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Nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic, calcineurin-dependent 1

PDB rendering based on 1a66.
Available structures
1a66, 1nfa
Symbols NFATC1; MGC138448; NF-ATC; NFAT2; NFATc
External IDs OMIM600489 MGI102469 HomoloGene32336 GeneCards: NFATC1 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE NFATC1 209664 x at tn.png
More reference expression data
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 4772 18018
Ensembl ENSG00000131196 ENSMUSG00000033016
UniProt O95644 Q8R4E2
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_006162 NM_016791
RefSeq (protein) NP_006153 NP_058071
Location (UCSC) Chr 18:
75.26 - 75.39 Mb
Chr 18:
80.8 - 80.88 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NFATC1 gene.[1]

The product of this gene is a component of the nuclear factor of activated T cells DNA-binding transcription complex. This complex consists of at least two components: a preexisting cytosolic component that translocates to the nucleus upon T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation, and an inducible nuclear component. Proteins belonging to this family of transcription factors play a central role in inducible gene transcription during immune response. The product of this gene is an inducible nuclear component. It functions as a major molecular target for the immunosuppressive drugs such as cyclosporin A. Five transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene. Different isoforms of this protein may regulate inducible expression of different cytokine genes.[2]



NFATC1 has been shown to interact with PIM1.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Northrop JP, Ho SN, Chen L, Thomas DJ, Timmerman LA, Nolan GP, Admon A, Crabtree GR (Jul 1994). "NF-AT components define a family of transcription factors targeted in T-cell activation". Nature 369 (6480): 497–502. doi:10.1038/369497a0. PMID 8202141.  
  2. ^ "Entrez Gene: NFATC1 nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic, calcineurin-dependent 1".  
  3. ^ Rainio, Eeva-Marja; Sandholm Jouko, Koskinen Päivi J (Feb. 2002). "Cutting edge: Transcriptional activity of NFATc1 is enhanced by the Pim-1 kinase". J. Immunol. (United States) 168 (4): 1524–7. ISSN 0022-1767. PMID 11823475.  

Further reading

  • Rao A, Luo C, Hogan PG (1997). "Transcription factors of the NFAT family: regulation and function.". Annu. Rev. Immunol. 15: 707–47. doi:10.1146/annurev.immunol.15.1.707. PMID 9143705.  
  • Crabtree GR (1999). "Generic signals and specific outcomes: signaling through Ca2+, calcineurin, and NF-AT.". Cell 96 (5): 611–4. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)80571-1. PMID 10089876.  
  • Horsley V, Pavlath GK (2002). "NFAT: ubiquitous regulator of cell differentiation and adaptation.". J. Cell Biol. 156 (5): 771–4. doi:10.1083/jcb.200111073. PMID 11877454.  
  • Tolstrup M, Ostergaard L, Laursen AL, et al. (2004). "HIV/SIV escape from immune surveillance: focus on Nef.". Curr. HIV Res. 2 (2): 141–51. doi:10.2174/1570162043484924. PMID 15078178.  
  • Li X, Ho SN, Luna J, et al. (1995). "Cloning and chromosomal localization of the human and murine genes for the T-cell transcription factors NFATc and NFATp.". Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 68 (3-4): 185–91. doi:10.1159/000133910. PMID 7842733.  
  • Jabado N, Le Deist F, Fisher A, Hivroz C (1994). "Interaction of HIV gp120 and anti-CD4 antibodies with the CD4 molecule on human CD4+ T cells inhibits the binding activity of NF-AT, NF-kappa B and AP-1, three nuclear factors regulating interleukin-2 gene enhancer activity.". Eur. J. Immunol. 24 (11): 2646–52. doi:10.1002/eji.1830241112. PMID 7957556.  
  • Vacca A, Farina M, Maroder M, et al. (1995). "Human immunodeficiency virus type-1 tat enhances interleukin-2 promoter activity through synergism with phorbol ester and calcium-mediated activation of the NF-AT cis-regulatory motif.". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 205 (1): 467–74. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1994.2689. PMID 7999066.  
  • Park J, Takeuchi A, Sharma S (1996). "Characterization of a new isoform of the NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T cells) gene family member NFATc.". J. Biol. Chem. 271 (34): 20914–21. doi:10.1074/jbc.271.34.20914. PMID 8702849.  
  • Di Somma MM, Majolini MB, Burastero SE, et al. (1996). "Cyclosporin A sensitivity of the HIV-1 long terminal repeat identifies distinct p56lck-dependent pathways activated by CD4 triggering.". Eur. J. Immunol. 26 (9): 2181–8. doi:10.1002/eji.1830260933. PMID 8814265.  
  • Beals CR, Sheridan CM, Turck CW, et al. (1997). "Nuclear export of NF-ATc enhanced by glycogen synthase kinase-3.". Science 275 (5308): 1930–4. doi:10.1126/science.275.5308.1930. PMID 9072970.  
  • Kinoshita S, Su L, Amano M, et al. (1997). "The T cell activation factor NF-ATc positively regulates HIV-1 replication and gene expression in T cells.". Immunity 6 (3): 235–44. doi:10.1016/S1074-7613(00)80326-X. PMID 9075924.  
  • Zhou P, Sun LJ, Dötsch V, et al. (1998). "Solution structure of the core NFATC1/DNA complex.". Cell 92 (5): 687–96. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81136-8. PMID 9506523.  
  • Kinoshita S, Chen BK, Kaneshima H, Nolan GP (1998). "Host control of HIV-1 parasitism in T cells by the nuclear factor of activated T cells.". Cell 95 (5): 595–604. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81630-X. PMID 9845362.  
  • Chuvpilo S, Zimmer M, Kerstan A, et al. (1999). "Alternative polyadenylation events contribute to the induction of NF-ATc in effector T cells.". Immunity 10 (2): 261–9. doi:10.1016/S1074-7613(00)80026-6. PMID 10072078.  
  • Chuvpilo S, Avots A, Berberich-Siebelt F, et al. (1999). "Multiple NF-ATc isoforms with individual transcriptional properties are synthesized in T lymphocytes.". J. Immunol. 162 (12): 7294–301. PMID 10358178.  
  • Wang JK, Kiyokawa E, Verdin E, Trono D (2000). "The Nef protein of HIV-1 associates with rafts and primes T cells for activation.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97 (1): 394–9. doi:10.1073/pnas.97.1.394. PMID 10618429.  
  • Porter CM, Havens MA, Clipstone NA (2000). "Identification of amino acid residues and protein kinases involved in the regulation of NFATc subcellular localization.". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (5): 3543–51. doi:10.1074/jbc.275.5.3543. PMID 10652349.  

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.



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