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Mratinje Dam
Mratinje Dam
Impounds Piva River
Locale Montenegro
Height 220 m
Width (at base) 45 m
Construction began 1971
Opening date 1976
Reservoir information
Creates Piva Lake
Capacity 880 m3 (0.71 acre·ft)
Catchment area 1,757.7 km2 (678.7 sq mi)
Surface area 12 km2 (4.6 sq mi)
Geographical Data
Coordinates 43°16′20″N 18°50′30″E / 43.27222°N 18.84167°E / 43.27222; 18.84167Coordinates: 43°16′20″N 18°50′30″E / 43.27222°N 18.84167°E / 43.27222; 18.84167

The Mratinje Dam is a concrete arch-gravity dam in the canyon of the Piva River in Montenegro.

The dam was completed in 1975. Its construction resulted in the flooding of the Piva canyon and the creation of Lake Piva, which, with its 12.5 km², is the second largest lake in Montenegro.

The dam is 220 metres (720 ft) highː one of the highest in Europe. The dam is 268 metres (880 ft) long and 4.5 metres (15 ft) thick at the crest, while it is 30 metres (98 ft) long and 36 metres (120 ft) thick at the base. The foundations go as deep as 38 metres (120 ft) into the ground. 820,000 cubic metres (1,070,000 cu yd) of concrete and 5,000 tonnes of steel were built into the dam.

The hydroelectric power station at Mratinje is capable of producing 860 gigawatt-hours per annum.

The location of the 16th century Piva Monastery was flooded by the lake, so while the dam was built, the monastery was broken into pieces and moved to a higher ground, 3.5 km away. It was reconstructed in the original way.

References


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