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N. Katherine Hayles

Born 16 December 1943
Occupation Professor
Nationality United States
Genres Electronic literature
American postmodern literature
Notable work(s) How We Became Posthuman (1999)

N. Katherine Hayles (born 16 December 1943) is a postmodern literary critic, particularly in the fields of literature and science, electronic literature, and American literature.[1] She is a professor in the Program in Literature at Duke University.



Hayles was born in Saint Louis, Missouri to Edward and Thelma Bruns. She received her B.S. in Chemistry from the Rochester Institute of Technology in 1966, and her M.S. in Chemistry from the California Institute of Technology in 1969. She worked as a research chemist in 1966 at Xerox Corporation and as a chemical research consultant Beckman Instrument Company from 1968-1970. Hayles then switched fields and received her M.A. in English Literature from Michigan State University in 1970, and her Ph.D. in English Literature from the University of Rochester in 1977.[2] She is a social and literary critic.


Her scholarship focuses upon the "relations between science, literature, and technology."[3][4] Hayles has taught at UCLA, University of Iowa, University of Missouri–Rolla, the California Institute of Technology, and Dartmouth College.[2] She was the faculty director of the Electronic Literature Organization from 2001-2006.[5]

Selected awards

  • Writing Machines: Susanne Langer Award for Outstanding Scholarship
  • How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature and Informatics: René Wellek Prize for the best book in literary theory for 1998–1999
  • Eby Award for Distinction in Undergraduate Teaching, UCLA, 1999
  • Luckman Distinguished Teaching Award, UCLA, 1999
  • Bellagio Residential Fellowship, Rockefeller Foundation, 1999
  • Distinguished Scholar Award, University of Rochester, 1998
  • Medal of Honor, University of Helsinki, 1997
  • Distinguished Scholar Award, International Association of Fantastic in the Arts, 1997
  • "A Guggenheim Fellowship, two NEH Fellowships, a Rockefeller Residential Fellowship at Bellagio, a fellowship at the National Humanities Center and two Presidential Research Fellowships from the University of California."[6]

Selected bibliography



  • Electronic Literature: New Horizons for the Literary, 2008 [7]
  • My Mother Was a Computer: Digital Subjects and Literary Texts, 2005 [8]
  • Nanoculture: Implications of the New Technoscience (ed.), 2004 [9]
  • Writing Machines, 2002 [10]
  • How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature and Informatics, 1999 [11]
  • Technocriticism and Hypernarrative. A special issue of Modern Fiction Studies 43, no. 3, Fall 1997 (guest editor)
  • Chaos and Order:Complex Dynamics in Literature and Science. (ed.), 1991
  • Chaos Bound: Orderly Disorder in Contemporary Literature and Science, 1990
  • The Cosmic Web: Scientific Field Models and Literary Strategies in the Twentieth Century, 1984

Book chapters

  • 'The Time of Digital Poetry: From Object to Event,' in New Media Poetics: Contexts, Technotexts, and Theories, Morris, Adalaide, and Thomas Swiss, eds. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2006.
  • 'The life cycle of cyborgs: writing the posthuman.' In The Cyborg Handbook, Gray, Chris Hables (ed.) New York: Routledge, 1996. Also available in Cybersexualities, Wolmark, Jenny (ed.) Edinburgh: Edinburgh Univ. Press, 2000.



See also



External links


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