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Mychal F. Judge
Born Robert Emmet Judge
May 11, 1933(1933-05-11)
Brooklyn, New York
Died September 11, 2001 (aged 68)
World Trade Center, New York City
Citizenship United States
Education St. Bonaventure University
Occupation Roman Catholic priest
Title Chaplain
Religious beliefs Roman Catholic

Mychal F. Judge, OFM (born Robert Emmet Judge on May 11, 1933; died September 11, 2001) was a Roman Catholic priest of the Franciscan Order of Friars Minor, Chaplain of the Fire Department of New York, and the first recorded victim of the September 11, 2001 attacks.

Contents

Early years

Judge was the son of Irish Catholic immigrants from County Leitrim, the firstborn of a pair of fraternal twins. With his twin sister Dympna, and his older sister Erin, he grew up in Brooklyn, N.Y. during the Great Depression. His lifelong affinity for the poor began at a young age; he often gave his only quarter to beggars on the street.

At the age of six, he watched his father die of a slow and painful illness. To compensate for his father's inability to work, Judge shined shoes at New York Penn Station from where he would visit St. Francis of Assisi Church on West 31st Street. Seeing the Franciscan friars there, "I realized that I didn't care for material things," he later said, "I knew then that I wanted to be a friar." [1].

Franciscan Order of Friars Minor

In 1948, at the age of 15, Judge began the formation process to enter the Franciscan community. He trained at three seminaries in NY, NJ, and NH before receiving his BA degree from St. Bonaventure University. He completed his training and was ordained a priest at Holy Name College in Washington, DC in 1961.[2] Upon entering the Order of Friars Minor, he took the religious name of Mychal.

From 1961 to 1986, Judge served at St. Anthony Shrine in Boston, St. Joseph parish in East Rutherford, NJ, Sacred Heart in Rochelle Park, NJ, and St. Joseph in West Milford, NJ. For three years he served as assistant to the president at Siena College in Loudonville, NY. In 1986, he was assigned to the Monastery of St. Francis of Assisi Church on West 31st Street, New York, where he lived and worked until his death in 2001.[3] Around 1971, Judge became an alcoholic, though he never showed obvious signs. In 1978, with the support of Alcoholics Anonymous, he became sober, and he continued to share his personal story of alcoholism to help others facing addiction.[4].

In 1992, Judge was appointed Chaplain of the Fire Department of New York. As Chaplain, he offered encouragement and prayers at fires, rescues, and hospitals, and he counseled firefighters and their families, often working 16 hour days. "His whole ministry was about love; Mychal loved the fire department and they loved him." [5]

In New York, Judge was also well known for ministering to the homeless, the hungry, recovering alcoholics, people with AIDS, the sick, injured, and grieving, immigrants, gays and lesbians, and those alienated by the Church.[6].

For example, Judge once gave the winter coat off his back to a homeless woman in the street, later saying, "She needed it more than me." When he anointed a man who was dying of AIDS, the man asked him, "Do you think God hates me?" Judge just picked him up, kissed him, and silently rocked him in his arms.[7]

Even before his death on 9/11, many considered Judge to be a living saint for his extraordinary works of charity and his deep spirituality. While praying, Judge would sometimes "become so lost in God, as if lost in a trance, that he'd be shocked to find several hours had passed." [8] "He achieved an extraordinary degree of union with the divine," said Judge's former spiritual director, Fr. John McNeill. "We knew we were dealing with someone directly in line with God." [9]

World Trade Center, September 11, 2001

Upon hearing the news that the World Trade Center had been hit, Judge rushed to the site. He was met by the Mayor of New York, Rudolph Giuliani, who asked him to pray for the city and its victims. Judge administered last rites to some lying on the streets, then entered the lobby of the World Trade Center north tower where an emergency command post was organized. There he continued offering aid and prayers for the rescuers, the injured and dead.

When the south tower collapsed at 9:59 AM, debris went flying through the north tower lobby, killing many inside, including Judge. At the moment he was struck in the head and killed, Judge was repeatedly praying aloud, "Jesus, please end this right now! God please end this!", according to Judge biographer and New York Daily News columnist Michael Daly.[10][11].

Shannon Stapleton, photographer from Reuters, photographed Judge's body being carried out of the rubble by five men: four uniformed and one non-uniformed. It became one of the most famous images related to 9/11. The Philadelphia Weekly reports the photograph being called an American Pietà.[12]

Judge's body was formally identified by NYPD Detective Steven McDonald, a longtime friend of Judge. Although some speculate that he died of a heart attack, the coroner found that Judge died of "blunt force trauma to the head".[13].

Mourning and honors

Father Judge's body bag was labeled "Victim 0001," recognized as the first official victim of the September 11, 2001 attacks. Former President Bill Clinton was among the 3,000 people who attended his funeral, held on September 15 at St. Francis of Assisi Church in Manhattan. It was presided over by Edward Cardinal Egan. Clinton said his death was "a special loss. We should live his life as an example of what has to prevail." Judge was buried at Holy Sepulchre Cemetery in Totowa, New Jersey.[14]

There have been calls within the Roman Catholic Church to canonize Judge to Sainthood.[15][16] While there is no indication that Rome is seriously considering this,[17] several churches independent of Rome, most notably the Orthodox Catholic Church of America, have declared him a saint.[18][19]

Some Catholic leaders recognize Judge as a de facto Saint.[20] Some assert that Mychal Judge has already been declared a saint by widespread acclamation of the faithful, as was the custom of the early Church.[21] There have been claims of miraculous healings through prayers to Judge.[22] Evidence of miracles is required for canonization to Sainthood in the Catholic Church.

Judge's helmet was presented to Pope John Paul II. France awarded him the Légion d'honneur. The U.S. Congress nominated him for a Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 2002, the City of New York renamed a portion of West 31st Street "Father Mychal F. Judge Street" [23], and christened a commuter boat "The Father Mychal Judge Ferry".[24]

A campaign has been started in Carlstadt, New Jersey to have a statue of Judge erected in its Memorial Park.[25] Alvernia University, a private independent college in the Franciscan tradition in Reading, Pennsylvania, named a new residence hall in honor of Judge.[26]

In 2002, the U.S. Congress passed The Father Mychal Judge Police and Fire Chaplains Public Safety Officers Benefit Act into law.[27] This was the first time the federal government ever extended equal benefits for same-sex couples, allowing the domestic partners of public safety officers killed in the line of duty to collect their federal death benefit.

In 2006 a film, The Saint of 9/11, directed by Glenn Holsten and narrated by Sir Ian McKellen, was released, celebrating Father Judge's life. The film includes testimonies of work colleagues and people who met him at different stages of his life.[28]

The Father Mychal Judge Walk of Remembrance takes place every year in New York around the 9/11 anniversary. It begins with a Mass at St. Francis Church on West 31st Street, then proceeds to the site of Ground Zero, retracing Judge's final journey and praying along the way.[29] Every September 11, there is also a Mass in memory of Mychal Judge in Boston, attended by many who lost family members on 9/11.[30]

Gay orientation and affiliations

Following his death a few of his friends and associates revealed that Father Judge was gay — as a matter of orientation rather than practice, as he was a celibate priest.[31][32] According to fire commissioner Thomas Von Essen: "I actually knew about his homosexuality when I was in the Uniformed Firefighters Association. I kept the secret, but then he told me when I became commissioner five years ago. He and I often laughed about it, because we knew how difficult it would have been for the other firefighters to accept it as easily as I had. I just thought he was a phenomenal, warm, sincere man, and the fact that he was gay just had nothing to do with anything." [33]

The revelations about Father Judge's sexual orientation were not without controversy, however. Dennis Lynch, a lawyer, wrote an article about Judge that appeared on the website catholic.org. Lynch claimed that the priest was not gay and that any attempt to define Judge as gay was due to "homosexual activists" who wanted to "attack the Catholic Church" and turn the priest into "a homosexual icon".[34] Others refuted Lynch’s claims with evidence that Judge did identify himself as gay, both to others and in his personal journals.[35][36]

Judge was a long-term member of Dignity, a Catholic LGBT activist organization that advocates for change in the Catholic Church's teaching on homosexuality.[37][38]

On October 1, 1986, the Vatican's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith issued an encyclical, On the Pastoral Care of Homosexual Persons,[39] which declared homosexuality to be a "strong tendency ordered toward an intrinsic moral evil".

In response, many bishops, including John Cardinal O'Connor, banned Dignity from diocesan churches under their control. Judge then welcomed Dignity's AIDS ministry to the Church of Saint Francis of Assisi, which is under the control of the Franciscan friars, thereby partially circumventing the Cardinal's ban of Dignity.[40].

Judge disagreed with the Vatican regarding homosexuality,[41] though by all accounts, he remained celibate. Judge often asked, "Is there so much love in the world that we can afford to discriminate against any kind of love?" [42]

References

  1. ^ pp. 7-19: Daly, Michael, The Book of Mychal: The Surprising Life and Heroic Death of Father Mychal Judge. St. Martin's Press (2008)
  2. ^ pp.23-33: Daly, Michael, Ibid (2008)
  3. ^ pp.37-77: Daly, Michael, Ibid (2008)
  4. ^ p. 62: Daly, Michael, Ibid (2008)
  5. ^ Saint of 9/11 (film) homepage spoken by Mychal McNichols in the film, Saint of 9/11 (2006)
  6. ^ pp. 107-139: Ford, Michael, Father Mychal Judge: An Authentic American Hero. Paulist Press (2002)
  7. ^ Saint of 9/11 film, Ibid (2006)
  8. ^ p. 320: Daly, Michael, Ibid (2008)
  9. ^ pp. 114-115: Ford, Michael, Ibid (2002)
  10. ^ NY Daily News, 2/11/02 "Judge stood alone at a plate-glass window overlooking the carnage and devastation. A Fire Department photographer heard him praying aloud, Jesus, please end this right now! God please end this!
  11. ^ p. 336: Daly, Michael, Ibid (2008)
  12. ^ Upward Christian Soldier Philadelphia Weekly.
  13. ^ p. 347: Daly, Michael, Ibid (2008)
  14. ^ "Newspaper Looks at Mychal Judge’s Final Resting Place". Holy Name Province of the Franciscan Friars. 2007-11-07. http://www.hnp.org/publications/hnp_today_view.cfm?iid=86&aid=1607. Retrieved 2008-04-14.   with photos.
  15. ^ Saint Mychal Judge website
  16. ^ Sainthood call for chaplain rises from Sept.11 ashes
  17. ^ Newman, Andy (2005-09-25). "Admirers of Fallen 9/11 Hero Disdain the Vatican's Likely Plan to Bar Gays as Priests". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/25/nyregion/25judge.html. Retrieved 2008-04-17.  
  18. ^ "Saints of the Orthodox Catholic Church of America". http://www.orthodoxcatholicchurch.org/saints.html.  
  19. ^ "St. Mychal Judge". St. Mychal the Martyr Parish. http://stmychalthemartyr.org/stmmj.html. Retrieved 2006-09-22.  
  20. ^ "Archbishop Timothy Dolan cites Mychal Judge among Saints". http://www.archny.org/news-events/news-press-releases/index.cfm?i=12039. Retrieved 2009-05-07. ""The Risen Christ is alive in consecrated religious, women and men, in whom Elizabeth Ann Seton, Frances Xavier Cabrini, and Mychal Judge find most worthy heirs…”"  
  21. ^ Is Mychal Judge a Saint?
  22. ^ The Making of Saint Mychal: USA Today
  23. ^ Father Mychal F. Judge Street
  24. ^ The Father Mychal Judge Ferry
  25. ^ "Sculpted from memories: Statue may be final Judge-ment". Leader (New Jersey). 2008-03-28. http://leadernewspapers.net/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=6652. Retrieved 2008-04-14.  
  26. ^ "Alvernia College: Undergraduate Housing". http://www.alvernia.edu/admissions/studentlife/housing.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-30. "Judge Hall, our newest residence hall built in 2005, is named in honor of the late Fr. Mychal Judge, a Franciscan priest who died while ministering to injured firefighters at the World Trade Center site on September 11, 2001."  
  27. ^ The Mychal Judge Act
  28. ^ Saint of 9/11 (film) homepage
  29. ^ Annual Father Mychal Judge Walk of Remembrance
  30. ^ Annual Father Mychal Judge Mass in Boston
  31. ^ Dahir, Mubarak (October 23, 2001), "Our Heroes" ( – Scholar search), The Advocate, http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1589/is_2001_Oct_23/ai_79236008/pg_2, retrieved 2007-10-24  
  32. ^ Cassels, Peter (2001-09-27). "Tributes keep flowing for NYC Fire Dept. chaplain Mychal Judge, one of those who died in the World Trade Center attacks". Bay Windows. http://www.tampabaycoalition.com/files/1003FatherMikeBW.htm. Retrieved 2004-04-16.  
  33. ^ Senior, Jennifer (November 12, 2001). "The Firemen's Friar". New York Magazine. http://newyorkmetro.com/nymetro/news/sept11/features/5372/index2.html. Retrieved 2006-09-14.  
  34. ^ A September 11th Hijacking
  35. ^ A Gay Saint in fact
  36. ^ pp. 86, 301-302: Daly, Michael, Ibid (2008)
  37. ^ Newman, Andy (2005-09-25). "Admirers of Fallen 9/11 Hero Disdain the Vatican's Likely Plan to Bar Gays as Priests". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/25/nyregion/25judge.html. Retrieved 2008-04-17.  
  38. ^ What is Dignity?
  39. ^ Letter to the Bishops of the Catholic Church on the Pastoral Care of Homosexual Persons
  40. ^ pp. 119-120: Ford, Michael, Ibid (2002)
  41. ^ p. 182: Ford, Michael, Ibid (2002)
  42. ^ p. 124: Ford, Michael, Ibid (2002)

Further reading

  • Ford, Michael (2002). Father Mychal Judge: An Authentic American Hero. Paulist Press. ISBN 0-8091-0552-7.  
  • Daly, Michael (2008). The Book of Mychal: The Surprising Life and Heroic Death of Father Mychal Judge. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-30150-2.  

External links


Mychal F. Judge
Born Robert Emmet Judge
May 11, 1933(1933-05-11)
Brooklyn, New York
Died September 11, 2001 (aged 68)
World Trade Center, New York City
Citizenship United States
Education St. Bonaventure University
Occupation Roman Catholic priest
Title Chaplain
Religious beliefs Roman Catholic

Mychal F. Judge, OFM (born Robert Emmet Judge on May 11, 1933; died September 11, 2001) was a Roman Catholic priest of the Franciscan Order of Friars Minor, Chaplain of the Fire Department of New York, and the first recorded victim of the September 11, 2001 attacks.

Contents

Early years

Judge was the son of Irish Catholic immigrants from County Leitrim, the firstborn of a pair of fraternal twins. With his twin sister Dympna, and his older sister Erin, he grew up in Brooklyn, N.Y. during the Great Depression. His lifelong affinity for the poor began at a young age; he often gave his only quarter to beggars on the street.

At the age of six, he watched his father die of a slow and painful illness. To compensate for his father's inability to work, Judge shined shoes at New York Penn Station from where he would visit St. Francis of Assisi Church on West 31st Street. Seeing the Franciscan friars there, "I realized that I didn't care for material things," he later said, "I knew then that I wanted to be a friar." [1].

Franciscan Order of Friars Minor

In 1948, at the age of 15, Judge began the formation process to enter the Franciscan community. He trained at three seminaries in NY, NJ, and NH before receiving his BA degree from St. Bonaventure University. He completed his training and was ordained a priest at Holy Name College in Washington, DC in 1961. [2] Upon entering the Order of Friars Minor, he took the religious name of Mychal.

From 1961 to 1986, Judge served at St. Anthony Shrine in Boston, St. Joseph parish in East Rutherford, NJ, Sacred Heart in Rochelle Park, NJ, and St. Joseph in West Milford, NJ. For three years he served as assistant to the president at Siena College in Loudonville, NY. In 1986, he was assigned to the Monastery of St. Francis of Assisi Church on West 31st Street, New York, where he lived and worked until his death in 2001. [3] Around 1971, Judge became an alcoholic, though he never showed obvious signs. In 1978, with the support of Alcoholics Anonymous, he became sober, and he continued to share his personal story of alcoholism to help others facing addiction.[4].

In 1992, Judge was appointed Chaplain of the Fire Department of New York. As Chaplain, he offered encouragement and prayers at fires, rescues, and hospitals, and he counseled firefighters and their families, often working 16 hour days. "His whole ministry was about love; Mychal loved the fire department and they loved him." [5]

In New York, Judge was also well known for ministering to the homeless, the hungry, recovering alcoholics, people with AIDS, the sick, injured, and grieving, immigrants, gays and lesbians, and those alienated by the Church.[6].

For example, Judge once gave the winter coat off his back to a homeless woman in the street, later saying, "She needed it more than me." When he anointed a man who was dying of AIDS, the man asked him, "Do you think God hates me?" Judge just picked him up, kissed him, and silently rocked him in his arms. [7]

Even before his death on 9/11, many considered Judge to be a living saint for his extraordinary works of charity and his deep spirituality. While praying, Judge would sometimes "become so lost in God, as if lost in a trance, that he'd be shocked to find several hours had passed." [8] "He achieved an extraordinary degree of union with the divine," said Judge's former spiritual director, Fr. John McNeill. "We knew we were dealing with someone directly in line with God." [9]

World Trade Center, September 11, 2001

Upon hearing the news that the World Trade Center had been hit by hijacked jetliners, Judge rushed to the site. He was met by the Mayor of New York, Rudolph Giuliani, who asked him to pray for the city and its victims. Judge administered last rites to some lying on the streets, then entered the lobby of the World Trade Center north tower where an emergency command post was organized. There he continued offering aid and prayers for the rescuers, the injured and dead.

When the south tower collapsed at 9:59 AM, debris went flying through the north tower lobby, killing many inside, including Judge. At the moment he was struck and killed, Judge was repeatedly praying aloud, "Jesus, please end this right now! God please end this!", according to Judge biographer and New York Daily News columnist Michael Daly. [10] [11].

Shannon Stapleton, photographer from Reuters, photographed Judge's body being carried out of the rubble by five men: four uniformed and one non-uniformed. It became one of the most famous images related to 9/11. The Philadelphia Weekly reports the photograph being called an American Pietà. [12]

Judge's body was formally identified by NYPD Detective Steven McDonald, a longtime friend of Judge. Although some speculate that he died of a heart attack, the coroner found that Judge died of "blunt force trauma to the head". [13].

Mourning and honors

Father Judge's body bag was labeled "Victim 0001," recognized as the first official victim of the September 11, 2001 attacks. Former President Bill Clinton was among the 3,000 people who attended his funeral, held on September 15 at St. Francis of Assisi Church in Manhattan. It was presided over by Archbishop Edward Egan. Clinton said his death was "a special loss. We should live his life as an example of what has to prevail." Judge was buried at Holy Sepulchre Cemetery in Totowa, New Jersey.[14]

There have been calls within the Roman Catholic Church to canonize Judge to Sainthood.[15][16] While there is no indication that Rome is seriously considering this,[17] several churches independent of Rome, most notably the Orthodox Catholic Church of America, have declared him a saint.[18][19]

Some Catholic leaders recognize Judge as a de facto Saint.[20] Some assert that Mychal Judge has already been declared a saint by widespread acclamation of the faithful, as was the custom of the early Church.[21] There have been claims of miraculous healings through prayers to Judge. [22] Evidence of miracles is required for canonization to Sainthood in the Catholic Church.

Judge's helmet was presented to Pope John Paul II. France awarded him the Légion d'honneur. The U.S. Congress nominated him for a Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 2002, the City of New York renamed a portion of West 31st Street "Father Mychal F. Judge Street" [23], and christened a commuter boat "The Father Mychal Judge Ferry". [24]

A campaign has been started in Carlstadt, New Jersey to have a statue of Judge erected in its Memorial Park.[25] Alvernia University, a private independent college in the Franciscan tradition in Reading, Pennsylvania, named a new residence hall in honor of Judge.[26]

In 2002, the U.S. Congress passed The Father Mychal Judge Police and Fire Chaplains Public Safety Officers Benefit Act into law. [27] This was the first time the federal government ever extended equal benefits for same-sex couples, allowing the domestic partners of public safety officers killed in the line of duty to collect their federal death benefit.

In 2006 a film, The Saint of 9/11, directed by Glenn Holsten and narrated by Sir Ian McKellen, was released, celebrating Father Judge's life. The film includes testimonies of work colleagues and people who met him at different stages of his life.[28]

The Father Mychal Judge Walk of Remembrance takes place every year in New York around the 9/11 anniversary. It begins with a Mass at St. Francis Church on West 31st Street, then proceeds to the site of Ground Zero, retracing Judge's final journey and praying along the way. [29] Every September 11, there is also a Mass in memory of Mychal Judge in Boston, attended by many who lost family members on 9/11. [30]

Gay orientation and affiliations

Following his death a few of his friends and associates revealed that Father Judge was gay — as a matter of orientation rather than practice, as he was a celibate priest.[31][32] According to fire commissioner Thomas Von Essen: "I actually knew about his homosexuality when I was in the Uniformed Firefighters Association. I kept the secret, but then he told me when I became commissioner five years ago. He and I often laughed about it, because we knew how difficult it would have been for the other firefighters to accept it as easily as I had. I just thought he was a phenomenal, warm, sincere man, and the fact that he was gay just had nothing to do with anything." [33]

The revelations about Father Judge's sexual orientation were not without controversy, however. Dennis Lynch, a lawyer, wrote an article about Judge that appeared on the website catholic.org. Lynch claimed that the priest was not gay and that any attempt to define Judge as gay was due to "homosexual activists" who wanted to "attack the Catholic Church" and turn the priest into "a homosexual icon".[34] Others refuted Lynch’s claims with evidence that Judge did identify himself as gay, both to others and in his personal journals. [35] [36]

Judge was a long-term member of Dignity, a Catholic LGBT activist organization that advocates for change in the Catholic Church's teaching on homosexuality.[37][38]

On October 1, 1986, the Vatican's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith issued an encyclical, On the Pastoral Care of Homosexual Persons,[39] which declared homosexuality to be a "strong tendency ordered toward an intrinsic moral evil".

In response, many bishops, including John Cardinal O'Connor, banned Dignity from diocesan churches under their control. Judge then welcomed Dignity's AIDS ministry to the Church of Saint Francis of Assisi, which is under the control of the Franciscan friars, thereby circumventing the Cardinal's ban of Dignity. [40].

Judge disagreed with the Vatican regarding homosexuality, [41] though by all accounts, he remained celibate. Judge often asked, "Is there so much love in the world that we can afford to discriminate against any kind of love?" [42]

References

  1. ^ pp. 7-19: Daly, Michael, The Book of Mychal: The Surprising Life and Heroic Death of Father Mychal Judge. St. Martin's Press (2008)
  2. ^ pp.23-33: Daly, Michael, Ibid (2008)
  3. ^ pp.37-77: Daly, Michael, Ibid (2008)
  4. ^ p. 62: Daly, Michael, Ibid (2008)
  5. ^ Saint of 9/11 (film) homepage spoken by Malachy McCourt in the film, Saint of 9/11 (2006)
  6. ^ pp. 107-139: Ford, Michael, Father Mychal Judge: An Authentic American Hero. Paulist Press (2002)
  7. ^ Saint of 9/11 film, Ibid (2006)
  8. ^ p. 320: Daly, Michael, Ibid (2008)
  9. ^ pp. 114-115: Ford, Michael, Ibid (2002)
  10. ^ NY Daily News, 2/11/02 "Judge stood alone at a plate-glass window overlooking the carnage and devastation. A Fire Department photographer heard him praying aloud, Jesus, please end this right now! God please end this!
  11. ^ p. 336: Daly, Michael, Ibid (2008)
  12. ^ Upward Christian Soldier Philadelphia Weekly.
  13. ^ p. 347: Daly, Michael, Ibid (2008)
  14. ^ "Newspaper Looks at Mychal Judge’s Final Resting Place". Holy Name Province of the Franciscan Friars. 2007-11-07. http://www.hnp.org/publications/hnp_today_view.cfm?iid=86&aid=1607. Retrieved on 2008-04-14.  with photos.
  15. ^ Saint Mychal Judge website
  16. ^ Sainthood call for chaplain rises from Sept.11 ashes
  17. ^ Newman, Andy (2005-09-25). "Admirers of Fallen 9/11 Hero Disdain the Vatican's Likely Plan to Bar Gays as Priests". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/25/nyregion/25judge.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-17. 
  18. ^ "Saints of the Orthodox Catholic Church of America". http://www.orthodoxcatholicchurch.org/saints.html. 
  19. ^ "St. Mychal Judge". St. Mychal the Martyr Parish. http://stmychalthemartyr.org/stmmj.html. Retrieved on 2006-09-22. 
  20. ^ "Archbishop Timothy Dolan cites Mychal Judge among Saints". http://www.archny.org/news-events/news-press-releases/index.cfm?i=12039. Retrieved on 2009-05-07. ""The Risen Christ is alive in consecrated religious, women and men, in whom Elizabeth Ann Seton, Frances Xavier Cabrini, and Mychal Judge find most worthy heirs…”" 
  21. ^ Is Mychal Judge a Saint?
  22. ^ The Making of Saint Mychal: USA Today
  23. ^ Father Mychal F. Judge Street
  24. ^ The Father Mychal Judge Ferry
  25. ^ "Sculpted from memories: Statue may be final Judge-ment". Leader (New Jersey). 2008-03-28. http://leadernewspapers.net/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=6652. Retrieved on 2008-04-14. 
  26. ^ "Alvernia College: Undergraduate Housing". http://www.alvernia.edu/admissions/studentlife/housing.htm. Retrieved on 2008-04-30. "Judge Hall, our newest residence hall built in 2005, is named in honor of the late Fr. Mychal Judge, a Franciscan priest who died while ministering to injured firefighters at the World Trade Center site on September 11, 2001." 
  27. ^ The Mychal Judge Act
  28. ^ Saint of 9/11 (film) homepage
  29. ^ Annual Father Mychal Judge Walk of Remembrance
  30. ^ Annual Father Mychal Judge Mass in Boston
  31. ^ Dahir, Mubarak (October 23, 2001), "Our Heroes" ([dead link]Scholar search), The Advocate, http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1589/is_2001_Oct_23/ai_79236008/pg_2, retrieved on 2007-10-24 
  32. ^ Cassels, Peter (2001-09-27). "Tributes keep flowing for NYC Fire Dept. chaplain Mychal Judge, one of those who died in the World Trade Center attacks". Bay Windows. http://www.tampabaycoalition.com/files/1003FatherMikeBW.htm. Retrieved on 2004-04-16. 
  33. ^ Senior, Jennifer (November 12,2001). "The Firemen's Friar". New York Magazine. http://newyorkmetro.com/nymetro/news/sept11/features/5372/index2.html. Retrieved on 2006-09-14. 
  34. ^ A September 11th Hijacking
  35. ^ A Gay Saint in fact
  36. ^ pp. 86, 301-302: Daly, Michael, Ibid (2008)
  37. ^ Newman, Andy (2005-09-25). "Admirers of Fallen 9/11 Hero Disdain the Vatican's Likely Plan to Bar Gays as Priests". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/25/nyregion/25judge.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-17. 
  38. ^ What is Dignity?
  39. ^ Letter to the Bishops of the Catholic Church on the Pastoral Care of Homosexual Persons
  40. ^ pp. 119-120: Ford, Michael, Ibid (2002)
  41. ^ p. 182: Ford, Michael, Ibid (2002)
  42. ^ p. 124: Ford, Michael, Ibid (2002)

Further reading

  • Ford, Michael (2002). Father Mychal Judge: An Authentic American Hero. Paulist Press. ISBN 0-8091-0552-7. 
  • Daly, Michael (2008). The Book of Mychal: The Surprising Life and Heroic Death of Father Mychal Judge. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-30150-2. 

External links








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