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Mumbai Harbour
Mumbai Harbour
Location of Mumbai Harbour
in Mumbai and India
Coordinates 18°58′N 72°51′E / 18.96°N 72.85°E / 18.96; 72.85
Country  India
State Maharashtra
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
The harbour east of the city

Mumbai Harbour(Marathi:मुंबई बंदर), or Front Bay is the southern portion of the Ulhas River estuary, the northern (and narrower) part of which is called Thane Creek. The historical island of Elephanta is one of the six islands that lie in the harbour. It is home to the Mumbai Port Trust, which lies in the south section of the western edge of the harbor.

Front Bay is the official name of the harbour, so named because Bombay started as a tiny settlement facing the harbour. The waterbody behind the original settlement, forming an arc between the [former] islands of Colaba and Bombay island, up to the Malabar Hill promontory or peninsula, was similarly called Back Bay.

Jawaharlal Nehru Port and Navi Mumbai (New Bombay) lie to the east on the mainland, and the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) lies to the west on Salsette Island. The harbour opens to the Arabian Sea to the south. The Gateway of India with its jetty for Elephanta is the most important tourist destination, followed by the INS Vikrant maritime Museum.

The Harbour Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway system runs along the western edge of the harbour.

Contents

Ecology

Mangrove swamps line much of the northwestern and eastern shores of the harbour, and provide a rich habitat for wildlife, including thousands of migrating birds such as flamingoes.

Pollution

Due to immense population pressures from the Mumbai metropolitan region and the extremely busy maritime trade, the Mumbai Harbour is considered to be heavily polluted.

This includes reports of heavy metals flux found in the creeks adjacent to the harbour with the harbour acting as a sink for most of the pollutants.[1]

Mumbai Port Trust

A view of the harbour. The centre of the image is north-west.

Mumbai Port Trust (MbPT) lies midway (Latitude 18° 56.3' N, Longitude 72° 45.9' E) on the West coast of India and has a natural deep-water harbour of 400 km2, protected by mainland of Konkan on its east and the island of Mumbai on its west.[2]

It is located on the western shore of Mumbai Harbour, along the eastern edge of Mumbai city. The harbour opens to the Arabian Sea to the south.

Increasing growth of the city of Mumbai, constrained the growth of the Mumbai Port, leading to the establishment of the JNPT in Navi Mumbai in 1992.

MbPT handled over 57 million tonnes of cargo during 2007-2008. Cruise liners visiting Mumbai usually dock at the Ballard Pier of MbPT.

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History

MbPT was established as the Bombay Port Trust on June 26, 1873.[3] Its first chairman was Col J.A. Ballard.

Ever since, it has been the gateway to India, and was the contributing factor in the emergence of Mumbai as the commercial capital of India.

Facilities

MbPT has three enclosed wet docks:

  • Indira Docks
  • Prince's Docks (built in the year 1885)
  • Victoria Docks (built in the year 1891)

Crude and petroleum products are handled from four jetties at Jawahar Dweep, an island in the Mumbai harbour, and chemicals are handled from Pirpau.

MbPT provies 63 anchorage points. A pilot is mandatory for all vessels of over 100 tonnes net weightage.[4]

References

External links


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