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A band performing traditional music at the Imperial Palace, Innsbruck

Vienna has been an important center of musical innovation. 18th and 19th century composers were drawn to the city due to the patronage of the Habsburgs, and made Vienna the European capital of classical music. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven and Johann Strauss II, among others, were associated with the city. During the Baroque period, Slavic and Hungarian folk forms influenced Austrian music. Vienna's status began its rise as a cultural center in the early 1500s, and was focused around instruments including the lute.

Contents

Yodel

Yodeling, a form of singing that involves rapid and repeated changes of register, was developed in the Alps. In Austria, it was called juchzn.

Schrammelmusik

The most popular form of modern Austrian folk music is Viennese schrammelmusik, which is played with an accordion and a double-necked guitar. Modern performers include Roland Neuwirth, Karl Hodina and Edi Reiser.

Schrammelmusik arose as a mixture of rural Austrian, Hungarian, Slovenian, Moravian and Bavarian immigrants crowded the slums of Vienna. At the time, waltzes and ländlers mixed with the music of the immigrants absorbing sounds from all over central and eastern Europe and the Balkans. The name Schrammelmusik comes from two of the most popular and influential performers in Schrammelmusik's history, brothers Johann and Josef Schrammel. The Schrammels formed a trio called along with bass guitarist Anton Strohmayer and helped bring the music to the middle- and upper-class Viennese, as well as people from surrounding areas. With the addition of a clarinetist, George Dänzer, they formed the Schrammel-Quartett, and Schrammelmusik's form settled on a quartet.

Neuwirth is a younger performer who has incorporated foreign influences, most especially the blues, to some criticism from purists.

Alpine New Wave

Alpunk (Alpine punk) is a genre of punk rock from the Alpine regions of Germany, Switzerland and Austria. Alpunk fuses the chaotic, energetic rhythms of punk music to the accordion-based folk music which the region is famous for.

Rock and Pop Music

Although Austria isn't exactly the most important supplier of international Rock and Pop-bands, there are a few outstanding musicians, most prominent are Falco, who had some Top 10 Hits in the US-Billboard charts, Opus, who made it in the charts worldwide as well, or Count Basic. In the last years several music groups did touring in Europe and had more or less commercial success in the international charts, most prominent are Christina Stürmer, who is quite successfully in Germany, Austria and Switzerland, SheSays, who supported Bryan Adams on his European tour and some other bands like AOR-rockers Cornerstone, who did touring through United Kingdom two times and heading for a mainly headlining-tour through United States in 2009.

Music from now

Recently in Vienna a lot of electronic music happening, new epicenter of culture e.g. Kruder & Dorfmeister

See also

External links

References

  • Wagner, Christopher. "The Alpunk Phenomenon". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 1: Africa, Europe and the Middle East, pp 7–12. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1-85828-636-0
  • Wagner, Christopher. "Soul Music of Old Vienna". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 1: Africa, Europe and the Middle East, pp 13–15. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1-85828-636-0
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