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N700 series
JRC N700 series Z28.jpg
JR Central N700 series set Z28 on the Sanyō Shinkansen, April 2009
In service 2007–Present
Manufacturer Hitachi Ltd., Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Nippon Sharyo
Replaced 300 series
Constructed 2005–
Number under construction (97+ sets on order)
Number built 792 vehicles (50 sets)
Number in service 784 vehicles (49 sets) (as of Aug 2009)[1]
Formation 8/16 cars per trainset
Capacity Tōkaidō/Sanyō 16-car sets (N, Z)
1,323 (200 Green + 1,123 Standard)
Sanyō/Kyūshū 8-car sets (S)
546 (24 Green + 522 Standard)
Operator JR Central, JR West
Depot(s) Tokyo, Hakata, Osaka
Line(s) served Tōkaidō Shinkansen, Sanyō Shinkansen
Car body construction Aluminium
Car length 25,000 mm (intermediate cars), 27,350 mm (end cars)
Width 3,360 mm
Height 3,600 mm, 3,500 mm (end cars)
Maximum speed 270 km/h (Tōkaidō), 300 km/h (Sanyō)
Weight 715 t (16-car set)[2]
Acceleration 2.6 km/(h·s)
Traction system 56 x 305 kW
Power output 17.08 MW
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC, 60 Hz
Current collection method overhead catenary
Safety system(s) Automatic Train Control
Gauge 1,435 mm

The N700 series (N700系?) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train with tilting capability developed jointly by JR Central and JR West for use on the Tōkaidō and Sanyō Shinkansen lines.

N700 series trains have a maximum speed of 300 km/h (186 mph), and tilting of up to one degree allows the trains to maintain 270 km/h even on 2,500 m radius curves that previously had a maximum speed of 255 km/h. Another feature of the N700 is that it accelerates quicker than other shinkansen trains, with an acceleration rate of 2.6 km/(h·s). This enables it to reach 270 km/h in only three minutes. Because of these improvements, trains can travel between Tokyo and Osaka on a Nozomi run in as little as 2 hours and 25 minutes (5 minutes faster than before).

N700 series trains are presently replacing 300, 500 and 700 series-operated Nozomi runs on a regular basis. By the end of February 2009, the N700 will be responsible for 74 Nozomi services per day.[3]

All Nozomi through runs (over the full route between Tokyo and Hakata) are scheduled to use the N700 exclusively by 2009. By 2011, all regularly-scheduled Nozomi services, including runs limited only to the Tokaido Shinkansen, will be operated by the N700.[4]

The N700 is also used on select Hikari services during the day, as well as some early-morning and late-night Kodama runs between Tokyo and Mishima/Hamamatsu.




16-car Z sets

The prototype 16-car train (Z0) was delivered in March 2005 for extensive testing and endurance running. Cars 1 to 4 were built by Hitachi Ltd., cars 5 to 14 were built by Nippon Sharyo, and cars 15 and 16 were built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries.[5]

The first full-production Z set (Z1) was delivered to JR Central in April 2007, and trains entered revenue service on 1 July 2007, with eight daily Nozomi service runs.

The prototype set Z0 remains as a JR Central test train with cars numbered in the -9000 series, and is not used in revenue service.

16-car N sets (N700-3000 series)

JR West N700 series set N3 on the Sanyō Shinkansen, April 2009

The 16-car N sets are operated by JR West on Tōkaidō and Sanyō Shinkansen services. The first set, N1, was delivered in June 2007, entering service on 1 July 2007.[5]

8-car S sets (N700-7000 series)

First N700-7000 series set, S1, on a test run on the Sanyō Shinkansen, April 2009

The N700-7000 series variant are 8-car sets on order by JR West and JR Kyushu for use on through-running Sakura services between Shin-Osaka and Kagoshima-Chūō on the Kyushu Shinkansen from spring 2011.[6] The first set (S1) was delivered to Hakata Depot in October 2008. These trains do not feature the tilting mechanism of the earlier N700 trains.[7]

External livery is shiraai (白藍?) pale blue intended to evoke the colour of traditional porcelain with indigo and gold bodyside lining.[6]


These sets feature a Green car saloon in half of one car (car 6) consisting of 24 seats (6 rows) arranged in 2+2 abreast configuration with 480 mm wide seats and a seat pitch of 1,160 mm. Cars 4 to 8 (including half of car 6) are designated as "reserved seating" cars with 2+2 abreast configuration, 465 mm wide seats and a seat pitch of 1,040 mm. Cars 1 to 3 are "non-reserved seating" cars with 2+3 abreast configuration, 440 mm wide seats (460 mm in middle of 3-seat row) and a seat pitch of 1,040 mm.[6]

N700-I Bullet

This is a proposed export version of the N700 series design announced by JR Central Chairman Yoshiyuki Kasai at an international high-speed railway symposium held in Nagoya on 16 November 2009.[8] Nominally specified as an 8-car set with a maximum operating speed of 330 km/h, the train can be configured in lengths from 6 to 15 cars to suit customer requirements.[9]

High-speed trials

On 16 November 2009, JR Central conducted a late-night high-speed demonstration run using N700 series trainset Z0, recording a maximum speed of 332 km/h on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen between Maibara and Kyoto. The high-speed run was conducted as a demonstration for approximately 160 international guests attending a high-speed railway symposium in Nagoya.[10][11]

See also


  1. ^ "新幹線最前線2010". Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Kōyūsha) 49 (584): p.9-57. December 2009. 
  2. ^ Japan Railfan Magazine, August 2007 issue: "N700系量産車", p.13-20
  3. ^ "Winter 2008/2009 Train Schedule Update (JR Central)". 17 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  4. ^ "N700 Series Delivery Schedule". 26 September 2007.$FILE/n700.pdf. Retrieved 2007-10-01. 
  5. ^ a b JR電車編成表 2009夏 (JR EMU Formations - Summer 2009). Japan: JRR. June 2009. ISBN 978-4-330-06909-8. 
  6. ^ a b c JR Kyushu: "新幹線の列車名決定!!" Retrieved on 26 February 2009. (Japanese)
  7. ^ Japan Railfan Magazine, December 2008 issue: "山陽・九州新幹線直通用車両 量産先行車", p.64-67
  8. ^ Kobayashi, Seiichi (8 December 2009), "Bullet train export a JR Tokai priority" (in English), Asahi Shimbun,, retrieved 15 December 2009 
  9. ^ "N700-I Bulletを紹介". Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 39 (309): p.36. January 2010. 
  10. ^ "東海道新幹線、332キロで試験運転 各国関係者にPR" (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun (Japan). 17 November 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2009. 
  11. ^ "Foreign rail interests given high-speed run" (in English). The Japan Times (Japan). 18 November 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2009. 

External links


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