "Moving pictures" are films and movies.^ Beverly Hills, CA The deadline for U.S. student filmmakers to submit their films for consideration in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 35th Student Academy Awards is Tuesday, April 1.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ All films will screen at the Linwood Dunn Theater at the Academys Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study on Wednesdays at 7 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.A "DVD", "videotape", "video" or "vid" is a digital reproduction of an analogue film, or a product with all of the elements of an analogue film but made in an electromagnetic storage medium.^ Revisiting Seeta Aur Geeta With Seeta Aur Geeta all set to get a television makeover, here's a look at what made that 1972 film so special.
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^ The restoration of Once upon a Time in the West was made possible by The Film Foundation and the Rome Film Festival in association with Sergio Leone Productions and Paramount Pictures.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

."Film" refers to the media onto which a visual art is shot, and to this end it may seem improper for a digital originating work to be referred to as a "film" and the action of shooting as "filming," and yet these terms are still used.^ And I have yet to find a devotee of hard science fiction who didn't end up loving the series once he was convinced to give it a shot.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ Yet he has taken the trouble to portray earth as still a relatively diverse place compared to these older cultures.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ NjvRxEFbqk8 Liset I am a little new to this twilight and new moon craze....How do the fans make these trailers if the movie is still being shot???????
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."Silent films" need not be silent, but are films and movies without an audible dialogue, though they may have a musical soundtrack.^ Films submitted in the Animated Feature Film category also may qualify for Academy Awards in other categories, including Best Picture, provided they meet the requirements for those categories.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The old series of movies may have been stale, but the franchise did not need a re-boot.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite their dire circumstances, they have qualified to compete in the National Music Competition in Kampala driven by heart, talent and the need to rebuild their lives.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

."Talkies" refers to early movies or films having audible dialogue or analogue sound, not just a musical accompaniment.^ This film was just a Sci-fi action movie, and there have been thousands of those.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Yea, the footage was from that movie and the wolves running was from Blood and Chocolate...the fan used other film footage and just spliced it in, but it made for a cool trailer nonetheless!!
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'London Dreams is like a musical Sholay' Salman Khan and Vipul Shah talk about their forthcoming film London Dreams Here's where movie stars party!
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."Cinema" either broadly encompasses both films and movies, or is roughly synonymous with “Film”, both capitalized when referring to a category of art.^ In 2000 Florian Gallenberger of Germany won both the Honorary Foreign Film award and the Oscar in the Live Action Short Film category with Quiero Ser.
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^ He was referred to as the movie doctor for his keen sense of how to correct flaws in films.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Beverly Hills, CA The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences today announced that seven films remain in competition in the Makeup category for the 82nd Academy Awards.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.The "silver screen" refers to classic black and white films before color, not to contemporary films without color.^ How vampires took over the silver screen Bloodsuckkers have always been a part of Hollywood even before True Blood and Stephanie Meyer's Twilight series.
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^ The classic tale of obsessive love is also an unusual representative of film noir it takes place not in the city but in the pastoral wilderness of Maine and New Mexico, and it is filmed not in black-and-white, but in Technicolor.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ My anger, and I'm assuming slim's anger as well, is rooted in the fact that they could have accomplished everything they accomplished in this film without killing classic Star Trek.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The expression "Sight and Sound", as in the film journal of the same name, means "film". The following icons mean film - a "candle and bell", as in the films Tarkovsky, of a segment of film stock, or a two faced Janus image, and an image of a movie camera in profile.^ Its expanded latitude and linearity provides superior highlights and shadows in a film stock with exceptional latent image stability.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Just because two stories have similarities does not mean they are the same, and the essence and emphasis of the scenes in Deconstruction is quite different.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ It's Yogish vs Diganth at the box office The two Kannada stars are going head to head with both their latest films releasing on the same day.
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"Widescreen" and "Cinemascope" refers to a larger width to height in the frame, compared to an earlier historic aspect ratios. .A "feature length film", or "feature film", is of a conventional full length, usually 60 minutes or more, and can commercially stand by itself without other films in a ticketed screening.^ In addition to the feature film, other elements from each year, such as short subjects, behind-the-scenes footage, trailers and music, will be incorporated into each evenings program.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Films submitted in the Animated Feature Film category also may qualify for Academy Awards in other categories, including Best Picture, provided they meet the requirements for those categories.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.A "short" is a film that is not as long as a feature length film, usually screened with other shorts, or preceding a feature length film.^ In addition to the feature film, other elements from each year, such as short subjects, behind-the-scenes footage, trailers and music, will be incorporated into each evenings program.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Films submitted in the Animated Feature Film category also may qualify for Academy Awards in other categories, including Best Picture, provided they meet the requirements for those categories.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.An "independent" is a film made outside of the conventional film industry.^ Prayanam: Director's cut Chandrasekhar Yeleti made his mark in the Telugu film industry with Aithe, Anukokonda Oka Roju and Okkadunnadu.
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.A "screening" or "projection" is the projection of a film or video on a screen at a public or private theater, usually but not always of a film, but of a video or DVD when of sufficient projection quality.^ All films will screen at the Linwood Dunn Theater at the Academys Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study on Wednesdays at 7 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ All films, with the exception of those scheduled for December 3, will screen at the Linwood Dunn Theater at the Academys Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study on Wednesdays at 7 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ All films in the series screen at the Linwood Dunn Theater at the Academys Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study on Wednesdays at 7 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.A "double feature" is a screening of two independent, stand-alone, feature films.^ A post-screening onstage discussion will feature two-time Academy Award-winning composer Michael Gore.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ In the Animated Feature Film and Foreign Language Film categories, nominations are selected by vote of multi-branch screening committees.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ This screening will feature a new print from the Academy Film Archive.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

A "viewing" is a watching of a film. A "showing" is a screening or viewing on an electronic monitor. "Sales" refers to tickets sold at a theater, or more currently, rights sold for individual showings. .A "release" is the distribution and often simultaneous screening of a film.^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The screening celebrates the West Coast premiere of a new restoration, courtesy of Paramount Pictures, and marks the 40th anniversary of the films 1968 release in Italy.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

A "preview" is a screening in advance of the main release.
."Hollywood" may be used either as a pejorative adjective, shorthand for asserting an overly commercial rather than artistic intent or outcome, as in "too Hollywood", or as a descriptive adjective to refer to a film originating with people who ordinarily work near Los Angeles.^ The Phase I committee, consisting of several hundred Los Angeles-based members, screened the 65 eligible films between mid-October and January 16.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Joining Adams will be archery expert Dale Smith, who will reproduce the arrow sounds from the film-using replica arrows designed by Burtt.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Either somebody drank long and deep from the Abrams Kool-aid or this movie actually has a chance of impressing me, rather than just not disappointing me.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Expressions for Genres of film are sometimes used interchangeably for "film" in a specific context, such as a "porn" for a film with explicit sexual content, or "cheese" for films that are light, entertaining and not highbrow.
.Any film may also have a "Sequel", which chronologically portrays events following those in the film.^ Films submitted in the Animated Feature Film category also may qualify for Academy Awards in other categories, including Best Picture, provided they meet the requirements for those categories.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Film sequels may even be released first, e.g.^ The first part of the series comprises 14 films that will screen on Wednesday evenings through December 3.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The evening will feature a discussion with Coates, who received her first nomination and Oscar for Film Editing for Lawrence of Arabia (1962).
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Star Wars Episode IV.^ Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace (1999) .
  • Watch Full Movies Online with blinkx Remote 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC tv.blinkx.com [Source type: General]

^ Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back (1980) .
  • Watch Full Movies Online with blinkx Remote 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC tv.blinkx.com [Source type: General]

^ Star Wars - Episode 4 - A New Hope .
  • Watch Full Movies Online with blinkx Remote 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC tv.blinkx.com [Source type: General]

Preview

.A preview performance refers to a showing of a movie to a select audience, usually for the purposes of corporate promotions, before the public film premiere itself.^ Hot, witty or clever, movie posters are the heartbeat of a film's promotion.
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^ Films to watch out for this Sankranti Zarina Wahab back in Malayalam films Chandni Chowk to China premieres in US Akshay, Deepika starrer movie premieres in US Akshay promotes Chandni Chowk in US A look at the Akshay Kumar promoting Chandni Chowk to China in the US Directing Akshay in Chandni Chowk to China Interview with director Nikhil advani .
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^ All the members of supergroup ABBA got together in public for the first time in 22 years at the Swedish premiere of the film Mamma Mia!
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Previews are sometimes used to judge audience reaction, which if unexpectedly negative, may result in recutting or even refilming certain sections (Audience response).

Trailer

.Trailers or previews are film advertisements for films that will be exhibited in the future at a cinema, on whose screen they are shown.^ They are having another preview/trailer for new moon during previews in theatres for the band slam?
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I just wish film makers would read all the books before making the films so they dont make mistakes that will make future films difficult.
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The term "trailer" comes from their having originally been shown at the end of a film programme.^ Trailer: Fly Me To The Moon This 3D film is coming soon to a theatre near you.
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.That practice did not last long, because patrons tended to leave the theater after the films ended, but the name has stuck.^ Taylor Lautner act the Jacob in the film but who act this Jacob?...his name, or please write me in which films did he play?
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So as long as it stuck to what you perceived as Roddenberry's "vision" (even though the man has been dead for a considerable amount of time now, so how much vision did he have?
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Trailers are now shown before the film (or the A movie in a double feature program) begins.^ In addition to the feature film, other elements from each year, such as short subjects, behind-the-scenes footage, trailers and music, will be incorporated into each evenings program.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ His brother's Contiloe Films has produced many television soaps and he has now forayed into feature film direction.
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^ Yea, the footage was from that movie and the wolves running was from Blood and Chocolate...the fan used other film footage and just spliced it in, but it made for a cool trailer nonetheless!!
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Film, or other art form?

Film may be combined with performance art and still be considered or referred to as a “film”. .For example, when there is a live musical accompaniment to a silent film.^ Both presentations will feature live musical accompaniment by Michael Mortilla.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Fairbanks penultimate silent film will be presented with live quintet accompaniment, featuring music composed and conducted by Michael Mortilla, and will be presented by outtakes shot in two-strip Technicolor.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Another example is audience participation films, as at a midnight movies screening of The Rocky Horror Picture Show, where the audience dresses up in costume from the film and loudly does a karaoke-like reenactment along with the film.^ Following the screening, visual effects supervisor Rob Hodgson will participate in a discussion about the film.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The screening celebrates the West Coast premiere of a new restoration, courtesy of Paramount Pictures, and marks the 40th anniversary of the films 1968 release in Italy.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ All films will screen at the Linwood Dunn Theater at the Academys Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study on Wednesdays at 7 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Performance art where film is incorporated as a component is usually not called film, but a film, which could stand-alone but is accompanied by a performance may still be referred to as a film.^ Still, you could still call it Star Trek because they tried to keep at least some of the positive aspects of it going.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Each stage of the process will be represented, through reference stills, concept sketches, and hand-rendered and photographic comps (design mock-ups incorporating graphics and text).
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.The act of making a film can, in and of itself, be considered a work of art, on a different level from the film itself, as in the films of Werner Herzog.^ I considered talking about it being more plastic than anything else, but couldn’t get it to work because it would lose the main point I was trying to make.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ I also felt the film was rushed through and could have been a lot better, considering the material they had to work with in the books.
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Similarly, the playing of a film can be considered to fall within the realm of political protest art, as in the subtleties within the films of Tarkovsky. .A "road movie" can refer to a film put together from footage from a long road trip or vacation.^ Dear George Lucas, The Star Trek prequel was a thousand times better than all of the Star Wars prequel movies put together.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I agree, but i'm gonna let it go ,maybe it's just because they only put little scenes together, i hope it's gonna look better in the movie.
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Glad you like it, it wasn't easy to put together since there's no video clips for the new movie.
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Education and Propaganda

Film is used for education and propaganda. .When the purpose is primarily educational, a film is called an "educational film". Examples are recordings of lectures and experiments, or more marginally, a film based on a classic novel.^ The Academys cultural and educational wing the Academy Foundation annually grants more than $1 million to film scholars, cultural organizations and film festivals throughout the U.S. and abroad.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Film may be propaganda, in whole or in part, such as the films made by Leni Riefenstahl in Nazi Germany, US war film trailers during World War II, or artistic films made under Stalin by Eisenstein.^ The Black Knights recorded a win percentage under Coach Blaik of .768, a span which includes US involvement in World War II. In fact, Army won NCAA national championships in 1944 and 1945, during the height of US operations.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Considered a good citizen of Hollywood, Stewart served in the Air Force during World War II (raising to the rank of Brigadier General), an act that led many to volunteer for service.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ In addition to the feature film, other elements from each year, such as short subjects, behind-the-scenes footage, trailers and music, will be incorporated into each evenings program.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.They may also be works of political protest, as in the films of Wajda, or more subtly, the films of Andrei Tarkovsky.^ Films submitted in the Animated Feature Film category also may qualify for Academy Awards in other categories, including Best Picture, provided they meet the requirements for those categories.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ They may not be supermodels, but they sure know how to work the crowd.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'The typical Hindi films are not really working' Interview with Tannishtha Chatterjee on Barah Aana and more These actresses can direct!
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The same film may be considered educational by some, and propaganda by others, such as some of the films of Michael Moore.^ In addition to the feature film, other elements from each year, such as short subjects, behind-the-scenes footage, trailers and music, will be incorporated into each evenings program.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Films submitted in the Animated Feature Film category also may qualify for Academy Awards in other categories, including Best Picture, provided they meet the requirements for those categories.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ There may be some good novel-to-film adaptations, but I can't think of any.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

Production

.At its core, the means to produce a film depend on the content the filmmaker wishes to show, and the apparatus for displaying it: the zoetrope merely requires a series of images on a strip of paper.^ Tamil veteran filmmaker Bhagyaraj is back The veteran writer, producer and director is back with his latest Tamil film Sidhu.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Foreign Language Film category, filmmakers must submit entry forms, one English-subtitled film print and all other required materials by the deadline.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Film production can therefore take as little as one person with a camera (or without it, such as Stan Brakhage's 1963 film Mothlight), or thousands of actors, extras and crewmembers for a live-action, feature-length epic.^ This film was just a Sci-fi action movie, and there have been thousands of those.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ In 2000 Florian Gallenberger of Germany won both the Honorary Foreign Film award and the Oscar in the Live Action Short Film category with Quiero Ser.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Bollywood's Top Lesbian Acts Here's a look a Bollywood films featuring girl-on-girl action!
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The necessary steps for almost any film can be boiled down to conception, planning, execution, revision, and distribution. The more involved the production, the more significant each of the steps becomes. In a typical production cycle of a Hollywood-style film, these main stages are defined as:
  1. Development
  2. Pre-production
  3. Production
  4. Post-production
  5. Distribution
.This production cycle usually takes three years.^ Three years later, he joined Louis B. Mayer at his small Los Angeles studio, and the following year Louis B. Mayer Productions was merged with two larger studios to create Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

The first year is taken up with development. The second year comprises preproduction and production. The third year, post-production and distribution.
.The bigger the production, the more resources it takes, and the more important financing becomes; most feature films are not only artistic works, but for-profit business entities.^ You could just as easily have these guys working as a crew on the ship for the next film and then jump forward and transfer command in a more plausible manner.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'The typical Hindi films are not really working' Interview with Tannishtha Chatterjee on Barah Aana and more These actresses can direct!
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shahid: The most difficult performance of my life Shahid Kapoor is aware how important a film Kaminey is for him.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Crew

.A film crew is a group of people hired by a film company, employed during the "production" or "photography" phase, for the purpose of producing a film or motion picture.^ Beverly Hills, CA The deadline for U.S. student filmmakers to submit their films for consideration in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 35th Student Academy Awards is Tuesday, April 1.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The program will examine how new technologies and shifting collaborations are changing the way motion picture production designers approach their work.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Crew are distinguished from cast, the actors who appear in front of the camera or provide voices for characters in the film.^ Meet Sekhar Kammula's Leader A look at the new Telugu movie starring Rana, the entrepreneur who turns actor with this film.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each actor has their own time to shine and while Shatner, Nimoy, Kelley & co have established this crew, the new cast makes these characters their own without disrespecting the originals.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Waiting for Karthi's Aayirathil Oruvan It's been a long wait for the Tamil actor who is now ready with two films.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The crew interacts with but is also distinct from the production staff, consisting of producers, managers, company representatives, their assistants, and those whose primary responsibility falls in pre-production or post-production phases, such as writers and editors.^ Producer-director Barbara Trent and producer-writer-editor David Kasper, who both won Oscars for The Panama Deception, will participate in a post-screening discussion.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Shortly after his passing, the Academy established the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award, which is presented periodically to creative producers whose body of work reflects a consistently high quality of motion picture production.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The Thalberg Award, a bust of the motion picture executive, is given to a creative producer whose body of work reflects a consistently high quality of motion picture production.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

Communication between production and crew generally passes through the director and his/her staff of assistants. Medium-to-large crews are generally divided into departments with well defined hierarchies and standards for interaction and cooperation between the departments. .Other than acting, the crew handles everything in the photography phase: props and costumes, shooting, sound, electrics (i.e., lights), sets, and production special effects.^ The replicator is nothing more than a refrigerator with special effects, when in reality, it would be a substantial change in our view of economics.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ These Blowtorches of Doom could easily set a plane aflame from even hundreds of light years away, and the special effect for it would’ve been a bazillion times cooler in the movie.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Other than being set in the future, they're not SF, but they don't treat the viewer like a drooling idiot either.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

.Caterers (known in the film industry as "craft services") are usually not considered part of the crew.^ Bollywood pays tribute to Feroz Khan The entire film industry attended the prayer service of the late stylish actor.
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Technology

.Film stock consists of transparent celluloid, acetate, or polyester base coated with an emulsion containing light-sensitive chemicals.^ The Phase I committee, consisting of several hundred Los Angeles-based members, screened the 65 eligible films between mid-October and January 16.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Cellulose nitrate was the first type of film base used to record motion pictures, but due to its flammability was eventually replaced by safer materials.^ Beverly Hills, CA The deadline for U.S. student filmmakers to submit their films for consideration in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 35th Student Academy Awards is Tuesday, April 1.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ All films will screen at the Linwood Dunn Theater at the Academys Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study on Wednesdays at 7 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Stock widths and the film format for images on the reel have had a rich history, though most large commercial films are still shot on (and distributed to theaters) as 35 mm prints.^ Its expanded latitude and linearity provides superior highlights and shadows in a film stock with exceptional latent image stability.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Dreamgirls is the only film in Academy Awards history to have the most nominations in a given year without a Best Picture nomination being among them.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ It’s easily one of the most fun films to hit theaters in some time, and the perfect summer blockbuster.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Originally moving picture film was shot and projected at various speeds using hand-cranked cameras and projectors; though 1000 frames per minute (16⅔ frame/s) is generally cited as a standard silent speed, research indicates most films were shot between 16 frame/s and 23 frame/s and projected from 18 frame/s on up (often reels included instructions on how fast each scene should be shown)[5].^ Beverly Hills, CA As part of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Gold Standard screening series, the classic animated film Sleeping Beauty will be presented on Friday, July 18, at 7:30 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ October 14, 2009 18:23 215: "And since then, it's also been hate on sight between me and just about every space operatic show on television."
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ Films submitted in the Animated Feature Film category also may qualify for Academy Awards in other categories, including Best Picture, provided they meet the requirements for those categories.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

When sound film was introduced in the late 1920s, a constant speed was required for the sound head. 24 frames per second was chosen because it was the slowest (and thus cheapest) speed which allowed for sufficient sound quality. .Improvements since the late 19th century include the mechanization of cameras — allowing them to record at a consistent speed, quiet camera design — allowing sound recorded on-set to be usable without requiring large "blimps" to encase the camera, the invention of more sophisticated filmstocks and lenses, allowing directors to film in increasingly dim conditions, and the development of synchronized sound, allowing sound to be recorded at exactly the same speed as its corresponding action.^ Joining Adams will be archery expert Dale Smith, who will reproduce the arrow sounds from the film-using replica arrows designed by Burtt.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Created more than a century before the invention of film, Utsushi-e represents one of the earliest forms of projection technology and in many respects is a forerunner of modern filmmaking.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ That's setting aside that the British Navy of the 19th century had no "battleships": the term you're looking for is "ship of the line."
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

.The soundtrack can be recorded separately from shooting the film, but for live-action pictures many parts of the soundtrack are usually recorded simultaneously.^ In 2000 Florian Gallenberger of Germany won both the Honorary Foreign Film award and the Oscar in the Live Action Short Film category with Quiero Ser.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ At the 75th Academy Awards, student winner Martin Strange-Hansen of Denmark won the Oscar in the Live Action Short Film category for This Charming Man.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Parts of this movie were great fun, other parts were really lame (e.g., the giant beasts on the snow-covered planet -- what was that, a live-action outtake from "Ice Age"?
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As a medium, film is not limited to motion pictures, since the technology developed as the basis for photography.^ Beverly Hills, CA The deadline for U.S. student filmmakers to submit their films for consideration in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 35th Student Academy Awards is Tuesday, April 1.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The program will examine how new technologies and shifting collaborations are changing the way motion picture production designers approach their work.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

It can be used to present a progressive sequence of still images in the form of a slideshow. .Film has also been incorporated into multimedia presentations, and often has importance as primary historical documentation.^ In addition to the feature film, other elements from each year, such as short subjects, behind-the-scenes footage, trailers and music, will be incorporated into each evenings program.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.However, historic films have problems in terms of preservation and storage, and the motion picture industry is exploring many alternatives.^ Beverly Hills, CA The deadline for U.S. student filmmakers to submit their films for consideration in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 35th Student Academy Awards is Tuesday, April 1.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ However I think you did it in the best way – pointing out the problems without really mocking it or making it seem stupid to have enjoyed the film.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

Most movies on cellulose nitrate base have been copied onto modern safety films. .Some studios save color films through the use of separation masters — three B&W negatives each exposed through red, green, or blue filters (essentially a reverse of the Technicolor process).^ The exhibition, which examines the important aspects of costume design for color films from the 1940s through the 1960s, is on display through May 2.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Maybe it was Red Green , who came up with some….
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Lustre is a software solution that enables non-linear, real-time digital color grading across an entire feature film, emulating the photochemical color-timing process.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Digital methods have also been used to restore films, although their continued obsolescence cycle makes them (as of 2006) a poor choice for long-term preservation.^ Hosted by film historian Leonard Maltin, the evening will feature the premiere screening of a newly restored digital version of the 1959 film by Walt Disney Studios.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Also, the first season DVD of "Dollhouse" contains an un-aired episode that jumps to 2019 and shows the long-term effects of the use of the technology on society.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ Two festivals, the Nashville Film Festival and the New Orleans Film Festival will each receive a total of $75,000 over a three-year period to help develop long-term projects.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Film preservation of decaying film stock is a matter of concern to both film historians and archivists, and to companies interested in preserving their existing products in order to make them available to future generations (and thereby increase revenue).^ London-based silent film historian and preservationist Kevin Brownlow will be a guest presenter at both events.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Winter Solstice Man Says: May 20th, 2009 at 8:09 am Star Trek 11 is crap, pure and simple, both for the franchise and as a film in general.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ The 15 films are listed below in alphabetical order by title, with their production company: .
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Preservation is generally a higher-concern for nitrate and single-strip color films, due to their high decay rates; black and white films on safety bases and color films preserved on Technicolor imbibition prints tend to keep up much better, assuming proper handling and storage.^ The Spirit 4K/2K has distinguished itself by incorporating a continuous-motion transport mechanism enabling full-range, high-resolution scanning at much higher frame rates than non-continuous transport scanners.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Monday Nights with Oscar is a monthly series showcasing high-quality prints of films that have been nominated for or won Academy Awards.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ This innovation allowed the facilities to analyze projected film output and build 3D look-up tables in order to emulate print film, enabling accurate color presentation.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Some films in recent decades have been recorded using analog video technology similar to that used in television production.^ The effects of science and technology are cumulative, not single episode important, and yet the technology is used to make some plots work out and other technology just isn't explained.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ Hes also a master of working with all of the latest technology in television production, which speaks to the kind of cutting-edge show Bill and I are planning.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Bollywood marriages on the rocks We realised this is a favourite Bollywood theme, and so decided to take a look at some memorable recent films about marriages on the rocks.
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Modern digital video cameras and digital projectors are gaining ground as well. These approaches are extremely beneficial to moviemakers, especially because footage can be evaluated and edited without waiting for the film stock to be processed. .Yet the migration is gradual, and as of 2005 most major motion pictures are still recorded on film.^ Beverly Hills, CA The deadline for U.S. student filmmakers to submit their films for consideration in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 35th Student Academy Awards is Tuesday, April 1.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ In 2006 Babel received six nominations, including Best Picture, and Dreamgirls received seven nominations, the most of any film that year, but did not receive a nomination for Best Picture.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

Independent

.Independent filmmaking often takes place outside of Hollywood, or other major studio systems.^ Irving Thalberg: Creating the Hollywood Studio System, 19201936 will be on display through December 13.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Guest curated by historian and Thalberg biographer Mark Vieira, the installation will examine Thalbergs role in the creation of the Hollywood studio system during the 1920s and '30s.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The Oscar ceremony honoring films for 2009 will again take place at the Kodak Theatre at Hollywood & Highland Center in Hollywood, and will be televised live by the ABC Television Network.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.An independent film (or indie film) is a film initially produced without financing or distribution from a major movie studio.^ Producing Avakkai Biriyani Interview with Sekhar Kammula on this film 'Initially I was concerned to be coupled with Soha' Interview with Irrfan Khan on Dil Kabaddi .
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.Creative, business, and technological reasons have all contributed to the growth of the indie film scene in the late 20th and early 21st century.^ All hail twinkletoes Swayze Looking at the late Patrick Swayze's best films.
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^ Cowards friendships with many of the 20th centurys leading artists and film personalities also are documented throughout the exhibition, as are his contributions to the film world through his on-screen appearances and the numerous film adaptations of his stage work.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The restoration work was done by the UCLA Film & Television Archive, using nitrate elements in its collection, in collaboration with 20th Century Fox.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

On the business side, the costs of big-budget studio films also leads to conservative choices in cast and crew. There is a trend in Hollywood towards co-financing (over two-thirds of the films put out by Warner Bros. in 2000 were joint ventures, up from 10% in 1987).[6] .A hopeful director is almost never given the opportunity to get a job on a big-budget studio film unless he or she has significant industry experience in film or television.^ Prayanam: Director's cut Chandrasekhar Yeleti made his mark in the Telugu film industry with Aithe, Anukokonda Oka Roju and Okkadunnadu.
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^ 'Star prices have hit the roof' Veteran director Shyam Benegal discusses with P Rajendran how corporate funding has helped transform the Indian film industry.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He directed the animated feature film FernGully: The Last Rainforest and is currently senior animation director at Rhythm & Hues Studios in Los Angeles.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Also, the studios rarely produce films with unknown actors, particularly in lead roles.^ Performance by an actor in a leading role .
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Meet Pazhassi Raja's commander-in-chief Tamil actor Sarath Kumar on his role in the upcoming Malayalam film.
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^ The actor will be seen in a double role for the first time in the Kannada film, Ee Shathamaanadha Veera Madakari.
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.Before the advent of digital alternatives, the cost of professional film equipment and stock was also a hurdle to being able to produce, direct, or star in a traditional studio film.^ 'Katha is bound to evoke curiosity' Producer-director Gunnam Gangaraju on his latest Telugu film starring Genelia and newcomer Arun.
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^ I saw Star Trek yesterday before going to work, (I work the night shift), maintaining my tradition of seeing Star Trek movies on opening day.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His brother's Contiloe Films has produced many television soaps and he has now forayed into feature film direction.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

But the advent of consumer camcorders in 1985, and more importantly, the arrival of high-resolution digital video in the early 1990s, have lowered the technology barrier to movie production significantly. Both production and post-production costs have been significantly lowered; today, the hardware and software for post-production can be installed in a commodity-based personal computer. .Technologies such as DVDs, FireWire connections and non-linear editing system pro-level software like Adobe Premiere Pro, Sony Vegas and Apple's Final Cut Pro, and consumer level software such as Apple's Final Cut Express and iMovie, and Microsoft's Windows Movie Maker make movie-making relatively inexpensive.^ I think that's the only time we ever see anyone passing or making use of a window in the last level of the station.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ I looked movie trailers and clips of movies and other youtube users up on youtube downloaded them and then pieced them together how I wanted them to look using windows movie maker.
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sita to sing the blues on DVD With the DVD release due, cartoonist and animator Nina Paley will finally be able to take the animated movie into the homes of film fans worldwide.
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Since the introduction of DV technology, the means of production have become more democratized. .Filmmakers can conceivably shoot and edit a movie, create and edit the sound and music, and mix the final cut on a home computer.^ Sita to sing the blues on DVD With the DVD release due, cartoonist and animator Nina Paley will finally be able to take the animated movie into the homes of film fans worldwide.
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^ He dictated final cut over thousands of movies more than any other individual in American cinema, before or since.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.However, while the means of production may be democratized, financing, distribution, and marketing remain difficult to accomplish outside the traditional system.^ Sherak, a marketing, distribution and production executive with more than four decades in the motion picture industry, is currently a consultant for Marvel Studios.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

Most independent filmmakers rely on film festivals to get their films noticed and sold for distribution. .The arrival of internet-based video outlets such as YouTube and Veoh has further changed the film making landscape in ways that are still to be determined.^ Make way for Yogi The actor's latest Kannada film promises to be a potboiler.
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^ I know the Cassini lead had some input; but such things tend to fall on deaf ears in the land of film-making.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ However I think you did it in the best way – pointing out the problems without really mocking it or making it seem stupid to have enjoyed the film.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

Open content film

.An open content film is much like an independent film, but it is produced through open collaborations; its source material is available under a license which is permissive enough to allow other parties to create fan fiction or derivative works, than a traditional copyright.^ He has directed more than 50 films and produced more than 300 during his five-decade career.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Jayasurya-Roma romance in Uthara Swayamvaram Other than the much hyped Kerala Cafe, the other Malayalam film releasing on this week is Uttara Swayamvaram.
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^ I liked the original trek when I watched the re-runs growing up, and loved TNG, didn’t care that much about the others.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

.Like independent filmmaking, open source filmmaking takes place outside of Hollywood, or other major studio systems.^ Irving Thalberg: Creating the Hollywood Studio System, 19201936 will be on display through December 13.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Guest curated by historian and Thalberg biographer Mark Vieira, the installation will examine Thalbergs role in the creation of the Hollywood studio system during the 1920s and '30s.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The Oscar ceremony honoring films for 2009 will again take place at the Kodak Theatre at Hollywood & Highland Center in Hollywood, and will be televised live by the ABC Television Network.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

Fan film

.A fan film is a film or video inspired by a film, television program, comic book or a similar source, created by fans rather than by the source's copyright holders or creators.^ It is the enthusiastic support of organizations like the Academy that allows Telluride Film Festival to thrive, and create a rich and diverse program.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Again, I feel that in many of these cases it's a matter of *similar* themes and concepts rather than directly taking parts from something.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ The program is open to screenwriters who have not earned more than $5,000 writing for film or television.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Fan filmmakers have traditionally been amateurs, but some of the more notable films have actually been produced by professional filmmakers as film school class projects or as demonstration reels.^ 'You will be seeing more of me in Hindi movies' Genelia D'Souza chats with fans about her latest film, Aamir Khan and her South roots.
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^ The legacy that Bimal Roy left behind Know more about the extraordinary filmmaker of films like Do Bigha Zamin, Parineeta and Sujata.
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^ Created more than a century before the invention of film, Utsushi-e represents one of the earliest forms of projection technology and in many respects is a forerunner of modern filmmaking.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Fan films vary tremendously in length, from short faux-teaser trailers for non-existent motion pictures to rarer full-length motion pictures.^ I just happened to watch Star Trek: The Motion Picture last night, and the photon torpedoes in that film were blue as well.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Yea, the footage was from that movie and the wolves running was from Blood and Chocolate...the fan used other film footage and just spliced it in, but it made for a cool trailer nonetheless!!
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Distribution

.When it is initially produced, a feature film is often shown to audiences in a movie theater or cinema.^ For a feature film to be considered for the 2008 Awards, the films distributor or producer must file an OSC form with the Academy by 5 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ For a feature film to be considered for the 2009 Awards, the films distributor or producer must file an OSC form with the Academy by 5 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ His brother's Contiloe Films has produced many television soaps and he has now forayed into feature film direction.
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.The identity of the first theater designed specifically for cinema is a matter of debate; candidates include Tally's Electric Theatre, established 1902 in Los Angeles[7], and Pittsburgh's Nickelodeon, established 1905.[8] Thousands of such theaters were built or converted from existing facilities within a few years.^ Top Telugu actors, 2008 A look at the seven best actors of this year The hottest item numbers A look at the top ten sexiest actresses of this year Best posters of 2008 A look at the few of the best designed posters of this year .
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^ And there’s the little matter about the rapidly growing singularity in low earth orbit at the end, which is gonna eat the earth anyway on timescales of at most a few thousand years and at worst much shorter.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Three years later, he joined Louis B. Mayer at his small Los Angeles studio, and the following year Louis B. Mayer Productions was merged with two larger studios to create Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

[9] In the United States, these theaters came to be known as nickelodeons, because admission typically cost a nickel (five cents).
.Typically, one film is the featured presentation (or feature film).^ Savaari is a hit Savaari featuring Raghu Mukherjee, Sreenagara Kitty and Kamalini Mukherjee, the Kannada remake of the hugely successful Telugu film Gamyam is one of the surprise hits of this year.
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^ Currently, the Academy is presenting a bicoastal screening series showcasing the 10 Best Picture nominees of 1939, arguably one of Hollywoods greatest film years.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Before the 1970s, there were "double features"; typically, a high quality "A picture" rented by an independent theater for a lump sum, and a "B picture" of lower quality rented for a percentage of the gross receipts.^ The Thalberg Award, a bust of the motion picture executive, is given to a creative producer whose body of work reflects a consistently high quality of motion picture production.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Academys Samuel Goldwyn Theater as the next feature in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Great To Be Nominated series.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Academys Samuel Goldwyn Theater as the final feature in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Great To Be Nominated series.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Today, the bulk of the material shown before the feature film consists of previews for upcoming movies and paid advertisements (also known as trailers or "The Twenty").^ He oversaw the editing of A-list feature films, low-budget B-movies, short subjects, previews of coming attractions, and even cartoons.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ In addition to the feature film, other elements from each year, such as short subjects, behind-the-scenes footage, trailers and music, will be incorporated into each evenings program.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Indian heroes like them young A look at just some of the upcoming films featuring actresses much, much younger than their leading men.
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.Historically, all mass marketed feature films were made to be shown in movie theaters.^ Revisiting Seeta Aur Geeta With Seeta Aur Geeta all set to get a television makeover, here's a look at what made that 1972 film so special.
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^ All in all, this movie made me feel like I had just watched someone leave the party with my girlfriend...
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He oversaw the editing of A-list feature films, low-budget B-movies, short subjects, previews of coming attractions, and even cartoons.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.The development of television has allowed films to be broadcast to larger audiences, usually after the film is no longer being shown in theaters.^ 'Brand Yash Raj no longer endorses romantic films' Director Kabir Khan talks about his new film, New York.
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^ In conjunction with the tribute, the UCLA Film & Television Archive will present a retrospective Stewart screening series at the Billy Wilder Theater in Westwood.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Slumdog star Azhar's shanty torn down Video of Ahzar's house being broken down No new films?
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.Recording technology has also enabled consumers to rent or buy copies of films on VHS or DVD (and the older formats of laserdisc, VCD and SelectaVision — see also videodisc), and Internet downloads may be available and have started to become revenue sources for the film companies.^ Additionally, filmmakers must send a DVD of their film and a hard copy of their signed application to the appropriate regional coordinator.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Additionally, filmmakers must send a DVD of their film and a printed copy of their signed entry form to the appropriate regional coordinator.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ This event is sold out, but standby tickets may become available.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.Some films are now made specifically for these other venues, being released as made-for-TV movies or direct-to-video movies.^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ None of these are remotely original sf ideas, and neither is any remotely original use made of any of these ideas, just as none of the sf ideas in B5 are original nor are any of the ideas used originally, just as almost any and all tv/movie sf neither has original sf ideas nor makes use of any, but these are sf elements that can't be removed from the story.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ Sita to sing the blues on DVD With the DVD release due, cartoonist and animator Nina Paley will finally be able to take the animated movie into the homes of film fans worldwide.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The production values on these films are often considered to be of inferior quality compared to theatrical releases in similar genres, and indeed, some films that are rejected by their own studios upon completion are distributed through these markets.^ Feature films that receive their first public exhibition or distribution in any manner other than as a theatrical motion picture release are not eligible for Academy Awards in any category.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ The Golden Globes, 2009: Winners The main winners of the 66th annual Golden Globes Telugu Sankranti releases, 2009 A look at some of the Telugu films this Sankranti.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Red-hot December releases Check out these films that are releasing next month Deepika's unbelievable stunt!
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The movie theater pays an average of about 50-55% of its ticket sales to the movie studio, as film rental fees.^ 'You will be seeing more of me in Hindi movies' Genelia D'Souza chats with fans about her latest film, Aamir Khan and her South roots.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'We shot Thiru Thiru Thuru Thuru in 55 days' Nandini speaks about her directing her debut Tamil film Thiru Thiru Thuru Thuru.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'I couldn't recognise myself in the wig and bindi' Shreyas Talpade talks about his upcoming film, Paying Guest.
  • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10] .The actual percentage starts with a number higher than that, and decreases as the duration of a film's showing continues, as an incentive to theaters to keep movies in the theater longer.^ For once a movie longer than two hours and I wasn't worried about a numb but or "god when is this going to fuking end?"
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I was actually only when I started watching BSG (which is extremely story-arc heavy) that I gained interest in the genre - when I ran out of good SciFi shows/movies to watch, I discovered you, Scalzi, Vinge and other great writers (and also rediscovered that reading a book is so more intense than watching tv).
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ Under the rules for this category, a maximum of 3 films can be nominated in a year in which the field of eligible entries numbers at least 8 but fewer than 16.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.However, today's barrage of highly marketed movies ensures that most movies are shown in first-run theaters for less than 8 weeks.^ BTW, saw the movie twice and spotted more flaws than I realized the first time in the plot(?
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That'll be a first--paying first run to see a movie twice.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And yes, it's shinier, cooler and more shit goes boom in this one movie than in the other 10 movies put together (most likely).
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are a few movies every year that defy this rule, often limited-release movies that start in only a few theaters and actually grow their theater count through good word-of-mouth and reviews.^ But there's one thing every scientist on the planet agrees on: whether it happens in a hundred years or a thousand years or a million years, eventually our Sun will grow cold and go out.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ I hope they make one every year or at least start the tv shows again, missed Star Trek for a long time .
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ JackC Says: May 11th, 2009 at 6:55 am Excellent review – read every word.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

.According to a 2000 study by ABN AMRO, about 26% of Hollywood movie studios' worldwide income came from box office ticket sales; 46% came from VHS and DVD sales to consumers; and 28% came from television (broadcast, cable, and pay-per-view).^ Sita to sing the blues on DVD With the DVD release due, cartoonist and animator Nina Paley will finally be able to take the animated movie into the homes of film fans worldwide.
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^ Tickets may be purchased online at www.oscars.org , in person at the Academy box office, or by mail.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Tickets to Sleeping Beauty are $5 for the general public and may be purchased online at www.oscars.org , in person at the Academy box office or by mail.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

[10]

Animation

.Animation is the technique in which each frame of a film is produced individually, whether generated as a computer graphic, or by photographing a drawn image, or by repeatedly making small changes to a model unit (see claymation and stop motion), and then photographing the result with a special animation camera.^ Ambient occlusion has enabled a new level of realism in synthesized imagery and has become a standard tool for computer graphics lighting in motion pictures.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Entries in the foreign language, animated feature, documentary, and short film categories are subject to special rules and must meet other qualifying criteria.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Developed for the digital intermediate and motion picture visual effects markets, the Northlight scanner was designed with a 6K CCD sensor, making it unique in its ability to produce high-resolution scans of 35mm, 8-perf film frames.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

.When the frames are strung together and the resulting film is viewed at a speed of 16 or more frames per second, there is an illusion of continuous movement (due to the persistence of vision).^ Pix: The only Kannada release this Sankranti A look at K M Chaithanya and Chethan's second Kannada film together.
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^ Their speed was a little less than a kilometer per second, which sounds about right.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Ok...if I have a nitpick it's that there's TOO MUCH action and not enough story/background...I'll post my second viewing opinion soon).
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Generating such a film is very labor intensive and tedious, though the development of computer animation has greatly sped up the process.^ While exploring the creative process of pre-computer animation, Ink & Paint also will celebrate the artists whose genius spawned the screwball characters of Warner Bros.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

^ Kroyer received an Academy Award nomination for his 1988 short film Technological Threat, which pioneered the technique of combining hand-drawn and computer animation.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

File formats like GIF, QuickTime, Shockwave and Flash allow animation to be viewed on a computer or over the Internet.
.Because animation is very time-consuming and often very expensive to produce, the majority of animation for TV and movies comes from professional animation studios.^ And that is going to be very difficult, very time-consuming, and very, very expensive.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ This is to say, for a person with my very limited financial means, the overwhelming majority of my advertising now comes from the newspaper and subway.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ October 13, 2009 15:52 36: I have a major problem with SF on TV or movies.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

.However, the field of independent animation has existed at least since the 1950s, with animation being produced by independent studios (and sometimes by a single person).^ It was conceived and for the most part written by a single person with no studio influence at all after the beginning of the second season, and not much influence before that.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

Several independent animation producers have gone on to enter the professional animation industry.
Limited animation is a way of increasing production and decreasing costs of animation by using "short cuts" in the animation process. This method was pioneered by UPA and popularized by Hanna-Barbera, and adapted by other studios as cartoons moved from movie theaters to television.[11]
.Although most animation studios are now using digital technologies in their productions, there is a specific style of animation that depends on film.^ Together, Mayer and Thalberg made MGM the most successful film studio at the time.
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^ The magic of an animated film depends on the ability to bring to life not only animated characters, but the worlds they inhabit.
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^ He directed the animated feature film FernGully: The Last Rainforest and is currently senior animation director at Rhythm & Hues Studios in Los Angeles.
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.Cameraless animation, made famous by moviemakers like Norman McLaren, Len Lye and Stan Brakhage, is painted and drawn directly onto pieces of film, and then run through a projector.^ Yea, the footage was from that movie and the wolves running was from Blood and Chocolate...the fan used other film footage and just spliced it in, but it made for a cool trailer nonetheless!!
  • New Moon Trailer — New Moon Movie 2 February 2010 16:23 UTC www.newmoonmovie.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ink & Paint: The Art of Hand-Drawn Animation will be on display through Sunday, August 24.
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^ The Academys ongoing summer exhibition, Ink & Paint: The Art of Hand-Drawn Animation, will be open throughout the weekend.
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Future state

.While motion picture films have been around for more than a century, film is still a relative newcomer in the pantheon of fine arts.^ Beverly Hills, CA As part of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Gold Standard screening series, the classic animated film Sleeping Beauty will be presented on Friday, July 18, at 7:30 p.m.
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^ Each year more than 500 college and university film students from all over the country compete for Student Academy Awards and the accompanying cash grants.
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^ A completed online entry form must be submitted to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences by 5 p.m.
  • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

In the 1950s, when television became widely available, industry analysts predicted the demise of local movie theaters[citation needed]. .Despite competition from television's increasing technological sophistication over the 1960s and 1970s[citation needed]such as the development of color television and large screens, motion picture cinemas continued.^ Official screenings of all motion pictures with one or more nominations will begin for members this weekend at the Academys Samuel Goldwyn Theater.
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^ All films will screen at the Linwood Dunn Theater at the Academys Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study on Wednesdays at 7 p.m.
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^ All films, with the exception of those scheduled for December 3, will screen at the Linwood Dunn Theater at the Academys Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study on Wednesdays at 7 p.m.
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.In fact with the rise of television's predominance, film began to become more respected as an artistic medium by contrast due the low general opinion of the quality of average television content[citation needed]In the 1980s, when the widespread availability of inexpensive videocassette recorders enabled people to select films for home viewing, industry analysts again wrongly predicted the death of the local cinemas.^ Sita to sing the blues on DVD With the DVD release due, cartoonist and animator Nina Paley will finally be able to take the animated movie into the homes of film fans worldwide.
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^ 'Luck By Chance is about the Hindi film industry and the people in it' Interview with Konkana Sen Sharma on Luck By Chance.
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^ It also tells me that there are a lot of people out there who don't even know how to judge quality anymore, but of course that's just my opinion.
  • Star Trek Review | Pajiba - Scathing Reviews for Bitchy People 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.pajiba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.In the 1990s and 2000s the development of digital DVD players, home theater amplification systems with surround sound and subwoofers, and large LCD or plasma screens enabled people to select and view films at home with greatly improved audio and visual reproduction[citation needed].^ Sita to sing the blues on DVD With the DVD release due, cartoonist and animator Nina Paley will finally be able to take the animated movie into the homes of film fans worldwide.
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^ In the Animated Feature Film and Foreign Language Film categories, nominations are selected by vote of multi-branch screening committees.
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^ Their films will now be screened for and judged by Academy members, who will vote to select the winners.
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.These new technologies provided audio and visual that in the past only local cinemas had been able to provide: a large, clear widescreen presentation of a film with a full-range, high-quality multi-speaker sound system.^ Rafi Meet the new chocolate boy of Kannada cinema Diganth talks about his new film House Full on the eve of its release.
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^ The entire film is based on this new technology, and the situations it creates.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ Vikram Gokhale debuts in Telugu cinema The actor is doing a full-fledged role in a Telugu film called Kalavaramaye Madilo.
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Once again industry analysts predicted the demise of the local cinema. .Local cinemas will be changing in the 2000s and moving towards digital screens, a new approach which will allow for easier and quicker distribution of films (via satellite or hard disks), a development which may give local theaters a reprieve from their predicted demise.^ The end point may indeed be easier, but getting to it will be incredibly hard.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ To qualify for the 2008 Awards, a film must be released in the submitting country between October 1, 2007, and September 30, 2008, and be publicly screened in 35mm or 70mm film or in a qualifying digital cinema format for at least seven consecutive days in a commercial motion picture theater.
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^ The program will examine how new technologies and shifting collaborations are changing the way motion picture production designers approach their work.
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.April 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] The cinema now faces a new challenge from home video by the likes of a new High Definition format, Blu-ray, which can provide full HD 1080p video playback at near cinema quality[citation needed]Video formats are gradually catching up with the resolutions and quality that film offers, 1080p in Blu-ray offers a pixel resolution of 1920×1080 a leap from the DVD offering of 720×480 and the paltry 330×480 offered by the first home video standard VHS[citation needed]The maximum resolutions that film currently offers are 2485×2970 or 1420×3390, UHD, a future digital video format, will offer a massive resolution of 7680×4320, surpassing all current film resolutions.^ SRK: I did not earn enough money last year But the superstar hopes to 'catch up on all that' later.
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^ Bollywood calling Kannada actor Sudeep Sudeep has back to back releases lined up and they are not all Kannada films.
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^ Rafi Meet the new chocolate boy of Kannada cinema Diganth talks about his new film House Full on the eve of its release.
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.The only viable competitor to these new innovations is IMAX which can play film content at an extreme 10000×7000 resolution[citation needed].^ Watch these classics So what if there are no new movies playing?
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^ A look at the stars who played themselves in films Mohanlal, The Master Builder A look at his new movie, Aakashagopuram.
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.Despite the rise of all new technologies, the development of the home video market and a surge of online copyright infringement, 2007 was a record year in film that showed the highest ever box-office grosses.^ Each year more than 500 college and university film students from all over the country compete for Student Academy Awards and the accompanying cash grants.
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^ Granted, if I were him, I’d go do that while I was waiting for Spock Prime to show up — I mean, for all I know, Spock Prime is going to show up 100 years after the explosion.
  • BA Review: Star Trek | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Top Telugu films of 2009 The year was marked by Magadheera's rock solid performance at the box office followed by Arundhati.
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.Many expected film to suffer as a result of the effects listed above but it has flourished, strengthening film studio expectations for the future[citation needed].^ It's fit perfectly in the series format, and has not needed flashes or lasers that other many series and films have bribed us with.
  • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

^ Trumbull was one of four photographic effects supervisors on the set when filming began in December 1965 at MGM British Studios in Borehamwood, England.
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See also

Lists
Related topics

Notes

  1. ^ Wade, Nicholas J.; Finger, Stanley (2001), "The eye as an optical instrument: from camera obscura to Helmholtz's perspective", Perception 30 (10): 1157–1177, doi:10.1068/p3210, "The principles of the camera obscura first began to be correctly analysed in the eleventh century, when they were outlined by Ibn al-Haytham." 
  2. ^ David H. Kelley, Exploring Ancient Skies: An Encyclopedic Survey of Archaeoastronomy:
    "The first clear description of the device appears in the Book of Optics of Alhazen."
  3. ^ Bradley Steffens (2006), Ibn al-Haytham: First Scientist, Chapter Five, Morgan Reynolds Publishing, ISBN 1599350246
  4. ^ Bollywood Hots Up cnn.com. Retrieved June 23, 2007
  5. ^ Silent Film Speed
  6. ^ Amdur, Meredith (2003-11-16). "Sharing Pix is Risky Business". Variety. http://www.variety.com/index.asp?layout=print_story&articleid=VR1117895718&categoryid=10. Retrieved June 23, 2007. 
  7. ^ http://cinematreasures.org/theater/8855/
  8. ^ Timothy McNulty (2005-06-19). "You saw it here first: Pittsburgh's Nickelodeon introduced the moving picture theater to the masses in 1905". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/05170/522854.stm. Retrieved 2007-01-25. 
  9. ^ "Pre-Nickelodeon/Nickelodeon". University of Maryland Libraries. 2005-07-05. http://www.lib.umd.edu/RARE/Exhibits/Headley/styles1.html. Retrieved 2007-01-25. 
  10. ^ a b PBS Frontline: The Monster that Ate Hollywood: Anatomy of a Monster: Now Playing ... And Playing ... And Playing ... pbs.org. Retrieved June 23, 2007
  11. ^ Savage, Mark (2006-12-19). "Hanna Barbera's golden age of animation". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/6193603.stm. Retrieved 2007-01-25. 

References

  • Acker, Ally (1991). Reel Women: Pioneers of the Cinema, 1896 to the Present. New York: Continuum. ISBN 0826404995. 
  • Basten, Fred E. (1980). Glorious Technicolor: The Movies' Magic Rainbow. Cranbury, NJ: AS Barnes & Company. ISBN 0498023176. 
  • Basten, Fred E. (writer); Peter Jones (director and writer); Angela Lansbury (narrator). (1998). Glorious Technicolor. [Documentary]. Turner Classic Movies. .http://imdb.com/title/tt0274530/. 
  • Casetti, Francesco (1999).^ I wrote a popular essay on the development of the Star Wars films back in 1999 called Star Wars Origins (http://www.moongadget.com/origins); over 1.1 million unique visitors.
    • Charlie's Diary: Why I hate Star Trek 3 February 2010 16:42 UTC www.antipope.org [Source type: General]

    Theories of Cinema, 1945-1995. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0292712073. 
  • Cook, Pam (2007). The Cinema Book, Third Edition. London: British Film Institute. ISBN 9781844571932. 
  • Faber, Liz, & Walters, Helen (2003). .Animation Unlimited: Innovative Short Films Since 1940.^ Entries in the foreign language, animated feature, documentary, and short film categories are subject to special rules and must meet other qualifying criteria.
    • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Kroyer received an Academy Award nomination for his 1988 short film Technological Threat, which pioneered the technique of combining hand-drawn and computer animation.
    • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Best Animated Short Film for Mikes New Car (2002).
    • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

    London: Laurence King, in association with Harper Design International. ISBN 1856693465.
     
  • Hagener, Malte, & Töteberg, Michael (2002). Film: An International Bibliography. Stuttgart: Metzler. ISBN 3476015238. 
  • Hill, John, & Gibson, Pamela Church (1998). The Oxford Guide to Film Studies. .Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.^ New York University Archiving Program University of California, Los Angeles Film & Television Program Workplace Hollywood (Hollywood, CA) Yale University Film Studies .
    • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

    ISBN 0198711247.
     
  • King, Geoff (2002). New Hollywood Cinema: An Introduction. .New York: Columbia University Press.^ New York University Archiving Program University of California, Los Angeles Film & Television Program Workplace Hollywood (Hollywood, CA) Yale University Film Studies .
    • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

    ISBN 0231127596.
     
  • Ledoux, Trish, & Ranney, Doug, & Patten, Fred (1997). Complete Anime Guide: Japanese Animation Film Directory and Resource Guide. Issaquah, WA: Tiger Mountain Press. ISBN 0964954257. 
  • Merritt, Greg (2000). Celluloid Mavericks: A History of American Independent Film. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press. ISBN 1560252324. 
  • Nowell-Smith, Geoffrey (1999). The Oxford History of World Cinema. .Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.^ New York University Archiving Program University of California, Los Angeles Film & Television Program Workplace Hollywood (Hollywood, CA) Yale University Film Studies .
    • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences what going on 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.montebubbles.net [Source type: General]

    ISBN 0198742428.
     
  • Rocchio, Vincent F. (2000). Reel Racism: Confronting Hollywood's Construction of Afro-American Culture. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. ISBN 0813367107. 
  • Schrader, Paul (Spring 1972). ."Notes on Film Noir". Film Comment 8 (1): 8–13. ISSN 0015-119X. 
  • Schultz, John (writer and director); James Earl Jones (narrator).^ Hollywood action director James Bomalick talks about the cool stunts in the film.
    • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ How Balki got Amitabh to play Abhishek's son Paa director R Balki recalls the era when writers like Salim-Javed controlled the film.
    • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Tamil veteran filmmaker Bhagyaraj is back The veteran writer, producer and director is back with his latest Tamil film Sidhu.
    • Welcome to rediff.com : The Movies Slide Shows home page 16 January 2010 12:012 UTC in.rediff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    (1995). The Making of 'Jurassic Park'. [Documentary]. Amblin Entertainment. http://imdb.com/title/tt0256908/. 
  • Thackway, Melissa (2003). Africa Shoots Back: Alternative Perspectives in Sub-Saharan Francophone African Film. Bloomington, IL: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0852555768. 
  • Vogel, Amos (1974). Film as a Subversive Art. New York: Random House. ISBN 0394490789. 

External links


Simple English

"Film" redirects here. For other uses, see Film (disambiguation).

Movies are a type of visual communication which use moving pictures and sound to tell stories or inform (help people to learn about new ideas). People in every part of the world watch movies as a type of entertainment; a way to have fun. Fun for some people can mean laughing, while for others it can mean crying, or feeling afraid. Most movies are made so that they can be shown on big screens at cinemas or movie theatres. After movies are shown on cinema screens for a period of time (ranging from a few weeks to several months), movies are shown on pay television or cable television, and sold or rented on DVD disks or videocassette tapes, so that people can watch the movies at home. Later, movies are shown on television stations.

Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:

Contents

How movies work

A movie camera or video camera takes pictures very quickly, usually at 25 pictures (frames) every second. When a movie projector, a computer, or a television shows the pictures at that rate, it looks like the images on the screen are moving. Sound is either recorded at the same time, or added later. The sounds in a movie usually include the sounds of people talking (which is called dialogue), music (which is called the "soundtrack"), and 'Foley', the sounds of activities that are happening in the movie (such as doors opening or guns being fired).

How movies are made

A screenwriter writes a script, which is the story of the movie with the words that the actors will say. Then a producer hires people to work on the movie and gets all of the money that will be needed to pay for the actors and the equipment. Producers usually get the money by borrowing it from a bank or by getting investors to lend money to the movie production. Some producers work for a movie studio; other producers are independent (they do not work for a movie studio).

Actors and directors read scripts to find out what to say and what to do. The actors memorize the words from the script that they will say in the movie, and learn the actions that the script tells them to do. Then the director tells the actors what to do and a cameraman takes motion pictures of them with a motion picture camera.

When filming has finished, an editor puts the moving pictures together in a way that tells the whole story within a set amount of time. Audio engineers and sound engineers record music and singing and join it with the moving pictures. When the movie is done, many copies of the movie are made by movie labs and put onto movie reels. Then the movie reels are sent to cinemas. An electric machine called a projector shines a very bright light through the movie, and people sitting in a dark room see it on a big screen of Classic Movies 1920-1982.

Genres

A genre is a word for a type of movie or a style of movie. Movies can be fictional (made up), or true, or a mix of the two. Although hundreds of movies are made every year, there are very few that do not follow a small number of set plots, or stories. Some movies mix together two or more genres.

Dramas are serious, and often about people falling in love or people who have to make a big decision in their life. They tell stories about relationships between people. They usually follow a basic plot where one or two main characters (each actor plays a character) have to 'overcome' (get past) an obstacle (the thing stopping them) to get what they want. Tragedies are always dramas. For example, a husband and wife who are divorcing must each try to prove to a court of law that they are the best person to take care of their child (Kramer versus Kramer). Emotion (feelings) are a big part of the movie and the audience (people watching the film) may get upset and even cry.

Action movies have a lot of exciting effects like car chases and gun fights, involving stuntmen. They usually involve 'goodies' and 'baddies', so war and crime are common subjects. Action films usually need very little effort to watch, since the plot is normally simple. For example terrorists take control of a skyscraper and ask for a lot of money in exchange for not killing the people who work there. One man somehow manages to save everyone and is the hero (Die Hard). Action movies do not usually make people cry, but if the action movie is also a drama, emotion will be involved. For example, four brothers go off to fight in the Second World War and 3 are soon killed. Someone decides that the 4th brother must be saved. He and the soldiers who rescue him end up fighting the enemy and the soldier who led his squad trying to save the 4th brother is killed and becomes a hero (Saving Private Ryan).

Thrillers are usually about a mystery, strange event, or crime that needs to be solved. The audience is kept guessing until the final minutes, when there are usually 'twists' in the plot (surprises).

Comedies are funny movies about people being silly or doing unusual things that make the audience laugh.

Romantic Comedies (Rom-Coms) are usually love stories about 2 people from different worlds, who must overcome obstacles to be together. Rom-Coms are always light-hearted, but may include some emotion.

Buddy movies involve 2 heroes, one must save the other, both must overcome obstacles. Buddy movies often involve comedy, but there is also some emotion, because of the close friendship between the 'buddies'. Example: the Lethal Weapon series or Butch Cassidy & the Sundance Kid.

Science fiction movies are set in the future or in outer space. Some use their future or alien settings to ask questions about the meaning of life or how we should think about life. Science fiction movies often use special effects to create images of alien worlds, outer space, alien creatures, and spaceships, for example the Alien series.

Western movies tell stories about cowboys living in the western United States in the 1800s. They are usually really Action movies, but with historical costume. They may or may not involve Indians (Native Americans).

Horror films use fear to excite the audience. Music, lighting and sets (man-made places in film studios where the film is made) are all designed to add to the feeling.

Animated movies use childish images like talking pigs to tell a story. These films used to be drawn by hand, one frame at a time, but are now made on computers. The first major animated film, still highly respected by audiences and the movie industry is Fantasia by Walt Disney, made in 1946. This film has no dialogue (speaking) but uses Classical music. Simple stories are shown with action being in time to the music. For example pigs dressed as ballet dancers dance to the Nutcracker Suite' by Tchaikovsky.

Documentaries are movies that are (or claim to be) about real people and real events. They are nearly always serious and may involve strongly emotional subjects, for example cruelty.

Film noir movies are 1940s-era detective movies about crime and violence.

The business of making movies

Movies can make profits in the hundreds of millions, be they dollars, euro or pounds. In India movies have become an enormous part of the economy. The industry has always been dominated by quite a small number of major studios, like MGM, Warner, Columbia or Paramount. There are many large companies that provide all of the services needed to make movies, such as special effects, lighting, set building. Many of these employees belong to unions who say how much their members must be paid. A huge number of smaller companies also offer services, such as music studios (which record the music for original movie soundtracks) and CGI (computer generated imagery. Finally there are movie distribution companies (which send movies around the world or around a country), and advertising companies who let people know about the film and promote it (try to make people want to see film).

Movies with famous stars and large budgets (lots of money), are designed to have a wide appeal, so that hopefully millions of people will pay to see them. Movies like this, which always cost the most to make, are called blockbusters. Special effects can add a huge amount to the cost of a film, especially the newest CGI effects, but people have come to expect them and every blockbuster film tries to out-do the last. Today in 2008, some films can cost up to $200 million to make. But when you stop to think that very successful films can make many times that amount in profit, it is easy to see why the studios keep producing them. This kind of movie will have a lot of promotion through television advertising, billboards and internet sites. In blockbuster movies, there is usually a happy ending, in which all of the problems in the plot (story) are figured out or fixed and almost everyone (except the baddie) live happily ever after. Some films have been so successful that the studios keep releasing more and more films with the same characters and basic plots, for example the James Bond films and Star Wars.

At the opposite end of the scale to the blockbuster, there is the independent, art, or Indie movie. These are usually made by small movie companies, or even just a small group of people that do not have much money. An example is The Blair Witch Project, which cost only about $60,000, but which has so far taken perhaps $200 million in ticket and DVD sales. Films like this are very unusual and usually become popular 'underground' (people tell each other about it), so that they become cult, or popular but not mainstream. Independent movies often tell more creative or unusual (strange) stories, or may have sad endings that do not appeal to the big studios, because they can not be sure how the public will react to them. They rarely make a lot of money, but if they are successful, the big studios will quickly try to get the people involved to sign a contract with them, by offering them a lot of money to make another film. It is often the case that the new film, with its big budget and its stars will be less successful than the first, for example Blair Witch Project 2.

Famous directors

Other pages

  • Big 10 (America's ten largest movie studios)

Other websites

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 07, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Film, which are similar to those in the above article.








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