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Mykolaiv Oblast
Миколаївська область
Mykolaivs’ka oblast’
Flag of Mykolaiv Oblast Coat of arms of Mykolaiv Oblast
Flag Coat of arms
Nickname: Миколаївщина  (Ukrainian)
Mykolaivshchyna  (transliteration)
Map of Ukraine with Mykolaiv Oblast highlighted
Location of Mykolaiv Oblast (red) on the map of Ukraine (blue).
Administrative center Mykolaiv
Largest cities
Governor Oleksiy Harkusha[1]
Oblast council
 – Chairman Tetiana Vasylivna Demchenko (Party of Regions)
 – № of seats  ?
Established
Subdivisions
 – Raions 19
 – Cities of oblast subordinance 5
 – Cities (total) 9
 – Towns 20
 – Villages 900
Area  Ranked 14th
 – Total 24,598 km²
 – Land  ? km² 
 – Water  ? (?%)
Population  Ranked 18th
 – Total (2006) 1,217,103
 – Density 50 p/ km² 
 – Average salary  UAH ? (?%)
Time zone EET +2
 – Summer (DST) EEST +3
Abbreviations
 – Postal code 54000-56999
 – ISO 3166-2 UA-48
 – FIPS 10-4 UP16
 – Telephone code +380-51
 – Licence plate
Official website [1]
Verkhovna Rada site

Mykolaiv Oblast (Ukrainian: Миколаївська область, translit. Mykolayivs’ka oblast’; also referred to as Mykolaivshchyna - Ukrainian: Миколаївщина) is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Mykolayiv.

Contents

Geography

The Mykoliav Oblast is located in the southern half of Ukraine. Its area (24,600 km²), comprises about 4.07% of the total area of Ukraine.

The Mykolaiv Oblast borders upon the Odessa Oblast in the west-southwest, the Kirovohrad Oblast in the north, the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast in the northeast, and the Kherson Oblast on the southeast.

On the south the obalst' is also bordered by the Black Sea. On the shoreline, there are several ports and the Mykolaiv International Airport.

Points of interest

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

  • Olbia
  • Dykiy sad (Wild Garden)

Demographics

The current estimated population is 1.2 million people (as of 2005). The greater part of the oblast's population resides in urban type settlements (66%), with the remainder residing in agricultural areas. Also, almost 60% of the urban population resides in Mykolayiv, the industrial, cultural and administrative center of Mykolayiv Oblast.

The oblast's population density is one of the lowest in Ukraine – 52 people per 1 km². The oblast' is ranked 18 by the percentage of the population of Ukraine, that the Mykolaiv Oblast contain, which os 2.6%.

Administrative divisions

The Mykolaiv Oblast formed in September 1937. It is subdivided into: 19 raions (administrative districts), and 5 of its cities are designated as separate raions within the oblast.

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Mykolaiv Oblast:

  • Administrative Center - 1 (Mykolaiv)
  • Raions — 19;
  • City raions — 4;
  • Settlements — 922, including:
    • Villages — 896;
    • Cities/Towns — 26, including:
      • Urban-type settlement — 17;
      • Cities — 9, including:
        • Cities of oblast' subordinance — 5;
        • Cities of raion subordinance — 4;
  • Selsovets — 287.

The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast' is the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Nomenclature

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Mykolaiv is the center of the Mykolaivs’ka oblast’ (Mykolaiv Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Mykolaiv Oblast, Mykolaivshchyna.

See also

References

External links


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