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The fictional universe established by television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel and the film Buffy the Vampire Slayer has been parodied or paid tribute to by a number of unofficial productions, most notably fan films and adult films.


Fan films

Several notable fan films have been inspired by the fictional universe - the Buffyverse - established by television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. Although 20th Century Fox and its licensees are the only organizations legally allowed to create any commercial products with the name and trademark Buffy and Angel, related fan films have become more common, as computer and digital technology has advanced, to allow films to be produced for less money. Furthermore the growth of the internet has allowed such films a way be distributed amongst a potentially wide audience. This has led to several productions which have received hundreds of thousands of downloads, an entry on Internet Movie Database, and at least some attention from external media. In 2006, the periodical technology magazine, Wired featured a two page article about several of these films.[1] These films include Cherub, an internet series that parodies Angel[1]; Consanguinity,[2] a Machinima series produced by Bathtub Productions; Fluffy the English Vampire Slayer,[3][4] a short film described as "one of the first widely watched Whedonverse fan films"[5]; and Forgotten Memories[6], an Australian production, written by Emma Paige Langley and directed by indie actor/director Darren K Hawkins[2] an internet fan film.

Canonical and legal issues

Joss Whedon has implied that materials associated with him are considered "official" and "canon" [7]. 20th Century Fox also grants licenses for companies to produce official Buffy and Angel merchandise, these include books, comics, novels, toys and so on.

Buffyverse fan films such as these are not considered by fans as part of canon. They are not licensed by Fox, and they are not closely associated with any of the crew from Buffy/Angel.

Erotic parodies

The huge success of the Buffy franchise led to a number of erotic parodies in comic and film formats. None of these stories were licensed by 20th Century Fox as official Buffy merchandise, and none would be considered Buffyverse canon.

These parodies have included The Erotic Adventures of Buffy and Evil Vampire Willow, an explicit parody web comic focused on the escapades of Buffy and the vampire version of Willow Rosenberg;[8]; Boffy the Vampire Layer, a trade paperback from Fantagraphics, collecting sexually explicit comic stories satirising Buffy;[9][10][11] Buffy the Vampire Layer, a soft pornographic 1997 movie spoofing the Buffy movie;[12] and Muffy the Vampire Layer, a pornographic movie from 1993 which also spoofs the Buffy film.[13]


In 2007, french author Chloé Delaume wrote the gamebook La nuit je suis Buffy Summers (published by Editions e®e [14]), which is only loosely associated to the Buffyverse, and stems from the alternate reality shown in episode 17, season 6, Normal Again. The reader/player takes on the role of an unnamed amnesiac psychiatric hospital patient, who escapes from her cell, is confronted with supernatural surroundings, and is involved in a plot to raise the ghost of Nietzsche's Zarathustra in order to enslave humanity. The characters encountered during the adventure are avatars of the Buffy the vampire slayer television series characters. The author has claimed this is a work of fanfiction. [15] The themes explored are those of the relative nature of reality, psychosis, and the morbid fascination for power of the french literary establishement. The gamebook is as yet untranslated.

Notes and references

  1. ^ Newitz, Annalee, "Fan Films Reclaim the Whedonverse", (June 8, 2006), page 1 of 2.
  2. ^ Hancock, Hugh,Vangelis by CrazyAsianMan Productions, "Consanguinity showcase", (October 19, 2004).
  3. ^ "Fluffy the English Vampire Slayer" (updated 2006).
  4. ^ BBC - Cult
  5. ^ Newitz, Annalee, "Fan Films Reclaim the Whedonverse", (June 8, 2006), page 2 of 2.
  6. ^ Langley, Emma Paige, "About", Official Forgotten Memories site (May 27, 2006).
  7. ^ See: Rudolph, Ileane,"Buffy the Vampire Slayer Is Back: The Complete Joss Whedon Q&A". TV Guide (December 7, 2006). Whedon, Joss (2005-11-09). "Joss to never learn how to work site! Man is complete Melvin! Mock him!". Retrieved 2008-05-26.  
  8. ^
  9. ^ Boffy the Vampire Layer at the Comic Book DB
  10. ^
  11. ^ review
  12. ^ Buffy The Vampire Layer at the Internet Movie Database
  13. ^ Muffy The Vampire Layer at the Internet Movie Database
  14. ^ projet 134
  15. ^ S'écrire mode d'emploi Cerisy autofiction symposium, July 25 2008

See also



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