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Multirole combat aircraft: Wikis


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RAF Tornados. The Panavia Tornado is an example of a multi-role combat aircraft, and was the original bearer of that title (its project name)

A multirole (or multi-role) combat aircraft is an aircraft that can be used as both a fighter aircraft and a ground attack aircraft. They are lighter and less powerful than air superiority fighters.

A multirole fighter is differentiated from a strike fighter in that the multirole fighter was designed to equally perform both aerial combat and ground attack, while the strike fighter is typically a fighter aircraft that can also employ air-to-ground munitions.


History of the term

The Su-30MKI a Russian designed multi-role aircraft

Multi-Role Combat Aircraft was the title of a multinational European project in 1968 that became the Panavia Tornado aircraft. During its development, the project had also been briefly called Multi-Role Aircraft (MRA).


Listed below are examples of multirole combat aircraft and the country where they have been developed:

Region Country Aircraft Notes
Europe  United Kingdom,
 West Germany
and  Italy
Panavia Tornado The original aircraft titled "Multi-Role Combat Aircraft" and to have the word "Multi-Role" in its title
 United Kingdom,
 Italy and
Eurofighter Typhoon Described as a highly agile Air Superiority and Air-to-Surface, multi-role/swing-role fighter" by the manufacturers and users.[1][2]
 France Dassault Mirage 2000
Dassault Rafale Alternately described as an "omni-role fighter/fighter-bomber" by the manufacturer
 Sweden SAAB JAS 39 Gripen
 Russia Sukhoi Su-35
Sukhoi Su-30
Mikoyan MiG-35
Mikoyan MiG-29
North America   United States  F-4 Phantom II
F-16 Fighting Falcon The F-16 is multirole fighter used by many members of NATO
F/A-18 Hornet and F/A-18E/F Super Hornet The 'A' in "F/A" explicitly denotes the joint Attack role of the F/A-18 ('F' = Fighter)
F-35 Lightning II
Asia  People's Republic of China  Shenyang J-11
 People's Republic of China  Chengdu J-10
 People's Republic of China  and  Pakistan JF-17 Thunder
 People's Republic of China  Shenyang J-8
 People's Republic of China  Xian JH-7A
 People's Republic of China  Chengdu J-7
 China and  Russia Sukhoi Su-30MKK Used by the PLA Air Force ('K' = Kitayski, China)
 India and  Russia Sukhoi Su-30MKI
 India HAL Tejas

See also


External links



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