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Republic of Mozambique
República de Moçambique
Flag Coat of arms
AnthemPátria Amada
(formerly Viva, Viva a FRELIMO)
Capital
(and largest city)
Maputo
25°57′S 32°35′E / 25.95°S 32.583°E / -25.95; 32.583
Official language(s) Portuguese
Vernacular languages Swahili, Makhuwa, Sena
Demonym Mozambican
Government Republic
 -  President Armando Guebuza
 -  Prime Minister Aires Ali
Independence
 -  from Portugal June 25, 1975 
Area
 -  Total 801,590 km2 (35th)
309,496 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 2.2
Population
 -  2009 estimate 22,894,000[1] (54th)
 -  2007 census 21,397,000 (52nd) 
 -  Density 28.7/km2 (178th)
74.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $18.740 billion[2] 
 -  Per capita $903[2] 
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $9.897 billion[2] 
 -  Per capita $477[2] 
Gini (1996–97) 39.6 (medium
HDI (2007) 0.402 (low) (172nd)
Currency Mozambican metical (Mtn) (MZN)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+2)
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .mz
Calling code 258
1 .Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.^ Prison conditions remained harsh and life threatening, resulting in several deaths.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Portuguese: Moçambique or República de Moçambique, pronounced [ʁɛˈpublikɐ di musɐ̃ˈbiki]), is a country in southeastern Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.^ UNICEF released a report in January that revealed more than 1,000 cases of women and children trafficked from Mozambique to South Africa between 2002 and 2006.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were also reports that syndicates trafficked young girls from Thailand through the country en route to South Africa.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Area Of Hunt: About 18 miles west of Zimbabwe border .

.The area was explored by Vasco da Gama in 1498 and colonized by Portugal in 1505. Mozambique became independent in 1975, to which it became the People's Republic of Mozambique shortly after, and was the scene of an intense civil war lasting from 1977 to 1992. The country was named Moçambique by the Portuguese after the Island of Mozambique, derived from Musa Al Big or Mossa Al Bique or Mussa Ben Mbiki, an Arab trader who first visited the island and later lived there.^ The Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) has been the ruling political party since independence in 1975, heavily influencing both policymaking and implementation.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a series of prison visits conducted during the first half of the year, the LDH found malaria, scabies, and tuberculosis to be frequent among prisoners in nearly all of the country's prisons.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Mozambique is a member of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries and the Commonwealth of Nations and an observer of the Francophonie. Mozambique's life expectancy and infant mortality rates are both among the worst ranked in the world due to the excessive malaria-carrying mosquitoes. Its Human Development Index is one of the lowest on earth.

Contents

History

Early migrations

.Between the first and fifth centuries AD, waves of Bantu-speaking people migrated from the west and north through the Zambezi River valley and then gradually into the plateau and coastal areas.^ Area Of Hunt: Area 10 Zambezi River Delta .

^ Area Of Hunt: Zambezi River .

^ Place of Hunting: Mozambique Zambezi River Valley .

They established agricultural communities or societies based on herding cattle. They brought with them the technology for iron making, a metal which they used to make weapons for the conquest of their neighbors. Cities in Mozambique during the Middle Ages (5th to the 16th century) were not sturdily built, so there is little left of many medieval cities such as the trading port Sofala. Nevertheless several Swahili trade ports dotted the coast of the country before the arrival of Arabs and the Portuguese[3] which had been trading with Madagascar and the Far East.

Swahili, Arab and Portuguese rule

When Portuguese explorers reached East Africa in 1498, Swahili and Arabic[3] commercial settlements had existed along the coast and outlying islands for several centuries. From about 1500, Portuguese trading posts and forts displaced the Arabic commercial and military hegemony becaming regular ports of call on the new European sea route to the east.
The Island of Mozambique is a small coral island at the mouth of Mossuril Bay on the Nacala coast of northern Mozambique, first explored by Europeans in the late 1400s
The voyage of Vasco da Gama around the Cape of Good Hope into the Indian Ocean in 1498 marked the Portuguese entry into trade, politics, and society in the Indian Ocean world. The Portuguese gained control of the Island of Mozambique and the port city of Sofala in the early 16th century, and by the 1530s small groups of Portuguese traders and prospectors penetrated the interior regions seeking gold, where they set up garrisons and trading posts at Sena and Tete on the Zambezi River and tried to gain exclusive control over the gold trade. The Portuguese attempted to legitimize and consolidate their trade and settlement positions through the creation of prazos (land grants) tied to Portuguese settlement and administration. While prazos were originally developed to be held by Portuguese, through intermarriage they became African Portuguese or African Indian centres defended by large African slave armies known as Chikunda. Historically within Mozambique there was slavery. Human beings were bought and sold by African tribal chiefs, Arab traders, and the Portuguese. Many Mozambican slaves were supplied by tribal chiefs who raided warring tribes and sold their captives to the prazeiros.[4]
Although Portuguese influence gradually expanded, its power was limited and exercised through individual settlers and officials who were granted extensive autonomy. The Portuguese were able to wrest much of the coastal trade from Arabs between 1500 and 1700, but, with the Arab seizure of Portugal's key foothold at Fort Jesus on Mombasa Island (now in Kenya) in 1698, the pendulum began to swing in the other direction. As a result, investment lagged while Lisbon devoted itself to the more lucrative trade with India and the Far East and to the colonisation of Brazil. During the 18th and 19th centuries the Mazrui and Omani Arabs reclaimed much of the Indian Ocean trade, forcing the Portuguese to retreat south. Many prazos had declined by the mid-19th century, but several of them survived. During the 19th century other European powers, particularly the British (British South Africa Company) and the French (Madagascar), became increasingly involved in the trade and politics of the region around the Portuguese East African territories.[citation needed]
By the early 20th century the Portuguese had shifted the administration of much of Mozambique to large private companies, like the Mozambique Company, the Zambezia Company and the Niassa Company, controlled and financed mostly by the British, which established railroad lines to neighbouring countries. .Although slavery had been legally abolished in Mozambique, at the end of the 19th century the Chartered companies enacted a forced labor policy and supplied cheap – often forced – African labor to the mines and plantations of the nearby British colonies and South Africa.^ Place of Hunting: Mozambique Zambezi and North Province (Mozambique and South Africa) .

The Zambezia Company, the most profitable chartered company, took over a number of smaller prazeiro holdings, and established military outposts to protect its property. The chartered companies built roads and ports to bring their goods to market including a railroad linking present day Zimbabwe with the Mozambican port of Beira.[5][6]
Because of their unsatisfactory performance and because of the shift, under the Estado Novo regime of Oliveira Salazar, towards a stronger Portuguese control of Portuguese empire's economy, the companies' concessions were not renewed when they ran out. This was what happened in 1942 with the Mozambique Company, which however continued to operate in the agricultural and commercial sectors as a corporation, and had already happened in 1929 with the termination of the Niassa Company's concession. In 1951, the Portuguese overseas colonies in Africa were rebranded as Overseas Provinces of Portugal.[5][6][7]

Independence movement

Portuguese colonies at the time of the Colonial War
As communist and anti-colonial ideologies spread out across Africa, many clandestine political movements were established in support of Mozambican independence. These movements claimed that since policies and development plans were primarily designed by the ruling authorities for the benefit of Mozambique's Portuguese population, little attention was paid to Mozambique's tribal integration and the development of its native communities.[8] According to the official guerrilla statements, this affected a majority of the indigenous population who suffered both state-sponsored discrimination and enormous social pressure. Many felt they had received too little opportunity or resources to upgrade their skills and improve their economic and social situation to a degree comparable to that of the Europeans. Statistically, Mozambique's Portuguese whites were indeed wealthier and more skilled than the black indigenous majority. As a response to the guerrilla movement, the Portuguese government from the 1960s and principally the early 1970s, initiated gradual changes with new socioeconomic developments and equalitarian policies for all.[citation needed]
The Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO), initiated a guerrilla campaign against Portuguese rule in September 1964. This conflict, along with the two others already initiated in the other Portuguese colonies of Angola and Portuguese Guinea, became part of the so-called Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974). From a military standpoint, the Portuguese regular army maintained control of the population centres while the guerrilla forces sought to undermine their influence in rural and tribal areas in the north and west. As part of their response to FRELIMO the Portuguese government began to pay more attention to creating favourable conditions for social development and economic growth.[9]
After 10 years of sporadic warfare and Portugal's return to democracy through a leftist military coup in Lisbon which replaced Portugal's Estado Novo regime for a military junta (the Carnation Revolution of April 1974), FRELIMO took control of the territory. Within a year, most of the 250,000 Portuguese in Mozambique had left – some expelled by the government of the nearly independent territory, some fleeing in fear – and Mozambique became independent from Portugal on June 25, 1975.[10] Within a few years, almost the entire ethnic Portuguese population which had remained at independence had also departed.

Conflict and civil war

.The new government, under president Samora Machel, gave shelter and support to South African (African National Congress) and Zimbabwean (Zimbabwe African National Union) liberation movements while the governments of first Rhodesia and later South Africa (at that time still operating the Apartheid laws) fostered and financed an armed rebel movement in central Mozambique called the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO).^ Place of Hunting: Mozambique Zambezi and North Province (Mozambique and South Africa) .

Starting shortly after the independence, the country was plagued from 1977 to 1992 by a long and violent civil war between the opposition forces of anti-Communist RENAMO rebel militias and the Marxist FRELIMO regime - the Mozambican Civil War. Hence, civil war, combined with sabotage from the neighbouring white-ruled state of Rhodesia and the Apartheid regime of South Africa, ineffective policies, failed central planning and the resulting economic collapse, characterized the first decades of Mozambican independence. Marking this period were the mass exodus of Portuguese nationals and Mozambicans of Portuguese heritage,[11] a collapsed infrastructure, lack of investment in productive assets, and government nationalisation of privately owned industries. During most of the civil war, the FRELIMO-formed central government was unable to exercise effective control outside of urban areas, many of which were cut off from the capital. In one time RENAMO proposed the peace agreement based on secession of their controlled northern and western territories for found an independent Republic of Rombesia, but FRELIMO refused considering to stand own power in whole country. An estimated one million Mozambicans perished during the civil war, 1.7 million took refuge in neighbouring states, and several million more were internally displaced.[12]
On October 19, 1986 Samora Machel was on his way back from an international meeting in Zambia in the presidential Tupolev Tu-134 aircraft when the plane crashed in the Lebombo Mountains, near Mbuzini. There were ten survivors but President Machel and thirty-three others died, including ministers and officials of the Mozambique government. The United Nations' Soviet Union delegation issued a minority report contending that their expertise and experience had been undermined by the South Africans. Representatives of the Soviet Union advanced the theory that the plane had been intentionally diverted by a false navigational beacon signal, using a technology provided by military intelligence operatives of the South African government.[13]
Machel's successor, Joaquim Chissano,did the big changes in the country, starting the reforms, changing from Marxism to Capitalism and began peace talks with RENAMO. The new constitution enacted in 1990 provided for a multi-party political system, market-based economy, and free elections.[citation needed] The civil war ended in October 1992 with the Rome General Peace Accords, first brokered by the CCM, the Christian Council of Mozambique (Council of Protestant Churches) and then taken over by Community of Sant'Egidio. Under supervision of the ONUMOZ peacekeeping force of the United Nations, peace returned to Mozambique.[citation needed]
By mid-1995 more than 1.7 million Mozambican refugees who had sought asylum in neighbouring Malawi, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Zambia, Tanzania, and South Africa as a result of war and drought had returned, as part of the largest repatriation witnessed in sub-Saharan Africa.[citation needed]

Foreign relations

Embassy of Mozambique in Washington, D.C.
While allegiances dating back to the liberation struggle remain relevant, Mozambique's foreign policy has become increasingly pragmatic. The twin pillars of Mozambique's foreign policy are maintenance of good relations with its neighbors and maintenance and expansion of ties to development partners.
.During the 1970s and the early 1980s, Mozambique's foreign policy was inextricably linked to the struggles for majority rule in Rhodesia and South Africa as well as superpower competition and the Cold War.^ Place of Hunting: Mozambique Zambezi and North Province (Mozambique and South Africa) .

[citation needed] Mozambique's decision to enforce UN sanctions against Rhodesia and deny that country access to the sea led Ian Smith's government to undertake overt and covert actions to destabilize the country. .Although the change of government in Zimbabwe in 1980 removed this threat, the government of South Africa continued to finance the destabilization of Mozambique.^ Place of Hunting: Mozambique Zambezi and North Province (Mozambique and South Africa) .

Mozambique also belonged to the Front Line States.[citation needed]
The 1984 Nkomati Accord, while failing in its goal of ending South African support to RENAMO, opened initial diplomatic contacts between the Mozambican and South African governments. .This process gained momentum with South Africa's elimination of apartheid, which culminated in the establishment of full diplomatic relations in October 1993. While relations with neighbouring Zimbabwe, Malawi, Zambia, and Tanzania show occasional strains, Mozambique's ties to these countries remain strong.^ Place of Hunting: Mozambique Zambezi and North Province (Mozambique and South Africa) .

In the years immediately following its independence, Mozambique benefited from considerable assistance from some Western countries, notably the Scandinavians. The Soviet Union and its allies, however, became Mozambique's primary economic, military, and political supporters and its foreign policy reflected this linkage. This began to change in 1983; in 1984 Mozambique joined the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. Western aid by the Scandinavian countries of Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Iceland quickly replaced Soviet support. Finland [14] and the Netherlands are becoming increasingly important sources of development assistance. Italy also maintains a profile in Mozambique as a result of its key role during the peace process. Relations with Portugal, the former colonial power, continue to be important, as Portuguese investors play a visible role in Mozambique's economy.
Mozambique is a member of the Non-Aligned Movement and ranks among the moderate members of the African bloc in the United Nations and other international organisations. Mozambique also belongs to the African Union (formerly the Organisation of African Unity) and the Southern African Development Community. In 1994, the government became a full member of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, in part to broaden its base of international support but also to please the country's sizable Muslim population. Similarly, in early 1996 Mozambique joined its Anglophone neighbours in the Commonwealth of Nations. At the time it was the only nation to have joined the Commonwealth that was never part of the British Empire. In the same year, Mozambique became a founding member and the first President of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP), and maintains close ties with other Lusophone states.

Provinces, districts, and postos

A panoramic view of Maputo, the capital of Mozambique and the largest city in the country. Maputo city is separate from the Maputo Province.
Mozambique is divided into ten provinces (provincias) and one capital city (cidade capital) with provincial status. The provinces are subdivided into 129 districts (distritos). The districts are further divided in 405 "Postos Administrativos" (Administrative Posts) and then into Localidades (Localities), the lowest geographical level of the central state administration. Since 1998, 33 "Municípios" (Municipalities) have been created in Mozambique.
  1. Cabo Delgado
  2. Gaza
  3. Inhambane
  4. Manica
  5. Maputo (city)
  6. Maputo
  7. Nampula
  8. Niassa
  9. Sofala
  10. Tete
  11. Zambezia
Map of Mozambique with the province highlighted

Geography and climate

Satellite image of Mozambique, generated from raster graphics data supplied by The Map Library
At 309,475 square miles (801,590 km²), Mozambique is the world's 35th-largest country (after Pakistan). It is comparable in size to Turkey.
Mozambique is located on the southeast coast of Africa. .It is bound by Swaziland to the south, South Africa to the southwest, Zimbabwe to the west, Zambia and Malawi to the northwest, Tanzania to the north and the Indian Ocean to the east.^ Place of Hunting: Mozambique Zambezi and North Province (Mozambique and South Africa) .

The country is divided into two topographical regions by the Zambezi River. To the north of the Zambezi River, the narrow coastline moves inland to hills and low plateaus, and further west to rugged highlands, which include the Niassa highlands, Namuli or Shire highlands, Angonia highlands, Tete highlands and the Makonde plateau, covered with miombo woodlands. To the south of the Zambezi River, the lowlands are broader with the Mashonaland plateau and Lebomo mountains located in the deep south.
Mount Murresse and tea plantations near Gurúè, Zambezia Province, northern Mozambique.
The country is drained by five principal rivers and several smaller ones with the largest and most important the Zambezi. The country has three lakes, Lake Niassa (or Malawi), Lake Chiuta and Lake Shirwa, all in the north. The major cities are Maputo, Beira, Nampula, Tete, Quelimane, Chimoio, Pemba, Inhambane, Xai-Xai and Lichinga.
Mozambique has a tropical climate with two seasons, a wet season from October to March and a dry season from April to September. Climatic conditions, however, vary depending on altitude. Rainfall is heavy along the coast and decreases in the north and south. Annual precipitation varies from 500 to 900 mm (20 to 35 inches) depending on the region with an average of 590 mm (23 inches). Cyclones are also common during the wet season. Average temperature ranges in Maputo are from 13 to 24 degrees Celsius (55 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit) in July to 22 to 31 degrees Celsius (72 to 88 degrees Fahrenheit) in February.

Politics

Mozambique is a multi-party democracy under the 1990 constitution. The executive branch comprises a president, prime minister, and Council of Ministers. There is a National Assembly and municipal assemblies. The judiciary comprises a Supreme Court and provincial, district, and municipal courts. Suffrage is universal at eighteen.
In the 1994 elections, Joaquim Chissano was elected President with 53% of the vote, and a 250-member National Assembly was voted in with 129 Liberation Front of Mozambique (FRELIMO) deputies, 112 Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) deputies, and nine representatives of three smaller parties that formed the Democratic Union (UD). Since its formation in 1994, the National Assembly has made progress in becoming a body increasingly more independent of the executive. By 1999, more than one-half (53%) of the legislation passed originated in the Assembly.
After some delays, in 1998 the country held its first local elections to provide for local representation and some budgetary authority at the municipal level. The principal opposition party, RENAMO, boycotted the local elections, citing flaws in the registration process. Independent slates contested the elections and won seats in municipal assemblies. Turnout was very low.
In the aftermath of the 1998 local elections, the government resolved to make more accommodations to the opposition's procedural concerns for the second round of multiparty national elections in 1999. Working through the National Assembly, the electoral law was rewritten and passed by consensus in December 1998. Financed largely by international donors, a very successful voter registration was conducted from July to September 1999, providing voter registration cards to 85% of the potential electorate (more than seven million voters).
The second general elections were held December 3–5, 1999, with high voter turnout. International and domestic observers agreed that the voting process was well organized and went smoothly. Both the opposition and observers subsequently cited flaws in the tabulation process that, had they not occurred, might have changed the outcome. In the end, however, international and domestic observers concluded that the close result of the vote reflected the will of the people.
President Chissano won the presidency with a margin of 4% points over the RENAMO-Electoral Union coalition candidate, Afonso Dhlakama, and began his five-year term in January, 2000. FRELIMO increased its majority in the National Assembly with 133 out of 250 seats. RENAMO-UE coalition won 116 seats, one went independent, and no third parties are represented.
The opposition coalition did not accept the National Election Commission's results of the presidential vote and filed a formal complaint to the Supreme Court. One month after the voting, the court dismissed the opposition's challenge and validated the election results. The opposition did not file a complaint about the results of the legislative vote.
The second local elections, involving thirty-three municipalities with some 2.4 million registered voters, took place in November 2003. This was the first time that FRELIMO, RENAMO-UE, and independent parties competed without significant boycotts. The 24% turnout was well above the 15% turnout in the first municipal elections. FRELIMO won twenty-eight mayoral positions and the majority in twenty-nine municipal assemblies, while RENAMO won five mayoral positions and the majority in four municipal assemblies. The voting was conducted in an orderly fashion without violent incidents. However, the period immediately after the elections was marked by objections about voter and candidate registration and vote tabulation, as well as calls for greater transparency.
Mozambique's president, Armando Guebuza.
In May 2004, the government approved a new general elections law that contained innovations based on the experience of the 2003 municipal elections.
Presidential and National Assembly elections took place on December 1–2, 2004. FRELIMO candidate Armando Guebuza won with 64% of the popular vote. His opponent, Afonso Dhlakama of RENAMO, received 32% of the popular vote. FRELIMO won 160 seats in Parliament. A coalition of RENAMO and several small parties won the 90 remaining seats. Armando Guebuza was inaugurated as the President of Mozambique on February 2, 2005. RENAMO and some other opposition parties made claims of election fraud and denounced the result. These claims were supported by international observers (among others by the European Union Election Observation Mission to Mozambique and the Carter Centre) to the elections who criticised the fact that the National Electoral Commission (CNE) did not conduct fair and transparent elections. They listed a whole range of shortcomings by the electoral authorities that benefited the ruling party FRELIMO. However, according to EU observers, the elections shortcomings have probably not affected the final result in the presidential election. On the other hand, the observers have declared that the outcome of the parliamentary election and thus the distribution of seats in the National Assembly does not reflect the will of the Mozambican people and is clearly to the disadvantage of RENAMO.

Economy

Women in Mozambique with maize.
The official currency is the New Metical (as of 2009, 1 USD is roughly equivalent to 31 Meticals), which replaced old Meticals at the rate of a thousand to one. The old currency will be redeemed by the Bank of Mozambique until the end of 2012. The US dollar, South African rand, and recently the euro are also widely accepted and used in business transactions. The minimum legal salary is around US$60 per month. Mozambique is a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The SADC free trade protocol is aimed at making the Southern African region more competitive by eliminating tariffs and other trade barriers. The World Bank in 2007 talked of Mozambique’s ‘blistering pace of economic growth’. A joint donor-government study in early 2007 said ‘Mozambique is generally considered an aid success story.’ The IMF in early 2007 said ‘Mozambique is a success story in Sub-Saharan Africa.’ Yet, despite this apparent success, both the World Bank and UNICEF used the word ‘paradox’ to describe rising chronic child malnutrition in the face of GDP growth. Between 1994 and 2006, average annual GDP growth was approximately 8%, however, the country remains one of the poorest and most underdeveloped in the world. In a 2006 survey, three-quarters of Mozambicans said that in the past five years their economic position had remained the same or become worse.[15]

Rebounding growth

The resettlement of civil war refugees and successful economic reform have led to a high growth rate: the country has enjoyed a remarkable recovery, achieving an average annual rate of economic growth of 8% between 1996 and 2006.[16] The devastating floods of early 2000 slowed GDP growth to 2.1%. A full recovery was achieved with growth of 14.8% in 2001. In 2003, the growth rate was 7%. The government projects the economy to continue to expand between 7%-10% a year for the next five years, although rapid expansion in the future hinges on several major foreign investment projects, continued economic reform, and the revival of the agriculture, transportation, and tourism sectors. More than 75% of the population engages in small-scale agriculture, which still suffers from inadequate infrastructure, commercial networks, and investment. However, 88% of Mozambique's arable land is still uncultivated.[citation needed]
In addition, the profitable exploitation of valuable titanium reserves has the potential to uplift this poverty-stricken region of Africa. As a natural resource, it could play a significant role in solving unemployment and poverty.[citation needed]

Inflation

A view of the Cahora Bassa reservoir.
The government's tight control of spending and the money supply, combined with financial sector reform, successfully reduced inflation from 70% in 1994 to less than 5% in 1998–99. Economic disruptions stemming from the devastating floods of 2000 caused inflation to jump to 12.7% that year, and it was 13% in 2003. Mozambique's currency, the Metical (MZM), devaluated by 50% to the dollar in 2001, although in late 2001 it began to stabilize. Since then, it has held steady at about 24,000 MZM to 1 U.S. dollar. New Metical replaced old Meticals at a rate of a thousand to one on January 1, 2007, bringing the exchange rate to 25 (new) MZN to 1 USD.

Economic reforms

More than 1,200 state-owned enterprises (mostly small) have been privatised. Preparations for privatisation and/or sector liberalisation are underway for the remaining parastatal enterprises, including telecommunications, energy, ports, and railways. The government frequently selects a strategic foreign investor when privatising a parastatal. Additionally, customs duties have been reduced, and customs management has been streamlined and reformed. The government introduced a value-added tax in 1999 as part of its efforts to increase domestic revenues. Plans for 2003–04 include Commercial Code reform; comprehensive judicial reform; financial sector strengthening; continued civil service reform; and improved government budget, audit, and inspection capability. Further political instability resulting from the floods left thousands homeless, displaced within their own country.[citation needed]

Improving trade imbalance

Imports remain almost 40% greater than exports, but this is a significant improvement over the 4:1 ratio of the immediate post-war years. In 2003, imports were $1.24 billion and exports were $910 million. Support programs provided by foreign donors and private financing of foreign direct investment mega-projects and their associated raw materials have largely compensated for balance-of-payments shortfalls. The medium-term outlook for exports is encouraging, since a number of foreign investment projects should lead to substantial export growth and a better trade balance. MOZAL, a large aluminium smelter that commenced production in mid-2000, has greatly expanded the nation's trade volume. Traditional Mozambican exports include cashews, shrimp, fish, copra, sugar, cotton, tea, and citrus fruits. Most of these industries are being rehabilitated. As well, Mozambique is less dependent on imports for basic food and manufactured goods because of steady increases in local production.

Tourism

Transportation

Demographics

Makua children in Mozambique
The north-central provinces of Zambezia and Nampula are the most populous, with about 45% of the population. The estimated four million Macua are the dominant group in the northern part of the country and about 95% of them are Muslim; the Sena and Shona (mostly Ndau) are prominent in the Zambezi valley, and the Shangaan (Tsonga) dominate in southern Mozambique. Other groups include Makonde, Yao, Swahili, Tonga, Chopi, and Nguni (including Zulu). Bantu people comprise 99.66% of the population, with the rest including White Africans (largely of Portuguese ancestry), Euro-Africans (mestiço people of mixed Bantu and Portuguese heritage), and Indians.[17] Roughly 45,000 people of Indian descent reside in Mozambique.[18] .During Portuguese colonial rule, a large minority of people of Portuguese descent lived permanently in almost all areas of the country,[19] and Mozambicans with Portuguese blood at the time of independence numbered about 360,000. Many of these left the region after independence from Portugal in 1975. The remaining minorities in Mozambique claim heritage from Pakistan, Portuguese India, and Arab countries.^ Area Of Hunt: Concession 10, NE Region of Country.

[citation needed] There are various estimates for the size of Mozambique's Chinese community, ranging from 1,500 to 12,000 as of 2007.[20][21]
Despite the influence of Islamic coastal traders and European colonisers, the people of Mozambique have largely retained an indigenous culture based on small-scale agriculture. Mozambique's most well-known art forms are wood sculpture, for which the Makonde in northern Mozambique are particularly renowned, and dance. The middle and upper classes continue to be heavily influenced by the Portuguese colonial and linguistic heritage.

Languages

Portuguese is the official and most widely spoken language of the nation, but only 40% of the population speak it — 33.5%, mostly Bantus, as their second language and only 6.5%, mostly white Mozambicans and mestiços, as their first language. Bantus speak several different languages, the most widely used being Swahili, Makhuwa, Sena, Ndau, and Shangaan. Bantu languages as spoken in Mozambique have many words of Portuguese origin. Arabs, Chinese, and Indians speak their own languages (Indians from Portuguese India speak any of the Portuguese Creoles of their origin) aside from Portuguese as their second language. Most educated Mozambicans can also speak English, which is used in schools and business, as their second or third language.

Religion

The Roman Catholic Church has established twelve dioceses (Beira, Chimoio, Gurué, Inhambane, Lichinga, Maputo, Nacala, Nampula, Pemba, Quelimane, Tete, and Xai-Xai - archdioceses are Beira, Maputo and Nampula). Statistics for the dioceses range from a low 7.44% Catholics in the population in the diocese of Chimoio, to 87.50% in Quelimane diocese (2006 official Catholic figures).
Religion in Mozambique
religion 1=percent
Roman Catholic
  
32.8%
Muslim
  
27.8%
Protestant
  
17.5%
Other
  
16.8%
None
  
5.1%
Muslims are particularly present in the north of the country. They are organized in several "tariqa" or brotherhoods (of the Qadiriya or Shadhuliyyah branch). Two national organizations also exist - the Conselho Islâmico de Moçambique (reformists) and the Congresso Islâmico de Moçambique (pro-Sufi). There are also important Indo-Pakistani associations as well as some Shia and particularly Ismaili communities.
According to the 1997 census, the Roman Catholic community makes up 32.8 percent of the population of Mozambique. Muslims comprise 27.8 percent of the population, and people of the Protestant community make up 17.5% of the country's population. 16.8% of the people have other beliefs, mainly animism, and 5.1% have no religious beliefs.[17]

Health

The fertility rate is at about 5.5 births per woman.[22] Public expenditure on health was at 2.7 % of the GDP in 2004, whereas private expenditure on health was at 1.3 % in the same year.[22] Health expenditure per capita was 42 US$ (PPP) in 2004.[22] In the early 2000s there were 3 physicians per 100,000 people in the country.[22] .Infant mortality was at 100 per 1,000 births in 2005.[22] HIV prevalence among 15 to 49 year olds exceeds 10 %.^ Date of Hunt: May 10, 2005 to May 22, 2005 .

[22]

Education

Students in front of their school in Nampula, Mozambique
Since independence from Portugal in 1975, school construction and teacher training enrollments have not kept up with population increases. Especially after the Mozambican Civil War (1977–1992), with post-war enrollments reaching all-time highs due to stability and youth population growth, the quality of education suffered. All Mozambicans are required by law to attend school through the primary level; however, a lot of children in Mozambique do not go to primary school because they have to work for their families' subsistence farms for a living. In 2007, one million children still did not go to school, most of them from poor rural families, and almost half of all teachers in Mozambique were still unqualified. Girls’ enrollment increased from 3 million in 2002 to 4.1 million in 2006 while the completion rate increased from 31,000 to 90,000, which testified a very poor completion rate.[23]
After grade 7, students must take standardised national exams to enter secondary school, which runs from 8th to 10th grade.[citation needed] Space in Mozambican universities is extremely limited; thus most students who complete pre-university school do not immediately proceed on to university studies. Many go to work as teachers or are unemployed. There are also institutes which give more vocational training, specialising in agricultural, technical, or pedagogical studies, which students may attend after grade 10 in lieu of a pre-university school.
After independence from Portugal in 1975, a number of Mozambican students continued to be admitted every year at Portuguese high schools, polytechnical institutes, and universities, through bilateral agreements between the Portuguese government and the Mozambican government; in general these students come from the Frelimo Party Political Elite.[citation needed]

Culture

International rankings

Organization Survey Ranking
Institute for Economics and Peace [1] Global Peace Index[24] 53 out of 144
United Nations Development Programme Human Development Index 172 out of 182
Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 130 out of 180
World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report 129 out of 133

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.
  1. ^ Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (.PDF). World Population Prospects, Table A.1. 2008 revision. United Nations. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_text_tables.pdf. Retrieved 2009-03-12. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Mozambique". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2006&ey=2009&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=688&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=46&pr.y=4. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  3. ^ a b Mozambique by Philip Briggs and Danny Edmunds
  4. ^ Arming Slaves, Arming slaves: from classical times to the modern age, Christopher Leslie Brown, Philip D. Morgan, Gilder Lehrman: Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition. Edition: Yale University Press, 2006 ISBN 0-300-10900-8, 9780300109009
  5. ^ a b The Cambridge history of Africa, The Cambridge history of Africa, John Donnelly Fage, A. D. Roberts, Roland Anthony Oliver, Edition: Cambridge University Press, 1986, ISBN 0-521-22505-1, 9780521225052
  6. ^ a b The Third Portuguese Empire, 1825-1975, The Third Portuguese Empire, 1825-1975: A Study in Economic Imperialism, W. G. Clarence-Smith, Edition: Manchester University Press ND, 1985, ISBN 0-7190-1719-X, 9780719017193
  7. ^ Agência Geral do Ultramar, "Na sequência do Decreto-Lei nº 38.300 de 15 de Junho de 1951, que transformou o Ministério das Colónias em Ministério do Ultramar e o Conselho do Império Colonial em Conselho Ultramarino, foram também alterados alguns nomes, pela Portaria n.º 13.593 de 5 de Julho de 1951, ganhando a designação de Agência Geral do Ultramar e Boletim Geral do Ultramar. A Agência Geral do Ultramar continuou como organismo dependente do Ministério do Ultramar, na reorganização conferida pelo Decreto-Lei n.º 41.169 de 29 de Junho de 1959, e estava vocacionado para fomentar o conhecimento recíproco das províncias ultramarinas e da metrópole, a divulgar no estrangeiro informações relativas àquelas, a orientar e desenvolver o turismo nas províncias e a exercer na metrópole procuradoria de interesses ultramarinos, prevendo já os serviços administrativos, os de informação e relações exteriores, os de turismo, e os técnicos."
  8. ^ Independence redux in postsocialist Mozambique, Alice Dinerman
  9. ^ CD do Diário de Notícias - Parte 08
  10. ^ Carnation revolution, By Mia Couto, Le Monde diplomatique, April 2004
  11. ^ Dismantling the Portuguese Empire, Time Magazine (Monday, July 07, 1975).
  12. ^ A Mozambique Formally at Peace Is Bled by Hunger and Brutality, The New York Times, October 13, 1992
  13. ^ "Special Investigation into the death of President Samora Machel". Truth and Reconciliation Commission (South Africa) Report, vol.2, chapter 6a. http://www.news24.com/Content_Display/TRC_Report/2chap6a.htm. Retrieved June 18, 2006. 
  14. ^ http://www.tpk.fi/netcomm/news/showarticle.asp?intNWSAID=71407&intSubArtID=28199
  15. ^ Is Poverty Decreasing in Mozambique?, Joseph Hanlon, Senior Lecturer, Open University, England - Paper to be presented at the Inaugural Conference of the Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Económicos (IESE) in Maputo, 19 September 2007.
  16. ^ http://www.iceida.is/english/main-activities/mozambique/
  17. ^ a b "Mozambique". CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 22 May 2007.
  18. ^ Singhvi 2000, p. 94
  19. ^ Mozambique (01/09), U.S. Department of State
  20. ^ Jian, Hong (2007), "莫桑比克华侨的历史与现状 (The History and Status Quo of Overseas Chinese in Mozambique)", West Asia and Africa (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences) (5), ISSN 1002-7122, http://scholar.ilib.cn/A-xyfz200705010.html, retrieved 2008-10-29 
  21. ^ Horta, Loro (2007-08-13), "China, Mozambique: old friends, new business", International Relations and Security Network Update, http://www.isn.ethz.ch/isn/Current-Affairs/Security-Watch/Detail/?id=53470&lng=en, retrieved 2007-11-03 
  22. ^ a b c d e f http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/data_sheets/cty_ds_MOZ.html
  23. ^ Key facts, Department for International Development (DFID), a part of the UK Government (24 May 2007)
  24. ^ "Vision of Humanity". Vision of Humanity. http://www.visionofhumanity.org/gpi/home.php. Retrieved 2010-02-04. 

Bibliography

  • Gengenbach, Heidi. Binding Memories: Women as Makers and Tellers of History in Magude, Mozambique. Columbia University Press, 2004. Entire Text Online: http://www.gutenberg-e.org/geh01/main.html
  • Abrahamsson, Hans Mozambique: The Troubled Transition, from Socialist Construction to Free Market Capitalism London: Zed Books, 1995
  • Cahen, Michel Les bandits: un historien au Mozambique_, Paris: Gulbenkian, 1994
  • Pitcher, Anne Transforming Mozambique: The politics of privatisation, 1975–2000 Cambridge, 2002
  • Newitt, Malyn A History of Mozambique Indiana University Press
  • Varia, "Religion in Mozambique", LFM: Social sciences & Missions No. 17, December 2005
  • Mwakikagile, Godfrey, Nyerere and Africa: End of an Era, Third Edition, New Africa Press, 2006, "Chapter Seven: "The Struggle for Mozambique: The Founding of FRELIMO in Tanzania," pp. 206–225, ISBN 978-0-9802534-1-2; Mwakikagile, Godfrey, Africa and America in The Sixties: A Decade That Changed The Nation and The Destiny of A Continent, First Edition, New Africa Press, 2006, ISBN 978-0-9802534-2-9

External links

Government
General information
Tourism

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Africa : East Africa : Mozambique
noframe
Location
noframe
Flag
Image:mz-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital Maputo
Government Republic
Currency Metical (MZM)
Area total: 801,590 km2
water: 17,500 km2
land: 784,090 km2
Population 19,406,703 (July 2006 est.)
Language Portuguese (official), indigenous dialects
Religion Indigenous beliefs 50%, Christian 30%, Muslim 20%
Electricity 220V/50Hz (European plug)
Calling Code 258
Internet TLD .mz
Time Zone UTC +2
.Mozambique (Moçambique) [1] is a country on the Indian Ocean coast of Southern Africa.^ Mozambique lies beside the Indian Ocean.
  • Mozambique Overland- Travel Information 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.overlandafrica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique is located on the southeast coast of Africa.
  • Featured content page about: mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC about.qkport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique faces the Indian Ocean.
  • Mozambique Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Tanzania to the north and has inland borders with Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Swaziland.^ Mozambique is located on the southeastern coast of Africa, bordering Tanzania to the north and South Africa to the south.
  • Mozambique Lighthouses 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique, independent republic, south-eastern Africa, bordered on the north by Tanzania, on the east by the Mozambique Channel of the Indian Ocean, on the south and south-west by South Africa and Swaziland, and on the west by Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Malawi.
  • Map Zones : Mozambique Map 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC kids.mapzones.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique is on the southeastern coast of Africa, bordering Tanzania, Malawi, and Zambia to the north; Zimbabwe to the west; South Africa and Swaziland to the south; and the Mozambique Channel to the east.
  • Culture of Mozambique - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, tribe, population, religion, rituals 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mozambique's eastern coastline along the Indian Ocean is more than 1,000 km long, a fantastic draw for scuba divers, fishermen, sailors and beach lovers.^ Mozambique is a long country stretching along the coastline.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.tjpmd.com [Source type: General]

^ Mozambique faces the Indian Ocean.
  • Mozambique Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique 's long stretch of eastern coastline on the Indian Ocean makes it a popular beach destination, as well as an ideal vacation for ...
  • Featured content page about: mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC about.qkport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Understand

.From the 2,436m Monte Binga peak to the stunning beaches along the coast Mozambique is a country of contrasts.^ When Portuguese explorers reached Mozambique in 1498, Arab trading settlements had existed along the coast for several centuries.
  • Background Notes Archive - Africa 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC dosfan.lib.uic.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Portuguese explorers reached Mozambique in 1498, Arab trading settlements had existed along the coast and outlying islands for several centuries.

^ The northern and central interior is mountainous; Monte Binga (7,992 ft/2,436 m), the country's loftiest point, is situated at the Zimbabwean border W of Beira.
  • Mozambique News - Breaking World Mozambique News - The New York Times 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

.As well as some of the best colonial era architecture and relics to be found on the continent, Mozambique has also preserved its African cultural heritage which can be experienced through art, music and food.^ Mozambique is a unique mix of cultural practices and although geographically it is part of Southern Africa, the country's historical and cultural heritage is more closely related to Muslim North Africa.

^ Pemba, Northern Mozambique to promote art and culture" Stages productions of drama, music, dance where traditional art expressions and culture are incorporated into modern settings and preserved for the future.
  • Mozambique Mocambique on the Internet 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www-sul.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Mozambique cultures are influenced by the following: • Music and dance is influenced by the Portuguese roots of the country • Cuisine and food play a key role in social events and festivals • Art is a key part of tribal cultures • Architecture and buildings are heavily influenced by colonial eras • Customs and traditions are a blend of African and Portuguese influences .
  • Mozambique Budget Travel | Mozambique Backpacking Tours 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.overlandingafrica.com [Source type: General]

Geography

.Mozambique stretches for 1,535 mi (2,470 km) along Africa's southeast coast.^ Mozambique is located on the southeast coast of Africa.
  • Featured content page about: mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC about.qkport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Portuguese explorers reached Mozambique in 1498, Arab trading settlements had existed along the coast for several centuries.
  • Background Notes Archive - Africa 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC dosfan.lib.uic.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Portuguese explorers reached Mozambique in 1498, Arab-trading settlements had existed along the coast and outlying islands for several centuries.
  • Map Zones : Mozambique Map 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC kids.mapzones.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is nearly twice the size of California. .Tanzania is to the north; Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe to the west; and South Africa and Swaziland to the south.^ South of Tete Province, north of Zimbabwe.
  • Ethnologue report for Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: General]

^ Mozambique, independent republic, south-eastern Africa, bordered on the north by Tanzania, on the east by the Mozambique Channel of the Indian Ocean, on the south and south-west by South Africa and Swaziland, and on the west by Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Malawi.
  • Map Zones : Mozambique Map 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC kids.mapzones.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique is on the southeastern coast of Africa, bordering Tanzania, Malawi, and Zambia to the north; Zimbabwe to the west; South Africa and Swaziland to the south; and the Mozambique Channel to the east.
  • Culture of Mozambique - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, tribe, population, religion, rituals 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The country is generally a low-lying plateau broken up by 25 sizable rivers that flow into the Indian Ocean.^ Mozambique lies beside the Indian Ocean.
  • Mozambique Overland- Travel Information 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.overlandafrica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two major factors influence the climate of Mozambique - the warm Indian Ocean current flowing south from the equator and the altitude of the Mozambique Plateau.

^ In January 2004, the South African government announced its intentions to encourage the private sector to move into power generation in the country.
  • Southern African Development Community Country Analysis Brief 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.eia.doe.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The largest is the Zambezi, which provides access to central Africa.^ The Zambezi River is an important natural resource, supplying power through the Cahora Bassa dam, one of Africa's largest hydroelectric projects.
  • Culture of Mozambique - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, tribe, population, religion, rituals 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the interior several chains of mountains form the backbone of the country.^ The northern and central interior is mountainous; Monte Binga (7,992 ft/2,436 m), the country's loftiest point, is situated at the Zimbabwean border W of Beira.
  • Mozambique News - Breaking World Mozambique News - The New York Times 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

History

In 1500 the Portuguese established a string of forts and trading posts up and down the coast, starting with present day Isla de Mozambique (at that time simply known as Mozambique and where the country gets its modern name), where the Portuguese plied the spice and slave routes from Mozambique up until 1891.
After World War 1 Portugise investment in commercial, industrial, agricultural, educational, transportation, and health care infrastructure for the indegenious population started providing for better social and economic possibilities and these continued to gain pace up until independence in 1975.
.In 1962 several anti-colonial political groups formed the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO), which initiated an armed campaign against Portuguese colonial rule.^ Colonial Mozambique - - Consolidation of Portuguese control .
  • Mozambique -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The newly formed organisation gets the name FRELIMO (the Front for Liberation of Mozambique).
  • Mozambique History Timeline - historic overview of Mocambique, Africa 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.crawfurd.dk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The drive for Mozambican independence developed apace, and in 1962 several anti-colonial political groups formed the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO), which initiated an armed campaign against Portuguese colonial rule in September 1964.
  • Map Zones : Mozambique Map 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC kids.mapzones.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mozambique became independent after ten years of sporadic warfare on June 25, 1975. FRELIMO took complete control of the territory after a transition period and within a year of independence, almost all the Portuguese population had left Mozambique – some expelled by the new government of Mozambique, some fleeing in fear.^ Colonial Mozambique - - Consolidation of Portuguese control .
  • Mozambique -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Frelimo convinces the new Portuguese military government that it is ready to take over control of Mozambique.
  • Mozambique History Timeline - historic overview of Mocambique, Africa 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.crawfurd.dk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We are left with a new Mozambique.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.tjpmd.com [Source type: General]

.Upon independence Mozambique had less than 5 engineers in the entire country and the previous colonial infrastructure investments stopped entirely resulting in the rapid disintegration of much of Mozambique's infrastructure.^ One of the world's poorest countries – the result of centuries of colonial neglect, application of Marxist economic theories and 30 years of intense guerrilla warfare.
  • Operation World - Detailed Information 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.operationworld.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Portugal however established Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau and Angola as Portuguese overseas provinces of the mother country, and emigration to the colonies soared.
  • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Talks with Frelimo resulted in a mutual cease-fire and an agreement for Mozambique to become independent in June, 1975.
  • Mozambique News - Breaking World Mozambique News - The New York Times 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

.FRELIMO responded to their lack of resources and the Cold War politics of the mid-1970s by moving into alignment with the Soviet Union and its allies.^ When independence was proclaimed in 1975, the leaders of FRELIMO's military campaign rapidly established a one-party state allied to the Soviet bloc, eliminating political pluralism, religious educational institutions, and the role of traditional authorities.
  • Map Zones : Mozambique Map 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC kids.mapzones.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A single-party state under Frelimo (the Mozambique Liberation Front), it was wracked by civil war in the 1970s and ’80s.
  • Mozambique -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, it was a costly war, and when Portuguese army officers revolted in the mid-1970s, the colonial government collapsed.
  • Culture of Mozambique - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, tribe, population, religion, rituals 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.FRELIMO established a one-party Socialist state, and quickly received substantial international aid from Cuba and the Soviet bloc nations.^ Independence - - Mozambique as a one-party state .
  • Mozambique -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique as a one-party state - - Peace in Mozambique .
  • Mozambique -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FRELIMO quickly established a one-party Marxist state and outlawed rival political activity.
  • Map Zones : Mozambique Map 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC kids.mapzones.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1975 the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO), an anti-communist group sponsored by the Rhodesian Intelligence Service, the apartheid government in South Africa as well as the United States after Zimbabwe's independence, was founded and launched a series of attacks on transport routes, schools and health clinics, and the country descended into civil war.^ Independent in 1975 as a Marxist-Leninist state after a long and bitter war for independence.
  • Operation World - Detailed Information 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.operationworld.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: Mozambique is a developing country in southern Africa which has been steadily rebuilding its economy and civic institutions since ending a 16-year civil war in 1992.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique also exported labor in enormous quantities, as the colonial government received compensation for the hundreds of thousands of Mozambicans who traveled to work in the mines of South Africa and Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe).
  • Map Zones : Mozambique Map 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC kids.mapzones.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1990, with apartheid crumbling in South Africa, and support for RENAMO drying up in South Africa and in the United States, the first direct talks between the FRELIMO government and Renamo were held.^ After Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) obtained majority rule in 1980, the Mozambique National Resistance Movement (MNR or Renamo), a powerful dissident group financed in part by South Africa, waged guerrilla warfare against Frelimo.
  • Mozambique News - Breaking World Mozambique News - The New York Times 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ The collapse of the Soviet Union, Frelimo's strongest ally, as well as the un- banning of the ANC in South Africa led to peace talks being resumed in Mozambique in 1991.This resulted in an adoption of a new constitution and the beginning of peace negotiations between Frelimo and Renamo and the ending of one party rule in Mozambique in 1990.
  • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The new government gave shelter and support to South African (ANC) and Zimbabwean (ZANU) liberation movements while the governments of apartheid South Africa and Rhodesia fostered and financed an armed rebel movement in central Mozambique called the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO).
  • Map Zones : Mozambique Map 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC kids.mapzones.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In November 1990 a new constitution was adopted.^ November 1990: Mozambique adopts to a new constitution allowing a multiparty system.
  • Mozambique History Timeline - historic overview of Mocambique, Africa 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.crawfurd.dk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A new constitution for a multi- party democracy was adopted, and a UN-negotiated peace agreement was signed in 1992.
  • Mozambique Overland- Travel Information 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.overlandafrica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Mozambique was now a multiparty state, with periodic elections, and guaranteed democratic rights. With the signing of the Rome General Peace Accords the civil war ended on the October 15, 1992.
Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily highs (°C) 30 30 30 29 27 25 25 26 27 28 29 30
Nightly lows (°C) 22 22 21 19 16 14 14 15 16 18 20 21
Precipitation (cm) 13.0 12.4 9.7 6.4 2.8 2.7 1.3 1.3 3.8 4.6 8.6 10.3
.Almost all of Mozambique falls within the tropics and as such Mozambique features a mostly tropical climate.^ Mozambique has a tropical climate.
  • Mozambique Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ About one third of Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) falls within Mozambique's boundaries; Lake Chilwa (Lago Chirua) is at the border with Malawi.
  • Mozambique Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique has a tropical climate with two seasons, a wet season from October to March and a dry season from April to September.
  • Featured content page about: mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC about.qkport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Along the coast Mozambique has a warm, tropical climate.^ Mozambique has a tropical climate.
  • Mozambique Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique has a tropical and sub-tropical climate, but the nights can be quite chilly, especially in winter.
  • Mozambique Safaris| Frequently asked questions 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.andbeyondafrica.com [Source type: General]

^ When Portuguese explorers reached Mozambique in 1498, Arab trading settlements had existed along the coast and outlying islands for several centuries.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Evenings are rarely cold, except for a few nights in June and July and the rainfall isn't too high. .In summer temperatures can soar and the humidity levels rise.^ The rainy season occurs in summer, when temperatures can rise to 40ºC (104º).
  • Mozambique Safaris| Frequently asked questions 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.andbeyondafrica.com [Source type: General]

.Temperatures are typically higher in the north, around Pemba, and around the Zambezi.^ Zambezi North to Pemba .
  • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The interior plains generally have a higher temperature then that of the coast and have higher rainfall throughout the year. The mountainous regions generally remain cool throughout the year.

Public Holidays

The public holidays in Mozambique are:
  • 1 January New Year's Day.
  • 3 February Heroes' Day.
  • 7 April Woman's Day.
  • 1 May Workers' Day.
  • 25 June Independence Day.
  • 7 September Lusaka Agreement Day.
  • 25 September Armed Forces Day.
  • 4 October Peace Day.
  • 25 December Family Day.

Smoking

.Smoking in all pubic places was banned in Mozambique in 2007. However many restaurants and bars have ignored this ban as it is almost entirely unenforced.^ May 2009 In 2007, one million children still did not go to school, most of them from poor rural families, and almost half of all teachers in Mozambique were still unqualified.
  • Featured content page about: mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC about.qkport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Restaurants, bars, and other places of entertainment can, if they choose, provide a space for smokers.
  • Articles:Listing Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All the public media are banned from advertising tobacco products - which formalises what is already standard practice on Radio Mozambique and Mozambique Television (TVM).
  • Articles:Listing Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Regions

Mozambique has 10 provinces that can be grouped into the following three regions:
.Northern Mozambique
Encompasses Cabo Delgado, Nampula and Niassa provinces.^ A military post in the Cabo Delgado province are attacked.
  • Mozambique History Timeline - historic overview of Mocambique, Africa 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.crawfurd.dk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cabo Delgado Province Lighthouses Ponta Maunhane (Pemba Bay, Mecúfi) (2) 1932 (station established 1912).
  • Mozambique Lighthouses 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cabo Delgado Province coast, Tanzania border south to Quionga, Palma, to just south of Olumbe; interior along Ruvuma River to Pundanhar.
  • Ethnologue report for Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: General]

.Central Mozambique
Home to Manica, Sofala, Tete and Zambézia provinces.^ Mozambique's Cahora Bassa hydroelectric facility is located on the Zambezi river in the western province of Tete.
  • Southern African Development Community Country Analysis Brief 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.eia.doe.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Place of Hunting: Mozambique Tete Province .

^ The workers had been recruited in Tete and Manica provinces, promised good working conditions, and provided transportation to Maputo.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
.Southern Mozambique
Gaza, Inhambane Vilankulo, and Maputo provinces.^ Cabo Delgado, Gaza, Inhambane, Manica, Maputo, Cidade de Maputo*, Nampula, Niassa, Sofala, Tete, Zambezia .

  • Maputo - the thriving capital in the far south of the country.
  • Beira - a busy port town and capital of Sofala Province.
  • Inhambane - a pretty historic town on a bay.
  • Nampula - an industrial city in the north and capital of Nampula Province.
  • Bazaruto Archipelago - a beautiful island resort and underwater marine park with great diving, geared to high-end tourism.
  • Cahora Bassa dam - Hydro-electric dam on the Zambezi river and the second largest man-made lake in Africa.
  • Gorongosa National Park
  • Quirimbas Archipelago & Quirimbas National Park - at the North of the country, a scenic and secluded holiday destination off the beaten track with lush African bush on the mainland and white sand beaches/crustal blue water in the Archipelago and on the coast.^ About 80 percent of the country's electricity is supplied by South Africa.
    • Southern African Development Community Country Analysis Brief 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.eia.doe.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ South of Tete Province, north of Zimbabwe.
    • Ethnologue report for Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: General]

    ^ (Zambezi River navigable to Tete and along Cahora Bassa Lake) (2004) .
    • CIA - The World Factbook -- Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Accessible through Pemba.
  • Ilha de Mozambique - a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the former capital under Portuguese rule.
  • Pemba - in Northern Mozambique, a popular holiday destination for Mozambicans, although its isolation has kept it off the tourist route for most Western visitors.
  • Ponta d'Ouro - a great dive spot, more easily accessible from South Africa than from Maputo.
  • Tofo Beach - a backpacker haven on the coastline east of Inhambane with excellent diving.
  • Vilanculos - also known as Vilankulo is a popular holiday destination.^ Maputo, the capital of Mozambique in Southeastern Africa, is a potpourri of cultures from around the world, including a strong Portuguese ...
    • Featured content page about: mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC about.qkport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Mozambique " Site of Arcenio de Almeida .
    • Mozambique Mocambique on the Internet 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www-sul.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Most provinces in the northern Mozambique are now liberated from Portuguese control.
    • Mozambique History Timeline - historic overview of Mocambique, Africa 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.crawfurd.dk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The gateway to the Bazaruto Archipelago with excellent scuba diving and Snorkelling also well known for it's deep sea fishing.

Get in

.As it is impossible to exchange Meticais outside of Mozambique it is advisable to change a small amount of currency if arriving at a land border in mid to late afternoon to cover taxi's and meals for the first night, currency exchanges generally close at 6pm and due to sporadic ATM failures access to currency is by no means guaranteed out of hours.^ Mozambique Currency Convertor / Exchange rate of Mozambique .
  • Mozambique Currency Convertor / Exchange rate of Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC wwp.greenwichmeantime.com [Source type: News]

^ There is no restriction on how much foreign exchange one can bring into the country but one must be sure to declare what is brought in at the border in order to be able to take one's money out again on departure.
  • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since January 2007, the old currency is out of circulation and no longer accepted.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.When accepted by merchants foreign currency has an extremely poor exchange rate.^ Exchange rate to other major currencies .
  • Mozambique Currency Convertor / Exchange rate of Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC wwp.greenwichmeantime.com [Source type: News]

^ Mozambique Currency Convertor / Exchange rate of Mozambique .
  • Mozambique Currency Convertor / Exchange rate of Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC wwp.greenwichmeantime.com [Source type: News]

^ In 2008 Treasury bond sales were used to control liquidity, and foreign exchange sales were used to keep the exchange rate stable and control imported inflation.

Visas and border fees

.All visitors (except citizens of Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Botswana, Malawi, Mauritius, Zimbabwe, & Zambia) need a visa, which can be obtained on arrival at some airports (Maputo, Vilankulo and Pemba), at some land borders and Mozambique's embassies.^ Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania .

^ Mozambique is located on the southeastern coast of Africa, bordering Tanzania to the north and South Africa to the south.
  • Mozambique Lighthouses 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique visitor visa fees for citizens of United States .
  • Mozambique Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Mozambican Visas Online. 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC mozambique.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Visa's on entry can be purchased in meticais and US dollars, in the south South African Rand is also accepted.^ Most businesses accept payment in meticals, U.S. dollars, or South African rand.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ US dollars, British pounds and South African rands are accepted throughout most parts of Mozambique.
  • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The South African rand and U.S. dollar are sometimes accepted as legal tender, although this is more common in the southern part of the country or in tourist areas; all transactions must have a local currency (metical) payment option.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Visa cost vary dramatically between consulates and land borders.^ The Mozambican Embassy and Consulates in South Africa charge up to five times the amount charged in the U.S. or at border crossing points for a tourist visa to Mozambique.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In September 2009 a single entry visitor visa cost USD $100 at the Johannesburg consulate general, $25 at the South African land border (Lebombo/Ressano Garcia), $10 at the Mozambican Consulate in Swaziland and $25 on arrival at Maputo International airport.^ A regular ferry service takes visitors from Maputo's fishing harbour to Inhaca Island a favourite destination for South African divers and snorkellers .
  • Maputo | Mozambique | Mozambique | Go 2 Africa 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.go2africa.com [Source type: General]

^ Tourist Visa: Required Business Visa: Required Student Visa: Required Residency/Employment Visa: Required Transit Visa: Required Visitor visas can be purchased from the Embassy of Mozambique in Washington, DC, or at ports of entry to Mozambique including airports and border crossings.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ In January 2004, the South African government announced its intentions to encourage the private sector to move into power generation in the country.
  • Southern African Development Community Country Analysis Brief 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.eia.doe.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Not all borders and airports issue visa's, contact your nearest consulate to ensure the border you intend to use does or organise a visa beforehand.^ FOREIGN EXCHANGE:- For all your foreign exchange requirements refer to, TRAVELEX Foreign Exchange; Nelspruit & Komatipoort Contact Travelex Foreign Exchange for for further details.
  • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Department of State encourages all U.S. citizens traveling or residing abroad to register via the State Department's travel registration website or at the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate abroad.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ensure your passport has at least one blank page for a visa stamp.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.Land borders may also charge a stamping fee on entry which is generally USD $2, but is often waived if you buy your visa at the border.^ For instance, Mozambican embassies around the world may charge different prices and offer visas of varying durations.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Since September 2006, a single-entry tourist visa can be obtained for a fee of US$25 (cash payment only).
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Ensure your passport has at least one blank page for a visa stamp.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.In addition you must use the visa forms provided at the consulate or border as self-printed versions will not be accepted, at borders these are free but consulates generally charge USD $1 for the form.^ If you wish to pay in any other currency, you must add the equivalent of six pound sterling to cover our bank charges.
  • Mozambique News Agency - AIM Reports 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: News]

^ For general help questions, comments or feedback about our Website or to reach the Website's editorial staff, please send us an e-mail using the form.

^ The Mozambican Embassy and Consulates in South Africa charge up to five times the amount charged in the U.S. or at border crossing points for a tourist visa to Mozambique.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A tourist visa is valid for 90 days after issue and permits a 30 day stay.^ Single- and multiple-entry visas are available ranging from 30 days to 6 months; however, even with a 6-month multiple-entry visa, a stay cannot exceed 30 days during any one visit.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Please pay close attention to the period you are authorized to stay in Mozambique on your visa ("Autorizado a permaneçer pelo período de [number of days])."
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Foreigners in Mozambique without a valid visa can expect to pay a substantial fine (1000 meticais) for each day they are in Mozambique illegally.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This can be extended by a further 30 days at immigration offices in provincial capitals but given the risk of passport theft it is much safer to exit via a land border and re-enter to obtain a new visa.^ It is possible to obtain consecutive single-entry visas upon departure and re-entry to Mozambique .
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Single- and multiple-entry visas are available ranging from 30 days to 6 months; however, even with a 6-month multiple-entry visa, a stay cannot exceed 30 days during any one visit.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.There is a USD $100 a day fine for over staying a visa.^ Single- and multiple-entry visas are available ranging from 30 days to 6 months; however, even with a 6-month multiple-entry visa, a stay cannot exceed 30 days during any one visit.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Please pay close attention to the period you are authorized to stay in Mozambique on your visa ("Autorizado a permaneçer pelo período de [number of days])."
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Foreigners in Mozambique without a valid visa can expect to pay a substantial fine (1000 meticais) for each day they are in Mozambique illegally.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By plane

.Most international flights arrive from South Africa, although direct international routes also exist between Mozambique and Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Kenya and Portugal.^ Southeastern africa, bordering the mozambique channel, between south africa and tanzania .
  • Jobs in Mozambique Careers, Jobs, Education - Careers.org 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC international.careers.org [Source type: News]

^ After Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) obtained majority rule in 1980, the Mozambique National Resistance Movement (MNR or Renamo), a powerful dissident group financed in part by South Africa, waged guerrilla warfare against Frelimo.
  • Mozambique Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a direct result of mining in South Africa and farming in Rhodesia(Zimbabwe) and Nyasaland (Malawi), the Portuguese had shifted the administration of much of Mozambique, to large private companies, controlled and financed mostly by the British.
  • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are several flights daily from Johannesburg to Maputo, operated by South African Airways (SAA) [2] and the Mozambican flag-carrier Linhas Aereas de Moçambique (LAM) [3].^ Much of the island is set aside as a nature reserve, but there are also a number of resorts and the island is a popular tourist attraction, accessible from Maputo by air or by passenger ferry daily.
  • Mozambique Lighthouses 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2008, xenophobic attacks in South Africa caused the death of several Mozambicans living in the townships surrounding Johannesburg.

^ The 1984 Nkomati Accord, while failing in its goal of ending South African support to RENAMO, opened initial diplomatic contacts between the Mozambican and South African Governments.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These and other airlines such as Kenya Airways [4], Swazi Express Airways [5], TAP Portugal [6] also fly from Durban, Swaziland, Dar es Salaam, Harare, Nairobi and Lisbon.^ SARDC has offices in Harare, Maputo and Dar es Salaam.
  • Mozambique Mocambique on the Internet 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www-sul.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Mondlane was killed by a letter bomb in his offices in Dar es Salaam and in February 1969 Samora Machel took over as leader of Frelimo.
  • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eduardo Mondlane is killed by a bomb in Dar Es Salaam.
  • Mozambique History Timeline - historic overview of Mocambique, Africa 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.crawfurd.dk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In addition, local carrier Air Corridor [7] may start operating one or more international routes soon.
.There are also several flights during the week from Johannesburg, Dar es Salaam, and Nairobi to Pemba in the North, operated by either South African Airlink (SAA) or LAM. If you make a telephone booking with LAM and will not be paying for your flight until check-in you must reconfirm the flight 72 hours before departure or they are liable to cancel it.^ Mondlane was killed by a letter bomb in his offices in Dar es Salaam and in February 1969 Samora Machel took over as leader of Frelimo.
  • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Give us your feedback and comments using the Visitors Book Bookmark this page NOW! Make a link to us from your website?
  • Mozambique Currency Convertor / Exchange rate of Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC wwp.greenwichmeantime.com [Source type: News]

^ If you wish to pay in any other currency, you must add the equivalent of six pound sterling to cover our bank charges.
  • Mozambique News Agency - AIM Reports 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: News]

.After checking in you need to get a tax stamp on your boarding card.^ Check with your bank to find out if your credit card will be accepted abroad.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Based on your individual risk assessment, a health care professional can determine your need for immunizations and/or preventive medication and advise you on precautions to avoid disease.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Your first website with all the information that you need for Mozambique Tourism, Information, Accommodation and Business in Mozambique!
  • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For internal flights the tax is 200 Mts and for International flights 500 Mts to be paid in cash.

By train

From Malawi

.There is only one train line in Mozambique, which connects Nampula with Cuamba (near the Malawi border).^ Mozambique is on the southeastern coast of Africa, bordering Tanzania, Malawi, and Zambia to the north; Zimbabwe to the west; South Africa and Swaziland to the south; and the Mozambique Channel to the east.
  • Culture of Mozambique - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, tribe, population, religion, rituals 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In September 2004, Malawi's Escom announced that it could connect Zambia's Chama district, only 3 miles from the Malawian border, to its grid.
  • Southern African Development Community Country Analysis Brief 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.eia.doe.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, despite its harbor and modern facilities, Nampula has declined in importance because of the deterioration of the railroad line that leads from the city to the interior and to Malawi.
  • Culture of Mozambique - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, tribe, population, religion, rituals 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The train carries first, second and third class passengers and is usually packed.
From Nampula, the train leaves around 5-6AM, although you should arrive earlier to buy tickets from the booking office at the station. The area is packed with people traveling towards Malawi so expect queues. Once on board the journey is long and slow but fairly efficient and will get to Cuamba mid-afternoon. From here chapas will take you to the border (Entre Lagos) as only freight trains use this bit of the line. .Be warned that even hardened African travelers will likely find this stretch of road very rough - expect it to take a fair amount of time.^ Indeed, operators are still recovering the costs of second generation GSM investments and even if third generation licences are granted, deployment will take some time.

.Once at Entre Lagos, the border formalities are located within the station building (easy to find as the town is a typical small border town).^ An adventure camp is located adjacent to the light station and has a small photo of the lighthouse on its web site.
  • Mozambique Lighthouses 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The process can take some time as this is a little used crossing.^ Indeed, operators are still recovering the costs of second generation GSM investments and even if third generation licences are granted, deployment will take some time.

From here it is about a 1km walk to the Malawi side of the border. .BE WARNED - the Malawi border closes before the Mozambique one, although there is a guesthouse if you get trapped.^ Read more about when to visit Mozambique , or talk to someone who's been there - our Africa Safari Experts can give you first-hand advice.
  • Mozambique Beach Holidays | African Safari Travel | Go 2 Africa 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.go2africa.com [Source type: General]

^ Although demonstrations do occur in Mozambique, they are infrequent and there have been no recent demonstrations against U.S. interests.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique is on the southeastern coast of Africa, bordering Tanzania, Malawi, and Zambia to the north; Zimbabwe to the west; South Africa and Swaziland to the south; and the Mozambique Channel to the east.
  • Culture of Mozambique - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, tribe, population, religion, rituals 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The easiest way to get from here to Liwonde is by train - sweet-talk the guards and they may let you share their compartment.^ July 28th, 2008 at 3:00 pm Oh, that’s really neat… OH! Except that’s actually a FAKE TREE they BUILD in DISNEY WORLD, ORLANDO, FLORIA… way to not know what you’re talking about at all.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

^ Below is a link I found that may help you (or others reading this) find a way to support the great work being done to restore Mozambique's greatest treasure...
  • Greg Carr's Big Gamble | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ An older man rises to say that there have been whites here before, and for all their talk they have always brought trouble.
  • Greg Carr's Big Gamble | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

By car

.In order to enter Mozambique by car you will need the original registration documents and if it is not your vehicle a letter from the owner granting permission to take the vehicle in to Mozambique.^ Do you have specific interests that we need to take into account?
  • Mozambique Safari | Luxury safaris with andBeyond 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.andbeyondafrica.com [Source type: General]

^ Some countries or regions may not permit children to enter or, in some cases, leave the country or region without proper documentation such as a letter of consent or a court order.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ August 1st, 2008 at 4:38 am that’s the tree of life in animal kingdom in florida, that’s NOT mozambique and you should probably state the source of your photos… .
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

.All foreign vehicles are required to have 3rd party insurance, which is available at many borders for R150, and also to pay road tax which is currently 26.50 Mts.^ FOREIGN EXCHANGE:- For all your foreign exchange requirements refer to, TRAVELEX Foreign Exchange; Nelspruit & Komatipoort Contact Travelex Foreign Exchange for for further details.
  • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The law requires that all members of the government declare and deposit their assets with the Constitutional Council, but does not require that such information be made available to the general public.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Third-party insurance is required and may be obtained at ports of entry.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

From South Africa

.
  • Johannesburg (Lebombo/Ressano Garcia), (N4 towards Nelspruit, follow it until you reach the border just after Komatipoort).^ Sasol Garage, Komatipoort just before the border.
    • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Open 6am to 7pm (Occasionally open 24 hours during busy periods).^ ABMs should be used during business hours inside a bank, supermarket, or large commercial building.
    • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

    ^ Road blocks and rioting paralyzed the city for 24 hours, and numerous acts of violence were reported during this period.
    • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

    On the Mozambican side follow the EN4 for a further 100km to reach Maputo. .The stretch of the EN4 after the border leading up to the border has two toll stations that can be paid in USD, ZAR or MZN. Change is provided in Mts.  edit
  • Kruger Park (Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park), (Enter Kruger Park from Phalaborwa Gate and follow the signs for 95km to the Giriyondo Border Post.).^ If you are traveling in your own vehicle then third party insurance has to be paid at the border before entering Mozambique, R160,00 per vehicle.
    • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The region is divided with natural boundaries by the two great rivers: Zambezi and Limpopo.
    • Mozambique History Timeline - historic overview of Mocambique, Africa 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.crawfurd.dk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Open 08:00 to 15:00 from April to September and 08:00 to 16:00 from October to March.^ Date of Hunt: September 15, 2008 to October 05, 2008 .

    ^ There are two main seasons: the wet season from November through March and the dry season from April through October.
    • Culture of Mozambique - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, tribe, population, religion, rituals 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Caution 4WD only. On entering Mozambique you will be charged a conservation fee for entering Parque Nacional do Limpopo which is currently 200Mts/R67 per person and per vehicle.^ How much would you like to spend per person per night?
    • Mozambique Beach Holidays | African Safari Travel | Go 2 Africa 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.go2africa.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Meg July 30th, 2008 at 5:29 am If by “Limpopo, Mozambique,” you meant Orlando, Florida… .
    • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Currently 13.3 per cent of Mozambique’s population have access to some type of telecommunications device.

    .You do not need 3rd party insurance unless you exit Parque Nacional do Limpopo but this can be purchased at the park exit gate to Massingir.   edit
  • Kosi Bay, (Follow the R22 from Kosi Bay to the Mozambique border (signed as Ponta d'Ouro) and then take the right road as you leave the border then keep left until Ponta d'Ouro).^ MACMAHON OR 2M BEER In 1869 however the Portuguese and the Boers signed a treaty which recognised Portuguese rights to Mozambique and agreed to the building of a road from the Transvaal Republic, through to Delagoa Bay.
    • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Portuguese made Mozambique Island their headquarters until they changed it to Delagoa Bay, which became Lourenco Marques and now Maputo in 1897.
    • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Ponta do Ouro adjoins the South African border and is the site of popular beach and scuba diving resorts.
    • Mozambique Lighthouses 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Open 7:30am to 5:30pm. .Caution 4WD only. Due to the use of seasonal dirt roads after the border it is advisable to use a GPS route provided by someone who has recently completed the journey.^ Credit cards and debit cards should be used with caution due to the potential for fraud and other criminal activity.
    • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

    Access to Maputo is via a ferry service (R45) in Catembe.
     edit

From Swaziland

  • Mhlumeni. Open 7am - 6pm. .Easily one the quietest and easiest of all the Mozambique borders to pass through, it is deserted most of the time.^ However, not all externally-financed expenditures currently pass through the SISTAFE, limiting its impact on investment expenditures.

    ^ My parents go there all the time on a season pass and I have seen NUMEROUS pictures of it from seeing it first hand.
    • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Malaria occurs all throughout Mozambique, right through the year.
    • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Getting a visa and 3rd party insurance at this border can be problematic so arrange ahead of time.^ If you are traveling in your own vehicle then third party insurance has to be paid at the border before entering Mozambique, R160,00 per vehicle.
    • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .If coming from Johannesburg and traveling over the weekend or during South African holidays you can expect to save at least an hour transiting via Swaziland to this border compared to using Ressano Garcia.  edit
  • Namaacha.^ Much of that production comes from foreign-owned mega-projects launched at the beginning of the decade, the most important of which are the South African Mozal aluminium smelters.

    ^ Mozambique is on the southeastern coast of Africa, bordering Tanzania, Malawi, and Zambia to the north; Zimbabwe to the west; South Africa and Swaziland to the south; and the Mozambique Channel to the east.
    • Culture of Mozambique - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, tribe, population, religion, rituals 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Millions of tonnes of coal are expected to be mined in Tete province by 2010 by the Australian-South African mining company, BHPBilliton, and the Industrial Development Corporation of South Africa.

    Open 7am - 8pm. The busier of the two Swaziland/Mozambique border posts and is very busy over weekend and holiday periods.  edit

By bus

From Malawi

.There are a number of border crossings to/from Malawi.^ Categories · Agricultural · Business (Tobacco) · Cross-Border/Crime non-USA, by Country · Zimbabwe · Malawi · Mozambique · Tanzania · Zambia · Botswana .
  • Articles:Listing Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Categories · Agricultural · Business (Tobacco) · Cross-Border/Crime non-USA, by Country · Zimbabwe · Malawi · Mozambique · Tanzania · Africa · Zambia .
  • Articles:Listing Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By far the easiest and most frequently plied is at Zóbuè. The road is in good condition. Daily chapas run to/from Tete to the border, where you will have to walk about 300 m to get to Malawian transport. Daily through buses from Chimoio and Beira also use this crossing.
There is another border crossing to the north, at Dedza, which may be more convienient for Lilongwe but the public transport on either side can be sporadic.
To leave/enter Malawi to the east, there are two crossings, Milange and Mandimba. .Milange is in the south-east of Malawi, and to get there you need to catch one of the daily vehicles that run between Mocuba and Milange.^ "Extraction industries and so forth, there can come a time when it runs out, if you're mining or you're logging or whatever.
  • Greg Carr's Big Gamble | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

At Milange there is a 2 km walk to the border, and then another 1km to where Malawian transport leaves.
Mandimba is further north, used mainly to get to Malawi from Lichinga. Several vehicles run daily between Lichinga and Mandimba, from where it is another 7km to the border. Hitching is relatively easy, or bicycle-taxis do the trip for about $1.
It is also possible to cross the Lake - see BY BOAT below.

From South Africa

You can take the Intercape Mainliner [8], +27 861 287 287, from Johannesburg to Maputo. These buses run in both directions on a regular basis, one in the morning, and another overnight, and are safe and affordable. Other carriers include Greyhound [9] and Translux [10]. .If you intend on obtaining a visa at the border you should only purchase a ticket as far as the border, bus companies will not permit you to board with a ticket to Maputo if you are not in possession of a visa.^ This provides assistance in obtaining emergency medical services/evacuation to hospital should you suffer severe illness or an injury whilst travelling with us.
  • Mozambique Safaris| Frequently asked questions 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.andbeyondafrica.com [Source type: General]

^ Business, student and transit visitors should obtain their visa before leaving Canada.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Since September 2006, a single-entry tourist visa can be obtained for a fee of US$25 (cash payment only).
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.If you ask the bus conductor they will help you obtain a visa a the border and avoid the usually extremely long wait at the Mozambique side.^ It is possible to obtain consecutive single-entry visas upon departure and re-entry to Mozambique .
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ If you are traveling in your own vehicle then third party insurance has to be paid at the border before entering Mozambique, R160,00 per vehicle.
  • Mozambique - Mozambique accommodation - Mozambique dive sites - Mozambique Places to see - Mozambique business - Mozambique tourism - Mozambique things to do 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.mozambiquehappenings.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Once through immigration either re board the bus and pay the fare to Maputo on board or pick up a minibus taxi to Maputo from the border.^ Once, he says, "I picked up a voice mail from Greg, and it started with him saying, 'I have an idea.'
  • Greg Carr's Big Gamble | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

Three times per week there are bus connections to and from Durban (via Big Bend, Swaziland). There is also a service from Nelspruit and Komatipoort to Maputo.
There are the "taxis" to and from any destination in South Africa at affordable prices, now from 4AM to 12AM.

From Swaziland

Chapas leave from both Manzini and Mbabane to Maputo via Goba typically around 11am. Usefuly they arrive in to Baixa (and can drop you at 24 de Julho) so you are within walking distance of both Fatima's and Base. The fare is R80.

From Tanzania

.The border between Mozambique and Tanzania is formed by the River Rovuma.^ Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania .

^ South-eastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique is on the southeastern coast of Africa, bordering Tanzania, Malawi, and Zambia to the north; Zimbabwe to the west; South Africa and Swaziland to the south; and the Mozambique Channel to the east.
  • Culture of Mozambique - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, tribe, population, religion, rituals 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Daily pick-ups connect Moçimboa da Praia with Palma and Namiranga, the border post on the Mozambique side. .The main route runs from Moçimboa da Praia (on the Mozambiquan side), via Palma (Mozambique), to Mtwara (on the Tanzanian side) and vica versa.^ Most of Malawi's fuel imports are supplied via Tanzanian and South African ports, although additional sources of imports, via a pipeline from Mozambique, are also being developed.
  • Southern African Development Community Country Analysis Brief 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.eia.doe.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is recommended to take 2 days over this trip due to the low quality of the roads on the Mozambique side, and the low level of traffic. When coming from Tanzania, lifts depart from Mtwara and Kilambo to the Rovuma river. Kilambo is a small place with one road running through it, so lifts should be easy to find. Mtwara is much larger however, so ask the locals where and when lifts leave from. .When coming from Mozambique, your lift to the river will normally start from either Palma (more likely), or - if you're lucky - Moçimboa da Praia and go to the border post at Namiranga.^ Maybe you should do some reading on a subject before you go posting a blog about it.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

^ August 1st, 2008 at 4:38 am that’s the tree of life in animal kingdom in florida, that’s NOT mozambique and you should probably state the source of your photos… .
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

^ If your going to post pictures online at least get the real source instead of making some bullshit story up.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

.It will generally wait for you to have your passport stamped at the border post (a mud hut in Namiranga).^ Ensure your passport has at least one blank page for a visa stamp.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

During the wet season, your lift will then probably drive to the banks of the Rovuma. .During the dry season it will drive you to the end of the road, from which there is a walk of between 1 and 2km's (depending on the water level that day) to the Rovuma river.^ A four-wheel-drive vehicle is required for most travel outside Maputo due to poor road conditions and is also recommended during the rainy season (November to March).
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Unlike in previous years, there were no reports of violence between FRELIMO and RENAMO supporters during the year.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are two main seasons: the wet season from November through March and the dry season from April through October.
  • Culture of Mozambique - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, tribe, population, religion, rituals 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

At the moment there is an unreliable ferry that goes across the river. Typically however, the crossing is done by dugout canoes or slightly larger wooden motorboats. .The trip across the river shouldn't cost more than around 8USD, but can only normally be paid for using Tanzanian shillings, although if you find yourself without these, there are plenty of locals who will offer you "generous" exchange rates for your hard-earned Dollars and Meticais.^ Thank you for your hard work.
  • Greg Carr's Big Gamble | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ Mozambique car hire deals with all major car rental companies and negotiates with the local agencies in Mozambique to offer the best car rental rates and service for each specific location in Mozambique.
  • Mozambique car hire, Mozambique car rental from 0 Per day all inclusive 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC mozambique-carrental.com [Source type: News]

^ In addition there continued to be reports of detainees who spent longer in pretrial detention than the period of the sentence they eventually received.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If water levels are low you may have to wade to get to and from your boat on the Tanzanian side, so possessing a heavy-duty waterproof sack may be a good idea, but it is by no means essential.^ Carr: You are a man who isn't afraid to show your softer side and to share yourself/finances to help others.
  • Greg Carr's Big Gamble | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ You can’t just take what a website shoves down your throat no questions asked, do some research.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

.On the Tanzanian side you will often find yourself mobbed by people offering you transport.^ Carr: You are a man who isn't afraid to show your softer side and to share yourself/finances to help others.
  • Greg Carr's Big Gamble | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

.Pick-pocketing is common on both sides of the river, so care must be taken whilst finding transport to the nearby towns, a good method of reducing your trouble is to befriend a local on the boatride over, you will find most of your fellow travellers are willing to help you in one way or another.^ Carr: You are a man who isn't afraid to show your softer side and to share yourself/finances to help others.
  • Greg Carr's Big Gamble | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ Before cancelling a scheduled trip, you should discuss the matter with your travel agent, your travel insurer, or the airline.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Below is a link I found that may help you (or others reading this) find a way to support the great work being done to restore Mozambique's greatest treasure...
  • Greg Carr's Big Gamble | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

Transport then carries you on to the Tanzanian border post at Kilambo, and normally, further on to Mtwara, the capital of Southern Tanzania. .For further information and up-to-date news on this crossing, go to "Russell's Place" (also known as Cashew Camp) in Pemba.^ It is the traveller's responsibility to check with the Embassy of the Republic of Mozambique , based in Washington, DC (USA), for up-to-date information.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ The purpose of this Travel Report is to provide Canadians with up-to-date information to enable them to make well-informed decisions.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Police set up a commission of inquiry to investigate the death, but no further information was available at year's end.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are other crossings to Tanzania, but these all require long walks.^ Special and diplomatic passport holders should verify all visa requirements for this and other destinations, as they may differ from those that apply to regular passport holders.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ There were 221 judges (or approximately one per 90,500 inhabitants), 183 of whom held law degrees as required by law for all judges appointed after 2000.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ask around for local information.

From Zambia

The main crossing is at Cassacatiza, north-west of Tete. This border is in good condition, but lightly traveled. Daily chapas run between Tete and Matema, from there the public transport is sporadic. .The best way to travel from Mozambique to Zambia is to go via Malawi.^ This way our clients know they will always receive the best rate and service for their pick-up location in Mozambique.
  • Mozambique car hire, Mozambique car rental from 0 Per day all inclusive 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC mozambique-carrental.com [Source type: News]

^ While relations with neighboring Zimbabwe, Malawi, Zambia, and Tanzania show occasional strains, Mozambique's ties to these countries remain strong.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique is on the southeastern coast of Africa, bordering Tanzania, Malawi, and Zambia to the north; Zimbabwe to the west; South Africa and Swaziland to the south; and the Mozambique Channel to the east.
  • Culture of Mozambique - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, tribe, population, religion, rituals 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

From Zimbabwe

There are two crossings - Nyamapanda (south-west of Tete), and Machipanda (west of Chimoio). Both are heavily traveled, especially Machipanda due to its location at the end of the Beira Corridor.

By Boat

Currently there is no scheduled sea travel to and from Mozambique.

Tanzania

Outside of monsoon season it may be possible to hire a dhow from Tanzania down to Mozambique but this will generally be extremely expensive. .The Tanzanian ports of Mikindani, Mtwara and Msimbati are all within range of Mozambique and will be the best places to secure dhow transport.^ Mozambique car hire deals with all major car rental companies and negotiates with the local agencies in Mozambique to offer the best car rental rates and service for each specific location in Mozambique.
  • Mozambique car hire, Mozambique car rental from 0 Per day all inclusive 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC mozambique-carrental.com [Source type: News]

In reverse the ports of Moçimboa da Praia and Palma are the two best ports on the Mozambique side to find a dhow to Tanzania.

Malawi

The MV Ilala operates across Lake Malawi from Monkey Bay, Chilumba, Nkhata Bay to Likoma Island. From Likoma Island it is a 3km boat ride to the Mozambique border at Cobue.
It is extremely dangerous to cross on the small boats offered at the ports on both sides, these will be entirely unprepared for the squalls that blow up without notice.

Get around

Road

The EN1 runs the length of the country generally staying close to the coast from Maputo up. .Roads throughout the country are generally in poor condition, especially when compared to South Africa, although the stretch of the EN1 between Maputo and Inhambane has improved greatly in recent years and progress is spreading further north all the time.^ Carjacking is common in Maputo and on roads to Mutare, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania .

^ Communications are generally good in Maputo, but poor in rural areas.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

Chapas and Busses

.Buses and chapas leave early in Mozambique - 4AM is not unusual, particularly as you go further north.^ Not only that, but honestly, do you think your going to see a shingled roof in Mozambique?
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

Chapas take the form of both mini & midi buses but often pick up trucks and cargo trucks will offer a ride for the same fare as a chapa. .Government and privately owned buses ply the same routes as Chapas but typically stop a great deal more often so are inadvisable for anything other than short journeys.^ More than 1,200 state-owned enterprises (mostly small) have been privatized.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The chapas themselves, particularly on shorter routes, are generally in shockingly poor condition. Expect seats, doors and interiors falling apart. .Having said that since 2007/2008 the Mozambican government has been regulating prices on key routes which means chapa travel in Mozambique is extremely good value.^ U.S.-MOZAMBICAN RELATIONS Relations between the United States and Mozambique are good and steadily improving.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the same period, Mozambique exported $9 million worth of goods to the U.S. ($17 million in 2007), and $26 million year to date for 2009.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ E. Michael Martin July 28th, 2008 at 2:51 pm Yes, the artists are good, but this is not in Mozambique.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

.In larger cities this translates to signs with destinations and prices in chapa stations (EG - Junta in Maputo), these prices will not come down no matter how hard you negotiate but many an enterprising chapa conductor/navigator/bouncer will try to extort you if you are silly enough to ask what a price is.^ You can’t just take what a website shoves down your throat no questions asked, do some research.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

^ Many of these children wander Maputo and other cities and stay alive by stealing or selling small items on the street.
  • Culture of Mozambique - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, tribe, population, religion, rituals 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If in doubt ask at your hotel, a local or as a last resort simply hand them a large note; often they will asume you know the correct fare and give you the correct change.^ The LDH noted that many prisons held up to three times the number of prisoners for which they were built, and that often prisoners slept in bathrooms, standing up, or in shifts.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You can’t just take what a website shoves down your throat no questions asked, do some research.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

^ I just saw your story on 60 min and commend you on giving back to others.
  • Greg Carr's Big Gamble | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

Taxis

Once only found in Maputo taxis can now be found in many cities throughout the country. .They never have meters so you must negotiate regarding cost before your journey.^ Before cancelling a scheduled trip, you should discuss the matter with your travel agent, your travel insurer, or the airline.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Billy Rubin July 28th, 2008 at 4:57 pm Apparently, you’ve never visited Walt Disney World before.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

Taxis are often in as perilous condition as chapas (from balding tires to someone sitting in the passenger seat holding a plastic gas can with the cars fuel line going in to it) and breakdowns should be considered likely. Never pay for your journey until you reach your destination.
.In Maputo there is a flat rate of 200Mts for any journey in the city center.^ There are certain areas in the city of Maputo where pedestrian traffic is not tolerated, most notably in front of the presidential palaces.
  • Mozambique Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ There were reports of tension between newly arrived Chinese guest workers, often employed in construction, and citizens in Maputo city and Beira, Sofala Province.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Longer journeys (EG to Junta) cost 400Mts and up. .In the early morning they will often attempt to gouge you, doubling the price to 400Mts, as there are often very few taxi's about at this time.^ The LDH noted that many prisons held up to three times the number of prisoners for which they were built, and that often prisoners slept in bathrooms, standing up, or in shifts.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Chapas can also be rented as taxis but are typically more expensive and far less comfortable.

Air

Domestic flights are the fastest and most sane way to get around the country if you can afford it. Linhas Aereas de Moçambique [11] flies between the major cities. A detailed timetable for domestic flights is available as a pdf file at [12]. The flights themselves are actually on extremely modern, clean and well maintained planes and are a stark contrast to the other transport options in the country.
LAM operate an old style booking system where you can reserve a flight over the telephone and then pay for it on check in. If you do use this facility ensure that you confirm your flight 72 hours before departure or your reservation will likely be canceled.
Alternatively all LAM offices in towns and airports can book and receive payment for flights throughout the country. It is not advisable to pay using credit card due to the level of corruption present in all state enterprises including LAM.

Rail

.Trains aren't really very useful, considering there's only one and it's in the far north of the country traveling from Nampula to Cuamba near the Malawian border.^ In September 2004, Malawi's Escom announced that it could connect Zambia's Chama district, only 3 miles from the Malawian border, to its grid.
  • Southern African Development Community Country Analysis Brief 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.eia.doe.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.See get in above for more details.^ For a more detailed discussion, see the 2007 International Religious Freedom Report .
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mine clearance from the old coastal railway running the length of the country has been finished in many areas but with the costs involved and the level of corruption in the country it will be decades before any rail service with reasonable coverage arrives in the country.^ For the second year running, the country dropped in Transparency International's 2009 Corruption Perception Index (from 126 to 130), indicating that corruption remained rampant.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Talk

.The official language of Mozambique is Portuguese, though many people speak English in the capital Maputo and in touristy areas.^ Languages: Portuguese (official), various indigenous languages.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique: How many languages are spoken in the c...

^ Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, numerous other indigenous languages, Portuguese (official; spoken by 27% of population as a second language) .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The further north you travel the less likely you are to encounter English speakers, and as you enter more rural areas even Portuguese is limited.
.Swahili is useful in the far north of the country as you get close to Tanzania, especially along the coast.^ The first projects are three on Africa - documents from the Southern Africa liberation movements, African Plants and their uses, and the historic Kilwa island off the Tanzania coast.
  • Mozambique Mocambique on the Internet 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www-sul.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

Some native words from the Shona language can be useful if you are traveling near Cabora Bassa.
A new Metical 200 note
A new Metical 200 note
The currency of Mozambique is the new Metical (Meticais Nova Família, MZN), plural meticais (Mts, pronounced 'meta-caysh'), divided into 100 centavos. .As of November 2008, one euro is worth about 30 meticais.^ Doc July 28th, 2008 at 3:30 pm Is that the same Mozambique as the one in Disney’s Animal Kingdom?
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

^ Thus a coin formerly worth 1,000 meticais was from then on worth only one metical.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Three zeroes were dropped from the currency in 2006. Old currency can be exchanged at banks up to the end of December 2012. People will occasionally still refer to the old currency, so if someone asks for "1 million", they generally mean one thousand new meticais.^ (Note: In July 2006 the government revised its currency, dropping three zeros.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The seats are shaped like logs, and at the end they startle people out of their seats.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

^ Although the Bank of Mozambique reported relatively stable rates of 6.1% for 2009 and 6.3% for 2010, the IMF’s projections of a 4.5% average growth rate for 2009 and 5.5% for 2010 were generally accepted at year’s end.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Note that many businesses in the tourist centers are run by South Africans and prices are often quoted in Rand (for which the usual abbreviation is ZAR).^ The LDH noted that many prisons held up to three times the number of prisoners for which they were built, and that often prisoners slept in bathrooms, standing up, or in shifts.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some Personal Notes About South African PHs .

In this guide we've also quoted in Rand when applicable.
US$, ZAR, British pounds and Euros are freely convertible at commercial rates at any bank or exchange. Other currencies such as Canadian or Australian dollars or Japanese Yen, are not accepted anywhere, even at official banks and exchanges.
There is very little black market currency exchange, since the commercial exchanges offer the best market rate. You cannot exchange meticais outside Mozambique, but you can convert them back at exchanges prior to leaving the country. Also you cannot buy meticais outside Moçambique.
ATMs are present throughout the country; Standard, Millennium, ProCredit and Barclays are the brands you are most likely to run in to. Standard accepts Visa & Mastercard, Millennium accept all international cards including Maestro/Cirrus cards while Barclays doesn't seem to accept any cards with great regularity. .ATMs will only dispense 3,000Mts at one time (although you can insert your card again to withdraw more).^ Not only that, but honestly, do you think your going to see a shingled roof in Mozambique?
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

Everything in Mozambique that does not have a price attached can be bargained down to whatever you consider a reasonable price to be. Remember that while laughing when they give you an insane price is perfectly OK you should not get outwardly angry or hostile, you will be unlikely to get a reasonable price if you do. If in doubt about what a fair price is ask your hotel.
No one in Mozambique, including often backpacker lodges, have change. The 1000Mzn and 500Mzn are almost impossible to use day to day so change them down in to more manageable notes in any bank. The one exception to this rule is chapa drivers, if you find yourself running low on small bills pay for your 15Mzn fare with a 100Mzn note.

Eat

.As a country the Portuguese occupation has a profound impact on local foods that has produced some of the most unique and interesting cuisine within Southern Africa.^ H-Luso-Africa "a [moderated] discussion list [in English and Portuguese] for people interested in the Portuguese-speaking African countries (Mozambique, Angola, Guinea Bissau, Cape Verde, and Sao Tome)."
  • Mozambique Mocambique on the Internet 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www-sul.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Includes the entire continent plus Southern Africa, South Africa, Portuguese Africa.
  • Mozambique Mocambique on the Internet 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www-sul.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ After some delays, in 1998 the country held its first local elections to provide for local representation and some budgetary authority at the municipal level.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Towards the coast a great deal of seafood is used within even the most basic of dishes, however, in land the maize based partridges common throughout Africa becomes staple but with some Portuguese flair.
  • Piri-Piri, also known as the African bird's-eye chili this extremely strong chili is common is sauce form throughout the country.
  • Pãozinho , also known as Portuguese rolls or Prego(beef) no pãu and bifana (pork) . A floury and often semi-sweet bread roll, typically served with meat in the center.
  • Matapa, a seafood (clam, crab or prawn)stew made with Casave leaves and generally served over rice. .This is one of the Mozambique staples.
  • Camarão National, are Mozambican prawns marinaded in a Piri-Piri, garlic, onion, lemon and vinegar.
  • Cray fish and other seafood.^ There was one reported killing as a result of torture and other reports of abuse by members of the Community Policing Councils (CPC), nonstatutory bodies set up by the Mozambican National Police (PRM) in many districts to prevent crime.
    • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Mozambique is a member of the Non-Aligned Movement and ranks among the moderate members of the African Bloc in the United Nations and other international organizations.
    • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Political parties: Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO); Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO); Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM); numerous small parties.
    • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    These are caught off the beach throughout the country and will generally be prepared with a piri-piri marinade, served with rice and matapa.
  • Kakana This is a bitter tasting local vegetable.

Drink

.All tap water in Mozambique should be assumed to be unsafe to drink, even if it not harmful it usually has some sediment that your stomach will not be used to.^ "With his internationally-recognized band, Massukos , Santos uses music to promote the importance of water and sanitation in Mozambique .
  • Mozambique Mocambique on the Internet 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www-sul.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ August 1st, 2008 at 4:38 am that’s the tree of life in animal kingdom in florida, that’s NOT mozambique and you should probably state the source of your photos… .
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

Most western orientated lodgings either provide a fresh water source or sell bottled water.

Beer

.In Mozambique Cervejas de Mocambique who are owned by SABMiller [13] have a virtual monopoly on beer brewing.^ Republic of Mozambique conventional short form: Mozambique local long form: Republica de Mocambique local short form: Mocambique former: Portuguese East Africa .

^ A virtual exhibition in cooperation with Nucleo de Arte, an artists' collective in Maputo, Mozambique.
  • Mozambique Mocambique on the Internet 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www-sul.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Facilitators: Safaris De Mocambique/Safaris Mozambique; N/A; Mike Coolson .

The three most popular brands are 2M (remember to pronounce it doysh-em or you will end up with an extra beer), Laurentina Clara and Manica. Other local African beers such as Castle and Windhoek are reasonably widely available but are not as popular as in neighboring countries due to the high quality of the local brews.

Liquors

Locally produced spirits such as vodka and gin are relatively common throughout the country and are relatively inexpensive. The local drink is Cashu made of the peel from the cashew nut. According to the locals it's very good for a mens libido. It has a soure taste.

Sleep

Accommodation ranges from inexpensive guesthouses and backpacker orientated accommodation through to some of the most expensive resort accommodation in the region.

Hotels

.Hotels in Mozambique are generally ungraded and, particularly in the less traveled parts of the country, have not been updated since independence.^ The estimated 4 million Makua are the dominant group in the northern part of the country - the Sena and Ndau are prominent in the Zambezi valley, and the Shangaan (Tsonga) dominate in southern Mozambique.

^ The Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) has been the ruling political party since independence in 1975, heavily influencing both policymaking and implementation.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the years immediately following its independence, Mozambique benefited from considerable assistance from some western countries, notably the Scandinavians.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In some cases you can pay up to $50USD a night for a hotel room that should be in the $5 - $10 range based on facilities.^ Maybe you should do some reading on a subject before you go posting a blog about it.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

^ Registration will make your presence and whereabouts known in case it is necessary to contact you in an emergency and will enable you to receive up-to-date information on security conditions.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On the other end of the scale Mozambique hosts some of the most incredible, and expensive, hotels and resorts in the world.^ At the end of the civil war in 1992, Mozambique ranked among the poorest countries in the world.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I knew right off the bat that it’s not some ‘unique tree in Mozambique’ it’s the Tree of Life in freaking Disney World.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

Backpacker Lodges

Maputo, Tofo Beach, Vilanculos and Pemba have several backpacker lodges each and are geared up for the budget traveler. There are some backpacker options elsewhere in the country but often the only option for a budget traveler will be transient labor guesthouses or cheap hotels.

Self Catering

Where they are available facilities are often extremely lacking. If you do bring your own gas based cooking equipment keep in mind the typical backpacker lindal valve gas canisters are not available anywhere in the country.

Camping and caravaning

.Dedicated camp sites with security are available in almost all coastal towns and you can often camp in rural areas with a village chief's blessing (If you do decide to use this option a small offering such as food, liquor or cigarettes can be very useful).^ The law requires that all members of the government declare and deposit their assets with the Constitutional Council, but does not require that such information be made available to the general public.
  • Mozambique (12/09) 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the law specifically provides for public defenders for the accused, such assistance generally was not available in practice, particularly in rural areas.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

If taking a caravan keep in mind that a great deal of roads in Mozambique degenerate in to sandy paths tat require 4WD, it is advisable to only stick to popular areas along the EN1.

Purchasing land or property

If someone offers to "sell" you land in Mozambique walk away immediately it is a scam. .Private ownership of land in Mozambique is impossible, all land is owned by the government and will only be provided for foreign use, under a 99 year lease, under very specific circumstances.^ The government maintained majority ownership in Noticias , the main newspaper and the only daily with nationwide distribution.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While the law provides for freedom of movement within the country, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, the government sometimes infringed upon these rights in practice.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While TVM provided more balanced news coverage than in previous years, it retained a strong government and FRELIMO bias.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, [14] is the oldest and largest university in the country.
  • You may be able to find work teaching at a school such as The American International School of Mozambique [15].

Stay safe

.Risks are much the same as many other countries in Africa (and significantly less than some, including parts of South Africa).^ Customary law was still practiced in many parts of the country.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ UNICEF released a report in January that revealed more than 1,000 cases of women and children trafficked from Mozambique to South Africa between 2002 and 2006.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Newsprint and other printing supplies must be imported from South Africa, and the government did not exempt these supplies from import duties.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Nevertheless muggings, robberies, rape and murder do occur, so the normal precautions should be taken. Women absolutely should never walk alone on beaches, in recent years, attacks on women have grown in tourist areas. In particular it's worth checking with local hostels and other travelers as to where dangerous areas are.
But in general the Mozambican people are extremely warm and friendly and you will encounter far less hassle than in almost all of the countries surrounding it.

Police

.In Mozambique the police do not exist to help you, only to try and extort money of you.^ Not only that, but honestly, do you think your going to see a shingled roof in Mozambique?
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

Do not trust them under any circumstances.
.Unlike other African countries insisting to be taken to a police station is unlikely to improve your situation, with the exception of in Maputo, the police have been known to rob tourists blind and throw them in a cell.^ Police gave chase, beat Mandlate, and threw him in a cell with other inmates for several hours before he was rescued by colleagues and taken to the hospital for treatment of head injuries.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No action was taken against police involved in the following 2006 torture cases: the May torture of Alexandre Emilio and several others by police from Maputo's 12 th Squadron; and the May beating of Generosa Anselmo Cossa, a delegate of RENAMO. .
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Instead mention contacting your embassy or the anti-corruption hot line to verify a fine and always ask for a receipt.
If you have cause to go to a police station (EG - Filing a police report for insurance purposes after a theft) do not take any valuables or excessive currency with you and try to always go with someone else.

Speed limits

In Mozambique the speed limit in town is 50km/h and 120km/h elsewhere. There are mobile speed traps on the EN1 which specifically target foreign visitors.

Bribery

.When dealing with the Mozambican police never suggest a bribe, simply listen to whatever lecture they care to give and ask "What can we do about this?". Often they will simply let you go, if they do ask for a bribe the amount is entirely negotiable and can range from a bottle of coke (carrying no identification) through to several hundred USD (minor drug infractions).^ Maybe you should do some reading on a subject before you go posting a blog about it.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

^ You can’t just take what a website shoves down your throat no questions asked, do some research.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

^ However, the Attorney General's Office concluded that the shots fired by police were at close range, suggesting summary executions.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Identification

.By law you must carry a form of identification with you at all times and present it to the police on request.^ The law specifies that strikers must notify police, the government, union, and employers 48 hours in advance of intended strikes.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As a result you should always carry a notarized copy of your passport photo page, visa and entry stamp with you at all times.^ August 1st, 2008 at 4:38 am that’s the tree of life in animal kingdom in florida, that’s NOT mozambique and you should probably state the source of your photos… .
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

^ Either way, you should correct this page.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

Ask your hotel where to locate a notary or contact your local embassy as soon as you enter the country.
.If you are asked for identification by the police and you do not have a notarized copy under no circumstances give them your passport, if you do then it will likely cost you a great deal of money to get it back, often simply talking to them a while will get them to go away.^ You can’t just take what a website shoves down your throat no questions asked, do some research.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

^ You were very clever to leave out anything that would give away the fact that your “Mozambique” is actually Lake Buena Vista, Florida, and that the tree is surrounded by rides, gift shops, and tourists to Disney World.
  • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

^ Police sometimes stopped foreigners and ordered them to present original passports or resident papers, refused to accept notarized copies, and fined or detained those who failed to show proper documents.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Land mines

.While most of the country has been cleared there is still an on-going risk in rural areas away from the EN1 in Sofala, Tete, Manica, Gaza, Inhambane and Maputo provinces.^ The workers had been recruited in Tete and Manica provinces, promised good working conditions, and provided transportation to Maputo.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were reports of tension between newly arrived Chinese guest workers, often employed in construction, and citizens in Maputo city and Beira, Sofala Province.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The police also conducted general training on trafficking and detecting at-risk children in the central provinces of Sofala, Manica, and Zambezia and the northern province of Nampula.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It should be noted that only 2 or 3 incidents a year occur with landmines and they are all well outside the tourist trail.
  • Malarial prophylaxis is essential in all parts of Mozambique. .Chloroquine/Paludrine are now as ineffective as in other parts of east Africa, and it's worth going to see your doctor to get decent protection.^ Not only that, but honestly, do you think your going to see a shingled roof in Mozambique?
    • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

    .If you are in country and suspect you have Malaria there are clinics in every town that will administer a test for approximately 50Mts, the treatment also costs 50Mts if you have malaria.
  • Get all your vaccine shots before arriving Medical facilities in Mozambique are now generally reasonably stocked, but it is always worth getting a range of vaccinations before you leave.^ August 1st, 2008 at 4:38 am that’s the tree of life in animal kingdom in florida, that’s NOT mozambique and you should probably state the source of your photos… .
    • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You were very clever to leave out anything that would give away the fact that your “Mozambique” is actually Lake Buena Vista, Florida, and that the tree is surrounded by rides, gift shops, and tourists to Disney World.
    • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In a series of prison visits conducted during the first half of the year, the LDH found malaria, scabies, and tuberculosis to be frequent among prisoners in nearly all of the country's prisons.
    • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Prevention is better than cure. .It is worth considering carrying some clean needles / sterile set if you are visiting out of the way areas, purely as remote medical facilities may have problems getting hold of them.
  • Mind what you eat. As common in most countries in the world, if you are concerned about the standards of hygiene in a place, don't eat there.
  • Do not have unprotected sex. As in many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, there is a very high HIV incidence, currently at 16% or 1 in 6.
  • Do not drink tap water or use any ice. South of the Zambezi river that divides the country, Mozambique is much more developed, especially around Maputo, tourist areas such as Inhambane and the industrial city of Beira.^ Josiah August 4th, 2008 at 10:39 am You idiot, this isn’t Mozambique; it’s Disney World’s Animal Kingdom.
    • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Customary law was still practiced in many parts of the country.
    • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "With his internationally-recognized band, Massukos , Santos uses music to promote the importance of water and sanitation in Mozambique .
    • Mozambique Mocambique on the Internet 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www-sul.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

    Here, especially in built-up areas, it is safe to drink the tap water, hence water in this area is marketed as "mineral water" and not "drinking water" and is sold at an inflated price as a semi-luxury item (sometimes for as much as 50 or 60 Meticais in backpackers lodges and restaurants). .The infrastructure in the north of the country is much less developed and, as such, caution must be exercised, especially in rural areas and the area near Palma and bordering Tanzania.^ It was founded 50 years ago by the Dutch universities to assist in the training and further education of professionals, especially from developing countries."
    • Mozambique Mocambique on the Internet 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www-sul.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

    The tap water is usually safe to drink in the main cities such as Nampula and Pemba, and on Mozambique Island. .If you are ever unsure about the quality of the tap water, water-purifying liquids (normally chlorine-based) are widely available and very cheap - normally much cheaper than buying bottled water, also consider bringing puri-tabs if you are planning on going well off the "beaten track".
  • Private clinics. There are a few private health clinics in Maputo that will also arrange repatriation in emergencies.^ Maybe you should do some reading on a subject before you go posting a blog about it.
    • Unique Tree In Mozambique | bored-bored.com 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC bored-bored.com [Source type: General]

    Clinica da Sommerschield (tel: 21 493924) Clinica Suedoise (tel: 21 492922).
  • Electric showers. In any accommodation, check the shower fitting. A rather dangerous type manufactured in Brazil is popular, which contains an unearthed 4kW electric heater. DO NOT touch the fitting when in use, they have been known to give severe electric shocks. Better still, switch the power off (there should be a nearby circuit breaker) and have a cold shower. Be similarly cautious with any other type of electrical shower heater.

Contact

Mobile phones

.Mcel [16] is the state-owned provider, and as of yet the government has only licensed one other company, the South-African owned Vodacom Mozambique [17].^ The law also requires that companies insure workers, but the Ministry of Labor estimates indicated that only between 50 and 60 percent of companies actually provided coverage.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Newsprint and other printing supplies must be imported from South Africa, and the government did not exempt these supplies from import duties.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In August the Maputo High Court sentenced Luis Camillo to 17 years' imprisonment for the 2004 rape of two South African women near Johannesburg.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Apparently a third is arriving shortly. GPRS (data and internet) are available on Mcel. The APN for Internet is isp.mcel.mz and for WAP it is wap.mcel.mz with an IP address 10.1.4.35. Check your phone manual for setting instructions. The service is not entirely reliable. .While it is ok to buy credit from the hundreds of vendors roaming the streets wearing MCel or Vodacom you should never buy sim cards / starter packs, in many cases they sell them at hugely inflated prices and often they will be from one of the many recalled batches that no longer work.^ The LDH noted that many prisons held up to three times the number of prisoners for which they were built, and that often prisoners slept in bathrooms, standing up, or in shifts.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once there, they were threatened with exposure of their illegal status and forced to work for little or no pay.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In December the attorney general announced that the GCCC would no longer have the power to investigate cases of forgery, swindling, murder, and theft, drastically reducing its scope.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Any mobile phone store can sell you a working starter back for around 50Mts.

Internet

Internet is widely available in Maputo, with many internet cafes and all major hotels having internet access. Both Mcel and Vodacom have recently introduced internet to cellphone service. .Outside Maputo internet coverage is sporadic, mostly available in places frequented by tourists, but local Telecommunication de Mozambique (TDM) offices almost always have internet although speed and availability can be problematic.^ Although the industrial sector frequently paid above minimum wage, there was little industry outside of the Maputo area.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Radio

There are many FM stations in Maputo, offering a variety of music and speech. Away from the capital, Radio Mozambique will be heard in many places and BBC World Service have their English/Portuguese service in the main cities. .There are numerous small community radio stations serving smaller towns/villages.^ There were numerous private radio stations that operated throughout the country.
  • Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Etymology

.Portuguese Moçambique, from the name of sultan Muça Alebique.^ Welcome to the Republic of Mozambique, or in Portuguese, “Moçambique or República de Moçambique,” named after the sultan, “Muça Alebique.” .
  • Mozambique - Africa 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC mozambiqueafrica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozambique (Moçambique) was named after Muça Alebique (Portuguese transliteration of Musa Alibiki), a sultan.

^ According to tradition, from Musa Mbiki, the name of a sultan at the time of first Portuguese colonization.
  • Mozambique Provinces 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.statoids.com [Source type: Reference]

Proper noun

Singular
Mozambique
Plural
-
Mozambique
.
  1. Country in Southern Africa.^ The… See more » Geography of Botswana Botswana is a country in the center of southern Africa.Botswana, or Republic of Botswana, a landlocked country of southern Africa.

    ^ Located in southern Africa, it borders six other countries and more than 2,500 km of Indian Ocean coastline.
    • USAID Africa: Mozambique 8 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.usaid.gov [Source type: News]

    ^ In July 2007 the Millennium Challenge Corporation [source] Mozambique (Moçambique) is a country on the Indian Ocean coast of Southern Africa.

    Official name: Republic of Mozambique (República de Moçambique).

Translations

See also


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 22, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Mozambique, which are similar to those in the above article.








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