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Muhlenberg County, Kentucky
Map of Kentucky highlighting Muhlenberg County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the U.S. highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Seat Greenville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

479 sq mi (1,241 km²)
475 sq mi (1,230 km²)
5 sq mi (13 km²), 0.98%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

31,839
67/sq mi (26/km²)
Founded 1798
Named for John Peter Muhlenberg (1746–1807), American Revolutionary War general.
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Greenville KY Courthouse.jpg
Muhlenberg County Courthouse in Greenville, Kentucky.
Website www.muhlenbergchamber.org

Muhlenberg County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of 2000, the population was 31,839. The county is named for Peter Muhlenberg. Its county seat is Greenville.

The Central City Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Muhlenberg County. Central City is the largest city in the county with a 2000 Census of 5,893 residents.

Contents

Geography

Muhlenberg County is part of the Western Coal Fields region of Kentucky. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 479 square miles (1,241 km2), of which 475 square miles (1,230 km2) is land and 5 square miles (13 km2) is water.

Geographic features

The two primary geographic features of Muhlenberg County are the Green River and Lake Malone. The northern portion of the county is typically gently rolling hills, river flatlands, and some sizeable Bald Cypress Swamps along Cypress Creek and its tributaries. The southern portion consist of rolling hills with higher relief. Many of the valleys in the southern part of the county are rather deep and in places, rather rugged. This area is also known for many Sandstone Formations and some small Limestone Caves. Of which, only two known Limestone "Caves" are thought to be in the county, both in the far southern region. A number of Faults cross the county at roughly the half-way point between neighboring counties to the north and south. Coal has been, and continues to be, a large natural resource found in the central portion of the county. Most deposits reside deep underground where in the past, the deposits were closer to the surface.

Muhlenberg County's predominate rock type is Sandstone. As one travels south and gets closer to the southern border, one begins to notice Limestone outcropings become more numerous and much closer to the surface. Early attempts at extracting Iron Ore were tried at Old Airdrie on the banks of the Green River and at Buckner Furnace south of Greenville, Kentucky. Both operations were in operation in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Neither of which were succesful in the long run.

Green River

The 300 miles (483 km) long Green River is a tributary of the Ohio River. It provides a commercial outlet for goods (primarily coal) to be shipped from the county to the major trade centers along the Mississippi River. Muhlenberg County and the Green River first entered the popular conscience due to the John Prine song "Paradise," which was popularized by John Denver, about a now-defunct coal-mining town in Muhlenberg County.

Lake Malone

Spanning 788 acres (3.19 km2) near the small town of Dunmor in southern Muhlenberg County, Lake Malone provides a locale for water recreation such as swimming, boating, and fishing. Lake Malone and the surrounding hardwood forest form Lake Malone State Park. Lake Malone is maintained by the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife. The lakes surface extends into two neighboring counties. The lake is known for itsSandstone cliffs and natural Sandstone formations along the lake shore including a Natural Bridge. The bridge itself is not in the boundaries of the State Park.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 20,741
1910 28,598 37.9%
1920 33,353 16.6%
1930 37,784 13.3%
1940 37,554 −0.6%
1950 32,501 −13.5%
1960 27,791 −14.5%
1970 27,537 −0.9%
1980 32,238 17.1%
1990 31,318 −2.9%
2000 31,839 1.7%
Kentucky Census Data 1900-1990

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 31,839 people, 12,357 households, and 9,057 families residing in the county. The population density was 67 per square mile (26 /km2). There were 13,675 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.19% White, 4.65% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,357 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.70% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.60% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,566, and the median income for a family was $33,513. Males had a median income of $29,952 versus $18,485 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,798. About 15.50% of families and 19.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.00% of those under age 18 and 17.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Economy

Muhlenberg County has been a major coal-producing region for many years, and although the use of coal for energy generation has waned in recent years, the coal-mining industry continues to provide a significant number of jobs in the region. Other major employers in Muhlenberg County include:

Chamber of commerce

In January 2006, the chambers of commerce from Central City and Greenville merged to form the Greater Muhlenberg Chamber of Commerce. The new, unified chamber consists of over 155 local businesses.[2]

Incoming industries

Peabody Energy's new Thoroughbred Energy Plant, a coal-burning power generation facility expected to bring 450 permanent jobs to the area, is to be located in Central City.[3] The plant was projected to begin electricity generation sometime in 2007,[4] but a dispute over Peabody's air quality permit has halted construction plans.[5] The power plant plans have now been scraped and instead, a new partnership between Peabody Energy and ConocoPhillips Oil Company called, "Kentucky NewGas" has been formed. Kentucky NewGas is a state-of-the-art energy center that will transform Kentucky coal into clean natural gas, while creating 500 long-term jobs and $100 million in annual economic benefits. The location of this new, large state-of-the-art facility is on the outskirts of Central City close to the Green River. More information about the project can be found on their website: Kentucky NewGas

On April 25, 2006, frozen food company Gourmet Express announced plans to locate a facility in Greenville. The company has renovated the facility vacated by food distribution company SuperValu in 2001, and is in the process of creating up to 200 permanent jobs.[6]

Education

Schools

Public schools in Muhlenberg County are under the purview of the Muhlenberg County Board of Education. They include:

Elementary (K-5)

  • Bremen Elementary School in Bremen
  • Central City Elementary School in Central City
  • Greenville Elementary School in Greenville
  • Longest Elementary School in Powderly
  • Muhlenberg South Elementary School in Belton

Middle (6-8)

  • Muhlenberg North Middle School in Powderly
  • Muhlenberg South Middle School in Greenville

High (9-12)

  • Muhlenberg County High School in Greenville

Postsecondary

The Muhlenberg Campus of Madisonville Community College is located in Central City. The Muhlenberg Career Development Center is located near Greenville.

Libraries

There are two public libraries in Muhlenberg County: Harbin Memorial Library in Greenville and Central City Library in Central City. Both locations provide residents with free access to high speed Internet service. These libraries have been joined together as Muhlenberg County Library, although both locations remain open.

History

There were once eight schools in Muhlenberg County, however in 1990, the school board consolidated the middle and high school students into two middle and two high schools. Bremen High School, Central City High School, Graham High School, and half of Muhlenberg Central High School became Muhlenberg North Middle School and Muhlenberg North High School, while the other half of Muhlenberg Central High School, Drakesboro High School, Hughes-Kirkpatrick High School, Greenville High School, and Lake Malone School (which housed some middle school students) became Muhlenberg South Middle School and Muhlenberg South High School. The eight distinct schools continued to house elementary school students.

In 2004, the school board began consolidating the badly-deteriorating elementary schools, closing Graham Elementary School and transferring students to Longest Elementary School and the expanded Greenville Elementary School, and closing Lake Malone School transferring those students to Hughes-Kirkpatrick Elementary School. Consolidation continued in 2005 with the closure of Drakesboro Elementary School. Students from Drakesboro spent a year at Hughes-Kirkpatrick Elementary School until the opening of the newly-constructed Muhlenberg South Elementary School in 2006 (and subsequent closing of Hughes-Kirkpatrick.)

On February 5, 2008, three communities in Muhlenberg County received major damage during the 2008 Super Tuesday tornado outbreak. These communities were Greenville, Powderly, and Central City. Three residents were killed outside Greenville when the EF-3 tornado struck.

In November 2008 the Muhlenberg County school board announced that both Muhlenberg South High School and Muhlenberg North High School will combine and no longer be the Suns and Stars but will be Muhlenberg County High School home of the Mustangs. The change will take effect June 2009.

Media

  • WMTA AM 1380 Radio established in 1955, Central City
  • WNES AM 1050 Radio established in 1955, Central City
  • Times Argus established in 1909, Central City
  • Leader-News established in Greenville now located in Central City
  • WKYA FM 105.5 radio station in Greenville
  • WQXQ FM 101.9 100,000 watts studios in Central City and Owensboro with tower and transmitter at Pleasant Ridge, Kentucky in Ohio County

Sites and events of interest

Notable natives

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 37°13′N 87°09′W / 37.21°N 87.15°W / 37.21; -87.15


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Muhlenberg County, Kentucky
Map
File:Map of Kentucky highlighting Muhlenberg County.png
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the USA highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1798
Seat Greenville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.98%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

31839
Time zone Central : UTC-6/-5
Website: www.muhlenbergchamber.org
Named for: John Peter Muhlenberg (1746–1807), American Revolutionary War general.

Muhlenberg County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of 2000, the population was 31,839. The county is named for Peter Muhlenberg. Its county seat is Greenville

Contents

Geography

Muhlenberg County is part of the Western Coal Fields region of Kentucky. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,242 km² (479 sq mi). 1,230 km² (475 sq mi) of it is land and 12 km² (5 sq mi) of it (0.98%) is water.

Geographic features

The two primary geographic features of Muhlenberg County are the Green River and Lake Malone.

Green River

The 300-mile-long Green River is a tributary of the Ohio River. It provides a commercial outlet for goods (primarily coal) to be shipped from the county to the major trade centers along the Mississippi River. Muhlenberg County and the Green River will forever be linked in the minds of many by the John Prine song "Paradise" about a (now defunct) coal-mining town in Muhlenberg County.[1]

Lake Malone

Spanning 788 acres near the small town of Dunmor in southern Muhlenberg County, Lake Malone provides a locale for water recreation such as swimming, boating, and fishing. Lake Malone and the surrounding hardwood forest form Lake Malone State Park.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 31,839 people, 12,357 households, and 9,057 families residing in the county. The population density was 26/km² (67/sq mi). There were 13,675 housing units at an average density of 11/km² (29/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 94.19% White, 4.65% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,357 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.70% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.60% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,566, and the median income for a family was $33,513. Males had a median income of $29,952 versus $18,485 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,798. About 15.50% of families and 19.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.00% of those under age 18 and 17.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Economy

Muhlenberg County has been a major coal-producing region for many years, and although the use of coal for energy generation has waned in recent years, the coal-mining industry continues to provide a significant number of jobs in the region. Other major employers in Muhlenberg County include:

Chamber of commerce

In January 2006, the chambers of commerce from Central City and Greenville merged to form the Greater Muhlenberg Chamber of Commerce. The new, unified chamber is comprised of over 155 local businesses.[2]

Incoming industries

Peabody Energy's new Thoroughbred Energy Plant, a coal-burning power generation facility expected to bring 450 permanent jobs to the area, is to be located in Central City.[3] The plant was projected to begin electricity generation sometime in 2007,[4] but a dispute over Peabody's air quality permit has halted construction plans.[5]

On April 25, 2006, frozen food company Gourmet Express announced plans to locate a facility in Greenville. The company will renovate the facility vacated by food distribution company SuperValu in 2001, and is expected to create 200 permanent jobs by 2008.[6]

Education

Schools

Public schools in Muhlenberg County are under the purview of the Muhlenberg County Board of Education. They include:

Elementary (K-5)

Middle (6-8)

High (9-12)

Postsecondary

The Muhlenberg Campus of Madisonville Community College is located in Central City.

Libraries

There are two public libraries in Muhlenberg County: Harbin Memorial Library in Greenville and Central City Library in Central City. Both locations provide residents with free access to high speed Internet service.

History

There were once eight schools in Muhlenberg County, however in 1990, the school board consolidated the middle and high school students into just two middle and two high schools. Bremen High School, Central City High School, Graham High School, and half of Muhlenberg Central High School became Muhlenberg North Middle School and Muhlenberg North High School, while the other half of Muhlenberg Central High School, Drakesboro High School, Hughes-Kirkpatrick High School, Greenville High School, and Lake Malone School (which housed some middle school students) became Muhlenberg South Middle School and Muhlenberg South High School. The eight distinct schools continued to house elementary school students.

In 2004, the school board began consolidating the badly-deteriorating elementary schools, closing Graham Elementary School and transferring students to Longest Elementary School and the expanded Greenville Elementary School, and closing Lake Malone School transferring those students to Hughes-Kirkpatrick Elementary School. Consolidation continued in 2005 with the closure of Drakesboro Elementary School. Students from Drakesboro spent a year at Hughes-Kirkpatrick Elementary School until the opening of the newly-constructed Muhlenberg South Elementary School in 2006 (and subsequent closing of Hughes-Kirkpatrick.)

Media

Sites and events of interest

Muhlenberg County Courthouse

Notable natives

References

  1. ^ Lyrics to "Paradise" by John Prine
  2. ^ Greater Muhlenberg Chamber of Commerce - Message from the President
  3. ^ http://www.peabodyenergy.com/Operations/Thoroughbred.asp
  4. ^ Kentucky Issues Air Permit for Peabody's Thoroughbred Energy Campus
  5. ^ Bruggers, James. "Ruling delays power plant in Western Ky.", The Courier-Journal, 2007-08-08. Retrieved on 2007-08-08. 
  6. ^ Governor Ernie Fletcher Announces Gourmet Express to Locate in Greenville

External links

Coordinates: 37°13′N 87°09′W / 37.21, -87.15

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Muhlenberg County, Kentucky. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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