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Munich Franz Josef Strauss Airport
Flughafen München-Franz Josef Strauß
Vorfeld Terminal 1 I.JPG
IATA: MUCICAO: EDDM
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator Flughafen München GmbH
Serves Munich, Germany
Location near Freising
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 1,487 ft / 453 m
Coordinates 48°21′14″N 011°47′10″E / 48.35389°N 11.78611°E / 48.35389; 11.78611 (Munich Airport)Coordinates: 48°21′14″N 011°47′10″E / 48.35389°N 11.78611°E / 48.35389; 11.78611 (Munich Airport)
Website www.munich-airport.de
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08R/26L 4,000 13,123 Concrete
08L/26R 4,000 13,123 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H 30 98 Concrete
Source: German AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]

Munich Franz Josef Strauss Airport (IATA: MUCICAO: EDDM) (German: Flughafen München-Franz Josef Strauß), is located 28.5 km (17.7 mi) northeast[1] of Munich, Germany, and is a hub for Lufthansa and Star Alliance partner airlines. It lies in direct proximity to the old city of Freising and is named in memory of politician Franz Josef Strauss. The airport is located on the territory of three different municipalities: Oberding (location of the terminals; district of Erding), Hallbergmoos and Marzling (district of Freising).

Munich Airport is the second busiest airport in Germany in terms of passenger traffic (34.73 million in 2008), behind Frankfurt Airport while it is the world's 14th busiest airport in terms of international passenger traffic, behind Kuala Lumpur International Airport and the 27th busiest airport in the world. In 2009, it was named the 2nd Best Airport in Europe and fifth-best in the world by Skytrax, the air transport research company.[2]

Contents

History

The airport commenced operation on 17 May 1992, when operations moved from the former site at Munich-Riem, which was closed down shortly before midnight on the day before. When its construction was started in 1980 a village named Franzheim had to be demolished, its 500 inhabitants having been resettled in other places in the area.

As Lufthansa's home base at Frankfurt Airport is heavily saturated with traffic and has capacity limits, cities with large frequencies are served through Munich as well as Frankfurt. The airport was named after Franz Josef Strauß, who played an important role in German politics. Among other Strauß was a long-time First Minister (Governor) of Bavaria (the state where the airport is located). Under his government, the airport was planned. Strauß, having been a private pilot himself, was said to have a particular interest in the aviation industry and infrastructure.

Naming the airport by its full name is quite uncommon, even the airport authority is only named "Flughafen München Gesellschaft". In the Munich area, most people prefer the term "Flughafen München" (Munich Airport), sometimes "Flughafen München II" or simply MUC. The company operating the airport brands it as "M - Flughafen München".

In June 2003, Terminal 2 was finished, housing Star Alliance partners exclusively.

Due to the rapid increase in traffic, a third runway is now being planned. As always with such a project, there is considerable opposition from the nearby residents, and lawsuits against the runway have already been announced.

Munich Airport

Terminals and Facilities

Map of Munich Airport

Most of the airport's facilities are located in the area between the two runways. The approach road and railway divide the west part into a southern half, which contains cargo and maintenance facilities, and a northern half, which contains mostly administrative buildings, a holiday long-term parking lot and the Visitors' Centre. It is followed by the west apron and Terminal 1, then the Munich Airport Center (MAC), Terminal 2 and the east apron.

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Terminal 1

Terminal 1, Module B

Terminal 1 is the older terminal and commenced operation when the airport was opened on 17 May 1992. It has a total capacity of 25 m passengers per annum and is subdivided into five Modules designated with capital letters A, B, C, D and E. Modules A through D provide all facilities necessary to handle departures and arrivals, including landside drive-by lanes and parking, whereas module E is only equipped to handle arrivals. This design essentially makes each module a self-contained sub-terminal of its own, which is small and comfortable despite the total size of the terminal. Hall F is separate, located near Terminal 2 and handles flights with increased security requirements, i.e. those to Israel. Further, checkin for some flights departing from Terminal 1 is located in the Central Area Z (German: Zentralbereich).

The 1,081 m pier features 21 jet bridges, two of which have been rebuilt into waiting halls for bus transfers. There are further 60 waiting positions on the apron, some of which are equipped with specially-designed apron jet bridges (German: Vorfeldfluggastbrücken), to which passengers are brought by bus. This unique concept allows passengers to board with full protection from the weather but without the high investments required for full satellite terminals connected through a passenger transport system.

Terminal 1 currently handles all flights from airlines that are not members of Star Alliance. However, due to lack of capacity at Terminal 2, Lufthansa subsidiary Germanwings and affiliate Condor moved back to Terminal 1, Module D. Further, Hall F handles flights to Israel from all airlines.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2, check-in area
Lufthansa and Air Canada aircraft at Terminal 2 - both are members of Star Alliance

Terminal 2 commenced operation on 29 June 2003. As Terminal 1, it has a design capacity of 25 m passengers per annum. However, having been designed as a hub terminal for Lufthansa and Star Alliance members, it is not divided into modules. Instead, all facilities are arranged around a central Plaza.

Due to security regulations imposed by the European Union, the terminal has been equipped with facilities to handle passengers from countries considered insecure, i.e. not implementing the same regulations. This required the construction of a new level as, unlike other airports, the terminal does not have separate areas for arriving and departing passengers. The new level 06 opened on January 15, 2009.

The pier, which is 980 m long, is equipped with 24 jet bridges. As the total number of waiting positions of 75 on the East Apron is not always sufficient, Terminal 2 sometimes also uses waiting positions on the West Apron, to which passengers are carried by airside buses.

Terminal 2 has two main departure level, 04 and 05 and additional Bus gates on the lower level 03. Gates on level 05 (H) are designated Non-Schengen Gates. Until the new level 06 opened the northernmost gates were behind an additional security checkpoint for departures to the USA most of the day. The lower level 04 (G) contains Schengen gates. The bus gates on level 03, also designated G, are Schengen gates, too.

The terminal is operated by Terminal-2-Betriebsgesellschaft (German for Terminal 2 Operating Company), which is owned by Flughafen München GmbH (60 %) and Lufthansa (40 %). This makes Terminal 2 the first terminal in Germany which is co-operated by an airline.

There is a baggage sorting hall on the apron, which is planned to be extended into a satellite terminal for Terminal 2.

Munich Airport Centre (MAC)

Munich Airport Centre

The Munich Airport Centre (MAC) is a shopping, business and recreation area that connects the two terminals. The older Central Area (German: Zentralbereich), which was originally built as part of Terminal 1, hosts an underground shopping mall and the S-Bahn station. The newer MAC Forum built with Terminal 2 is a large outdoor area with a tent-like, partly transparent roof. Next to it is the airport hotel managed by Kempinski.

Visitor Viewing Facilities

The airport authorities have set out to cater for visitors and sight-seers by creating a 'Visitors Park' which includes a 'Visitors Hill' from which a good view can be obtained of the westerly aircraft apron and Terminal 1. This is served by a railway station named 'Besucherpark'. The view from the hill is shown in the above image. There are three historic aircraft on display in the park, a Super Constellation, a Douglas DC-3 and a Junkers Ju 52/3m. There is also a visitors viewing terrace on the roof of Terminal 2 that gives a view of the easterly aircraft apron.

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations Terminal / Check-in
Adria Airways Ljubljana 2-4
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki 2-4
Aer Lingus Belfast-International [ends 27 March], Cork, Dublin 1-D
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 1-C
AirBaltic Riga, Vilnius 1-C
Air Berlin Alicante, Antalya [seasonal], Arbil, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi [seasonal], Bari, Berlin-Tegel, Brindisi, Cagliari, Cairo, Cancun, Cape Town [seasonal], Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Constanta [begins 18 May], Corfu [seasonal], Djerba [seasonal], Dubrovnik [begins 2 May, seasonal], Düsseldorf, Faro [seasonal], Fuerteventura [seasonal], Funchal, Hamburg, Hanover, Heraklion [seasonal], Hurghada, Ibiza [seasonal], Karpathos [seasonal], Kavala [seasonal], Kefalonia [begins 12 May, seasonal], Kos [seasonal], Lamezia Terme [seasonal], Las Palmas de Gran Canaria [seasonal], Luxor [seasonal, ends 29 April], Malaga, Malé, Minorca [seasonal], Mombasa, Monastir [seasonal], Moscow-Domodedovo, Münster/Osnabrück, Mykonos [seasonal], Mytilene/Lesbos [seasonal], Naples [begins 29 March, seasonal], Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Phuket, Preveza [seasonal], Pristina, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Reykjavik-Keflavik [seasonal], Rhodes [seasonal], Samos [seasonal], Sharm el-Sheikh [ends 25 April], Sulaimaniyah, Tel Aviv [begins 29 March], Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki, Varadero [seasonal], Westerland/Sylt [seasonal], Windhoek, Zakynthos [seasonal] 1-A
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson 2-3
Air China Beijing-Capital 2-3
Air Dolomiti Rimini 2-4
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1-D
Air France operated by Brit Air Lyon 1-D
Air France operated by Régional Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1-D
Air Malta Catania, Malta 2-4
Air Mauritius Mauritius 1-D
Air Transat Calgary [seasonal], Toronto-Pearson [seasonal], Vancouver [seasonal] 1-Z
Alitalia operated by Air One Rome-Fiumicino 1-D
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Narita [begins 1 July][3] 2-3
Arkia Israel Airlines Tel Aviv 1-F
Atlas Blue Marrakech [begins 4 April] 1-C
Austrian Airlines Vienna 2-4
Austrian operated by Tyrolean Airways Vienna 2-4
Bmibaby Cardiff [begins 31 October], East Midlands [begins 17 September] 1-D
British Airways London-Heathrow 1-B
Bulgarian Air Charter Burgas [seasonal], Varna [seasonal] 1-Z
Carpatair Timisoara 1-C
Central Connect Airlines Ostrava [ends 26 March] 1-D
Cimber Sterling Billund 2-4
Condor Flugdienst Agadir, Antalya [ends 31 October], Burgas [begins 25 May], Chania [seasonal], Corfu [begins 15 May, seasonal], Dalaman [seasonal], Djerba [begins 29 March, seasonal], Fuerteventura, Funchal, Heraklion [seasonal], Hurghada, Ibiza [seasonal], Jerez de la Frontera [ends 29 October], Kos [begins 3 May, seasonal], Lanzarote, Larnaca, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Luxor [ends 29 April], Málaga, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca [ends 31 October], Paphos, Rhodes [seasonal], Santa Cruz de la Palma, Santorini [seasonal], Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South 1-B
Continental Airlines Newark [begins 28 March] 2-3
Cirrus Airlines Berne, Erfurt 2-4
Croatia Airlines Split, Zagreb 2-4
Czech Airlines Prague 1-C
Delta Air Lines Atlanta 1-B
EasyJet Edinburgh, London-Gatwick, London-Stansted, Manchester 1-D
EgyptAir Cairo 2-4
El Al Tel Aviv 1-F
Emirates Dubai 1-C
Estonian Air Tallinn [ends 30 March] 1-D
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 1-C
Eurocypria Airlines Larnaca, Paphos 1-C
Finnair Helsinki 1-D
Germania Damascus 1-C
Germanwings Berlin-Schönefeld, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund 1-D
Hamburg International Adana, Aktobe [resumes 17 June], Ankara, Boa Vista, Kayseri, Kostanay [resumes 14 June], Pristina, Sulaymaniyah 1-B
Iberia Airlines Madrid 1-D
Icelandair Reykjavik-Keflavik [seasonal] 1-D
InterSky Elba [seasonal] 1-D
KLM Amsterdam 1-D
KLM operated by KLM Cityhopper Amsterdam 1-D
Kuban Airlines Sochi [begins 4 June] 1-C
LOT Polish Airlines Gdansk, Katowice, Warsaw 2-4
LOT operated by Eurolot Poznan, Wroclaw 2-4
Lufthansa Ankara, Athens, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Birmingham, Boston, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest-Henri Coanda, Budapest, Busan, Catania, Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Chişinău [begins 1 July], Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Delhi, Düsseldorf, Dubai, Faro [resumes 27 March], Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Istanbul-Atatürk, Izmir, Kiev-Boryspil, Larnaca [resumes 26 March], Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Miami [resumes 29 March], Montréal-Trudeau [seasonal], Moscow-Domodedovo, Mumbai, Münster/Osnabrück, Naples [seasonal], New York-JFK, Newark, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino, St Petersburg, San Francisco, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Sofia, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tallinn [begins 26 March], Tbilisi, Tel Aviv [seasonal], Tokyo-Narita, Vienna, Warsaw, Washington-Dulles [seasonal], Zürich 2-4
Lufthansa operated by PrivatAir Cairo, Tashkent [begins 28 March], Tel Aviv [seasonal] 2-4
Lufthansa Regional operated by Air Dolomiti Ancona, Bologna, Florence, Genoa, Klagenfurt, Linz, Milan-Malpensa, Naples [seasonal], Pisa, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Trieste, Turin, Venice-Marco Polo, Verona, Wroclaw 2-4
Lufthansa Regional operated by Augsburg Airways Basel/Mulhouse, Bremen, Budapest, Dresden, Florence, Geneva, Graz, Hannover, Leipzig, Linz, Nice, Nuremberg, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Poznan, Prague, Stuttgart, Turin, Vienna, Warsaw, Wroclaw 2-4
Lufthansa Regional operated by Contact Air Nuremberg, Stuttgart 2-4
Lufthansa Regional operated by Lufthansa CityLine Amsterdam, Bari [begins 28 March], Basel/Mulhouse, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest-Henri Coanda, Budapest, Chişinău [begins 28 April], Cluj-Napoca, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Donetsk, Dresden, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Gdansk, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hanover, Krakow, Leipzig/Halle, London-City, Lyons, Lvov, Manchester, Marseilles, Milan-Malpensa, Münster/Osnabrück, Nice, Olbia [seasonal], Oslo-Gardermoen, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Sarajevo, Sibiu, Sofia, Split, Stockholm-Arlanda, Timisoara, Tirana, Toulouse, Vienna, Westerland/Sylt, Zadar [begins 27 March; seasonal], Zagreb, Zürich 2-4
Luxair Luxembourg, Saarbrücken 2-4
Niki Vienna 1-A
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda [begins 7 May] 1-D
Oman Air Muscat 1-C
Pegasus Airlines Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 1-C
Pegasus operated by IZair Izmir 1-C
Polet Airlines Voronezh 1-C
Qatar Airways Doha 2-3
Rossiya St Petersburg 1-C
Royal Jordanian Amman 1-B
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo 1-C
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda 2-4
Singapore Airlines Manchester [begins 28 March], Singapore [begins 28 March] 2-4
Sky Airlines Antalya 1-C
South African Airways Johannesburg 2-3
Spanair Barcelona 2-4
Sun d'Or International Airlines Tel Aviv 1-F
SunExpress Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir 1-C
Swiss International Air Lines operated by Swiss European Air Lines Zürich 2-4
TAP Portugal Lisbon 2-4
TAROM Bucharest-Henri Coanda, Sibiu 1-C
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 2-3
TUIfly Antalya [seasonal], Araxos/Patras [seasonal], Boa Vista, Corfu [seasonal], Dalaman [seasonal], Faro, Fuerteventura, Heraklion [seasonal], Hurghada, Jerez de la Frontera [seasonal], Kalamata [begins 4 May], Kos [seasonal], Lanzarote, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Luxor [ends 29 April], Marsa Alam, Minorca [seasonal], Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes [seasonal], Sal, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South 1-Z
TUIfly Tel Aviv [ends 27 March] 1-F
Tunisair Monastir, Tunis, Djerba 1-B
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Atatürk 2-3
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Washington-Dulles 2-3
US Airways Philadelphia 2-3
UTair Aviation Tyumen 1-C

Cargo airlines

Airlines Destinations
BAE Systems Warton
BinAir
British Airways World Cargo operated by Global Supply Systems Bahrain, Delhi, Hong Kong, London-Stansted
DHL operated by European Air Transport Leipzig/Halle
FedEx Express Frankfurt, Tel Aviv
Star Air (Maersk Air) Athens, Cologne/Bonn
TNT Airways Brussels, Geneva, Katowice, Liège, Ljubljana, Ostrava
West Air Sweden Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Stuttgart

Access

Railway

Munich Airport S-Bahn service
Unknown route-map component "exSTRrg" Unknown route-map component "exSTRlg"
Unknown route-map component "KSBHFxa" Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
Munich Airport
Continuation backward Unknown route-map component "SHST" Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
Besucherpark
Unknown route-map component "S+BHF" Straight track Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
Freising
Abbreviated in this map Straight track Unknown route-map component "KSBHFxa"
Erding
Junction from left Junction to right Unknown route-map component "S+BHF"
Markt Schwaben
Unknown route-map component "S+BHF" Abbreviated in this map Abbreviated in this map
Neufahrn
Abbreviated in this map Junction from left Track turning right
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "S+BHF"
Munich East
Abbreviated in this map Abbreviated in this map
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "SHST"
Marienplatz City Centre
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "SHST"
Karlsplatz (Stachus)
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "S+BHF"
Munich Central
Abbreviated in this map Abbreviated in this map
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "SBHF"
Laim
Track turning left Junction to right
Unknown route-map component "S+BHF"
Munich Pasing
Continuation forward

Munich Airport is connected to the city by Munich suburban railway lines S1 and S8. The ride takes approximately 45 minutes.

Munich Airport Station is located in a tunnel beneath the central area. A second station, Besucherpark (German: Visitors' Park) connects the cargo and maintenance areas, long-term parking, administrative buildings and the name-giving Visitors' Park.

A second tunnel beneath the terminals is currently unused. Originally, there were plans to use it for inter-city railway, then for a Transrapid maglev train making the trip to Munich Central Station in 10 minutes. However, this project was cancelled in March 2008 due to cost escalation.[4]

Preceding station   S-Bahn-Logo.svg Munich S-Bahn   Following station
München Flughafen Besucherpark
toward Freising or Airport
S1 Terminus
München Flughafen Besucherpark
toward Geltendorf
S8 Terminus

Bus

MVV bus lines connect the airport to the nearby city of Freising as well as Erding and Markt Schwaben.

Lufthansa Airport Bus provides an alternative to the S-Bahn, stopping at Nordfriedhof subway station and Munich Central Station.

Road

Motorways around Munich

Munich Airport is accessible via nearby Motorway A 92, which connects to Motorway A 9 and Munich's ring motorway A 99

Bavarian State Road St. 2584 connects A 92's exit 6 (Flughafen München) - an incomplete interchange that can only be used by traffic to and from the west - to the terminals. Access from the east is possible via exit 8 (Freising Ost) and Bavarian State Road St. 2580, which connects to St. 2584 in the east of the airport.

Future plans

Third runway

A third runway would increase the number of landing slots available per hour from 90 to 120. It would run in parallel to the existing runways and be located to the northeast of the current north runway, significantly extending the total area occupied by the airport.

According to Flughafen München GmbH (FMG), the airport's operator, the current two-runway system is already operating at full capacity during peak hours, request for slots from airlines already had to be denied. Further increase in air traffic is expected as Munich is to become a second major hub in Germany after Frankfurt.

In August 2007, the airport operator applied for a planning permission from the government of Upper Bavaria. As more than 60,000 objections have been filed during public display of the plans, the procedures are expected not to conclude before 2010.

While according to ICAO Regulations (Annex XIV) the new runway would have to be named 08L/26R (renaming the existing north runway to 08C/26C), it is currently assigned the working title 09/27 in all plans.[5]

Terminal 2 extension

An extension to Terminal 2 would see the baggage sorting hall on the east apron be upgraded into a satellite terminal allowing 17 m additional passengers to be handled per year.

While Terminal 1 still has plenty of capacity left - in 2007, it only handled about 9 m passengers - the extension to Terminal 2 is required by Lufthansa and its Star Alliance partners to allow easy transfers within a single terminal. When Terminal 2 and its east apron were built, preparations for a satellite terminal had already been made. Besides the baggage transport tunnel, there are three more tunnels beneath Terminal 2's apron that can receive a people mover and extensions to the current S-Bahn rail tunnel and unused inter-city rail tunnel respectively. The preparations also allow construction of a second satellite or an independent third terminal further to the east.

References

External links


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