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Muammar al-Gaddafi
معمر القذافـي


Incumbent
Assumed office 
1 September 1969
President Abdul Ati al-Obeidi
Muhammad az-Zaruq Rajab
Mifta al-Usta Umar
Abdul Razzaq as-Sawsa
Muhammad al-Zanati
Miftah Muhammed K'eba
Imbarek Shamekh
Mohamed Abdul Quasim al-Zwai
Prime Minister Jadallah Azzuz at-Talhi
Muhammad az-Zaruq Rajab
Jadallah Azzuz at-Talhi
Umar Mustafa al-Muntasir
Abuzed Omar Dorda
Abdul Majid al-Qa′ud
Muhammad Ahmad al-Mangoush
Imbarek Shamekh
Shukri Ghanem
Baghdadi Mahmudi
Preceded by King

In office
2 March 1977 – 2 March 1979
Prime Minister Abdul Ati al-Obeidi
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Abdul Ati al-Obeidi

In office
8 September 1969 – 1 March 1979
Prime Minister Mahmud Sulayman al-Maghribi
Abdessalam Jalloud
Abdul Ati al-Obeidi
Jadallah Azzuz at-Talhi
Preceded by Idris I (King of Libya)
Succeeded by Position abolished

In office
16 January 1970 – 16 July 1972
Preceded by Mahmud Sulayman al-Maghribi
Succeeded by Abdessalam Jalloud

In office
2 February 2009 – 31 January 2010
Preceded by Jakaya Kikwete
Succeeded by Bingu wa Mutharika

Born 7 June 1942 (1942-06-07) (age 67)
Surt, Libya
Religion Islam
Signature
Website Official website
Muammar Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi1 (Arabic: معمر القذافيAbout this sound audio Mu‘ammar al-Qaḏāfī; also known simply as Colonel Gaddafi; born 1942) has been the de facto leader of Libya since a coup in 1969.[1]
.From 1972, when Gaddafi relinquished the title of prime minister, he has been accorded the honorifics "Guide of the First of September Great Revolution of the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya" or "Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution" in government statements and the official press.^ Second, Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution (aka Muammar Gaddafi) designed a car.
  • Libyan Rocket: Colonel Muammar Gaddafi designs a "safe" car — Autoblog 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.autoblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Within the context of his overall achievements, leading the AU is likely to be a mere footnote in any historical evaluation of the Guide of the First of September Great Revolution of the Socialist Peoples Libyan Arab Jamahiriyas rule.
  • Iecah - Muammar�s Dictatorial Self-help Guide: How to survive as a despot in the 21st Century 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.iecah.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From 1972, when Gaddafi relinquished the title of prime minister, he has been accorded the honorifics "Guide of the First of September Great Revolution of the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya " or "Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution" in government statements and the official press.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2] .With the death of Omar Bongo of Gabon on 8 June 2009, he became the third longest serving of all current national leaders.^ With the death of Omar Bongo of Gabon on 8 June 2009, he became the third longest serving of all current national leaders.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Current national leaders .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After Nasser's death on September 28, 1970, Gaddafi attempted to take up the mantle of ideological leader of Arab nationalism.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He is also the longest-serving ruler of Libya since Ali Pasha Al Karamanli, who ruled between 1754 and 1795.[3]

Contents

Early life

.Gaddafi was the youngest born into a peasant family.^ Gaddafi was the youngest born into a peasant family.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi was the youngest child from a nomadic Bedouin peasant family in the desert region of Sirte.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi was born in Sirte, in the desert that makes up three-quarters of the immense empty land that is Libya, into an illiterate Bedouin family (hence the uncertainty over his birth date).
  • Muammar Gaddafi: Exporting revolution from an Arabian desert - Profiles, People - The Independent 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

.Officially his father was Mohammed Abdul Salam bin Hamed bin Mohammed Al-Gaddafi, known as Abu Meniar (died 1985).^ Officially, the father of the Supreme Guide of the Revolution was Abu Meniar Al Gaddafi, a Bedouin goat breeder in the region of Syrte.
  • Charles Bremner - Times Online - WBLG: Is Colonel Gaddafi a Frenchman? 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC timescorrespondents.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Biography Colonel Muammar Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi (born c.1942) has been the de facto leader of Libya since 1969.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mohammed Happy New Year January 1 at 8:52pm Kealan O'Neill Al-Gaddafi 1 - Everyone else 0 Keep those shipments coming baby, we love ya!
  • Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi | Facebook 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His mother is Aisha Bint Niran.^ His mother is Aisha Bin Niran.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Little is known about Gaddafi's childhood.^ Little is known about Gaddafi's childhood.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wife and kids: Little is known about Saif al-Islam's private life.
  • The negotiator | GlobalPost 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.globalpost.com [Source type: News]

.He has said that when he was five years old he had a brother who was killed by an Israeli soldier.^ He has said that when he was five years old he had a brother that was killed by an Israeli soldier.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When I was five, my brother was shot by an Israeli soldier, since then I have been dedicated to uniting the Arab countries throughout the Middle East and retain a trade flow with the west.
  • Muammar Gaddafi - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Muammar Gaddafi - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Libyan Rangelands Development project director John Allen said the tour was part of a $32 million, five year project between the Western Australian and Libyan Governments.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

.However, the claim has been disputed as the IDF was not created until May 26, 1948, when Gaddafi was six.^ However, the claim has been disputed as the IDF was not created until May 26, 1948, when Gaddafi was six.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Gaddafi admitted 1986 Berlin bombing - claim" AFP via the Cape Times (Africa), May 15, 2001 .

^ However, his claims were contradicted by Saif Gaddafi, the son of the Libyan leader, in a conversation with Megrahi as the pair flew home from Glasgow.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

.At a young age he was known to his friends as 'Al-Jamil' or 'the handsome'. He grew up in the desert region of Sirte.^ He grew up in the desert region of Sirte .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi was the youngest child from a nomadic Bedouin peasant family in the desert region of Sirte.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Born in 1942 to a Bedouin family in the Libyan desert region of Sirte, he graduated with honors from the University of Libya before pursuing a British military education.
  • 2-Min. Bio: Muammar Gaddafi - TIME 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.time.com [Source type: News]

.He was given a traditional religious primary education and attended the Sebha preparatory school in Fezzan from 1956 to 1961. Gaddafi and a small group of friends that he met in this school went on to form the core leadership of a militant revolutionary group that would eventually seize control of the country.^ He was given a traditional religious primary education and attended the Sebha preparatory school in Fezzan from 1956 to 1961.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi and a small group of friends that he met in this school went on to form the core leadership of a militant revolutionary group that would eventually seize control of the country.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Primary & Secondary school education enrolment has doubled, HIV levels have dropped because of an impressive anti-Aids campaign spear-headed by the president.
  • NEWEST Top 20 African Rich List « Opinion « ZimEye | Close range Zimbabwe and African News | 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.zimeye.org [Source type: News]

.Gaddafi's inspiration was Gamal Abdel Nasser, president of neighboring Egypt, who rose to the presidency by appealing to Arab unity.^ Gaddafi's inspiration was Gamal Abdel Nasser, president of neighboring Egypt, who rose to the presidency by appealing to Arab unity.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi's inspiration was Gamal Abdel Nasser , president of neighboring Egypt , who rose to the presidency by appealing to Arab unity.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi is the last of that generation, and while others who cloaked themselves in the rhetoric of Nasser have fallen, failed or died, it is the young man once praised by the Egyptian president who now appears to be becoming the kind of Arab leader with whom we can, and with whom we wish, to do business.
  • New Statesman - The NS Profile: Muammar al-Gaddafi 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.newstatesman.com [Source type: News]

.In 1961, Gaddafi was expelled from Sebha for his political activism.^ In 1961, Gaddafi was expelled from Sebha for his political activism.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.Gaddafi entered the military academy in Benghazi in 1963, where he and a few of his fellow militants organized a secretive group dedicated to overthrowing the pro-Western Libyan monarchy.^ Gaddafi entered the military academy in Benghazi in 1963, where he and a few of his fellow militants organized a secretive group dedicated to overthrowing the pro- Western Libyan monarchy.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He then entered the Military Academy in Benghazi in 1963, where he and a few of his fellow militants organized a secretive group dedicated to overthrowing the pro-Western Libyan monarchy.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 1980s US president Ronald Reagan called Col Gaddafi a "mad dog" for supporting anti-Western militant groups in the Arab world.
  • Colonel Muammar Gaddafi pledges free-market reforms in Libya - Telegraph 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

.After graduating in 1965, he was sent to Britain for further training at the British Army Staff College, now the Joint Services Command and Staff College, returning in 1966 as a commissioned officer in the Signal Corps.^ After graduating in 1965, he was sent to Britain for further training at Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, returning in 1966 as a commissioned officer in the Signal Corps.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After graduating in 1965, he was sent to Britain for further training at the British Army Staff College , now the Joint Services Command and Staff College , returning in 1966 as a commissioned officer in the Signal Corps .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Military career: Libyan Military Academy, Benghazi (1963-65) signals training with the British army, 1966.
  • Muammar Gaddafi: Exporting revolution from an Arabian desert - Profiles, People - The Independent 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

[citation needed]

Military coup d'état

.On 1 September 1969, a small group of military officers led by Gaddafi staged a bloodless coup d'état against King Idris I, while he was in Kamena Vourla, a Greek resort, for medical treatment.^ Military coup d'état .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On September 1, 1969, a small group of military officers led by Gaddafi staged a coup d'tat against King Idris I, while he was in Turkey for medical treatment.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 1 September 1969, a small group of military officers led by Gaddafi staged a bloodless coup d'état against King Idris I , while he was in Kamena Vourla , a Greek resort, for medical treatment.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His nephew the Crown Prince Sayyid Hasan ar-Rida al-Mahdi as-Sanussi had been formally deposed by the revolutionary army officers and put under house arrest; they abolished the monarchy and proclaimed the new Libyan Arab Republic.^ His nephew the Crown Prince Sayyid Hasan ar-Rida al-Mahdi as-Sanussi had been formally deposed by the revolutionary army officers and put under house arrest; they abolished the monarchy and proclaimed the new Libyan Arab Republic.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His nephew the Crown Prince Sayyid Hasan ar-Rida al-Mahdi as-Sanussi became King.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Libyan Arab Republic (1969-1977) .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .The slim 27-year-old Gaddafi, with a taste for safari suits and sunglasses, then sought to become the new "Che Guevara of the age".[5] To accomplish this Gaddafi turned Libya into a haven for anti-Western radicals, where any group, supposedly, could receive weapons and financial assistance, provided they claimed to be fighting imperialism.^ To accomplish this Gaddafi turned Libya into a haven for anti-Western radicals, where any group, supposedly, could receive weapons and financial assistance, provided they claimed to be fighting imperialism .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The slim 27-year-old Gaddafi, with a taste for safari suits and sunglasses, then sought to become the new " Che Guevara of the age".
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was confusion at first as to why Gaddafi had failed to turn up to what should have been his last official engagement in his visit to the country that was once Libya's colonial ruler.
  • Gaddafi no-show leaves Italian MPs irate 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC news.smh.com.au [Source type: News]

[5] The Italian population in Libya almost disappeared after Gaddafi ordered the expulsion of Italians in 1970.[6]
.A Revolutionary Command Council was formed to rule the country, with Gaddafi as chairman.^ Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council of Libya 1969 – 1979 .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Revolutionary Command Council was formed to rule the country, with Gaddafi as chairman.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While at odds with western military ranking for a colonel to rule a country and serve as Commander-in-Chief of its military, in Gaddafi's own words Libya's utopian society is "ruled by the people", so he needs no more grandiose title or supreme military rank.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He added the title of prime minister in 1970, but gave up this title in 1972. Unlike some other military revolutionaries, Gaddafi did not promote himself to the rank of general upon seizing power, but rather accepted a ceremonial promotion from captain to colonel and has remained at this rank since then.^ Unlike some other military revolutionaries, Gaddafi did not promote himself to the rank of general upon seizing power, but rather accepted a ceremonial promotion from captain to colonel and has remained at this rank since then.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Prime Minister of Libya 1970 – 1972 .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Prime Minister of Egypt will eat it up.

.While at odds with Western military ranking for a colonel to rule a country and serve as Commander-in-Chief of its military, in Gaddafi's own words Libya's society is "ruled by the people", so he needs no more grandiose title or supreme military rank.^ While at odds with western military ranking for a colonel to rule a country and serve as Commander-in-Chief of its military, in Gaddafi's own words Libya's utopian society is "ruled by the people", so he needs no more grandiose title or supreme military rank.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While at odds with Western military ranking for a colonel to rule a country and serve as Commander-in-Chief of its military, in Gaddafi's own words Libya's society is "ruled by the people", so he needs no more grandiose title or supreme military rank.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Revolutionary Command Council was formed to rule the country, with Gaddafi as chairman.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]

Islamic Socialism and pan-Arabism

.Gaddafi based his new regime on a blend of Arab nationalism,[7][8] aspects of the welfare state,[9][10][11] and what Gaddafi termed "popular democracy",[12] or more commonly "direct, popular democracy". He called this system "Islamic socialism", and, while he permitted private control over small companies, the government controlled the larger ones.^ He called this system " Islamic socialism ", and, while he permitted private control over small companies, the government controlled the larger ones.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He called this system "Islamic socialism" and while he permitted private control over small companies, the government controlled the larger ones.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A government controlled by one person or a small group of people.
  • Dictatorship Information & Dictatorship Links at HealthHaven.com 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: Original source]

.Welfare, "liberation" (or “emancipation” depending on the translation),[13] and education[14] were emphasized.^ Welfare, "liberation" and education were emphasized.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Welfare, "liberation", and education were emphasized.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He also imposed a system of Islamic morals,[15][16] outlawing alcohol and gambling.^ He also imposed a system of Islamic morals, outlawing alcohol and gambling.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Like previous revolutionary figures of the 20th century such as Mao and his Little Red Book, Gaddafi outlined his political philosophy in his Green Book to reinforce the ideals of this socialist-Islamic state and published in three volumes between 1975 and 1979.[citation needed]
.In 1977, Gaddafi proclaimed that Libya was changing its form of government from a republic to a "jamahiriya" - a neologism that means "mass-state" or "government by the masses". In theory, Libya became a direct democracy governed by the people[17] through local popular councils and communes.^ In theory, Libya became a direct democracy governed by the people through local popular councils and communes.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1977, Gaddafi invented a system of government unique to Libya called the "Jamahiriya," or state of the masses, in which the nation is supposedly governed by the populace through local councils.
  • 2-Min. Bio: Muammar Gaddafi - TIME 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.time.com [Source type: News]

^ The word Jamahiriya is a neologism introduced by Gaddafi that means "government of the masses" in literal translation from Arabic.
  • Muammar Gaddafi: Evolution of a Revolutionary | Top Russian news and analysis online | 'RIA Novosti' newswire 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC en.rian.ru [Source type: News]

[18] .At the top of this structure was the General People's Congress,[19] with Gaddafi as secretary-general.^ At the top of this structure was the General People's Congress , with Gaddafi as secretary-general.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ General Secretary of the General People's Congress of Libya 1977 – 1979 .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 4 March 2008 Gaddafi announced his intention to dissolve the country's existing administrative structure and disburse oil revenue directly to the people.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, after only two years, Gaddafi gave up all of his governmental posts in keeping with the new egalitarian philosophy.^ However, after only two years, Gaddafi gave up all of his governmental posts in keeping with the new egalitarian philosophy.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But for all Gaddafi's rashness during this decade (he also launched abortive invasions of Chad in 1972 and 1980), initially at least the west gave the young colonel's new regime the green light.
  • New Statesman - The NS Profile: Muammar al-Gaddafi 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.newstatesman.com [Source type: News]

^ Geneva police briefly detained Hannibal Gaddafi and his wife in a luxury hotel for allegedly beating up two of their servants.
  • World News Australia - Gaddafi designs a car 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.sbs.com.au [Source type: News]

[citation needed]
.In practice, Libya's political system is less idealistic.^ In practice, Libya's political system is less idealistic.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In practice, however, Libya's political system is thought to be somewhat less idealistic and from time to time Gaddafi has responded to domestic and external opposition with violence.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Libya has no political parties, because according to Gaddafi's theory, the "party system is an abortion of democracy."
  • Muammar Gaddafi: Evolution of a Revolutionary | Top Russian news and analysis online | 'RIA Novosti' newswire 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC en.rian.ru [Source type: News]

.Real power is vested in a "revolutionary sector" composed of Gaddafi and a small group of trusted advisers.^ Real power is vested in a "revolutionary sector" composed of Gaddafi and a small group of trusted advisers.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As Gaddafi approaches the 33rd anniversary of the revolution that brought him to power in Libya, he remains the youngest and the longest ruling revolutionary from the Nasserite Sixties.
  • Muammar Gaddafi: Exporting revolution from an Arabian desert - Profiles, People - The Independent 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Gaddafi is the last of a waning generation of Arab nationalist revolutionaries who came to power as the result of military coups in the 1950s and 1960s.
  • Muammar Gaddafi: Evolution of a Revolutionary | Top Russian news and analysis online | 'RIA Novosti' newswire 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC en.rian.ru [Source type: News]

.While he holds no formal office, it is believed by many that Gaddafi holds near-absolute control over the government.^ While he holds no formal office, it is generally understood that Gaddafi holds near-absolute control over the government.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although Gaddafi holds no public office or title, he is accorded the honorifics "Guide of the First of September Great Revolution of the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya" or "Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution" in government statements and the official press.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We believe that Black People should not be forced to fight in the military service to defend a racist government that holds us captive and does not protect us.
  • Will Obama Deny Knowing the New Black Panthers? : NO QUARTER 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.noquarterusa.net [Source type: General]

[citation needed]
.From time to time, Gaddafi has responded to domestic and external opposition with violence.^ From time to time, Gaddafi has responded to domestic and external opposition with violence.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In practice, however, Libya's political system is thought to be somewhat less idealistic and from time to time Gaddafi has responded to domestic and external opposition with violence.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His revolutionary committees called for the assassination of Libyan dissidents living abroad in April 1980, with Libyan hit squads sent abroad to murder them.^ His revolutionary committees called for the assassination of Libyan dissidents living abroad in February 1980, with Libyan hit squads sent abroad to murder them.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His revolutionary committees called for the assassination of Libyan dissidents living abroad in April 1980, with Libyan hit squads sent abroad to murder them.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 26 April 1980, Gaddafi set a deadline of 11 June 1980 for dissidents to return home or be "in the hands of the revolutionary committees".
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On 26 April 1980, Gaddafi set a deadline of 11 June 1980 for dissidents to return home or be "in the hands of the revolutionary committees".[20] Nine Libyans were murdered during that time, five of them in Italy.^ On 26 April 1980, Gaddafi set a deadline of 11 June 1980 for dissidents to return home or be "in the hands of the revolutionary committees".
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nine Libyans were murdered during that time, five of them in Italy .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His revolutionary committees called for the assassination of Libyan dissidents living abroad in April 1980, with Libyan hit squads sent abroad to murder them.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]

External relations

.
Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito (in blue) and Gaddafi (in brown) c.
^ Main article: Foreign relations of Libya Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito (in blue) and Gaddafi (in brown) c.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi holds an honorary degree from Megatrend University in Belgrade conferred on him by former Yugoslav President Zoran Lilić .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

1975
With former Russian President and current Prime Minister Vladimir Putin
.
Gaddafi with Serbian President Boris Tadić c.
^ With former Russian President Vladimir Putin Gaddafi with Serbian President Boris Tadić c.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

2004
.With respect to Libya's neighbors, Gaddafi followed Gamal Abdel Nasser's ideas of pan-Arabism and became a fervent advocate of the unity of all Arab states into one Arab nation.^ With respect to Libya's neighbors, Gaddafi followed Abdul Nasser's ideas of pan-Arabism and became a fervent advocate of the unity of all Arab states into one Arab nation.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi's inspiration was Gamal Abdel Nasser , president of neighboring Egypt , who rose to the presidency by appealing to Arab unity.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With respect to Libya's neighbors, Gaddafi followed Gamal Abdel Nasser 's ideas of pan-Arabism and became a fervent advocate of the unity of all Arab states into one Arab nation.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He also supported pan-Islamism, the notion of a loose union of all Islamic countries and peoples.^ He also supported pan-Islamism , the notion of a loose union of all Islamic countries and peoples.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He also supported pan-Islamism, the notion of a loose union of all Islamic countries and peoples.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its simmering border dispute with Ethiopia and its role in supporting the Islamic Courts Union in Somalia are Eritrea’s most conspicuous activities in the region.

.After Nasser's death on 28 September 1970, Gaddafi attempted to take up the mantle of ideological leader of Arab nationalism.^ After Nasser's death on 28 September 1970, Gaddafi attempted to take up the mantle of ideological leader of Arab nationalism.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi defends Somali pirates , Daily Nation, February 5, 2009 I am an international leader, the dean of the Arab rulers, the king of kings of Africa and the imam (leader) of Muslims, and my international status does not allow me to descend to a lower level.
  • Muammar Gaddafi - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Muammar Gaddafi - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi justified this on the grounds that "the alignment of the Jews with Israel, the Arab nations' enemy, has forfeited their right to compensation."
  • The ethnic cleansing of Arabic Jews | Op-Ed Contributors | Jerusalem Post 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.jpost.com [Source type: News]

.He proclaimed the "Federation of Arab Republics" (Libya, Egypt, and Syria) in 1972, hoping to create a pan-Arab state, but the three countries disagreed on the specific terms of the merger.^ He proclaimed the "Federation of Arab Republics" (Libya, Egypt and Syria) in 1972, hoping to create a pan-Arab state, but the three countries disagreed on the specific terms of the merger.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He proclaimed the "Federation of Arab Republics" (Libya, Egypt, and Syria ) in 1972, hoping to create a pan-Arab state, but the three countries disagreed on the specific terms of the merger.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With respect to Libya's neighbors, Gaddafi followed Abdul Nasser's ideas of pan-Arabism and became a fervent advocate of the unity of all Arab states into one Arab nation.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1974, he signed an agreement with Tunisia's Habib Bourguiba on a merger between the two countries, but this also failed to work in practice and ultimately differences between the two countries would deteriorate into strong animosity.^ In 1974, he signed an agreement with Tunisia 's Habib Bourguiba on a merger between the two countries, but this also failed to work in practice and ultimately differences between the two countries would deteriorate into strong animosity.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1974, he signed an agreement with Tunisia's Habib Bourguiba on a merger between the two countries, but this also failed to work in practice and ultimately differences between the two countries would deteriorate into strong animosity.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two states would come into conflict, because the land of each, they believe, forms part of the land of the other, and each statelet would feel threatened by the other party.
  • Welcome to the official site of Muammar Al Gathafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.algathafi.org [Source type: Original source]

Libya was also involved in a sometimes violent territorial dispute with neighbouring Chad over the Aouzou Strip, which Libya occupied in 1973. This dispute eventually led to the Libyan invasion of the country and to a conflict that was ended by a ceasefire reached in 1987. The dispute was in the end settled peacefully in June 1994 when Libya withdrew troops from Chad due to a judgement of the International Court of Justice issued on 13 February 1994.[21]
.Gaddafi also became a strong supporter of the Palestine Liberation Organization, which support ultimately harmed Libya's relations with Egypt, when in 1979 Egypt pursued a peace agreement with Israel.^ Gaddafi also became a strong supporter of the Palestine Liberation Organization , which support ultimately harmed Libya's relations with Egypt, when in 1979 Egypt pursued a peace agreement with Israel .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi also became a strong supporter of the Palestine Liberation Organization, which ultimately harmed Libya's relations with Egypt when in 1979 Egypt pursued a peace agreement with Israel.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Notable in Gaddafi's politics has been his support for self-styled liberation movements, and also his sponsorship of rebel movements in West Africa , notably Sierra Leone and Liberia , as well as Muslim groups.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As Libya's relations with Egypt worsened, Gaddafi sought closer relations with the Soviet Union.^ As Libya's relations with Egypt worsened, Gaddafi sought closer relations with the Soviet Union .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As Libya's relations with Egypt worsened, Gaddafi sought closer relations with the Soviet Union.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Libya became the first country outside the Soviet bloc to receive the supersonic MiG-25 combat fighters, but Soviet-Libyan relations remained relatively distant.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Libya became the first country outside the Soviet bloc to receive the supersonic MiG-25 combat fighters, but Soviet-Libyan relations remained relatively distant.^ Libya became the first country outside the Soviet bloc to receive the supersonic MiG-25 combat fighters, but Soviet-Libyan relations remained relatively distant.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In March 2004, a Libyan official stated for the first time that the country has never produced or exported antipersonnel mines, and that it no longer has a stockpile of antipersonnel mines.
  • Landmine Monitor (LM): Landmine Monitor 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC lm.icbl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As Libya's relations with Egypt worsened, Gaddafi sought closer relations with the Soviet Union .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Gaddafi also sought to increase Libyan influence, especially in states with an Islamic population, by calling for the creation of a Saharan Islamic state and supporting anti-government forces in sub-Saharan Africa.^ Gaddafi also sought to increase Libyan influence, especially in states with an Islamic population, by calling for the creation of a Saharan Islamic state and supporting anti-government forces in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi also sought to increase Libyan influence, especially in states with an Islamic population, by calling for the creation of a Saharan Islamic state and supporting anti-government forces in sub-Saharan Africa .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In late 2001, with extensive assistance from U.S. air support and United States Special Forces, the UIF succeeded in retaking most of Afghanistan from the Taliban.
  • pbtrue1's blog | SamSederShow.com 18 September 2009 7:29 UTC samsedershow.com [Source type: General]

.Notable in Gaddafi's politics has been his support for self-styled liberation movements, and also his sponsorship of rebel movements in West Africa, notably Sierra Leone and Liberia, as well as Muslim groups.^ Notable in Gaddafi's politics has been his support for self-styled liberation movements, and also his sponsorship of rebel movements in West Africa , notably Sierra Leone and Liberia , as well as Muslim groups.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Notable in his politics has been the support for liberation movements, in most cases Muslim groups.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi also sought to increase Libyan influence, especially in states with an Islamic population, by calling for the creation of a Saharan Islamic state and supporting anti-government forces in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the 1970s and the 1980s, this support was sometimes so freely given that even the most unsympathetic groups could obtain Libyan support; often the groups represented ideologies far removed from Gaddafi's own.^ In the 1970s and the 1980s, this support was sometimes so freely given that even the most unsympathetic groups could get Libyan support.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Often the groups represented ideologies far away from Gaddafi's own.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 1970s and the 1980s, this support was sometimes so freely given that even the most unsympathetic groups could obtain Libyan support; often the groups represented ideologies far removed from Gaddafi's own.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Gaddafi's approach often tended to confuse international opinion.^ Gaddafi's approach often tended to confuse international opinion.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ International opinion was confused by these policies.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Throughout the 1970s, his regime was implicated in subversion and terrorist activities in both Arab and non-Arab countries.^ Throughout the 1970s, his regime was implicated in subversion and terrorist activities in both Arab and non-Arab countries.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By the mid-1980s, he was widely regarded in the West as the principal financier of international terrorism.^ By the mid-1980s, he was widely regarded in the West as the principal financier of international terrorism.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Reportedly, Gaddafi was a major financier of the "Black September Movement" which perpetrated the Munich massacre at the 1972 Summer Olympics, and was accused by the United States of being responsible for direct control of the 1986 Berlin discotheque bombing that killed three people and wounded more than 200, of whom a substantial number were U.S. servicemen.^ Why is the United Kingdom more violent than the United States?
  • Boycott Scotland and the United Kingdom 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.boycottscotland.com [Source type: Original source]

^ More than 200,000 people are estimated to have been killed in the civil wars.
  • Liberia Information & Liberia Links at HealthHaven.com 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi suggests a United States of Africa .
  • Breaking News English ESL Lesson Plan on Africa 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.breakingnewsenglish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He is also said to have paid "Carlos the Jackal" to kidnap and then release a number of Saudi Arabian and Iranian oil ministers.^ He is also said to have paid "Carlos the Jackal" to kidnap and then release a number of the Saudi Arabian and Iranian oil ministers.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He is also said to have paid " Carlos the Jackal " to kidnap and then release a number of Saudi Arabian and Iranian oil ministers.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Brown [-said]: There was no conspiracy, no cover-up, no double dealing, no deal on oil, no attempt to instruct Scottish ministers, no private assurances by me to Colonel Gaddafi, .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
.Tensions between Libya and the West reached a peak during the Ronald Reagan administration, which tried to overthrow Gaddafi.^ Tensions between Libya and the West reached a peak during the Ronald Reagan administration, which tried to overthrow Gaddafi.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In retaliation Reagan bombed Libya’s two largest cities, Tripoli and Benghazi, which only upped the animosity between the two countries.
  • Kira Salak: Rediscovering Libya 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.kirasalak.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The two men were caught up in a spat between Libya and Switzerland following the arrest last summer of Gaddafi's son.
  • World News Australia - Gaddafi designs a car 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.sbs.com.au [Source type: News]

.The Reagan administration viewed Libya as a belligerent rogue state because of its uncompromising stance on Palestinian independence, its support for revolutionary Iran in the 1980–1988 war against Saddam Hussein's Iraq (see Iran–Iraq War), and its backing of "liberation movements" in the developing world.^ Libya was a rogue state.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ Independent federal Palestinian state.
  • Welcome to the official site of Muammar Al Gathafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.algathafi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Reagan administration viewed Libya as a belligerent rogue state because of its uncompromising stance on Palestinian independence, its support for revolutionary Iran in the 1980–1988 war against Saddam Hussein 's Iraq ( see Iran–Iraq War ), and its backing of "liberation movements" in the developing world.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Reagan himself dubbed Gaddafi the "mad dog of the Middle East". In December 1981, the US State Department invalidated US passports for travel to Libya, and in March 1982, the U.S. declared a ban on the import of Libyan oil[22] and the export to Libya of U.S. oil industry technology; European nations did not follow suit.^ In December 1981, the US State Department invalidated US passports for travel to Libya, and in March 1982, the U.S. declared a ban on the import of Libyan oil [ 9 ] and the export to Libya of U.S. oil industry technology; European nations did not follow suit.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In March 1982 the U.S. declared a ban on the import of Libyan oil and the export to Libya of US oil industry technology; Europe did not follow suit.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reagan himself dubbed Gaddafi the "mad dog of the Middle East ".
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Libya has also been a supporter of the Polisario Front in their fight against Spanish colonialism and Moroccan military occupation.^ Libya has also been a supporter of the Polisario Front in their fight against Spanish colonialism and Moroccan military occupation .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under its terms, Italy will pay $5 billion to Libya as compensation for its former military occupation .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Response to Moroccan Actually, Libya stopped boycotted goods from Denmark and Libyans died in demonstrations against the cartoons.
  • Al Jazeera English - Africa - Libya halts Swiss oil shipments 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC english.aljazeera.net [Source type: Original source]

.In 1984, British police constable Yvonne Fletcher was shot outside the Libyan Embassy in London while policing an anti-Gaddafi demonstration.^ In 1984 British police constable Yvonne Fletcher was shot outside the Libyan Embassy in London while policing an anti-Gaddafi demonstration.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1984, British police constable Yvonne Fletcher was shot outside the Libyan Embassy in London while policing an anti-Gaddafi demonstration.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi also sought to increase Libyan influence, especially in states with an Islamic population, by calling for the creation of a Saharan Islamic state and supporting anti-government forces in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A burst of machine-gun fire from within the building was suspected of killing her, but Libyan diplomats asserted their diplomatic immunity and were repatriated.^ A burst of machine-gun fire from within the building was suspected of killing her, but Libyan diplomats asserted their diplomatic immunity and were repatriated.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Families of victims killed by Libyan weapons believe their hand has been strengthened by Megrahi's release, which has caused a political and diplomatic row...
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

.The incident led to the breaking off of diplomatic relations between the United Kingdom and Libya for over a decade.^ The incident led to the breaking off of diplomatic relations between the United Kingdom and Libya for over a decade.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The incident led to the breaking-off of diplomatic relations between the United Kingdom and Libya for over a decade.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi and Brazilian President Lula at a conference in Nigeria In March 2004, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair became one of the first Western leaders in decades to visit Libya and publicly meet Gaddafi.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.The U.S. attacked Libyan patrol boats from January to March 1986 during clashes over access to the Gulf of Sidra, which Libya claimed as territorial waters.^ The U.S. attacked Libyan patrol boats from January to March 1986 during clashes over access to the Gulf of Sidra , which Libya claimed as territorial waters .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The U.S. attacked Libyan patrol boats from January to March 1986 during clashes over access to the Gulf of Sidra, which Libya claimed as territorial waters.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Former Libyan intelligence officer Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed Al Megrahi was jailed for life in January 2001 over the attack.
  • World News Australia - Gaddafi designs a car 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.sbs.com.au [Source type: News]

.On 15 April 1986, Ronald Reagan ordered major bombing raids, dubbed Operation El Dorado Canyon, against Tripoli and Benghazi killing 45 Libyan military and government personnel as well as 15 civilians.^ The US bombs Tripoli and Benghazi, killing dozens.
  • Anorak News » Blog Archive Keeping tabs on the tabloids and breaking the news down every day 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.anorak.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ On 15 April 1986, Ronald Reagan ordered major bombing raids, dubbed Operation El Dorado Canyon , against Tripoli and Benghazi killing 45 Libyan military and government personnel as well as 15 civilians.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi entered the military academy in Benghazi in 1963, where he and a few of his fellow militants organized a secretive group dedicated to overthrowing the pro- Western Libyan monarchy.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] .This strike followed U.S. interception of telex messages from Libya's East Berlin embassy suggesting Libyan government involvement in a bomb explosion on 5 April in West Berlin's La Belle discothèque, a nightclub frequented by U.S. servicemen.^ This strike followed U.S. interception of telex messages from Libya's East Berlin embassy suggesting Libyan government involvement in a bomb explosion on 5 April in West Berlin 's La Belle discothèque , a nightclub frequented by U.S. servicemen.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Libya's involvement with and support for terrorism were confirmed in late 1987 when a merchant vessel, the MV Eksund, was intercepted.
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi, Dictator of the Month November, 2006 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dictatorofthemonth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ironically the prime cause of this raid, a bombing of a night club in Berlin that killed two American servicemen, was probably carried out by Palestinians on behalf of Syria ­ although there is some evidence of Libyan involvement ­ just as there are many who believe that Libya carried out the Lockerbie bombing on behalf of Iran.
  • Muammar Gaddafi: Exporting revolution from an Arabian desert - Profiles, People - The Independent 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

.Among the alleged fatalities of the 15 April retaliatory attack by the U.S. was Gaddafi's adopted daughter, Hannah.^ Among the fatalities of the 15 April retaliatory attack by the U.S. was Gaddafi's adopted daughter, Hannah.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His adopted daughter, Hanna, was killed in the April 1986 United States bombing of Libya .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Libya responded by firing two Scud missiles at the U.S. Coast Guard navigation station on the Italian island of Lampedusa, in retaliation for the bombing.^ Libya responded by firing two Scud missiles at the U.S. Coast Guard navigation station on the Italian island of Lampedusa , in retaliation for the bombing.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In retaliation Reagan bombed Libya’s two largest cities, Tripoli and Benghazi, which only upped the animosity between the two countries.
  • Kira Salak: Rediscovering Libya 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.kirasalak.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Libya: ( ranting to self ) Swine flu was invented by the American Coast Guard to kill Martin Luther King Jr! I want a sandwich.
  • The Real World: United Nations | Adam Thinks 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC adamthinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The missiles landed in the sea, and caused no damage.^ The missiles landed in the sea, and caused no damage.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.In late 1987, a merchant vessel, the MV Eksund, was intercepted.^ In late 1987, a merchant vessel, the MV Eksund , was intercepted.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Destined for the IRA, a large consignment of arms and explosives supplied by Libya was recovered from the Eksund.^ Destined for the IRA , a large consignment of arms and explosives supplied by Libya was recovered from the Eksund .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The move, another sign of the growing relationship between the UK and the oil-rich country, has appalled military veterans who recall how Libya supplied the Provisional IRA with guns and explosives to kill British soldiers.
  • Boycott Scotland and the United Kingdom 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.boycottscotland.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Asking compensation from the libyan goverment for the damages that were caused by the IRA actions is like asking arm suppliers at the end of a war to compensate for the damages done by the army that used them!
  • Why we cannot airbrush Libyan legacy from history - Ed Curran, Columnists - Belfasttelegraph.co.uk 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

.British intelligence believed this was not the first and that Libyan arms shipments had previously reached the IRA. (See Provisional IRA arms importation.^ British intelligence believed this was not the first and that Libyan arms shipments had previously reached the IRA. (See Provisional IRA arms importation .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Megrahi was head of security of Libyan Arab Airlines, which was widely believed to have been a cover for his role in Libyan intelligence.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ The Libyan embassy and the British government have refused to name individuals in the delegation or to say how big it will be, but protesters believe it will be the largest contingent of Libyan arms dealers ever to visit Britain.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

)
.For most of the 1990s, Libya endured economic sanctions and diplomatic isolation as a result of Gaddafi's refusal to allow the extradition to the United States or Britain of two Libyans accused of planting a bomb on Pan Am Flight 103, which exploded over Lockerbie, Scotland.^ Gaddafi suggests a United States of Africa .
  • Breaking News English ESL Lesson Plan on Africa 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.breakingnewsenglish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two men, believed to be Libyan secret agents, bombed Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, sending 270 people to their death.
  • Kira Salak: Rediscovering Libya 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.kirasalak.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For a decade he endured economic sanctions due to his refusal to extradite the Lockerbie suspects.
  • Gerald Warner: Absurd to conduct business with fruitcake Gaddafi - Scotland on Sunday 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC scotlandonsunday.scotsman.com [Source type: News]

.Through the intercession of South African President Nelson Mandela – who made a high-profile visit to Gaddafi in 1997 – and U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan, Gaddafi agreed in 1999 to a compromise that involved handing over the defendants to the Netherlands for trial under Scottish law.:[23] U.N. sanctions were thereupon suspended, but U.S. sanctions against Libya remained in force.^ Through the intercession of South African President Nelson Mandela – who made a high-profile visit to Gaddafi in 1997 – and U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan , Gaddafi agreed in 1999 to a compromise that involved handing over the defendants to the Netherlands for trial under Scottish law .: [ 10 ] U.N. sanctions were thereupon suspended, but U.S. sanctions against Libya remained in force.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Taylor was elected as President in 1997, after leading a bloody insurgency backed by Libyan President Muammar al-Gaddafi .
  • Liberia Information & Liberia Links at HealthHaven.com 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nelson Mandela was attacked for going to Tripoli and embracing Gaddafi soon after his release from prison.
  • Letters: Colonel Gaddafi - Letters, Opinion - The Independent 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

An alleged plot by Britain's secret intelligence service to assassinate Colonel Gaddafi, when rebels attacked Gaddafi's motorcade near the city of Sirte in February 1996, was described as "pure fantasy" by former foreign secretary Robin Cook, although the FCO later admitted: "We have never denied that we knew of plots against Gaddafi."[24]
.In August 2003, two years after Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed Al Megrahi's conviction, Libya wrote to the United Nations formally accepting 'responsibility for the actions of its officials' in respect of the Lockerbie bombing and agreed to pay compensation of up to US$2.7 billion – or up to US$10 million each – to the families of the 270 victims.^ Ali Mohmed al-Megrahi (70) .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

^ Never mind that he said in a 2003 letter to the United Nations that his country, meaning him, "accepts responsibility for the actions of its officials."
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ The Lockerbie bombing was, after all, two years after that event.
  • Muammar Gaddafi: Exporting revolution from an Arabian desert - Profiles, People - The Independent 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

The same month, Britain and Bulgaria co-sponsored a U.N. resolution which removed the suspended sanctions. .(Bulgaria's involvement in tabling this motion led to suggestions that there was a link with the HIV trial in Libya in which 5 Bulgarian nurses, working at a Benghazi hospital, were accused of infecting 426 Libyan children with HIV.)[25] Forty percent of the compensation was then paid to each family, and a further 40% followed once U.S. sanctions were removed.^ (Bulgaria's involvement in tabling this motion led to suggestions that there was a link with the HIV trial in Libya in which 5 Bulgarian nurses, working at a Benghazi hospital, were accused of infecting 426 Libyan children with HIV.) [ 12 ] Forty percent of the compensation was then paid to each family, and a further 40% followed once U.S. sanctions were removed.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Libyan court sentenced the six for intentionally infecting hundreds of children with the HIV virus in a case which started eight years ago and that has triggered widespread international concern about its fairness.

^ Libya became the first country outside the Soviet bloc to receive the supersonic MiG-25 combat fighters, but Soviet-Libyan relations remained relatively distant.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Because the U.S. refused to take Libya off its list of state sponsors of terrorism, Libya retained the last 20% ($540 million) of the $2.7 billion compensation package.^ Because the U.S. refused to take Libya off its list of state sponsors of terrorism , Libya retained the last 20% ($540 million) of the $2.7 billion compensation package.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Libya compensates terror victims" .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Libya stated several times in 2007, as it has often in the past, that it has not joined the treaty because it does not require states that have planted mines in the past to pay for the clearance and compensate for damages.
  • Landmine Monitor (LM): Landmine Monitor 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC lm.icbl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In October 2008 Libya paid $1.5 billion into a fund which will be used to compensate relatives of the
  1. Lockerbie bombing victims with the remaining 20%;
  2. American victims of the 1986 Berlin discotheque bombing;
  3. American victims of the 1989 UTA Flight 772 bombing; and,
  4. Libyan victims of the 1986 US bombing of Tripoli and Benghazi.
.As a result, President Bush signed an executive order restoring the Libyan government's immunity from terror-related lawsuits and dismissing all of the pending compensation cases in the US, the White House said.^ As a result, President Bush signed an executive order restoring the Libyan government's immunity from terror-related lawsuits and dismissing all of the pending compensation cases in the US, the White House said.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Executive branch of the government is headed by the President.
  • Liberia Information & Liberia Links at HealthHaven.com 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Media takes orders from the White House.
  • pbtrue1's blog | SamSederShow.com 18 September 2009 7:29 UTC samsedershow.com [Source type: General]

[26]
.On 28 June 2007, Megrahi was granted the right to a second appeal against the Lockerbie bombing conviction.^ On 28 June 2007, Megrahi was granted the right to a second appeal against the Lockerbie bombing conviction.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Justice Minister Jack Straw in December 2007 dropped attempts to exclude convicted bomber Abdel Basset al-Megrahi from a prisoner transfer agreement.
  • Colonel Gaddafi: with friends like these... 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC celebrifi.com [Source type: General]

^ Wednesday, 19 August, 2009: (Reuters) - Scotland's high court has agreed that Abdel Basset al-Megrahi can drop his appeal against conviction for the bombing of a Pan Am flight over Lockerbie in 1988, a move that could speed his return home.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

[27] .One month later, the Bulgarian medics were released from jail in Libya.^ One month later, the Bulgarian medics were released from jail in Libya.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gadhafi, who was involved in the negotiations for the prisoner release deal, accompanied al Megrahi back to Libya last month after he was freed from a Scottish prison on compassionate grounds.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ The one man convicted of the bombing of Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie in 1988 was last week released from a Scottish jail.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

.They returned home to Bulgaria and were pardoned by Bulgarian president, Georgi Parvanov.^ They returned home to Bulgaria and were pardoned by Bulgarian president, Georgi Parvanov .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When the sailors who shot down the Iranian civil airliner in 1988 returned home they were greeted with waving flags and medals.
  • The homecoming: Lockerbie bomber arrives in Tripoli - Home News, UK - The Independent 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

.Gaddafi's 2009 welcome to the return of convicted Lockerbie bomber Megrahi, who was released from prison on compassionate grounds, attracted criticism from Western leaders[28][29][30] and has disrupted his first-ever visit to the United States to attend a UN General Session.^ Gaddafi suggests a United States of Africa .
  • Breaking News English ESL Lesson Plan on Africa 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.breakingnewsenglish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi’s only plan as leader is for a United States of Africa.
  • Breaking News English ESL Lesson Plan on Africa 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.breakingnewsenglish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scotland again debates Lockerbie bomber's release .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

.Gaddafi often resides in a tent when travelling,[31] but plans to erect a tent in Central Park and on Libyan government property in Englewood, New Jersey during Gaddafi's stay at the UN were both protested by community leaders and subsequently cancelled by Gaddafi.^ Gadhafi often stays in a Bedouin-style tent when he travels abroad.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ Gaddafi will avoid New Jersey row .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

^ The source who knew about the arrangement, who is a resident of Bedford, says that Gaddafi's people are already in the process of setting up a tent, though plans could potentially be upended by bad publicity.
  • Gaddafi Tent: Bedford Orders Work To Be Stopped On Libyan Dictator's Tent At Donald Trump Estate 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[32][33][34] .His tent finally found a home on an estate belonging to Donald Trump in Bedford.^ His tent finally found a home on an estate belonging to Donald Trump in Bedford.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Muammar Gaddafi's tent finds home on Donald Trump's estate .
  • Gaddafi Tent: Bedford Orders Work To Be Stopped On Libyan Dictator's Tent At Donald Trump Estate 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Reply Shaq says: September 23, 2009 at 1:53 pm I heard he is staying in a tent on some land owned by Donald Trump.
  • Sgt. Creepy’s « Pundit Kitchen: Lol News and Lol Sarah Palin, Barack Obama, John McCain, Joe Biden and more 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC punditkitchen.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[35]
.September 23, 2009 marked Gaddafi's first appearance at the United Nations General Assembly where he addressed world leaders at the annual gathering in New York.^ September 23, 2009 9:26 PM .
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi: Not a bad speech : Greg Laden's Blog 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ September 23, 2009 marked Gaddafi's first appearance at the United Nations General Assembly where he addressed world leaders at the annual gathering in New York.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ September 23, 2009 1:02 PM .
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi: Not a bad speech : Greg Laden's Blog 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

.The Libyan leader while demanding representation for the African Union, used the occasion to scold the United Nations structure saying the 15-member body practised “security feudalism” for those who had a protected seat.^ African Union member states .
  • Liberia Information & Liberia Links at HealthHaven.com 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi is the new chairman of the 53-nation African Union.
  • Breaking News English ESL Lesson Plan on Africa 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.breakingnewsenglish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi is the new chairman of the 53- nation African Union.
  • Breaking News English ESL Lesson Plan on Africa 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.breakingnewsenglish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36] .The Libyan leader's appearance at the United Nations generated demonstrations both for and against Gaddafi.^ The Libyan leader's appearance at the United Nations generated demonstrations both for and against Gaddafi.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ United Nations General Assembly (43) .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

^ Gaddafi said that another flaw with the United Nations is that many developing nations did not even exist as independent countries when the UN was formed.
  • Gaddafi UN Speech: 5 Arguments Inside His Rant 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[37]

Openness

"In his four decades as Libya's 'Brother Leader', Colonel Muammar Gaddafi has gone from being the epitome of revolutionary chic to an eccentric statesman with entirely benign relations with the West."
David Blair, diplomatic editor for The Daily Telegraph[5]
.Gaddafi also appeared to be attempting to improve his image in the West.^ David Blair , diplomatic editor for The Daily Telegraph [ 5 ] Gaddafi also appeared to be attempting to improve his image in the West.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many foreign policy experts, however, contend that Gaddafi's announcement was merely a continuation of his prior attempts at normalizing relations with the West and getting the sanctions removed.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Two years prior to the September 11, 2001 attacks, Libya pledged its commitment to fighting Al-Qaeda and offered to open up its weapons programme to international inspection.^ Two years prior to the September 11, 2001 attacks , Libya pledged its commitment to fighting Al-Qaeda and offered to open up its weapons programme to international inspection.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ September 11, 2001 .
  • Fashion (Harper's Magazine) 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ The deal followed a visit by Tony Blair, then prime minister, to meet Colonel Gadaffi in March 2004 after Libya announced that it was ending its nuclear weapons programme.
  • Boycott Scotland and the United Kingdom 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.boycottscotland.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Clinton administration did not pursue the offer at the time since Libya's weapons program was not then regarded as a threat, and the matter of handing over the Lockerbie bombing suspects took priority.^ The Clinton administration did not pursue the offer at the time since Libya's weapons program was not then regarded as a threat, and the matter of handing over the Lockerbie bombing suspects took priority.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Libya is currently making efforts to join the community of peaceful nations by renouncing weapons of mass destruction and adhering to international standards regarding the rule of law.

^ It would take Qaddafi’s delivery of two Lockerbie suspects to the U.N.’s criminal tribunal in 1999, followed by his 2003 renouncement of weapons of mass destruction programs to put him on the course of reconciliation with the West.
  • Kira Salak: Rediscovering Libya 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.kirasalak.com [Source type: Original source]

.Following the attacks of 11 September, Gaddafi made one of the first, and firmest, denunciations of the Al-Qaeda bombers by any Muslim leader.^ Following the attacks of 11 September, Gaddafi made one of the first, and firmest, denunciations of the Al-Qaeda bombers by any Muslim leader.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Obama Snubs Gaddafi For UN Reception President Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama host their first international reception for world leaders later this month, in connection with the 64th session of...
  • Gaddafi UN Speech: 5 Arguments Inside His Rant 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ You know, the one where Steve Martin is mad at Letterman for putting Muammar al-Gaddafi's head on Martin's banjo-playing body.

.Gaddafi also appeared on ABC for an open interview with George Stephanopoulos, a move that would have seemed unthinkable less than a decade earlier.^ Gaddafi also appeared on ABC for an open interview with George Stephanopoulos , a move that would have seemed unthinkable less than a decade earlier.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Less than a fortnight later a flight laid on by the Libyan leader’s son, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, brought representatives from British businesses.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ In an interview with The Daily Telegraph, Mr Straw also suggested that Kenny MacAskill, the Scottish justice minister, released the terminally-ill bomber on compassionate grounds earlier than the British Government would have done.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

.Following the overthrow of Saddam Hussein by US forces in 2003, Gaddafi announced that his nation had an active weapons of mass destruction program, but was willing to allow international inspectors into his country to observe and dismantle them.^ Divesting from Israels weapon of mass destruction .
  • Pussycat > Palestine > Redress Information & Analysis 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.redress.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ Gaddafi, after his unilateral renunciation of weapons of mass destruction in December 2003, was to be "brought in from the cold".
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ Following the overthrow of Saddam Hussein by US forces in 2003, Gaddafi announced that his nation had an active weapons of mass destruction program, but was willing to allow international inspectors into his country to observe and dismantle them.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.US President George W. Bush and other supporters of the Iraq War portrayed Gaddafi's announcement as a direct consequence of the Iraq War by stating that Gaddafi acted out of fear for the future of his own regime if he continued to keep and conceal his weapons.^ But he said Libya had supported black South Africans' struggle against apartheid more than any other country and Gaddafi was the first head of state he wanted to thank for this support.
  • Letters: Colonel Gaddafi - Letters, Opinion - The Independent 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ The United States and others must support the ICC’s investigation.

^ Democracy requires voters with good values to work, and the reality is that General Assembly UN voters are mostly tyrants supporting each other, while oppressing their own people..
  • UN rewards nice dictator | Herald Sun Andrew Bolt Blog 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC blogs.news.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi, a supporter of the Iraq War, was quoted as saying that Gaddafi had privately phoned him, admitting as much.^ Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi , a supporter of the Iraq War , was quoted as saying that Gaddafi had privately phoned him, admitting as much.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi said on Tuesday that the jets, that usually emit red, white and green colours of the Italian flag, won't fly if Libyan adheres to its green-only demand.
  • World News Australia - Gaddafi designs a car 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.sbs.com.au [Source type: News]

^ French President Nicolas Sarkozy grimaces as Italian PM Silvio Berlusconi and Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi debate whether it's "one in the pink, two in the stink," or "two in the pink, one in the stink."
  • FARK.com: (4861822) Caption these august world leaders 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many foreign policy experts, however, contend that Gaddafi's announcement was merely a continuation of his prior attempts at normalizing relations with the West and getting the sanctions removed.^ Many foreign policy experts, however, contend that Gaddafi's announcement was merely a continuation of his prior attempts at normalizing relations with the West and getting the sanctions removed.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ David Blair , diplomatic editor for The Daily Telegraph [ 5 ] Gaddafi also appeared to be attempting to improve his image in the West.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ France backs EU-Libya relations BBC 1/9/2004 French Foreign Minister Dominique de Villepin has called for “progressive” normalisation of EU ties with Libya.
  • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

.To support this, they point to the fact that Libya had already made similar offers starting four years prior to it finally being accepted.^ To support this, they point to the fact that Libya had already made similar offers starting four years prior to it finally being accepted.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two years prior to the September 11, 2001 attacks , Libya pledged its commitment to fighting Al-Qaeda and offered to open up its weapons programme to international inspection.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Muslims accept this fact the more effective they will be in responding to the challenges it has put on their porches.
  • Q-News Sept-Oct 2006, Issue 368 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC q-news.com [Source type: General]

[38][39] .International inspectors turned up several tons of chemical weaponry in Libya, as well as an active nuclear weapons program.^ International inspectors turned up several tons of chemical weaponry in Libya, as well as an active nuclear weapons program.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the process of destroying these weapons continued, Libya improved its cooperation with international monitoring regimes to the extent that, by March 2006, France was able to conclude an agreement with Libya to develop a significant nuclear power program.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The deal followed a visit by Tony Blair, then prime minister, to meet Colonel Gadaffi in March 2004 after Libya announced that it was ending its nuclear weapons programme.
  • Boycott Scotland and the United Kingdom 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.boycottscotland.com [Source type: Original source]

.As the process of destroying these weapons continued, Libya improved its cooperation with international monitoring regimes to the extent that, by March 2006, France was able to conclude an agreement with Libya to develop a significant nuclear power program.^ As the process of destroying these weapons continued, Libya improved its cooperation with international monitoring regimes to the extent that, by March 2006, France was able to conclude an agreement with Libya to develop a significant nuclear power program.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The deal followed a visit by Tony Blair, then prime minister, to meet Colonel Gadaffi in March 2004 after Libya announced that it was ending its nuclear weapons programme.
  • Boycott Scotland and the United Kingdom 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.boycottscotland.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Libya is currently making efforts to join the community of peaceful nations by renouncing weapons of mass destruction and adhering to international standards regarding the rule of law.

Gaddafi and Brazilian President Lula at a conference in Nigeria
.In March 2004, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair became one of the first Western leaders in decades to visit Libya and publicly meet Gaddafi.^ Prime Minister of Libya 1970 – 1972 .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The deal followed a visit by Tony Blair, then prime minister, to meet Colonel Gadaffi in March 2004 after Libya announced that it was ending its nuclear weapons programme.
  • Boycott Scotland and the United Kingdom 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.boycottscotland.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The prime minister of Israel was ready to meet with leaders of the Arab states.
  • Pussycat > Palestine > Redress Information & Analysis 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.redress.cc [Source type: Original source]

.Blair praised Gaddafi's recent acts, and stated that he hoped Libya could now be a strong ally in the international War on Terrorism.^ Blair praised Gaddafi's recent acts, and stated that he hoped Libya could now be a strong ally in the international War on Terrorism .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The BBC , which carried footage from Libyan state television, quoted Gaddafi as praising Scotland for having the "courage" to allow Abdel Basset al-Megrahi to return to Libya on compassionate grounds because of his terminal cancer condition.
  • SABCNews - Gaddafi meets Lockerbie bomber 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.sabcnews.com [Source type: News]

^ What would his release mean for relations between the outside world and Libya, a country with vast untapped oil reserves now emerging from decades of international isolation?
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

In the run-up to Blair's visit, the British ambassador in Tripoli, Anthony Layden, explained Libya's and Gaddafi's political change thus:
"35 years of total state control of the economy has left them in a situation where they're simply not generating enough economic activity to give employment to the young people who are streaming through their successful education system. I think this dilemma goes to the heart of Colonel Gaddafi's decision that he needed a radical change of direction."[40]
.On 15 May 2006, the US State Department announced that it would restore full diplomatic relations with Libya, once Gaddafi declared he was abandoning Libya's weapons of mass destruction program.^ Divesting from Israels weapon of mass destruction .
  • Pussycat > Palestine > Redress Information & Analysis 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.redress.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ On 15 May 2006, the US State Department announced that it would restore full diplomatic relations with Libya, once Gaddafi declared he was abandoning Libya's weapons of mass destruction program.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Removal of Weapons of Mass Destruction from the new state and, if any, from the Middle East.
  • Welcome to the official site of Muammar Al Gathafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.algathafi.org [Source type: Original source]

.The State Department also said that Libya would be removed from the list of nations supporting terrorism.^ The State Department also said that Libya would be removed from the list of nations supporting terrorism [ 28 ] .
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^ In December 1981, the US State Department invalidated US passports for travel to Libya, and in March 1982, the U.S. declared a ban on the import of Libyan oil [ 9 ] and the export to Libya of U.S. oil industry technology; European nations did not follow suit.
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^ But when Soviet archives were opened, it became clear that “there were scenarios where they would have contemplated first use,” said Charles Ferguson, a former State Department official who now heads the Federation of American Scientists.
  • ArmsControlWonk: Declaratory Policy 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.armscontrolwonk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[41] .On 31 August 2006, however, Gaddafi openly called upon his supporters to "kill enemies" who asked for political change.^ On 31 August 2006, however, Gaddafi openly called upon his supporters to "kill enemies" who asked for political change.
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^ Sunday, 9 August, 2009: Libyan King Idris I was overthrown by a group of military officers, who included Muammar Gaddafi, on 1 Sep 1969.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ In the run-up to Blair's visit, the British ambassador in Tripoli, Anthony Layden, explained Libya's and Gaddafi's political change thus: .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[42]
.In July 2007, French president Nicolas Sarkozy visited Libya and signed a number of bilateral and multilateral (EU) agreements with Gaddafi.^ In July 2007, French president Nicolas Sarkozy visited Libya and signed a number of bilateral and multilateral ( EU ) agreements with Gaddafi.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ French President Nicolas Sarkozy grimaces as Italian PM Silvio Berlusconi and Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi debate whether it's "one in the pink, two in the stink," or "two in the pink, one in the stink."
  • FARK.com: (4861822) Caption these august world leaders 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi and Brazilian President Lula at a conference in Nigeria In March 2004, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair became one of the first Western leaders in decades to visit Libya and publicly meet Gaddafi.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43]
.On 4 March 2008 Gaddafi announced his intention to dissolve the country's existing administrative structure and disburse oil revenue directly to the people.^ On 4 March 2008 Gaddafi announced his intention to dissolve the country's existing administrative structure and disburse oil revenue directly to the people.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The company’s search for oil off Libya and in a 20,000-mile area in the west of the country potentially offers as much as £15 billion in new revenue.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

.The plan includes abolishing all ministries, except those of defence, internal security, and foreign affairs, and departments implementing strategic projects.^ The plan includes abolishing all ministries, except those of defence, internal security, and foreign affairs, and departments implementing strategic projects.
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^ "The visit will sustain the excellent ties that have existed between the Philippines and Libya since 1976, when diplomatic ties were first established," the Department of Foreign Affairs said in a statement.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ Two committees on Diaspora and Special Duties, yesterday, drew the attention of the Federal Government and the Foreign Affairs Ministry to the issue which has to do with simple immigration offences.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

[44]
.In September 2008, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Libya and met with Gaddafi as part of a North African tour.^ This was the first visit to Libya by a US Secretary of State since 1953.
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^ Rice meets Gadhafi on historic Libya visit September 9, 2008 - September 14, 2008 .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

^ In September 2008, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Libya and met with Gaddafi as part of a North African tour.
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This was the first visit to Libya by a US Secretary of State since 1953.[45]
.In January 2009, Gaddafi contributed an editorial to the New York Times, suggesting that he was in favor of a single-state solution to the Israeli and Palestinian conflicts that moved beyond old conflicts and looked to a unified future of shared culture and mutual respect.^ The futility of pursuing a two-state Israeli-Palestinian solution .
  • Pussycat > Palestine > Redress Information & Analysis 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.redress.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ The two-state solution, Israeli-style .
  • Pussycat > Palestine > Redress Information & Analysis 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.redress.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ In January 2009, Gaddafi contributed an editorial to the New York Times , suggesting that he was in favor of a single-state solution to the Israeli and Palestinian conflicts that moved beyond old conflicts and looked to a unified future of shared culture and mutual respect.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46]

Cooperation with Italy

.On 30 August 2008, Gaddafi and Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi signed a historic cooperation treaty in Benghazi.^ On 30 August 2008, Gaddafi and Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi signed a historic cooperation treaty in Benghazi .
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^ In June Gaddafi made his first visit to Rome , where he met Prime Minister Berlusconi, President Giorgio Napolitano and Senate President Renato Schifani ; Chamber President Gianfranco Fini cancelled the meeting because of Gaddafi's delay.
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^ French President Nicolas Sarkozy grimaces as Italian PM Silvio Berlusconi and Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi debate whether it's "one in the pink, two in the stink," or "two in the pink, one in the stink."
  • FARK.com: (4861822) Caption these august world leaders 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[47][48][49] .Under its terms, Italy will pay $5 billion to Libya as compensation for its former military occupation.^ Under its terms, Italy will pay $5 billion to Libya as compensation for its former military occupation .
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^ In October 2008 Libya paid $1.5 billion into a fund which will be used to compensate relatives of the .
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^ Libya has also been a supporter of the Polisario Front in their fight against Spanish colonialism and Moroccan military occupation .
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.In exchange, Libya will take measures to combat illegal immigration coming from its shores and boost investments in Italian companies.^ In exchange, Libya will take measures to combat illegal immigration coming from its shores and boost investments in Italian companies.
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^ The SEDF also signed an agreement with International Petroleum Investments Company (IPIC) for cooperation and joint investments in energy production in Libya and in third countries.
  • gulfnews : Pact signed for Libyan-Emirati firm 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC gulfnews.com [Source type: News]

^ Talks between Libya, holder of Africa's largest oil reserves, and foreign oil companies over investment in its energy industry have been protracted.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

[48][50] .The treaty was ratified by Italy in 6 February 2009,[47] and by Libya on 2 March, during a visit to Tripoli by Berlusconi.^ The treaty was ratified by Italy in 6 February 2009, [ 34 ] and by Libya on 2 March, during a visit to Tripoli by Berlusconi.
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^ The deal followed a visit by Tony Blair, then prime minister, to meet Colonel Gadaffi in March 2004 after Libya announced that it was ending its nuclear weapons programme.
  • Boycott Scotland and the United Kingdom 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.boycottscotland.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The U.S. attacked Libyan patrol boats from January to March 1986 during clashes over access to the Gulf of Sidra , which Libya claimed as territorial waters .
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[48][51] .In June Gaddafi made his first visit to Rome, where he met Prime Minister Berlusconi, President Giorgio Napolitano and Senate President Renato Schifani; Chamber President Gianfranco Fini cancelled the meeting because of Gaddafi's delay.^ "Gaddafi to Rome for historic visit" .
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^ In June Gaddafi made his first visit to Rome , where he met Prime Minister Berlusconi, President Giorgio Napolitano and Senate President Renato Schifani ; Chamber President Gianfranco Fini cancelled the meeting because of Gaddafi's delay.
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^ The former prime minister is the president of the Fund.
  • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

[48] .The Democratic Party and Italy of Values opposed the visit,[52][53] and many protests were staged throughout Italy by human rights organizations and the Radical Party.^ The Democratic Party and Italy of Values opposed the visit, [ 39 ] [ 40 ] and many protests were staged throughout Italy by human rights organizations and the Radical Party .
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^ Today, while the human rights situation in Iran is reprehensible, the ongoing circumstances are far worse under many governments favored by Washington.
  • Media Tall Tales
    for the Next War - by Norman Solomon
    7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.antiwar.com [Source type: News]

^ The Ba-ath Party, human rights violators are out of power in Iraq.
  • Veterans Prefer Ron Paul Over John McCain 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: General]

[54] .Gaddafi also took part in the G8 summit in L'Aquila in July as Chairman of the African Union.^ Gaddafi also took part in the G8 summit in L'Aquila in July as Chairman of the African Union .
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^ In February 2009, upon being elected chairman of the African Union in Ethiopia , Gaddafi told the assembled African leaders: "I shall continue to insist that our sovereign countries work to achieve the United States of Africa ."
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^ In September 2008, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Libya and met with Gaddafi as part of a North African tour.
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[48] .During the summit a handshake between US President Barack Obama and Muammar Gaddafi took place (the first time the Libyan leader has been greeted by a serving US president),[55] then at summit's official dinner offered by President Giorgio Napolitano US and Libyan leaders upset the ceremony and sat by the Italian Prime Minister and G8 host, Silvio Berlusconi.^ The event took place near the residence of the prime minister in Jerusalem.
  • Pussycat > Palestine > Redress Information & Analysis 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.redress.cc [Source type: Original source]

^ The former prime minister is the president of the Fund.
  • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

^ (According to ceremony, Gaddafi should seat three places after Berlusconi).
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.(According to ceremony, Gaddafi should seat three places after Berlusconi).^ (According to ceremony, Gaddafi should seat three places after Berlusconi).
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[56][57][58][59][60]

Pan-Africanism

.Gaddafi has also emerged as a popular African leader.^ Gaddafi has also emerged as a popular African leader.
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^ Gaddafi, 66, becomes the first North African leader __________________ at the AU since it started in 2002.
  • Breaking News English ESL Lesson Plan on Africa 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.breakingnewsenglish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi is the new chairman of the 53-nation African Union.
  • Breaking News English ESL Lesson Plan on Africa 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.breakingnewsenglish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As one of the continent's longest-serving, post-colonial heads of state, the Libyan leader enjoys a reputation among many Africans as an experienced and wise statesman who has been at the forefront of many struggles over the years.^ As one of the continent's longest-serving, post-colonial heads of state, the Libyan leader enjoys a reputation among many Africans as an experienced and wise statesman who has been at the forefront of many struggles over the years.
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^ The Libyan strongman who has ruled this oil-rich country for nearly 40 years has written to President Museveni informing him of how he will arrive in Uganda in the company of five others heads of state.
  • allAfrica.com: Uganda: Gadaffi to Fly in With 5 Presidents (Page 1 of 1) 18 September 2009 7:29 UTC allafrica.com [Source type: News]

^ The Libyan leader while demanding representation for the African Union, used the occasion to scold the United Nations structure saying the 15-member body practised “security feudalism” for those who had a protected seat.
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.Gaddafi has earned the praise of Nelson Mandela and others, and is always a prominent figure in various pan-African organizations, such as the Organisation of African Unity (now replaced by the African Union).^ Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi is the new chairman of the 53-nation African Union.
  • Breaking News English ESL Lesson Plan on Africa 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.breakingnewsenglish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi is the new chairman of the 53-(1) ____ African Union.
  • Breaking News English ESL Lesson Plan on Africa 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.breakingnewsenglish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi is the new chairman of the 53- nation African Union.
  • Breaking News English ESL Lesson Plan on Africa 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.breakingnewsenglish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In February 2009, upon being elected chairman of the African Union in Ethiopia, Gaddafi told the assembled African leaders: "I shall continue to insist that our sovereign countries work to achieve the United States of Africa."[61] Gaddafi is also seen by many Africans as a humanitarian, pouring large amounts of money into sub-Saharan states. .Large numbers of Africans have come to Libya to take advantage of the availability of jobs there.^ Large numbers of Africans have come to Libya to take advantage of the availability of jobs there.
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^ The forged documents made it possible to take advantage of the special customs terms for Tunisian products in Libya.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ Saturday, 5 September, 2009: A DUP MP has met representatives of the Foreign Office to discuss taking some innocent victims to Libya for a meeting with the authorities there.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

.His views on African political and military unification have received a relatively lukewarm response from other African governments.^ His views on African political and military unification have received a relatively lukewarm response from other African governments.
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^ The President's delayed response is said to have infuriated the Libyan leader whose relationship with Museveni is already strained by Uganda's support for a non-political African Union, a view advanced by South Africa, as opposed to Libya's preferred one continental government.
  • allAfrica.com: Uganda: Gadaffi to Fly in With 5 Presidents (Page 1 of 1) 18 September 2009 7:29 UTC allafrica.com [Source type: News]

^ AllAfrica aggregates and indexes content from over 125 African news organizations , plus more than 200 other sources , who are responsible for their own reporting and views.
  • allAfrica.com: Uganda: Gadaffi to Fly in With 5 Presidents (Page 1 of 1) 18 September 2009 7:29 UTC allafrica.com [Source type: News]

.On 29 August 2008, Gaddafi held a public ceremony in Benghazi in which he was self-handed the title "King of Kings of Africa" with over 200 African traditional rulers and kings as part of a grassroots effort to encourage African heads of state and government to join with Gaddafi toward a greater political cohesion;[62] this was followed on 1 February 2009 by a coronation ceremony in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia simultaneous with the 53rd African Union Summit, at which he was elected head of the African Union for the year.^ Boumadian - 29 August, 2009 .
  • Libya: News and Views - Letters ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء : رسائل 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: General]

^ Ethiopia’s capital, Addis Ababa.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ Gaddafi also took part in the G8 summit in L'Aquila in July as Chairman of the African Union .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[63] .His January 2009 forum for African kings, however, was cancelled by the Ugandan government (Uganda was to host the forum), since the invitation of traditional rulers to discussion of political affairs contravened Uganda's current constitution, and according to Ugandan foreign ministry spokesperson James Mugume, would have led to instability.^ His January 2009 forum for African kings, however, was cancelled by the Ugandan government ( Uganda was to host the forum), since the invitation of traditional rulers to discussion of political affairs contravened Uganda's current constitution, and according to Ugandan foreign ministry spokesperson James Mugume , would have led to instability.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 29 August 2008, Gaddafi held a public ceremony in Benghazi in which he was self-handed the title " King of Kings of Africa" with over 200 African traditional rulers and kings as part of a grassroots effort to encourage African heads of state and government to join with Gaddafi toward a greater political cohesion; [ 49 ] this was followed on 1 February 2009 by a coronation ceremony in Addis Ababa , Ethiopia simultaneous with the 53rd African Union Summit, at which he was elected head of the African Union for the year.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The celebration comes a day after Gaddafi hosted an extraordinary meeting of African heads of state and government to tackle conflicts across the continent.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

[64]
.The title of "King of Kings" was reiterated by Gaddafi at the 2009 Arab League Summit, at which he claimed to be the King of Kings, "leader of the Arab leaders" and "imam of the Muslims" in his criticism of King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia prior to storming out of the summit.^ The title of "King of Kings" was reiterated by Gaddafi at the 2009 Arab League Summit, at which he claimed to be the King of Kings, "leader of the Arab leaders" and "imam of the Muslims" in his criticism of King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia prior to storming out of the summit.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lebanese Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri claimed that the Libyan regime, and particularly the Libyan leader, were responsible for the disappearance of Imam Musa Sadr, London-based Asharq Al-Awsat , a Saudi-run pan-Arab daily reported on 27 August 2006.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "I am an international leader, the dean of the Arab rulers, the king of kings of Africa and the imam (leader) of Muslims, and my international status does not allow me to descend to a lower level."
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[65]
.Notwithstanding his claims of concern for his African roots, Gaddafi has often expressed an overt contempt for the Berbers, a non-Arab people of North Africa, and for their language, maintaining that the very existence of Berbers in North Africa is a myth created by colonialists.^ Notwithstanding his claims of concern for his African roots, Gaddafi has often expressed an overt contempt for the true African dwellers of Libya, the Berbers , and for their language , maintaining that the very existence of Berbers in North Africa is a myth created by colonialists.
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^ Mideast and Arab north Africa , the estimates.
  • North Africa Religion News - Religion Today 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC religion.einnews.com [Source type: News]

^ In Nairobi Libyan president Muammar al-Gaddafi, surrounded by his squad of female bodyguards and wearing a shirt printed with pictures of the African presidents , called for the creation of a “ United States of Africa ” and implied that he should be its first leader.
  • Fashion (Harper's Magazine) 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.He adopted several measures forbidding the use of Berber, and often attacks this language in official speeches, with statements like: "If your mother transmits you this language, she nourishes you with the milk of the colonialist, she feeds you their poison" (1985).^ He adopted several measures forbidding the use of Berber, and often attacks this language in official speeches, with statements like: "If your mother transmits you this language, she nourishes you with the milk of the colonialist, she feeds you their poison" (1985).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Notwithstanding his claims of concern for his African roots, Gaddafi has often expressed an overt contempt for the true African dwellers of Libya, the Berbers , and for their language , maintaining that the very existence of Berbers in North Africa is a myth created by colonialists.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I love your energy rebuttal - you're right, the OLPC is not meant to replace traditional computers and the OLPC team is not using XO's for their daily work.
  • Libya Reduces Gaddafi Foundation OLPC XO Orders - OLPC News 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.olpcnews.com [Source type: General]

[66]

'NATO of the South'

.In September 2009, at a South America-Africa summit on Isla Margarita in Venezuela, Colonel Gaddafi joined the host, Hugo Chávez, in calling for an "anti-imperialist" front across Africa and Latin America.^ In September 2009, at a South America - Africa summit on Isla Margarita in Venezuela , Colonel Gaddafi joined the host, Hugo Chávez , in calling for an "anti-imperialist" front across Africa and Latin America .
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^ "Gaddafi proposes ‘Nato of the South’ at South America-Africa summit" .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following Colonel Gaddafi's speech, in which he criticized the UN Security Council (UNSC) calling it the "Terror Council", [ 58 ] Gaddafi failed to attend a special Security Council heads-of-state meeting on 24 September 2009, when a resolution calling for a reduction in the number of nuclear weapons was passed unanimously.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Gaddafi proposed the establishment of a South Atlantic Treaty Organization to rival NATO, saying: "The world’s powers want to continue to hold on to their power.^ Gaddafi proposed the establishment of a South Atlantic Treaty Organization to rival NATO , saying: "The world’s powers want to continue to hold on to their power.
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^ "Gaddafi proposes ‘Nato of the South’ at South America-Africa summit" .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reply HelOnWheels says: September 23, 2009 at 4:07 pm Doesn’t anybody want to hold his hand?
  • Sgt. Creepy’s « Pundit Kitchen: Lol News and Lol Sarah Palin, Barack Obama, John McCain, Joe Biden and more 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC punditkitchen.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Now we have to fight to build our own power."^ Now we have to fight to build our own power."
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, resentment of the regime grew as it became clear that power now lay mainly with the Sirtica tribes, especially Gaddafi's own clan, the Qadhadhfa.
  • Libya - People 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC dev.prenhall.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[67]

UN General Assembly speech

.On 23 September 2009, Colonel Gaddafi addressed the 64th session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York, his first visit to the United States, in part because a Libyan diplomat, Ali Treki, has just become president of the General Assembly for 2009-10.[68] Gaddafi spoke for one hour and 36 minutes.^ Mustafa Ali - 10 August, 2009 .
  • Libya: News and Views - Letters ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء : رسائل 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: General]

^ September 27, 2009 10:44 AM .
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi: Not a bad speech : Greg Laden's Blog 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ September 23, 2009 10:21 PM .
  • Muammar al-Gaddafi: Not a bad speech : Greg Laden's Blog 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

[69]
.A translation of the speech courtesy of Jamahiriya News Agency (JANA) the official Libyan news agency, is available here.^ A translation of the speech courtesy of Jamahiriya News Agency (JANA) the official Libyan news agency, is available here.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to a report by Vietnam News Agency (VNA), prior to the appointment, Bishari served as the Secretary of the Libyan Embassy in Indonesia.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ Still, we’re the official wards of a Libyan tour agency.
  • Kira Salak: Rediscovering Libya 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.kirasalak.com [Source type: Original source]

[70]
.Gaddafi spoke in favor of the preamble to the United Nations Charter, but rejected several provisions of the rest of the Charter; and criticized the United Nations for failing to prevent 65 wars, and invited the General Assembly to investigate the wars that the Security Council had not authorized, and for those responsible to be brought before the International Criminal Court.^ Gaddafi spoke in favor of the preamble to the United Nations Charter , but rejected several provisions of the rest of the Charter; and criticized the United Nations for failing to prevent 65 wars, and invited the General Assembly to investigate the wars that the Security Council had not authorized, and for those responsible to be brought before the International Criminal Court .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following Colonel Gaddafi's speech, in which he criticized the UN Security Council (UNSC) calling it the "Terror Council", [ 58 ] Gaddafi failed to attend a special Security Council heads-of-state meeting on 24 September 2009, when a resolution calling for a reduction in the number of nuclear weapons was passed unanimously.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Libyan leader while demanding representation for the African Union, used the occasion to scold the United Nations structure saying the 15-member body practised “security feudalism” for those who had a protected seat.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Following Colonel Gaddafi's speech, in which he criticized the UN Security Council (UNSC) calling it the "Terror Council",[71] Gaddafi failed to attend a special Security Council heads-of-state meeting on 24 September 2009, when a resolution calling for a reduction in the number of nuclear weapons was passed unanimously.^ Following Colonel Gaddafi's speech, in which he criticized the UN Security Council (UNSC) calling it the "Terror Council", [ 58 ] Gaddafi failed to attend a special Security Council heads-of-state meeting on 24 September 2009, when a resolution calling for a reduction in the number of nuclear weapons was passed unanimously.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ UN Security Council (145) .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

^ Burkina Faso on the UN security council.
  • UN rewards nice dictator | Herald Sun Andrew Bolt Blog 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC blogs.news.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[72]
.Gaddafi expressed he believes the UN General Assembly should be the parliament of the world.^ UN General Assembly speech .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Democracy requires voters with good values to work, and the reality is that General Assembly UN voters are mostly tyrants supporting each other, while oppressing their own people..
  • UN rewards nice dictator | Herald Sun Andrew Bolt Blog 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC blogs.news.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ September 23, 2009 marked Gaddafi's first appearance at the United Nations General Assembly where he addressed world leaders at the annual gathering in New York.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He also expressed support of a one state solution for Palestine and Israel.^ We will go for a one-state solution… there’s no other solution,” he told news agencies on Thursday.
  • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

^ The name of Palestine,” he wrote, “was only replaced after the establishment of what was called the State of Israel.” .
  • Welcome to the official site of Muammar Al Gathafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.algathafi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Any situation which keeps the majority of Palestinians in refugee camps and does not offer an honorable solution within the historical borders of Israel/Palestine is no solution at all.
  • Welcome to the official site of Muammar Al Gathafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.algathafi.org [Source type: Original source]

Disappearance of Imam Musa al-Sadr

.In August 1978, the Lebanese Shia leader Musa al-Sadr and two companions departed for Libya to meet with government officials.^ Disappearance of Imam Musa al-Sadr .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In August 1978, the Lebanese Shia leader Musa al-Sadr and two companions departed for Libya to meet with government officials.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lebanese Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri claimed that the Libyan regime, and particularly the Libyan leader, were responsible for the disappearance of Imam Musa Sadr, London-based Asharq Al-Awsat , a Saudi-run pan-Arab daily reported on 27 August 2006.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They were never heard of again.^ They were never heard of again.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the time, Musa al-Sadr founded Amal Movement, a liberal-Shia Lebanese resistance movement (which later went on to oppose the Israeli invasion of Lebanon).^ At the time, Musa al-Sadr founded Amal Movement , a liberal-Shia Lebanese resistance movement (which later went on to oppose the Israeli invasion of Lebanon).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Disappearance of Imam Musa al-Sadr .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However Amal Movement became powerful much to the annoyance of the PLO which was based primarily in south Lebanon.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However Amal Movement became powerful much to the annoyance of the PLO which was based primarily in south Lebanon.^ However Amal Movement became powerful much to the annoyance of the PLO which was based primarily in south Lebanon.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the time, Musa al-Sadr founded Amal Movement , a liberal-Shia Lebanese resistance movement (which later went on to oppose the Israeli invasion of Lebanon).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Libya has consistently denied responsibility, claiming that al-Sadr and his companions left Libya for Italy.^ Libya has consistently denied responsibility, claiming that al-Ṣadr and his companions left Libya for Italy .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2006, after sharply criticizing his father's regime, Saif Al Islam briefly left Libya, reportedly to take on a position in banking outside of the country.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When asked if the first response by Libya is a "no", Saif al-Islam said "certainly", specifying that "whoever knocks on our door can go to court".
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

.Some others have reported that he remains secretly in jail in Libya.^ Some others have reported that he remains secretly in jail in Libya.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reports say his early release could be granted on humanitarian grounds to allow him to spend his remaining days with family back in Libya.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ Reports say that the Libyan guarding forces of the prison had opened fire to the jailed Somalis in Banghazi prison in Banghazi town in Libya after the Somalis tried to escape from the jail killing more than 20, wounding 50 others who were all in the custody.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

.Al-Sadr's disappearance continues to be a major dispute between Lebanon and Libya.^ Disappearance of Imam Musa al-Sadr .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Al-Ṣadr's disappearance continues to be a major dispute between Lebanon and Libya.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But tension between the two countries has continued, especially over Libya's detention of two Swiss businessmen for alleged immigration violations a day after Gadhafi returned home.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

Lebanese Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri claimed that the Libyan regime, and particularly the Libyan leader, were responsible for the disappearance of Imam Musa Sadr, London-based Asharq Al-Awsat, a Saudi-run pan-Arab daily reported on 27 August 2006.
.According to Iranian General Mansour Qadar, the then head of Syrian security, Rifaat al-Assad, told the Iranian ambassador to Syria that Gaddafi was planning to kill al-Sadr.^ According to Iranian General Mansour Qadar, the then head of Syrian security, Rifaat al-Assad , told the Iranian ambassador to Syria that Gaddafi was planning to kill al-Ṣadr.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaddafi forgave Moatessem and he returned to Libya where he now holds the post of national security adviser and heads his own unit within the army.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 27 August 2008, Gaddafi was indicted by the government of Lebanon for al-Sadr's disappearance.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On 27 August 2008, Gaddafi was indicted in Lebanon for al-Sadr's disappearance.^ On 27 August 2008, Gaddafi was indicted by the government of Lebanon for al-Sadr's disappearance.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Disappearance of Imam Musa al-Sadr .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Al-Hairan - 27 August, 2009 .
  • Libya: News and Views - Letters ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء : رسائل 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: General]

[73]

Internal dissent

.In October 1993, there was an unsuccessful assassination attempt on Gaddafi by elements of the Libyan army.^ In October 1993, there was an unsuccessful assassination attempt on Gaddafi by elements of the Libyan army.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite Gaddafi's attempts to restore his international reputation, human rights groups say he has failed to grant Libyans greater freedoms and rights.
  • World News Australia - Gaddafi designs a car 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.sbs.com.au [Source type: News]

^ Gaddafi's fourth son, Moatessem-Billah Gaddafi , was a Lieutenant Colonel in the Libyan army.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On 14 July 1996, bloody riots followed a football match in Tripoli organised by Gaddafi's son, as a protest against Gaddafi.^ On 14 July 1996, bloody riots followed a football match in Tripoli organised by Gaddafi's son , as a protest against Gaddafi.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The two men were caught up in a spat between Libya and Switzerland following the arrest last summer of Gaddafi's son.
  • World News Australia - Gaddafi designs a car 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.sbs.com.au [Source type: News]

^ On July 15, 2008, Swiss authorities arrested Gaddafi's son Hannibal and his wife at a Geneva hotel for beating their two domestic employees.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

There are a number of political groups opposed to Gaddafi:
.A website, actively seeking his overthrow, was set up in 2006 and lists 343 victims of murder and political assassination.^ National Conference of the Libyan Opposition National Front for the Salvation of Libya Committee for Libyan National Action in Europe A website, actively seeking his overthrow, was set up in 2006 and lists 343 victims of murder and political assassination.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[74] .The Libyan League for Human Rights (LLHR) – based in Geneva – petitioned Gaddafi to set up an independent inquiry into the February 2006 unrest in Benghazi in which some 30 Libyans and foreigners were killed.^ The Libyan League for Human Rights (LLHR) – based in Geneva – petitioned Gaddafi to set up an independent inquiry into the February 2006 unrest in Benghazi in which some 30 Libyans and foreigners were killed.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite Gaddafi's attempts to restore his international reputation, human rights groups say he has failed to grant Libyans greater freedoms and rights.
  • World News Australia - Gaddafi designs a car 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.sbs.com.au [Source type: News]

^ Geneva police briefly detained Hannibal Gaddafi and his wife in a luxury hotel for allegedly beating up two of their servants.
  • World News Australia - Gaddafi designs a car 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.sbs.com.au [Source type: News]

.Fathi Eljahmi was a prominent dissident who has been imprisoned since 2002 for calling for increased democratization in Libya.^ Fathi Eljahmi was a prominent dissident who has been imprisoned since 2002 for calling for increased democratization in Libya.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two Swiss businessmen who were in Libya at the time have, ever since, been denied permission to leave the country, and even held hostage for some time.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He is also the longest-serving ruler of Libya since Ali Pasha Al Karamanli , who ruled between 1754 and 1795.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Public works projects

Great Manmade River

.The Great Manmade River is a network of pipes that supplies 6,500,000 m³ of fresh water per day from beneath the Sahara Desert, from the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System fossil aquifer, to the cities in the north of Libya, including Tripoli, Benghazi and Sirt.^ Main article: Great Manmade River The Great Manmade River is a network of pipes that supplies 6,500,000 m³ of fresh water per day from beneath the Sahara Desert , from the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System fossil aquifer , to the cities in the north of Libya, including Tripoli , Benghazi and Sirt .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tripoli and Benghazi are the two largest cities in Libya.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ In retaliation Reagan bombed Libya’s two largest cities, Tripoli and Benghazi, which only upped the animosity between the two countries.
  • Kira Salak: Rediscovering Libya 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.kirasalak.com [Source type: Original source]

[75] .The project consists of more than 1,300 wells, most more than 500 m deep.^ The project consists of more than 1,300 wells, most more than 500 m deep .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Which, incidentally, was more than the US ever did to the Iranians for the loss of their airliner with 300 aboard).
  • Lockerbie release: Gordon Brown should tell us what he said to Colonel Gaddafi - Telegraph 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Most experts agree (not the protectionists) that there is more oil and natural gas reserves in the US and off shore than all of the Middle East...."
  • vt.Buzz ~ a political blog: Disagreeing with the senator from Vt. 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.burlingtonfreepress.com [Source type: General]

.According to the 2008 edition of Guinness Book of Records, it is the world's largest irrigation project.^ According to the 2008 edition of Guinness Book of Records , it is the world's largest irrigation project.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.Construction on the first phase started in 1984, and cost about $5 billion.^ Construction on the first phase started in 1984, and cost about $5 billion.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Well, the first thing you need to know about them is that they were started by a protege of Louis Farrakhan named Khalid Abdul Muhammad.
  • Will Obama Deny Knowing the New Black Panthers? : NO QUARTER 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.noquarterusa.net [Source type: General]

.The completed project may total $25 billion.^ The completed project may total $25 billion.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Muammar al-Gaddafi has described it as the "Eighth Wonder of the World" and presented the project as a gift to the Third World.^ Muammar al Gaddafi (de,hr) .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

^ Muammar Al Gaddafi (de,ms) .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

^ Wer ist Muammar al Gaddafi?
  • Wer ist Muammar al Gaddafi? 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.tagesspiegel.de [Source type: Academic]

[citation needed]

Astronomical observatory

.The Libyan National Telescope Project, costing nearly 10 million euros, was ordered by Muammar al-Gaddafi, who has a passionate interest in astronomy.^ Muammar al Gaddafi (de,hr) .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

^ Muammar al Gaddafi .
  • You Say Qaddafi, I Say Gaddafi by The Globalist - The Globalist 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.theglobalist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Muammar al-Gaddafi.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The robotic telescope, which will be two metres in diameter and remote-controlled, will be built by France's REOSC,[76] the optical department of the SAGEM Group.^ The robotic telescope, which will be two metres in diameter and remote-controlled, will be built by France 's REOSC [ 63 ] , the optical department of the SAGEM Group .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It will be housed in an air-conditioned building, with a network of four weather stations deployed at a distance of 10 kilometers around it to warn of impending sandstorms that could damage its fragile optics.^ It will be housed in an air-conditioned building, with a network of four weather stations deployed at a distance of 10 kilometers around it to warn of impending sandstorms that could damage its fragile optics .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[77] .A desert site at 2200 meters above sea level near Kufra may be chosen as the location for the observatory, which will be North Africa's largest astronomical observatory.^ A desert site at 2200 meters above sea level near Kufra may be chosen as the location for the observatory, which will be North Africa 's largest astronomical observatory .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Personal life and family

.Gaddafi has eight children, seven of them sons.^ Gaddafi has eight children, seven of them sons.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[78] .His eldest son, Muhammad al-Gaddafi, was born to a wife now in disfavour, but runs the Libyan Olympic Committee.^ His eldest son, Muhammad al-Gaddafi , was born to a wife now in disfavour, but runs the Libyan Olympic Committee.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Taylor was elected as President in 1997, after leading a bloody insurgency backed by Libyan President Muammar al-Gaddafi .
  • Liberia Information & Liberia Links at HealthHaven.com 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Libyan National Telescope Project, costing nearly 10 million euros , was ordered by Muammar al-Gaddafi, who has a passionate interest in astronomy .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The next eldest son by his second wife is Saif al-Islam Muammar Al-Gaddafi, who was born in 1972 and is an architect.^ Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi (205) .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

^ The next eldest son by his second wife is Saif al-Islam Muammar Al-Gaddafi , who was born in 1972 and is an architect.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Muammar al Gaddafi (de,hr) .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

.He runs a charity (GIFCA) which has been involved in negotiating freedom for hostages taken by Islamic militants, especially in the Philippines.^ He runs a charity ( GIFCA ) which has been involved in negotiating freedom for hostages taken by Islamic militants, especially in the Philippines .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2006, after sharply criticizing his father's regime, Saif Al Islam briefly left Libya, reportedly to take on a position in banking outside of the country.^ Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi (205) .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

^ Less than a fortnight later a flight laid on by the Libyan leader’s son, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, brought representatives from British businesses.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ In an exclusive interview with Aljazeera.net on Thursday, Saif al-Islam described the recent news reports as malicious rumours being spread by “some Arab countries” to spite Libya because of his country’s latest political successes (in breaking its international isolation).
  • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

.He returned to Libya soon after, launching an environment-friendly initiative to teach children how they can help clean up parts of Libya.^ He returned to Libya soon after, launching an environment-friendly initiative to teach children how they can help clean up parts of Libya.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have come to Libya, in part, to follow his trail, to see how he accomplished such a difficult feat.
  • Kira Salak: Rediscovering Libya 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.kirasalak.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Magdy and the others see me and Bobby safely returned, they smile and let up a cheer.
  • Kira Salak: Rediscovering Libya 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.kirasalak.com [Source type: Original source]

.He is involved in compensation negotiations with Italy and the United States.^ He is involved in compensation negotiations with Italy and the United States .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The third eldest, Saadi Gaddafi, is married to the daughter of a military commander.^ The third eldest, Saadi Gaddafi , is married to the daughter of a military commander.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saadi runs the Libyan Football Federation and signed for various professional teams including Italian Serie A team U.C. Sampdoria, although without appearing in first team games.^ Saadi runs the Libyan Football Federation and signed for various professional teams including Italian Serie A team U.C. Sampdoria , although without appearing in first team games.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The exercises were "planned as part of the Italian and Libyan agreement signed a year ago", the minister added, referring to a friendship accord between the countries.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

.Gaddafi's fourth son, Moatassem-Billah Gaddafi, was a Lieutenant Colonel in the Libyan army.^ Gaddafi's fourth son, Moatessem-Billah Gaddafi , was a Lieutenant Colonel in the Libyan army.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Less than a fortnight later a flight laid on by the Libyan leader’s son, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, brought representatives from British businesses.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ The hero's welcome he received in Libya, not least from Colonel Muammar Gaddafi's son and heir, Seif Gaddafi, was in every sense an obscenity.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

.He now serves as Libya's National Security Advisor, in which capacity he oversees the nation's National Security Council.^ If a nation-state is not willing to grant a free and fair vote to its people, why should it get a vote at the UN General Assembly, let alone the UN Security Council?
  • UN rewards nice dictator | Herald Sun Andrew Bolt Blog 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC blogs.news.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The best Col Gaddafi can now hope for is fleeting exchange edge on the edge of an extraordinary United Nations Security Council meeting that both leaders are expected to attend.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ Gaddafi forgave Moatessem and he returned to Libya where he now holds the post of national security adviser and heads his own unit within the army.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saif Al Islam and Moatessem-Billah are both seen as possible successors to their father.^ Saif Al Islam and Moatessem-Billah are both seen as possible successors to their father.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi (205) .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

^ "Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi v.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The fifth eldest, Hannibal Gaddafi (who is often incorrectly confused with his brother Moatassem),[79] once worked for General National Maritime Transport Company, a company that specializes in Libyan oil exports.^ General National Maritime Transport Company, which owns a large refinery in Switzerland, also halted oil shipments to Switzerland.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fifth eldest, Motassim Bilal (Hannibal) Gaddafi [ 67 ] , once worked for General National Maritime Transport Company, a company that specializes in Libyan oil exports.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In December 1981, the US State Department invalidated US passports for travel to Libya, and in March 1982, the U.S. declared a ban on the import of Libyan oil [ 9 ] and the export to Libya of U.S. oil industry technology; European nations did not follow suit.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He is most notable for being involved in a series of violent incidents throughout Europe.^ He is most notable for being involved in a series of violent incidents throughout Europe.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ DAILY MAIL: The most violent country in Europe: Britain is also worse than South Africa and U.S. .
  • Boycott Scotland and the United Kingdom 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.boycottscotland.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 2001, Hannibal attacked three Italian policemen with a fire extinguisher; in September 2004, he was briefly detained in Paris after driving a Porsche at 90 mph in the wrong direction and through red lights down the Champs-Élysées while intoxicated; and in 2005, Hannibal in Paris allegedly beat model and then girlfriend Alin Skaf, who later filed an assault suit against him.^ In 2001, Hannibal attacked three Italian policemen with a fire extinguisher; in September 2004, he was briefly detained in Paris after driving a Porsche at 90 mph in the wrong direction and through red lights down the Champs-Élysées while intoxicated; and in 2005, Hannibal in Paris allegedly beat model and then girlfriend Alin Skaf, who later filed an assault suit against him.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Swiss-Libyan relations soured after Geneva police briefly detained Hannibal Gadhafi and his wife on July 25, 2008 in a luxury hotel for allegedly beating up two of their servants.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ "In the more than three years since the control order was imposed on A.F., the essence of the case against him has remained entirely undisclosed," Richmond said.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

[80] .He was fined and given a four month suspended prison sentence after this incident.^ He was fined and given a four month suspended prison sentence after this incident.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On September 2, 2003 the Israeli court sentenced her to 17 months in actual prison.
  • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

In December 2009 police were called to Claridges Hotel in London after staff heard a scream from Hannibal's room. .Aline Skaf, now his wife, was found to have suffered facial injuries including a broken nose, but charges were not pressed after she maintained she had sustained the injuries in a fall.^ Aline Skaf, now his wife, was found to have suffered facial injuries including a broken nose, but charges were not pressed after she maintained she had sustained the injuries in a fall [ 69 ] .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[81]
.On 15 July 2008, Hannibal and his wife were held for two days and charged with assaulting two of their staff in Geneva, Switzerland and then released on bail on 17 July.^ On 15 July 2008, Hannibal and his wife were held for two days and charged with assaulting two of their staff in Geneva , Switzerland and then released on bail on 17 July.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The two were released on bail three days later and returned to Libya.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ PM, June 17, 2008   Ask Daniel Pearl's wife or Eugene Armstrong's family if they got a fair trial before their heads were cut off.
  • vt.Buzz ~ a political blog: Disagreeing with the senator from Vt. 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.burlingtonfreepress.com [Source type: General]

.The government of Libya subsequently put a boycott on Swiss imports, reduced flights between Libya and Switzerland, stopped issuing visas to Swiss citizens, recalled diplomats from Bern, and forced all Swiss companies such as ABB and Nestlé to close offices.^ The government of Libya subsequently put a boycott on Swiss imports, reduced flights between Libya and Switzerland, stopped issuing visas to Swiss citizens, recalled diplomats from Bern , and forced all Swiss companies such as ABB and Nestlé to close offices.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thursday, 27 August, 2009: Two Swiss citizens detained for more than a year in Libya have been granted exit visas, nearly a week after a controversial diplomatic mission by Switzerland's president.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ From the very beginning we have advocated the boycott of British Petroleum and other major British companies that have been lobbying for closer trade relations with Libya.
  • Boycott Scotland and the United Kingdom 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.boycottscotland.com [Source type: Original source]

.General National Maritime Transport Company, which owns a large refinery in Switzerland, also halted oil shipments to Switzerland.^ General National Maritime Transport Company, which owns a large refinery in Switzerland, also halted oil shipments to Switzerland.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fifth eldest, Motassim Bilal (Hannibal) Gaddafi [ 67 ] , once worked for General National Maritime Transport Company, a company that specializes in Libyan oil exports.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sunday, 9 August, 2009: LIBYA’s national oil company and two billionaire Indian brothers are among the contenders to buy Britain’s second-largest oil refinery.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

[82] .Two Swiss businessmen who were in Libya at the time have, ever since, been denied permission to leave the country, and even held hostage for some time.^ Two Swiss businessmen who were in Libya at the time have, ever since, been denied permission to leave the country, and even held hostage for some time.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But tension between the two countries has continued, especially over Libya's detention of two Swiss businessmen for alleged immigration violations a day after Gadhafi returned home.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ Wednesday, 12 August, 2009: Nigerians in the diaspora inundated their country's news websites with e-mail petitions against the probable execution of some 220 Nigerian youths in Libya, who have been accused of illegal entry.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

[83] .(see Switzerland-Libya conflict).^ Switzerland-Libya conflict ).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the 35th G8 summit in July 2009, Gaddafi called Switzerland a "world mafia" and called for the country to be split between France, Germany and Italy.^ At the 35th G8 summit in July 2009, Gaddafi called Switzerland a "world mafia" and called for the country to be split between France, Germany and Italy.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In September 2009, at a South America - Africa summit on Isla Margarita in Venezuela , Colonel Gaddafi joined the host, Hugo Chávez , in calling for an "anti-imperialist" front across Africa and Latin America .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thursday, 10 September, 2009: THERE can be few more odious ruling families in the world than the Gaddafis of Libya.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

[84]
.Gaddafi's two youngest sons are Saif Al Arab and Khamis, who is a police officer in Libya.^ Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi (205) .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

^ Gadhafi, who was involved in the negotiations for the prisoner release deal, accompanied al Megrahi back to Libya last month after he was freed from a Scottish prison on compassionate grounds.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ Al-Megrahi, 57, who is dying of prostate cancer, was greeted by cheering crowds on his return to Libya on Aug.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

.Gaddafi's only daughter is Ayesha al-Gaddafi, a lawyer who had joined the defense team of executed former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein.^ Gaddafi's only daughter is Ayesha al-Gaddafi , a lawyer who had joined the defense team of executed former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Libyan National Telescope Project, costing nearly 10 million euros , was ordered by Muammar al-Gaddafi, who has a passionate interest in astronomy .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following the attacks of 11 September, Gaddafi made one of the first, and firmest, denunciations of the Al-Qaeda bombers by any Muslim leader.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

She married a cousin of her father in 2006.
.His adopted daughter, Hanna, was killed in the April 1986 United States bombing of Libya.^ His adopted daughter, Hanna, was killed in the April 1986 United States bombing of Libya .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 15 April 1986, Ronald Reagan ordered major bombing raids, dubbed Operation El Dorado Canyon , against Tripoli and Benghazi killing 45 Libyan military and government personnel as well as 15 civilians.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The IRA's relationship with Tripoli intensified in the 1980s, particularly after 1986 when American planes, stationed in the UK, took part in a bombing raid on Libya.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

At a "concert for peace", held on 15 April 2006 in Tripoli to mark the 20th anniversary of the bombing raid, U.S. singer Lionel Richie told the audience:
"Hanna will be honoured tonight because of the fact that you've attached peace to her name."[85]
.In January 2002, Gaddafi purchased a 7.5% share of Italian football club Juventus for USD 21 million, through Lafico ("Libyan Arab Foreign Investment Company").^ In January 2002, Gaddafi purchased a 7.5% share of Italian football club Juventus for USD 21 million, through Lafico (" Libyan Arab Foreign Investment Company ").
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Libyan National Telescope Project, costing nearly 10 million euros , was ordered by Muammar al-Gaddafi, who has a passionate interest in astronomy .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In exchange, Libya will take measures to combat illegal immigration coming from its shores and boost investments in Italian companies.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This followed a long-standing association with the Italian industrialist Gianni Agnelli and car manufacturer Fiat.^ This followed a long-standing association with the Italian industrialist Gianni Agnelli and car manufacturer Fiat .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[86]
.Gaddafi holds an honorary degree from Megatrend University in Belgrade conferred on him by former Yugoslav President Zoran Lilić.^ She has received seven Honorary Doctorate degrees from universities around the world and is founder and chief supporter of Measuagoon, a community development NGO in Liberia.
  • Liberia Information & Liberia Links at HealthHaven.com 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[87]

Quotes

  • "God damn America" – Time magazine, April 2, 1973[88]
  • "Israel is a colonialist-imperialist phenomenon. .There is no such thing as an Israeli people.^ There is no such thing as an Israeli people.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There has been no official confirmation of such a move, but Scottish Justice Secretary Kenny MacAskill says he is considering the issue.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ I can assure you there was no such thing,'' presidential spokesman Olusegun Adeniyi said Thursday.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    .Before 1948, world geography knew of no state such as Israel.^ Before 1948, world geography knew of no state such as Israel.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Israel is the result of an invasion, of aggression."[89]
  • .
  • "The statements of our Kenyan brother of American nationality, Obama, on Jerusalem ...^ "The statements of our Kenyan brother of American nationality, Obama, on Jerusalem ...
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    show that he either ignores international politics and did not study the .Middle East conflict or that it [Barack Obama's expression of solidarity with Israel] is a campaign lie.^ Middle East conflict or that it [Barack Obama's expression of solidarity with Israel] is a campaign lie.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Conflict in the Middle East would then end.
    • Welcome to the official site of Muammar Al Gathafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.algathafi.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A line in the sand: Barack Obamas treachery in the Middle East .
    • Pussycat > Palestine > Redress Information & Analysis 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.redress.cc [Source type: Original source]

    .We fear that Obama will feel that, because he is black with an inferiority complex, this will make him behave worse than the whites.^ We fear that Obama will feel that, because he is black with an inferiority complex, this will make him behave worse than the whites.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ We tell him to be proud of himself as a black and feel that all Africa is behind him."
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Obama’s skin makes him uniquely qualified for president and even reach out to the moderate Islam world .
    • Will Obama Deny Knowing the New Black Panthers? : NO QUARTER 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.noquarterusa.net [Source type: General]

    This will be a tragedy. We tell him to be proud of himself as a black and feel that all Africa is behind him."[90]
  • .
  • "The black people’s struggle has vanquished racism.^ "The black people’s struggle has vanquished racism.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It was God who created colour.^ It was God who created colour.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Today Obama, a son of Kenya, a son of Africa, has made it in the United States of America."^ Today Obama, a son of Kenya, a son of Africa, has made it in the United States of America."
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But with the United States holding the rotating presidency of the UN Security Council and with the US president, Barack Obama, chairing a summit on nuclear weapons sparks could fly.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ In this clash between the national interests of the United States and the government of Israel and its America fans, the Israeli side won.
    • Pussycat > Palestine > Redress Information & Analysis 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.redress.cc [Source type: Original source]

    [91]
  • .
  • "It is a response to greedy Western nations, who invade and exploit Somalia’s water resources illegally.^ "It is a response to greedy Western nations, who invade and exploit Somalia’s water resources illegally.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In May, the supposedly reformed Khadafy said that such piracy is not piracy at all, but "self-defense" against "greedy Western nations."
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    .It is not a piracy, it is self defence.^ It is not a piracy , it is self defence.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It is defending the Somalia children’s food.^ It is defending the Somalia children’s food.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "It is defending the Somalia children's food," Khadafy said.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    .If they (Western nations) do not want to live with us fairly, it is our planet and they can go to other planet."^ "They" want us all dead.
    • Change of Subject: Where noble sacrifice meets senseless tragedy 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC blogs.chicagotribune.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Why do they want to kill us?
    • Change of Subject: Where noble sacrifice meets senseless tragedy 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC blogs.chicagotribune.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If they (Western nations) do not want to live with us fairly, it is our planet and they can go to other planet."
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [92]
  • .
  • "I am an international leader, the dean of the Arab rulers, the king of kings of Africa and the imam (leader) of Muslims, and my international status does not allow me to descend to a lower level."^ I am the king of African kings, Imam of the Muslims, leader of the nations and the rock of Arab leaders, .
    • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

    [93]
  • .
  • "There are signs that Allah will grant Islam victory in Europe - without swords, without guns, without conquests.^ "There are signs that Allah will grant Islam victory in Europe - without swords, without guns, without conquests.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The 50 million Muslims of Europe will turn it into a Muslim continent within a few decades."^ The 50 million Muslims of Europe will turn it into a Muslim continent within a few decades."
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [94][95]
  • "Any Muslim in any part of the world who works with Switzerland is an apostate -- is against Muhammad, God and the Quran," [96]

Name

.Because of the lack of standardization of transliterating written and regionally pronounced Arabic, Gaddafi's name has been transliterated in many different ways into English and other Latin alphabet languages.^ Because of the lack of standardization of transliterating written and regionally pronounced Arabic , Gaddafi's name has been transliterated in many different ways into English and other Latin alphabet languages.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In standard Arabic the name معمر القذافي‎ ( مُـعَـمَّـرُ الـقَـذافـي‎ with all vowels and elongation) is pronounced in IPA : /mu'ʕam:aru l‎qa'ða:fi/.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two states would come into conflict, because the land of each, they believe, forms part of the land of the other, and each statelet would feel threatened by the other party.
  • Welcome to the official site of Muammar Al Gathafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.algathafi.org [Source type: Original source]

Even though the Arabic spelling of a word does not change, the pronunciation may vary in different varieties of Arabic, which may cause a different romanization. .In standard Arabic the name معمر القذافي‎ (مُـعَـمَّـرُ الـقَـذافـي‎ with all vowels and elongation) is pronounced in IPA: [muˈʕamːaru l‎qaˈðaːfi].^ In standard Arabic the name معمر القذافي‎ ( مُـعَـمَّـرُ الـقَـذافـي‎ with all vowels and elongation) is pronounced in IPA : /mu'ʕam:aru l‎qa'ða:fi/.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because of the lack of standardization of transliterating written and regionally pronounced Arabic , Gaddafi's name has been transliterated in many different ways into English and other Latin alphabet languages.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Here /ʕ/ represents a pharyngeal sound (ع), not present in English. The second /m/ is geminated (doubled). .In spoken Libyan Arabic the voiceless uvular plosive /q/ (ق) may be replaced with /g/ or /k/; and /ð/ (ذ) (same as English "th" in "this") may be replaced with simple /d/.^ Vowel /u/ may alternate with /o/ in spoken Arabic.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In spoken Libyan Arabic voiceless uvular plosive /q/ (ق) may be replaced with /g/ or /k/; and /ð/ (ذ) (same as English "th" in "this" ) may be replaced with simple /d/.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Vowel /u/ may alternate with /o/ in spoken Arabic.^ Vowel /u/ may alternate with /o/ in spoken Arabic.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In spoken Libyan Arabic voiceless uvular plosive /q/ (ق) may be replaced with /g/ or /k/; and /ð/ (ذ) (same as English "th" in "this" ) may be replaced with simple /d/.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Case endings are dropped: /muˈʕamːaru/ -> /muˈʕamːar/).^ Case endings are dropped (/mu'ʕam:aru/ -> /mu'ʕam:ar/).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Thus, /muˈʕamːaru l‎qaˈðaːfi/ may be pronounced as /moˈʕamːar al‎gaˈdaːfi/ colloquially. .The definite article al- (ال) is often omitted.^ The definite article al- (ال) is often omitted.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Here, the initial /a/ is silent because of the preceding /u/.^ Here, the initial /a/ is silent because of the preceding /u/.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An article published in the London Evening Standard in 2004 lists a total of 37 spellings of his name, while a 1986 column by The Straight Dope quotes a list of 32 spellings known at the Library of Congress.^ An article published in the London Evening Standard in 2004 lists a total of 37 spellings of his name, while a 1986 column by The Straight Dope quotes a list of 32 spellings known at the Library of Congress .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[97] .This extensive confusion of naming was used as the subject for a segment of Saturday Night Live's Weekend Update in the early 1980s.^ This extensive confusion of naming was used as the subject for a segment of Saturday Night Live 's Weekend Update in the early 1980s.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
."Muammar Gaddafi" is the spelling used by Time magazine, BBC News, the majority of the British press and by the English service of Al-Jazeera.^ The British government has denied it put pressure on Scotland’s devolved government over Megrahi in the interest of better ties with Libya and its leader Muammar Gaddafi.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

^ He accompanied Farrakhan on fund-raising trips to Libya, where he became well acquainted with Muammar al-Gaddafi.
  • Will Obama Deny Knowing the New Black Panthers? : NO QUARTER 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.noquarterusa.net [Source type: General]

^ Palmer had been head of entertainment for Al Jazeera English, creating such shows as film programme The Fabulous Picture Show.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

[98] .The Associated Press, CNN, and Fox News use "Moammar Gadhafi". The Edinburgh Middle East Report uses "Mu'ammar Qaddafi" and the U.S. Department of State uses "Mu'ammar Al-Qadhafi". The Xinhua News Agency uses "Muammar Khaddafi" in its English reports.^ We will go for a one-state solution… there’s no other solution,” he told news agencies on Thursday.
  • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

^ In 1986, Gaddafi reportedly responded to a Minnesota school's letter in English using the spelling "Moammar El-Gadhafi".
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi proclaimed last month that Libya would rid itself of outlawed weapons, praise has been pouring in from world capitals, the Libyan press reports every day.
  • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

[99]
In 1986, Gaddafi reportedly responded to a Minnesota school's letter in English using the spelling "Moammar El-Gadhafi".[100] The title of the homepage of algathafi.org reads "Welcome to the official site of Muammar Al Gathafi".[101]

The show

.In September 2006, at the ENO in London, the UK-based electronic band Asian Dub Foundation created and did six performances of a show commissioned by Channel 4 and based on Gaddafi's story, called "Gaddafi: A Living Myth". The title role was played by Ramon Tikaram.^ There is absolutely no evidence to substantiate, to prove that six million so-called Jews lost their lives in Nazi Germany…” .
  • Will Obama Deny Knowing the New Black Panthers? : NO QUARTER 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.noquarterusa.net [Source type: General]

^ Sunday, 23 August, 2009: Saif al-Islam Gaddafi continues to play a prominent role within Libya's political landscape.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

The book was by Shan Khan and the direction by David Freeman. .Although critics were generally unflattering in the English-speaking press, coverage in Muslim countries was more positive.^ English-speaking countries and territories .
  • Liberia Information & Liberia Links at HealthHaven.com 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is interesting to read reader reactions on Charles' main article that are generally more positive.
  • Charles Bremner - Times Online - WBLG: Is Colonel Gaddafi a Frenchman? 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC timescorrespondents.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

[102]

Postage stamps

.The Libyan Posts (GPTC General Posts and Telecommunications Company) released many postage issues (stamps, souvenir sheets, postal stationery, booklets, etc.^ BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES : Many people in Libya expect there will be a link between al Megrahi's release and prospects for British companies in Libya.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

) including the subject of .Muammar al-Gaddafi.^ Muammar al Gaddafi (de,hr) .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

^ Muammar al-Gaddafi.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Muammar Al Gaddafi (de,ms) .
  • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

.The first issue was a souvenir sheet celebrating the 6th Anniversary of the September Revolution in 1975 (ref.^ The first issue was a souvenir sheet celebrating the 6th Anniversary of the September Revolution in 1975 (ref.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Libyan Posts ( GPTC General Posts and Telecommunications Company ) released many postage issues (stamps, souvenir sheets , postal stationery , booklets, etc.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Omer al-Bashir will also attend celebrations of the 40th anniversary of the Libyan revolution.
  • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

.Scott catalogue n.583 – Michel catalogue block 18).^ Scott catalogue n.583 – Michel catalogue block 18).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[103]

See also

References

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  2. ^ US Department of State's Background Notes, (November 2005) "Libya - History", United States Department of State. Retrieved on 2006-07-14.
  3. ^ Charles Féraud, “Annales Tripolitaines”, the Arabic version named “Al Hawliyat Al Libiya”,translated to Arabic by Mohammed Abdel Karim El Wafi, Dar el Ferjani, Tripoli, Libya, vol. 3, p.797.
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  19. ^ "The Green Book, First Volume “The Solution of the Problem of Democracy”, Who Supervises the Conduct of Society?". Mathaba.net. http://www.mathaba.net/gci/theory/gb1.htm#society. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  20. ^ Facts on File 1980 Yearbook p353, 451
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  34. ^ Qaddafi Cancels Plans to Stay in New Jersey
  35. ^ Gadaffi's tent finds home on Donald Trump's estate M&G
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  47. ^ a b ":This article incorporates information from the Italian Wikipedia. Ratifica ed esecuzione del Trattato di amicizia, partenariato e cooperazione tra la Repubblica italiana e la Grande Giamahiria araba libica popolare socialista, fatto a Bengasi il 30 agosto 2008". Parliament of Italy. 2009-02-06. http://www.senato.it/parlam/leggi/09007l.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-10. 
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  95. ^ 12 juni 2009. "Al-Qaddafi: Islam taking over Europe - Victory within a Few Decades". YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i7ympF_grrA. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  96. ^ "Colonel Gaddafi: "mad dog"?". New Statesman. http://www.newstatesman.com/blogs/the-staggers/2010/02/switzerland-gaddafi-italy. 
  97. ^ The Straight Dope - Fighting Ignorance Since 1973 "How are you supposed to spell Muammar Gaddafi/Khadafy/Qadhafi?". The Straight Dope. 1986. http://www.straightdope.com/classics/a2_264b.html The Straight Dope - Fighting Ignorance Since 1973. Retrieved 2006-03-05. 
  98. ^ "Gaddafi in Moscow for arms talks". Al-Jazeera English. 2008. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/europe/2008/10/200810311533276303.html. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  99. ^ "Xinhuanet.com". News.xinhuanet.com. 2009-02-04. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-02/04/content_10764270.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  100. ^ "Second-Graders Get Letter From Khadafy." The Associated Press 16 May 1986: Domestic News.
  101. ^ "Gaddafi's personal website". Algathafi.org. http://www.algathafi.org/html-english/index.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  102. ^ see Charles T. Downey, Gaddafi: Failure or Triumph? (Ionarts, 18 September 2006).
  103. ^ "Libyan Stamps online". Libyan-stamps.com. http://www.libyan-stamps.com. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Position established
Leader and Guide of the Revolution of Libya
1969 – present
Incumbent
Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council of Libya
1969 – 1979
Succeeded by
Position dissolved
Preceded by
Mahmud Sulayman al-Maghribi
Prime Minister of Libya
1970 – 1972
Succeeded by
Abdessalam Jalloud
Preceded by
Position established
General Secretary of the General People's Congress of Libya
1977 – 1979
Succeeded by
Abdul Ati al-Obeidi
Preceded by
Jakaya Kikwete
Chairperson of the African Union
2009 – 2010
Succeeded by
Bingu wa Mutharika

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Muammar Gaddafi article)

From Wikiquote

Muammar Gaddafi (born c.1942) has been the de facto leader of Libya since 1969.

Contents

Sourced

Democracy

.
  • There is no state with a democracy except Libya on the whole planet.^ We will go for a one-state solution… there’s no other solution,” he told news agencies on Thursday.
    • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

    ^ There is no need to rush into diplomatic relations with Libya,” Prime Minister Ariel Sharon said yesterday to reporters at the Knesset.
    • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

    .
    • Speech to students at Columbia University (23 March 2006)
  • In the Middle East, the opposition is quite different than the opposition in advanced countries.^ Main article: Education in Liberia Students studying by candlelight in Bong County, Liberia The University of Liberia is the country's largest college and is located in Monrovia .
    • Liberia Information & Liberia Links at HealthHaven.com 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There is no point in asking for a WMD-free Middle East while there are countries parading missiles with a sign up the side saying Death to Israel.” .
    • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

    In our countries, the opposition takes the form of explosions, assassinations, killings.
    • Speech to students at Columbia University (23 March 2006)
  • This is genuine democracy, but realistically the strong always rule.
    • Clive Foss, The Tyrants: 2500 Years of Absolute Power and Corruption, London: Quercus Publishing, 2006, ISBN 1905204965, p. 179

Religion

.
  • There are serious mistakes, among them the one saying that Jesus came as a messenger for other people other than the sons of Israel.… Christianity is not a faith for people in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas.^ We will go for a one-state solution… there’s no other solution,” he told news agencies on Thursday.
    • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

    ^ One lived for less than an hour, the other for less than a day.
    • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

    ^ In fact, almost the only people who are not talking to each other are Israel and the Palestinians.
    • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

    .Other people who are not sons of Israel have nothing to do with that religion.… It is a mistake that another religion exists alongside Islam.^ It was the residence occupied by Golda Meir, author of the famous remark that “the Palestinian people do not exist” when she was Israel’s foreign minister.
    • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

    ^ In fact, almost the only people who are not talking to each other are Israel and the Palestinians.
    • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

    ^ The next eldest son by his second wife is Saif al-Islam Muammar Al-Gaddafi , who was born in 1972 and is an architect.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .There is only one religion which is Islam after Mohammed.… All those believers who do not follow Islam are losers.^ Switzerland, which shelters all multi-billion secret accounts, is spared while the mountains of Afghanistan and the poor who make their goats graze there are bombed, .
    • EMM News Explorer: Muammar Gaddafi 11 September 2009 9:47 UTC press.jrc.it [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Have your compassion for all those people who died," the mother of one victim said.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ "There is nothing like that, this is a typical racist classification made by those who can't accept free choice made by the individual once adult”.
    • Charles Bremner - Times Online - WBLG: Is Colonel Gaddafi a Frenchman? 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC timescorrespondents.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Sermon to a prayer meeting in Niger (30 March 2007), quoted in Salah Sarrar (2007-03-30) "Gaddafi says only Islam a universal religion" Reuters UK
  • There are signs that Allah will grant victory to Islam in Europe without swords, without guns, without conquest.^ "There are signs that Allah will grant Islam victory in Europe - without swords, without guns, without conquests.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ On 30 August 2008, Gaddafi and Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi signed a historic cooperation treaty in Benghazi .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Mr Blair became the first prime minister since Churchill to travel to Libya when he held his “Big Tent” meeting with Colonel Gaddafi in March 2004.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    we don't need terrorists, we don't need homicide bombers. .The 50+ million Muslims [in Europe] will turn it into a Muslim continent within a few decades.
  • "They have divided Islam into two Islams, and there came to be Shi'ite Islam and Sunni Islam.^ The 50 million Muslims of Europe will turn it into a Muslim continent within a few decades."
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Several hours later came the death of her sister, who was born a few minutes after they finally left the checkpoint, and who managed to reach the hospital alive.
    • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

    ^ "Finally, finally la Droite comes with a few humanist ideas, and there they go, all the Gauche raised as one against them!
    • Charles Bremner - Times Online - WBLG: Is Colonel Gaddafi a Frenchman? 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC timescorrespondents.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

    This is a forbidden innovation [bid'a]… When did Muhammad say: "I have brought you Shi'ite Islam and Sunni Islam?"... they have now begun to group the Arabs against Iran and Iran against the Arabs, and then Shi'ites against Sunnis and Sunnis against Shi'ites. I will not be a part of conspiracy that divides Islam into two, that is a conspiracy I cannot be a part of."

Pan-Arabism and Pan-Africanism

  • Libya is an African country. May Allah help the Arabs and keep them away from us. We don't want anything to do with them. They did not fight with us against the Italians, and they did not fight with us against the Americans. They did not lift the sanctions and siege from us....I won't be a party to a conspiracy to mobilize the Arabs against the Persians. Only the forces of colonialism benefit from such a conspiracy. I won't be a party to a conspiracy that splits Islam into two - Shiite Islam and Sunni Islam – mobilizing Sunni Islam against Shiite Islam. .
  • Africa is closer to me in every way than Iraq or Syria.^ The Libyan National Telescope Project, costing nearly 10 million euros , was ordered by Muammar al-Gaddafi, who has a passionate interest in astronomy .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Less than a fortnight later a flight laid on by the Libyan leader’s son, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, brought representatives from British businesses.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ They are calling on the Libyan leader to demonstrate the same compassion shown to Abdelbaset Ali Al Megrahi.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    .
    • (2001), as quoted in Gerald Butt (2001-02-06) "Analysis: Gaddafi's revolution" BBC News
  • The times of Arab nationalism and unity are gone forever.^ With respect to Libya's neighbors, Gaddafi followed Gamal Abdel Nasser 's ideas of pan-Arabism and became a fervent advocate of the unity of all Arab states into one Arab nation.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ September 23, 2009 marked Gaddafi's first appearance at the United Nations General Assembly where he addressed world leaders at the annual gathering in New York.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ After Nasser's death on 28 September 1970, Gaddafi attempted to take up the mantle of ideological leader of Arab nationalism.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    These ideas which mobilized the masses are only a worthless currency. Libya has had to put up with too much from the Arabs for whom it has poured forth both blood and money.
  • (2003), as quoted in Maria Rost Rublee (2009) Nonproliferation Norms

Terrorism

.
  • We believe America is practicing all kinds of terrorism against Libya.^ (UPI) - British Prime Minister Gordon Brown says the Lockerbie bomber's rousing reception in Libya was repulsive but he would still work with Libya against terrorism.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    Even the accusation that we are involved in terrorism is in itself an act of terrorism. .
  • I have nothing but scorn for the notion of an Islamic bomb.^ [If unable to access this page, go to: www.jerusalem-times.net- then enter or paste this address: www.jerusalem-times.net/article/news/details/detail.asp?id=4623 – Ed.
    • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

    ^ [If unable to access this page, go to: www.jerusalem-times.net – then enter or paste this address: www.jerusalem-times.net/article/news/details/detail.asp?id=4604 – Ed.
    • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

    ^ [If unable to access this page, go to: www.jerusalem-times.net- then enter or paste this address: www.jerusalem-times.net/article/news/details/detail.asp?id=4621 – Ed.
    • Palestine/Israel News and Information Links Jan 7-9 2003 25 September 2009 3:59 UTC www.williambowles.info [Source type: News]

    .There is no such thing as an Islamic bomb or a Christian bomb.^ There has been no official confirmation of such a move, but Scottish Justice Secretary Kenny MacAskill says he is considering the issue.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ I can assure you there was no such thing,'' presidential spokesman Olusegun Adeniyi said Thursday.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The British government has been accused of complicity in the release, but there is no firm evidence to contradict its claim that it did not campaign for such an outcome.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    Any such weapon is a means of terrorizing humanity, and we are against the manufacture and acquisition of nuclear weapons. This is in line with our definition of—and opposition to—terrorism. .
  • The Libyans said they'll buy their way out of these three [terrorism] black lists.^ "They have their lawyers and we have our lawyers," said Gaddafìs son in an interview.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Two of the three doctors commissioned by the Libyans provided the required three-month estimates, while the third also indicated that the prisoner had a short time to live.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The Libyan leader, it is said, had made arrangements to fly the group out by private jet.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    We'll pay so much, to hell with $2 billion or more. It's not compensation. It's a price. .The Americans said it was Libya who did it.^ He said Nigerians who entered Libya illegally would be deported as soon as arrangements were concluded.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ He said Libya kept its word by allowing the state prosecutor to meet twice with the Swiss businessmen, who have taken refuge at the Swiss embassy in Tripoli.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    It is known that the president was madman Reagan whose got Alzheimer's and has lost his mind. He now crawls on all fours.

Miscellaneous

  • Why should we be closer to the Soviets? Because the Americans have challenged us. America is involved in a conspiracy [against the Arab world], primarily because of its policy toward Israel. In our view, whoever is against the Americans stands with us. The enemy of your enemy is your friend.
  • Israel is a colonialist-imperialist phenomenon. .There is no such thing as an Israeli people.^ There has been no official confirmation of such a move, but Scottish Justice Secretary Kenny MacAskill says he is considering the issue.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ I can assure you there was no such thing,'' presidential spokesman Olusegun Adeniyi said Thursday.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The British government has been accused of complicity in the release, but there is no firm evidence to contradict its claim that it did not campaign for such an outcome.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    Before 1948, world geography knew of no state such as Israel. Israel is the result of an invasion, of aggression.
  • Irrespective of the conflict with America, it is a human duty to show sympathy with the American people and be with them at these horrifying and awesome events which are bound to awaken human conscience. When I was five, my brother was shot by an Israeli soldier, since then I have been dedicated to uniting the Arab countries throughout the Middle East and retain a trade flow with the west. .
  • Nothing would please me more, but who else would pump the oil that we need?^ Although it would be easy to dismiss Khadafy as a daffy dictator, he has shown himself to be a lethal loon who has used his oil-rich country's money to support terrorists and spread his madness.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    .God damn America
  • Man’s freedom is lacking if somebody else controls what he needs, for need may result in man’s enslavement of man.^ A letter from the ministry to Oil Libya says other inspections carried out by private firms are not statutory adding that the powers for testing are exclusively vested in Kebs.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The city's mayor had vowed to do everything in his power to block a visit by Col. Gadhafi in light of the hero's welcome in Libya afforded to the man responsible for bombing Pan American flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, in 1988.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ What would his release mean for relations between the outside world and Libya, a country with vast untapped oil reserves now emerging from decades of international isolation?
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    .
    • The Green Book (1975)
  • Whenever I ask about Pepsi-Cola or Coca-Cola, people immediately say it is an American or European drink.^ "The location for the tent is still an open question," says a senior State Department official who asked not to be identified talking about sensitive matters.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    This is not true. The kola is African. They have taken the cheap raw material from us. They produced it, they made it into a drink, and they sell it to us for a high price. Why are Pepsi Cola and Coca Cola expensive? .Because they have taken our kola, produced it, and sold it back to us.^ In May, for the first time, Tripoli agreed to take back migrants intercepted by the Italians in international waters (controversially, because they do not have a chance to apply for asylum).
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    We should produce it ourselves and sell it to them.
    • Speech in Conakry, New Guinea (25 June 1007)
  • The statements of our Kenyan brother of American nationality, Obama, on Jerusalem ... show that he either ignores international politics and did not study the .Middle East conflict or that it [Barack Obama's expression of solidarity with Israel] is a campaign lie.^ Thursday, 10 September, 2009: The fight for Libyan compensation for IRA victims will be taken to US President Barack Obama, campaigners vowed last night.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    We fear that Obama will feel that, because he is black with an inferiority complex, this will make him behave worse than the whites. This will be a tragedy. We tell him to be proud of himself as a black and feel that all Africa is behind him.
    .
  • "The black people’s struggle has vanquished racism.^ "The black people’s struggle has vanquished racism.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    It was God who created colour. .Today Obama, a son of Kenya, a son of Africa, has made it in the United States of America."^ But with the United States holding the rotating presidency of the UN Security Council and with the US president, Barack Obama, chairing a summit on nuclear weapons sparks could fly.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    .
  • It is a response to greedy Western nations, who invade and exploit Somalia’s water resources illegally.^ In May, the supposedly reformed Khadafy said that such piracy is not piracy at all, but "self-defense" against "greedy Western nations."
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ A State Department official said Friday that Libya had given up any plans for Col. Gadhafi to occupy the grounds of a property the country's United Nations mission owns in the small New Jersey city.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Never mind that he said in a 2003 letter to the United Nations that his country, meaning him, "accepts responsibility for the actions of its officials."
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    It is not a piracy, it is self defence. .It is defending the Somalia children’s food.^ It is defending the Somalia children’s food.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 7 January 2010 23:47 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "It is defending the Somalia children's food," Khadafy said.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    If they (Western nations) do not want to live with us fairly, it is our planet and they can go to other planet. .
  • I am an international leader, the dean of the Arab rulers, the king of kings of Africa and the imam (leader) of Muslims, and my international status does not allow me to descend to a lower level.^ Monday, 31 August, 2009: Petroleum makes Libya one of Africa’s richest countries but corruption and bureaucracy have left even the country’s leader Muammar Gaddafi scratching his head about what happens to all the money.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Sunday, 6 September, 2009: The Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi has been celebrating the 40th anniversary of the military coup which brought him to power in 1969.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Wednesday, 26 August, 2009: Last week was a good one for Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    .
  • There are signs that Allah will grant Islam victory in Europe - without swords, without guns, without conquests.^ Qaddafi has rehabilitated his image in Europe after being accused of bankrolling or harboring agents who carried out deadly attacks on civilians there in the 1980s.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Thursday, 3 September, 2009: Eight Libyan aircraft have spent more than 30 years trapped in the United States, and there’s no sign the aircraft are getting out anytime soon.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Thursday, 10 September, 2009: THERE can be few more odious ruling families in the world than the Gaddafis of Libya.
    • Libya Our Home : News and Views ليبيا وطننا : أخبار وآراء 11 September 2009 4:41 UTC www.libya-watanona.com [Source type: News]

    The 50 million Muslims of Europe will turn it into a Muslim continent within a few decades.

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Video clips


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 03, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Muammar al-Gaddafi, which are similar to those in the above article.








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