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Muse reading a scroll, perhaps Clio - Attic red-figure lekythos, Boeotia c. 435-425 BC - Louvre
Greek deities
series
Primordial deities
Titans and Olympians
Aquatic deities
Chthonic deities
Other deities
Personified concepts
.The Muses (Ancient Greek αἱ μοῦσαι, hai moũsai [1]: perhaps from the o-grade of the Proto-Indo-European root *men- "think"[2]) in Greek mythology, poetry, and literature are the goddesses or spirits who inspire the creation of literature and the arts.^ MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE .
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Muses, according to the earliest writers, were the inspiring goddesses of song, and, according to later noticus, divinities presiding over the different kinds of poetry, and over the arts and sciences.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All musicians are inspired by those who went before as Muse will inspire those that will come later.
  • New Muse - "Uprising" - Album Art - Stereogum 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC stereogum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They were considered the source of the knowledge, related orally for centuries in the ancient culture, that was contained in poetic lyrics and myths.
.Just how many muses there were was a matter of some dispute.^ I'm from Miami and just spent a week in LA, and the girls out there are still rocking their Muses.
  • YSL Muse Gray Blue - The Bag Snob: Reviews of Designer Handbags, Authentic Designer Purses, and Leather Bags 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.bagsnob.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reply Score = 0 Muse are an excellent band that are not afraid to experiment and put themselves out there unlike so many other bands (e.g.
  • New Muse - "Uprising" - Album Art - Stereogum 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC stereogum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In Boeotia, the homeland of Hesiod, a tradition persisted[3] that the Muses had once been three in number. Diodorus Siculus, quotes Hesiod to the contrary, observing:
.Writers similarly disagree also concerning the number of the Muses; for some say that they are three, and others that they are nine, but the number nine has prevailed since it rests upon the authority of the most distinguished men, such as Homer and Hesiod and others like them.^ Writers similarly disagree also concerning the number of the Mousai; for some say they are but thee, and others that they are nine, but the number nine has prevailed since it rests upon the authority of the most distinguished men, such as Homer and Hesiod and others like them.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since they don't sound like any other band.
  • is it just me or.... [Archive] - Rock Band Forums 25 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.rockband.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They are daft,have some silly lyrics but they can produce some excellent music.Muse and arcade fire are two of the best bands around.
  • New Muse - "Uprising" - Album Art - Stereogum 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC stereogum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4]
.Three ancient Muses were also reported in Plutarch's Quaestiones Conviviviales (9.I4.2-4).^ In the most ancient works of art we find only three Muses, and their attributes are musical instruments, such as the flute, the lyre, or the barbiton.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

[5] .The Roman scholar Varro relates that there are only three Muses: one who is born from the movement of water, another who makes sound by striking the air, and a third, who is embodied only in the human voice.^ The only rides they let in are a medium- sized Ferris wheel, a merry-go-round and one of those newfangled water slides.

^ The people who listened to Muse before then most likely love the old, gritty sound, and dislike the new one (much like it is with most bands, really).
  • is it just me or.... [Archive] - Rock Band Forums 25 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.rockband.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You’re the only one who can see it,” she said with a bemused smile as she turned the car onto the deserted road.
  • A Muse with a View 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.amuseview.com [Source type: General]

.However the Classical understanding of the muses tripled their triad, set at nine goddesses, who embody the arts and inspire creation with their graces through remembered and improvised song and stage, writing, traditional music, and dance.^ THE MOUSAI were the goddesses of music, song and dance, and the source of inspiration to poets.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Muses, according to the earliest writers, were the inspiring goddesses of song, and, according to later noticus, divinities presiding over the different kinds of poetry, and over the arts and sciences.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All musicians are inspired by those who went before as Muse will inspire those that will come later.
  • New Muse - "Uprising" - Album Art - Stereogum 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC stereogum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In one myth, King Pierus, king of Macedon, had nine daughters he named after the nine Muses, believing that their skills were a great match to the Muses.^ Pierus, a Macedonian, is said to have been the first who introduced the worship of the nine Muses, from Thrace to Thespiae, at the foot of mount Helicon.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And come on, name one band that's just like Muse?
  • is it just me or.... [Archive] - Rock Band Forums 25 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.rockband.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thespiae [the town beneath Mount Helikon] and established nine Mousai, changing their names to the present ones .
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

.He thus challenged the Muses to a match, resulting in his daughters, the Pierides, being turned into chattering magpies[6] for their presumption.^ From Boeotia, which thus became the focus of the worship of the nine Muses, it afterwards spread into the adjacent and more distant parts of Greece.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ P. 85); and the nine daughters of Pierus, who presumed to rival the Muses, were metamorphosed into birds.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

Sometimes they are referred to as water nymphs, associated with the springs of Helicon and with Pieris. It was said that the winged horse Pegasus touched his hooves to the ground on Helicon, causing four sacred springs to burst forth, from which the muses were born.[1] Athena later tamed the horse and presented him to the muses.
The Olympian myths set Apollo as their leader, Apollon Mousagetēs. Not only are the Muses explicitly used in modern English to refer to an artistic inspiration, as when one cites one's own artistic muse, but they also are implicit in words and phrases such as "amuse", "museum" (Latinised from mouseion—a place where the muses were worshipped), "music", and "musing upon".[7]
.According to Hesiod's Theogony (seventh century BC), they were daughters of Zeus, the second generation king of the gods, and the offspring of Mnemosyne, goddess of memory.^ Rackham) (Roman rhetorician C1st B.C.) : "The second set [of goddess Mousai] are the offspring of the third Jupiter [Zeus Olympios] and Mnemosyne, nine in number; the third set are the daughters of Pierus and Antiope, and are usually called by the poets Peirides or Peirian Maidens; they are the same in number [nine] and have the same names as the next preceding set."
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rackham) (Roman rhetorician C1st B.C.) : "[Cicero sets out several traditions concerning the goddess Mousai] Again the first set of Musae are four, the daughters of the second Jupiter [i.e.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Zeus and Mnemosyne (Memory); but a few poets, among whose number is Alkman [lyric poet C7th B.C.] state that they were daughters of Ouranos (Sky) and Ge (Earth).
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

For Alcman and Mimnermus, they were even more primordial, springing from the early deities, Uranus and Gaia. .Gaia is Mother Earth, an early mother goddess who was worshipped at Delphi from prehistoric times, long before the site was rededicated to Apollo, possibly indicating a transfer to association with him after that time.^ Being goddesses of song, they are naturally connected with Apollo, the god of the lyre, who like them instructs the bards, and is mentioned along with them even by Homer.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

.Pausanias records a tradition of two generations of Muses; the first being daughters of Uranus and Gaia, the second of Zeus and Mnemosyne.^ Rackham) (Roman rhetorician C1st B.C.) : "[Cicero sets out several traditions concerning the goddess Mousai] Again the first set of Musae are four, the daughters of the second Jupiter [i.e.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The most common notion was, that they were the daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne, and born in Pieria, at the foot of Mount Olympus (Hes.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Zeus and Mnemosyne (Memory); but a few poets, among whose number is Alkman [lyric poet C7th B.C.] state that they were daughters of Ouranos (Sky) and Ge (Earth).
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

.Another, rarer genealogy is that they are daughters of Harmonia (the daughter of Aphrodite and Ares) which contradicts the myth in which they were dancing at the wedding of Harmonia and Cadmus.^ Meanwhile the rich-tressed Kharites (Graces) and cheerful Horai (Seasons) dance with Harmonia (Harmony) and Hebe (Youth) and Aphrodite, daughter of Zeus, holding each other by the wrist."
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ II) WEDDING OF CADMUS & HARMONIA .
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

This later inconsistency is an example of how clues to the true dating, or chronology, of myths may be determined by the appearance of figures and concepts in Greek myths.[citation needed]
Compare the Roman inspiring nymphs of springs, the Camenae, the Völva of Norse Mythology and also the apsaras in the mythology of classical India.

Contents

Muses in myth

The Muses Clio, Euterpe, and Thalia, by Eustache Le Sueur
.According to Pausanias in the later second century AD,[8] there were three original Muses, worshiped on Mount Helicon in Boeotia: Aoidē ("song" or "voice"), Meletē ("practice" or "occasion"), and Mnēmē ("memory").^ From Boeotia, which thus became the focus of the worship of the nine Muses, it afterwards spread into the adjacent and more distant parts of Greece.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Muses, according to the earliest writers, were the inspiring goddesses of song, and, according to later noticus, divinities presiding over the different kinds of poetry, and over the arts and sciences.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There were two alternative sets of Muses : the three or four Mousai Titanides and the three Mousai Apollonides .
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

Together, these three form the complete picture of the preconditions of poetic art in cult practice. .In Delphi three Muses were worshiped as well, but with other names: Nētē, Mesē, and Hypatē, which are assigned as the names of the three chords of the ancient musical instrument, the lyre.^ If they have a generic sound, name a couple other bands that sound like Muse.
  • is it just me or.... [Archive] - Rock Band Forums 25 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.rockband.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They were originally regarded as the nymphs of inspiring wells, near which they were worshipped, and bore different names in different places, until the Thraco-Boeotian worship of the nine Muses spread from Boeotia over other parts of Greece, and ultimately became generally established.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Delphi, where their names were identical with those of the lowest, middle, and highest chord of the lyre, viz.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

.Alternatively they later were called Cēphisso, Apollonis, and Borysthenis, whose names characterize them as daughters of Apollo.^ Cephisso, Apollonis, and Borysthenis, which names characterise them as the daughters of Apollo.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Zeus and Mnemosyne (Memory); but a few poets, among whose number is Alkman [lyric poet C7th B.C.] state that they were daughters of Ouranos (Sky) and Ge (Earth).
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Apollo, or of Zeus and Plusia, or of Zeus and Moneta, probably a mere translation of Mnemosyne or Mneme, whence they are called Mnemonides (Ov.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

.In later tradition, four Muses were recognized: Thelxinoē, Aoedē, Arche, and Meletē, said to be daughters of Zeus and Plusia (or, of Uranus).^ As daughters of Zeus and Plusia we find mention of four Muses, viz.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rackham) (Roman rhetorician C1st B.C.) : "[Cicero sets out several traditions concerning the goddess Mousai] Again the first set of Musae are four, the daughters of the second Jupiter [i.e.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

One of the persons frequently associated with the Muses was Pierus. .By some he was called the father (by a Pimpleian nymph: called Antiope by Cicero) of a total of seven Muses, called Neilo (Νειλώ), Tritone (Τριτώνη), Asopo (Ἀσωπώ), Heptapora (Ἑπτάπορα), Achelois, Tipoplo (Τιποπλώ), and Rhodia.^ Neilo, Tritone, Asopo, Heptapora, Achelois, Tipoplo, and Rhodia (Tzetz.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ NETE, MESE, HYPATE (Plutarch Symposium 9.14) [3.2] KEPHISO, APOLLONIS, BORYSTHENIS (Eumelus Frag 35, Tzetzes) [4.1] NEILO, TRITONE, ASOPO, HEPTAPORA, AKHELOIS, TIPOPLO, RHODIA (Epicharmis, Tzetzes on Hes.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some accounts, again, in which they are called daughters of Pierus, mention seven Muses, viz.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

[9]
In one myth, the Muses judged a contest between Apollo and Marsyas. .They also gathered the pieces of the dead body of Orpheus, son of Calliope, and buried them.^ "[Aphrodite] stirred the women in Thrace by love, each to seek Orpheus [son of the Mousa Kalliope] for herself, so that they tore him limb from limb.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : "[The Bakkhantes slay Orpheus, son of the Muse Kalliope :] They slew him and dismembered his body .
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Musae gathered the scattered limbs and gave them burial, and as the greatest favour they could confer, they put as a memorial his lyre, pictures with stars, among the constellations.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

.They blinded Thamyris for his hubris in challenging them to a contest.^ Thamyris, who presumed to excel the Muses, was deprived by them of the gift they had bestowed on him, and punished with blindness.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

.Though the Muses, when taken together, form a complete picture of the subjects proper to poetic art, the association of specific Muses with specific art forms is a later innovation.^ Back to Top April 17, 2001 From: Melanie Vandermark Subject: Project Muse News: Transactions of the American Philological Association (TAPA) Debuts in Muse .
  • Project MUSE® - Project MUSE E-Mail Announcement Archive 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC tools.muse.jhu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The Muses were not assigned standardized divisions of poetry with which they are now identified until late Hellenistic times.^ If we now inquire into the notions entertained about the nature and character of the Muses, we find that, in the Homeric poems, they are the goddesses of song and poetry, and live in Olympus.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

Emblems of the Muses

Muse Domain Emblem
Calliope Epic poetry Writing tablet
Clio History Scrolls
Erato Lyric poetry Cithara (an ancient Greek musical instrument in the lyre family)
Euterpe Music Aulos (an ancient Greek musical instrument)
Melpomene Tragedy Tragic mask
Polyhymnia Choral poetry Veil
Terpsichore Dance Lyre
Thalia Comedy Comic mask
Urania Astrology Globe and compass
.In Renaissance and Neoclassical art, the dissemination of emblem books such as Cesare Ripa's Iconologia (1593 and many further editions) helped standardize the depiction of Muses in sculptures or paintings, who could be distinguished by certain props, together with which they became emblems readily identifiable by the viewer, enabling one immediately to recognize the art with which they had become bound.^ Thamyris, who presumed to excel the Muses, was deprived by them of the gift they had bestowed on him, and punished with blindness.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Suzette told her muse she had bad writer's block, So they sat down together and worked through the plot.

.Calliope (epic poetry) carries a writing tablet; Clio (history) carries a scroll and books; Erato (lyrical poetry) is often seen with a lyre and a crown of roses; Euterpe (music) carries a flute, the aulos; Melpomene (tragedy) is often seen with a tragic mask; Polyhymnia (sacred poetry) often is seen with a pensive expression; Terpsichore (dance) is often seen dancing and carrying a lyre; Thalia (comedy) often is seen with a comic mask; and Urania (astronomy) carries a pair of compasses and the celestial globe.^ Euterpe, the Muse of lyric poetry, with a flute; 4.
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^ Later the Mousai were assigned specific artistic spheres: Kalliope, epic poetry; Kleio, history; Ourania, astronomy; Thaleia, comedy; Melpomene, tragedy; Polyhymnia, religious hymns; Erato, erotic poetry; Euterpe, lyric poetry; and Terpsikhore, choral song and dance.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kleio, and Erato who charms the sight, with thee, Euterpe, ministering delight: Thalia flourishing, Polymnia famed, Melpomene from skill in music named: Terpsikhore, Ourania heavenly bright."
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

Function in society

Melpomene and Polyhymnia, Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico
.Greek mousa is a common noun as well as a type of goddess: it literally means "song" or "poem". In Pindar, to "carry a mousa" is "to sing a song". The word probably is derived from the Indo-European root men-, which is also the source of Greek Mnemosyne, and English "mind", "mental" and "memory" (or alternatively from mont-, "mountain", due to their residence on Mount Helicon, which is less likely in meaning, but somewhat more likely to be associated linguistically).^ As Sositheus, writer of tragedies [Greek C3rd B.C.], says, he had his home on Mount Helicon and took his pleasure in the company of the Musae, sometimes even following the pursuit of hunting.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Being goddesses of song, they are naturally connected with Apollo, the god of the lyre, who like them instructs the bards, and is mentioned along with them even by Homer.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With regard to the number of the Muses, we are informed that originally three were worshipped on Mount Helicon in Boeotia, namely, Melete (meditation), Mneme (memory), and Aoede (song); and their worship and names are said to have been first introduced by Ephialtes and Otus.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Muses, therefore, were both the embodiments and sponsors of performed metrical speech: mousike, whence "music", was "the art of the Muses". In the archaic period, before the widespread availability of books (scrolls), this included nearly all of learning.^ All musicians are inspired by those who went before as Muse will inspire those that will come later.
  • New Muse - "Uprising" - Album Art - Stereogum 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC stereogum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE .
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While this title is accessible by all Muse subscribers, its cost is not included in the price of any Muse package.
  • Project MUSE® - Project MUSE E-Mail Announcement Archive 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC tools.muse.jhu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The first Greek book on astronomy, by Thales, was set in dactylic hexameter, as were many works of pre-Socratic philosophy; both Plato and the Pythagoreans explicitly included philosophy as a sub-species of mousike[10] Herodotus, whose primary medium of delivery was public recitation, named each one of the nine books of his Histories after a different Muse, invoked at the outset.^ Cleio, the Muse of history, appears in a sitting attitude, with an open roll of paper, or an open chest of books; 3.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And when a year was passed and the seasons came round as the months waned, and many days were accomplished, she bare nine daughters, all of one mind, whose hearts are set upon song and their spirit free from care, a little way from the topmost peak of snowy Olympos.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thespiae [the town beneath Mount Helikon] and established nine Mousai, changing their names to the present ones .
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

For poet and "law-giver" Solon,[11] the Muses were "the key to the good life"; since they brought both prosperity and friendship. Solon sought to perpetuate his political reforms by establishing recitations of his poetry—complete with invocations to his practical-minded Muses—by Athenian boys at festivals each year. It was believed that the muses would help inspire people to do their best.

Function in literature

Gustave Moreau, Hesiod and the Muse (1891) - Musée d'Orsay, Paris
.The Muses typically are invoked at or near the beginning of an ancient epic poem or classical Greek hymn.^ Shewring) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) : "[A description of the funeral of Akhilleus :] The daughters of the ancient sea-god [i.e.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Shewring) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) : "The Mousa (Muse) .
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

They have served as aids to an author of prose, too, sometimes represented as the true speaker, for whom an author is merely a mouthpiece.[12] Originally, the invocation of the Muse was an indication that the speaker was working inside the poetic tradition, according to the established formulas. Seven classic examples are:
Homer, in Book I of The Odyssey:
"Sing to me of the man, Muse, the man of twists and turns
driven time and again off course, once he had plundered
the hallowed heights of Troy." (Robert Fagles translation, 1996)
Virgil, in Book I of the Aeneid:
O Muse! the causes and the crimes relate;
What goddess was provok'd, and whence her hate;
For what offense the Queen of Heav'n began
To persecute so brave, so just a man; [...]
(John Dryden translation, 1697)
Catullus, in Carmen I:
"And so, have them for yourself, whatever kind of book it is,
and whatever sort, oh patron Muse
let it last for more than one generation, eternally."
(Student translation, 2007)
Dante Alighieri, in Canto II of The Inferno:
O Muses, O high genius, aid me now!
O memory that engraved the things I saw,
Here shall your worth be manifest to all!
(Anthony Esolen translation, 2002)
Muse, American marble statue, artist unknown (c. 1820) - Baltimore Museum of Art
John Milton, opening of Book 1 of Paradise Lost:
Of Man’s first disobedience, and the fruit
Of that forbidden tree whose mortal taste
Brought death into the World, and all our woe,
With loss of Eden, till one greater Man
Restore us, and regain the blissful Seat,
Sing, Heavenly Muse, [...]
William Shakespeare, Act 1, Prologue of Henry V:
Chorus: O for a Muse of fire, that would ascend
The brightest heaven of invention,
A kingdom for a stage, princes to act
And monarchs to behold the swelling scene!
Geoffrey Chaucer, in Book II of Troilus and Criseyde:
O lady myn, that called art Cleo,
Thow be my speed fro this forth, and my Muse,
To ryme wel this book til I haue do;
Me nedeth here noon othere art to vse.
ffor-whi to euery louere I me excuse
That of no sentement I this endite,
But out of Latyn in my tonge it write.
Modern invocations of the Muses have appeared in a variety of literary and adult video sources. .The Muses are travestied in the 1980 feature film Xanadu (and its 2007 Broadway musical adaptation), which place Terpsichore and Clio, respectively, in the leading role under the pseudonym 'Kira'. The Muses were also reduced to five in the 1997 Disney film Hercules, and narrated the story through gospel music.^ A lot of new music is pure crap, you really have to wade through it to find the halfway decent stuff, but Muse has real talent.
  • New Muse - "Uprising" - Album Art - Stereogum 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC stereogum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Those five were Clio, Thalia, Melpomene, Calliope, and Terpischore. .In modern English usage, muse (non capitalized but deriving from the classical Muses) can refer in general to a person who inspires an artist, writer, or musician.^ All musicians are inspired by those who went before as Muse will inspire those that will come later.
  • New Muse - "Uprising" - Album Art - Stereogum 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC stereogum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MUSE - Great musicians, talented song-writers, definitely trying to push boundaries....
  • New Muse - "Uprising" - Album Art - Stereogum 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC stereogum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13]

Cults of the Muses to modern museums

"Muses Sarcophagus" shows nine Muses and their attributes, marble, early 2nd century AD, Via Ostiense - Louvre
When Pythagoras arrived at Croton, his first advice to the Crotoniates was to build a shrine to the Muses at the center of the city, to promote civic harmony and learning.
Local cults of the Muses often were associated with springs or fountains. They sometimes were called Aganippids because of their association with a fountain called Aganippe. Other fountains, Hippocrene and Pirene, also were important locations ascribed to the Muses. .The Muses also occasionally were referred to as "Corycides", or "Corycian nymphs" after a cave on Mount Parnassos, called the Corycian Cave.^ There they had a temple and statues, and the Thespians celebrated a solemn festival of the Muses on mount Helicon, called Mouseia (Paus.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eupheme is called the nurse of the Muses, and at the foot of Mount Helicon her statue stood beside that of Linus.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Muses were venerated especially in Boeotia, in the Valley of the Muses near Helicon, and in Delphi and the Parnassus, where Apollo became known as Mousagetes "Muse-leader" after the sites were rededicated to his cult.^ From Boeotia, which thus became the focus of the worship of the nine Muses, it afterwards spread into the adjacent and more distant parts of Greece.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In later times Apollo is placed in very close connection with the Muses, for he is described as the leader of the choir of the Muses by the surname Mousagetês.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

Nine Muses dancing with Apollo, by Baldassare Peruzzi
.Often Muse-worship also was associated with the hero-cults of poets: the tombs of Archilochus on Thasos and Hesiod and Thamyris in Boeotia, all played host to festivals, in which poetic recitations were accompanied by sacrifices to the Muses.^ From Boeotia, which thus became the focus of the worship of the nine Muses, it afterwards spread into the adjacent and more distant parts of Greece.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

The Library of Alexandria and its circle of scholars were formed around a mousaion ("museum" or shrine of the Muses) close to the tomb of Alexander the Great.
Many Enlightenment figures sought to re-establish a "Cult of the Muses" in the eighteenth century. A famous Masonic lodge in pre-Revolutionary Paris was called Les Neuf Soeurs ("nine sisters", that is, the nine Muses), and it was attended by Voltaire, Benjamin Franklin, Danton, and other influential Enlightenment figures. One side-effect of this movement was the use of the word "museum" (originally, "cult place of the Muses") to refer to a place for the public display of knowledge.

The Muse-poet

Thalia, muse of comedy, holding a comic mask - detail of “Muses Sarcophagus”, the nine Muses and their attributes; marble, early second century AD, Via Ostiense - Louvre
The British poet Robert Graves popularized the concept of the Muse-poet in modern times. His concept was based on pre-twelfth century traditions of the Celtic poets, the tradition of the medieval troubadours who celebrated the concept of courtly love, and the romantic poets.
"No Muse-poet grows conscious of the Muse except by experience of a woman in whom the Goddess is to some degree resident; just as no Apollonian poet can perform his proper function unless he lives under a monarchy or a quasi-monarchy. A Muse-poet falls in love, absolutely, and his true love is for him the embodiment of the Muse...
But the real, perpetually obsessed Muse-poet distinguishes between the Goddess as manifest in the supreme power, glory, wisdom, and love of woman, and the individual woman whom the Goddess may make her instrument...
The Goddess abides; and perhaps he will again have knowledge of her through his experience of another woman...[14]

The "tenth Muse"

.The archaic poet Sappho of Lesbos was given the compliment of being called "the tenth Muse" by Plato.^ Muse lyrics being silly are a given.
  • New Muse - "Uprising" - Album Art - Stereogum 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC stereogum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The phrase has become a somewhat conventional compliment paid to female poets since. In Callimachus' "Aetia", the poet refers to Queen Berenike, wife of Ptolemy II, as a "Tenth Muse", dedicating both the 'Coma Berenikes' and the 'Victoria Berenikes' in Books III-IV. French critics have acclaimed a series of dixième Muses who were noted by William Rose Benet in The Reader's Encyclopedia (1948): Marie Lejars de Gournay (1566–1645), Antoinette Deshoulières (1633–1694), Madeleine de Scudéry (1607–1701), and Delphine Gay (1804–1855).
Anne Bradstreet, a Puritan poet of New England, was honored with this title after the publication of her poems in London in 1650, in a volume titled by the publisher as The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America. This also was the first volume of American poetry ever published.
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, a Mexican poet, is well known in the Spanish literary world as the tenth Muse.
Gabriele d'Annunzio's 1920 Constitution for the Free State of Fiume was based around the nine Muses and invoked Energeia (energy) as "the tenth Muse". In 1924, Karol Irzykowski published a monograph on cinematography entitled "The Tenth Muse" ("Dziesiąta muza"). Analyzing silent film, he pronounced his definition of cinema: "It is the visibility of man's interaction with reality".
In The Tenth Muse: A historical study of the opera libretto Patrick J. Smith[15] implicitly suggests that the libretto be considered as the tenth muse. The claim, if made explicit, is that the relation of word and music as constituted by the libretto is not only of significant import, but that the critical appreciation of that relation constitutes a crucial element in the understanding of opera.
Shakespeare's Sonnet 38 invokes the Tenth Muse:[16]
."How can my Muse want subject to invent,
While thou dost breathe, that pour'st into my verse
Thine own sweet argument?"
^ Reply Score = 0 How can people say that Muse copy, everyone knows they have their own distinct style.
  • New Muse - "Uprising" - Album Art - Stereogum 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC stereogum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

the poet asks, and in the opening of the sestet calls upon his muse:
."Be thou the tenth Muse, ten times more in worth
Than those old nine which rhymers invocate."
^ From Boeotia, which thus became the focus of the worship of the nine Muses, it afterwards spread into the adjacent and more distant parts of Greece.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For the Thrakians had the reputation of old of being more clever than the Makedonians, and in particular of being not so careless in religious matters.
  • MUSES : Greek goddesses of music poetry & the arts ; mythology ; pictures : MOUSAI, MUSAE, MUSE 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Not to mention Muse is a far more versatile band than Nirvana.
  • New Muse - "Uprising" - Album Art - Stereogum 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC stereogum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

References

  1. ^ Modern Greek οι μούσες, i moúses.
  2. ^ from which mind and mental are also derived; so OED
  3. ^ Reported to Pausanias in the second century AD (noted in Karl Kerenyi, The Gods of the Greeks, 1951, p.104 and note 284. Kerenyi offers the suggestion, from Hesiod's own practice, that their names had been Melete, "practicing", Mneme, "remembering", and Aoide, "singing".
  4. ^ Diodorus Siculus, 4.7.1-2 (on-line text)
  5. ^ Diodorus, Plutarch and Pausanias are all noted by Susan Scheinberg, in reporting other Hellenic maiden triads, in "The Bee Maidens of the Homeric Hymn to Hermes" Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, 83 (1979:1-28) p. 2.
  6. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses 5.677-78: "Now their previous eloquence also remained in the birds, as well as their strident chattering and their great zeal for speaking." See also (Antoninus Liberalis 9.
  7. ^ OED derives "amuse" from French a ("from") + muser, "to stare stupidly" or distractedly.
  8. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 9.29.1.
  9. ^ TheoiProject: Muses
  10. ^ Strabo 10.3.10.
  11. ^ Solon, fragment 13.
  12. ^ This is an ancient convention: the Mesopotamian epic Atra-Hasis is represented as dictated by the Goddess in a dream-vision.
  13. ^ "muse". The Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved February 15, 2009.
  14. ^ Robert Graves, The White Goddess, a historical grammar of poetic myth.
  15. ^ Smith, Patrick J., (1970) The Tenth Muse: A historical study of the opera libretto, New York, Alfred. A. Knopf
  16. ^ Shakespeare, Sonnet 38.

External links

See also


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Muse are a British rock band that was formed in Teignmouth, Devon, England in 1994.

Contents

From Songs

Showbiz (1999)

.
  • I'll be there as soon as I can but I'm busy mending broken pieces of the life I had before, Before you.^ Hopefully you'll find something in the list below that you can add to your own arsenal of marketing and business development strategies.

    ^ If you have sent a submission of poetry, art or prose before 1/10/10 I will review and respond as soon as possible.

    ^ Like when you realize there's a typo on your business card or a client asks you to set up a meeting.

    • "Unintended"

Absolution (2003)

.
  • This is the last time I'll abandon you and this is the last time I'll forget you, I wish I could.^ Last time I posed the question " What are you working on?

    ^ Writely accounts let you know I would say it's time capital last parade."
    • Revision3 > Not Mainstream Typical Videos > Episode 5: Muse 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC revision3.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • "Stockholm Syndrome"
  • You've got to be the best you've got to change the world and you use this chance to be heard, your time is now.^ Looking back at your post and it's time compared to mine, you are absolutely right and I apologize.
    • is it just me or.... [Archive] - Rock Band Forums 25 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.rockband.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ You accumulate yourself through the years and you get to a certain age where you’re like, you know I’ve made it this far, this feels good, and I’m doing what I love and now what?
    • A Muse with a View 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC www.amuseview.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I feel now is the best time to mention I will gladly take bribes in this battle both bribes to join one side and bribed to go away and join the other side :D ) .
    • is it just me or.... [Archive] - Rock Band Forums 25 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.rockband.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • "Butterflies & Hurricanes"

Black Holes & Revelations (2006)

.
  • Don't waste your time or time will waste you.^ And if you don't why waste your time posting a bunch of comments about it?
    • New Muse - "Uprising" - Album Art - Stereogum 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC stereogum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Looking back at your post and it's time compared to mine, you are absolutely right and I apologize.
    • is it just me or.... [Archive] - Rock Band Forums 25 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.rockband.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But at the same time, freelancing requires flexibility, so sometimes the goals you set at the beginning of the year just don’t make sense a few months in.

    .
    • "Knights Of Cydonia"
  • Why can't we see, that when we bleed we bleed the same?^ Knights of Cydonia should probably be slapped with this CD. I'm glad to see other people thought this song was embarrassing.
    • New Muse - "Uprising" - Album Art - Stereogum 17 January 2010 9:16 UTC stereogum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • "Map Of The Problematique"
  • Don't give up the fight, you will be alright, 'cause there's no one like you in the universe.^ Cause The One has no clue as to what should be done, .

    ^ Maybe in America they aren't so recognized because you guys are narrow minded and if the europeans don't bend over and take it up the @ss and do everything you want they have no chance to get play time there!!!
    • is it just me or.... [Archive] - Rock Band Forums 25 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.rockband.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If you don't like them, that's fine, I just want to say that I think they deserve to be in RB. .
    • is it just me or.... [Archive] - Rock Band Forums 25 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.rockband.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • "Invincible"
  • This ship is taking me far away, from the people who care if I live or die.
    • "Starlight"

The Resistance (2009)

  • We have to unify and watch our flag ascend.
    • "Uprising"
  • No religion or mind virus, is there a hope that the facts will never find us.
    • "Unnatural Selection"
  • And must we do as we're told?
    • United States Of Eurasia

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents
For other places with the same name, see Muse (disambiguation).
Muse is a small town in Le Flore county Oklahoma.

Get in

.Located along state hwy 63 that run east-west along the valley south of Talimena Drive.^ Various Artists // North/South/East/West (2009) .

  • For the Birds Cafe, Highway 63, '+1' 918-651-3412.  edit
Talimena Drive in the fall
Talimena Drive in the fall
  • Talimena Drive[1] from Talihina, Oklahoma to Mena, Arkansas 54 Mile scenic drive in Oklahoma and Arkansas along the ridge of the Ouachita Mountains and the Ouachita National Forest. The drive has frequent turnouts so you can enjoy the scenery. Convenient access to the drive near the mid-point can be accessed by taking Hwy 59 south.
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has articles on:
See also muse

Contents

English

Etymology

From Latin Musa.

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
Muse
Plural
Muses
Muse (plural Muses)
  1. One of the nine Ancient Greek deities of the arts.

Translations

Related terms

Anagrams


German

Noun

Muse (plural: Musen)
  1. A Muse (deity).
  2. A source of inspiration.

Simple English

For the British musical group of the same name, see Muse (band).
Or for the fruit called the Euterpe see Açaí palm.

]]

The Muses are goddesses representing different arts and sciences in Greek mythology. They are the daughters of Mnemosyne and Zeus.

Most commonly the Muses are:

  • Kalliope (or Calliope), the eldest and wisest, the muse of epic poetry, mother of Orpheus
  • Euterpe, the muse of music and lyric poetry. She loved flute playing, and some even say she invented the double flute. Euterpe had a son named Rhesus, who was killed in the battle at Troy, according to Homer's Iliad.
  • Klio (also Kleio or Clio), the muse of history
  • Erato, the muse of lyric/love poetry
  • Melpomene, the muse of tragedy
  • Polyhymnia, the muse of sacred poetry (hymn) and geometry
  • Terpsichore, the muse of dance
  • Thalia, the muse of comedy
  • Urania, the muse of astronomy and astrology

The word muse is also sometimes used for a person who inspires somebody else, or any other type of inspiring object. Muse can also be used to describe one's creative thoughts, such as poetry or a musical composition.

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 08, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Muse (band), which are similar to those in the above article.








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