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Mykola Azarov
Микола Азаров


Incumbent
Assumed office 
11 March 2010
President Viktor Yanukovych
Deputy Andrii Kliuyev
Preceded by Oleksandr Turchynov (Acting)
In office
5 January 2005 – 25 January 2005
Acting
President Leonid Kuchma
Preceded by Viktor Yanukovych
Succeeded by Yulia Tymoshenko
In office
7 December 2004 – 28 December 2004
Acting
President Leonid Kuchma
Preceded by Viktor Yanukovych
Succeeded by Viktor Yanukovych

Born 17 December 1947 (1947-12-17) (age 62)
Kaluga, Soviet Union (now Russia)
Political party Party of Regions
Spouse(s) Liudmyla Azarova
Alma mater Lomonosov Moscow State University
Website Official website

Mykola Yanovych Azarov (Ukrainian: Микола Янович Азаров, Mykola Yanovych Azarov; born Nikolai Yanovich Pakhlo (Russian: Николай Янович Пахло) on 17 December 1947) is a Ukrainian politician who has been the Prime Minister of Ukraine since 11 March 2010. He was the First Vice Prime Minister and Finance Minister from 2002 to 2005 and again from 2006 to 2007, and he also served as acting Prime Minister for two short periods in late 2004 and early 2005. Following the victory of Viktor Yanukovych in the 2010 presidential election, Azarov succeeded Yanukovych as leader of the Party of Regions, and he was appointed as Prime Minister in March 2010.[1][2]

Contents

Early life and career

Azarov was born in Kaluga in the Russian SFSR, Soviet Union, to Yan Robertovich Pakhlo and Yekaterina Kvasnikova (Azarova). He attended the Moscow State University where he earned his doctorate in geology and mineralogy. Dr. Azarov moved to Donetsk on a permanent basis in 1984.

Political career

Azarov served as the head of the budgetary committee of the Verkhovna Rada (parliament) in 1995–1997. He also was a long-term (1996–2002) head of the state tax administration. Along with the deceased minister Kyrpa, Dr. Azarov managed to maintain very close ties with Kuchma throughout the two presidential terms of the latter.

A technocrat rather than a politician, Dr. Azarov was appointed first deputy prime minister and finance minister in late November 2002, when the Cabinet of Viktor Yanukovych took office. During Yanukovich-Azarov governing the set of economic reforms was implemented including fiscal, tax, pensionary, regulatory reforms. Annual growth of GDP achieved 9.6% in 2003 and 12.1% in 2004 (cf. 2.7% in 2005), capital investments 31.3% and 28.0% (cf. 1.9% in 2005) correspondingly.

Azarov first served as acting prime minister from 7 December 2004 to 28 December 2004, after Yanukovych was put on vacation leave by President Kuchma in the midst of the presidential elections crisis. After the runoff, Yanukovych attempted to resume his duties as prime minister, but effectively unable to do so, announced his resignation on 31 December 2004. The Cabinet was officially dismissed on 5 January 2005, and Azarov was named acting prime minister again. He served in that position until shortly after the inauguration of Viktor Yushchenko. He was replaced on 24 January 2005, by Yulia Tymoshenko.

Azarov has remained a strong political ally of Yanukovych, and is a member of Parliament for his Party of Ukrainian Regions. When Yanukovych became prime minister again on 4 August 2006, Azarov was nominated to be the first deputy prime minister and the finance minister.

Following his election as President of Ukraine[3][4] Yanukovych offered three candidates for Prime Minister on 21 February 2010: Sergiy Tigipko, Our Ukraine faction member Arseniy Yatsenyuk and Azarov.[3]

The Verkhovna Rada appointed Azarov Prime Minister of Ukraine on 11 March 2010.[5][6] Of the 343 lawmakers registered in the session hall, 242 voted in favor of the appointment.[5]

Cultural and political image

Azarov speaks Ukrainian poorly.[7][8] Nevertheless he assured his constituents in early March 2010 that his government will be speaking Ukrainian.[8] In a 11 March 2010 article the UK daily The Guardian labelled him the most Russophile member of the new cabinet. In the same article an anonymous Ukrainian official noted "He's extremely boring and anti-populist".[9]

References

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Viktor Yanukovych
Prime Minister of Ukraine
Acting

2004
Succeeded by
Viktor Yanukovych
Prime Minister of Ukraine
Acting

2005
Succeeded by
Yulia Tymoshenko
Preceded by
Stanislav Stashevsky
Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Oleksandr Turchynov
Preceded by
Viktor Pynzenyk
Minister of Finance
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Viktor Pynzenyk
Preceded by
Oleksandr Turchynov
Acting
Prime Minister of Ukraine
2010–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
New office Leader of the Party of Regions
2001
Succeeded by
Volodymyr Semynozhenko
Preceded by
Viktor Yanukovych
Leader of the Party of Regions
2010
Succeeded by
Oleksandr Yefremov
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