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Myrsine family
Hilo Holly (Ardisia crenata)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Myrsinaceae
R.Br.
Genera

See text.

Myrsinaceae, or the Myrsine family, is a rather large family from the order Ericales. It consists of 35 genera and about 1000 species.

It is a widespread family belonging to temperate to tropical climates extending north to Europe, Siberia, Japan, Mexico and Florida, and south to New Zealand, South America, and South Africa.

They are mostly mesophytic trees and shrubs; a few are lianas or sub-herbaceous. The leathery, evergreen leaves are simple and alternate, with smooth margins and without stipules. They are often dotted with glands and resinous cavities. The latter may take the form of secretory lines.

The plants are mostly monoecious, but a few are dioecious. The small flowers are arranged in racemose terminal clusters, or in the leaf axils. The flowers are 4- merous or 5-merous, i.e they have 4 or 5 sepals and petals. The floral envelope (= perianth) has a distinct calyx and corolla. The calyx is regular and polysepalous. The non-fleshy petals of the corolla are more or less united, closely overlapping. There are 4 or 5 stamens, usually isomerous with the perianth. The carpel has one style and one stigma, with the ovary unilocular, superior or semi-inferior.

The one-seeded, indehiscen fruit is a thin-fleshed berry or drupe.

North-American species are the Marlberry (Ardisia escalloniodes) and the Florida Rapanea (Rapanea punctata).

Plants in the Myrsine family have few economic uses. A few genera, such as Ardisia, Cyclamen, Lysimachia, and Myrsine are grown as ornamental plants, especially Ardisia crispa and Myrsine africana. One species, Ardisia japonica (Chinese: 紫金牛; pinyin: zǐjīn niú) is one of the 50 fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese medicine.

In the APG III system, Myrsinaceae was not recognized, but was sunk into Primulaceae, which in that system is circumscribed very broadly.

Genera

The following genera, traditionally categorized in Primulaceae s.l., should, according to Källersjö et al. (2000), belong to the clade of Myrsinaceae s. lat. : Anagallis, Ardisiandra, Asterolinon , Coris, Cyclamen, Glaux , Lysimachia, Pelletiera and Trientalis .

References

  • Källersjö, M., G. Bergqvist & A. A. Anderberg (2000). "Generic realignment in primuloid families of the Ericales s. l.: a phylogenetic analysis based on DNA sequences from three chloroplast genes and morphology". Amer. J. Bot. 87: 1325–1341. doi:10.2307/2656725. 
  • Ulrika Manns and Arne A. Anderberg (2005). "Molecular Phylogeny of Anagallis (Myrsinaceae) Based on ITS, trnL-F, and ndhF Sequence Data". International Journal of Plant Sciences 166: 1019–1028. doi:10.1086/449318. 
  • Arne A. Anderberg, Bertil Stahl, Mari Kallersjo (May 2000). "Maesaceae, a New Primuloid Family in the Order Ericales s.l". Taxon 49 (2): 183–187. doi:10.2307/1223834. 
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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Nuvola apps important.svg The status, affinity, scope or nomenclature of this taxon is disputed.

Please see discussion on the talk page.

Ardisia polycephala

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Unassigned Asterids
Ordo: Ericales
Familia: Myrsinaceae
Genera: Abromeitia - Aegiceras - Amblyanthopsis - Amblyanthus - Antistrophe - Ardisia - Badula - Conandrium - Ctenardisia - Cybianthus - Discocalyx - Elingamita - Embelia - Emblemantha - Fittingia - Geissanthus - Gentlea - Graphardisia - Grenacheria - Heberdenia - Hymenandra - Labisia - Loheria - Monoporus - Myrsine - Oncostemum - Parathesis - Pleiomeris - Rapanea - Sadiria - Solonia - Stylogyne - Tapeinosperma - Tetrardisia - Trientalis - Valerioanthus - Vegaea - Walleniella - Yunckeria

Name

Myrsinaceae R. Br.

Synonyms

Vernacular names

Русский: Мирсиновые

References

  • Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 6, May 2005. [1]
  • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Vascular Plant Families and Genera[2]
  • Anderberg A.A., B. Ståhl and M. Källersjö. 2000. Maesaceae, a new primuloid family in the order Ericales s.l. Taxon 49:183-187.

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