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Dinamo Zagreb
561px-NKdinamozagreb.png
Full name Nogometni klub Dinamo Zagreb
Nickname(s) "Modri" (The Blues)
Founded 9 June, 1945
Ground Stadion Maksimir
(Capacity: 38,923)
Chairman Croatia Mirko Barišić
Manager Croatia Krunoslav Jurčić
League Prva HNL
2008–09 Prva HNL, 1st
Home colours
Away colours
Current season

Nogometni klub Dinamo Zagreb is a Croatian football club, based at Maksimir Stadium in Maksimir, Zagreb, and currently the most successful club in Croatian football history and a founding member of the ECA.[1] It is the most popular club in the country where between 33% and 36% of the population support it.[2][3]

The club has won 11 Prva HNL titles, and are currently the reigning Croatian champions, winning their fourth consecutive domestic league title in the 2008–09 season. Since its formation in 1945, Dinamo has spent its entire existence playing in the top flight (from 1946 to 1991 in the Yugoslav First League and from 1992 onwards in the Prva HNL). In Prva HNL, the club has finished outside the top three only on two occasions (in 1992 and 2005). In 18 seasons since the independence of the HNS Dinamo were the Croatian Cup finalists 14 times and winners on 10 occasions, the latest being in 2009 when they defeated their biggest rivals Hajduk Split after a penalty shootout. The club has also won three Croatian Supercups.

Dinamo is the only Croatian football club that has ever won a European competition, defeating Leeds in the 1967 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup Final. They had also reached the final of the same competition in 1963 when they lost to Valencia.

The current manager of the club is Krunoslav Jurčić, replacing Marijan Vlak on 5 March 2009.[4] The captain of the club is Igor Bišćan since the former captain Luka Modrić was transferred to Tottenham in 2008.

Contents

History

Origins and early years (1945–1966)

After the World War II, following the rise to power of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, three very popular Zagreb football clubs HAŠK, Građanski and Concordia were disbanded and replaced with the municipal club Dinamo formed on 9 June 1945. The new club inherited Građanski's colors and fan base, with most of Građanski's players continuing their careers at Dinamo.[5] In the beginnings, the club played its home matches at Koturaška cesta, but soon moved to former HAŠK's stadium at Maksimir. From 1969 onwards, the club's emblem is very similar to that of Građanski. Márton Bukovi, who managed Građanski before it was disbanded, continued to work at Dinamo together with the physio Franjo Žlof. The most notable Građanski players that joined Dinamo were Lešnik, Kokotović and Wölfl. Of the HAŠK players that transferred to Dinamo, the regulars in the first team were Ratko Kacian, Željko Čajkovski, Svetozar Peričić and Dragutin Lojen.

Following its formation, the club entered Yugoslav First League in its second season after the World War II hiatus. In its initial season Dinamo finished second–placed, 5 points behind the champions Partizan. The club won its first trophy already in 1947–48 season, finishing first–placed in Yugoslav championship with 5 points ahead of Hajduk Split and Partizan. In 1951 season the club finished second–placed in the league, but compensated it with their first ever Yugoslav Cup title, after they defeated Vojvodina 4–0 in two–legged tie. Afterward, the club has won three more Cup titles (in 1960, 1963 and 1965) and two championship titles (in 1953–54 and 1957–58 seasons), also being runners–up in the Cup on three occasions (in 1950, 1964 and 1966).[5] Dinamo entered its first European competition in 1958, when they were defeated in the European Cup preliminary round by Czech side Dukla Prague. The club had some success in the initial European Cup Winners' Cup season, as they reached semifinals where they lost to Fiorentina. They've also competed in the 1961–62 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, but failed to reach further than the second round where they were knocked–out by Barcelona. However, in the 1962–63 season of the same competition, the club managed to reach the finals, but lost 4–1 on an aggregate score to Spanish side Valencia. Previously, the club sensationally defeated European giants Bayern Munich in the quarterfinals of the competition. In 1963–64 season they competed in the Cup Winners' Cup, but lost already in the first round against Celtic. During this period many of Dinamo's star players were also integral part of the Yugoslavian national team, including Željko Čajkovski, Dražan Jerković, Ivica Horvat, Slaven Zambata and Rudolf Belin.

Inter-Cities Fairs Cup (1966–1967)

Three Yugoslavian clubs went on to participate in the 1966–67 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, but they were knocked–out early in the competition, excluding Dinamo who went on to become the first ever Yugoslavian team that won a European competition. In the first round Dinamo played against Spartak Brno and after the aggregate score was 2–2, coin was flipped in order to determine the winner. Dinamo was through to the second round, where they were drawn against Scottish side Dunfermline. For the first time in the history of the cup the away goals rule were introduced, which helped Dinamo to qualify for the third round after the aggregate score was 4–4 (2–0 at home and 2–4 away). On their road to finals they defeated Romanian side Dinamo Piteşti, Italian powerhouse Juventus and German side Eintracht Frankfurt. In the finals the club was draw to play its first match at Maksimir against Leeds. Dinamo won 2–0 in front of the 32 thousand fans with Marijan Čerček and Krasnodar Rora scoring, which was enough to secure the title as the match at Elland Road finished 0–0.[6]

Post–European success era (1967–2000)

Dinamo closed the successful sixties with Yugoslav Cup title in the 1969 and quarterfinals of the 1969–70 Cup Winners' Cup competition. Unfortunately, the success didn't follow the club to the new decade, as they failed to win a single trophy throughout the 1970s. The club participated in three more seasons of Inter-Cities Fairs Cup before it was replaced with UEFA Cup, but failed to make any impact. Dinamo took part of the initial UEFA Cup season, but lost in the second round of the competition to Rapid Vienna on away goals rule. The club entered the UEFA Cup on seven more occasions (in 1976, 1977, 1979, 1988, 1989, 1990 and 1992) but never repeated success from the sixties. Finally, at the start of the 1980s, Dinamo won their sixth Yugoslav Cup title, defeating Red Star Belgrade 2–1 on aggregate result. They qualified for the 1980–81 Cup Winners' Cup, but lost already in first round to Benfica. In 1982 Dinamo sealed their fourth Yugoslav championship. In 1983 they won their seventh Yugoslav Cup which was the club's last trophy in the SFR Yugoslavia. After Benfica, another Portuguese club sealed Dinamo's European season, this time in 1982–83 European Cup when they lost to Sporting CP. They played in 1983–84 Cup Winners' Cup season and were eliminated, again, by Portuguese side Porto. The club didn't have any success in the second part of the 1980s, except two consecutive second–places in Yugoslavian championship in 1989 and 1990.

1990s Croatia Zagreb Era

After the SFR Yugoslavia was dissolved, Dinamo took part in creating the Croatian Football League and the initial season was played in 1992. The same year club controversially changed its name to HAŠK Građanski, and another name change followed in 1993, when the club was renamed to Croatia Zagreb. The name change was widely seen as a political move by the leadership of then newly independent Croatia, with the goal of distancing the entire country from its Communist past. As the name change was also never accepted by its fans, on 14 February 2000 the club changed back its name to Dinamo. As Croatia Zagreb, the club has won six Croatian championships, of which five were won in a row from 1996 to 2000. They've also won four Croatian Cup titles.[5]

In the late 1990s, the club played two consecutive seasons in the UEFA Champions League group stage. In the 1998–99 season, they were drawn in a group with Ajax, Olympiacos and Porto. After disappointing performances in the first three matches in which they managed to draw against Ajax at home and lost their away matches against Olympiacos and Porto, they performed well in the remaining three matches, beating Porto at home and Ajax away, and drawing to Olympiacos at home. However, they failed to advance to the quarterfinals with as a second–placed team. In the 1999–2000 season, they were drawn in a group with defending champions Manchester United, Marseille and Sturm Graz, but managed only a fourth–place finish in the group with two draws and one win. They most notably held Manchester United to a goalless draw at Old Trafford in their opening Champions League match that season. The club also competed in two consecutive seasons of UEFA Cup. In 1996 they were knocked–out in the second round, while in the 1998 they managed to reach the third round, but lost to Atlético Madrid 2–1 on aggregate score.

Recent years (2000–present)

The club subsequently participated five times in the third qualifying round of the Champions League, in 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007 and 2008. However, they played against Milan, Dynamo Kyiv, Arsenal, Werder Bremen, Shakhtar Donetsk and failed to win a single match, losing 6–1 on aggregate to Milan, 5–1 on aggregate to Dynamo Kiev, Shakhtar Donetsk and Arsenal and 5–3 on aggregate to Werder Bremen. Since the qualifying rounds format changed, Dinamo was unable to get through to the play–off round, losing 3–2 on aggregate to FC Red Bull Salzburg in 2009. Before the UEFA Cup group stage phase was introduced, Dinamo's best success in the competition was reaching the second round of the competition on three occasions. They were able to reach the group stages in 2004–05, 2007–08 and 2008–09, but failed to secure qualification to round of 32. UEFA then introduced Europa League competition which had slightly changed format compared to that of the UEFA Cup. Dinamo was able to qualify for the group stage of the initial 2009–10 Europa League season, after beating Scottish side Hearts 4–2 on aggregate. In domestic competitions the club was able to secure five league titles and won the Croatian Cup on six occasions. They have also won three Croatian Supercups. The club has also produced many footballing talents that represented Croatia on the international level in the 2000s. The most notable are Luka Modrić, Eduardo, Vedran Ćorluka, Niko Kranjčar and Tomislav Butina.

Honours

Domestic

1992–93, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2002–03, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09
1947–48, 1953–54, 1957–58, 1981–82
1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009
1951, 1960, 1963, 1965, 1969, 1980, 1983
2002, 2003, 2006

European

1976

Rankings

UEFA club coefficient ranking

(As of 3 December 2009), Source: Bert Kassies website

Rank Team Points
112 Bulgaria CSKA Sofia 15.300
113 Denmark OB Odense 14.890
114 Ukraine Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk 14.870
115 Croatia Dinamo Zagreb 14.466
116 Netherlands NEC 13.942
117 Czech Republic Slovan Liberec 13.895
118 Serbia Partizan 13.700

IFHHS world club ranking

(1st November 2008 – 30th October 2009; Previous year listed in brackets), Source: IFHHS

=88 GreenUpArrow.svg (132) Austria Red Bull Salzburg
=88 RedDownArrow.svg 0(84) Venezuela Caracas FC
=88 RedDownArrow.svg 0(71) France Rennes
=88 RedDownArrow.svg 0(84) England Tottenham Hotspur
092 RedDownArrow.svg 0(87) Croatia Dinamo Zagreb
093 RedDownArrow.svg 0(64) Uzbekistan Bunyodkor
094 RedDownArrow.svg 0(71) Russia Zenit St. Petersburg

Stadium

Dinamo's home ground is Maksimir Stadium, which is situated in the northeast borough of the city of Zagreb (called Maksimir) next to the Maksimir Park and the Zagreb Zoo. The stadium's current capacity is 38,923 and it's set to be rebuilt and renovated in the near future.

Supporters

Although Dinamo has had a large army of followers throughout its history, its first organized group of followers emerged in 1986. The most hardcore and faithful followers, formed the Bad Blue Boys. As legend has it, the name was inspired by the then very popular 1983 film Bad Boys starring Sean Penn.

Throughout the Zagreb boroughs, BBB chapters emerged, and at the matches one could see banners from various parts of the city (like Maksimir, Tresnjevka, and Dubrava). At first, the supporters privately organized visits to the games in former Yugoslavia. They were present at Dinamo's matches in Belgrade, Sarajevo, Ljubljana, Niš, Podgorica, Split and Skopje.

At the start of the 1990s, the first organized BBB Fan Club was established and quickly became popular.

Feeder clubs

The following clubs are affiliated with Dinamo Zagreb:

  • Croatia Lokomotiva Zagreb – The club acts as a reserve team for Dinamo Zagreb,[7] which is why the club is sometimes referred to as Dinamo 2.[8]
  • Australia Melbourne Knights – Dinamo Zagreb arranged a four–year cooperation with Melbourne Knights in order to have a strong foothold in Australian youth football and in exchange offered a financial, professional and logistical help.[9]

Dinamo youth school - ONS Hitrec - Kacijan

Dinamo's youth academy Hitrec - Kacijan is named after two football greats from Zagreb. The current director is Romeo Jozak.

Ico Hitrec, centre-forward from HAŠK is widely considered to be the greatest Croatian player before World War II. He became a legend after scoring twice against then famous Spanish keeper Ricardo Zamora during the first night game in the capital of Croatia between Selection of Zagreb and Real Madrid in 1931. As on of the first Croatian international players, he went on to play for Grasshopper-Club Zürich of Switzerland, and Kicker, at the time the foremost sports journal in Europe, chose him as a member of the European elite 11. He was also the first technical officer and in his office in Zagreb power-works in Gundulićeva Street, the best players from Građanski met and discussed forming a new club with blue shirts.

Ratko Kacijan played with Hitrec and won the title with HAŠK in 1938. Ten years later, he was a member of the team that won Dinamo its first Championship title.

Famous graduates include Zlatko Kranjčar and his son Niko, Luka Modrić, Vedran Ćorluka as well as former internationals Zvonimir Boban and Dario Šimić.

Players

Current squad

As of 13 January 2010.

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Croatia GK Tomislav Butina
2 Croatia DF Ivan Tomečak
3 Argentina DF Luis Ibáñez
4 Croatia DF Robert Kovač (vice-captain)
5 Argentina MF Adrián Calello
7 Brazil DF Etto 1
8 Croatia MF Ante Tomić
9 Croatia FW Andrej Kramarić
10 Brazil MF Sammir 1
13 Cameroon MF Mathias Chago 1
15 Brazil DF Carlos 1
16 Croatia MF Milan Badelj
17 Croatia FW Mario Mandžukić
19 Croatia DF Tomislav Barbarić
No.   Position Player
20 Czech Republic FW Miroslav Slepička
21 Croatia MF Ivica Vrdoljak
22 Croatia DF Igor Bišćan (captain)
23 Brazil FW Dodô
24 Croatia FW Ilija Sivonjić
25 Argentina DF Leandro Cufré
30 Croatia GK Filip Lončarić
77 Chile MF Pedro Morales
99 Greece FW Dimitrios Papadopoulos
TBA Croatia GK Igor Vidaković
TBA Croatia DF Šime Vrsaljko
TBA Croatia MF Domagoj Antolić
Argentina MF Guillermo Suárez

1 player has Croatian citizenship

Players out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Croatia GK Dominik Picak (at NK Lokomotiva)
Croatia GK Krunoslav Hendija (at NK Maksimir)
Croatia GK Ivan Kelava (at NK Lokomotiva)
Croatia DF Matej Bagarić (at NK Lokomotiva)
Croatia DF Denis Cerovec (at NK Lokomotiva)
Croatia DF Ivor Horvat (at NK Lokomotiva)
Croatia DF Mirko Kramarić (at NK Lokomotiva)
Croatia MF Petar Franjić (at NK Lokomotiva)
Croatia MF Tomislav Havojić (at NK Lokomotiva)
Croatia MF Ivan Herceg (at NK Lokomotiva)
No.   Position Player
Croatia MF Mate Maleš (at NK Lokomotiva)
Croatia MF Mario Musa (at NK Lokomotiva)
Croatia MF Josip Pivarić (at NK Lokomotiva)
Croatia MF Mateo Poljak (at NK Lokomotiva)
Croatia MF Filip Šćrbec (at NK Lokomotiva)
Albania MF Emiljano Vila (at Dinamo Tirana)
Croatia FW Matej Jelić (at NK Lokomotiva)
Croatia FW Ivan Peko (at NK Lokomotiva)
Bosnia and Herzegovina FW Dalibor Pandža (at NK Lokomotiva)

Notable former players

Croatian

     

Others

Managers

   

See also

References

  1. ^ "New era in football begins with formation of European Club Association". [1]. UEFA. 2009-01-21. Retrieved 13 August 2009.  
  2. ^ "Za koji hrvatski nogometni klub navijate?" (in Croatian). GfK - Croatia. 2005-04-18. http://www.gfk.hr/press/nogomet.htm. Retrieved 13 August 2009.  
  3. ^ "Šampioni našeg nogometa" (in Croatian). GfK - Croatia. 2008-04-28. http://www.gfk.hr/press1/nogomet.htm. Retrieved 13 August 2009.  
  4. ^ "Mamićeva ostavka odbijena, Jurčić novi trener, Balaban i Šokota potjerani" (in Croatian). Dnevnik.hr. 2009-03-05. http://sport.dnevnik.hr/clanak/nogomet/izvrsni-odbor-odbio-mamicevu-ostavku-jurcic-trener.html. Retrieved 13 August 2009.  
  5. ^ a b c "Povijest kluba" (in Croatian). http://www.nk-dinamo.hr/klub-povijest/Default.aspx. Retrieved 10 September 2009.  
  6. ^ "Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 1966-67". 2008-01-09. http://www.rsssf.com/ec/ec196667det.html#fc. Retrieved 10 September 2009.  
  7. ^ "Mlada momčad Lokomotive vuče za Dinamo" (in Croatian). Slobodna dalmacija. 2009-08-29. http://web1.slobodnadalmacija.hr/Nogomet/tabid/84/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/67839/Default.aspx. Retrieved 31 August 2009.  
  8. ^ "Dinamo 2 se mora pobijediti" (in Croatian). Novi list - Croatia. 2009-07-26. http://www.novilist.hr/Sport/Nogomet/1-HNL/dinamo-2-se-mora-pobijediti.aspx. Retrieved 31 August 2009.  
  9. ^ "Vrbanović: Napravili smo iskorak u sportskoj politici" (in Croatian). nk-dinamo.hr. 2008-03-05. http://www.nk-dinamo.hr/page/15/vijest/prikaz/757/default.aspx. Retrieved 31 August 2009.  

External links

Preceded by
FC Barcelona
Inter-Cities Fairs Cup Winner
1967
Runner up: Leeds United
Succeeded by
Leeds United







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