|Naalu Pennungal (Four Women)|
|Directed by||Adoor Gopalakrishnan|
|Produced by||Adoor Gopalakrishnan
|Written by||Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai/Adoor Gopalakrishnan|
|Music by||Isaac Thomas|
|Distributed by||Emil & Eric Digital Films Pvt.Ltd.|
|Release date(s)||2 November 2007|
|Running time||105 minutes|
|Followed by||Oru Pennum Randaanum)|
Naalu Pennungal (Four Women, Malayalam: നാല് പെണ്ണുങ്ങള്) is a 2007 Malayalam film by Adoor Gopalakrishnan which contains four different stories. The film has Padmapriya, Geethu Mohandas, Manju Pillai, and Nandita Das in the title roles, and KPAC Lalitha, Mukesh, Manoj K. Jayan, Sona Nair, Sreejith Ravi, Ravi Vallathol, Nandulal, Remya Nabeeshan, P. Sreekumar, M. R. Gopakumar, and Kavya Madhavan in supporting roles.
The movie chronicles a journey of womanhood across assorted backdrops with a classic amalgamation of source matters and techniques that splendidly spans times and frames. The movie has four distinct parts - each adapted from separate short stories by Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai. Each of the parts narrate the stories of women from different strata of the society. Though the stories are not explicitly connected in narration, a pattern emerges in the flow of the movie - both in the chronological setting and the stature of the women.
The first story profiled is the story of a street prostitute Kunjipennu (Padmapriya) and Pappukutty (Sreejith Ravi) who decide to start a life as husband and wife. They have bound themselves in matrimony that does not have any legal sanction. When the law catches up with them, they do not have anything that can be an evidence of their commitment towards each other. The story ends in the court scene where the helpless couple are punished for the crime of prostituition.
Kumari (Geethu Mohandas)- literally, a virgin girl- is a farm worker who shouldered the responsibility of running her household at a very early age. Her father (M. R. Gopakumar), having realized her advancing age, accepts a suitable marriage proposal for her. After the wedding, her husband, Narayanan (Nandulal), behaves strangely, as he evades any kind of contact with her including verbal conversation and sexual activity. The husband's mysterious behaviour is accentuated by his glut. After a few days, the couple make the customary visit to Kumari's house. Narayanan, leaves Kumari in her house after the visit and never returns to take her back. As days pass, rumours spread that she has been abandoned by him because of her infidelity. Her father unable to bear the shame of it, picks up a fight with the neighbour who had brought the marriage proposal. Kumari, who had maintained silence so far, emerges from the house and decalres that the marriage never happened.
Chinnu Amma (Manju Pillai) is a childless housewife. She lives a fairly contented life with her loving husband (Murali). Her husband works in a nearby town and she spends her time alone at home. One day, she is visited by Nara Pillai (Mukesh), who is a former classmate of her. Nara Pillai had run away to Tamil Nadu, much earlier and now visits his home village only infrequently. He is said to have made good in Tamil Nadu and speaks Tamil with a heavy accent of Malayalam even when he is back in Kerala. Through their conversations we realize that they both had an amorous encounter in their childhood, from which Chinnu Amma escaped narrowly due to her fear of getting pregnant out of wed-lock. Nara Pillai assumes that she is vulnerable and attempts to talk her into bed, promising her a healthy off spring.Chinnu Amma's mind vacillates, but in the end of the movie she boldly declines the offer.
The last one, is about an upper middleclass girl (Nandita Das). She has a quiet life in a family comprising of her widowed mother (Lalitha), an elder brother and two sisters girls. The story begins with a marriage proposal for her, which fails as the groom (Ravi Vallathol) prefers her younger sister (Kavya Madhavan). She silently witnesses the marriage. As years pass on, her elder brother(Asokan) also gets married after having waited for her marriage for too long. As she walks towards middle age, her youngest sister (Ramya Nambeesan) also gets married. Once the mother passes away, she is forced to move in with her younger sister's family. Things seem to go well initially, with her getting close to her nieces. Her sister's husband apologizes to her, for being the reason for her failed marriage proposal. But, soon problems surface as her sister gets jealous of her and starts imagining a non-existing affair with her husband and her. She goes back home alone, refusing to live with either her brother or the youngest sister. She finally has broken the shackles of others controlling her life and has decided to live on her own.
The project to make films on Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai's stories came when Doordarshan in their Timeless Classics series wanted to compile works of writers in different languages who have produced classic literature. This was the first film in the project and was followed by Oru Pennum Randaanum in the next year. Both the films have a four-chapter-structure based on independent short stories by Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai. Both the films also share the same geographical and temporal setting.
Adoor selected the stories on which the movie is based, from the 300-400 stories that Pillai wrote. They were originally written over a long period of time. Thee director stated that, he chose these particular stories, because of their current relevance. He has claimed that unlike his previous films, this one is less complex.
The film premiered in the masters section of the Toronto International Film Festival in September,2007. The films has so far been screened at more than twenty festivals  The Miami International Film Festival selected Adoor Gopalakrishnan's Naalu Pennungal. Besides Adoor, Geethu Mohandas who featured in the story 'Kanyaka' and Martin Sebastian, the co-producer of the film attended the film festival.
The film was also screened at the following festivals.