Music school: Wikis

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A university school of music or college of music, or academy of music or conservatoire (French, but used in British English) — also known as a conservatory (American and British English) or a conservatorium (Australian English) — is a higher education institution dedicated to teaching the art of music, including the playing of musical instruments, singing, musical composition, musicianship, musicology, music history and music theory.

Colleges of music and university schools of music are tertiary level institutions, and they may either be independent or part of a university. Many music schools originated as vocational training centers for would-be professional musicians, often outside the main academic structure. These institutions have retained an emphasis on performance into the 21st century, while also adopting a more formal academic approach. On the other hand there are university music departments, which originally placed more emphasis on academic study of music, but often place greater emphasis on performance now than they did in the past. The two groups overlap more than they used to, with the specific balance of vocational training and academic study varying from one institution to another.

Contents

College and university schools of music

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History

In the late 7th century, the Schola Cantorum, school of singers, was founded by the Roman Catholic Church, may be the first professional music school in history. Soon after, the Chinese Royal Academy was set up by Emperor Gaozu of Tang in the purpose to teach music, theater, and dance for court entertainment, being the first school to teach singing, instrumental performing, acting, and such.

Contemporary institutions

Some institutions have university status while others have vocational university status. University schools of music grant professional degrees. The time required to complete music degrees is generally not much different from degrees in other fields, i.e. 3-4 years for a Bachelor of Music degree, 2 years for a Master of Music degree, and 3 years for a Doctor of Musical Arts or Doctor of Music Degree. A Ph.D degree is usually gained for areas such as musicology, music theory, music composition, or music education. Some schools also offer a non-academic degree that is solely performance based, such as the A.D. or Artist Diploma; this may be offered at the undergraduate and/or graduate level. In addition, some schools may offer non-professional music-related degrees such as a Bachelor of Arts in Music or a Bachelor of Arts in Music Education.

The National Association of Schools of Music (NASM), is an accreditor for colleges or university schools of music in the United States of America. They currently accredit 610 institutions of higher learning.

The European Association of Conservatoires (AEC) is the main association of colleges or university schools of music in Europe.

Instruments and subjects

Most of the world's famous music colleges and conservatories like the Royal Academy of Music, London, the Paris Conservatoire, the Juilliard School of Music in New York and the Felix Mendelssohn College of Music and Theatre in Leipzig focus on Western art music (classical music). However, in non-European, non-Oceanic and non-American countries, especially Asian conservatories, traditional instruments may be offered as a principal study. An example is the Shanghai Conservatory of Music in Shanghai, China and other Chinese conservatories, where Chinese traditional instruments are taught.

Certain schools or conservatories may be exclusively focused on music, such as the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston and the Manhattan School of Music and Mannes College in New York City. Others may have one or more other focuses such as the Boston Conservatory which instructs in music, theatre, dance and music education.

Music schools by country

Notable music colleges, conservatories, and university music departments

See List of colleges and university schools of music

References

External links



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