|City of Murrieta|
|— City —|
Location in Riverside County and the state of California
|- City Council||Mayor Kelly Bennett
|- City Manager||Rick Dudley|
|- Treasurer / Finance Director||Suzanne Wellcome|
|- City Clerk||Kay Vinson|
|- Total||28.4 sq mi (73.6 km2)|
|- Land||28.4 sq mi (73.5 km2)|
|- Water||0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||1,096 ft (334 m)|
|- Density||3,527.2/sq mi (1,362.9/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|- Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1667919|
Murrieta is a city in southwestern Riverside County, California, United States. The population was 44,282 at the 2000 census. Population was estimated to be 100,173 in 2008, making it one of the fastest growing cities in the state. Largely residential in character, Murrieta is considered a bedroom community, with large numbers of its residents commuting to jobs in San Diego and Orange counties, the more industrialized neighboring city of Temecula to the south, and to Camp Pendleton.
Murrieta should not be confused with Rancho Murieta, which is an unincorporated community in northern California, near Sacramento. Nor should its founder be confused with Joaquin Murrieta the bandit of Southern California.
For most of its history, Murrieta was not heavily populated. Its gently rolling hills dotted with native trees, such as the now-threatened Engelmann Oak, encouraged a Spaniard named Esequial Murrieta to purchase the Rancho Pauba and Rancho Temecula Mexican land grants, comprising 52,000 acres (210 km2) in the area, intending to bring his sheep raising business to California. Instead, he returned to Spain and turned the land over to his younger brother, Juan Murrieta (1844–1936), who brought 100,000 sheep to the valley in 1873. Using the ample meadows to feed his sheep.
Others discovered the beauty of the valley after the construction of a depot in 1882 that connected Murrieta to the Southern California Railroad's transcontinental route. By 1890 some 800 people lived in Murrieta. Many are believed to be ghosts living in the Old Mill.
It is said that Juan Murrieta used the natural hot springs to bathe his sheep; eventually the hot springs became a focal point for the town. Murrieta residents capitalized on the springs by developing them into the Murrieta Hot Springs Resort, which attracted visitors from all over the country. Today much of the site (about 50 acres) is home to a Bible college and conference center, owned by Calvary Chapel Costa Mesa, which has invested millions of dollars into restoring and rebuilding the old resort rooms.
When the trains stopped in 1935, tourists - the lifeblood of the town - were much harder to come by. The boom that Murrieta had experienced due to the train and the hot springs gradually died, leaving Murrieta as a small country town.
Although US 395 did pass through Murrieta, it wasn't until Interstate 15 was built in the early 1980s that another boom began to take hold. By the late 1980s, suburban neighborhoods were being constructed and people migrated to the Murrieta area from San Diego, Riverside, and Orange Counties and the population grew rapidly.
In 1990, residents began a campaign for cityhood that resulted in the establishing of the City of Murrieta on July 1, 1991. By then the population had ballooned from 2,200 in 1980 to 24,000.
Between 1991 and 2007, the city's population skyrocketed to an estimated 97,257. And is currently listed at 100,071.
Murrieta is located at .(33.569566, -117.202453)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.4 square miles (73.6 km²), of which, 28.4 square miles (73.5 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.14%) is water.
Coastal Los Angeles is well-known for year-round pleasant weather:
- On average, the warmest month is July.
- The highest recorded temperature was 125°F in 1998.
- On average, the coolest month is December.
- The lowest recorded temperature was 14°F in 1976.
- The maximum average precipitation occurs in February.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Murrieta has a Mediterranean climate or Dry-Summer Subtropical (Köppen climate classification Csa). Murrieta enjoys plenty of sunshine throughout the year, with an average of 263 sunshine days and only 35 days with measurable precipitation annually.
The period of April through November is warm to hot and dry with average high temperatures of 77 - 98°F and lows of 44 - 60°F. The period of November through March is somewhat rainy, as shown in the table to left.
The Los Angeles area is also subject to the phenomenon typical of a microclimate. As such, the temperatures can vary as much as 18°F (10°C) between inland areas and the coast, with a temperature gradient of over one degree per mile (1.6 km) from the coast inland. California has also a weather phenomenon called "June Gloom or May Grey", which sometimes gives overcast or foggy skies in the morning at the coast, but usually gives sunny skies by noon, during late spring and early summer.
Los Angeles averages 15 inches (385 mm) of precipitation annually, which mainly occurs during the winter and spring (November thru April) with generally light rain showers, but sometimes as heavy rainfall and thunderstorms. Snowfall is extremely rare in the city basin, but the mountains within city limits slopes typically receive snowfall every winter.
As of the census of 2000, there were 44,282 people, 14,320 households, and 11,699 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,560.0 people per square mile (602.2/km²). There were 14,921 housing units at an average density of 525.6/sq mi (202.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.64% White, 3.39% African American, 0.66% Native American, 4.01% Asian, 0.22% Pacific Islander, 5.77% from other races, and 4.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.48% of the population.
There were 14,320 households out of which 47.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.2% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.3% were non-families. 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 and the average family size was 3.42.
In the city the population was spread out with 33.7% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $78,883, and the median income for a family was $90,930. Males had a median income of $49,107 versus $32,468 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,290. About 3.0% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature Murrieta is located in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Dennis Hollingsworth, and in the 64th and 66th Assembly Districts, represented by Republicans John J. Benoit and Kevin Jeffries respectively. Federally, Murrieta is located in California's 45th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +3 and is represented by Republican Mary Bono Mack.
The current mayor of Murrieta is Kelley Bennet. Four-term mayor Warnie Enochs was charged on fourteen felony accounts as of February, 2009 and as such became the only mayor in Murrieta history to be sent to jail. He was sentenced to weekend jail for 180 days.
Murrieta has two major interstate freeways running through it and connecting it to the outside world. The eastern one is the I-215, and the western is the I-15. It is also along route 395. The Riverside Transit Agency also has a few bus routes through the area. Sometime in the future, it may also play host to the high speed rail that voters approved in 2008 with Prop 1a. "This active HSR station is projected to handle 8,000 daily riders. The program-level HSR route alignment has placed this station between Murrieta and Temecula near the I-15 and I-215 freeway interchange. If you are passing through Murrieta in an RV, there is a convenient RV service center that has a waste dump site/ dump station located at the junction of these two freeways at [Murrieta Creek RV]
Murrieta ranked as the number one safest city in california and remains the safest city in Riverside County according to CQ Press 2009 City Crime Rankings.
Murrieta remains the safest city in Riverside County and one of the safest in the state and nation for populations between 50,000 and 100,000 according to the most recent crime statistics published by the F.B.I. for 2005. The city was also cited as the 39th safest city in the nation by the Morgan-Quinto Press in 2006. The Murrieta Police Department holds the unique distinction as the only municipal police department in Southwest Riverside County.
Murrieta had an all-volunteer fire department for almost 40 years, but in 1987, it became a full-fledged municipal fire prevention district, the only one in all of southwestern Riverside County. The Murrieta Police Department was created in 1992, with the encouragement of then-Riverside County Sheriff Cois Byrd, it currently staffs around 100 officers.
The City of Murrieta is served by the Murrieta Valley Unified School District (MVUSD). The district contains eleven elementary (K-5) schools, three middle (6-8) schools, three comprehensive high (9-12) schools, Vista Murrieta High School, Murrieta Valley High School, Murrieta Mesa High School, one continuation school (Creekside High School), and one independent study school. Because of the explosive growth in the area, one elementary school, another middle school, and another high school are in the making. Murrieta Mesa opened its doors to 2009-2010 class of freshmen and sophomores. The Calvary Chapel Bible College and affiliated private comprehensive (K-12) school Calvary Chapel Murrieta also serve the Murrieta community.
Plans have been set forth for the devolopement of a first class shopping area in Murrieta. This area will have a multi screen movie theatre, outdoor plaza, 250 room hotel with a large reception area, parking garages that hold upwards of 4,700 cars, and multi level office buildings. The site will play host to numerous dining establishments. And is even the proposed site for a train station on California's future high speed rail. In the past the site had been proposed as an indoor mall, ice rink, museum, western themed museum, and even as the Chargers stadium. When completed it will be the biggest shopping area in Murrieta. The $300 million-plus project will be designed as a lifestyle center and include at least nine upscale restaurants, a theater, a 24-hour entertainment facility, and a hotel with a conference center. Plans halted as the recession reared its head, but will resume.
The area of southwest Riverside County is serviced by the TV station Channel 27. It is currently hitting hard times and laid off a portion of its employees.
Murrieta is host to a range of sports programs, allowing kids a chance at diversion. The sports provided are Soccer, Baseball, Football (flag and pop warner), Street Hockey, and Cheerleading.
Murrieta is home to Mulligan Family Fun Center. Murrieta is also located near Santa Rosa Plateau, a national reserve that allows tourists to visit and observe the wildlife, both flora and fauna (including the Engleman Oak). There is also a Pole Position, go kart racing, establishment within the city confines.