Mumbai Metro: Wikis

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Mumbai Metro
मुंबई मेट्रो
Mumbai metro.png
Info
Locale Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 2 (Phase 1)
Number of stations 12[1]
Daily ridership 513,338 (2011)[1]
Website http://www.mumbaimetro1.com/HTML/index.html
Operation
Began operation 2010 (line 1), under construction
Operator(s) Mumbai Metro One Private Limited (MMOPL)
Train length 4-6 coaches[1]
Technical
System length 146.5 kilometers (91 mi) (planned)[1]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge
Electrification 25 kV, 50 Hz AC through overhead catenary
Average speed 33 km/h (21 mph)[1]
Top speed 80 km/h (50 mph)[1]
Route map

Mumbai metro map2.png

The Mumbai Metro (Marathi: मुंबई मेट्रो) IPA:[ˈmʊm.bəi mɛtɹo], is a rapid transit system being built in Mumbai, the financial capital of India.

In June 2006, Prime Minister of India, Dr Manmohan Singh laid the first stone for the first phase of the Mumbai Metro project, which comprises a three line high-capacity metro system spanning 63km.[2]

Contents

History

Greater Mumbai, the financial capital of India is the heart of commercial and trade activities of the country. Mumbai has always had the distinction and advantage of a high modal share (88%) in favor of a public mass transport system. The role of existing Suburban Rail Services is extremely important in the life of people of Greater Mumbai. The system carries about 6 million passengers every day. The BEST bus system provides feeder services to the many station going passengers, to complete their journey. However, due to the city’s geographical constraints, the road and rail infrastructure development could not keep the pace with the growing demand for last 4-5 decades.[3]

Mumbai currently has an extensive commuter rail system, the Mumbai Suburban Railway. However, it is not built to rapid transit specifications. In May 2003, the original Mumbai rapid-transit plan was updated to include an elevated 10 km LRT system, to be built between Andheri and Ghatkopar via Asalpha, Marol, Chakala and Saki Naka. In January 2004, a master transit plan, including a 146 kilometer metro, was unveiled by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA). The plan integrated a 146 kilometer-long metro system, of which 32 km is underground. In June 2004, government approval was given for a 13-station elevated light rail line between Ghatkopar and Versova. The foundation stone-laying ceremony was held on 21 June 2006. Work on the 11-km Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar corridor, a part of Phase-I, began on 8 February 2008. Construction of the route is expected to be completed in three years.

The project

Phase One will be implemented on a Build-Operate-Transfer basis for the period of 35 years. The phase includes construction of three metro lines. A consortium led by Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group's Reliance Energy Ltd (REL) along with Veiolia Transport Co. together with Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) bagged the contract for the Rs 2,356 crore Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar corridor. Work has already begun on this line, which should be completed within three years by the Mumbai Metro-I consortium. The other corridors in the first phase includes the 38-km Colaba-Mahim-Charkop route and the 14-km Bandra-Kurla-Mankhurd route.

The Initial plan was to build the metro from Colaba-Bandra-Charkop. However for no apparent reason and without consulting their premier consultants Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC). The state government with MMRDA decided to shelve the alignment to Charkop-Bandra-Mankhurd. DMRC MD Mr E. Shreedharan even wrote to the state government about the unusual decision. The only explanation provided by MMRDA is the enormous cost involved as the alignment from Colaba to Mahim is suppose to be underground. This is a bit suspect as the original plan was to have the underground route only between Colaba to Mahalkashmi.

There are rumors of MMRDA suggesting changes in the alignment and shifting columns to avoid removal of shops. There are also allegations that it has failed to provide a clear path of way at various spots to the Reliance Consortium; leading to frequent changes that are rumored to be unhealthy to the plan that was decided, when this project began. Also, at Marol Naka, they are building pillars right around a public utility (a sewer pipeline) without shifting it. Any natural calamity like an earthquake could probably be disastrous for this spot. Also, MMRDA is yet to unveil plans for traffic management, parking lots around metro stations, hawker management, avoiding conflict between pedestrians and traffic on Andheri-Kurla road, one of the busiest roads in Mumbai. The tug of war between BMC and MMRDA and delay in shifting utilities along with poor project management is said to have been causing delays in meeting the self set deadline of 2010 completion. The cost of the project will be shared by the central and state governments.

Plan

Phase I of the Mumbai Metro and interchanges with Mumbai Suburban Railway
Charkop 
Urban head station elevated Continuation backward
 WR Towards Virar / Dahanu
Malad 
Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
 
Kasturi Park 
Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Track turning left Transverse track Transverse track Track turning from right
 
Bangur Nagar 
Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Straight track
 
Oshiwara 
Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Straight track
 
Versova Depot 
Unknown route-map component "uKDSTa" Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Straight track
 Samartha Nagar
Versova 
Urban station on elevated Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Straight track
 Shastri Nagar
DN Nagar 
Unknown route-map component "uSTRlf-ELEV"
Unknown route-map component "uTHSTu" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "uhSTRq" Unknown route-map component "uSTRlg-ELEV" Straight track
 
ESIC Nagar 
Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Straight track
 Azad Nagar
JVPD 
Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Unknown route-map component "uhSTR" Straight track
 
Juhu 
Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV"
Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "KSBHFa" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
 Andheri
 
Track turning from left Transverse track Unknown route-map component "umhKRZ" Transverse track Unknown route-map component "umhKRZ" Track turning right Straight track
 
 
Straight track Track turning from left Unknown route-map component "umhKRZ" Transverse track Unknown route-map component "umhKRZ" Transverse track Track turning right
 
Vile Parle 
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "uSTRlf-ELEV" Unknown route-map component "uhSTRq" Unknown route-map component "uSTRlg-ELEV"
 
Nanavati Hospital 
Straight track Straight track Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV"
 WEH
Aryasamaj Chowk 
Straight track Straight track Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV"
 Chakala
Khar 
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" + Hub
Airport + Hub
Unknown route-map component "UKu" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" + Hub
 Airport Road
National College 
Track turning from left Unknown route-map component "KRZo" Junction to right Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV"
 Marol Naka
Bandra 
Unknown route-map component "utKBHFa" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
End station + Hub
Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV"
 Saki Naka
Mahim 
Urban tunnel stop on track + Hub
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "uSTRlf-ELEV" Unknown route-map component "uhSTRq" Unknown route-map component "uSTRlg-ELEV" Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV"
 Subhash Nagar
Shitla Devi 
Urban tunnel stop on track Straight track Track turning left Transverse track Track turning from right Unknown route-map component "uhSTR" Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV"
 Asalpha
Shivaji Park 
Urban tunnel stop on track Straight track Track turning from left Unknown route-map component "ABZ3rg" Unknown route-map component "KRZo" Track turning from right Unknown route-map component "uhSTR"
Urban end station elevated + Hub
 Ghatkopar
Dadar 
Urban tunnel stop on track + Hub
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
End station + Hub
Straight track Straight track Unknown route-map component "uhSTR" Track turning from left
Unknown route-map component "SBHFq" + Hub
Continuation to left
 CR Towards Kalyan
Siddhi Vinayak 
Urban tunnel stop on track Straight track Straight track Straight track Straight track Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Straight track
 MMRDA
Udyog Bhawan 
Urban tunnel stop on track Straight track Straight track Straight track Straight track Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Straight track
 Income Tax Office
Acharya A Chowk 
Urban tunnel stop on track Straight track Straight track Straight track Straight track Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Straight track
 Bharat Nagar
Worli Hill 
Urban tunnel stop on track Straight track Straight track Straight track Straight track Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Junction to left Track turning from right
 Complex Road
Mahalaxmi 
Urban tunnel stop on track + Hub
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
Track turning left Track turning from right Straight track Straight track
Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
End station + Hub
 Kurla-LTT
Ghadge Chowk 
Urban tunnel stop on track Junction to left Track turning from right Straight track Straight track Track turning left Unknown route-map component "umhKRZ"
Track turning right + Unknown route-map component "HUB26"
 
Mumbai Central 
Urban tunnel stop on track + Hub
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
End station + Hub
Straight track Unknown route-map component "KRWrg" Transverse track Unknown route-map component "umhKRZ"
Unknown route-map component "SBHFq" + Hub
Track turning from right
 
Minerva 
Urban tunnel stop on track Straight track Straight track Straight track Unknown route-map component "uSTRlf-ELEV" Unknown route-map component "uSTRlg-ELEV" Straight track
 
Girgaon 
Urban tunnel stop on track Straight track Straight track Straight track Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Straight track
 SG Barve Marg
WR Towards Churchgate 
Urban tunnel straight track Continuation forward Straight track Straight track Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Straight track
 RC Marg
Chandanwadi 
Urban tunnel stop on track Track turning from left Unknown route-map component "ABZ3rf" Track turning right Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Straight track
 Shivaji Chowk
Phadke Chowk 
Urban tunnel stop on track Track turning from left Unknown route-map component "ABZdf" Track turning from right Unknown route-map component "uHST-ELEV" Straight track
 BSNL
Mumbai CST 
Urban tunnel stop on track + Hub
Unknown route-map component "KSBHFe" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "KSBHFe" + Hub
End station + Hub
Urban station on elevated + Hub
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" + Hub
 Mankhurd
Hutatma Chowk 
Urban tunnel stop on track Urban non-passenger end station Straight track
 Mankhurd Depot
Nariman Point 
Urban tunnel stop on track Straight track
 
Colaba 
Unknown route-map component "utKBHFe" Continuation forward
 CR-Harbour LineTowards Panvel
Key
Station
IR Terminus
Unknown route-map component "SBHF legende"
Suburban Railway Station
Unknown route-map component "UKu"
Road
Straight track
IR & Suburban Railway tracks
Urban tunnel straight track
Underground Line
Unknown route-map component "uhSTR"
Elevated Line

The main objective of the Mumbai Metro is to provide a rail based mass transit connectivity to people within an approach distance of 1 to 2 K.m, to serve the areas not connected by existing Suburban Rail System,to provide proper interchange facilities for connectivity to neighbouring areas like Thane, Navi Mumbai, Vasai–Virar etc. Mumbai Metro is to be built in three phases as shown below -

Phase I (2006 – 2011)

  • Versova - Andheri – Ghatkopar - 11.07 km (Construction started, expected to be complete by 2010)
  • Dahisar (E) - Charkop - Bandra - Mankhurd - 39.2 km
  • Colaba - Bandra - Airport - 30 km

Phase II (2011 – 2016)

  • Ghatkopar – Mulund - 12.4 km

Phase III ( 2016 – 2021)

  • Airport - Kanjur Marg - 9.5 km
  • Andheri(E) - Dahisar(E) - 18 km
  • Hutatma Chowk – Ghatkopar - 21.8 km
  • Sewri – Prabhadevi - 3.5 km

Total Length 146.5 km


Also Planned-

Navi Mumbai Metro[4]

  • Belapur - Mansarovar - 24 km
  • Seawood - Panvel - 19 km
  • Mankhurd - Vashi - Nerul - Ulve - 14 km

Total Length 57 km

Technology

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Rolling stock

Car Layout

RIIL consulted major rolling stock builders to provide the new train fleet for Mumbai Metro. Eventually CSR Nanjing China was chosen as the supplier of rolling stock. Kawasaki, Alstom, Siemens and Bombardier were all in the fray the get the order, having produced vehicles for metro systems around the world but CSR Nanjing was chosen as the builder.[5]

The coaches will feature air-conditioning specifically for passenger comfort, and the aim is to develop trains capable of carrying up to 1,500 passengers in a four-car unit. With the input of the Delhi Metro Corporation and Hong Kong MTR, the new trains are likely to follow similar standards to those already in operation in those cities.

Capacity

Carrying capacity of mass rail vehicles
Driving motor car Non-driving motor car 4 car train 6 car train 8 car train
Normal Crush Normal Crush Crush Crush Crush
Seated 43 43 50 50 136 286 386
Standing 120 239 129 257 992 1506 2020
Total 163 282 179 307 1178 1792 2406
Capacity provided (Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar Line)
2011 2021 2031
Cars per train 4 4 4
Headway (minutes) 5 4 3
PHPDT Capacity Demand 15563 23590 30547
PHPDT Capacity availible 14136 17670 23560
Capacity provided (Charkop-Bandra-Mankhurd Line)
2011 2021 2031
Cars per train 4 6 6
Headway (minutes) 3.5 3.5 3
PHPDT Capacity Demand 26432 36208 42409
PHPDT Capacity availible 20026 30464 35840

Power

The ABB Group was awarded the contract for supplying power systems to Line 1 of the Mumbai Metro. ABB will be responsible for the supply, installation, testing and commissioning of traction electrification, power supply, power distribution and SCADA system for the first metro corridor.[6]

Signaling and Communications

Mumbai Metro will feature the latest signaling technology, including automatic train protection system (ATPS) and automated signaling to control the high-volume of train movements on the 11km line 1. A four-minute interval service is anticipated on the route.[1]

Siemens will supply the signaling systems required for the project, while Thales Group will supply the required communication systems. The signaling and train control systems used for the proposed corridor will be based on LZB 700M technology with high reliability and highest safety standards.[6]

Mumbai Metro One Private Limited

Mumbai Metro One Private Limited is a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 to implement the Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar (VAG) Metro corridor in Mumbai. It is a Joint Venture Company formed by Reliance Energy Limited, a Reliance ADA Group Company, Veolia Transport, France and Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA). Salient features include:

  • First Public Private Partnership in BOOT framework
  • Vital Infrastructure Project Status by State Govt.
  • Provides East to West Connectivity
  • Designed to carry about 6 lakh Commuters per day initially
  • Will reduce travel time from existing 1 Hr 30 Mins to about 21 mins
  • Will reduce vehicular traffic substantially along the corridor
  • World class features and facilities
  • World class quality standards
  • Highest levels of Safety
  • Travel made easy for physically challenged people

See also

References

External links


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