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City of Muncie, Indiana
—  City  —
Muncie downtown from the northwest
Nickname(s): Middletown USA
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 40°11′36″N 85°23′17″W / 40.19333°N 85.38806°W / 40.19333; -85.38806Coordinates: 40°11′36″N 85°23′17″W / 40.19333°N 85.38806°W / 40.19333; -85.38806
Country United States
State Indiana
County Delaware
Township Center
Government
 - Mayor Sharon McShurley (R)
Area
 - Total 24.2 sq mi (62.7 km2)
 - Land 24.2 sq mi (62.6 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 932 ft (284 m)
Population (2006)
 - Total 67,166
 Density 2,788.6/sq mi (1,076.7/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 47302-47308
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-51876[1]
GNIS feature ID 0439878[2]
Website www.cityofmuncie.com

Muncie (pronounced /ˈmʌnsi/) is a city in Center Township, Delaware County in east central Indiana, best known as the home of Ball State University and the birthplace of the Ball Corporation. It is the principal city of the Muncie, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area, which has a population of 118,769. The population within city limits, as of a 2000 Census, was 65,287.[3]

Contents

History

The area was first settled in the 1770s by the Delaware Indians, who had been transported from their tribal lands near the east coast to Ohio and eastern Indiana. They founded several towns along the White River including Munsee Town (according to historical map of "The Indians" by Clark Ray), near the site of present-day Muncie. The tribes were forced to cede their land to the federal government and move farther west in 1818, and in 1820 the area was opened to white settlers. Muncie was one of the considerations for state capital when it was moved from Corydon. It was considered by many to be a suitable location due to its location on the White River. The city of Muncie was incorporated in 1865. Contrary to popular legend, the city is not named after a mythological Chief Munsee, rather it was named after Munsee Town, the white settlers' name for the Indian village on the site, "munsee" meaning a member of the Delaware tribe.

Muncie was lightly disguised as "Middletown" by a team of sociologists, led by Robert and Helen Lynd, who were only the first to conduct a series of studies in Muncie—considered a typical Middle-American community—in their case, a study funded by the Rockefeller Institute of Social and Religious Research.[4] In 1929, the Lynds published Middletown: A Study in Contemporary American Culture. They returned to re-observe the community during the Depression and published Middletown in Transition: A Study in Cultural Conflicts (1937). Later in the century, the National Science Foundation funded a third major study that resulted in two books by Theodore Caplow, Middletown Families (1982) and All Faithful People (1983). Caplow returned in 1998 to begin another study, Middletown IV, which became part of a PBS Documentary entitled "The First Measured Century," released in December 2000. The Ball State Center for Middletown Studies continues to survey and analyze social change in Muncie. An enormous database of the Middletown surveys conducted between 1978 and 1997 is available online from ARDA, American Religion Data Archive. Ironically, a Henry County farming community actually called Middletown, is only a 20-minute drive from Muncie.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1850 606
1860 1,782 194.1%
1870 2,992 67.9%
1880 5,219 74.4%
1890 11,345 117.4%
1900 20,942 84.6%
1910 24,005 14.6%
1920 36,524 52.2%
1930 46,548 27.4%
1940 49,720 6.8%
1950 58,479 17.6%
1960 68,603 17.3%
1970 69,082 0.7%
1980 76,460 10.7%
1990 71,035 −7.1%
2000 67,430 −5.1%
Est. 2006 65,287 [1] −3.2%

As of the 2006 census estimate, there were 65,287 people living in Muncie. As of the 2000 census, there were 27,322 households, and 14,589 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,788.2 people per square mile (1,076.7/km²). There were 30,205 housing units at an average density of 1,248.9/sq mi (482.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.72% White, 12.97% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.44% of the population.

There were 27,322 households out of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.4% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.6% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 24.6% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,613, and the median income for a family was $36,398. Males had a median income of $30,445 versus $21,872 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,814. About 14.3% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.2% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Federally, Muncie is part of Indiana's 6th congressional district, represented by Republican Mike Pence, elected in 2000.

The state's senior member of the United States Senate is Republican Richard Lugar, elected in 1976. The state's junior member of the United States Senate is Democrat Evan Bayh, elected in 1998. The Governor of Indiana is Republican Mitch Daniels, elected in 2004.

Economy

Since the late 19th century, Muncie’s economic backbone had been the in the industrial sector, primarily in manufacturing. Drawn to the region during the Indiana Gas Boom of the 1880s, many factories sprang up in the area that relied on the combustible natural resource. The Ball Brothers moved their glass factory from Buffalo to Muncie, beginning glass production there on March 1, 1888.[5] Notable factories that employed a sizable amount of the population include Delco Remy, Westinghouse (later ABB), Indiana Steel and Wire, General Motors (New Venture Gear), Warner Gear (later BorgWarner), Broderick Co. Inc., Dayton-Walter, and Ball Corporation. However, most of these factories closed during a tumultuous period for the city from the late 1980s and late 1990s. As of 2006, the only aforementioned factory/corporation still in business was BorgWarner Inc. which closed in the month of April, 2009. However, smaller, non-unionized manufacturing businesses have survived this transition such as Maxon Corporation, Duffy Tool, Reber Machine & Tool, and a dozen or so other shops that employ anywhere from a few dozen to a couple of hundred workers.

Ball Memorial Hospital Complex

Like many mid-sized cities in the Rust Belt, Muncie has had to economically reinvent itself due to the collective fall of the manufacturing industry in the latter part of the 20th century. Muncie’s current economic backbone is in health care, education, retail, and other service industries. The largest employers in Muncie are Ball Memorial Hospital/Cardinal Health Services, Ball State University, Muncie Community Schools, The City of Muncie, Sallie Mae, Wal-mart, and The Youth Opportunity Center. The local economy is one of the most controversial topics for Muncie residents, and the city has at times struggled to find cohesion between older unemployed/underemployed Muncie residents who strongly identify with the manufacturing oriented history of the city, and newer residents who identify with the city's shift to service industries. Muncie is clearly in a state of economic and social transition, but has experienced moderate economic growth[citation needed] in recent years despite a continued population decline.

References in Pop Culture

In the 2010 movie Valentine's Day by Garry Marshall, the character "Jason" played by Topher Grace states to be from Muncie, Indiana[6].

Norville Barnes (played by Tim Robbins), the lead character in the 1994 movie The Hudsucker Proxy is from Muncie, Indiana.

The 1986 movie Hoosiers by David Anspaugh about a small-town Indiana high school basketball team that wins the state championship was based on the 1954 Milan High School basketball team that beat the Muncie Central High School team from Muncie.

The comic book Knights of the Dinner Table is set in a fictionalized version of Muncie, and many characters are current or former Ball State University students.

Education

Bell tower on the campus of Ball State.
Muncie City Hall, 2005.
The former C&O depot, restored and now used as the office for the adjacent bicycle trail.
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Elementary schools

  • Burris Laboratory School
  • Garfield Elementary (closed at end of 2008-2009 School Year)
  • South View Elementary
  • Grissom Elementary
  • Storer Elementary
  • Longfellow Elementary
  • Sutton Elementary
  • Mitchell Elementary
  • North View Elementary
  • West View Elementary
  • Heritage Hall Christian School
  • Hoosier Academy Muncie
  • St. Lawrence Elementry School

Middle schools

High schools

For other Delaware County high schools, click here.

Colleges and universities

Notable natives & residents

See also Category:People from Muncie, Indiana.

General

Arts

  • Ray Boltz - Contemporary Christian musical artist [10]
  • Everett Bradley[11] - Musician (solo, w/Bon Jovi, David Bowie), actor[citation needed]
  • Angelin Chang, GRAMMY®-award winning classical pianist
  • Trevor Chowning - Pop artist and former Hollywood talent agent/producer
  • Mary Jane Croft - Actress; appeared in The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, I Love Lucy as "Betty Ramsey", and The Lucy Show and Here's Lucy as Mary Jane Lewis [12]
  • Jim Davis - cartoonist, creator of the Garfield comic strip, which has become popular since its debut in June 1978.[13] Attended Ball State.[14]
  • Kemper Harreld, African-American concert violinist and founder of the Morehouse College Glee Club.
  • Emily Kimbrough - Noted author and magazine editor. Author of Our Hearts Were Young and Gay and How Dear to My Heart a recount of her childhood in Muncie.[15]
  • Tom K. Ryan, cartoonist, drew Tumbleweeds (comic strip); Jim Davis (Garfield) was one-time assistant[16]
  • Whitney Spurgeon -- Actor (Eight Men Out, commercials, theater)[citation needed]
  • Carl Storie, musician famous for song "Dancin' Shoes"[17]
  • Doug Jones -- Actor; appeared in such movies as Hellboy, Pan's Labyrinth, Hocus Pocus, Fantastic 4: Rise of the Silver Surfer, and My Name is Jerry. Attended and graduated from Ball State University; performed as school mascot Charlie Cardinal.[18]

Sports

See also

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Muncie article)

From Wikitravel

Contents

Muncie is a city in the east of Central Indiana.

Get around

Muncie Indiana Transit System

Website: www.mitsbus.org Phone: (765)289-MITS (6487)

Bus Service

MITS provides traditional fixed route bus transportation within the Muncie city limits. Fifteen routes provide service to most shopping, medical, employment, residential, recreational, and governmental locations. Buses operate Monday through Saturday on all but six holidays.

MITSPlus

To accommodate the needs of those in the community who are unable to use MITS traditional fixed route bus service because of a disability, MITS provides door-to-door service called MITSPlus. MITSPlus picks up people at their doors and delivers them to the door of their destinations. An advance reservation is required and customers must be certified as needing the service. MITSPlus provides service Monday through Friday, from 6:00 a.m. until 9:00 p.m., and Saturday, from 7:45 a.m. to 6:15 p.m.

  • Appeal to the Great Spirit statue, at the corner of Walnut Street and Granville Avenue (near Central High School), [1].  edit
  • Beneficence statue, just off University Avenue on the Ball State University campus, [2].  edit
  • Ball State University Museum of Art, [3].  edit
  • Christy Woods, (southwest corner of the Ball State University campus), [4]. Arboretum and botanical garden, including the Wheeler Orchid Collection and Species Bank (see below).  edit
  • Cincinnati, Richmond & Muncie Depot, 700 E. Wysor St., [5]. Restored train station. On display inside are photos and artifacts from the region's railroad history as well as photographs of the surrounding communities.  edit
  • Wheeler Orchid Collection and Species Bank, (in Christy Woods (see above)), [6]. M-F 7:30AM-4:30PM. The Collection includes over 1,200 plants.  edit
  • Downtown Muncie (Downtown Muncie), Walnut Street, [7]. Downtown Muncie is an arts and culture district in the heart of the city. The charm of Muncie's historic downtown is in our unique places to shop like F.B. Fogg and Cassella's Kitchen, locally favorite restaurants like Vera Mae's Bistro and White River Landing, six art galleries and four museums. From popular events like Rib Fest and Muncie Gras, to the Free Friday Night Movies for kids in the summer, there is something for everyone in Downtown Muncie, Indiana!  edit
  • Cardinal Greenway, [8]. The longest rails-to-trails project in Indiana.  edit
  • Jack's Camera Shop, 300 E. Main St, 765-282-0204, [9]. 9-5:30 m-s. Great camera shop specializing in new and used cameras. Full service photo lab on site.  edit
  • Heorot Pub and Draught House, 219 S Walnut St, (765) 287-0173, [10]. 11:00 am to 3 am.  edit
  • Best Western Muncie, 3011 W Bethel Avenue, +1 765 282-6600, Fax: +1 765 282-0377, [11].
  • Comfort Inn & Suites, 3400 N. Marleon Dr. (Left @ IHOP, Left @ First stop sign; hotel is on left), 765/587-0294, [12]. checkin: 14:00; checkout: 12:00. Opened August 1, 2008. 100% Non-smoking, indoor pool, fitness center, microfridges in all rooms, free Internet 87.95.  edit
  • Fairfield Inn Muncie, 4011 W Bethel, +1 765 282-6666, Fax: +1 765 282-6666, [13].
  • Holiday Inn Express Hotel & Suites, 4201 W Bethel Pike, +1 765 289-4678, [14].
Routes through Muncie
Fort WayneMarion  N noframe S  AndersonIndianapolis
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