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Mukesh

Background information
Birth name Mukesh Chand Mathur
Born July 22, 1923(1923-07-22)
Delhi, British India
Died August 27, 1976 (aged 53)
Detroit, Michigan, USA
Genres Playback singing
Occupations singer
Instruments Vocalist
Years active 1940–1976

Mukesh Chand Mathur (Hindi: मुकेश चन्द माथुर) (22 July 1923 – 27 August 1976) was an Indian playback singer of Bollywood. Along with Mohammed Rafi and Kishore Kumar and Manna Dey, he dominated Indian film playback music from the 1950s to the 1970s.[1][2]

Contents

Early life

Born in Delhi, in a small middle class Punjabi family to Zorawar Chand Mathur, an engineer and Chand Rani. He was the sixth in a family of ten children. The music teacher who came home to teach Mukesh's sister Sundar Pyari, found a pupil in Mukesh who would listen from the adjoining room. He had a younger brother Parmeshwari Das. Mukesh left school after the 10th standard and worked briefly for the Delhi Department of Public Works. Mukesh experimented with voice recordings during his employment in Delhi and gradually developed his singing abilities.

Singing career

Mukesh's voice was noticed by Motilal, a distant relative of Mukesh, when he sang at his sister's wedding. Motilal took him to Bombay, let him stay with him and arranged for singing lessons by pandit jagannath prasad for him. During this period, Mukesh managed to bag a role in a Hindi film, Nirdosh (Innocent) (1941). His first song was dil hi bujha hua ho to as an actor singer for Nirdosh. He got his break as a playback singer for Actor Motilal himself in 1945 with the film Pehli Nazar'music by Anil Biswas & Lyrics by Aah Sitapuri' (First Look). The first song he sang for a Hindi film was Dil Jalta Hai to Jalne De (If the heart burns, let it burn), which was incidentally picturised on Motilal.

He was such a big fan of K. L. Saigal that in his early years of playback singing he used to imitate his idol. In fact, it is said that when K. L. Saigal first heard the song Dil Jalta Hai to Jalne De, he said "That's strange, I don't recall singing that song".

He is best known for the songs he sang as a playback singer for Raj Kapoor, a legendary actor/director of Bollywood in the 1950s and 1960s.

In 1974, Mukesh received National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer for the song Kain baar yoon bhi dekhaa hai from Rajnigandha (1974), and Filmfare Awards for the songs Sab Kuch Seekha in the movie Anari (1959), Sabse bada naadan wahi hai in Pehchaan (1970), Jai Bolo in Be Imaan (1972) and Kabhi Kabhie Mere Dil Mein, the title song of Kabhie Kabhie (1976).

Death

Mukesh died of a heart attack on 27 August 1976 in Detroit, Michigan, USA, where he went to perform in a concert. His body was carried back to India by Lata Mangeshkar, where a grand funeral ceremony took place as many famous actors, personalities of the Indian film industry, and fans paid tribute to the late singer. When the news of his death reached Raj Kapoor, he remarked, "I have lost my voice," which is a testimony to the timeless and unforgettable association of Mukesh's voice (in playback) to the immensely popular songs of Raj Kapoor's films.

After Mukesh's death, his newer unreleased songs released in 1977 with films like Dharam Veer, Amar Akbar Anthony, Khel Khiladi Ka, Darinda, and Chandi Sona. The year 1978 also featured a good number of Mukesh songs, films like Aahuti, Paramatma, Tumhari Kasam, and Satyam Shivam Sundaram, where Mukesh sang his last film song "Chanchal Sheetal Nirmal Komal." From 1980 onward, Mukesh's voice was heard in many late released films like Shaitan Mujarim, Premika, Patthar Se Takkar (1980), Sanjh Ki Bela, Maila Anchal (1981), Aarohi (1982), Chor Mandali (1983), Nirlaj (1985), Love and God (1986), Shubh Chintak (1989), and his last known release of Chand Grahan (1997).

Personal life

Mukesh got married in 1946 to Saral Trivedi Raichand alise Bachhiben in a temple in Kandiwali, at the residence of R. D. Mathur. Sarla was the daughter of a Gujarati Brahmin millionaire. With him having no proper house, an erratic income and a supposedly "immoral" profession, Mukesh and Sarla had to elope. Everyone made dire predictions of unhappy days and divorce; but both weathered the lean days and celebrated their thirtieth wedding anniversary on 22 July 1976, five days before his departure for the U.S.A. on 27 July 1976. The couple had five children as Rita, Nitin, Nalini(d. 1978), Mohnish (Taboo - nick name) and Namrata (Amrita). He is the grandfather of actor, Neil Nitin Mukesh.

Awards

Winner

National Film Awards

Filmfare Awards

Winner

Nominated

  • 1961 - Hothon Pe Sacchai song in the film Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai
  • 1964 - Dost Dost Na Raha song in the film Sangam
  • 1967 - Sawan Ka Mahina song in the film Milan
  • 1970 - Bas Yehi Apradh Main Har Baar Karta Hoon song in the film Pehchan
  • 1972 - Ek Pyar Ka Nagma song in the film Shor
  • 1974 - Main Na Bhoolunga song in the film Roti Kapda Aur Makaan
  • 1976 - Main Pal Do Pal Ka Shayar song in the film Kabhie Kabhie
  • 1976 - Ek Din Bik Jayega, Maati Ke Mol song in the film Dharam Karam
  • 1977 - Suhani Chandni Raten song in the film Mukti
  • 1978 - Chanchal Sheetal song in the film Satyam Shivam Sundaram

Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards

Winner

  • 1967 - Best Male Playback Singer for Teesri Kasam [1]
  • 1968 - Best Male Playback Singer for Milan [2]
  • 1970 - Best Male Playback Singer for Saraswatichandra [3]

Filmography

References

  1. ^ Gopal, Sangita; Sujata Moorti (2008). Global Bollywood: Travels of Hindi Song and Dance. University of Minnesota Press. p. 94. ISBN 0816645795. 
  2. ^ Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema by Ashish Rajadhyaksha and Paul Willemen. Oxford University Press, 1994. ISBN 0851704557, page 169.

External links








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