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Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
Mūsā al-Kādhim
Imams of Twelver Shi'a Islam
A depiction by a Muslim artist.
A modern depiction by a Shi'a artist
Rank Seventh Twelver Imām
Name Mūsā ibn Ja‘far ibn Muḥammad
Kunya Abū Ibrāhīm[1]
Birth 7th Safar 128 AH
6 November 745 C.E.
Death 25th Rajab 183 AH
1 September 799 C.E.
Birthplace Abwā'[1], Saudi Arabia
Buried al-Kādhimiya Mosque, Kādhimayn
Life Duration Before Imamate: 20 years
(128 - 148 AH)
Imamate: 35 years
(148 - 183 AH)
Titles *al-Kādhim[1]
(Arabic for Calm)
*Bābul Hawā'ij[2]
(Arabic for The door to fulfilling needs)
*‘Abdus Sālih[1]
(Arabic for Virtuous Slave [of God])
*Yedinci Ali
(Turkish for "Seventh ‘Alī")
Spouse(s) Ummul Banīn Najmah[3]
Father Ja‘far aṣ-Ṣādiq
Mother Hamīdah al-Barbariyyah[1]
Children ‘Alī ar-Ridhā (successor), Fātimah al-Ma‘sūmah, Hājar Khātūn, Hamzah, Sālih, Ahmad, Muhammad, Ibrāhīm, Aisha[4][5][6][7][8]
Almahdi.png
Ali · Hasan · Husayn

al-Sajjad · al-Baqir · al-Sadiq
al-Kadhim · al-Rida · al-Taqi
al-Hadi · al-Askari · al-Mahdi

Mūsá ibn Ja‘far al-Kāżim / al-Kādhim (Arabic: موسى بن جعفر الكاظم‎) (November 6, 745 AD - September 1, 799 // Safar 7, 128 AH – Rajab 25, 183 AH)[1] was the seventh of the Twelve Imams. He was the son of the sixth Imam, Ja‘far aṣ-Ṣādiq and his mother was Hamidah Khātūn, a student and former slave of African descent. His wife Najmah was also a former slave purchased and freed by Hamidah, his mother.

Mūsá al-Kāżim was born during the power struggles between the Umayyad and the Abbasid. Like his father, he was assassinated by the Abbasids. He bore three notable children: the eighth Imām, ‘Alī ar-Riżá, and two daughters, Fāṭimah al-Ma‘sūmah and Hājar Khātūn.

The Festival of Imam Musa al-Kadhim celebrates his life and death.

Contents

Background

Mūsá al-Kāżim was in Abwa between Mecca and Medina. His mother was originally a slave of African origin, but after his father purchased her, he freed her and trained her as an Islamic scholar.

Designation of the Imamate

Mūsá al-Kāżim became the seventh Shi’ah Imam at the age of 21. According to the Kitab al-Irshad of Sheikh al-Mufid:

Among the shaykhs of the followers of Abu Abd Allah Ja'far al-Sadiq, peace be on him, his special group (khassa), his inner circle and the trustworthy righteous legal scholars, may God have mercy on them, who report the clear designation of the Imamate by Abu Abd Allah Jafars peace be on him, for his son, Abu al-Hasan Musa, peace be on him, are: al-Mufaddal b. Umar al-Jufi, Mu'adh b. Kathir, Abd al-Rahman b. al-Hajjaj, al-Fayd b. al-Mukhtar, Yaqub al-Sarraj, Sulayman b. Khalid, Safwan al-Jammal... [That designation] is also reported by his two brothers, Ishaq and Ali, sons of Jafar, peace be on him.[9]

Some Shi‘ah believe that the eldest son of Imam Ja‘far, namely Isma'il ibn Jafar, received the Imamate rather than Mūsá al-Kāżim. They also believe Isma'il went into hiding at his father's command (known as the Lesser Occultation) while Twelvers believe he predeceased his father and therefore was never appointed Imam. The descendents of the supporters of Isma'il's Imamate today comprise the Ismaili, which includes several independent groups.

His death

In 795, Harun al-Rashid imprisoned Mūsá al-Kāżim; four years later, he ordered Sindi ibn Shahiq to poison Musa. Mūsá al-Kāżim's body now rests within al Kadhimiya Mosque in Kadhimayn, Iraq. He left nineteen sons and eighteen daughters behind him amongst whom Imam Ali Rida succeeded him as the next pious Imam. He is the Imam with the most number of issues, Syed Ahmed, Muhammad both known as Shah Cheragh, Syed Saleh, Syed Hamzeh, Syed Qassim, murdered on the same day as him in Baghdad, Syed Ibrahim, Syed Ishaq Al Mawaqfiq are amongst his issues.

A group of Shia rejected the death of Musa al-Kadhim. They were called the Waqifite Shia. They believed Musa was the Mahdi and was alive, but in occultation.

Quotes

  1. The best generosity is the help to the oppressed.
  2. The world is soft and beautiful like a snake but there is a fatal poison hidden inside.
  3. Reliance on Allah has grades. One of them is that you rely on Him in every matter and be pleased with whatever He decides for you and know that He never hesitates in providing you any good and grace and that every decision is from Him so leave every affair to His will and rely and put trust only in Him[10]
  4. One who gives circulation to a sin is banished and forsaken and the one who covers a sin will be forgiven by God[11]
  5. Every person who strives to obtain Halaal (permissible) sustenance or provision is like a fighter in the path of God[12]

Timeline

Musa al-Kadhim
of the Ahl al-Bayt
Panjetan.jpg
Clan of the Banu Quraish
Born: 7th Safar 128 AH 6th November 745 CE Died: 25th Rajab 183 AH 1st September 799 CE
Shī‘a Islam titles
Preceded by
Jafar al-Sadiq
7th Imam of Twelver Shi'a Islam
765 – 799
Succeeded by
Ali al-Ridha

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f A Brief History of The Fourteen Infallibles. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. 2004. pp. 131.  
    "The Infallibles Taken from Kitab al Irshad By Sheikh al Mufid". al-islam.org. http://www.al-islam.org/masoom/bios/7thimam.html. Retrieved 2008-11-20.  
  2. ^ A Brief History of The Fourteen Infallibles. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. 2004. pp. 131.  
    al-Qurashi, Baqir Shareef. "1". The Life of Imam Musa bin Ja'far al-Kazim. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. pp. 60.  
  3. ^ A Brief History of The Fourteen Infallibles. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. 2004. pp. 137.  
  4. ^ al-Irshad, by Shaikh Mufid [p.303]
  5. ^ Kashf al-Ghumma, by Abu al-Hasan al-Irbili [vol.2, p.90 & 217]
  6. ^ Tawarikh al-Nabi wa al-Aal, by Muhammad Taqi al-Tustari [p. 125-126]
  7. ^ al-Anwar al-Nu`maniyya, by Ni`mat Allah al-Jaza’iri [vol.1, p.380]
  8. ^ Umdat al-Talib, by Ibn Anba [p. 266 {footnote}]
  9. ^ Imam al-Musa al-Kadhim (a.s.)
  10. ^ Al Kafi 2:65
  11. ^ Al Kafi
  12. ^ Bihar al-Anwar 103: 4, 7, 113
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Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Mūsā al-Kādhim, along with his grandson Muhammad at-Taqī are buried within the al-Kādhimiya Mosque in Baghdad, Iraq.

Mūsā ibn Ja‘far al-Kādhim (746 - 799 AD) (Arabic: موسى بن جعفر الكاظم‎ ) was the seventh Twelver Shī‘ah Imām. He was the son of Ja‘far as-Sādiq and was the fifth generation grandson of Muhammad.

Contents

General

  • Cheerfulness and good nature, purge hatred and rancour.
    • Muhammad Kulayni, Usūl al-Kāfī, vol.3, p.162
  • Anger is the key to any evil.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p.416
  • The likeness of this world is as the water of the sea - however much a thirsty person drinks from it, his thirst increases so much so that the water kills him.
    • Majlisi, Bihārul Anwār, vol.78, p.311

Regarding Knowledge & Wisdom

General

  • Human beings have not been given anything higher than wisdom and intellect.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p.419
  • Learn sciences which offer you both your corrective destinies and corrective threats.
    • al-Nuri, Mustadrak al‑Wasā'il, vol.12, pg.166
  • Silence is a great wisdom.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p.414
  • Association with a learned one in the slums, is by far better than sitting with an ignorant person on sumptuous and luxurious carpets.
    • Muhammad Kulayni, Usūl al-Kāfī, vol.1, p.48

Religious

  • The sleep of a wise man is far better than the worship of an ignorant one during the night.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p.419
  • Consultation with a wise advisor is a blessing, grace, guidance and success.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p.420

Religious Wisdom

  • The most reasonable way of blessings and honesties will be obtained through opposing sensuality.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p.421
  • Everything has a tax, and the tax for the bodies is recommended fasting.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p.425
  • A believer is as the two pans of a scale, that whenever his faith increases his afflictions increase.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p.432
  • The best means by which a slave seeks proximity to God after recognising Him, is praying, benevolence to the parents, and abandonment of envy, self-conceit and vaunting.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p.412
  • Save yourself from the wrath of Allah (swt), and do not abandon speaking the truth, even though it (apparently) causes your destruction. Know that truth does not lead into your annihilation; rather it is a saviour. Always let go of the untruth; even though it (apparently) saves you. Untruth is never a saviour, and it eventually leads into annihilation.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p.408
  • On the day of Resurrection, there will stand on the Divine Throne four individuals from the past generations, and four from the later generations. Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus are the four individuals from the past generations. Muhammed, Ali, al-Hasan, and al-Husayn are the four individuals from the later generations. Then, food will be served. Those who visited the shrines of the Imāms will be invited to that food. The visitors of my son’s shrine (Ali al-Rida) will be the foremost and the most favorable.
    • Majlisi, Bihārul Anwār, vol.22, p.6
  • When the fifth from my offspring disappears, then, I adjure you by Allah to watch for your religion so that no one would take it away from you. Without doubt, there shall be an occultation for the holder of this matter, until such time that (most) people who believe in his Imāmat would leave their belief. Verily this (occultation) is but a test by Allah, the Glorious, for his creation.
    • Majlisi, Bihārul Anwār, vol.52, p.113 ; Muhammad Kulayni, Usūl al-Kāfī, vol.1, p.336 ; al-Tūsī, Kitāb al-Ghayba, p.337

See Also

External links

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