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Coordinates: 23°8′25.36″N 113°15′22.15″E / 23.1403778°N 113.2561528°E / 23.1403778; 113.2561528

Western Han Nanyue King Museum
西汉南越王博物馆

Entrance
Established 1983
Location Guangzhou, China
Type Mausoleum
Curator Unknown

The Museum of the Tomb of the King of Southern Yue in Western Han Dynasty is a museum in Jiefangbei Road, Yuexue District, Guangzhou, southern China. With an area of 1,4000 sq. m, the tomb is the witness of Guangzhou’s history of over 2,000 years. It is well known for its well-preserved tomb and funerary antiquity from the Han Dynasty, as well as elegant and grand architecture from the Lingnan (south of the Nanling Mountain) area.

The owner of the tomb is the second king, King Wen of Nanyue of the Western Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-24 A.D.).

Contents

Layout

Hidden 20 meters (65.6 feet) underground, the tomb is made up of 750 huge stones with colorful murals. The over 1,000 pieces of cultural relics, bronzeware and terra cotta ware in particular, feature the Yue Culture of south China (Nanyue Culture). Represented also are traces of central Chinese culture, the Chu culture of south China, the Bashu culture of southwest China, the Hun culture from the northern grassland, and even foreign cultures.

The tomb was discovered in 1983, 20 meters under Xianggang Shan (Elephant Hill) in Guangzhou on a construction site for a hotel, and was excavated. The tomb measures 10.85 meters in length and 12.43 meters in width. It is divided in 7 parts, with a front chamber, east and west wing rooms, the main coffin chamber, east and west side rooms, and a back storage chamber.

Artefacts

The tomb has yielded more than 1,000 burial artefacts, a chariot, gold and silver vessels, musical instruments, and human sacrifices were found (15 courtiers were buried alive with him to serve him in death). It is also the only tomb of the early Western Han Dynasty that has murals on its walls.

The tomb also yielded the oldest imperial seal discovered in a Chinese tomb: the seal, with the name "Zhaomo", declared the royal corpse to be “Emperor Wen", indicating that he considered himself equal in rank to the Han ruler.

Alongside Chinese artifacts, pieces from the steppes, and Iranian and Hellenistic Central Asian regions have been found: a Persian silver box found in the tomb is the earliest imported product found to date in China.

A silk-jade garment made up of 2,291 pieces of jade is the spotlight of the mausoleum. It is acknowledged that jade garments with pieces connected by gold, silver, or copper are not uncommon. But this garment is unique for its jade pieces connected by silk which makes it the only one of its kind in the world. Nor are historical records available to verify other jade garments connected by silk thread. In addition, the style of buttons down the front is unique among unearthed jade garments. This silk-sewn-jade garment shows the early development of jade garments as well as development of the Nanyue culture.

Three sets of bronze serial bells, thirty-six bronze vessels, thirty-six bronze mirrors, and three gold seals is the historical thumb made by intellectual Nanyue people in China and well presents the Nanyue Culture.

[1] [2]

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ "Museum of the Western Han Dynasty Mausoleum of the Nanyue King". http://www.gzwh.gov.cn/whw/channel/whmc/bwg/nywmbwg/index.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-14.  
  2. ^ "History of Museum of the Western Han Dynasty Mausoleum of the Nanyue King". http://www.gznywmuseum.com/index_1.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-14.  
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Located in Jiefangbei Road, Yuexue District, Guangzhou, Museum of the Western Han Dynasty Mausoleum of the Nanyue King, with an area of 1,4000 sq. m, is the witness of Guangzhou’s history of more than 2000 years. It is well known across the China for its well-preserved original site of tomb and research-worthy funerary antiquity in Han Dynasty as well as the elegant and grand architecture in Lingnan (South of the Nanling Mountain) Area. The owner of the tomb is the second king, Zhao Mei of Nanyue State of the Western Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-24 A.D.). Hidden 20 meters (65.6 feet) underground, the tomb is made up of 750 huge stones with colorful murals. The over 1,000 pieces of cultural relics, bronze ware and terra cotta ware in particular, feature the Yue Culture of south China(Nanyue Culture). Represented also are traces of central Chinese culture, the Chu culture of south China, the Bashu culture of southwest China, the Hun culture from the northern grassland, and even foreign cultures.

A silk-jade garment made up of 2,291 pieces of jade is the spotlight of the Mausoleum. It is acknowledged that jade garments with pieces connected by gold, silver, or copper are not uncommon. But this garment is unique for its jade pieces connected by silk which makes it the only one of its kind in the world. Nor are historical records available to verify other jade garments connected by silk thread. In addition, the style of buttons down the front is unique among unearthed jade garments. This silk-sewn-jade garment shows the early development of jade garments as well as development of the Nanyue culture.

Three sets of bronze serial bells, thirty-six bronze vessels, thirty-six bronze mirrors, and three gold seals is the historical thumb made by intellectual Nanyue people in China and well presents the Nanyue Culture.

[1] [2]

References

  1. "Museum of the Western Han Dynasty Mausoleum of the Nanyue King". http://www.gzwh.gov.cn/whw/channel/whmc/bwg/nywmbwg/index.htm. Retrieved on 2008-02-14. 
  2. "History of Museum of the Western Han Dynasty Mausoleum of the Nanyue King". http://www.gznywmuseum.com/index_1.htm. Retrieved on 2008-02-14. 

External links


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