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The name "Muhammad" in traditional Thuluth calligraphy by the hand of Hattat Aziz Efendi.
^ According to Muslim tradition, in his youth Muhammad was called Amin, a common Arab name meaning "faithful, or trustworthy."
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

[1]
A series of articles on

Muhammad callig.gif
Prophet of Islam
Muhammad




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ƒMuhammad .ibn ‘Abdullāh (Arabic: Transliteration: Muḥammad;[2] pronounced [mʊħɑmmæd]  ( listen); also spelled Muhammed or Mohammed)[3][4][5] (ca.^ Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allāh ( Arabic : محمد [3] Muḥammad ; also Mohammed , Muhammed , Mahomet , and other variants) [4] [5] [6] (c.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.570/571 Mecca[مَكَةَ ]/[ مَكَهْ ] – June 8, 632),[6] is the founder of the religion of Islam [ إِسْلامْ ] and is regarded by Muslims as a messenger and prophet of God (Arabic: الله Allāh), the greatest law-bearer in a series of Islamic prophets and by most Muslims the last prophet as taught by the Qur'an 33:40–40.^ A Muslim handbook on Islamic law.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ For Muslims the Qur'an is the unmediated word of God, not simply the message of the Prophet.

^ They see him as the last and the greatest in a series of prophets .
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Muslims thus consider him the restorer of an uncorrupted original monotheistic faith (islām) of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and other prophets.^ Muslims consider him the restorer of the uncorrupted original monotheistic faith (Islam) of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Noah and other prophets of Islam.

^ Others consider him the Devil incarnate.
  • MyDD :: A Term of Endearment: Rev. James Meeks 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.mydd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Such was Noah, such was Abraham, such was Moses, and such was Jesus Christ.
  • Washington Irving, Mohammed and His Successors 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

[7][8][9] .He was also active as a diplomat, merchant, philosopher, orator, legislator, reformer, military general, and, according to Muslim belief, an agent of divine action.^ He was also active as a diplomat, merchant, philosopher, orator, legislator, reformer, military general.

^ Legislation Despite popular belief, Republicans are responsible for the most important legislative actions as it relates to minorities in America.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: May 28, 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Sahîh Bukhârî, Sahîh Muslim) Sincerity The Prophet said: ‘Actions will be judged according to their intentions.’ .

[10]
.Born in 570 in the Arabian city of Mecca,[11] he was orphaned at an early age and brought up under the care of his uncle Abu Talib.^ After the death of his mother Muhammad was brought up by his grandfather, and following his death by his uncle, Abu Talib.
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ He was orphaned early in his life after his mother died and was raised by his uncle Abu-Talib beginning at age 6.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After the death of his grandfather, his uncle Abu-Talib cared for him.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

.He later worked mostly as a merchant, as well as a shepherd, and was first married by age 25. Discontented with life in Mecca, he retreated to a cave in the surrounding mountains for meditation and reflection.^ At some point, discontented with life in Mecca, he retreated to a cave in the surrounding mountains for meditation and reflection.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was orphaned at a young age and was brought up by his uncle, later worked mostly as a merchant, and was married by age 26.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ September 27, 2008 — Nora's Sensation Muhammad worked all his life with utmost sincerity for the well-being of his fellow men.

.According to Islamic beliefs it was here, at age 40, in the month of Ramadan, where he received his first revelation from God.^ According to Islamic tradition, it was here at age 40, in the month of Ramadan , where he received his first revelation from God.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Here, according to tradition he had his first revelation.
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ At Nazareth she gave over her will, immersing it in the will of God: Here am I, the servant of the Lord; let it be with me according to your word (Luke 1:38).

.Three years after this event Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that "God is One", that complete "surrender" to Him (lit.^ Before Muhammad the arabs had 365 gods - one for each day of the year.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God is one existing in three persons, not three gods, but one God .
  • What is Islam? What Do Muslims Believe? 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.jesus-is-savior.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Are we to be so naive as to think these are the only instances in 20 years of attendance of fringe thinking and preaching?
  • Georgetown/On Faith: Obama's Latest Pastor Disaster - Jacques Berlinerblau 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.islām) is the only way (dīn)[12] acceptable to God, and that he himself was a prophet and messenger of God, in the same vein as other Islamic prophets.^ God, and that he was a prophet and messenger of God, in the same vein as Adam , Noah , Abraham , Moses , David , Jesus , and other prophets .
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ God would have it no other way.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Sura 10, vs. This particular blessing was that the time has come for them to have a Prophet, a messenger of God himself of them.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

[9][13][14]
.Muhammad gained few followers early on, and was met with hostility from some Meccan tribes; he and his followers were treated harshly.^ Some of Muhammad's followers were tortured.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad gained few followers early on, and was largely met with hostility from the tribes of Mecca; he was treated harshly and so were his followers.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At first, few converts followed Muhammad.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.To escape persecution first Muhammad sent some of his followers to Abyssinia before he and his remaining followers in Mecca migrated to Medina (then known as Yathrib) in the year 622. This event, the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar, which is also known as the Hijri Calendar.^ Some of Muhammad's followers were tortured.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad's first wife - Khadija, died a few years before he fled to Medina.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two months following this event Muhammad b.
  • Alienshift, MARS, UFO, Alien, Pole Shift, Time Travel, 2012, IRAN, IRAQ, RUSSIA, CHINA, ARMAGEDDON, UFO Video, NASA, SUFISM, ASCENSION 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.alienshift.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Medina, Muhammad united the conflicting tribes, and after eight years of fighting with the Meccan tribes, his followers, who by then had grown to ten thousand, conquered Mecca.^ In Medina, Muhammad managed to unite the conflicting tribes, and after eight years of fighting with the Meccan tribes, his followers, who by then had grown to ten thousand, conquered Mecca.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Afterwards he resided in Mecca for ten years and in Medina for ten more years.

^ According to Watt, "As the ranks of Muhammad's followers swelled, he became a threat to the local tribes and the rulers of the city, whose wealth rested upon the Kaaba, the focal point of Meccan religious life, which Muhammad threatened to overthrow.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 632, a few months after returning to Medina from his Farewell pilgrimage, Muhammad fell ill and died.^ In 632 , on returning to Medina from his ' Farewell pilgrimage' , Muhammad fell ill and died.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A few months after a farewell pilgrimage to Mecca in March 632 he fell ill.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad continued to rule Medina, where he died in 632 A.D. .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.By the time of his death, most of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam; and he united the tribes of Arabia into a single Muslim religious polity.^ By the time of his death, most of Arabia had converted to Islam.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Converted to Islam and joined the Muslims .
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Today most of the Berbers have been converted to Islam.

[15][16]
.The revelations (or Ayat, lit.^ The revelations (or Ayats , lit.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."Signs of God")—which Muhammad reported receiving until his death—form the verses of the Qur'an, regarded by Muslims as the “Word of God” and around which the religion is based.^ For Muslims the Qur'an is the unmediated word of God, not simply the message of the Prophet.

^ Signs of God ), which Muhammad reported receiving till his death, form the verses of the Qur'an , [16] regarded by Muslims as the “word of God”, around which the religion is based.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ God can change his mind, and change verses in the Qur'an , with or without telling Muslims.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Besides the Qur'an, Muhammad’s life (sira) and traditions (sunnah) are also upheld by Muslims.^ From ‘ Ibn Kathirs The Life of the Prophet Muhammad, Al-sira Al-Nabawiyya, volume 2’ : .

^ Gkc:11:56 2/9 - "And, someone wrote that Muslims believe you're not worthy of life if you don't believe in Muhammad.
  • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Surah 29:27 states clearly that, as far as Allah and the Qur'an are concerned, the only true prophets are those related to Isaac ( Ishaq ) or Jacob ( Yaqoub ) ; yet Muhammad, according to Muslim tradition, is related to Ishmael and not Isaac or Jacob.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.They discuss Muhammad and other prophets of Islam with reverence, adding the phrase peace be upon him whenever their names are mentioned.^ Then we came to Adam (peace be upon him).
  • Prophet Muhammad's Sayings 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is what Muslims say whenever the Prophet's (PBUH) name is mentioned.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him is a Great Messenger from Allah Almighty.

[17] .While conceptions of Muhammad in medieval Christendom and premodern times were largely negative, appraisals in modern history have been far less so.^ Popular image of Muhammad in medieval times .
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, Islam is a manifestation of the experiences and knowledge of people, societies and states at various stages of history, and in the ancient, medieval and modern eras.
  • Islam Watch - "Islam Caused Islamic World's Decline" by Andrew Stunich 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.islam-watch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If greatness of purpose, smallness of means, and astounding results are the three criteria of human genius, who could dare to compare any great man in modern history with Muhammad?

[14][18] Besides this, his life and deeds have been debated by followers and opponents over the centuries.[19]

Contents

Names and appellations in the Qur'an

.The name Muhammad means "Praiseworthy" and occurs four times in the Qur'an.^ The name Muhammad literally means "Praiseworthy".
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Torah/Taurat: This word occurs 18 times in the Qur'an.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Muslim tradition, in his youth Muhammad was called Amin, a common Arab name meaning "faithful, or trustworthy."
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

[20] .The Qur'an addresses Muhammad in the second person not by his name but by the appellations prophet, messenger, servant of God ('abd), announcer (bashir), warner (nathir), reminder (mudhakkir), witness (shahid), bearer of good tidings (mubashshir), one who calls [unto God] (dā‘ī) and the light-giving lamp (siraj munir).^ The first portion of the anti-Trinitarian literature produced in this triangular contest is collected in The Faith of one God Who is only the Father (1691).
  • Prophet Muhammad in the Christian context: Flag bearer of Arianism…influenced Martin Luther, Locke and Jefferson « Rupee News 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC rupeenews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hateful people created by animals who dare to use God’s name.
  • Father Pfleger Should Save His Breath : NO QUARTER 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.noquarterusa.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Messenger ( ) of Allah even considered making a treaty with the Ghatafan, giving them one-third of Madinah's dates in order to make things easier for the Ansar who always bore the greatest hardships during wars.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

.Muhammad is sometimes addressed by designations deriving from his state at the time of the address: thus he is referred to as the enwrapped (al-muzzammil) in Qur'an 73:1 and the shrouded (al-muddaththir) in Qur'an 74:1.^ It is believed that "al-llah" in Muhammad's time before Islam referred to a vague moon god and that Muhammad believed that al-Uzza was a daughter of this "al-llah".
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Of note, according to Muslims, this is the same cave where the Qur'an (5 verses of the Sura Al-Alaque were revealed to him) began to be revealed to Muhammad.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Note: in the sources al-Nashiri is referred to by two of his aliases: Muhammad Omar al-Harazi and Al Safani).

[21] .In the Qur'an, believers are not to distinguish between the messengers of God and are to believe in all of them (Surah 2:285).^ T he Qur'an forbids anyone, on pain of shameful punishment, from making distinctions between the authority of the apostles and prophets of God, or from choosing between God's words.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When the Bible distinguishes between members of the God-Head, it refers to the activity or function of a specific Person.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ All the more so, because, despite its rhetoric, the Qur'an leaves no room for a God who genuinely has mercy and compassion for his creation.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.God has caused some messengers to excel above others 2:253 and in Surah 33:40 He singles out Muhammad as the "Seal of the Prophets".[22] The Qur'an also refers to Muhammad as Aḥmad "more praiseworthy" (Arabic: أحمد‎, Surah 61:6).^ Muhammad ain't god - he is purported to be a prophet.
  • Sound Politics: Muhammad Cartoons 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC soundpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God has exalted some prophets above others; David was given the Psalms .
  • Muhammad and the Spread of Islam by Sanderson Beck 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the messenger of Allah and the SEAL of the Prophets ; and Allah is Aware of all things.” (The noble Qur’an, 33:40) .

Sources for Muhammad's life

.
Prophet Muhammad at the Ka'ba, The Life of the Prophet Topkapi Palace Museum, Istanbul (Inv.
^ Hubal was an oracular deity whose statue -- in human form and made of red carneol -- stood in the Ka'ba until Muhammad destroyed it.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From ‘ Ibn Kathirs The Life of the Prophet Muhammad, Al-sira Al-Nabawiyya, volume 2’ : .

^ The Prophet Muhammad's life is filled with heart-touching examples of patience, forbearance and forgiveness.
  • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

1222/123b), illustration by Nakkaş Osman [c. 1595].
.Being a highly influential historical figure, Muhammad's life, deeds, and thoughts have been debated by followers and opponents over the centuries, which makes a biography of him difficult to write.^ It has also been thought that Muhammad could not read or write.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We know from Muhammad’s biography that it was a highly unsettled time for him.
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From an historical perspective the argument falls even further into disrepute, as many historians believe that very little of the Qur'an was actually written by Muhammad, but was rather the result of an evolving set of polemical writings which became canonized in the 9th-10th century, 200-300 years after the life of Muhammad.
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

[14]

The Qur'an

.Muslims regard the Qur'an as the primary source of knowledge about the historical Muhammad.^ The Qur'an, however, responds "constantly and often candidly to Muhammad's changing historical circumstances and contains a wealth of hidden data that are relevant to the task of the quest for the historical Muhammad."
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These murderous Muslims represent exactly what Muhammad was all about.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All Muslim children today, world wide, are taught about this impressive accomplishment of Muhammad.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

[14] .The Qur'an has a few allusions to Muhammad's life.^ The Qur'an has some, though very few, casual allusions to Muhammad's life.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Muslim Qur'an was made up supposedly from "memory" from those who supposedly committed the words of Muhammad to memory, and from a few scraps found under a bed.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For a few years Muhammad (pbuh) lived a calm and quiet life as a merchant in Mecca.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[23] .The Qur'an responds "constantly and often candidly to Muhammad's changing historical circumstances and contains a wealth of hidden data."^ Muhammad's circumstances changed, and Muhammad's Allah changed with them.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Qur'an, however, responds "constantly and often candidly to Muhammad's changing historical circumstances and contains a wealth of hidden data that are relevant to the task of the quest for the historical Muhammad."
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Muhammad's circumstances changed - Allah changed again.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

[14]

Early biographies

.Next in importance are the historical works by writers of the third and fourth century of the Muslim era.^ It rained that day, the next day, the third day, the fourth day till the next Friday .

^ Good Works  That person who relieveth a Mumin (Muslim) from distress in this world, God will in like manner relieve him in the next; and he who shall do good to the indigent, God will do good to him in this world and the next.

^ The fourth victim died after jumping from the third floor where he was working in order to escape.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[24] .These include the traditional Muslim biographies of Muhammad and quotes attributed to him (the sira and hadith literature), which provide further information on Muhammad's life.^ Also, t he Hadith makes it clear that Muhammad was a sinner--NOT sinless as some Muslims now claim: "Muhammad replied..."O Allah, set me apart from my sins..."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is somewhat meaningless in regards to our specific discussion of Muhammad and 'Aishah, since the hadith literature makes it clear that she had reached puberty.
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These murderous Muslims represent exactly what Muhammad was all about.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

[25]
.The earliest surviving written sira (biographies of Muhammad and quotes attributed to him) is Ibn Ishaq's Life of God's Messenger written ca.^ The earliest surviving written sira (biographies of Muhammad and quotes attributed to him) is Ibn Ishaq 's Sirah Rasul Allah ( Life of God's Messenger ).
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They were, however, mentioned in Muhammad's biography written by Ibn Hesham.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The definitive works on the life of the prophet were written centuries ago and new ideas are but summaries of the books: These were Ibn Ishaq’s Sirat e Rasul Allah and Ibn Khatir’s Siratul nabi .
  • Prophet Muhammad in the Christian context: Flag bearer of Arianism…influenced Martin Luther, Locke and Jefferson « Rupee News 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC rupeenews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

767 (150 AH). .The work is lost, but was used verbatim at great length by Ibn Hisham and Al-Tabari.^ References: Sunan Ibn Majah, v2, Tradition #4082, The History Tabari al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar, Ch.
  • Alienshift, MARS, UFO, Alien, Pole Shift, Time Travel, 2012, IRAN, IRAQ, RUSSIA, CHINA, ARMAGEDDON, UFO Video, NASA, SUFISM, ASCENSION 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.alienshift.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He works on a farm owned by al-Thani and lives in the open, not even bothering to use an alias.

^ This commentary quotes from Malik ibn Anas, Ahmad ibn Hanbal and others and has been used extensively at the influential Al-Azhar University in Cairo.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[23][26]
.Another early source is the history of Muhammad's campaigns by al-Waqidi (death 207 of Muslim era), and the work of his secretary Ibn Sa'd al-Baghdadi (death 230 of Muslim era).^ Muhammad ibn Sa'd (early 800s AD).
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad al-Madaini (early 800s).
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ References: Sunan Ibn Majah, v2, Tradition #4082, The History Tabari al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar, Ch.
  • Alienshift, MARS, UFO, Alien, Pole Shift, Time Travel, 2012, IRAN, IRAQ, RUSSIA, CHINA, ARMAGEDDON, UFO Video, NASA, SUFISM, ASCENSION 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.alienshift.com [Source type: Original source]

[24]
.Many scholars accept the accuracy of the earliest biographies, though their accuracy is unascertainable.^ First, it is considered by Western scholars to be an invented tradition, though Muslims accept it as historical.

[23] .Recent studies have led scholars to distinguish between the traditions touching legal matters and the purely historical ones.^ Several recent long-term studies funded by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism have documented a link between youth exposure to alcohol advertising and youth alcohol consumption.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He mentions Joseph Schacht as one scholar who argues this, claiming that Schacht "found no evidence of legal traditions before 722," from which Schacht concluded that "the Sunna of the Prophet is not the words and deeds of the Prophet, but apocryphal material" dating from later.

^ First, it is considered by Western scholars to be an invented tradition, though Muslims accept it as historical.

In the former sphere, traditions could have been subject to invention while in the latter sphere, aside from exceptional cases, the material may have been only subject to "tendential shaping".[27]
.In addition, the hadith collections are accounts of the verbal and physical traditions of Muhammad that date from several generations after his death.^ The hadith collections , accounts of the verbal and physical traditions of Muhammad, date from several generations after the death of Muhammad.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The concept of truth is important within Islam, and the word occurs hundreds of times in the Qur'an and the Hadith (traditions recording what Muhammad said and did).
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ He left for the future guidance of the community the words of God revealed to him and recorded in the Koran, and the sunna, the collective name for his opinions and decisions as recorded in the tradition literature (hadith).
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

[28] .Hadith compilations are records of the traditions or sayings of Muhammad.^ Usually the scholars seek to understand the Qur`an by reference to the hadith (traditions recording the sunna , that is the words and deeds of Muhammad and his Companions) and through tafsir (the Islamic science of interpreting the Qur`an) and other Islamic academic disciplines.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ He left for the future guidance of the community the words of God revealed to him and recorded in the Koran, and the sunna, the collective name for his opinions and decisions as recorded in the tradition literature (hadith).
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The hadith collections , accounts of the verbal and physical traditions of Muhammad, date from several generations after the death of Muhammad.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They might be defined as the biography of Muhammad perpetuated by the long memory of his community for their exemplification and obedience.^ As long as the Muslim community does NOT confront and stop them, they cannot complain that "the non-Muslims are misrepresenting Islam" and are biased and islamophobic.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They watched all night long, waiting to murder Muhammad when he should leave his house at the early dawn.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The second problem with these genealogies is that they are written long after Muhammad’s rise to fame.
  • Is ishmael the Father of Prophet Muhammad? « My Africa 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC myafrica.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

[29]
.Western academics view the hadith collections with caution as accurate historical sources.^ Western academics view the hadith collections with caution as accurate historical sources.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All these collections and biographies are based on the so-called Hadiths, or "traditions", the historical value of which is more than doubtful.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In order to present an accurate and detailed picture of how apostasy is perceived and dealt with in Islam, it is important to discuss the references to apostasy in its two main sources: Qur'an and hadith .
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[28] .Scholars such as Madelung do not reject the narrations which have been complied in later periods, but judge them in the context of history and on the basis of their compatibility with the events and figures.^ Maybe some scholar among you has some idea what the similarities are between the two time periods that would re-create such a time warp.
  • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Unfortunately for my critics, judging the Republican Party on the basis of such a shortsighted view of history would be synonymous to labeling my character as an African-American on the basis of what is seen on B.E.T. As I deserve to be judged on my own merit, so do modern-day, and past Republican leaders.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: May 28, 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From the context it is obvious that this was meant to be a sign, but people rejected it as such and in their desire to create some supernatural proof for their faith interpreted it word-for-word.
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

[30]
Finally, there are oral traditions. .Although usually discounted by historians, oral tradition plays a major role in the Islamic understanding of Muhammad.^ Usually the scholars seek to understand the Qur`an by reference to the hadith (traditions recording the sunna , that is the words and deeds of Muhammad and his Companions) and through tafsir (the Islamic science of interpreting the Qur`an) and other Islamic academic disciplines.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ In this vein, we include here both the traditional Islamic understandings and some seemingly credible alternatives, hopefully without suggesting judgment.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is quite obvious to any reader of the Qur'an that Muhammad had not a clue of the role in God's plan for salvation that the Jewish Messiah (Jesus) was to play.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[19]

Non-Arabic sources

The earliest Greek source for Muhammed is the 9th century writer Theophanes. The earliest Syriac source is the 7th century John bar Penkaye.[31]

Background

Approximate locations of some of the important tribes and Empire of the Arabian Peninsula at the dawn of Islam (approximately 600 CE / 50 BH).
The Arabian Peninsula was largely arid and volcanic, making agriculture difficult except near oases or springs. .The landscape was thus dotted with towns and cities, two prominent ones being Mecca and Medina.^ With the Beijing Olympics now only two years away, the authorities have launched a campaign against one of the city's least pleasant habits: spitting .

^ A force constituting of one thousand men marched under Abu Jahl, a great enemy of Islam, towards Medina to attack the city.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) - www.TurnToIslam.com 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.turntoislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eventually, he and his followers moved north to a city called Yathrib [Medina], where some members of two Arab tribes wanted Muhammad to be their prophet.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

.Medina was a large flourishing agricultural settlement, while Mecca was an important financial center for many surrounding tribes.^ There was an important shrine in Mecca (now called the Kaaba ) that housed statues of many Arabian gods.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Muhammad was born about 570 AD in the city of Mecca, an important trading center in western Arabia.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By 622, Muhammad then emigrated to Medina , then known as Yathrib, a large agricultural oasis .
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] .Communal life was essential for survival in the desert conditions, as people needed support against the harsh environment and lifestyle.^ The harsh rhetoric by Democrats against people of faith shows that Christians are not welcome in the Democratic Party.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: May 28, 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Blackburn with Darwen Council said that the community needed to realise there was a problem and take a stand against it.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Nowadays, when slavery as such is banned in almost every country, there are still situations where people are effectively trapped in employment under harsh conditions.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Tribal grouping was encouraged by the need to act as a unit, this unity being based on the bond of kinship by blood.^ And there you have another inconvenient truth, we, the citizens of the United States, are not now, never were and will never be perfect human beings yet we do what we must when the need arises.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: General]

^ In tribal societies, the exogamic restriction is usually applied not to all one's blood relatives but only to those in one's kinship group.

[33] .Indigenous Arabs were either nomadic or sedentary (or bedouins), the former constantly travelling from one place to another seeking water and pasture for their flocks, while the latter settled and focused on trade and agriculture.^ In gross terms, reading does take place sequentially -- we turn one page after another as we make sequential progress through, for example, a book.

^ After days of travel, the caravan arrived at a place near Syria where the Romans used to come to trade with the Arabs.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The advantage which the nomadic invaders like the Arabs had over settled city dwellers like the Persians and Romans did not hold for nomadic Berbers .

Nomadic survival was also dependent on raiding caravans or oases, the nomads not viewing this as a crime.[34][35]
.In pre-Islamic Arabia, gods or goddesses were viewed as protectors of individual tribes, their spirits being associated with sacred trees, stones, springs and wells.^ What ever this God/god/Spirit wants, I cannot accept that it includes the wholesale slaughter of one group of human beings by another--or even of one single human being by another single human.
  • Sam Harris on the Reality of Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.venusproject.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The ninth year of the hijrah is known as the Year of Embassies, as being the year in which the various tribes of Arabia submitted to the claim of the Prophet and sent embassies to render homage to him.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Pre-monotheistic man worshiped and propitiated thousands of contending gods, demons, spirits and ancestors.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris on the Reality of Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

.As well as being the site of an annual pilgrimage, the Kaaba shrine in Mecca housed 360 idol statues of tribal patron deities.^ Orthodox Muslims, following the dictates of Muhammad's revelations in the Koran, will state that there can be no other pilgrimage site than Mecca.

^ AN asylum being provided for Mohammed in the house of Mutem Ibn Adi, one of his disciples, he ventured to return to Mecca.
  • Washington Irving, Mohammed and His Successors 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ However, Muhammad preferred to pray towards the Ka'ba in Mecca which, during this point in time, contained 360 idols.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Aside from these gods, the Arabs shared a common belief in a supreme deity called Allah (literally "the god"), who was remote from their everyday concerns and thus not the object of cult or ritual.^ Second : Who will testify concerning that call?
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet, who did this false Islamic god, Allah adopt?
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Islam of these people reflected the beliefs of those who knew the Messenger of Allah best.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

.Three goddesses were associated with Allah as his daughters: Allāt, Manāt and al-‘Uzzá.^ (Allāt, al-'Uzzā and Manāt were three goddesses worshiped by the Meccans).
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, the Companion `Umar ibn Al-Khattab married the daughter of Ali ibn Abi Talib, may Allah honor his face, while he was at her grandpa’s age.

^ The chief god of Muhammad's tribe was one of the three sister goddesses called al-Uzza, the youngest of the three daughters of the pre-Islamic Allah and the patron goddess of Mecca.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Monotheistic communities existed in Arabia, including Christians and Jews.^ Islam) including the threat that if the non-Muslims do not convert they will be subject to a destructive military attack ( jihad ) aimed at subjugating Jews and Christians, and annihilating other non-Muslims.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no doubt that some Judeo-Christian themes, principles, and truths existed in civilizations and cultures much older than that of the Hebrews (the Jews).
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To deal with the contradiction between the Bible and the Qur'an, Muslims throughout history have claimed that the Jews and Christians have corrupted their Bible so that the original Bible no longer exists.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[36] .Hanifs – native pre-Islamic Arab monotheists – are also sometimes listed alongside Jews and Christians in pre-Islamic Arabia, although their historicity is disputed amongst scholars.^ The fact is as a group, Arab Muslims can't get along with Hindus, Jews, Christians, Buddhists, or even each other.
  • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The earliest records of criticism of Islam are found in early Islamic writings about criticism from pagan Arabs , and from Jewish inhabitants of Arabia.

^ Jews and the Christians for friends; they are friends of each other; and whoever amongst you takes them for a friend, then surely he is one of them; surely Allah does not guide the unjust people."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[37][38] .According to Muslim tradition, Muhammad himself was a Hanif and one of the descendants of Ishmael, son of Abraham.^ Adnan in turn is said to have been a descendant of Ishmael , son of Abraham .
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Initially, according to Muslim Tradition, the Christians carried favour with Muhammad.
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Muslims assume that the Arabs are Ishmael's descendants.
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

[39]

Life

Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (the Mosque of the Prophet) in Medina, Saudi Arabia, is the site of Muhammad's tomb.

Life in Mecca

.Muhammad was born and lived in Mecca for the first 52 years of his life (570–622) which was divided into two phases, that is before and after declaring the prophecy.^ Muhammad was born in 570 in Mecca, a trading center in western Arabia.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad was born of poor parents in Mecca.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For a few years Muhammad (pbuh) lived a calm and quiet life as a merchant in Mecca.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

Childhood and early life

.Muhammad was born in the month of Rabi' al-awwal in 570. He belonged to the Banu Hashim, one of the prominent families of Mecca, although it seems not to have been prosperous during Muhammad's early lifetime.^ Muhammad was born in 570 in Mecca, a trading center in western Arabia.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad was born of poor parents in Mecca.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to tradition, Muhammad was born in Mecca on April 20, 570 A.D .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[14][40] .Tradition places the year of Muhammad's birth as corresponding with the Year of the Elephant, which is named after the failed destruction of Mecca that year by the Aksumite king Abraha who had in his army a number of elephants.^ Scholars believe that his childhood name was "Amin," named after his mother "Amina" who died when he was 6 years old.
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ He was the son of a courtesan of Mecca, who seems to have rivalled in fascination the Phrynes and Aspasias of Greece, and to have numbered some of the noblest of the land among her lovers.
  • Washington Irving, Mohammed and His Successors 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Many Years later, Muhammad had a vision in the desert north of Mecca in which he believed he was commanded to preach.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

Recent scholarship has suggested alternative dates for this event, such as 568 or 569.[41]
.Muhammad's father, Abdullah, died almost six months before he was born.^ His father was called "Abdullah," but Muhammad never knew him as he died before he was born.
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad ( )'s father died before his birth.
  • Biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) - www.TurnToIslam.com 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.turntoislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad's father, Abdullah , died almost six months before he was born.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[42] .According to the tradition, soon after Muhammad's birth he was sent to live with a Bedouin family in the desert, as the desert-life was considered healthier for infants.^ The earliest authority on the life of Muhammad (Ibn Hisham) claimed that these words were uttered by Muhammad at the "instigation of Satan " and are considered to the be Satanic Verses (not to be confused with Salman Rushdies' book).
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to this author, the prophet was false even to the ethical traditions of the idolatrous brigands among whom he lived, and grossly violated the easy sexual morality of his own system.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet, according to Muslim Tradition these stories are all that are needed to give Muhammad the title "Rasu- ul-Allah."
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Muhammad stayed with his foster-mother, Halimah bint Abi Dhuayb, and her husband until he was two years old.^ When Muhammad (pbuh) was two years old, Halimah took him back to his mother.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The compilation was not finished until at least 150 years after Muhammad's death.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "I've got two daughters - 9 years old and 6 years old," Mr. Obama said.

.Some western scholars of Islam have rejected the historicity of this tradition.^ THE HYPOCRITES: Islam spread throughout Madinah and some of the rabbis and Jewish scholars also became Muslims.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Several scholars do not self-identify as critics of Islam but are not afraid to criticise some of its aspects.

^ These are some of their ideas: Case study: Vaccination and shari’a Some Muslim doctors and scholars oppose the Western practice of mass vaccination of children.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[43] .At the age of six Muhammad lost his mother Amina to illness and he became fully orphaned.^ Shortly after he returned to his mother at the age of six, Muhammad lost his mother Amina to illness and he became fully orphaned.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In KING OBAMA'S case his white mother and grandparents fashioned who he was until he became BLACK. He was exposed to the Muslim religion at a very early age.
  • Georgetown/On Faith: Obama's Latest Pastor Disaster - Jacques Berlinerblau 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Before he was six years old his mother died, and the doubly orphaned Muhammad was put under the charge of his grandfather Abdul Muttalib who took the most tender care of him.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

[44] .He was subsequently brought up for two years under the guardianship of his paternal grandfather Abd al-Muttalib, of the Banu Hashim clan of the Quraysh tribe.^ The years passed by and 'Abd al-Muttalib did have ten sons.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was subsequently brought up for two years under the guardianship of his paternal grandfather Abd al-Muttalib , of the Banu Hashim clan of the Quraysh tribe .
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was a member of the Hashim clan of the powerful Quraysh tribe.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.When Muhammad was eight, his grandfather also died.^ When he was eight years of age, his grandfather also died.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Muhammad's mother Aminah died when he was six years old and his grandfather, Abdul Muttalib, assumed responsibility for him.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

.He now came under the care of his uncle Abu Talib, the new leader of Banu Hashim.^ Muhammad now came under the care of his uncle Abu Talib, the new leader of the Hashim clan of Hashim tribe.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the death of his grandfather, his uncle Abu-Talib cared for him.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His uncle Abu Talib had fallen into distress through his endeavors to maintain the old position of his family.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) - www.TurnToIslam.com 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.turntoislam.com [Source type: Original source]

[41] According to Watt, because of the general disregard of the guardians in taking care of weak members of the tribes in Mecca in sixth century, "Muhammad's guardians saw that he did not starve to death, but it was hard for them to do more for him, especially as the fortunes of the clan of Hashim seem to have been declining at that time."[45]
.While still in his teens, Muhammad accompanied his uncle on trading journeys to Syria gaining experience in the commercial trade, the only career open to Muhammad as an orphan.^ Muhammad was the only witness to that experience.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the beginning of his mission, Muhammad ( ) - hereinafter called the Prophet ( ) - opened his soul only to those who were attached to him and tried to free them from the gross practices of their forefathers.
  • Biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) - www.TurnToIslam.com 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.turntoislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Muhammad ( ) was twelve years old, he accompanied his uncle Abu Talib on a mercantile journey to Syria, and they proceeded as far as Busra.
  • Biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) - www.TurnToIslam.com 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.turntoislam.com [Source type: Original source]

[45] .According to tradition, when Muhammad was either nine or twelve while accompanying the Meccans' caravan to Syria, he met a Christian monk or hermit named Bahira who is said to have foreseen Muhammed's career as a prophet of God.^ God curse those who call the prophet such a name!

^ In one of these caravans Muhammad met Buhaira, a Nestorian monk.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Initially, according to Muslim Tradition, the Christians carried favour with Muhammad.
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

[46]
.Little is known of Muhammad during his later youth, and from the fragmentary information that is available, it is hard to separate history from legend.^ Little is known of Muhammad during his youth, and from the fragmentary information that we have, it is hard to separate history from legend.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the daughters, Fatima, acquired special prominence in later Islamic history because of her marriage to Muhammad's cousin Ali.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was during this later period when Muhammad went wild with military power which followed with rape, plunder, and cold-hearted murders.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[45] It is known that he became a merchant and "was involved in trade between the Indian ocean and the Mediterranean Sea."[47] Due to his upright character he acquired the nickname "Al-Amin" (Arabic: الامين), meaning "faithful, trustworthy" and was sought out as an impartial arbitrator.[11][14][48] .His reputation attracted a proposal from Khadijah, a forty-year-old widow in 595. Muhammad consented to the marriage, which by all accounts was a happy one.^ Their marriage was a joyful one and Muhammad (pbuh) and Khadijah were well suited.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And he consummated the marriage with her when she was nine years old.

^ When Muhammad ( ) was twenty five years old, he traveled once more to Syria as a factor of a noble and rich Quraishi widow named Khadijah; and, having proved himself faithful in the commercial interests of that lady, he was soon rewarded with her hand in marriage.
  • Biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) - www.TurnToIslam.com 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.turntoislam.com [Source type: Original source]

[47]

Beginnings of the Qur'an

The cave Hira in the mountain Jabal al-Nour where, according to Muslim beliefs, Muhammad received his first revelation.
.At some point Muhammad adopted the practice of meditating alone for several weeks every year in a cave on Mount Hira near Mecca.^ For years after his marriage, Muhammad had been accustomed to secluding himself in a cave in Mount Hira, a few miles from Mecca.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad often retreated to Mount Hira near Mecca.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For years after his marriage, Muhammad ( ) had been accustomed to secluding himself in a cave in Mount Hira, a few miles from Mecca.
  • Biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) - www.TurnToIslam.com 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.turntoislam.com [Source type: Original source]

[49][50] Islamic tradition holds that during one of his visits to Mount Hira, the angel Gabriel appeared to him in the year 610 and commanded Muhammad to recite the following verses:[51]
Proclaim! (or read!) in the name of thy .Lord and Cherisher, Who created- Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood: Proclaim!^ Lord and Cherisher, Who created- Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood: Proclaim!
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He said, 'Read in the name of your Lord who created, created man from a clot.
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Lord, who has created all things; who created man from a clot of blood.
  • Washington Irving, Mohammed and His Successors 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

.And thy Lord is Most Bountiful,- He Who taught (the use of) the pen,- Taught man that which he knew not.^ Read: And thy Lord is the Most Generous Who teacheth by the pen, Teacheth man that which he knew not.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And thy Lord is Most Bountiful,- He Who taught (the use of) the pen,- Taught man that which he knew not.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Read, and your Lord is the Most Generous, Who taught by the Pen, taught man what he did not know."'
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

(Qur'an 96:1-5)
.According to some traditions, upon receiving his first revelations Muhammad was deeply distressed and contemplated throwing himself off the top of a mountain but the spirit moved closer and told him that he has been chosen as a messenger of God.^ Preacher: … homosexuality, … take that homosexual man and throw him off the mountain.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad received his call from the spirit which squeezed him at the cave of Hira.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ About 610 he received the first of a series of revelations that convinced him that he had been chosen as God's messenger.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Muhammad returned home and was consoled and reassured by his wife, Khadijah and her Christian cousin, Waraqah ibn Nawfal.^ She used to visit her cousin, Waraqah ibn Nawfal, who had become a Christian.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In a state of confusion he returned home to Khadijah.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Later on he returned to Christianity again and he used to say: "Muhammad knows nothing but what I have written for him."
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Shia tradition maintains that Muhammad was neither surprised nor frightened at the appearance of Gabriel but rather welcomed him as if he had been expecting him.^ Before the night fell, on which Muhammad (pbuh) was to be killed, the Archangel Gabriel came to him and said, 'Do not sleep tonight in your own bed.'
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad became sad, then Gabriel delivered this verse to him to comfort him."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad claimed the angel Gabriel transmitted the entire Koran to him from Allah while he was living in the Hira Cave.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[52] .The initial revelation was followed by a pause of three years during which Muhammad gave himself up further to prayers and spiritual practices.^ This was followed by a pause of three years during which Muhammad had gave himself up further to prayers and spiritual practices .
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Muhammad also contracted alliances with some groups and attacked others, increasing the wealth of himself and his followers with booty.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The conversation that followed remains imprinted on her memory and a few years ago she gave me an account of it.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.When the revelations resumed he was reassured and commanded to begin preaching: Your lord has not forsaken you nor does he hate [you] (Qur'an 93:1-11).^ But what I preach is that there's a lot of stuff in you, too, and don't you die until you get it out, because if you do, you're going to die with a tear in your eye.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But I tell you who hear me: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you (Luke 6:27-28).
  • Georgetown/On Faith: Obama's Latest Pastor Disaster - Jacques Berlinerblau 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ If you hate your own kind so much...why not get the hell out and move (try to move) to an Islamic country?
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

[53][54]
.According to Welch these revelations were accompanied by mysterious seizures, and the reports are unlikely to have been forged by later Muslims.^ According to Welch , these revelations were accompanied by mysterious seizures as the reports are unlikely to have been forged by later Muslims.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Welch however holds that this Muslim belief is most likely a later interpretation of the Seal of the Prophets .
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another proof of his prophethood, according to Muslims, stems from the fact that Muhammad prophesied events in the future, which then came to pass later on.
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

[14] .Muhammad was confident that he could distinguish his own thoughts from these messages.^ It has also been thought that Muhammad could not read or write.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad was confident that he could distinguish his own thoughts from these messages.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many more hadiths could be posted, but these hadiths do make one thing very clear, the prophet Muhammad was a great man, and indeed he is a great example for the Muslims.

[55] .According to the Qur'an, one of the main roles of Muhammad is to warn the unbelievers of their eschatological punishment (Qur'an 38:70, Qur'an 6:19).^ He is one of the main Bojinka plotters and will later be sentenced to life in prison in the US for his role in that plot (see September 5, 1996 ).

^ (Fn 19) One hadith records Muhammad as stating: "Women are naturally, morally and religiously defective."
  • Islam Watch - "Islam Caused Islamic World's Decline" by Andrew Stunich 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.islam-watch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is quite obvious to any reader of the Qur'an that Muhammad had not a clue of the role in God's plan for salvation that the Jewish Messiah (Jesus) was to play.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Sometimes the Qur'an does not explicitly refer to the Judgment day but provides examples from the history of some extinct communities and warns Muhammad's contemporaries of similar calamities (Qur'an 41:13–16).^ Warnings of punishments at the Day of Judgment are repeated over and over.
  • Muhammad and the Spread of Islam by Sanderson Beck 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition to the accomplishments of his lifetime and his significance for the present, most Muslims anticipate a future role for Muhammad - as intercessor, "with God's permission," on Judgment Day.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At first in private and then [613] publicly, Muhammad began to proclaim his message: that there is but one God and that Muhammad is his messenger sent to warn people of the Judgment Day and to remind them of God's goodness.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

[21] .Muhammad is not only a warner to those who reject God's revelation, but also a bearer of good news for those who abandon evil, listen to the divine word and serve God.^ God is with those who refrain from evil and do good works.
  • Muhammad and the Spread of Islam by Sanderson Beck 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who so are strong in repelling [evil].
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God loveth those who are content.

[56] .Muhammad's mission also involves preaching monotheism: The Qur'an demands Muhammad to proclaim and praise the name of his Lord and instructs him not to worship idols apart from God or associate other deities with God.^ For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name) .
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He commanded him to read the Qur'an to them, to preach Islam and to instruct them in the religion.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Do not allow others to worship a different god.
  • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[21]
.The key themes of the early Qur'anic verses included the responsibility of man towards his creator; the resurrection of dead, God's final judgment followed by vivid descriptions of the tortures in hell and pleasures in Paradise; and the signs of God in all aspects of life.^ The Qur'an teaches a literal resurrection of the body and also an everlasting life of physical joy in paradise, or physical torture in hell.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Our dead are in Paradise and your dead are in Hell!'
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God created all men equally.
  • Georgetown/On Faith: Obama's Latest Pastor Disaster - Jacques Berlinerblau 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Religious duties required of the believers at this time were few: belief in God, asking for forgiveness of sins, offering frequent prayers, assisting others particularly those in need, rejecting cheating and the love of wealth (considered to be significant in the commercial life of Mecca), being chaste and not to kill newborn girls.^ Extracts from the document are given below: "In the troubled times we are passing through, religious believers have, as servants of the Almighty, a duty above all to work in favor of peace, by showing respect for the convictions of individuals and communities everywhere through freedom of religious practice.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ A multitude of those of old, and a few of those later time; on lined couches, reclining therein face to face.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The most significant medical risks for infants of teenage mothers are likely related to the parental care those infants receive after the first year of life.
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

[14]

Opposition

.According to Muslim tradition, Muhammad's wife Khadija was the first to believe he was a prophet.^ The first man to believe in the Prophet .
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muslims believe that Muhammad was righteous and holy.

^ Here, according to tradition he had his first revelation.
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

[57] .She was soon followed by Muhammad's ten-year-old cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib, close friend Abu Bakr, and adopted son Zaid.^ Abdullah ibn Abbas Abu Bakr Abu Dharr Ali ibn Abi Talib Ammar .
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Muhammad adopted Zaid because Muhammad had no sons.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad adopted Zaid (aka: Zayd) because Muhammad had no sons.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[57] .Around 613, Muhammad began his public preaching (Qur'an 26:214).^ Of note, according to Muslims, this is the same cave where the Qur'an (5 verses of the Sura Al-Alaque were revealed to him) began to be revealed to Muhammad.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad and Islam did not come along till 610 A.D. (after Jesus), when Muhammad began preaching Allah and his new religion in Mecca.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Signs of God ), which Muhammad reported receiving till his death, form the verses of the Qur'an , [16] regarded by Muslims as the “word of God”, around which the religion is based.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[58] .Most Meccans ignored him and mocked him, while a few others became his followers.^ Around 613 , Muhammad began to preach amongst Meccans most of whom ignored it and a few mocked him, while some others became his followers.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then he joined the military and became the most powerful person during the reign of Caliph Abd-Elmalik Ibn Marawan and after him his son AlWaleed Ibn Abd-Elmalik.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rather than slamming the few journalists who raise such questions, might it not behoove others in the media to consider following suit?

.There were three main groups of early converts to Islam: younger brothers and sons of great merchants; people who had fallen out of the first rank in their tribe or failed to attain it; and the weak, mostly unprotected foreigners.^ Also note, that there were already people from her tribe who had become Muslims.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Religion is about opinion, and all it does is spawn fighting, because there seems to be an overwhelming number of people who seem to think they can force their religion on others.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The number of people who truly want to martyr themselves isn't that great - at least this is the impression I have from reading Israeli literature on suicide bombers.
  • Michael J. Totten: Another Hostage in Iran 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

[59]
.According to Ibn Sad, the opposition in Mecca started when Muhammad delivered verses that condemned idol worship and the Meccan forefathers who engaged in polytheism.^ Muhammad became sad, then Gabriel delivered this verse to him to comfort him."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Ibn Sad, the opposition in Mecca started when Muhammad delivered verses that "spoke shamefully of the idols they [the Meccans] worshiped other than Himself [God] and mentioned the perdition of their fathers who died in disbelief."
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The relations between the Muslims and their pagan fellow-tribesmen rapidly deteriorated; while the Quraysh had not previously shown significant opposition to Muhammad and his followers, his denounciation of the Meccan idols provoked hostile reactions.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[60] .However, the Qur'anic exegesis maintains that it began as soon as Muhammad started public preaching.^ The Qur'an, however, responds "constantly and often candidly to Muhammad's changing historical circumstances and contains a wealth of hidden data that are relevant to the task of the quest for the historical Muhammad."
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are, however, many Qur'anic stories which contradict the Biblical account (the revelation which came before).
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad soon reneged on his words after his own people began to question the contradiction between his previous claims and his new-found tolerance for other faiths.
  • Islam Watch - "Islam Caused Islamic World's Decline" by Andrew Stunich 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.islam-watch.org [Source type: Original source]

[61] .As the number of followers increased, he became a threat to the local tribes and the rulers of the city, whose wealth rested upon the Kaaba, the focal point of Meccan religious life, which Muhammad threatened to overthrow.^ According to Watt, "As the ranks of Muhammad's followers swelled, he became a threat to the local tribes and the rulers of the city, whose wealth rested upon the Kaaba, the focal point of Meccan religious life, which Muhammad threatened to overthrow.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the tribes arrived they camped around the city until they finally numbered more than thirty thousand.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The tribe of Khuz'aah had a friendly relationship with Muhammad, while on the other hand their enemies, the Banu Bakr, had an alliance with the Meccans.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Muhammad’s denunciation of the Meccan traditional religion was especially offensive to his own tribe, the Quraysh, as they were the guardians of the Ka'aba.^ Muhammad’s denunciation of the Meccan traditional religion was especially offensive to his own tribe, the Quraysh , as they were the guardians of the Ka'aba.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tribe of Khuz'aah had a friendly relationship with Muhammad, while on the other hand their enemies, the Banu Bakr, had an alliance with the Meccans.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The real problem is the possibility if not the probability that Muslims will now begin to exercise their muscle concerning written material they consider offensive to their religion and to themselves.
  • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[59] .The powerful merchants tried to convince Muhammad to abandon his preaching by offering him admission into the inner circle of merchants, and establishing his position therein by an advantageous marriage.^ They offered him admission into the inner circle of merchants and establishing his position in the circle by an advantageous marriage.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the beginning of his mission, Muhammad ( ) - hereinafter called the Prophet ( ) - opened his soul only to those who were attached to him and tried to free them from the gross practices of their forefathers.
  • Biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) - www.TurnToIslam.com 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.turntoislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ About 610, Muhammad, while in a cave on Mount Hira outside Mecca, had a vision in which he was called on to preach the message entrusted to him by God.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

However, he refused.[59]
.Tradition records at great length the persecution and ill-treatment of Muhammad and his followers.^ Tradition records at great length the persecution and ill-treatment of Muhammad and his followers.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the initial phase of his mission of preaching the unity of God, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his followers were severely persecuted and tortured by the polytheists.
  • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because of the great number of people who follow Muhammad and his religion, Islam, Carlye assumed that Muhammad was sincere and original.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

[14] .Sumayyah bint Khabbab, a slave of Abu Jahl and a prominent Meccan leader, is famous as the first martyr of Islam, having been killed with a spear by her master when she refused to give up her faith.^ They had also succeeded in killing many of the Meccan leaders, including Abu Jahl.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He refused to give up so he mounted again and rode on.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sumayya bint Khubbat, a slave of Abū Jahl and a prominent Meccan leader, is famous as the first martyr of Islam, having been killed with a spear by her master when she refused to give up her faith.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bilal, another Muslim slave, was tortured by Umayyah ibn Khalaf who placed a heavy rock on his chest to force his conversion.^ One such person was Bilal, the slave of Umayyah ibn Khalaf.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bilal , another Muslim slave, suffered torture at the hands of Umayya ibn khalaf by placing a heavy rock on his chest to force his conversion.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Muslim is not to have sexual relations with a woman who is married to someone else - except a slave girl: (4:24) [or 4:28].
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[62][63] .Apart from insults, Muhammad was protected from physical harm as he belonged to the Banu Hashim clan.^ Apart from insults, Muhammad was protected from physical harm due to belonging to the Banu Hashim.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Banu Hashim clan boycott begins .
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Muhammad Banu Hashim Cadet branch of the Banu Quraysh Died: June 8 632 .
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[64][65]
Location of Abyssinia (Aksumite Empire).
.In 615, some of Muhammad's followers emigrated to the Ethiopian Aksumite Empire and founded a small colony there under the protection of the Christian Ethiopian emperor Aṣḥama ibn Abjar.^ There, this man found some people.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Here they founded the city of Mecca, taking Ishmael and his mother under their protection.
  • Washington Irving, Mohammed and His Successors 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There was also criticism of the decision by some councils to ban Christian symbols in case they offended Muslims or other communities.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[14]
.An early hadith known as "The Story of the Cranes" (translation: قصة الغرانيق, transliteration: Qissat al Gharaneeq) was propagated by two Islamic scholars, Ibn Kathir al Dimashqi and Ibn Hijir al Masri, where the former has strengthened it and the latter called it fabricated[66] (see Science of hadith).^ Reproductive maturity is usually attained from one to two years after the first menstruation, with maximum fertility developing in the early 20s (Lamburg et al., 1973)....
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Usually the scholars seek to understand the Qur`an by reference to the hadith (traditions recording the sunna , that is the words and deeds of Muhammad and his Companions) and through tafsir (the Islamic science of interpreting the Qur`an) and other Islamic academic disciplines.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The story of Dehiyya al-Kahina malkat Afriqah (Queen of Africa) is told by Ibn Khaldun, in a literary biography in Hebrew by N. Sloushz.

The hadith describes Muhammad's involvement at the time of migration in an episode which historian William Muir called the "Satanic Verses." The account holds that Muhammad pronounced a verse acknowledging the existence of three Meccan goddesses considered to be the daughters of Allah, praising them, and appealing for their intercession. .According to this account, Muhammad later retracted the verses at the behest of Gabriel.^ Muhammad later retracted the verses saying Gabriel had instructed him to do so.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of note, according to Muslims, this is the same cave where the Qur'an (5 verses of the Sura Al-Alaque were revealed to him) began to be revealed to Muhammad.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What Muhammad produced in the Qur'an is simply a book of gibberish consisting of later evil verses abrogating (superseding) earlier peaceful verses.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[67] .Islamic scholars have weakened the hadith[68] and have denied the historicity of the incident as early as the tenth century.^ Starting in the tenth century, Islamic scholars began to reject the account.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This second book is saturated with relevant quotations from the Quran, the Hadith, the early Islamic biographies of Muhammad, and the early Islamic commentaries (tafsir) on the Quran.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ QR=12667 Shaikh Muhammad ibn Uthaymeen, was one of the most prominent Islamic scholars of the latter half of the twentieth century.
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

[69] .In any event, relations between the Muslims and their pagan fellow-tribesmen were already deteriorated and worsening.^ The relations between the Muslims and their pagan fellow-tribesmen rapidly deteriorated; while the Quraysh had not previously shown significant opposition to Muhammad and his followers, his denounciation of the Meccan idols provoked hostile reactions.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The relationship between Muhammad's followers and Muhammad's own Quraysh tribe, already bad, further worsened.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Does the list to be killed include fellow-Muslims if called hypocrites or polytheists, plus former Muslims if called apostates, and various non-Muslims such as Christians, Jews, and pagans?
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.In 617 the leaders of Makhzum and Banu Abd-Shams, two important Quraysh clans, declared a public boycott against Banu Hashim, their commercial rival, to pressurize it into withdrawing its protection of Muhammad.^ As long as Abu Talib was alive Muhammad was protected by the Hashim, even though that clan was the object of a boycott by other Quraysh after 616.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The leaders of Quraysh assembled in the house of their ancestor, Qusayy, as was customary when they had an important decision to make.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Behind him rode Usamah ibn Zayd, the son of his freed slave, rather than any sons of the Banu Hashim or of the Quraysh leaders, even though they were present.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

.The boycott lasted three years but eventually collapsed as it failed in its objective.^ "In the last three years, female activity -- as far as crews and gangs -- has risen," says Bridget T. Miller, coordinator of the District's Youth Gang Task Force.

^ Last year, gangs committed three-fourths of the drive-by shootings.

^ The woman was attacked in Queens late last year, part of an apparent pattern of at least three rapes in which the victims all gave similar descriptions of their attacker.

[70][71]

Last years in Mecca

Road to Ta'if in the foreground, mountains of Ta'if in the background (Saudi Arabia).
Muhammad's wife Khadijah and his uncle Abu Talib both died in 619, the year thus being known as the "year of sorrow." With the death of Abu Talib, the leadership of the Banu Hashim clan was passed to Abu Lahab, an inveterate enemy of Muhammad. .Soon afterwards, Abu Lahab withdrew the clan's protection from Muhammad.^ In Surat Al-Lahab both were destined to hell fire because Abu Lahab refused to support Muhammad and ridiculed him.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As long as Abu Talib was alive Muhammad was protected by the Hashim, even though that clan was the object of a boycott by other Quraysh after 616.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ About 619, however, Abu Talib died, and the new clan leader was unwilling to continue the protective arrangement.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.This placed Muhammad in danger of death since the withdrawal of clan protection implied that the blood revenge for his killing would not be exacted.^ Over the preceding 463 years since the death of Muhammad, Islamic warriors had overrun Syria, North Africa, Sicily, Sardinia and much of Spain.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ This represented a problem for Muhammad, since an adopted son was seen in that culture as equivalent to a natural son, so his marrying Zaynab would be perceived as incest.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They asked him if he realized that he could be killed for this, since the Islamic Law of Apostasy for anyone leaving Islam is death.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

.Muhammad then visited Ta'if, another important city in Arabia, and tried to find a protector for himself there, but his effort failed and further brought him into physical danger.^ He tries to hide himself from the camera but it's him.
  • American Samizdat: Rebel Scum Since 2001 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC amsam.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From now on Muhammad proceeded to rid himself of opposition dangerous to him.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, there is no new effort to find KSM, and he later goes on to mastermind the 9/11 attacks.

[14][71] .Muhammad was forced to return to Mecca.^ Muhammad (pbuh) returned to live with his mother in Mecca when he was about three years old.

^ Suhayl's son had come with his father with the idea of joining the Prophet (pbuh) but when the treaty was signed he was, of course, forced to return to Mecca.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After Muhammad had become well established as leader in Medina, he considered returning to Mecca to conquer it and to convert the population there to Islam.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

A Meccan man named Mut'im b. .Adi (and the protection of the tribe of Banu Nawfal) made it possible for him safely to re-enter his native city.^ The Banu Qaynuqa' were the first Jews to break the agreement they had made with the Messenger of Allah by insulting him and harming the Muslims.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the same year, the enemies of Islam made every possible attempt to stir up the tribes against the Muslims.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) - www.TurnToIslam.com 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.turntoislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Al-Muttalib returned to Mecca, entering the city at noon on his camel with Shaybah behind him.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[14][71]
.Many people were visiting Mecca on business or as pilgrims to the Kaaba.^ He was accompanied by fifteen hundred Muslims dressed as pilgrims for 'umrah in order to show people that they had come to visit the Ka'bah out of respect for it.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many orthodox people speak as though it were the business of sceptics to disprove received dogmas rather than of dogmatists to prove them.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris Takes On the Muslim Cartoon Controversy and His Critics 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Gabriel appeared to many people before his alleged visit to Muhammad and each time the first thing he did was to allay that person's fear.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

.Muhammad took this opportunity to look for a new home for himself and his followers.^ Incidentally, the reader may ask how Muhammad, who is himself a sinner, can purify and sanctify his followers, something only God can do.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although in the Quran he would limit his followers to having four wives, he himself took more than four wives and many concubines.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then Muhammad distorted a story which he took from the Old Testament, to convince the Muslims who were driven out of their homes in Mecca to fight their clans.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

.After several unsuccessful negotiations, he found hope with some men from Yathrib (later called Medina).^ Abu Sufyan and some other members of Quraysh were trading in Syria, a province of the Eastern Roman Empire (later to be called Byzantium).
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In some countries, people found guilty under shari’a law face penalties such as beheading, stoning, the severing of a hand or being lashed.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Another poll six months later found that 28% hoped that Britain would one day become a fundamentalist Islamic state under shari’a .
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[14] .The Arab population of Yathrib were familiar with monotheism because a Jewish community existed there.^ There used to be a substantial Jewish population in Persia that still has roots.
  • Sound Politics: Muhammad Cartoons 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC soundpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At least Israel and its insane population demonstrate, that there is no problem to be jewish - the blood-and-soil varia- tion - and a Nazi.
  • Rantings of a Sandmonkey » The IDF are MORONS 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.sandmonkey.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Among the Arab communities of North Africa, there was no postwar sense of Holocaust guilt.

[14] .Converts to Islam came from nearly all Arab tribes in Medina, such that by June of the subsequent year there were seventy-five Muslims coming to Mecca for pilgrimage and to meet Muhammad.^ Converted to Islam and joined the Muslims .
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The later suras came after Muhammad left Mecca and went to Medina.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By then Islam had spread in Mecca into Quraysh and all the Arab tribes.” .

.Meeting him secretly by night, the group made what was known as the "Second Pledge of al-`Aqaba", or the "Pledge of War"[72] Following the pledges at Aqabah, Muhammad encouraged his followers to emigrate to Yathrib.^ By Muhammad’s order we were sent secretly by night.
  • Jihad Watch: Spencer: Cartoon Rage vs. Freedom of Speech 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Before the night fell, on which Muhammad (pbuh) was to be killed, the Archangel Gabriel came to him and said, 'Do not sleep tonight in your own bed.'
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During this meeting the men from Yathrib offered to protect and defend the Prophet (pbuh) and his followers if they would come to live in Yathrib.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

As with the migration to Abyssinia, the Quraysh attempted to stop the emigration. .However, almost all Muslims managed to leave.^ As a convert from Islam, I meet many Christians from many denominations and today I know that almost 100% of all Christians do not understand the nature and the threat of Islam or what Christian minorities face in Muslim lands.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Certainly, they have their converts that they hold up as examples, however all of them seem to have been only nominal Muslims (at best) when they converted.
  • Rantings of a Sandmonkey » The IDF are MORONS 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.sandmonkey.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The European colonial powers have pulled out of almost all Muslim lands, but the colonization of the minds continues!
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Rantings of a Sandmonkey » The IDF are MORONS 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.sandmonkey.org [Source type: Original source]

[73]

Isra and Mi'raj

The Al-Aqsa Mosque, adjacent to the Dome of the Rock (along the southern wall of Temple Mount), is the site from which Muhammad is believed to have travelled to heaven and returned.
.Islamic tradition relates that in 620, Muhammad experienced the Isra and Mi'raj, a miraculous journey said to have occurred with the angel Gabriel in one night.^ Before the night fell, on which Muhammad (pbuh) was to be killed, the Archangel Gabriel came to him and said, 'Do not sleep tonight in your own bed.'
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They said that they thought that the old Arab tradition was better than the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) and that they believed that the Quraysh religion of worshipping many idols was better than the Prophet's with only one God.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Muslim Tradition (as opposed to historical and scientific evidence) Islam was created by Allah, but the final and truest revelations of Islam were "passed down" (Nazil) to humanity via the angel Jibril (Gabriel), to Muhammad.
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

.In the first part of the journey, the Isra, he is said to have travelled from Mecca to "the farthest mosque" (in Arabic: masjid al-aqsa), which Muslims usually identify with the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.^ Almighty Allah had said: Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) (above all that evil they associate with Him), Who took His slave Muhammad for a journey by night from AL Masjid al Haram (at Makka) to the farthest mosque (in Jerusalem), the neighborhood whereof We have blessed, order that We might show him (Muhammad) of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Almighty Allah had said: Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) (above all that evil they associate with Him), Who took His slave Muhammed ( ) for a journey by night from AL Masjid al Haram (at Makka) to the farthest mosque (in Jerusalem), the neighborhood whereof We have blessed, order that We might show him (Muhammed ( )) of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.
  • Biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) - www.TurnToIslam.com 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.turntoislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reproductive maturity is usually attained from one to two years after the first menstruation, with maximum fertility developing in the early 20s (Lamburg et al., 1973)....
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the second part, the Mi'raj, Muhammad is said to have toured heaven and hell, and spoken with earlier prophets, such as Abraham, Moses, and Jesus.^ Can the same be said of Muhammad that was said of Jesus?
  • Muhammad 3 February 2010 17:017 UTC debate.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prophet said, "O my daughter!
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Abraham said: My Lord!
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

[74] .Ibn Ishaq, author of the first biography of Muhammad, presents this event as a spiritual experience whereas later historians like Al-Tabari and Ibn Kathir present it as a physical journey.^ References: Sunan Ibn Majah, v2, Tradition #4082, The History Tabari al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar, Ch.
  • Alienshift, MARS, UFO, Alien, Pole Shift, Time Travel, 2012, IRAN, IRAQ, RUSSIA, CHINA, ARMAGEDDON, UFO Video, NASA, SUFISM, ASCENSION 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.alienshift.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "The FIRST experience successfully took place on June 11 at the Palo Alto farm in California with the press present."
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: General]

^ Two years later 'Abd al-Muttalib became ill and Muhammad (pbuh) stayed by him constantly.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[74]
.When he was transported to Heaven, he reported seeing an angel with "70,000 heads, each head having 70,000 mouths, each mouth having 70,000 tongues, each tongue speaking 70,000 languages; and every on involved in singing God's (Allah's) praises." After calculation this would mean the angel spoke 31,000 trillion languages for the praise of Allah.^ Any group of people who celebrates the praise of Allah will have the angels spread their wings over them, Allah’s mercy covers them, tranquility descends on them, and Allah mentions them to those around Him.

^ Most likely, the minute you opened your mouth, they would lop off your tongue and feed it to the camels.
  • Sound Politics: Muhammad Cartoons 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC soundpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the garden, I would see and hear racist slurs as vicious as any KKK member coming out of the mouths of African-Americans against El Salvadorans and Vietnamese.
  • Georgetown/On Faith: Obama's Latest Pastor Disaster - Jacques Berlinerblau 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Some western scholars of Islam hold that the oldest Muslim tradition identified the journey as one traveled through the heavens from the sacred enclosure at Mecca to the celestial al-Baytu l-Maʿmur (heavenly prototype of the Kaaba); but later tradition identified Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Jerusalem.^ Night journey of the prophet from Mecca to Jerusalem; and thence to the seventh heaven.
  • Washington Irving, Mohammed and His Successors 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Traditions concerning Mecca and the Kaaba.
  • Washington Irving, Mohammed and His Successors 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Usually the scholars seek to understand the Qur`an by reference to the hadith (traditions recording the sunna , that is the words and deeds of Muhammad and his Companions) and through tafsir (the Islamic science of interpreting the Qur`an) and other Islamic academic disciplines.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[75]
Timeline of Muhammad in Medina
Important dates and locations in the life of Muhammad in Medina
c. 618 Medinan Civil War
622 Emigrates to Medina (Hijra)
622 Ascension to heaven
624 Battle of Badr: Muslims defeat Makkahs
624 Expulsion of Banu Qaynuqa
625 Battle of Uhud: Makkahs defeat Muslims
625 Expulsion of Banu Nadir
627 Battle of the Trench
627 Demise of Banu Qurayza
628 Treaty of Hudaybiyyah
c. 628 Gains access to Makkah shrine Kaaba
628 Conquest of the Khaybar oasis
629 First hajj pilgrimage
629 Attack on Byzantine Empire fails: Battle of Mu'tah
630 Bloodless conquest of Makkah
c. 630 Battle of Hunayn
c. 630 Siege of Ta'if
c. 631 Rules most of the Arabian peninsula
c. 632 Attacks the Ghassanids: Tabuk
632 Farewell hajj pilgrimage
632 Death (June 8): Medina

Muhammad in Medina

Hijra

.A delegation consisting of the representatives of the twelve important clans of Medina, invited Muhammad as a neutral outsider to Medina to serve as chief arbitrator for the entire community.^ Twelve important men from Yathrib went to Mecca to meet the Prophet (pbuh) and promised faithfully to serve him and Islam.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[76][77] .There was fighting in Yathrib mainly involving its Arab and Jewish inhabitants for around a hundred years before 620.[76] The recurring slaughters and disagreements over the resulting claims, especially after the Battle of Bu'ath in which all clans were involved, made it obvious to them that the tribal conceptions of blood-feud and an eye for an eye were no longer workable unless there was one man with authority to adjudicate in disputed cases.^ There was no fight.

^ Before Muhammad the arabs had 365 gods - one for each day of the year.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The free-for-all has led to bitter exchanges involving abusive or threatening language – often from those claiming they are offended by indecency of the original group.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[76] .The delegation from Medina pledged themselves and their fellow-citizens to accept Muhammad into their community and physically protect him as one of themselves.^ Main articles: Migration to Medina and Muhammad in Medina A delegation from Medina, consisting of the representatives of the twelve important clans of Medina, invited Muhammad as a neutral outsider to Medina to serve as the chief arbitrator for the entire community.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Medina an organized Muslim community gradually came into existence under Muhammad's leadership.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad accepted her proposal of marriage as her wealth was more important to him than her age.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

[14]
.Muhammad instructed his followers to emigrate to Medina until virtually all his followers left Mecca.^ The later suras came after Muhammad left Mecca and went to Medina.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Henceforth Muhammad and his Allah stopped the practice of facing Jerusalem and ordered all prayers to henceforth be said while facing in the direction of Mecca.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In his fortieth year, Muhammad (pbuh) left Mecca to spend Ramadan, the traditional month of retreat, in the cave.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.Being alarmed at the departure of Muslims, according to the tradition, the Meccans plotted to assassinate Muhammad.^ Of note, according to Muslims, this is the same cave where the Qur'an (5 verses of the Surah Al-Alaque were revealed to him) began to be revealed to Muhammad.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Surah 29:27 states clearly that, as far as Allah and the Qur'an are concerned, the only true prophets are those related to Isaac ( Ishaq ) or Jacob ( Yaqoub ) ; yet Muhammad, according to Muslim tradition, is related to Ishmael and not Isaac or Jacob.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "According to Muslim historians, the Meccans were actually quite tolerant of Muhammad preaching his new religion.
  • Islam Watch - "Islam Caused Islamic World's Decline" by Andrew Stunich 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.islam-watch.org [Source type: Original source]

.With the help of Ali, Muhammad fooled the Meccans who were watching him, and secretly slipped away from the town with Abu Bakr.^ Abu Bakr consoled and comforted him.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Abu Bakr and Ali stayed with him.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The tribe of Khuz'aah had a friendly relationship with Muhammad, while on the other hand their enemies, the Banu Bakr, had an alliance with the Meccans.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[78] .By 622, Muhammad emigrated to Medina, a large agricultural oasis.^ The polytheistic Meccans resented Muhammad's attacks on their gods and finally he emigrated with a few followers to Medina.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Those who migrated from Mecca along with Muhammad became known as muhajirun (emigrants).^ Truly, those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger Muhammad - Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds for them will be an endless reward that will never stop (Paradise).
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Peace be upon those who follow the truth, who believe in Allah and His Prophet and who testify that there is no divinity but Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Muslim Qur'an was made up supposedly from "memory" from those who supposedly committed the words of Muhammad to memory, and from a few scraps found under a bed.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[14]

Establishment of a new polity

.Among the first things Muhammad did in order to settle down the longstanding grievances among the tribes of Medina was drafting a document known as the Constitution of Medina, "establishing a kind of alliance or federation" among the eight Medinan tribes and Muslim emigrants from Mecca, which specified the rights and duties of all citizens and the relationship of the different communities in Medina (including that of the Muslim community to other communities, specifically the Jews and other "Peoples of the Book").^ In all things Muhammad was profoundly practical.

^ The one thing that the Bush people did was to down play his abilities.
  • Georgetown/On Faith: Obama's Latest Pastor Disaster - Jacques Berlinerblau 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ This is exactly what Muhammad did to the tribes of people he attacked.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

[76][77] .The community defined in the Constitution of Medina, Ummah, had a religious outlook but was also shaped by practical considerations and substantially preserved the legal forms of the old Arab tribes.^ Christians under the Islamic Republic Since the 1979 Iranian Revolution the shari’a forms the basis of the Iranian constitution and legal system.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ When the Prophet settled at Medina, the tribes of Aws and Khazraj forgot entirely their old feuds and were united together in the bond of Islam.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It is time for Muslims to emphatically and publicly condemn the practice of slavery in any form and ensure that their legal codes supporting it are changed.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[14] .It effectively established the first Islamic state.^ Preacher: (Words) Presenter: The party will … has links to Saudi religious establishment … Pakistani elections, its aim is to set up an Islamic state run by shari’a law.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ He said he'd stated many times that the re-establishment of a single Islamic state would be peaceful.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Badawi also argues that in the early Islamic state apostasy was manipulated by the rulers and the establishment ulama for political aims.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.The first group of pagan converts to Islam in Medina were the clans who had not produced great leaders for themselves but had suffered from warlike leaders from other clans.^ Other ways of persecuting converts from Islam.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Not even the Pagans of Mecca, nor the Jews and Christians of Medina ever objected to it or used it as a point against Islam as anti-Islamic do today.

^ The most notorious convert to preach in Britain was Sheik Al-Feysal, who studied Islam at Riyadh University.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.This was followed by the general acceptance of Islam by the pagan population of Medina, apart from some exceptions.^ It seems unimaginable that the kind and generally peace-loving Muhammad would have desired that innocent strangers should be murdered, but some of his (extremist) followers believe that.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The turning-point in this controversy was the question of abrogation of the divine laws, inasmuch as a general acceptance of Islam presupposed the abolition of the earlier divine revelations.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eventually, he and his followers moved north to a city called Yathrib [Medina], where some members of two Arab tribes wanted Muhammad to be their prophet.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

.According to Ibn Ishaq, this was influenced by the conversion of Sa'd ibn Mu'adh (a prominent Medinan leader) to Islam.^ Sa'd ibn Mu'adh and Usayd ibn Hudayr became Muslims.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prophet of Allah sent Mu'adh ibn Jabal and Abu Musa to Yemen to invite the people to Islam and he advised them, 'Make things easy and not difficult.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sa'd ibn Mu'adh, whose tribe was closely allied with the Bani Quraydhah, tried to persuade their leader not to break the treaty with the Muslims, but he refused to listen.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[79] .Those Medinans who converted to Islam and helped the Muslim emigrants find shelter became known as the ansar (supporters).^ Converted to Islam and joined the Muslims .
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Every house of the Ansar became Muslim.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ansar The inhabitants of Medinah who became .
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[14] .Then Muhammad instituted brotherhood between the emigrants and the supporters and he chose Ali as his own brother.^ The relationship between Muhammad's followers and Muhammad's own Quraysh tribe, already bad, further worsened.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Shi'as accept the Sunna of Ali and the Imams as authoritative in addition to the Sunna of Muhammad, and as a consequence they maintain their own, different, collections of hadith.

[80]
.With the early general conversion of the pagans, the pagan opposition was never of prime importance in the affairs of Medina.^ MUHAMMAD'S EARLY TERRORIST ACTS               After moving to Medina, Muhammad began to have conflict with the Jews and pagans in the area.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

.Those remaining pagans were very bitter about the advance of Islam.^ Here's what they understand about those who reject Islam.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The earliest records of criticism of Islam are found in early Islamic writings about criticism from pagan Arabs , and from Jewish inhabitants of Arabia.

^ This was all done very secretly and only a very few people knew about Islam in those early days.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.In particular, Asma bint Marwan and Abu 'Afak had composed verses taunting and insulting the Muslims.^ Sam Shamoun has written an article concerning the killings of Abu Afak and Asma, Shamoun deems these killings as being wrong and of proof that the prophet Muhammad cannot be a true prophet.

^ Muhammad next moved against the female poetess Asma bint Marwan, who had never concealed her dislike Islam, and had composed couplets on the follow of trusting a stranger who fought his own people.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mo holding the head of Asma bint Marwan, a poetess who made fun of him in verse, with her .
  • Jihad Watch: Spencer: Cartoon Rage vs. Freedom of Speech 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: Original source]

.These two were assassinated and Muhammad did not disapprove of it.^ These codices go back to the year 350 A.D. that is almost two hundred and fifty years before the birth of Muhammad.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hence these two “Ayesha watching the Ethiopians” ahadith tell us that Ayesha was below the age of puberty more than two months after Muhammad had sex with her.
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The New Testament is preserved in almost perfect condition in these two Greek texts which both predate Muhammad and Islam by over 200 years.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.No one dared take vengeance on them, and some members of Asma bint Marwan's clan who previously converted to Islam in secret, now professed Islam openly.^ It can also be used to split up couples where one member converts from Islam.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Some have even considered converting to Islam.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ No one dared to say anything.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

This ended overt opposition to Muhammad among the pagans.[81]

Beginning of armed conflict

A map of the Badr campaign.
.Following the emigration, the Meccans seized the properties of the Muslim emigrants in Mecca.^ Seeing that the Muslims were leaving the city, they decided to kill the Prophet (pbuh), before he, too, left Mecca to join his followers in Yathrib.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While the Meccans made their plans, the Prophet's uncle, ‘Abbas, one the few Muslims still living in Mecca, sent a letter of warning to the Prophet (pbuh) in Medina.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Meccans were furious when they discovered that these Muslims had secretly left the city for among them were the sons and daughters of many of the leading families of Mecca.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[82] .Economically uprooted and with no available profession, the Muslim migrants turned to raiding Meccan caravans as an act of war, deliberately initiating armed conflict between the Muslims and Mecca.^ Lying to Muslims if it will end conflict between them.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Add to that fact, the reality that many of these Muslims are also economically and culturally disadvantaged and feel oppressed by the secular culture, and you have a recipe for conflict and resentment.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris on the Reality of Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was no physical threat to Muhammad and he did not urge people to commit violent acts against Muhammad or the Muslims.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

[83][84] .Muhammad delivered Qur'anic verses permitting the Muslims to fight the Meccans (see Qur'an 22:39–40).^ Muhammad delivered Qur'anic verses permitting the Muslims to fight the Meccans (see Qur'an 22:39-40 ) [62] These attacks provoked and pressured Mecca by interfering with trade, and allowed the Muslims to acquire wealth, power and prestige while working toward their ultimate goal of inducing Mecca's submission to the new faith.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Captive women could be taken as concubines, special permission being granted to Muhammad to allow him to do this in a Qur'anic verse: O prophet!
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Move revelations were given to Muhammad to convince the Muslims to fight: When thy Lord inspired the angels, (saying:) I am with you.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

[85] .These attacks pressured Mecca by interfering with trade, and allowed the Muslims to acquire wealth, power and prestige while working towards their ultimate goal of inducing Mecca's submission to the new faith.^ Muhammad delivered Qur'anic verses permitting the Muslims to fight the Meccans (see Qur'an 22:39-40 ) [62] These attacks provoked and pressured Mecca by interfering with trade, and allowed the Muslims to acquire wealth, power and prestige while working toward their ultimate goal of inducing Mecca's submission to the new faith.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Muslims asked the Prophet (pbuh) to allow them to leave Mecca.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is faith in the ultimate victory of truth that has made these people seek an active role in working towards social reforms and other related matters.
  • Alienshift, MARS, UFO, Alien, Pole Shift, Time Travel, 2012, IRAN, IRAQ, RUSSIA, CHINA, ARMAGEDDON, UFO Video, NASA, SUFISM, ASCENSION 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.alienshift.com [Source type: Original source]

[86][87] .In March of 624, Muhammad led some three hundred warriors in a raid on a Meccan merchant caravan.^ Muhammad continued his raids against the Meccans.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad led twenty nine raids.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Another famous female Amazigh warrior was Barshako who dressed as a man and led camel raids on other tribes.

The Muslims set an ambush for them at Badr.[88] .Aware of the plan, the Meccan caravan eluded the Muslims.^ Aware of the plan, the Meccan caravan eluded Muslims.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While the Meccans made their plans, the Prophet's uncle, ‘Abbas, one the few Muslims still living in Mecca, sent a letter of warning to the Prophet (pbuh) in Medina.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Abu Sufyan, in the meantime, heard about the Muslims' plan and Quickly sent a message to Quraysh in Mecca, telling them that the caravan was in danger and asking for help.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.Meanwhile, a force from Mecca was sent to protect the caravan, continuing forward to confront the Muslims upon hearing that the caravan was safe.^ Meanwhile a force from Mecca was sent to protect the caravan.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The force did not return home upon hearing that the caravan was safe.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Upon hearing of the approaching 1,400 Muslims, the Quraysh sent out a force of 200 cavalry to halt them.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Battle of Badr began in March of 624.[89] Though outnumbered more than three to one, the Muslims won the battle, killing at least forty-five Meccans with only fourteen Muslims dead.^ So one more or one less dead kike?
  • Rantings of a Sandmonkey » The IDF are MORONS 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.sandmonkey.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And more than one in five of the population in Italy is now over 65.

^ The Muslims numbered only three thousand.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.They also succeeded in killing many Meccan leaders, including Abu Jahl.^ Among the leading Meccans who died were Abu Jahl and Umayyah ibn Khalaf, who was killed by his former slave, Bilal.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I pointed Abu Jahl out to them and they attacked him like two falcons until they struck him down.'
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many Muslims were killed and instead of winning they began to lose the battle.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[90] .Seventy prisoners had been acquired, many of whom were soon ransomed in return for wealth or freed.^ Slave caravan prisoners of war were to be killed, exchanged for Muslim prisoners of war, freed for ransom, or enslaved.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ All seventy of the prisoners were ransomed, and any prisoner who did not fetch a ransom had his head chopped off.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[83][91][92] .Muhammad and his followers saw in the victory a confirmation of their faith.^ Muhammad and his followers saw in the victory a confirmation of their faith.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When men saw the great booty that could be gained by following Muhammad they began arriving in droves.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad's followers obtained (624) victory at Badr but were defeated at Uhud a year later.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

[14] .The Qur'anic verses of this period, unlike the Meccan ones, dealt with practical problems of government and issues like the distribution of spoils.^ The verses of the Qur’an are recited like a poem.
  • A Must See Coming of Prophet Muhammad (s) Prophecies In The Bible « THE ONLY TRUE RELIGION DEBATE 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC truereligiondebate.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of them was called the verse of Stoning, and is said to have contained the order to stone a man or woman who had committed adultery....This verse is said to have been part of the original Qur'an.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Captive women could be taken as concubines, special permission being granted to Muhammad to allow him to do this in a Qur'anic verse: O prophet!
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[93]
.Muhammad expelled from Medina the Banu Qaynuqa, one of three main Jewish tribes.^ (Khaibar also provided Muhammad with one of his wives, Safiya, a leading Jewish woman of Khaibar whom he selected for himself from among the enslaved captives.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ In those days, Muhammad realized he could only capture Mecca and Medina with Jewish help.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Qur'an is also one uneducated man's (Muhammad) feeble attempt to piece together Christian and Jewish theology.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[14] .Following the Battle of Badr, Muhammad also made mutual-aid alliances with a number of Bedouin tribes to protect his community from attacks from the northern part of Hijaz.^ He also made mutual-aid alliances with a number of Bedouin tribes to protect his community from attacks from the northern part of Hijaz.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Muhammad needed an excuse to attack them so he made a girl married to one of his followers, pretend that she had been teased by the Jews.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Along with an article with the headline: “Palestinian Archbishop tells Christians to take part in Suicide attacks against Israel” with full details following.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris on the Reality of Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

[14]

Conflict with Mecca

Map of the Battle of Uhud, showing the Muslim and Meccan lines respectively.
.The attack at Badr committed Muhammad to total war with Meccans, who were now anxious to avenge their defeat.^ The attack at Badr committed Muhammad to total war with Meccans, who were now anxious to avenge their defeat.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Abu-Bakr suggested to Muhammad to take ransom from the prisoners of war at the battle of Badr and free them, Omar suggested that the prisoners of that war should all be killed.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Muslim Qur'an was made up supposedly from "memory" from those who supposedly committed the words of Muhammad to memory, and from a few scraps found under a bed.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.To maintain their economic prosperity, the Meccans needed to restore their prestige, which had been lost at Badr.^ To maintain their economic prosperity after the battle of Badr, the Meccans needed to restore their prestige, which had been lost at Badr.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[94] .In the ensuing months, Muhammad led expeditions on tribes allied with Mecca and sent out a raid on a Meccan caravan.^ The Meccans got word of the raid and sent out an army to protect the caravan.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad continued his raids against the Meccans.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Attacks on caravans from Mecca led to war with the Meccans.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

[95] .Abu Sufyan subsequently gathered an army of three thousand men and set out for an attack on Medina.^ The Muslims could gather only an army of three thousand men.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) - www.TurnToIslam.com 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.turntoislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He left Madinah with ten thousand men in Ramadan 8 A.H. and advanced as far as Marr az-Zahran where they set up camp.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A force constituting of one thousand men marched under Abu Jahl, a great enemy of Islam, towards Medina to attack the city.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) - www.TurnToIslam.com 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.turntoislam.com [Source type: Original source]

[96]
.A scout alerted Muhammad of the Meccan army's presence and numbers a day later.^ The question of the number of women with whom Muhammad was sexually involved either as wives, concubines or devotees was made a point of contention by the Jews in Muhammad's day.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This left the Prophet (pbuh) with only seven hundred men to meet the enormous Meccan army, which numbered three thousand.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A few days later in the year 625 , the Meccan leader Abu Sufyan marched on Medina with three thousand men.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The next morning, at the Muslim conference of war, there was dispute over how best to repel the Meccans.^ And after year 1948, May there are more wars then ever.Did you know how the Philippines were established???.
  • Islam Watch - "Islam Caused Islamic World's Decline" by Andrew Stunich 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.islam-watch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prophet (pbuh) then told Abu Sufyan to go back to Mecca and tell the people that the Muslims would enter the city the next morning.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It matters less how many atheists there are in a nominally Muslim country than how watered down and diluted the religion of the believers is.
  • Michael J. Totten: Al Qaeda in Lebanon - CONTINUOUSLY UPDATED 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

.Muhammad and many senior figures suggested that it would be safer to fight within Medina and take advantage of its heavily fortified strongholds.^ States like Iran and Syria take advantage of the decentralization to make it easier and more deniable to fight the west, given the latter's gullibility.
  • Michael J. Totten: Another Hostage in Iran 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On top of all this, there is ample evidence that militant influences and some governments within the Muslim world community are taking advantage of this situation to fan the flames.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris on the Reality of Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many Muslims today use Muhammad's second hijra (migration) to Medina as the model for how Muslims should behave when in a non-Muslim society i.e.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Younger Muslims argued that the Meccans were destroying their crops, and that huddling in the strongholds would destroy Muslim prestige.^ At first the battle began in single combat when one of Quraysh swore that he would drink from the Muslims' reservoir and then destroy it, or die in the attempt.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, the Meccans failed to achieve their aim of destroying the Muslims completely.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In this way the Muslims had enough drinking water for themselves, while the Meccans would have to cross the valley and fight the Muslims in order to get water.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.Muhammad eventually conceded to the wishes of the latter, and readied the Muslim force for battle.^ In addition, a rumour spread among the people that the Prophet had been killed, just as had occurred in the Battle of Uhud, and the Muslim forces retreated still further.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Surah 3: 137-139 warns that Muslims are to remain firm, even if Muhammad were to be killed in battle.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The four caliphs who came after Muhammad discouraged the enslavement of Muslims and it was eventually prohibited, but the enslavement of non-Muslims continued apace.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Thus, Muhammad led his force outside to the mountain of Uhud (where the Meccans had camped) and fought the Battle of Uhud on March 23.[97][98] Although the Muslim army had the best of the early encounters, indiscipline on the part of strategically placed archers led to a Muslim defeat, with 75 Muslims killed including Hamza, Muhammad's uncle and one of the best known martyrs in the Muslim tradition.^ Battle of Uhud : Meccans defeat Muslims .
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of the Muslims, seventy men were killed, among whom was the Prophet's uncle Hamza.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Battle of Badr : Muslims defeat Meccans .
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Meccans did not pursue the Muslims further, but marched back to Mecca declaring victory.^ The Muslims agreed to send any Meccan who did not have their guardian's permission back to Mecca.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Meccans did not occupy the town however and withdrew to Mecca because they could not attack on Muhammad's position again for military loss, low morale and possibility of Muslim resistance in the town.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Messenger of God (SAAS) invoked God’s greatness, saying Allahu Akbar, ?God is the most Great’, as at a victory, and the Muslims did so as well.

.They were not entirely successful, however, as they had failed to achieve their aim of completely destroying the Muslims.^ I They realised that their plan had failed completely.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Islam) including the threat that if the non-Muslims do not convert they will be subject to a destructive military attack ( jihad ) aimed at subjugating Jews and Christians, and annihilating other non-Muslims.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ However, either this warning isn’t given to immigration officials or else they fail to notice his application.

[99][100] .The Muslims buried the dead, and returned to Medina that evening.^ The Muslims searched for their dead and buried them.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Among the many good works done by this society was the taking over of dead bodies of Muslims from hospitals for proper burial.

^ Having rigorously performed all the ceremonies of the pilgrimage, that his example might be followed by all Muslims for all succeeding ages, the Prophet returned with his followers to Medina.
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

.Questions accumulated as to the reasons for the loss, and Muhammad subsequently delivered Qur'anic verses [Qur'an 3:152] which indicated that their defeat was partly a punishment for disobedience and partly a test for steadfastness.^ Of note, according to Muslims, this is the same cave where the Qur'an (5 verses of the Sura Al-Alaque were revealed to him) began to be revealed to Muhammad.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What Muhammad produced in the Qur'an is simply a book of gibberish consisting of later evil verses abrogating (superseding) earlier peaceful verses.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad became sad, then Gabriel delivered this verse to him to comfort him."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[101]
.Abu Sufyan now directed his efforts towards another attack on Medina.^ In April 627 , Abu Sufyan led this army in an attack on Medina.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Abu Sufyan heard that the Muslims had set out to intercept him, he turned his caravan towards the coast.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hopefully “y’all” have learned something this time…but then again, it may take another attack from a world (now, thanks to Dubbya & Co.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris Takes On the Muslim Cartoon Controversy and His Critics 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

.He attracted the support of nomadic tribes to the north and east of Medina, using propaganda about Muhammad's weakness, promises of booty, memories of the prestige of the Quraysh and use of bribes.^ Eventually, he and his followers moved north to a city called Yathrib [Medina], where some members of two Arab tribes wanted Muhammad to be their prophet.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad's marriage to Khadija assured him of prestige among his tribe, the tribe of Quraysh (THE MIND CRISIS IN ISLAM, page 89, written by Mustafa Geha).
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many Muslims today use Muhammad's second hijra (migration) to Medina as the model for how Muslims should behave when in a non-Muslim society i.e.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[102] .Muhammad's policy was now to prevent alliances against him as much as he could.^ Now that he was alone Muhammad (pbuh) could not understand what had happened to him.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Surat Al-Isra Muhammad's contemporaries asked him to perform a miracle so that they could believe in him.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The prophet had preached the doctrine that war against the unbelievers was a religious duty; and now he could claim that God was on his side.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Whenever alliances of tribesmen against Medina were formed, he sent out an expedition to break them up.^ It was only then that the religious tendency which had arisen out of a reaction against the heathenism of Arabia took on the form of a real, positive institution.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Resentment has steadily built up against northern Nigerians who have dominated the government and the military for 28 out of Nigeria's 38 years of sovereign existence.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Whenever a bully pulpit spits out a whopper, folks in other faiths work up a sweat.
  • Georgetown/On Faith: Obama's Latest Pastor Disaster - Jacques Berlinerblau 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[102] .When Muhammad heard of men massing with hostile intentions against Medina, he reacted with severity.^ Men and women, young and old, all were killed because of Muhammad's hatred toward those who spoke out against him.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Battle with the Quraiza Jews - Poisoning of Muhammad Muhammad was not divine He did no miracles, made no worthwhile prophecies, and he died like all mortal men Muhammad marched with 3,000 followers against 2,000 Quraiza Jews, shortly after the siege of Medina ended.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The increasing bitterness of this vituperation, which was similarly directed against the less numerous Christians of Medina, indicated that in time Mohammed would not hesitate to proceed to actual hostilities.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

[103] .One example is the assassination of Ka'b ibn al-Ashraf, a chieftain of the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadir who had gone to Mecca and written poems that helped rouse the Meccans' grief, anger and desire for revenge after the Battle of Badr.^ Attacks the Banu al-Nadir.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Jewish tribe of Bani Quraydhah, who had stood by the, agreement with the Muslims, were pressed by a Jewish emissary from the enemy without, to break their promise.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The story did not end there, however, for shortly afterwards Hawazin and most of the other tribes came to Mecca and declared themselves Muslim, including Malik Ibn Awf, who had led them in battle and whom the Prophet (pbuh) now made their leader.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[104] .Around a year later, Muhammad expelled the Banu Nadir from Medina.^ Muhammad dies June 8, 632 A.D. in Medina In the third month of the eleventh year of Hijra, M u hammad fell sick and layed in the house of his wife Ayisha in Medina.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He expelled the Jewish Banu Nadir , confiscating their land and a large amount of military gear.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many Years later, Muhammad had a vision in the desert north of Mecca in which he believed he was commanded to preach.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

[105] .Muhammad's attempts to prevent formation of a confederation against him were unsuccessful, though he was able to increase his own forces and stop many potential tribes from joining his enemies.^ Attempts to reach him and his relatives were unsuccessful.

^ When the Prophet (pbuh) heard what the enemy tribes were planning, he found himself forced to fight and ordered his army towards Ta’if.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To prevent jealousy among his many wives, Muhammad would schedule his time equally among them, spending one night with each in turn.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

[106]

Siege of Medina

Battle of Khandaq (Battle of the Trench).
.With the help of the exiled Banu Nadir, the Quraysh military leader Abu Sufyan had mustered a force of 10,000 men.^ Abu Sufyan One of the leaders of Quraysh who led the .
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the leaders of Quraysh were proud and stubborn men.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A force constituting of one thousand men marched under Abu Jahl, a great enemy of Islam, towards Medina to attack the city.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

.Muhammad prepared a force of about 3000 men and adopted a new form of defense unknown in Arabia at that time: the Muslims dug a trench wherever Medina lay open to cavalry attack.^ Muhammad dies June 8, 632 A.D. in Medina In the third month of the eleventh year of Hijra, M u hammad fell sick and layed in the house of his wife Ayisha in Medina.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All Muslim children today, world wide, are taught about this impressive accomplishment of Muhammad.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A force constituting of one thousand men marched under Abu Jahl, a great enemy of Islam, towards Medina to attack the city.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

.The idea is credited to a Persian convert to Islam, Salman the Persian.^ He was able to convert to Islam all the Persian colony in that province.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

.The siege of Medina began on March 31 627 and lasted for two weeks.^ Khalid Shaikh Mohammed (KSM) gives a course lasting one or two weeks for three operatives scheduled to take part in the 9/11 operation.

^ Last summer a two-week Islamic studies course was arranged at the mosque, and our reporter was accepted onto it.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Animal rights campaigners who accompanied Miss Isikalp last week said that at least two of the dogs had been sexually abused .

[107] .Abu Sufyan's troops were unprepared for the fortifications they were confronted with, and after an ineffectual siege lasting several weeks, the coalition decided to go home.^ Abu Sufyan's troops were unprepared for the fortifications they were confronted with, and after an ineffectual siege, the coalition decided to go home.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Police swooped after they were tipped off by a teenager who walked into a London police station last week and gave himself up.

^ They were accompanied by some prominent women of Mecca, such as Hind bint Utbah , the wife of Abu Sufyan, who had lost family members at Badr.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[108] The Qur'an discusses this battle in verses Qur'an 33:9-33:27.[61] .During the battle, the Jewish tribe of Banu Qurayza, located at the south of Medina, had entered into negotiations with Meccan forces to revolt against Muhammad.^ Muhammad continued his raids against the Meccans.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of these clans, the Banu Qurayza, was accused of plotting against Muhammad during the siege of Medina; in retaliation all of the clan's men were killed and the women and children sold into slavery.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ MURDER, SLAVERY: After the Battle of the Trench (Armstrong p 18), all the Jewish men of the Qurayzah tribe were murdered, and the Jewish women and children were enslaved.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Although they were swayed by suggestions that Muhammad was sure to be overwhelmed, they desired reassurance in case the confederacy was unable to destroy him.^ In Surat Al-Isra Muhammad's contemporaries asked him to perform a miracle so that they could believe in him.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The last time the Jews ignored a tyrant's stated desire to destroy Jews they experienced the Holocaust.
  • Islam Watch - "Islam Caused Islamic World's Decline" by Andrew Stunich 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.islam-watch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They said, 'Muhammad has best men, so help us to fight him so that we may avenge those we have lost.'
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.No agreement was reached after the prolonged negotiations, in part due to sabotage attempts by Muhammad's scouts.^ Khatami said that if the point of interreligious dialogue were to reach a negotiated agreement on divine truths obviously no real believer would be willing to engage in dialogue.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no treaty or agreement between us and Muhammad,' the Banu Qurayzah alleged.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

[109] .After the coalition's retreat, the Muslims accused the Banu Qurayza of treachery and besieged them in their forts for 25 days.^ The Muslims besieged them for twenty-five days until they finally gave in.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Muslims blockaded the fort of the Banu Qaynuqa for fifteen days until the starving Jews surrendered.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sa'd ibn Mu'adh's sentence was carried out on the Banu Qurayzah and the Muslims were made safe from any acts of treachery.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Banu Qurayza eventually surrendered and all the men, apart from a few who converted to Islam, were beheaded, while the women and children were enslaved.^ I am a tribal leader, with men and women and children who follow me.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All men and women are born equal.Who has Divine Promise (2) .
  • A Must See Coming of Prophet Muhammad (s) Prophecies In The Bible « THE ONLY TRUE RELIGION DEBATE 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC truereligiondebate.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Women are equal to men in Islam.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[110][111] .In the siege of Medina, the Meccans exerted their utmost strength towards the destruction of the Muslim community.^ Since 624 AD (2 AH) the Muslims of Medina had been facing Mecca during worship (earlier, they had apparently turned toward Jerusalem).
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 627, however, they successfully defended Medina against a siege by 10,000 Meccans.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While the Meccans made their plans, the Prophet's uncle, ‘Abbas, one the few Muslims still living in Mecca, sent a letter of warning to the Prophet (pbuh) in Medina.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.Their failure resulted in a significant loss of prestige; their trade with Syria was gone.^ They seem to think that would result in even greater loss of prestige.
  • Rantings of a Sandmonkey » The IDF are MORONS 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.sandmonkey.org [Source type: Original source]

[112] .Following the Battle of the Trench, Muhammad made two expeditions to the north which ended without any fighting.^ Muhammad himself did not fight, directing the battle from a nearby hut alongside Abu Bakr.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The remarkable circumstances, which led to the victory of Badr, and results, which followed from it, made a deep impression on the minds of the Muslims; the angels of the heaven had battled on their side against their enemies.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Battle of Uhud: Muhammad himself wore two coats of mail, brandished a sword and had a tooth knocked out.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[14] .While returning from one of these (or some years earlier according to other early accounts), an accusation of adultery was made against Aisha, Muhammad's wife.^ During this period, Muhammad's wife Aisha was accused of adultery.
  • What is Prophet Muhammad? 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have made accusations of no one.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Not yet, but we will, one of these years.

.Aisha was exonerated from the accusations when Muhammad announced that he had received a revelation confirming Aisha's innocence and directing that charges of adultery be supported by four eyewitnesses.^ Muhammad immediately thereafter received a revelation (sura 33.25) which justified these horrendous actions.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Allah" gave Muhammad a "revelation" allowing him to break his word, the "agreement" with the pagan Arabs and attack them after the four sacred months were over.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Main article: Criticism of Muhammad See also: Aisha's age at marriage Muslims consider Muhammad to be the final and greatest prophet, the messenger of the final revelation that he called the Qur'an .

[113]

Truce of Hudaybiyyah

.Although Muhammad had already delivered Qur'anic verses commanding the Hajj,[114] the Muslims had not performed it due to the enmity of the Quraysh.^ A Qur'anic warning against friendship with non-Muslims is also seen as lending support to the doctrine of taqiyya because of the phrase "by way of precaution" which can be interpreted as pretended friendship.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Is it possible that the Muslim Qur'an is nothing more than an entire book of Satanic lies & verses that "tickle Arab ears"?
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As you can see from these verses below in the Qur'an (Koran) , the Gospel of Jesus and the Jewish Torah are the divine Word of Allah , and Muhammad commanded the reading of the Holy Inj i l (Gospel of Jesus) and the Torah (Taurat) as part of Islam.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the month of Shawwal 628, Muhammad ordered his followers to obtain sacrificial animals and to make preparations for a pilgrimage (umrah) to Mecca, saying that God had promised him the fulfillment of this goal in a vision where he was shaving his head after the completion of the Hajj.^ By sending Muhammad, God fulfilled His above promise and also the following promise to Abraham; .
  • A Must See Coming of Prophet Muhammad (s) Prophecies In The Bible « THE ONLY TRUE RELIGION DEBATE 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC truereligiondebate.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Very late, he realized that his people were not yet ready for a battle, and so he entered into negotiations with the Meccans [628] regarding permission to make a Pilgrimage to Mecca the following year, in return for Muhammad's promises of a few simple things (the Peace of Hudaibiya, 628).
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Later on he returned to Christianity again and he used to say: "Muhammad knows nothing but what I have written for him."
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[115] .Upon hearing of the approaching 1,400 Muslims, the Quraysh sent out a force of 200 cavalry to halt them.^ A large armed police force was rushed to the scene, and all traffic in and out of the area was halted, newspaper Stavanger Aftenbladet reported on its web site.

^ With that in mind check out this post over at ThinkProgress.org, about an anti-Muslim letter sent to constituents by Rep.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Khalid Ibn al-Walid, Commander of the Quraysh cavalry, saw what' happening and quickly turned his men around and ordered them to attack the Muslims from behind.
  • PROPHET MOHAMMAD(pbuh)PART1 18 September 2009 15:19 UTC www.samyonline.freeservers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.Muhammad evaded them by taking a more difficult route, thereby reaching al-Hudaybiyya, just outside of Mecca.^ They traveled for many days until finally they reached the arid valley of Bacca (later to be called Mecca), which was on one of the great caravan routes.

^ They traveled for many days until finally they reached the arid valley of Bacca later to be called Mecca), which was on one of the great caravan routes.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ About 610, Muhammad, while in a cave on Mount Hira outside Mecca, had a vision in which he was called on to preach the message entrusted to him by God.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

[116] .According to Watt, although Muhammad's decision to make the pilgrimage was based on his dream, he was at the same time demonstrating to the pagan Meccans that Islam does not threaten the prestige of their sanctuary, and that Islam was an Arabian religion.^ Islam is a religion based on intimidation and fear .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Again in verse 85 of the same Surat: If anyone desires a religion other than Islam, never will it be accepted of him; and in the hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Islam is very much a deeds-based religion where God is keeping score .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[116]
A rendering of the seal attributed to Muhammad used in the letters sent to other heads of state.
Negotiations commenced with emissaries going to and from Mecca. .While these continued, rumors spread that one of the Muslim negotiators, Uthman bin al-Affan, had been killed by the Quraysh.^ At first the battle began in single combat when one of Quraysh swore that he would drink from the Muslims' reservoir and then destroy it, or die in the attempt.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition, a rumour spread among the people that the Prophet had been killed, just as had occurred in the Battle of Uhud, and the Muslim forces retreated still further.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, some of the Companions disliked these terms, including `Umar bin Al-Khattab, as we will mention in detail, Allah willing, while explaining this Surah.

.Muhammad responded by calling upon the pilgrims to make a pledge not to flee (or to stick with Muhammad, whatever decision he made) if the situation descended into war with Mecca.^ Then he made the decision to vote to fund the war.
  • Georgetown/On Faith: Obama's Latest Pastor Disaster - Jacques Berlinerblau 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ The war, economy, jobs, and add the Clintons to the list if they make ot back into the white house.
  • Georgetown/On Faith: Obama's Latest Pastor Disaster - Jacques Berlinerblau 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ They eventually made a pledge to support Muhammad in war against the Quraysh [Guillaume, op cit, page 205].
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

This pledge became known as the "Pledge of Acceptance" (Arabic: بيعة الرضوان , bay'at al-ridhwān‎) or the "Pledge under the Tree." News of Uthman's safety, however, allowed for negotiations to continue, and a treaty scheduled to last ten years was eventually signed between the Muslims and Quraysh.[116][117] .The main points of the treaty included the cessation of hostilities; the deferral of Muhammad's pilgrimage to the following year; and an agreement to send back any Meccan who had gone to Medina without the permission of their protector.^ The Muslims agreed to send any Meccan who did not have their guardian's permission back to Mecca.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He married her to the prophet Muhammad without her permission.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It provided for a cessation of hostilities for ten years.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

[116]
.Many Muslims were not satisfied with the terms of the treaty.^ In accordance with the terms of the treaty, the Muslims left Mecca at the end of three day's visit.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

.However, the Qur'anic sura "Al-Fath" (The Victory) (Qur'an 48:1-29) assured the Muslims that the expedition from which they were now returning must be considered a victorious one.^ ALL STUDENTS IN WEST SUMATRA, Indonesia, from elementary school through to secondary education, must now pass a written and oral examination on the Qur'an.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ They must have been calm enough to think at one time.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris on the Reality of Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A Qur'anic warning against friendship with non-Muslims is also seen as lending support to the doctrine of taqiyya because of the phrase "by way of precaution" which can be interpreted as pretended friendship.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[118] .It was only later that Muhammad's followers would realise the benefit behind this treaty.^ So too with the practice of making tactical treaties and truces only to break them later.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ It seems unimaginable that the kind and generally peace-loving Muhammad would have desired that innocent strangers should be murdered, but some of his (extremist) followers believe that.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To motivate his followers to pay alms to him, that he would pray for them or meet them in private for counsel, Muhammad needed a revelation.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

.According to Welch, these benefits included the inducing of the Meccans to recognise Muhammad as an equal; a cessation of military activity posing well for the future; and gaining the admiration of Meccans who were impressed by the incorporation of the pilgrimage rituals.^ According to these thinkers - the Qadarites and the Mutazilites, of the 8th to 10th centuries - the Koranic message of the justice of God "who does not wrong people" (".
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This successful battle and its great booty, after years of failure and military loses (including the Battle of **Uhud in 625 AD, where the Muslims and Muhammad were routed) launched Muhammad as a force to be reckoned with.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the passage below, Muhammad attempts to make himself equal to the sinless Jesus who showed his divinity by many miracles.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[14]
.After signing the truce, Muhammad made an expedition against the Jewish oasis of Khaybar, known as the Battle of Khaybar.^ The remarkable circumstances, which led to the victory of Badr, and results, which followed from it, made a deep impression on the minds of the Muslims; the angels of the heaven had battled on their side against their enemies.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

^ They eventually made a pledge to support Muhammad in war against the Quraysh [Guillaume, op cit, page 205].
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two years later, in the oasis of Khaybar, a different fate befell another Jewish group.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.This was possibly due to it housing the Banu Nadir, who were inciting hostilities against Muhammad, or to regain some prestige to deflect from what appeared to some Muslims as the inconclusive result of the truce of Hudaybiyya.^ Also, t he Hadith makes it clear that Muhammad was a sinner--NOT sinless as some Muslims now claim: "Muhammad replied..."O Allah, set me apart from my sins..."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ NONE! The reason that Muhammad waited was probably due to the fact that Aishah's had contracted some disease, in which she, temporarily lost her hair.
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One in four Americans admitted to harboring prejudice toward Muslims, the same proportion that expressed some personal bias against Arabs.

[96][119] .According to Muslim tradition, Muhammad also sent letters to many rulers of the world, asking them to convert to Islam (the exact date is given variously in the sources).^ Converted to Islam and joined the Muslims .
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While the other major world religions have been fertile sources of intolerance, it is clear that the doctrine of Islam poses unique problems for the emergence of a global civilization.
  • Sam Harris on the Reality of Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.venusproject.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris on the Reality of Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Among the rest, five princes of the tribe of Himyar professed Islam and sent ambassadors to notify Muhammad of the same.

[14][120][121] .Hence he sent messengers (with letters) to Heraclius of the Byzantine Empire (the eastern Roman Empire), Khosrau of Persia, the chief of Yemen and to some others.^ As with Syria and Persia, a messenger was also sent to the Negus (or King) of Abyssinia, with the following letter: .
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Look what happened to the Persian and Eastern Roman empires!
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The Expedition to Mu'tah AN ASSASSINATION: The Messenger of Allah sent al-Harith ibn Umayr al-Azdi with a letter to Shurahbil ibn Amr al-Ghassani, provincial governor of Busra, under the Byzantine emperor, Heraclius.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

[120][121] .In the years following the truce of Hudaybiyya, Muhammad sent his forces against the Arabs on Transjordanian Byzantine soil in the Battle of Mu'tah, in which the Muslims were defeated.^ Muslim terrorists follow in Muhammad's footsteps.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition, a rumour spread among the people that the Prophet had been killed, just as had occurred in the Battle of Uhud, and the Muslim forces retreated still further.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Islam was a paradigm of the seventh-century Arab social and political nomadic structure familiar to Muhammad and his earliest followers.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[122]

Final years

Conquest of Mecca

The Kaaba in Mecca held a major economic and religious role for the area. It became the Muslim Qibla (prayer direction).
.
An anonymous artist's 16th-century illustration of Muhammad and his companions advancing on Mecca.
^ ADVANCE INFORMATION: While the Muslims were fighting at Mu'tah, Muhammad described the battle scene to his Companions in Madinah.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

The angels Gabriel, Michael, Israfil and Azrail, are also shown.
.
Muhammad prohibits intercalary months during the Farewell Pilgrimage.
^ On the return of the sacred month of pilgrimage, the Prophet, under the presentiment of his approaching end, determined to make a farewell pilgrimage to Mecca.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It is stigmatized among Arabian writers as al Fadjar, or the impious war, having been carried on during the sacred months of pilgrimage.
  • Washington Irving, Mohammed and His Successors 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In the tenth year after the Hijra, Muhammad made his farewell pilgrimage to Mecca.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

.17th century Ottoman copy of a 14th century (Ilkhanate) manuscript (Edinburgh codex).^ "In Iran in the 14th century and during the time of the Ottoman Empire, manuscripts often contained illustrations of him."
  • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thousands of the Hebrew Old Testament manuscript copies are still available for textual criticism, ranging in age from the second century B.C. (Before Christ) to the eleventh century A.D. (After Christ).
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

Illustration of Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī's The Remaining Signs of Past Centuries.
.
The Mosque of the Prophet (Al-Masjid al-Nabawi) is Islam's second most sacred site.
^ "The prophet also said to Al-Miqdad, "If a faithful believer conceals his faith from the dis-believers, and then when he declares his Islam, you kill him………" Hadith Vol.9, Bk.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Allah's Apostle Settles in Madina The first step the Prophet took, after his settlement at Medina, was to built a mosque for the worship of Allah according to principles of Islam.

^ The Prophet (pbuh) ordered that a mosque and a place for him to live be built on the site.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

The green dome in the background stands above Muhammad's tomb.
The truce of Hudaybiyyah had been enforced for two years.[123][124] .The tribe of Banu Khuza'a had good relations with Muhammad, whereas their enemies, the Banu Bakr, had an alliance with the Meccans.^ This shows that Muhammad had unsuspecting people, those who even had good relations with Muslims, murdered in cold blood because they were Jewish.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One night the Banu Bakr attacked the Banu Khuza'ah by night when they were camped by a spring and killed some of their men.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Armed with this loophole, Muhammad moved against the Banu Qaynuqa, a Jewish tribe who had resisted Islam but with whom Muhammad had a truce.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[123][124] .A clan of the Bakr made a night raid against the Khuza'a, killing a few of them.^ One night the Banu Bakr attacked the Banu Khuza'ah by night when they were camped by a spring and killed some of their men.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Peace Treaty enabled the Banu Bakr to settle an old score against the Banu Khuza'ah.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They were inciting their people to rise up to fight and kill the Muslim population, and this made them direct enemy combatants because they were inciting violence against the Muslims.

[123][124] .The Meccans helped the Banu Bakr with weapons and, according to some sources, a few Meccans also took part in the fighting.^ A skirmish developed and the Quraysh helped the Banu Bakr by providing weapons.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It took some work but they finally sent me out, and I agreed to go out for a small fee for my first few trips.

^ The aim of the exhibition was to poke fun at all religions, according to cartoonists who took part.

[123] .After this event, Muhammad sent a message to Mecca with three conditions, asking them to accept one of them.^ At first in private and then [613] publicly, Muhammad began to proclaim his message: that there is but one God and that Muhammad is his messenger sent to warn people of the Judgment Day and to remind them of God's goodness.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ About 610, Muhammad, while in a cave on Mount Hira outside Mecca, had a vision in which he was called on to preach the message entrusted to him by God.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Remember) when you (Muhammad) said to the believers, "is it not enough for you that your Lord (Allah) should help you with three thousand angels; sent down?
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

.These were that either the Meccans paid blood money for those slain among the Khuza'ah tribe; or, that they should disavow themselves of the Banu Bakr; or, that they should declare the truce of Hudaybiyyah null.^ And the top five rappers should be ashamed of themselves that they rank higher than this bastard.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: May 28, 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As its import sinks in, those who were unwilling to consider what it was about will find themselves either embarrassed -- if they are honest -- or more violent, if they refuse the challenge of reason.

^ Therefore in my humble opinion it would serve those who refuse this concept to remove themselves to a place where they can deny and abridge these unalienable rights.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

[125]
.The Meccans replied that they would accept only the last condition.^ 'We kneel only to Allah', they replied.

^ They agreed to advance against the Muslims taking their property, women and children with them so that everyone would fight to the last in defence of his family and possessions.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The word abandon, at least as I see it, would mean they would have, at some point have had to really and fully accept it.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris Takes On the Muslim Cartoon Controversy and His Critics 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

[125] .However, soon they realized their mistake and sent Abu Sufyan to renew the Hudaybiyyah treaty, but now his request was declined by Muhammad.^ This is about the only thing they have, and if by now they have not realized how inhibiting to their lives it has been, I dk if and when they'll ever do.
  • Michael J. Totten: Another Hostage in Iran 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It would be a nice gesture to have it, especially now that Muslims really need to underline the fact that they are loyal to this country."
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ They heard that Abu Sufyan was coming to attack them with an enormous army which included many other Arab tribes, as well as Quraysh.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

Muhammad began to prepare for a campaign.[126] .In 630, Muhammad marched on Mecca with an enormous force, said to number more than ten thousand men.^ Incidents in 629 ended the armistice, and in January 630, Muhammad and his men marched on Mecca.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He has ten thousand men of steel.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On March 24, 627 A.D, Abu Sufyan arrived with more than ten thousand men.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.With minimal casualties, Muhammad took control of Mecca.^ Then Muhammad distorted a story which he took from the Old Testament, to convince the Muslims who were driven out of their homes in Mecca to fight their clans.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

[127] .He declared an amnesty for past offences, except for ten men and women who had mocked and ridiculed him in songs and verses.^ Again in verse 85 of the same Surat: If anyone desires a religion other than Islam, never will it be accepted of him; and in the hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ RE: Sura 33, Verse 73-74, translates in part as “...That God may chastise the hypocrites, men and women alike, and the idolaters, men and women alike…” .
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris on the Reality of Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ten men, over whom Uthman ibn Maz'un was in charge (may Allah be pleased with him), went first.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some of these were later pardoned.^ Later it was suggested by the Afghan government that he may be mentally mad or ill and should thus be forgiven, although some have raised doubts about these allegations.

[128] .Most Meccans converted to Islam and Muhammad subsequently destroyed all the statues of Arabian gods in and around the Kaaba.^ Today most of the Berbers have been converted to Islam.

^ Hubal was an oracular deity whose statue -- in human form and made of red carneol -- stood in the Ka'ba until Muhammad destroyed it.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is believed that "al-llah" in Muhammad's time before Islam referred to a vague moon god and that Muhammad believed that al-Uzza was a daughter of this "al-llah".
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[129][130] The Qur'an discusses the conquest of Mecca.[61][131]

Conquest of Arabia

.Soon after the conquest of Mecca, Muhammad was alarmed by a military threat from the confederate tribes of Hawazin who were collecting an army twice the size of Muhammad's.^ Finally, Muhammad led his conquest of Mecca.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Malik, who said, ‘ The people of Mecca asked the prophet (SAAS) for a sign, And so the moon over Mecca was split twice.

^ They follow Muhammad's methodology:   kill those who are a threat to your credibility and power over others.
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

The Banu Hawazin were old enemies of the Meccans. .They were joined by the Banu Thaqif (inhabiting the city of Ta'if) who adopted an anti-Meccan policy due to the decline of the prestige of Meccans.^ And it's not surprising then they get bitter, they cling to guns or religion or antipathy to people who aren't like them or anti-immigrant sentiment or anti-trade sentiment as a way to explain their frustrations."

^ They gathered round the Messenger of Allah, who said, 'O Banu Abdul-Muttalib!
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So it's not surprising then that they get bitter, they cling to guns or religion or antipathy to people who aren't like them or anti-immigrant sentiment or anti-trade sentiment as a way to explain their frustrations..."

[132] .Muhammad defeated the Hawazin and Thaqif tribes in the Battle of Hunayn.^ After the battle of the Hunayn Valley, the Prophet (pbuh) distributed what goods had been taken between the people of Quraysh and the other Bedouin tribes.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Malik ibn Awf an-Nasri, the Hawazin chief, called for war against the Muslims and the tribe of Thaqif supported him.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Muslim army advanced along the Hunayn path, a narrow way in the rugged mountains, towards the valley where the Hawazin and the other tribes were waiting.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[14]
.In the same year, Muhammad made the expedition of Tabuk against northern Arabia because of their previous defeat at the Battle of Mu'tah as well as reports of the hostile attitude adopted against Muslims.^ In this same year the whole of Arabia was cleansed of non-Muslims.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad made it clear to Muslims that a mosque is not the same as a synagogue or a church.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Musa lbn Nosseyr made emir of Northern Africa.His campaigns against the Berbers.
  • Washington Irving, Mohammed and His Successors 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

.Although Muhammad did not make contact with hostile forces at Tabuk, he received the submission of some local chiefs of the region.^ A hooligan did some nonsense, so, Muhammad can do so?
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Also, t he Hadith makes it clear that Muhammad was a sinner--NOT sinless as some Muslims now claim: "Muhammad replied..."O Allah, set me apart from my sins..."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He then ordered them to make camp, which they did, although they all hoped they would travel on to the sacred Ka'bah the following day.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[14][133]
.A year after the Battle of Tabuk, the Banu Thaqif sent emissaries to Medina to surrender to Muhammad and adopt Islam.^ Muhammad dies June 8, 632 A.D. in Medina In the third month of the eleventh year of Hijra, M u hammad fell sick and layed in the house of his wife Ayisha in Medina.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Among the rest, five princes of the tribe of Himyar professed Islam and sent ambassadors to notify Muhammad of the same.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Zaid was Muhammad's adopted son, and incredibly committed and loyal to him and Islam, being the third convert ever to join Islam.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many bedouins submitted to Muhammad in order to be safe against his attacks and to benefit from the booties of the wars.^ They eventually made a pledge to support Muhammad in war against the Quraysh [Guillaume, op cit, page 205].
  • "Muhammad, Islam, and Terrorism" The Ugly Truth about Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is also a fact of history that apostates were killed in the time of Muhammad on his orders, and immediately after his death by the first Caliph, Abu Bakr, in the Ridda (apostasy) Wars.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ So this quote is a LIE against Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), not just that, but there were many lies invented by the hypocrites from among the Jews in order to REJECT prophet Muhammed.

[14] However, the bedouins were alien to the system of Islam and wanted to maintain their independence, their established code of virtue and their ancestral traditions. Muhammad thus required of them a military and political agreement according to which they "acknowledge the suzerainty of Medina, to refrain from attack on the Muslims and their allies, and to pay the Zakat, the Muslim religious levy."[134]

Farewell pilgrimage and death

.At the end of the tenth year after the migration to Medina, Muhammad carried through his first truly Islamic pilgrimage, thereby teaching his followers the rites of the annual Great Pilgrimage (Hajj).^ At first, few converts followed Muhammad.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the tenth year after the Hijra, Muhammad made his farewell pilgrimage to Mecca.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If anyone believes Obama sat through 20 years of this racist crap and doesn't carry it in his head/heart, they must be complete idiots.
  • Ben Smith's Blog: Pfleger's apology - Politico.com 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

[14]
.After completing the pilgrimage, Muhammad delivered a famous speech known as The Farewell Sermon.^ What the Prophet (pbuh) said is known as the ‘Farewell Sermon’, because it was the last speech the Prophet (pbuh) made before he died.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ September 3, 2008 — Nora's Sensation Right before the prophet Muhammad died the prophet gave a farewell sermon, which is what we mainly call his last sermon.

^ In the tenth year after the Hijra, Muhammad made his farewell pilgrimage to Mecca.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

.In this sermon, Muhammad advised his followers not to follow certain pre-Islamic customs such as adding intercalary months to align the lunar calendar with the solar calendar.^ The seventh month is reserved for the fast which Mohammed substituted for a month (the ninth) devoted by the Arabs in pre-Islamic times to excessive eating and drinking.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The chief god of Muhammad's tribe was one of the three sister goddesses called al-Uzza, the youngest of the three daughters of the pre-Islamic Allah and the patron goddess of Mecca.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Islamic teaching, such penalties may have been suitable for the age in which Muhammad lived.

.Muhammad abolished all old blood feuds and disputes based on the former tribal system and asked for all old pledges to be returned as implications of the creation of the new Islamic community.^ The Sydney-based chairman of the Australian Federation of Islamic Councils, Ikebal Patel, said falsification of election material created a further rift between mainstream community and Muslims.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ An important new book, analyzing the effect of mass immigration on London’s East End, finds rage and resentment among ALL communities .

^ Did anyone notice that the former controversial editor of the News of the World, Andy Coulson, was named recently as the new communications chief of the Conservative party?
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Commenting on the vulnerability of women in his society, Muhammed asked his male followers to “Be good to women; for they are powerless captives (awan) in your households.^ Follow the right path closely and moderately, and know that your good deeds will not make you enter Paradise, they said, not even you, o Messenger of Allah?

^ O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women but they also have rights over you.

^ "His comments about women were so stupid and they were an indication to me that extremism isn't only about politics, it is about other issues like the basic social values of Western society.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.You took them in God’s trust, and legitimated your sexual relations with the Word of God, so come to your senses people, and hear my words ...”.^ O people, listen to my words and understand them.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I pray that someday you come to your senses, Answeil.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ O people, you have rights over your wives, and your wives have a right over you.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

.He also told them that they were entitled to discipline their wives but should do so with kindness.^ The Prophet gave strict orders that sympathy should be shown to them in their misfortune and that they should be treated with kindness.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

^ A key theme of the books was a strident sectarianism which told Muslims that they should remain separate from other faiths and resist integration.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The Imam stood up and told the group that this was a kind of peaceful civil disobedience that should be encouraged, and commended Khaled and his friends for their efforts.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Muhammad also addressed the issue of inheritance by forbidding false claims of paternity or of a client relationship to the deceased and also forbidding his followers to leave their wealth to a testamentary heir.^ But in this article I am addressing the Christians who make the claim that the Islamic sources contain NO miracles of the prophet Muhammad, often asking Muslims to show them a miracle performed by the prophet.

^ But Muhammad claimed falsely that he married all those wives by Allah's command and for humanitarian and political reasons.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad's last speech to his followers on Mt Arafat: ....."I descended by Allah with the sword in my hand, and my wealth will come from the shadow of my sword.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.He also upheld the sacredness of four lunar months in each year.^ So universal and profound was the religious feeling respecting this observance, that four months in every year were devoted to the rites of pilgrimage, and held sacred from all violence and warfare.
  • Washington Irving, Mohammed and His Successors 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ She is the mother of four boys aged six months to 10 years.

^ Things which previously were forbidden during the four sacred months of the year were now forbidden at all times.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[135][136] .According to Sunni tafsir, the following Qur'anic verse was delivered in this incident: “Today I have perfected your religion, and completed my favours for you and chosen Islam as a religion for you.”(Qur'an 5:3)[14] According to Shia tafsir, it refers to appointment of Ali ibn Abi Talib at the pond of Khumm as Muhammad's successor, this occurring a few days later when Muslims were returning from Mecca to Medina.^ Christianity or Islam as your Religion???
  • A Must See Coming of Prophet Muhammad (s) Prophecies In The Bible « THE ONLY TRUE RELIGION DEBATE 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC truereligiondebate.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The later suras came after Muhammad left Mecca and went to Medina.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He said to the Prophet: "O son of my brother, what is this religion you are following?"
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

[137]
.A few months after the farewell pilgrimage, Muhammad fell ill and suffered for several days with head pain and weakness.^ Muhammad dies June 8, 632 A.D. in Medina In the third month of the eleventh year of Hijra, M u hammad fell sick and layed in the house of his wife Ayisha in Medina.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Syracuse fell to the Muslims in 878 after a nine-month siege from which few escaped alive.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ On the return of the sacred month of pilgrimage, the Prophet, under the presentiment of his approaching end, determined to make a farewell pilgrimage to Mecca.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

He died on Monday, June 8, 632, in Medina, at the age of 63.[138] With his head resting on Aisha's lap he murmured his final words soon after asking her to dispose of his last worldly goods, which were seven coins:
Rather, God on High and paradise.[138]
—Muhammad
.He is buried where he died, which was in Aisha's house and is now housed within the Mosque of the Prophet in the city of Medina.^ Muhammad dies June 8, 632 A.D. in Medina In the third month of the eleventh year of Hijra, M u hammad fell sick and layed in the house of his wife Ayisha in Medina.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This brought relative peace and stability within the city, by a document called the Constitution of Medina.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad's tomb is now close to the mosque of Medina.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[14][139][140] .Next to Muhammad's tomb, there is another empty tomb that Muslims believe awaits Jesus.^ Muslims believe in Jesus Christ.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Peace be upon those who follow the truth, who believe in Allah and His Prophet and who testify that there is no divinity but Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Gkc:11:56 2/9 - "And, someone wrote that Muslims believe you're not worthy of life if you don't believe in Muhammad.
  • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[140][141]

Aftermath

Conquests of Muhammad and the Rashidun.
.Muhammad united the tribes of Arabia into a singular Arab Muslim religious polity in the last years of his life.^ The prophet, who lived in Arabia in the early 7th century, initiated a religious movement that was carried by the Arabs throughout the Middle East.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At these fairs, also, were recited the popular traditions of the Arabs, and inculcated the various religious faiths which were afloat in Arabia.
  • Washington Irving, Mohammed and His Successors 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The ninth year of the hijrah is known as the Year of Embassies, as being the year in which the various tribes of Arabia submitted to the claim of the Prophet and sent embassies to render homage to him.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

.With Muhammad's death, disagreement broke out over who would succeed him as leader of the Muslim community.^ Muhayyisa answered, 'Had the one who ordered me to kill him ordered me to kill you I would have cut your head off.'
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ What about all of those who will vote for Obama precisely because he is a black man and who would not vote for him if he were an asain man - are they racists or can't black people, by definition be racist?
  • Georgetown/On Faith: Obama's Latest Pastor Disaster - Jacques Berlinerblau 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Three out of four young Muslims would prefer Muslim women to "choose to wear the veil or hijab", compared with only a quarter of over-55s.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[16] .Umar ibn al-Khattab, a prominent companion of Muhammad, nominated Abu Bakr, Muhammad's friend and collaborator.^ Umar Al-Khattab submits to Islam .

^ Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith did as 'Ail advised and the Messenger replied, 'Have no fear this day.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, some of the Companions disliked these terms, including `Umar bin Al-Khattab, as we will mention in detail, Allah willing, while explaining this Surah.

.Others added their support and Abu Bakr was made the first caliph.^ The historical origins of the concept can be seen in the actions of the hypocrites and in the Ridda (apostasy) rebellions against the first Caliph Abu-Bakr.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Abu-Bakr, the first Caliph to succeed Muhammad (and one of the few to whom Muhammad promised Paradise without martyrdom), declared that even if he had one foot in Paradise he could not trust Allah to let him in.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He made supplication for Abu Bakr's mother and called her to Allah.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

.This choice was disputed by some of Muhammad's companions, who held that Ali ibn Abi Talib, his cousin and son-in-law, had been designated the successor by Muhammad at Ghadir Khumm.^ Ali ibn abi Talib described Muhammad (pbuh) as follows: .

^ After Khadijah, his cousin' Ali was the next companion.
  • IslamBasics 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islambasics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ibn Kathir: The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Ali ibn Abi Talib sprang forward and said, 'Amr!
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

Abu Bakr's immediate task was to make an expedition against the Byzantine (or Eastern Roman Empire) forces because of the previous defeat, although he first had to put down a rebellion by Arab tribes in an episode referred to by later Muslim historians as the Ridda wars, or "Wars of Apostasy".[142]
.The pre-Islamic Middle East was dominated by the Byzantine and Sassanian empires.^ Had they really set out with that intention and succeeded, then world history and especially the history of Europe, the Byzantine Empire, the Middle East and the Arabian peninsular - in the aftermath of the liberation of Jerusalem on July 15, 1099 - would have been radically different.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Were the Sunni to win, this would redress the Shi'ite dominance in Lebanon which parallels the Shi'ite dominance in Iraq - so worrying to the Saudis and their dwindling supporters in and outside the Middle East.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Within Islamic territories there were slaves from central Asia, from the Byzantine Empire, from sub-Saharan Africa and from Europe.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.The Roman-Persian Wars between the two had devastated the inhabitants, making the empires unpopular amongst local tribes.^ When he was about fourteen years old, the Fijar War broke out between the tribes of Quraysh and Qays.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Look what happened to the Persian and Eastern Roman empires!
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ If two bodies of the faithful are at war, then make ye peace between them: and if the one of them wrong the other, fight against that party which doth the wrong, until they come back to the precepts of Allah: .
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Furthermore, most Christian Churches in the lands to be conquered by Muslims such as Nestorians, Monophysites, Jacobites and Copts were under pressure from the Christian Orthodoxy who deemed them heretics.^ Most of the Christian tribes of Arabs were Jacobites.
  • Washington Irving, Mohammed and His Successors 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ However the land on which the chapel was built was donated to the Christians by the father of a tribal church minister.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Archbishop Chacour urged Christians visiting sites in the Holy Land to also visit local Christians, who need their "solidarity," he said.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Within only a decade, Muslims conquered Mesopotamia and Persia, Roman Syria and Roman Egypt.^ Beginning in the seventh century, major portions of the Orthodox heartlands (in Syria and Egypt) fell under Muslim rule.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Islam spread initially as a result of the astonishingly rapid Arab conquest of Syria, Egypt and Mesopotamia in the early seventh century, but was not imposed on the indigenous populations by force.

^ When a Muslim declares that Islam is a religion of peace, he/she is either ignorant of the Koran (Qur'an), or is deceitfully thinking of this "peace", as it extends only to those within the Muslim Community.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[143] and established the Rashidun empire.

Wives and children

.Muhammad's life is traditionally defined into two periods: pre-hijra (emigration) in Mecca (from 570 to 622), and post-hijra in Medina (from 622 until 632).^ Muhammad dies June 8, 632 A.D. in Medina In the third month of the eleventh year of Hijra, M u hammad fell sick and layed in the house of his wife Ayisha in Medina.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad was born in 570 in Mecca, a trading center in western Arabia.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Terrorist beginnings In the history below I simply am citing well know facts about the Koran, the Hadiths, the pre-Islamic history of Mecca, and what is claimed by the Muslims themselves to be known concerning the life and activities of Muhammad.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Muhammad is said to have had thirteen wives or concubines (there are differing accounts on the status of some of them as wife or concubine[144])[145] All but two of his marriages were contracted after the migration to Medina.^ There is no difference, and as Jesus said: .

^ "There were times when images of Muhammad were not forbidden," he said.
  • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Even the wives were aware Muhammad’s partial and unfair treatment, being clearly aware that he loved one particular wife more than the others.
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

Part of a series on Islam
Muhammadwives.png
Umm-al-Momineen
Wives of Muhammad
.At the age of 25, Muhammad married Khadijah bint Khuwaylid.^ Authentic Hadith reports do show us that the prophet Muhammad did marry Aisha at the age of 6, but they also show the consummation of the marriage was complete when she was 9 years old.

^ When Zaid came of age to be married, Muhammad chose for him "Zainab," Muhammad's cousin.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ W hen Muhammad was 25 he married Khadija; six children were born to them, but only one survived to adulthood; his beloved daughter Fatima.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.The marriage lasted for 25 years and was a happy one.^ The marriage between them is hence one that is not based on complete equality, as should be the case the case in ideal circumstances for a happy, equal married life.
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Last year, Spain received 560,000 immigrants, one-third of Europe's total .

^ The national group pulled about 10 of its teachers from Intermediate School 172 after one of them was threatened and others were assaulted last year, the Daily News has learned.

[146] .Muhammad relied upon Khadija in many ways and did not enter into marriage with another woman during this marriage.^ Authentic Hadith reports do show us that the prophet Muhammad did marry Aisha at the age of 6, but they also show the consummation of the marriage was complete when she was 9 years old.

^ Third : Had the spirit been Gabriel, Khadija would have believed Muhammad's testimony and would not have tested the spirit the way she did.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The sahih ahadith also prove that Muhammad entered upon her or, to be blunt, had sex with Ayesha when she was nine years of age.
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

[147][148] .After the death of Khadija, it was suggested to Muhammad by Khawla bint Hakim, that he should marry Sawda bint Zama, a Muslim widow, or Aisha, who was at the time either six- or seven-year-old [149][150] or nine or ten-year-old[151] daughter of Abu Bakr.^ At about the same time Mohammed contracted an engagement with 'A'ishah, the six-year-old daughter of Abu Bakr, and married her shortly after his arrival at Medina.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The compilation was not finished until at least 150 years after Muhammad's death.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He claims the prophet Muhammad married a nine-year-old girl, so it's permissible now.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Muhammad is said to have asked her to arrange for him to marry both,[113]; he married Aisha five[citation needed] years later.^ Prophet Muhammad engaged Aisha for 2 years before he married her.

^ "Aisha said, "The Apostle of Allah married me when I was seven years old."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Authentic Hadith reports do show us that the prophet Muhammad did marry Aisha at the age of 6, but they also show the consummation of the marriage was complete when she was 9 years old.

.Later, Muhammad married additional wives nine of whom survived him.^ He claims the prophet Muhammad married a nine-year-old girl, so it's permissible now.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ W hen Muhammad was 25 he married Khadija; six children were born to them, but only one survived to adulthood; his beloved daughter Fatima.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Later on he returned to Christianity again and he used to say: "Muhammad knows nothing but what I have written for him."
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[145] .Aisha, who became known as Muhammad's favourite wife in Sunni tradition, survived him by many decades and was instrumental in helping to bring together the scattered sayings of Muhammad that would form the Hadith literature for the Sunni branch of Islam.^ To criticize Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, or to say that the Quran is "a product of the prophet," or that Islam is a "fabricated religion," or to smuggle a Bible into a country ruled by the Quran, is a crime punishable by beheading.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Islam has three primary branches of belief, based largely on a historical disagreement over the succession of authority after Muhammad's death.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She was, she says, too much of a "hothead" to survive a traditional life and marriage in Iran, and the laws that discriminated against women enraged her.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[113]
.After migration to Medina, Muhammad (who was now in his fifties) married several women.^ He claims the prophet Muhammad married a nine-year-old girl, so it's permissible now.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad's tomb is now close to the mosque of Medina.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We had no problem with Muhammad taking advantage of this privilege as he married fourteen wives for himself and several slave girls from the booty he collected as a result of his victorious battles.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

.These marriages were contracted mostly for political or humanitarian reasons, these wives being either widows of Muslims who had been killed in the battles and had been left without a protector, or belonging to important families or clans whom it was necessary to honor and strengthen alliances.^ In addition, a rumour spread among the people that the Prophet had been killed, just as had occurred in the Battle of Uhud, and the Muslim forces retreated still further.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The following quotation is from page 38 and teaches the children that there is no punishment for killing non-Muslims, whether they are apostates (who have left Islam) or infidels (pagans, unbelievers, who have never been Muslims).
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ But unhappy experience from the time of Muhammad's many bloody raids on his non-Muslim neighbours to the time of writing, has shown that to ignore these flaws, as many westerners prominent in politics and the media seem to ignore them, will inevitably have fatal consequences for those who do so.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[152]
.Muhammad did his own household chores and helped with housework, such as preparing food, sewing clothes and repairing shoes.^ TOP ] Muhammad's Household Good examples of plotting and deception are found in Muhammad's own household.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muslims reason that such things must be exemplary if Muhammad did them.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ He sewed his clothes, mended his shoes and shirt, milked his goat and swept the house.

.Muhammad is also said to have had accustomed his wives to dialogue; he listened to their advice, and the wives debated and even argued with him.^ Even the wives were aware Muhammad’s partial and unfair treatment, being clearly aware that he loved one particular wife more than the others.
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Before the night fell, on which Muhammad (pbuh) was to be killed, the Archangel Gabriel came to him and said, 'Do not sleep tonight in your own bed.'
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Zaid came home Zainab told him about Muhammad's visit and what he said.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

[153][154][155]
.Khadijah is said to have borne Muhammad four daughters (Ruqayyah bint Muhammad, Umm Kulthum bint Muhammad, Zainab bint Muhammad, Fatimah Zahra) and two sons (Abd-Allah ibn Muhammad and Qasim ibn Muhammad) who both died in childhood.^ Four daughters and one son were the fruit of the marriage with Khadijah.
  • Washington Irving, Mohammed and His Successors 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Khadija gave Muhammad two sons, both of whom died young.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two sons, both of whom died young, and four daughters were born.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.All except two of his daughters, Fatimah and Zainab, died before him.^ He was so kind to slaves that his last bequest before he died was, “Fear God in the matter of slaves.” Abu Dhar was one of the converts and Muhammad praised him for his honesty.

^ Khadijah was the first woman that the Messenger of Allah married and she bore him all his children except Ibrahim.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two sons, both of whom died young, and four daughters were born.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

[156] .Shi'a scholars contend that Fatimah was Muhammad's only daughter.^ W hen Muhammad was 25 he married Khadija; six children were born to them, but only one survived to adulthood; his beloved daughter Fatima.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[157] .Maria al-Qibtiyya bore him a son named Ibrahim ibn Muhammad, but the child died when he was two years old.^ He was 33 years old when he died.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad's father's name was Abd Allāh ibn Abd al-Mullalib .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Muhammad (pbuh) was two years old, Halimah took him back to his mother.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[156]
.Zaynab bint Jahsh wife of Zayd ibn Harithah's wife, in Pre Islamic Arabia adoption was common and Zayd was given to him as a slave by his wife Khadija.^ Zayd’s, the Prophet’s alleged “adopted son” by the haters of Islam, wife, was the one who wanted to divorce him and marry the Prophet.

^ A Jewess, Zaynab bint al-Harith, the wife of Sallam ibn Mishkam, presented him with roasted mutton, having enquired what joint he liked best.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Behind him rode Usamah ibn Zayd, the son of his freed slave, rather than any sons of the Banu Hashim or of the Quraysh leaders, even though they were present.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

.Muhammad freed him and took him to Kaaba in Mecca and declared Zayd his son.^ Even so, the father took his son near the Ka'bah and prepared to sacrifice him.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Zayd’s, the Prophet’s alleged “adopted son” by the haters of Islam, wife, was the one who wanted to divorce him and marry the Prophet.

^ Khadija took Mohammad to her cousin, Bishop Waraka Ibn Nofal, who declared his belief that Muhammad was chosen to be the prophet of his people.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

.With coming of Islam all relations of adoption were nulled.^ Come on let's be brutally honest, no one really gives a damn about "race relations" at all.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: May 28, 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I dare you to blatantly and easily and with your upfront style to discuss FACTS about the jewish mindset and ideology(i.e we are all goyims)as you do when it comes to Islam and Muslims.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris on the Reality of Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

And Muhammad himself started calling Zayd Zayd bin Harriss instead of Zayd bin Muhammad (Zayd was known as Zayd bin Muhammad i.e. son of Muhammad). .Since Zayd's background was a slave, and Muhammad wanted to lift the social status of freed slaves (like Zayd) he asked for Zaynab's hand in marriage for Zayd.^ I wanted Averyl to like me, because she was my boss, to be asked by her for feedback.

^ The Muslim prophet Muhammad owned slaves, and like the Bible, the Qur'an takes the existence of slavery for granted.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad had appointed Zayd, his freed slave, as their commander and the army contained many of the leading Muhajirun and Ansar.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

.Zaynab was Muhammad's first cousin, daughter of his aunt Umaima bint Abdul Muttalib.^ One of the daughters, Fatima, acquired special prominence in later Islamic history because of her marriage to Muhammad's cousin Ali.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A PARDONING: On the way, the Messenger Allah happened to meet his cousin, Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith ibn Abdul-Muttalib.
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When the Quraysh were assembled the next day, Zuhayr ibn Abi Umayyah, whose mother was 'Atikah bint Abdul-Muttalib, faced the people and demanded, 'People of Makkah!
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

.Zaynab had initially refused to marry Zaid and the same displeasure had come from her brother, 'Abdullah bin Jahsh.^ One does not see the same initiatives coming from within the Islamic world.

^ When Muhammad's lieutenant Abdullah attacked a Quraysh caravan during a month when fighting was prohibited, Muhammad's initial displeasure was changed by a "revelation" [i.e.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Volume 7, Book 62, Number 17 Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: When I got married, Allah's Apostle said to me, "What type of lady have you married?"
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

.However on insistence of Muhammad Zaynab and everyone else agreed.^ They all agreed and as Muhammad (pbuh) was the first to enter everyone was pleased, because they all trusted him.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.The marriage was a failure as Zaynab could not accept a freed slave to be her husband.^ The right of marriage and divorce belongs only to the husband and wife.” The effect of this kindness was that many slaves of polytheists used to run away and come to him.

.Zayd got tired of this and the bitterness had left him with no desire for her and this eventually led to their divorce.Zaynab being Muhammad's first cousin was no stranger for him, he had seen her hundreds of time in his aunt Umaima bint Abdul Muttalib's house for over thirty years before she became Zayd's wife.^ Muhammad's first wife - Khadija, died a few years before he fled to Medina.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was not at home, but his extremely beautiful wife Zaynab bint Jahsh (actually a cousin of Muhammad) was.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No one has seen God at any time.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

."When thou saidst to him (Zayd) whom God has blessed and thou hadst favoured, 'Keep thy wife to thyself; and fear God', and thou wast concealing within thyself what God should reveal, fearing other men; and God has better right for thee to fear Him.^ All the while expecting other men to keep it?
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I know I can’t prove that my way is the right way, neither can you prove such about your way, yet you claim that because your way is blessed by your god that it is the right and best way.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris Takes On the Muslim Cartoon Controversy and His Critics 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Surely We have given thee (0 Muhammad) a clear victory, That Allah may forgive thee of thy sin That which is past and that which is to come, And may complete His blessings upon thee, And may guide thee on the right path, And that Allah may help thee with mighty help”.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.So when Zaid had accomplished what he would of her, then We gave her in marriage to thee, so that there should not be any fault in the believers, touching the wives of their adopted son, when they had accomplished what they would of them; and God's commandment must be performed."^ Then when Zaid had dissolved (his marriage) with her we joined in marriage to thee: In order that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the believers in (the matter of) marriage with the wives of their adopted sons, when the latter have dissolved (their marriage) (Surat Al-Ahzab 33:37).
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then when Zaid had dissolved (his marriage) with her, with the necessary (formality), We joined her in marriage to thee: in order that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the Believers in (the matter of) marriage with the wives of their adopted sons, when the latter have dissolved with the necessary (formality) (their marriage) with them.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If anyone believes Obama sat through 20 years of this racist crap and doesn't carry it in his head/heart, they must be complete idiots.
  • Ben Smith's Blog: Pfleger's apology - Politico.com 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

(Sura al-Ahzab 33:37)
.The verse above tells of the time when Zayd came to seek council of Muhammad to divorced Zaynab, however Muhammad to him to 'Keep thy wife to thyself; and fear God'. Muhammad had already been informed by Gabriel that Zayd will divorce his wife and Muhammad will have to marry her, in spite of this knowledge Muhammad asked Zayd to keep his wife.^ Muhammad became sad, then Gabriel delivered this verse to him to comfort him."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Zaid went to Muhammad and asked him "Shall I divorce Zainab?"
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On releasing him this time, however, the Archangel Gabriel said: .
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.It was because of this Muhammad was rebuked and told to fear God and not to fear men.^ His companions wanted to catch him but Muhammad told them to leave him alone because the lender had the right to demand his money.

^ He was so kind to slaves that his last bequest before he died was, “Fear God in the matter of slaves.” Abu Dhar was one of the converts and Muhammad praised him for his honesty.

^ They are also told that the Christian Trinity belief is in God, Mary, and Jesus -- a shameful claim, because no sect puts Mary into the godhead.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Muhammad had two things to fear of, one was that Quran had restricted men to keep more than four wives, and if he was to marry Zaynab she would be his fifth wife, hence people would say double standards, 'four for us and five for you'. The second thing he feared was loss of reputation, Arabs had not been able to digest the fact that on blood relations (like adoption) have no place in Islam, so an example had to be set for people to realise that era of non blood relations is over.^ But none of them married more than one wife by God's command.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And more than one in five of the population in Italy is now over 65.

^ A Malaysian official will say: “She was more than a wife to Hambali.

.The best way to do this was by marrying Zaynab, however the matter was of a lady and Muhammad feared that hypocrates of Medina will not leave this golden chance to start a new propaganda against Islam.^ This represented a problem for Muhammad, since an adopted son was seen in that culture as equivalent to a natural son, so his marrying Zaynab would be perceived as incest.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad and Islam did not come along till 610 A.D. (after Jesus), when Muhammad began preaching Allah and his new religion in Mecca.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was so kind to slaves that his last bequest before he died was, “Fear God in the matter of slaves.” Abu Dhar was one of the converts and Muhammad praised him for his honesty.

.It was against this background Muhammad was rebuked and told to fear God and not to fear men.^ The Ansari young men came and said: “O Messenger of God, it belongs to me.” The Prophet said to him, “Do you not fear God in the matter of this beast although He has made you its owner?

^ Muhammad told his followers to fight (militarily) hard against unbelievers.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I have fabricated things against God and have imputed to Him words which He has not spoken.” ~MUHAMMAD (Al-Tabari 6:111) .

.The full verse was revealed to tell the complete tale to Muslims and hypocrites of Medina as to what actually happened, and put an end to the conitnuous grapevine that was going around.^ COMMENT ENDS.] [2nd RECAP: She is putting all Muslim women in the same basket… and blaming Islam for the bad cultural practices she had to live under.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Of note, according to Muslims, this is the same cave where the Qur'an (5 verses of the Sura Al-Alaque were revealed to him) began to be revealed to Muhammad.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prophet (pbuh) then told Abu Sufyan to go back to Mecca and tell the people that the Muslims would enter the city the next morning.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

Muhammad's descendants through Fatimah are known as sharifs, syeds or sayyids. .These are honorific titles in Arabic, sharif meaning 'noble' and sayed or sayyid meaning 'lord' or 'sir'. As Muhammad's only descendants, they are respected by both Sunni and Shi'a, though the Shi'as place much more emphasis and value on their distinction.^ That's why they are much more effective.
  • Michael J. Totten: Another Hostage in Iran 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This sense of respect can be reborn in the Western world only if faith in God is reborn, if God becomes once more present to us and in us.

^ It's a pattern found throughout the world, and it augers a far more conservative future — one in which patriarchy and other traditional values make a comeback, if only by default.

[158]

Slaves

.The Qur'an considers emancipation of a slave to be a highly meritorious deed, or as a condition of repentance for many sins.^ Slavery is not only tolerated in the Koran, but is looked upon as a practical necessity, while the manumission of slaves is regarded as a meritorious deed.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The slaves were kept in wretched conditions and many were worked to death, especially those unfortunate enough to be chosen to row the corsair galleys.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Therefore Muhammad was the owner of slaves, whom he bought usually to free[159], including concubines (although this claim is disputed) [160], a wetnurse, and one slave he bought, freed and adopted as his son (Zayd).^ Muhammad is infatuated with adopted son's wife.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad adopted Zaid (aka: Zayd) because Muhammad had no sons.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The question of the number of women with whom Muhammad was sexually involved either as wives, concubines or devotees was made a point of contention by the Jews in Muhammad's day.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[161]

Legacy

Reforms

9th century Qur'an.
.According to William Montgomery Watt, for Muhammad, religion was not a private and individual matter but rather “the total response of his personality to the total situation in which he found himself.^ Good government is based upon the individual and that each person's ability, dignity, freedom, and responsibility must be honored and recognized.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: May 28, 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Individuals willing to kill over a cartoon are only emboldened by timid responses and as a matter of fact there are many individuals who are willing to kill over a cartoon.
  • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Islam religion is not a matter of private relationship between man and Allah, but is intertwined with society.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.He was responding [not only]… to the religious and intellectual aspects of the situation but also to the economic, social, and political pressures to which contemporary Mecca was subject."^ "His comments about women were so stupid and they were an indication to me that extremism isn't only about politics, it is about other issues like the basic social values of Western society.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, myriad social, economic, political and biomedical factors contribute to the severity of the pandemic in this region.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: May 28, 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I'd say regarding political and economic issues I'm conservative, and regarding social issues I'm mainly moderate.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

[162] .Bernard Lewis says that there are two important political traditions in Islam – one that views Muhammad as a statesman in Medina, and another that views him as a rebel in Mecca.^ Naturally, there's another point of view.

^ There are two opinions: First, is the saying of a group of the Salaf, like Mujahid, Az-Zuhri and Ibn Zayd.
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Islam was a paradigm of the seventh-century Arab social and political nomadic structure familiar to Muhammad and his earliest followers.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.He sees Islam itself as a type of revolution that greatly changed the societies into which the new religion was brought.^ Islam has brought this on itself.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris Takes On the Muslim Cartoon Controversy and His Critics 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To criticize Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, or to say that the Quran is "a product of the prophet," or that Islam is a "fabricated religion," or to smuggle a Bible into a country ruled by the Quran, is a crime punishable by beheading.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ See the original for links The new politics of hope and change sure looks a lot like the old politics of smear and distort.

[163]
.Historians generally agree that Islamic social reforms in areas such as social security, family structure, slavery and the rights of women and children improved on the status quo of Arab society.^ MURDER, SLAVERY: After the Battle of the Trench (Armstrong p 18), all the Jewish men of the Qurayzah tribe were murdered, and the Jewish women and children were enslaved.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Islam was a paradigm of the seventh-century Arab social and political nomadic structure familiar to Muhammad and his earliest followers.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Studies of socioeconomic status and race show that while white women tend to have improved infant mortality rates when socioeconomic status improves, Black women do not.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: May 28, 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

[163][164] .For example, according to Lewis, Islam "from the first denounced aristocratic privilege, rejected hierarchy, and adopted a formula of the career open to the talents".[163] Muhammad's message transformed the society and moral order of life in the Arabian Peninsula through reorientation of society as regards to identity, world view, and the hierarchy of values.^ In this view of things, America, as the world's most powerful nation-state, is the chief impediment to the flowering of a new world order.

^ It was really the first step towards the spread of Islam throughout the entire world, and Muslims begin their calendar from the year of the hijrah .
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But what about the Arabian Peninsula, where Mohammed (570-632) launched Islam?
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[165] .Economic reforms addressed the plight of the poor, which was becoming an issue in pre-Islamic Mecca.^ According to archaeologists, the chief deity of Mecca was the moon-god called al-ilah (meaning the god or the idol), which was shortened to Allah in pre-Islamic times.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The chief god of Muhammad's tribe was one of the three sister goddesses called al-Uzza, the youngest of the three daughters of the pre-Islamic Allah and the patron goddess of Mecca.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Mr Rasmussen has said the issue of the cartoons has gone beyond Denmark to become a clash between Western free speech and Islamic taboos.
  • Jihad Watch: Spencer: Cartoon Rage vs. Freedom of Speech 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: Original source]

[166] .The Qur'an requires payment of an alms tax (zakat) for the benefit of the poor, and as Muhammad's position grew in power he demanded that those tribes who wanted to ally with him implement the zakat in particular.^ I replied: "It is the poor who follow him."

^ Again in verse 85 of the same Surat: If anyone desires a religion other than Islam, never will it be accepted of him; and in the hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What about all of those who will vote for Obama precisely because he is a black man and who would not vote for him if he were an asain man - are they racists or can't black people, by definition be racist?
  • Georgetown/On Faith: Obama's Latest Pastor Disaster - Jacques Berlinerblau 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[167][168]

Sunnah

.The Sunnah represents the actions and sayings of Muhammad (preserved in reports known as Hadith), and covers a broad array of activities and beliefs ranging from religious rituals, personal hygiene, burial of the dead to the mystical questions involving the love between humans and God.^ Again, religious belief is a personal choice .
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Say: (Such) spoils are at the disposal of Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad): so fear Allah, and keep straight the relations between yourselves.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Translated, it says; "I testify that there is no god but allah and I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Sunnah is considered a model of emulation for pious Muslims and has to a great degree influenced the Muslim culture.^ The example of Muhammad, who is traditionally considered by Muslims the perfect model for their own behaviour, has made any Islamic opposition to slavery difficult.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad is considered to be the final infallible prophet to whom the Angel Gabriel gradually revealed the Qur'an and whose life is a model for Muslims to imitate in every detail.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ We consider this a resistance, a starting point, like a fire in a continuous struggle for our cultural life, for our community and we hope it can influence future struggle.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

.The greeting that Muhammad taught Muslims to offer each other, “may peace be upon you” (Arabic: as-salamu `alaykum) is used by Muslims throughout the world.^ If Muslims and Christians are not at peace, the world cannot be at peace .
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad's precedent (Sunnah) is a blight upon the children of the Muslim world.
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Abraham said, 'Peace be upon you!
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many details of major Islamic rituals such as daily prayers, the fasting and the annual pilgrimage are only found in the Sunnah and not the Qur'an.^ Quick Facts Ethiopia is the only Christian part of the Horn of Africa, surrounded by Islamic areas such as Sudan, Somalia and Northern Kenya.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The woman who renders her five daily prayers, fasts her month of Ramadan, guards her chastity and obeys her husband, enters Paradise.

^ The two pastors were found guilty even though they had quoted from the Islamic source texts of Qur'an and Hadith to back up their statements.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[169]
.The Sunnah also played a major role in the development of the Islamic sciences.^ The promise and threat of the Last Day, which occupy an important place in the Koran, continue to play a major role in Muslim thought and piety.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Owens played a major role in the talks and in the news conference, referring to Mr. Yassky as "a candidate with no history and no compatibility with the district."
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ E ven the media play a major role in this [humiliation of the Christians].
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.It contributed much to the development of Islamic law, particularly from the end of the first Islamic century.^ Muhammad Iqbal Siddiqi, a popular Pakistani writer on Islam and Islamic law, represents one end of the spectrum in his book The Penal Law of Islam when he claims that: .
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Mohammedan law had reached its full development in the Fiḳh school and the canonical law had been definitely codified after the second century of the Hegira, was the interconfessional law definitely established.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ W e have to start from the assumption that in the vision of Islam every means is good if it contributes to the final end of the installation of the Islamic state or the protection of Islam.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[170] .Muslim mystics, known as sufis, who were seeking for the inner meaning of the Qur'an and the inner nature of Muhammad, viewed the prophet of Islam not only as a prophet but also as a perfect saint.^ But Islam is different in that Islam has only one prophet.
  • Michael J. Totten: Another Hostage in Iran 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rather it’s a problem to your fellow Muslims like Rizzwan, who can’t digest the fact that his prophet in fact married a 6 yr old girl!
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What evidence do you have that a significant percentage of Muslims are willing to alter their views of Islam?
  • Michael J. Totten: Al Qaeda in Lebanon - CONTINUOUSLY UPDATED 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

Sufi orders trace their chain of spiritual descent back to Muhammad.[171]

Traditional views

Muslim veneration

Topkapı Palace gate with Shahadah and his seal. The Muslim Profession of faith, the Shahadah, illustrates the Muslim conception of the role of Muhammad – "There is no god but God, and Muhammad is His Messenger."
.
Persian manuscript miniature depicting Muhammad, from Rashid-al-Din Hamadani's Jami al-Tawarikh, approximately 1315, illustrating the episode of the Black Stone.
^ So, even before Muhammad pagans were worshipping this black stone in the Kaba.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Umar bin Al-Khattab addressed the Corner (Black Stone) saying, ‘By Allah!

^ His master ordered that a huge stone be placed on his chest and declared, 'By Allah, this stone will not be removed until you die or reject Muhammad and worship al-Lat and al-Uzza.'
  • Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.ummah.com [Source type: Original source]

[172]
.Following the attestation to the oneness of God, the belief in Muhammad's prophethood is the main aspect of the Islamic faith.^ We will fight all that this culture represents and promotes,” said sheik Saleh Faraj, one of the main leaders of the Islamic Liberation Party in the West Bank.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: General]

^ But unlike others, he became attached to the principles, creed and faith of the ONE GOD principal as taught by Prophet Mohammed.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Every aspect of Islamic practice and belief finds its basis in Muhammad's words and deeds.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Every Muslim proclaims in the Shahadah that "I testify that Muhammad is a messenger of Allah". The Shahadah is the basic creed or tenet of Islam.^ Muhammad is the excellent example for every Muslim.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Every Muslim should testify that there is no god but Allah and that Mohammed is the Messenger of Allah.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad the Messenger of Allah has arrived!'
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.Ideally, it is the first words a newborn will hear, and children are taught as soon as they are able to understand it and it will be recited when they die.^ Sometimes they would all go out of the city to the mountains around Mecca to hear him recite the Koran and to be taught by him.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When local Islamic leaders got to hear, they said Aftab's words constituted a divorce under an Islamic procedure known as "triple talaq."

^ Married adolescents often face familial and societal expectations to have children as soon as they are married.
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

.Muslims must repeat the shahadah in the call to prayer (adhan) and the prayer itself.^ Adhan Call to prayer.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muslim leaders have sparked outrage with plans to broadcast the Islamic call to prayer over the roof-tops of one of Britains most historic cities.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ In an interview with Nicholas Kristof, published in The New York Times, Obama recited the Muslim call to prayer, the Adhan, "with a first-class [Arabic] accent."

.Non-Muslims wishing to convert to Islam are required to recite the creed.^ Converted to Islam and joined the Muslims .
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Non-Muslims are not to be forced to convert to Islam; 3.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Non-Muslims will be killed unless they convert to Islam.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[173]
.Muslims have traditionally expressed love and veneration for Muhammad.^ The example of Muhammad, who is traditionally considered by Muslims the perfect model for their own behaviour, has made any Islamic opposition to slavery difficult.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who truly love the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) need to react as he would have reacted in the situation Muslims find themselves in today.
  • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muslims claim that Muhammad was extremely gentle and loved children.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Stories of Muhammad's life, his intercession and of his miracles (particularly "Splitting of the moon") have permeated popular Muslim thought and poetry.^ Gkc:11:56 2/9 - "And, someone wrote that Muslims believe you're not worthy of life if you don't believe in Muhammad.
  • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We don't know Muhammad's thought life but his actions certainly don't look good: at a minimum history attests to Muhammad's gross moral turpitude and sexual abuse.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad is considered to be the final infallible prophet to whom the Angel Gabriel gradually revealed the Qur'an and whose life is a model for Muslims to imitate in every detail.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.The Qur'an refers to Muhammad as "a mercy (rahmat) to the worlds" (Qur'an 21:107).^ The Quran said that Muhammad was sent to show the mercy of God to the world.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the worlds.” (Quran: 21:106-107) .

^ The Holy Quran calls Muhammad (peace be upon him) "Mercy for the Worlds".
  • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[14] .The association of rain with mercy in Oriental countries has led to imagining Muhammad as a rain cloud dispensing blessings and stretching over lands, reviving the dead hearts, just as rain revives the seemingly dead earth (see, for example, the Sindhi poem of Shah ʿAbd al-Latif).^ Abu Musab al-Zarqawi is confirmed dead in a bomb blast in Baghdad just a few hours ago.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is not often that one sees the most powerful countries on Earth achieve new depths of weakness, moral exhaustion and geopolitical stupidity with a single gesture.
  • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris on the Reality of Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The example of guidance and knowledge with which Allah has sent me is like abundant rain falling on the earth.

[14] .Muhammad's birthday is celebrated as a major feast throughout the Islamic world, excluding Wahhabi-dominated Saudi Arabia where these public celebrations are discouraged.^ American efforts to combat this contagion are hamstrung by the fact that its ideological and financial epicentre is Saudi Arabia, where an ostensibly pro-Western royal family governs through a centuries-old alliance with the fanatical Wahhabi Islamic sect.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ It's a British company, but it's linked to Dar Es Salaam Publications, a global publishing house, whose head office is in Saudi Arabia.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ It is estimated that well over one-third of Saudi Arabia's public school curriculum is devoted to Wahhabi teachings.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[174] .Muslims experience Muhammad as a living reality, believing in his ongoing significance to human beings as well as animals and plants.^ This is where Muhammad fails as a prophet and human being!
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, the title Woman recalls the account of the creation of Eve: Adam, surrounded by creation in all its magnificence, experiences loneliness as a human being.

^ We believe that, in their purest form human emotions and experiences are literally divine.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris Takes On the Muslim Cartoon Controversy and His Critics 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

[174] When Muslims say or write the name of Muhammad or any other prophet in Islam, they usually follow it with Peace be upon him (Arabic: sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam) like "Muhammad(Peace be upon him)".[17]
.According to the Qur'an, Muhammad is only the last of a series of Prophets sent by Allah for the benefit of mankind, and thus commands Muslims to make no distinction between them and to surrender to one God Allah.^ We make no distinction between any of them , and unto Him we have surrendered.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ No one can fully comprehend God.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It only has to do with God's nature and the three persons /natures that make up the one God.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Qur'an 10:37–37 states that "...it (the Qur'an) is a confirmation of (revelations) that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book - wherein there is no doubt - from The Lord of the Worlds.". Similarly Qur'an 46:12–12 states "...And before this was the book of Moses, as a guide and a mercy.^ The plane refuelled and went on to Damascus, where the Syrian spymaster General Kholi took charge and ensured there were no more deaths.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Before I start I’ll state that I do not doubt archeon’s status as a prophet… .
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris Takes On the Muslim Cartoon Controversy and His Critics 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is some nasty stuff in 7th Century Islam, no doubt about it.
  • Michael J. Totten: Al Qaeda in Lebanon - CONTINUOUSLY UPDATED 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

.And this Book confirms (it)...", while Qur'an 2:136–136 commands the believers of Islam to "Say: we believe in God and that which is revealed unto us, and that which was revealed unto Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes, and that which Moses and Jesus received, and which the prophets received from their Lord.^ Say (O Muslims): We believe in God and that which is revealed unto us and that which was revealed unto Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which Moses and Jesus received, and that which the prophets received from their Lord.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ We believe in God and that which hath been sent down to us, and that which hath been sent down unto Abraham and Ishmael, and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes, and that which was delivered unto Moses and Jesus, and that which was delivered unto the prophets from the Lord; we make no distinction between any of them, and to God we are resigned.
  • Washington Irving, Mohammed and His Successors 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ He says to others: Do you believe in God?
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered."^ We make no distinction between any of them , and unto Him we have surrendered.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Humankind shall not pass judgment on those who toil nor make distinction between them on thier occupations.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris Takes On the Muslim Cartoon Controversy and His Critics 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Posted by: MattW at June 3, 2007 03:33 PM when i say theological i also mean political because in islam there is no distinction between the two.
  • Michael J. Totten: Al Qaeda in Lebanon - CONTINUOUSLY UPDATED 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

.Historian Denis Gril believes that the Qur'an does not overtly describe Muhammad performing miracles, and the supreme miracle of Muhammad is finally identified with the Qur’an itself.^ The Qur'an itself declares in Surah 5:110 that Jesus performed miracles.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact nowhere in the Qur'an does Muhammad perform even one miracle.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Why was it that Muhammad was unable to perform miracles?
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

[175] .However, Muslim tradition credits Muhammad with several supernatural events.^ So as we can see, the prophet Muhammad performed several miracles, and also went through a miraculous event when he was taken from Mecca to Jerusalem, where he saw all the other prophets and was taken into heaven.

^ For many traditional Muslims, child marriages are acceptable because Muhammad married his favorite wife Aisha when she was six years old and consummated the marriage when she was nine.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ In the contemporary Muslim world, however, it is the traditionalists and especially the Islamists, upholders of the traditional view of shari'a, who are dominating Muslim public opinion.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[176] .For example, many Muslim commentators and some Western scholars have interpreted the Surah 54:1-2 as referring to Muhammad splitting the Moon in view of the Quraysh when they began persecuting his followers.^ Muhammad is the excellent example for every Muslim.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But in some periods they were severely persecuted, e.g.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ They persecuted his followers.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

[175][177]

European and Western views

A 19th century depiction titled "Muhammad preaching" (1840–1850) by Russian artist Grigory Gagarin.
.The learned circles of Middle Ages Europe - primarily Latin-literate scholars - had fairly extensive, concrete biographical knowledge about the life of Mohammed, though they interpreted that information through a Christian religious lens that viewed Muhammad as a charlatan driven by ambition and eagerness for power, and who seduced the Saracens into his submission under a religious guise.^ They ask questions through an interpreter, and get fatwas -- religious rulings.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Much is known about the life of Muhammad.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They talked together about Allah and about Mohammed’s life and family.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[14] .Popular European literature of the time lacked even this knowledge, and portrayed Muhammad as though he were worshipped by Muslims in the manner of an idol or a heathen god.^ In addition to the accomplishments of his lifetime and his significance for the present, most Muslims anticipate a future role for Muhammad - as intercessor, "with God's permission," on Judgment Day.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Even owning dolls was considered detestable if by an adult Muslim at the time.
  • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Surah 3: 137-139 warns that Muslims are to remain firm, even if Muhammad were to be killed in battle.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[14] Some medieval Christians believed he died in 666, alluding to the number of the beast, instead of his actual death date in 632;[178] others changed his name from Muhammad to Mahound, the "devil incarnate".[179] Bernard Lewis writes "The development of the concept of Mahound started with considering Muhammad as a kind of demon or false god worshipped with Apollyon and Termagant in an unholy trinity."[180] A later medieval work, Livre dou Tresor represents Muhammad as a former monk and cardinal.[14] Dante's Divine Comedy (Canto XXVIII), puts Muhammad, together with Ali, in Hell "among the sowers of discord and the schismatics, being lacerated by devils again and again."[14]
.After the reformation, Muhammad was no longer viewed by Christians as a god or idol, but as a cunning, ambitious, and self-seeking impostor.^ There is no god but God, and Muhammad is his Prophet.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But it is true that everything goes on as usual when God no longer is a part of our lives and our world?

^ These idols were placed at the Ka'bah, which was no longer regarded as the Sanctuary of Allah, as Abraham had intended it.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[14][180] .Guillaume Postel was among the first to present a more positive view of Muhammad.^ [In Medina], he offered very little resistance to the corrupting action of the new social position, more particularly in view of the fact that the first steps were accompanied by bewildering triumphs and by fatal sweetness of practically unlimited political power.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

[14] .Boulainvilliers described Muhammad as a gifted political leader and a just lawmaker.^ Benazirs patrons in the West told her what was about to happen and she, foolishly for a political leader who has just returned to her country, evacuated to Dubai.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ They seem to imply that Muhammad was carefully cultivating the Meccan leaders by saying things they "politically" wanted to hear.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The biographical rankings with explanations describes the careers of religious and political leaders, inventors, writers, philosophers, scientists and artists.

[14] .Gottfried Leibniz praised Muhammad because "he did not deviate from the natural religion".[14] Thomas Carlyle defines Muhammed as "A silent great soul, one of that who cannot but be earnest" [181].^ The main intent of this article is to warn Christians who may be " fooled " into Islam, because they did not have all the facts.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many more hadiths could be posted, but these hadiths do make one thing very clear, the prophet Muhammad was a great man, and indeed he is a great example for the Muslims.

^ On one occasion it was as if a great light were shining out of her, and on another she heard a voice telling her that she would have a boy and that his name would be Muhammad.
  • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

Edward Gibbon in his book The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire observes that "the good sense of Mohammad despised the pomp of royalty." Friedrich Martin von Bodenstedt (1851) described Muhammad as "an ominous destroyer and a prophet of murder."[14] Later Western works, many of which, from the 18th century onward, distanced themselves from the polemical histories of earlier Christian authors. .These more historically-oriented treatments, which generally reject the prophethood of Muhammad, are coloured by the Western philosophical and theological framework of their authors.^ Many more hadiths could be posted, but these hadiths do make one thing very clear, the prophet Muhammad was a great man, and indeed he is a great example for the Muslims.

^ All these collections and biographies are based on the so-called Hadiths, or "traditions", the historical value of which is more than doubtful.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These people and many more are just following Muhammad's excellent example.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many of these studies reflect much historical research, and most pay more attention to human, social, economic, and political factors than to religious, theological, and spiritual matters.^ Traditional, spiritual Muslims do not see politics as a religious matter.
  • Michael J. Totten: Al Qaeda in Lebanon - CONTINUOUSLY UPDATED 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The study of selected genes may help reconstruct many crucial events in the human past.

^ UVA Health : It has been well documented that, across human cultures and in most mammals, males are usually more aggressive and less nurturing than females.

[19].
.It was not until the latter part of the 20th century that Western authors combined rigorous scholarship as understood in the modern West with empathy toward the subject at hand and, especially, awareness of the religious and spiritual realities involved in the study of the life of the founder of a major world religion.^ Supporters travelled to the stadium in convoys of buses from other parts of Indonesia, the world's most populous Muslim-majority country.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ So it’s up to us in Europe and the US and a handful of other modern countries to lead the way, to begin by getting real about ALL religions - they are systems of ignorance that are all more or less equally at fault for the kind of hatreds that are making life miserable across the globe right now.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris on the Reality of Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Western Christians spread images of a European Jesus through their encounters with peoples of Africa, the Americas, Australia and parts of Asia (often through colonization), from the 16th to the 20th century.
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: May 28, 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]
  • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

[19] .According to Watt and Richard Bell, recent writers have generally dismissed the idea that Muhammad deliberately deceived his followers, arguing that Muhammad “was absolutely sincere and acted in complete good faith”.^ The jihadists are acting in full accord with their faith.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ It seems unimaginable that the kind and generally peace-loving Muhammad would have desired that innocent strangers should be murdered, but some of his (extremist) followers believe that.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because of the great number of people who follow Muhammad and his religion, Islam, Carlye assumed that Muhammad was sincere and original.
  • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

[182] .Watt says that sincerity does not directly imply correctness: In contemporary terms, Muhammad might have mistaken his own subconscious for divine revelation.^ Nor does he (Muhammad) speak of his own desire .

^ I don’t disagree that observing what others do and say might, on occasion, be helpful in confirming or ordering your own thoughts and notions.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris on the Reality of Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The people are saying that even one sign would be enough to convince them, just one miracle performed by Muhammad - and yet he still does none....
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[183] .Watt and Lewis argue that viewing Muhammad as a self-seeking impostor makes it impossible to understand the development of Islam.^ This series of pull-out supplements is intended to provide background information for Christians seeking to understand the nature of Islam and its contemporary expression.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Islam and Democracy Turning to Islam, we contend that the religion of Muhammad is incompatible with democracy; and that this is a self-evident truth.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ "I decided that in view of 7/7 and looking it the dominant form of Islam that was being developed in Britain it was imperative that somebody spoke out from within to challenge that.
  • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[184][185] .Welch holds that Muhammad was able to be so influential and successful because of his firm belief in his vocation.^ Islam has three primary branches of belief, based largely on a historical disagreement over the succession of authority after Muhammad's death.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

[14] .Muhammad’s readiness to endure hardship for his cause when there seemed to be no rational basis for hope shows his sincerity.^ It seems pointless if after we die, there’s no hope for us.” .
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris Takes On the Muslim Cartoon Controversy and His Critics 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no god but God, and Muhammad is his Prophet.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You almost died and didn’t get a show put on so now you are certain there is no show.
  • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris Takes On the Muslim Cartoon Controversy and His Critics 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

[186]

Other religious traditions

.
  • Bahá'ís venerate Muhammad as one of a number of prophets or "Manifestations of God", but consider his teachings to have been superseded by those of Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahai faith.^ There is no god but God, and Muhammad is his Prophet.
    • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/islam.htm 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Muslims consider him the restorer of the uncorrupted original monotheistic faith (Islam) of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Noah and other prophets of Islam.

    ^ Peace be upon those who follow the truth, who believe in Allah and His Prophet and who testify that there is no divinity but Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger.
    • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    [187]
  • .
  • Muhammad is regarded as one of the Saints of Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica.
  • The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints does not regard Muhammad as a prophet, nor accept the Qur’an as a book of scripture.^ According to Islam, the prophet Muhammad supersedes Jesus Christ.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The prophet Muhammad certainly does not fit the description given by Jesus.

    ^ We know who God is through Jesus Christ, the only one who is God.

    .However, they do respect Muhammad as one who taught moral truths which can enlighten nations and bring a higher level of understanding to individuals.^ They then began to argue about who should have the honor of carrying the black stone and lifting it to its place in one of the corners of the Ka'bah.
    • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ One girl, who was about eight years old, they called kintirleey , "she with the clitoris".
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Peace be upon those who follow the truth, who believe in Allah and His Prophet and who testify that there is no divinity but Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger.
    • This is Muhammad - a knol by Muhammad Habib 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    [188]
  • .
  • Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, viewed Muhammad as an agent of the Hindu supreme being Brahma.^ You must remember H-R that the average “secular” humanist or atheist doesn’t claim to get his world view from a supreme “prefect” super being.
    • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris Takes On the Muslim Cartoon Controversy and His Critics 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And how is claiming a self derived world view any less threatening or any more reasuring than someone claiming to get it from “supreme “prefect” super being”???
    • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris Takes On the Muslim Cartoon Controversy and His Critics 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You must remember H-R that the average “secular” humanist or atheist doesn’t claim to get his world view from a supreme “prefect” super being.
    • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris Takes On the Muslim Cartoon Controversy and His Critics 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

    [189]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ See Muhittin Serin (1988)
  2. ^ Unicode has a special "Muhammad" ligature at U+FDF4
  3. ^ About this sound click here for the Arabic pronunciation.
  4. ^ Variant transcriptions of Muhammad's name, besides those used above, include — (English and multiple European languages:) "Mahomet"; (French:) "Mahomet, Mohamed, Mouhammed, Mahon, Mahomés, Mahun, Mahum, Mahumet, Mahound (medieval French), Mohand (for Berber speakers), Mouhammadou and Mamadou (in Sub-Saharan Africa)"; (Latin:) "Machometus, Mahumetus, Mahometus, Macometus, Mahometes"; (Spanish:) "Mahoma"; (Italian:) "Maometto"; (Portuguese:) "Maomé"; (Greek:) "Μωάμεθ, Μουχάμμαντντ, Μοχάμαντ, Μοχάμεντ, Μουχάμεντ, Μουχάμμαιντ"; (Turkish:) "Mehmet"; (Kurdish:) "Mihemed". See also Encyclopedia of Islam: (German:) "Machmet" (pre-20th century).
  5. ^ The sources frequently say that, in his youth, he was called by the nickname "Al-Amin" meaning "Honest, Truthful" cf. Ernst (2004), p. 85.
  6. ^ Elizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63
  7. ^ Esposito (1998), p. 12.
  8. ^ Esposito (2002b), pp. 4–5.
  9. ^ a b F. E. Peters (2003), p. 9.
  10. ^ Alphonse de Lamartine (1854), Historie de la Turquie, Paris, p. 280:
    "Philosophe, orateur, apôtre, législateur, guerrier, conquérant d'idées, restaurateur de dogmes, d'un culte sans images, fondateur de vingt empires terrestres et d'un empire spirituel, voilà Mahomet!"
  11. ^ a b Encyclopedia of World History (1998), p. 452
  12. ^ 'Islam' is always referred to in the Qur'an as a dīn, a word that means "way" or "path" in Arabic, but is usually translated in English as "religion" for the sake of convenience
  13. ^ Esposito (1998), p. 12; (1999) p. 25; (2002) pp. 4–5
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq Alford Welch, Muhammad, Encyclopedia of Islam
  15. ^ "Muhmmad," Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim world
  16. ^ a b See:
    • Holt (1977a), p.57
    • Lapidus (2002), pp 0.31 and 32
  17. ^ a b Ann Goldman, Richard Hain, Stephen Liben (2006), p.212
  18. ^ Watt (1974) p. 231
  19. ^ a b c d "Muhammad; Encyclopædia Britannica". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2010. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/396226/Muhammad. 
  20. ^ Jean-Louis Déclais, Names of the Prophet, Encyclopedia of the Qur'an
  21. ^ a b c Uri Rubin, Muhammad, Encyclopedia of the Qur'an
  22. ^ Ernst (2004), p. 80
  23. ^ a b c S. A. Nigosian(2004), p. 6
  24. ^ a b Watt (1953), p.xi
  25. ^ Reeves (2003), pp. 6–7
  26. ^ Donner (1998), p. 132
  27. ^ Watt (1953), p.xv
  28. ^ a b Lewis (1993), pp. 33–34
  29. ^ Cragg, Albert Kenneth. "Hadith". Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.. http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9105855/Hadith. Retrieved 2008-03-30. 
  30. ^ Madelung (1997), pp.xi, 19 and 20
  31. ^ Philip K. Hitti, History of the Arabs, 10th edition (1970), p.112.
  32. ^ Watt (1953), pp.1–2
  33. ^ Watt (1953), pp. 16–18
  34. ^ Loyal Rue, Religion Is Not about God: How Spiritual Traditions Nurture Our Biological,2005, p.224
  35. ^ John Esposito, Islam, Expanded edition, Oxford University Press, p.4–5
  36. ^ See:
    • Esposito, Islam, Extended Edition, Oxford University Press, pp.5–7
    • Qur'an 3:95
  37. ^ Kochler (1982), p.29
  38. ^ cf. Uri Rubin, Hanif, Encyclopedia of the Qur'an
  39. ^ See:
    • Louis Jacobs(1995), p.272
    • Turner (2005), p.16
  40. ^ See also [Qur'an 43:31] cited in EoI; Muhammad
  41. ^ a b Watt (1974), p. 7.
  42. ^ Josef W. Meri (2005), p. 525
  43. ^ Watt, Halimah bint Abi Dhuayb, Encyclopaedia of Islam
  44. ^ Watt, Amina, Encyclopaedia of Islam
  45. ^ a b c Watt (1974), p. 8.
  46. ^ Armand Abel, Bahira, Encyclopaedia of Islam
  47. ^ a b Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History (2005), v.3, p. 1025
  48. ^ Esposito (1998), p. 6
  49. ^ Emory C. Bogle (1998), p.6
  50. ^ John Henry Haaren, Addison B. Poland (1904), p.83
  51. ^ Brown (2003), pp. 72–73
  52. ^
    • Emory C. Bogle (1998), p.7
    • Razwy (1996), ch. 9
    • Rodinson (2002), p. 71.
  53. ^ Brown (2003), pp. 73–74
  54. ^ Uri Rubin, Muhammad, Encyclopedia of the Quran
  55. ^ Watt, The Cambridge History of Islam (1977), p. 31.
  56. ^ Daniel C. Peterson, Good News, Encyclopedia of the Qur'an
  57. ^ a b Watt (1953), p. 86
  58. ^ Ramadan (2007), p. 37–9
  59. ^ a b c Watt, The Cambridge History of Islam (1977), p. 36.
  60. ^ F. E. Peters (1994), p.169
  61. ^ a b c Uri Rubin, Quraysh, Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an
  62. ^ Jonathan E. Brockopp, Slaves and Slavery, Encyclopedia of the Qur'an
  63. ^ W. Arafat, Bilal b. Rabah, Encyclopedia of Islam
  64. ^ Watt (1964) p. 76.
  65. ^ Peters (1999) p. 172.
  66. ^ Muhammad Nasiruddin Al-Albani, Nasb al Majaneeq fil Radd 'Ala Qissat al Gharaneeq, 1996, pg.1
  67. ^ The aforementioned Islamic histories recount that as Muhammad was reciting Sūra Al-Najm (Q.53), as revealed to him by the angel Gabriel, Satan tempted him to utter the following lines after verses 19 and 20: "Have you thought of Allāt and al-'Uzzā and Manāt the third, the other; These are the exalted Gharaniq, whose intercession is hoped for." (Allāt, al-'Uzzā and Manāt were three goddesses worshiped by the Meccans). cf Ibn Ishaq, A. Guillaume p. 166.
  68. ^ Al-Albani, pg.1
  69. ^ Shahab Ahmed, Satanic Verses, Encyclopedia of the Qur'an
  70. ^ F. E. Peters (2003b), p. 96
  71. ^ a b c Moojan Momen (1985), p. 4
  72. ^ Watt (1974) p. 83
  73. ^ Peterson (2006), pg. 86-9
  74. ^ a b Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World (2003), p. 482
  75. ^ Sells, Michael. Ascension, Encyclopedia of the Quran.
  76. ^ a b c d Watt, The Cambridge History of Islam, p. 39
  77. ^ a b Esposito (1998), p. 17.
  78. ^ Moojan Momen (1985), p. 5
  79. ^ Watt (1956), p. 175, p. 177.
  80. ^ "Ali ibn Abitalib". Encyclopedia Iranica. http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v1f8/v1f8a043.html. Retrieved 2007-10-25. 
  81. ^ Watt (1956), p. 179.
  82. ^ Fazlur Rahman (1979), p. 21
  83. ^ a b Lewis (2002), p. 41.
  84. ^ Watt (1961), p. 105.
  85. ^ John Kelsay (1993), p. 21
  86. ^ Watt(1961) p. 105, p. 107
  87. ^ Lewis (1993), p. 41.
  88. ^ Rodinson (2002), p. 164.
  89. ^ Watt, The Cambridge History of Islam, p. 45
  90. ^ Glubb (2002), pp. 179–186.
  91. ^ Watt (1961), p. 123.
  92. ^ Rodinson (2002), pp. 168–9.
  93. ^ Lewis(2002), p. 44
  94. ^ Watt (1961), p. 132.
  95. ^ Watt (1961), p. 134
  96. ^ a b Lewis (1960), p. 45.
  97. ^ C.F. Robinson, Uhud, Encyclopedia of Islam
  98. ^ Watt (1964) p. 137
  99. ^ Watt (1974) p. 137
  100. ^ David Cook(2007), p.24
  101. ^ See:
    • Watt (1981) p. 432;
    • Watt (1964) p. 144.
  102. ^ a b Watt (1956), p. 30.
  103. ^ Watt (1956), p. 34
  104. ^ Watt (1956), p. 18
  105. ^ Watt (1956), pp. 220–221
  106. ^ Watt (1956), p. 35
  107. ^ Watt (1956), p. 36, 37
  108. ^ See:
    • Rodinson (2002), pp. 209–211;
    • Watt (1964) p. 169
  109. ^ Watt (1964) pp. 170–172
  110. ^ Peterson(2007), p. 126
  111. ^ Ramadan (2007), p. 141
  112. ^ Watt (1956), p. 39
  113. ^ a b c Watt, Aisha, Encyclopedia of Islam
  114. ^ [Qur'an 2:196-210]
  115. ^ Lings (1987), p. 249
  116. ^ a b c d Watt, al- Hudaybiya or al-Hudaybiyya Encyclopedia of Islam
  117. ^ Lewis (2002), p. 42.
  118. ^ Lings (1987), p. 255
  119. ^ Vaglieri, Khaybar, Encyclopedia of Islam
  120. ^ a b Lings (1987), p. 260
  121. ^ a b Khan (1998), pp. 250–251
  122. ^ F. Buhl, Muta, Encyclopedia of Islam
  123. ^ a b c d Khan (1998), p. 274
  124. ^ a b c Lings (1987), p. 291
  125. ^ a b Khan (1998), pp. 274–5.
  126. ^ Lings (1987), p. 292
  127. ^ Watt (1956), p. 66.
  128. ^ Rodinson (2002), p. 261.
  129. ^ Harold Wayne Ballard, Donald N. Penny, W. Glenn Jonas (2002), p.163
  130. ^ F. E. Peters (2003), p.240
  131. ^ [Qur'an 110:1]
  132. ^ Watt (1974), p.207
  133. ^ M.A. al-Bakhit, Tabuk, Encyclopedia of Islam
  134. ^ Lewis (1993), pp.43–44
  135. ^ Devin J. Stewart, Farewell Pilgrimage, Encyclopedia of the Qur'an
  136. ^ Al-Hibri (2003), p.17
  137. ^ See:
  138. ^ a b The Last Prophet, page 3. By Lewis Lord of U.S. News & World Report. April 7, 2008.
  139. ^ Leila Ahmed (1986), 665–91 (686)
  140. ^ a b F. E. Peters(2003), p.90
  141. ^ "Isa", Encyclopedia of Islam
  142. ^ See:
    • Holt (1977a), p.57
    • Hourani (2003), p.22
    • Lapidus (2002), p.32
    • Esposito(1998), p.36
    • Madelung (1996), p.43
  143. ^ Esposito (1998), p.35–36
  144. ^ See for example Marco Schöller, Banu Qurayza, Encyclopedia of the Quran mentioning the differing accounts of the status of Rayhana
  145. ^ a b Barbara Freyer Stowasser, Wives of the Prophet, Encyclopedia of the Quran
  146. ^ Esposito (1998), p. 18
  147. ^ Bullough (1998), p. 119
  148. ^ Reeves (2003), p. 46
  149. ^ D. A. Spellberg, Politics, Gender, and the Islamic Past: the Legacy of A'isha bint Abi Bakr, Columbia University Press, (1996) ISBN 0231079990, p. 40: "in Ibn Sa'd, the age of Aisha at marriage varies between nine and fifteen"
  150. ^ Karen Armstrong, Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet, Harper San Francisco, 1992, p. 157.
  151. ^ Living Thoughts of the Prophet Muhammad, 1992 U.S.A. edition, p. 30, note 40.
  152. ^ Momen (1985), p.9
  153. ^ Tariq Ramadan (2007), p. 168–9
  154. ^ Asma Barlas (2002), p. 125
  155. ^ Armstrong (1992), p. 157
  156. ^ a b Nicholas Awde (2000), p.10
  157. ^ Ordoni (1990) pp. 32, 42–44.
  158. ^ "Ali". Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 
  159. ^ 'Human Rights in Islam'. Published by The Islamic Foundation (1976) - Leicester, U.K
  160. ^ see e.g. Al Azhar scholar Sheikh Abdul Majid Subh's writings
  161. ^ Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya recorded the list of some names of Muhammad's female-slaves in Zad al-Ma'ad, Part I, p. 116
  162. ^ Cambridge History of Islam (1970), p. 30.
  163. ^ a b c Lewis (1998)
  164. ^
  165. ^ Islamic ethics, Encyclopedia of Ethics
  166. ^ Watt, The Cambridge History of Islam, p. 34
  167. ^ Esposito (1998), p. 30
  168. ^ Watt, The Cambridge History of Islam, p. 52
  169. ^ Muhammad, Encyclopædia Britannica, p.9
  170. ^ J. Schacht, Fiḳh, Encyclopedia of Islam
  171. ^ Muhammad, Encyclopædia Britannica, p.11–12
  172. ^ Ali, Wijdan (1999),p. 3
  173. ^ Farah (1994), p.135
  174. ^ a b Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Encyclopedia Britannica, Muhammad, p.13
  175. ^ a b Denis Gril, Miracles, Encyclopedia of the Qur'an
  176. ^ A.J. Wensinck, Muʿd̲j̲iza, Encyclopedia of Islam
  177. ^ Daniel Martin Varisco, Moon, Encyclopedia of the Qur'an
  178. ^ Göran Larsson (2003), p. 87
  179. ^ Reeves (2003), p. 3
  180. ^ a b Lewis (2002) p. 45.
  181. ^ On heroes and hero worship by Thomas Carlyle
  182. ^ Watt, Bell (1995) p. 18
  183. ^ Watt (1974), p. 17
  184. ^ Watt, The Cambridge history of Islam, p. 37
  185. ^ Lewis (1993), p. 45.
  186. ^ Watt (1974), p. 232
  187. ^ Smith, P. (1999). A Concise Encyclopedia of the Bahá'í Faith. Oxford, UK: Oneworld Publications. pp. 251. ISBN 1851681841. 
  188. ^ James A. Toronto (August 2000). "A Latter-day Saint Perspective on Muhammad". Ensign. http://www.lds.org/portal/site/LDSOrg/menuitem.b12f9d18fae655bb69095bd3e44916a0/?vgnextoid=2354fccf2b7db010VgnVCM1000004d82620aRCRD&locale=0&sourceId=bbaba1615ac0c010VgnVCM1000004d82620a____&hideNav=1. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  189. ^ Peter Teed (1992), p.424

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    ^ Tags: children , don't , hadith , Islam , islamic , kill , killing , Mohammed , Muhammed , Muslims , peaceful , prophet , women .

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    .University of North Carolina Press.^ KSM, a Pakistani who spent most of his childhood in Kuwait, went to college at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University in the US from 1983 to 1986.

    ^ Proud Republican Alfred Male 20 years old University of North Carolina Republican How You Can Contribute .
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    ^ John Esposito, Islam: the Straight Path , 3rd ed.
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    .Oxford University Press.^ The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church ; Oxford, Oxford University Press; p 148.
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    ^ Joseph Schacht, An introduction to Islamic Law, (London: Oxford University Press, 1964), p.
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    ISBN 0-19-511233-4.
     
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    .Oxford University Press.^ The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church ; Oxford, Oxford University Press; p 148.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Joseph Schacht, An introduction to Islamic Law, (London: Oxford University Press, 1964), p.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0-19-513076-6.
     
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    ^ He thinks Islam can improve and I think that we need to get to know Islam better than the Muslims do and kill the fucker.
    • Michael J. Totten: Al Qaeda in Lebanon - CONTINUOUSLY UPDATED 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I am sick and tired of people who spout things about Islam as if they knew what they're talking about, when they quite obviously know nothing.
    • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Oxford University Press.^ The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church ; Oxford, Oxford University Press; p 148.
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    ^ Joseph Schacht, An introduction to Islamic Law, (London: Oxford University Press, 1964), p.
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    ISBN 0-19-515713-3.
     
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    ^ The cardinal is the spiritual leader of the Chicago diocese and I believe that Father Pfleger is a diocesan priest.
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    .Oxford University Press.^ The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church ; Oxford, Oxford University Press; p 148.
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    ^ Joseph Schacht, An introduction to Islamic Law, (London: Oxford University Press, 1964), p.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0195082400.
     
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    ^ Joseph Schacht, An introduction to Islamic Law, (London: Oxford University Press, 1964), p.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

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    ^ Quoted Runciman, A History of the Crusades , Cambridge University Press, 1951, vol.
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    ^ Jonathan Riley-Smith, The First Crusaders, 1095-1131 , Cambridge University Press, 1997, p.
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    ISBN 978-0521291354.
     
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    ^ From ‘ Ibn Kathirs The Life of the Prophet Muhammad, Al-sira Al-Nabawiyya, volume 2’ : .

    ^ Muhammad broke those promises, according to accepted Muslim sources (such as Ibn Ishaq).
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    ^ Joseph Schacht, An introduction to Islamic Law, (London: Oxford University Press, 1964), p.
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    ^ Joseph Schacht, An introduction to Islamic Law, (London: Oxford University Press, 1964), p.
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    ISBN 0198264631.
     
  • Kelsay, John (1993). .Islam and War: A Study in Comparative Ethics.^ But those who study Islamic Holy War will understand why Islam wants to conquer the whole world.
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    ^ WAR AND PEACE ETHICS IN ISLAM (2) .
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  • Khan, Majid Ali (1998). .Muhammad The Final Messenger.^ And Allah knows best and I testify that Muhammad is the last and final messenger of God!

    ^ Praise Allah the true God, and peace upon his last and final messenger who was the prophet Muhammad.

    .Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 110002 (India).^ Ruqaiyyah Waris Maqsood, "GCSE Islam: The Do-It-Yourself Guide", New Delhi: Goodword Books, revised edition 2004.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ General Assembly of the World Assembly of Youth held in New Delhi, India, in 1958.

    ^ Cox News Service, 10/21/2001 ] Islamic Jihad merged with al-Qaeda in February 1998.

    ISBN 81-85738-25-4.
     
  • Kochler, Hans (1982). .Concept of Monotheism in Islam & Christianity.^ APPENDIX: THE CONCEPT OF LOVE IN ISLAM Introduction: the contrast with Christianity God`s love is the central theme of the New Testament and therefore of the Christian faith.
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    ^ Love your neighbour The letter suggests that loving your neighbour is a concept common to both Islam and Christianity.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This different conception of the Godhead constitutes the essential difference between Christianity and Islam, both in their concept of worship and of science.

    I.P.O.. ISBN 3-7003-0339-4.
     
  • Lapidus, Ira (2002). .A History of Islamic Societies (2nd ed.^ "We find traditions of liberty, rationality and tolerance in the rich histories of pre-Islamic and Islamic societies.
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    ). .Cambridge University Press.^ Jonathan Riley-Smith, The First Crusaders 1095-1131 , Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp 14-15.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Quoted Runciman, A History of the Crusades , Cambridge University Press, 1951, vol.
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    ^ Jonathan Riley-Smith, The First Crusaders, 1095-1131 , Cambridge University Press, 1997, p.
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    ISBN 978-0521779333.
     
  • Larsson, Göran (2003). .Ibn Garcia's Shu'Ubiyya Letter: Ethnic and Theological Tensions in Medieval Al-Andalus.^ He refused this too, and sent Abu Sufyan ibn Harb and al-Mughirah ibn Shu'bah, one of their people, to destroy it.
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    ^ (Sunan Ibn Mâjah) Leadership The Prophet said: ‘On a journey, the leader of the group is their servant.’ (Sunan Ibn Mâjah, Shu’ab Al- خ .

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  • Lewis, Bernard (1993, 2002). The Arabs in History. .Oxford University Press.^ The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church ; Oxford, Oxford University Press; p 148.
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    ^ Joseph Schacht, An introduction to Islamic Law, (London: Oxford University Press, 1964), p.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

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  • Lewis, Bernard (1992). Race and Slavery in the Middle East: An Historical Enquiry (Reprint ed.). .Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN 978-0195053265. 
  • Lewis, Bernard (January 21, 1998).^ Esa Tiiliharju, Electronic Circuit Design Lab, Helsinki University of Technology, Otakaari, 5A, 02150 Espoo, Finland, January, 1998-August 1998.
    • Curriculum Vitae of Dr. Mohammed Ismail 31 January 2010 13:40 UTC www.ece.osu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church ; Oxford, Oxford University Press; p 148.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Joseph Schacht, An introduction to Islamic Law, (London: Oxford University Press, 1964), p.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    "Islamic Revolution". .The New York Review of Books.^ His book The Sword of the Prophet (2002) – reviewed in News Weekly (July 8,2006) – was an important look at militant Islam.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ See the book review by Istvan Deak, a distinguished Columbia University scholar, or a book by Dan Kurzman on Hitler and Pius XII in the current New York Review of Books.
    • Georgetown/On Faith: Obama's Latest Pastor Disaster - Jacques Berlinerblau 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Both books are published by Regency Publishing (Washington) and both are New York Times bestsellers.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    .http://www.nybooks.com/articles/4557.
     
  • Lings, Martin (1987).^ The site is here http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/woods/4623/contents.htm The entire bio can be read below!
    • *Hip Hop Republican*: June 2006 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC hiphoprepublican.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Regards, James m Joiner http://www.anaveragepatriot.com .
    • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris on the Reality of Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Anonymous # http://www.multiline.com.au/~johnm/submit/subchron6.htm#violence_by_muslims [July-August 2007] • Shari'a and Muslims in the West .
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    .Muhammad: His Life Based on Earliest Sources.^ [RECAPITULATION: The major sources are all available in English, and are the Koran, the Sira or the Life of Muhammad by Ibn Ishaq, and the Hadith, the sayings and deeds of the Prophet and his companions.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ From what sources do you derive your understanding of the life of Muhammad?
    • Michael J. Totten: Another Hostage in Iran 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As Spencer progresses through the Prophet's life, the evidence for Muhammad's model as the source of modern jihadist practice becomes overwhelming.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    Inner Traditions International, Limited .. ISBN 0-89281-170-6. 
  • Madelung, Wilferd (1997). .The Succession to Muhammad: A Study of the Early Caliphate.^ A good example of the bloodshed under Islam is found in the succession of Caliphs who came after Muhammad.
    • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Muhammad's early attempts to unite with Christians and Jews were not successful .
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Cambridge University Press.^ Jonathan Riley-Smith, The First Crusaders 1095-1131 , Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp 14-15.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Quoted Runciman, A History of the Crusades , Cambridge University Press, 1951, vol.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Jonathan Riley-Smith, The First Crusaders, 1095-1131 , Cambridge University Press, 1997, p.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0521646960.
     
  • Momen, Moojan (1985). .An Introduction to Shi'i Islam: The History and Doctrines of Twelver Shiʻism.^ He soon gained control of most of Iran and declared Twelver Shi'a Islam the state religion in an effort to unite his empire against the Sunni Ottomans.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Iran is the only Muslim state with Twelver Shi'a Islam as the official state religion.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Spencer's book, The Politically Incorrect Guide to Islam , is a superb introduction to Islam and offers a truthful (as opposed to a politically correct ) overview of Islamic teaching and history.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    Yale University Press. ISBN 0300035314.
     
  • Neusner, Jacob (2003). .God's Rule: The Politics of World Religions.^ Prior to the dawn of these three great religions, this dark world was ruled by paganism, superstition, ignorance and fear.
    • Truthdig - Reports - Sam Harris on the Reality of Islam 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ So, the religion of Islam has to rule the world.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The bottom line is that religion is only one variable among many that feed into identity and politics, not just for Kurds but for every country and culture in the world.
    • Michael J. Totten: Another Hostage in Iran 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

    Georgetown University Press. ISBN 0-87840-910-6.
     
  • Nigosian, S. A. (2004). .Islam:Its History, Teaching, and Practices.^ If we expose all of the history of Mohammad and all of his teachings and the structure of scripture and law in Islam, then Islam will crumble.
    • Michael J. Totten: Al Qaeda in Lebanon - CONTINUOUSLY UPDATED 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are also false or exaggerated statements introduced in order to make Islam appear in a better light, while the negative aspects of Islamic teaching or Islamic history are cut out.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The answer to that question can be arrived at only by examining Islam in its teachings and practice; and in its history, to see how these teaching and practices have been interpreted.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    Indiana University Press. ISBN 0253216273.
     
  • Ordoni, Abu Muhammad; Muhammad Kazim Qazwini (1992). Fatima the Gracious. Ansariyan Publications. ISBN B000BWQ7N6. 
  • Peters, Francis Edward (2003). .Islam: A Guide for Jews and Christians.^ Radical Islam, with its attendant hatred of Jews and Christians, was not ascendant in the Indian Ocean basin as it is today.

    ^ Jews and the Christians for friends; they are friends of each other; and whoever amongst you takes them for a friend, then surely he is one of them; surely Allah does not guide the unjust people."
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It appears that the Christian vocabulary of the letter is intended to guide Christian readers to the erroneous conclusion that Islam and Christianity are basically identical religions, focusing on love to God and to the neighbour.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-11553-2.
     
  • Peters, Francis Edward (2003b). .The Monotheists: Jews, Christians, and Muslims in Conflict and Competition.^ The Quran permits the Muslim man to marry a Christian or a Jewish woman, but forbids the Muslim woman to marry a Christian or a Jew .
    • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ [RECAPITULATION: There were demands for gays to be killed and women to be subjugated, along with comments such as "the Jews and the Christians are the enemies of the Muslim", the report said.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Please note that we Muslims love and respect Allah Almighty, Mary, Jesus and Allah’s Message to the People of the Book (The Jews and Christians).

    Princeton University Press. ASIN: B0012385Z6.
     
  • Peters, Francis Edward (1994). .Muhammad and the Origins of Islam.^ Because of the great number of people who follow Muhammad and his religion, Islam, Carlye assumed that Muhammad was sincere and original.
    • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

    SUNY Press. ISBN 0791418766.
     
  • Peters, F. E. (1991). ."The Quest of the Historical Muhammad". International Journal of Middle East Studies 23: 291–315. 
  • Peterson, Daniel (2007).^ Paul Stenhouse, pp 14-16, September 2007 ANNALS AUSTRALASIA 14-16 SEPTEMBER 2007 Middle East Smoke and Mirrors on the Levantine Stage .
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Posted by: Michael J. Totten at June 2, 2007 10:14 PM What is most important as far as control goes in the Middle East is who have the guns and the will to use them.
    • Michael J. Totten: Al Qaeda in Lebanon - CONTINUOUSLY UPDATED 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I believe that Australia can play this role of bridging not only in the Middle East, but all over international communities."
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    .Muhammad, Prophet of God.^ N o prophet of God was ever subject to epileptic fits & uncertainty- like Muhammad was...
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ During the initial phase of his mission of preaching the unity of God, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his followers were severely persecuted and tortured by the polytheists.
    • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ God did reveal in the Land of Kedar, through prophet Muhammad – a direct descendant of Kedar, a “New Song” – The Qur’an (Koran).
    • A Must See Coming of Prophet Muhammad (s) Prophecies In The Bible « THE ONLY TRUE RELIGION DEBATE 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC truereligiondebate.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

    Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. ISBN 0802807542. 
  • Rahman, Fazlur (1979). Islam. University Of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226702812. 
  • Ramadan, Tariq (2007). .In the Footsteps of the Prophet: Lessons from the Life of Muhammad.^ From ‘ Ibn Kathirs The Life of the Prophet Muhammad, Al-sira Al-Nabawiyya, volume 2’ : .

    ^ The Prophet Muhammad's life is filled with heart-touching examples of patience, forbearance and forgiveness.
    • Should U.S. Media Reprint the Cartoons? - The Debate 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ [RECAPITULATION: The major sources are all available in English, and are the Koran, the Sira or the Life of Muhammad by Ibn Ishaq, and the Hadith, the sayings and deeds of the Prophet and his companions.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    .Oxford University Press.^ The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church ; Oxford, Oxford University Press; p 148.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Joseph Schacht, An introduction to Islamic Law, (London: Oxford University Press, 1964), p.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0195308808.
     
  • Razwi, Ali Asgher (1997). .A Restatement of the History of Islam and Muslims.^ We have a 1500 year history of the Muslim people since Islam reared it's ugly head.
    • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This migration, called in Arabic "Hijra,"is regarded by Muslims as the key date in the history of Islam, and the Muslim calendar begins with that year.
    • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is ironical in the light of subsequent history that the Crusaders should be accused by their enemies - Muslim and even some Christians - of setting out expressly to destroy Islam.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    .World Federation of K S I Muslim Communities Islamic Centre.^ The Sydney-based chairman of the Australian Federation of Islamic Councils, Ikebal Patel, said falsification of election material created a further rift between mainstream community and Muslims.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The issue has gained approval after a series of terrorist attacks, amid fears that Islamic extremism is gaining a foothold in some Muslim communities.

    ^ Or does it indicate a growing Muslim confidence and self-awareness of Islamic power, the letter itself being part of a strategy of Islamisation of the "Christian" world?
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0950987913.
     
  • Reeves, Minou (2003). .Muhammad in Europe: A Thousand Years of Western Myth-Making.^ Lapenna says Westerners forget Iranian culture precedes the Ayatollahs' regime by thousands of years.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In Suras 6:14, 6: 16 3 and 39:12 we are told that Muhammad (born 570 years after Jesus) was the first to bow down to Allah ; making him the first Muslim.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ However, i n retrospect, the Crusades probably allowed the western world a thousand years of freedom from the diabolical Islamic religion.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 6 February 2010 13:013 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    NYU Press. ISBN 978-0814775646.
     
  • Robinson, David (2004). Muslim Societies in African History. .Cambridge University Press.^ Jonathan Riley-Smith, The First Crusaders 1095-1131 , Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp 14-15.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Quoted Runciman, A History of the Crusades , Cambridge University Press, 1951, vol.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Jonathan Riley-Smith, The First Crusaders, 1095-1131 , Cambridge University Press, 1997, p.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 052153366X.
     
  • Rodinson, Maxime (2002). .Muhammad: Prophet of Islam.^ Tags: Islam , miracles , Muhammad , performed , prophet .

    ^ Someone who slanders Muhammad or insults one of the prophets of Islam is killed without being given the chance of repentance.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It has been written after many years of research to inform the English speaking people concerning Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, and the Quran.
    • Islam Mohammad and The Koran 28 January 2010 0:31 UTC thespiritofislam.com [Source type: Original source]

    Tauris Parke Paperbacks. ISBN 1-86064-827-4.
     
  • Rue, Loyal (2005). .Religion Is Not about God: How Spiritual Traditions Nurture Our Biological.^ Dear brothers and sisters: Spiritually united to Our Lady of Sorrows, let us also renew our "yes" to God, who chose the way of the cross to save us.

    ^ He could have said "teaching us history," for the enemy is emboldened by our ignorance not just of where he lives but of how he lives, his beliefs and values, and to understand these traditions we must understand their history.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He was just there to make up things about our religion.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    Rutgers. ISBN 0813539552.
     
  • Serin, Muhittin (1998). Hattat Aziz Efendi. Istanbul. ISBN 9-7576-6303-4, OCLC 51718704. 
  • Sikand, Yoginder (2004). .Muslims in India since 1947: Islamic perspectives on inter-faith relations.^ According to Islamic scholars, reciting the Shahada, the Muslim declaration of faith, makes one a Muslim.

    ^ Dar ul-Ulum, India's biggest Islamic seminary, … said Muslims should not watch television.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Muslims also have a duty to struggle in the cause of Islam, that is, to work towards converting their non-Muslim neighbours to the Islamic faith and their society to an Islamic state.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    London: RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 0-415-31486-0.
     
  • Tabatabae, Sayyid Mohammad Hosayn. .AL-MIZAN:AN EXEGESIS OF THE QUR'AN, translation by S. Saeed Rizvi.^ This can be clearly seen in the Qur'anic exegesis of the phrase "they reach the (age of) marriage" found in Surat al-Nisa' 4; 6.
    • Faith Freedom International :: View topic - Evidence Muhammad was a pedophile 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.faithfreedom.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Tafsir al-Qurtubi: Classical Commentary on the Holy Qur'an , translated by Aisha Bewley, Vol.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    WOFIS. ISBN 9646521142.
     
  • Teed, Peter (1992). .A Dictionary of Twentieth Century History.^ The history of the twentieth century should not be lost in the twenty-first, namely, that some things are worth fighting for.

    .Oxford University Press.^ The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church ; Oxford, Oxford University Press; p 148.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Joseph Schacht, An introduction to Islamic Law, (London: Oxford University Press, 1964), p.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0192116762.
     
  • Turner, Colin (2005). Islam: The Basics. Routledge. ISBN 041534106X. 
  • Watt, W. Montgomery (1961). Muhammad: Prophet and Statesman. .Oxford University Press.^ The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church ; Oxford, Oxford University Press; p 148.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Joseph Schacht, An introduction to Islamic Law, (London: Oxford University Press, 1964), p.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0-19-881078-4.
      (New edition 1974)
  • Watt, W. Montgomery (1956). Muhammad at Medina. .Oxford University Press.^ The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church ; Oxford, Oxford University Press; p 148.
    • Submission to self-appointed leadership; 6: CHRONOLOGY / WEBLOG / BLOG 12 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.multiline.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^