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Municipalities of Brazil by State
Brazil

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The municipalities of Brazil are administrative divisions of the states of Brazil. At present, Brazil has 5,564 municipalities, making the average municipality population 34,361. The average state in Brazil has 214 municipalities. Each municipality has an autonomous local government, comprising a mayor and a legislative body elected directly by their people, that collects taxes and also receives funds from the State and Union government.[1] However, municipal governments have no judicial power, and courts are only organised at the State or Union level. A subdivision of the State judiciary, or comarca, can either correspond to an individual municipality or encompass several municipalities.

Municipalities can be split or merged to form new municipalities within the borders of the State, if the people of the involved municpalities express a desire to do so in a plebiscite.[1] However, these must abide by the Federal Constitution, and forming exclaves or seceding from the State or Union is expressly forbidden.[1]

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References

  1. ^ a b c "Brazilian Federal Constitution" (in Portuguese). Presidency of the Republic. 1988. http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/Constituicao/Constituiçao.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-03.  "Brazilian Federal Constitution". v-brazil.com. 2007. http://www.v-brazil.com/government/laws/titleI.html. Retrieved 2008-06-03. "Unofficial translation"  

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