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Nagpur (नागपूर)
Orange city
Zero Mile stone located in Nagpur.
Nagpur (नागपूर)
Location of Nagpur (नागपूर)
in Maharashtra and India
Coordinates 21°04′N 79°16′E / 21.07°N 79.27°E / 21.07; 79.27
Country  India
Region Vidarbha
State Maharashtra
District(s) Nagpur
Founded 1702 A.D


Mayor Archana Dehankar
Municipal Commissioner Aseem Gupta[1]
2420000[2] (2006)
11,101 /km2 (28,751 /sq mi)
Official languages Marathi, Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
218 km2 (84 sq mi)
310 m (1,017 ft)
Seal of Nagpur (नागपूर)

Nāgpur About this sound pronunciation (Marathi: नागपूर) is a city in the state of Maharashtra, and is the largest city in central India and also the third largest city by population in the state of Maharashtra. With a population of around 2,420,000; Nagpur UA is the 13th largest urban conglomeration in India[3], the 114th largest city [2] in world, and the 143rd largest urban area in world in terms of population.[4] The city is also the seat of annual winter session of Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha. Nagpur is also the major commercial and political center of the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, and is also famous throughout the country as "Orange City" for being a major trade center of oranges.[5] The city assumes political importance from being the headquarters for the Hindu nationalist organisation RSS and an important location for the Dalit Buddhist movement.

Nagpur lies precisely at the center of the country with the Zero mile marker (indicating the geographical center of India) located here.[6] The city was founded by Gond people but later became part of Maratha Empire under the Bhonsles. The British East India Company took over Nagpur in 19th century and made it the capital of Central Provinces and Berar. After first states' reorganisation, the city lost the capital status but as per informal "Nagpur Pact" between political leaders; was made the second capital of Maharashtra.



The Nag River, a tributary of the Kanhan River, flows in a serpentine path and so is named, "Nag", the Marathi word for Cobra. The river flows through the old city of Nagpur and hence the city is named after this river. "Pur" is common suffix given to cities, villages and towns across India, and is often simply translated "city".[7] The seal of Nagpur Municipal Corporation depicts a cobra in the water of a river.


Central Provinces and Berar, 1903. Princely states are shown in yellow.

Human existence around present day Nagpur city can be traced back 3000 years to 8th century BC. Mehir burial sites at Drugdhamna (near Mhada colony) indicate megalithic culture existed around Nagpur and is still followed in present times[8]. The first reference to the name Nagpur is found in a 10th century copper-plate inscription discovered at Devali in the neighbouring Wardha district. The inscription is a record of grant of a village situated in the visaya (district) of Nagpura-Nandivardhana during time of Rastrakuta king Krsna III in the Saka year 862 (940 CE).[9] Towards the end of third century King Vindhyasakti is known to have ruled the Nagpur region. In the 4th century Vakataka Dynasty ruled over the Nagpur region and surrounding areas and had good relations with the Gupta Empire. The Vakataka king Prithvisena I moved his capital to Nagardhan (ancient name Nandivardhana), located at 28 kilometers (17 mi) from Nagpur.[10]

Recent history ascribes the founding of Nagpur to Bakht Buland, a prince of the Gond kingdom of Deogarh in the Chhindwara district. In 1743, the Maratha leader Raghoji Bhonsle of Vidarbha established himself at Nagpur, after conquering the territories of Deogarh, Chanda and Chhattisgarh by 1751. After Raghoji's death in 1755, his son and successor Janoji was forced to acknowledge the effective supremacy of the Maratha Peshwa of Pune in 1769. Regardless of the military conquests, the Nagpur state continued to grow. Janoji's successor Mudhoji I (d. 1788) came to power in 1785 and bought Mandla and the upper Narmada valley from the Peshwa between 1796 and 1798, after which Raghoji II (d. 1816) acquired Hoshangabad, the larger part of Saugor and Damoh. Under Raghoji II, Nagpur covered what is now the east of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, and parts of Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand.

In 1803 Raghoji II joined the Peshwas against the British in the Second Anglo-Maratha War. The British prevailed, and Raghoji was forced to cede Cuttack, Sambalpur, and a part of Berar. After Raghoji II's death in 1816, his son Parsaji was deposed and murdered by Mudhoji II. Despite the fact that he had entered into a treaty with the British in the same year, Mudhoji joined the Peshwa in the Third Anglo-Maratha War in 1817 against the British, but was forced to cede the rest of Berar to the Nizam of Hyderabad, and parts of Saugor and Damoh, Mandla, Betul, Seoni and the Narmada valley to the British after suffering a defeat at Sitabuldi in modern-day Nagpur city. The Sitabuldi fort was the site of a fierce battle between the British and the Bhonsle of Nagpur in 1817. The battle was a turning point as it laid the foundations of the downfall of the Bhonsles and paved the way for the British acquisition of Nagpur city.[11] Mudhoji was deposed after a temporary restoration to the throne, after which the British placed Raghoji III the grandchild of Raghoji II, on the throne. During the rule of Raghoji III (which lasted till 1840), the region was administered by a British resident. In 1853, the British took control of Nagpur after Raghoji III died without leaving an heir.

Map of Nagpur district with major towns and rivers.

From 1853 to 1861, the Nagpur Province (which consisted of the present Nagpur region, Chhindwara, and Chhatisgarh) became part of the Central Provinces and Berar and came under the administration of a commissioner under the British central government, with Nagpur as its capital. Berar was added in 1903. Tata group started the country's first textile mill at Nagpur[12], formally known as Central India Spinning and Weaving Company Ltd. The company was popularly known as "Empress Mills" as it was inaugurated on 1 January 1877, the day queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India. Political activity in Nagpur during India's freedom struggle included hosting of two annual sessions of the Indian National Congress. Importantly, the Non-cooperation movement was launched in the Nagpur session of 1920. The city witnessed a Hindu–Muslim riot in 1923 which had profound impact on K. B. Hedgewar[13], who in 1925 founded the RSS, a Hindu nationalist organization in Nagpur with an idea of creating a Hindu nation. After the 1927 Nagpur riots RSS gained further popularity in Nagpur and the organization grew nationwide.

After Indian Independence in 1947, Central Provinces and Berar became a province of India, and in 1950 became the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, again with Nagpur as its capital. However when the Indian states were reorganized along linguistic lines in 1956, the Nagpur region and Berar were transferred to Bombay state, which in 1960 was split between the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. At a formal public ceremony on October 14, 1956 in Nagpur B. R. Ambedkar along with his supporters converted to Buddhism starting Dalit Buddhist movement which is still active. In 1994, the city witnessed its most violent day in modern times in form of Gowari stampede deaths.
Also see: Nagpur state

Geography and climate

Climate chart (explanation)
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: World Weather Information Service


Nagpur lies on the Deccan plateau of the Indian Peninsula and has a mean altitude of 310 meters above sea level.[14] The underlying rock strata is covered with alluvial deposits resulting from the flood plain of the Kanhan River. In some places these give rise to granular sandy soil. However, in low lying areas which are poorly drained, the soil is alluvial clay with poor permeability characteristics. In eastern part of city crystalline metamorphic rocks such as gneiss, schist and granites are found, while in the Northern part yellowish sand stones and clays of the lower Gondwana formations are found. [15]

Nagpur city is dotted with many natural and man made lakes with Ambazari lake being the largest of all. Other natural lakes include Futala lake, Gorewada Lake and Telangkhedi lake. Sonegaon lake along with Gandhisagar lake are man-made lakes created by cities historical rulers. Nag river, Pilli nadi along with various nallas form the natural drainage pattern for city.[16] [17] Nagpur is known for its greenery, and was judged as the cleanest and second greenest in India after Bangalore.[18]


As it is located at centre of Indian peninsula far from Bay of Bengal and Arabian sea, Nagpur has a tropical wet and dry climate with dry conditions prevailing for most of the year . Nagpur city receives an annual rainfall of 1,205 mm (47.44 in) from monsoon rains during June to September.[19] The highest recorded rainfall was 304 mm on July 14, 1994.[20] Summers are extremely hot lasting from March to June, with maximum temperatures occurring in May. Winter lasts from November to January, during which temperatures can drop below 10°C (50°F).[14] The highest recorded temperature in the city was 48.6 °C (119.5 °F) on 26 May 1954,[21] while the lowest was 3 °C.

Civic Administration

Vidhan Bhavan

Nagpur is administered by Nagpur Municipal Corporation (NMC) which is democratically elected civic governing body. Nagpur Improvement Trust(NIT) works along with NMC and carries out works like development of civic infrastructure and new urban areas on behalf of NMC.[22] The city is divided in 10 zones which are in turn divided into 136 wards.[23] Each ward is represented by a corporator, majority of whom are elected in local elections.

Sitabuldi fort is home to Indian Army's 118th infantry battalion.

Nagpur is an important city for the scientific community as it is headquarters of number of national level scientific and governmental establishments like the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute NEERI, Central Institute of Cotton Research (CICR), National Research Centre for Citrus, National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning, the Jawaharlal Nehru National Aluminium Research and Development Centre, and Petroleum & Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO)(Formerly Known as Deptt of Explosives).

Nagpur is also an important city for the Indian armed forces. The city is the headquarter of Maintenance command of Indian Air Force. The Indian Army's Ordinance factory and staff college are located on west side of city. Nagpur's suburb Kamptee has cantonment of Regimental center of Indian Army's Brigade made up of National Cadet Corps' Officers' Training School, Institute of Military Law and other establishments. Nagpur's National Civil defense College provides civil defense and disaster management training to pupils from all over India and abroad. Indian Air Force's giant IL-76 transport planes nicknamed "Gajraj" are based in Nagpur[24].


Marathi, official language of Maharashtra is the local language in Nagpur. Varhadi dialect of Marathi is spoken in and around Nagpur city. Hindi is spoken extensively in Nagpur. Due to its central location Nagpur has become a cosmopolitan in nature with large number of residents from neighboring states of Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh. In 2001, the urban population was 2,129,500, and there were around 410,000 households in the city. 7,26,664 people lived in slums making Nagpur second most slum populated city in Maharashtra after Mumbai[26]. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for around 25% of the population. The sex ratio was 936 females per 1000 males. Around 99.4% of the population was engaged in non-agricultural activities, attesting to the overwhelmingly urban character of Nagpur city.[27]. According to 2006 survey of National Crime Record Bureau Nagpur has the highest crime rate of 470.6 in Maharashtra as compared to other mega-cities of the state.[28] The number of migrants to Nagpur from outside Maharashtra during the 1991-2001 decade was 2.1 lakh making Nagpur 4th most favored destination in state.[29]

People and Culture

The city contains a large number of people from other Indian states as well as people belonging to the world's major faiths. Nagpur plays host to a variety of cultural events throughout the year. Cultural and literary societies in Nagpur include Vidarbha Sahitya Sangh(for development of Marathi), Vidarbha Rashtrabhasha Prachar Samiti (promotion and spreading Hindi) and Vidarbha Hindi Sahitya Sammelan (for promoting Hindi).

Marathi Sahitya Sammelan, the conference on Marathi Literature were held twice in Nagpur city. They were presided by President of the Conference Krushnaji Prabhkar Khadilkar in 1933 and Arun Sadhu in 2007.

The Nagpur central museum (estb. 1863) maintains collections are mainly for Vidarbha region.[30] The South Central Cultural Centre also actively sponsors various other cultural events in Nagpur city, such as the Orange City Craft Mela and Folk Dance Festival, which is noted for its numerous folk-dances.[31] A number of newspapers are published from Nagpur in Marathi, English and Hindi. The Hitavada is one of the oldest English daily newspaper published in central India. Nagpur is known for staying calm during communal conflicts in India.[32]

The Vidarbha Cricket Association Ground (VCA) in Nagpur is one of the nine test venues in the country. A new stadium of VCA called Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium is built on Wardha road with a seating capacity of 45,000 people at cost of Rs. 75 crore (US$ 16.43 million).[33][34][35]. INOX Nagpur (area:45,000 square feet) is the first multiplex in city. The present day Maharajbagh zoo was originally a garden developed by the Bhonsle rulers.[36]. More recently, the Government of Maharashtra has approved a new safari park of international standards besides Gorewada Lake.

Deekshabhoomi, the largest hollow stupa and an important place of dalit buddhist movement, is located in Nagpur [37]. Sri Poddareshwar Ram Mandir and Shri Mahalaxmi Devi temple of Koradi are important Hindu temples[38]. Several important religious events are observed in the city throughout the year. Ram Navami is celebrated in Nagpur with shobha yatra which a massive procession of floats depicting various events from the Ramayana[39]. Processions are also held on important festivals of other religions such as Eid e Milad, Guru Nanak Jayanti, Mahavir Jayanti, Durga puja, Ganesh Puja and Moharram. Like the rest of India, Nagpurkars celebrate major Hindu festivals like Diwali, Holi and Dussera with fervour and enthusiasm. Celebrations lasting for several days are held on Ganesh Chaturthi and Durga Puja festivals in virtually every small locality in the city. The city also contains a sizable Muslim population, and famous places of worship for Muslims include the Jama Masjid-Mominpura and Bohri Jamatkhana-Itwari. In addition to annual religious festivals and processions, the Government of Maharashtra organizes a week long Kalidas Festival, a series of music and dance performances, by national level artist.[40]


Nagpur branch of Reserve Bank of India

Nagpur has been the main center of commerce in the Vidarbha region since early days and is an important trading location. However, Nagpur's economic importance had gradually declined relative to Mumbai and Pune after the merging of Vidarbha into the Maharashtra because of a prolonged period of neglect by the state government[41]. During the slowdown, state and central government offices were a major source of employment in the city. Nagpur's economy is now recovering from past slowdown[42] and city has attracted Rupees 5,000 crore in investment in 2004.[43]. The city is important for the banking sector as it hosts the regional office of Reserve Bank of India, which was opened on September 10, 1956[44]. Sitabuldi market in central Nagpur, known as the Heart of the city, is the main and major commercial market area of city.

The Butibori industrial area is the largest in all of Asia in terms of area.[45] The estate's largest unit is of Indo Rama Synthetics, which manufactures synthetic polyester yarn. Other units in Butibori include the power transmission company KEC, Hyundai Unitech, ACC Nihon Castings Ltd.[46]. Koradi Thermal Power Station and Khaparkheda Thermal Power Station are the two major thermal power stations located near Nagpur and operated by MSPGCL.

Sitabuldi, the central commercial area of Nagpur

The Hingna industrial estate located on the western fringes of the city is made up of around 900 small and medium industrial units. The major ones among them are tractor manufacturing plant of Mahindra and Mahindra, casting units of NECO Ltd. (the country's largest casting group),[47] units of International Combustions, Bajaj Auto group, Candico (the SECOND largest confectionery manufacturing plant in India [48]), Ajanta toothbrushes and Sanvijay Group (largest steel rolling group of companies for long products in Central India)[49]. Nagpur is home to ice-cream manufacturer Dinshaws, Indian dry food manufacturer Haldiram's and Ayurvedic product company Vicco [50].

Multi-modal International Cargo Hub and Airport at Nagpur (MIHAN)

Currently, Nagpur is witnessing an economic boom as "Multi-modal International Cargo Hub and Airport at Nagpur (MIHAN)" is being developed. MIHAN will be used for handling heavy cargo coming from south east Asia and Middle east Asia. Project will also include Rs 10,000 crore (US$ 2.19 billion) Special Economic Zone (SEZ)[51] for Information Technology (IT) companies. Persistent Systems has one of the software development centers at Nagpur.


Nagpur is a major education centre in Central India[52]. The city has both "municipal schools" (run by the NMC) as well as private schools (run by trusts or individuals), which in some cases receive financial aid from the government. The city's school system follows a 10+2+3/4 plan, after which students have the option to enroll in Junior college and later degree courses. Founded in 1923, Nagpur University[53] is one of the oldest in the country[54] and has geographical jurisdiction over the five districts of Nagpur division in addition to giving affiliation to hundreds of colleges. Nagpur has three Medical colleges namely Government Medical College and Hospital (GMCH), Indira Gandhi Medical College (IGMC) and Lata Mangeshkar Medical College (LMC). Nagpur has several engineering colleges which provide education in various specialty courses. Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology (VNIT) is one of the reputed technical institutes in the country and also an Institute of National Importance. Nagpur also has some good Management Colleges such as DBM Nagpur University and G.H Raisoni college. Nagpur is also known for some well known private engineering colleges namely Ramdeobaba Kamla Nehru College of Engineering (RKNEC)[55] which is frequently ranked among top engineering colleges in India in reputed magzines, Yeshwantrao Chavan College of Engineering(YCCE), and G.H. Raisoni College of Engineering. Finally, Nagpur has India's only National Fire Service College that provides graduation course in Fire Engineering[56]. In addition to well known education institutions, the Raman Science Centre promotes scientific attitude and has 133 seat planetarium[57].


Railways Transport

Due to its central location in India, the Nagpur Railway Station is an important railway junction and a transit terminal for trains that connect the country lengthwise and breadthwise, especially trains connecting India's major metropolises, Mumbai to Howrah-Kolkata, Delhi and Jammu to Chennai, Hydrabad, Bangalore and Kanyakumari in the South, as well as western cities such as Pune and Ahemedabad.[58] The city is the Divisional Head Quarters for the Central Railway and South East Central Railway Zone of Indian Railways.

Road Transport

Public transport bus in Nagpur

Nagpur is also a major junction for roadways as India's two major national highways, Kanyakumari-Varanasi (NH 7) and Hajira-Kolkata (NH-6), passing through the city.[58] One more highway number 69 connect Nagpur to Obaidullaganj near Bhopal. Nagpur is at the junction of two Asian Highways namely AH43 Agra to Matara, Sri Lanka and AH46 connecting Kharagpur, India to Dhule, India. Auto rickshaws operate in most parts of Nagpur and are the main form of hired transport within the city.

The new national highway is being built between Nagpur and Mumbai, alternative to the existing NH 6. This new Nagpur-Aurangabad-Mumbai express highway is build on the national highway basis, though being the state highway, entirely inside the state of Maharashtra. This highway will be a major boost to the under developed regions of Vidarbha and Marathwada in Maharashtra state.

Nagpur's Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport has the busiest Air traffic control room of India.

Air Transport

Nagpur's Air Traffic Control (ATC) is the busiest in India,[58] with more than 300 international flights flying over the city every day in 2004.[59] In October 2005, Nagpur's erstwhile Sonegaon Airport was declared an international airport and was renamed Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport.[60] Country's first ever international cargo hub, the Multi-modal International Cargo Hub and Airport at Nagpur (MIHAN) is planned on the outskirts of the city.[61]

See also


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b ""The world's largest cities"". City Mayors. Retrieved 2006-06-26. 
  3. ^ ""Some 108 million people live in India's largest cities"". City Mayors. Retrieved 2006-06. 
  4. ^ ""The world's largest cities and urban areas in 2006"". City Mayors. Retrieved 2006-06-26. 
  5. ^ ""Stamps from the Orange City"". The Hindu. Retrieved 2006-06-19. 
  6. ^ "Nagpur". Maharashtra Government. Retrieved 2006-06. 
  7. ^ "Nag River.". GAZETTEER DEPARTMENT OF GOVERNMENT OF MAHARASHTRA. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  8. ^ "3000-year-old burial site unearthed". Retrieved 2008-03. 
  9. ^ "History of Nagpur District: Ancient Period". Maharashtra State Government Directorate of Government Printing, Stationery and Publications. Retrieved 2006-07-28. 
  10. ^ Ancient Indian History and Civilization. New Age International. 1999. pp. 242–248. ISBN 9788122411980.,M1. 
  11. ^ ""The Battle of Sitabuldi"". Retrieved 2006-06. 
  12. ^ ""Are Indians Really Dumb?"". Retrieved 2006-06. 
  13. ^ Gandhi in His Time and Ours. Orient Blackswan. 2003. pp. 165–166. ISBN 9788178241142. 
  14. ^ a b "Climatic Parameters of Nagpur". India Meteorological Department Regional Meteorological Centre, Nagpur. Retrieved 2006-07-04. 
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^ [3]
  17. ^ [4]
  18. ^ "Nagpur". Maharashtra Airport Development Company Ltd.. Retrieved 2006-06-26. 
  19. ^ "Geographical Information (on Nagpur city)". National Informatics Centre, Nagpur. Retrieved 2006-06-30. 
  20. ^ ""Flooding, power cuts after Nagpur rains"". Retrieved 2006-07-18. 
  21. ^ Nagpur sizzles at 47.6 deg C, TNN, Times of India (Bombay), pg 1, 23 May 2005
  22. ^ "About us". Retrieved 2008-06-23. 
  23. ^ "WARD DETAILS". Retrieved 2008-06-23. 
  24. ^ ""Orange booms: Big dreams come true in small town"". Daily News and Analysis India. Retrieved 2006-08-17. 
  25. ^ "TABLE 7.2.11". Retrieved 2008-06-23. 
  26. ^ "UA demographics" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 292. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  27. ^ "Area Profile: Nagpur (urban)" (PDF). National Informatics Centre, Nagpur. Retrieved 2006-06-28. 
  28. ^ National Crime Records Bureau (2004). "Crimes in Mega Cities" (PDF Format). Crime in India-2004. Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2006-05-23. 
  30. ^ Nagpur District Gazetteer
  31. ^ "Major Programs during the year". The South Central Cultural Zone. Retrieved 2006-06. 
  32. ^ ""Celebrating a unique city"". The Tribune. Retrieved 2006-06. 
  33. ^ "Nagpur's new stadium ready to debut". Rediff. November 4, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  34. ^ "Vidarbha Cricket Association Ground in Nagpur". Retrieved 2006-06-21. 
  35. ^ "One day Internationals, Vidarbha Cricket Ground". National Rugby League of Australia. Retrieved 2006-06-22. 
  36. ^ "Maharaj Baug and Zoo". Retrieved 2006-06. 
  37. ^ ""Celebrating a unique city"". The Tribune. Retrieved 2006-06. 
  38. ^ "Maharashtra Tourism mention about Koradi". Maharashtra Tourism. Retrieved 2006-08-10. 
  39. ^ "About Shobha Yatra". Sri Poddareshwar Ram Mandir Website. Retrieved 2006-06. 
  40. ^ "The Kalidas Festival". Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation. Retrieved 2006-06. 
  41. ^ "Economic Overview Of Nagpur". December 31, 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  42. ^ Nagpur Economy and Industry - Nagpur Economic Boom
  43. ^ ""Bangalore top investment destination"". Retrieved 2006-07-04. 
  44. ^ Reserve Bank of India
  45. ^ ""Industrial fuel petrol from plastic waste: A success story"". The Daily Excelsior. Retrieved 2006-06. 
  46. ^ "MIDC page on Butibori Industrial Area". Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC). Retrieved 2006-06. 
  47. ^ "Corporate Overview of Neco". Neco Group of Industries. Retrieved 2006-06-26. 
  48. ^ "Candico plant in Nagpur". Candico Ltd.. Retrieved 2006-07-04. 
  49. ^ "Sanvijay Group website homepage". Sanvijay Group Ltd.. Retrieved 2006-06-28. 
  50. ^ "Welcome to Orange City" (PDF). National Informatics Centre, Nagpur. Retrieved 2006-06-26. 
  51. ^ ""Nagpur stakes claim to lead boomtown pack"". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2006-06. 
  52. ^ ""For some, small is beautiful"". Bussinessworld Magazine. Retrieved 2006-08-12. 
  53. ^ "History of Nagpur university". Nagpur University. Retrieved 2006-06. 
  54. ^ "Nagpur University". Rajiv Gandhi College of Engineering, Research, and Technology website. Retrieved 2006-08-12. 
  55. ^ "RKNEC". Ramdeobaba Kamla Nehru Engineering College. Retrieved 2009-11-09. 
  56. ^ "Introduction: National Fire Service College, Nagpur". National Fire Service College, Nagpur. Retrieved 2006-06-28. 
  57. ^ "planetarium". Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  58. ^ a b c Deshpande, Vivek (May 4, 2006). "Nagpur stakes claim to lead boomtown pack". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2006-06-22. 
  59. ^ ""Nagpur: South Asia's emergent hub"". The India Brand Equity Foundation. Retrieved 2006-07-04. 
  60. ^ "Nagpur Airport being renamed". The Hindu. =October 15, 2005. Retrieved 2006-06-28. 
  61. ^ "Nagpur to be India's first cargo hub". The Times of India. 11 April 2006. Retrieved 2008-05-09. 

External links

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Nagpur is a city in Maharashtra State, India famous for its Nagpur oranges. It is the headquarters of the Vidarbha division. It is also the "second capital" of Maharashtra state, which means that some administrative functions are carried out here, and one of three sessions of the Legislative Assembly in a year occur here.


Summers can be way to hot & winters can be somewhat cold so ensure that you have appropriate clothing.People are friendly in nature & do have plenty of time to help & navigate you across the city.City has one of the best Infrastucture & traffic woes are really a distant dream here.

Get in


Nagpur is the center of India. zero milestone of India is located in the city. It is almost equidistant from all the major metros. Nagpur is connected with all major cities with trains several times a day. Trains run through the day to all parts of the country. All metros are more or less an overnight journey.


To meet the increase in demand of air traffic in India and provide the required world-class infrastructure for the aviation sector, Mihan [1] Multi-modal International Cargo Hub and Airport is set at Nagpur.

  • Nagpur airport[2] is just 7 km from the city-centre. is connected to Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Raipur, Nashik, Bangalore, Ahemadabad, Indore, Pune, Bangkok (Thailand), Sharjah (UAE), Doha(Qatar) and Dubai(UAE). Host of airlines fly in and out of Nagpur.

Indian Airlines operates twice daily to Mumbai, Delhi and thrice-weekly to Kolkata and Hyderabad. Jet Airways has two daily flights to Mumbai and one every evening to Delhi. Air Deccan operates daily a direct flight from Mumbai with the Airbus A320 flight. Also there are flights from Mumbai to Kolkata which has a stop at Nagpur.

Many new airlines, namely Indigo Airlines, Kingfisher Airlines have started operations recently (Aug 2006).

Air Arabia has started flying to Nagpur. They operate five times a week, slated to become daily soon. Indian Airlines also has started a direct Nagpur-Bangkok flight twice a week. Direct flights to Singapore are slated to start in June 2006 on Silk Air.

Nagpur is also a Haj terminal and in season Air India operates 747s direct to Jeddah.

Recently Qatar Airways have announced launching of Nagpur - Doha bi-weekly flights.

Get around


The best way to get around are the yellow and black 3 wheeled taxicabs known as the Autorickshaws or simply Rickshaws. Hollering 'Auto' or 'Rickshaw' at a passing Rickshaw should be enough to catch the drivers attention. In most cases the drivers would be able to understand Hindi and maybe even a few words of English. They are normally quite helpful and are not known to cheat tourists. There are taxis (cabs) available at the Airport and Railway Station. You can also rent a "Qualis", a slang generic term for a SUV-taxi named after the common Toyota Qualis(but now are available as many other brands, such as the Chevy and India's own luxury brand, Mahindra). Normally they are offered with a driver, and they will stay with you all day, week, or even month if you'd like. This chauffeur can normally understand English, and knows the city very well.


You can easily visit Nagpur through Car. There are many Car Rental Companies available which Provide world Class Services.

  • Enterprises Car Rental
  • Savaari Car Rental
  • Hertz Car Rental


For using the local buses, you will need to know the routes and numbers. You can take help from people standing on bus stops (usually people are helpful and may be able to communicate in English). Besides, buses are the most common transport facility for the common people in the city and hence they are overcrowded at times. now STAR BUS service started here also. Bus mainly go to Buldi station from there u can conveniently to other places.Frequency of City buses are quite good enough to reach local destinations and suburbs area.


The local language is Marathi. Hindi is understood by almost everyone and English is prevelant to educated people. Nagpur city had a literacy rate of 89.3% in 2001, which is quite high by Indian standards, as Nagpur is a major education centre in Central India that attracts students from all over the country. English is at least partially understood by most people in the tourist industry.

  • Ambazari lake and garden
  • Shri Ganesha Temple near Railway station
  • Mata mandir in Koradi is near from Nagpur
  • Dragon Temple in Kamptee
  • Shri Shantinath Jain Temple in Ramtek
  • Telankadi or Futala Lake.
  • Kasturchand Park.
  • The botanical gardens.
  • Shukrawari Lake.
  • Telankhedi Hanuman Temple & Gardens.
  • Telankhedi Shiv Mandir.
  • Ramtek fort temple is near from Nagpur.
  • Dhamma Chakra stupa(Diksha Bhumi).
  • Taj Bagh
  • RSS headquarter at Reshimbagh.
  • Raman Science Center
  • Maharaj Bagh
  • Lake garden Sakkardara.
  • Japanese rose garden
  • Musical Garden
  • Seminary Hills & Air Force Station
  • Parsi Cemetery
  • NEERI Campus
  • Pavnar (About 50 km westwards from Nagpur)
  • Sadar Nagpur
  • Bohra Masjid it is very big and beautiful mosque, at Itwari
  • It has world class cricket Stadium controlled by Vidarbha Cricket Association, popularly known as "VCA".


Come for morning walk at seminary hills garden walking track, and spend your evenings along Futala lake.

  • Narrow Gauge Rail Museum, Kadbi Chowk, Kamptee Road. It is a Rail Museum having old & Haritage articles of Indian Railway, Old Steam Engines, coaches, saloons and many more things related to Narrow Gauge Indian Railway. A very good garden is there with a Toy Train. It is a very good Rail Museum for childrens for the knowledge of Indian Railway  edit


During summers don't forget to buy Oranges. Nagpur is easily called "Orange City" of India. If you are missing summer, then try Orange Burfi, a milk based sweet with orange flavor.

Itwari, Sitabuldi, Sadar and Dharampeth areas are especially known as shopping areas due to the large number of shops and pavement hawkers in these areas. Bargain is MUST incase you are not familiar with the area. Sunday Foot path market is a very good market at Sitabuldi for shopping household things.

Nagpur is also famous for Cotton articles. Various handicrafts mostly cotton based can be purchased from Sitabuldi, Itwari.


Nagpur has a lot of good places to eat.

For Non-Veg, many hotels in Momin pura (This neighbourhood is a must visit during month of Ramzan), Sadar, specially Biryanies, Babbu Hotel, M.L.A Canteen, Tanveer Hotel, Babban Hotel and may more in Mominpura. Hotel AlZam-Zam in C A Road. each of these hotels have branches in many places in nagpur.

The best continental can be savoured at 10 Downing Street in Ramdas Peth and Fountain Sizzlers & Bistro for amazing sizzlers. Mount Road near Sadar is the best hang-out for foodies. Ashoka for continental or Indian, Nanking for Chinese, Barbecue for Punjabi (Indian), Veeraswamy's and Kamat for South-Indian Food. 'Zinq' an Italian restro-lounge is a great place for authentic Italian food. Zinq has also opened 'Masala' and 'China' restaurants recently for Indian and Chinese cuisine respectively. V5, a group of 5 different restaurants including a bar, a family restaurant and a disco is a neat establishment. Also Village Tadka on outer ring road serves excellent Saoji cuisine.

Haldiram's is also a good place to eat it also provides packed Food for Air/Railway Passengers. Some of the restaurants of the hotels also offer a great dinner opportunity like Tuli's 'Frontier Post' for Afghani food(peshawari naan and Frontier dal recommended) and LB's 'Drums of Heaven'. The Pride Hotel, a favourite amongst air-travelers due to its proximity to the airport, holds numerous food festivals throughout the year for food conneussiers. For food on the run The Kathi Crossing near VCA Ground, Poonam Chambers Byramji Town, Pratap Nagar and LAD Collge offer amazing rolls which are a meal in themselves.

A special recipe of Chicken known as "Saoji Chicken" is one of the famous dishes which you will get exclusively in Nagpur. It is very spicy dish.

For street food, roadside carts are lined up with pani puri, Chat, Pav Bhaji and the Indianised version of Chinese noodles and Manchurian at Bajaj nagar and Yeshwant Stadium. It has one of the biggest Grocery market in Central India near Shaheed Chowk. Shaheed chowk(square) is also very famous in the night for variety of street foods.

There is also a place for people who are on tight on budget namely " Calcutta Rolls " it is located in Sadar and one near Shankar Nagar Square.


One can find numerous places in Nagpur for variety of drinks. Almost, all the hotels in City are fully licensed. There is lot of diversity amongst the drinks, one will find here.


Since its a booming economy for Nagpur, many of the good hotels have set up their businesses here. There are many hotels ranging from Budget to Star. MTDC counters at Railway Station and Airport will be able to help you find a good place to sleep. Below are few good hotels where a good bargain can be obtained.

  • Hotel Center Point,
  • Hotel Pride,
  • Hotel Tuli International,
  • Hotel LB,
  • Hotel Airport Center Point,
  • Hotel Heritage
  • Hotel Siddhartha Inn, 90 Central Avenue, Near Agrasen Sqaure, Gandhibagh, Nagpur - 440018 (Maharashtra, India), (0712) 2727488, [3]. Hotel Siddhartha Inn is centrally situated in the industrial market area. Nagpur Airport is just 15 min drive and Railway Station is just 2 Km. Each of 25 Rooms are Centrally Air Conditioned & elegantly furnished. Specialty Restaurant with an exotic ambience serving South Indian, Finest Indian, Chinese Cuisines taking care of your personalised services.  edit
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

NAGPUR, a city, district and division of British India, in the Central Provinces. The city is 1125 ft. above the sea; railway station, 520 m. E. of Bombay. Pop. (1901) 127,734. The town is well laid out, with several parks and artificial lakes, and has numerous Hindu temples. The prettily wooded suburb of Sitabaldi contains the chief government buildings, the houses of Europeans, the railway station and the cantonments, with fort and arsenal. In the centre stands Sitabaldi Hill, crowned with the fort. Beyond the station lies the broad sheet of water known as the Jama Talao, and farther east is the city, completely hidden in a mass of foliage. Handsome tanks and gardens, constructed by the Mahratta princes, lie outside the city. The palace, built of black basalt and profusely ornamented with wood carving, was burnt down in 1864, and only the great gateway remains. The garrison consists of detachments of European and native infantry from Kampti. Nagpur is the headquarters of two corps of rifle volunteers. It is the junction of two important railway systems - the Great Indian Peninsula to Bombay and the Bengal-Nagpur to Calcutta. The large weaving population maintain their reputation for producing fine fabrics. There are steam cotton mills and machinery for ginning and pressing cotton. The gaol contains an important printing establishment. Education is provided by two aided colleges - the Hislop and the Morris, called after a missionary and a former chief commissioner; four high schools; a law school; an agricultural school, with a class for the scientific training of teachers; a normal school; a zenana mission for the management of girls' schools; an Anglican and two Catholic schools for Europeans. There are several libraries and reading rooms, and an active Anjuman or Mahommedan society.

The District Of Nagpur has an area of 384 sq. M. Pop. (1901) 751,844. It lies immediately below the great tableland of the Satpura range. A second line of hills shuts in the district on the south-west, and a third runs from north to south, parting the country into two plains of unequal size. These hills are all offshoots of the Satpuras, and nowhere attain any great elevation. Their heights are rocky and sterile, but the valleys and lowlands yield rich crops of corn and garden produce. The western plain slopes down to the river Wardha, is watered by the Jam and Madar, tributaries of the Wardha, and contains the most highly-tilled land in the district, abounding in fruit trees and the richest garden cultivation. The eastern plain (six times the larger), stretching away to the confines of Bhandara and Chanda, consists of a rich undulating country, luxuriant with mango groves and dotted towards the east with countless small tanks. It is watered by the Kanhan, with its tributaries, which flows into the Wainganga beyond the district. The principal crops are millets, wheat, oil-seeds and cotton. There are steam factories for ginning and pressing cotton at the military cantonment of Kampti, which was formerly the chief centre of trades. An important new industry is manganese mining. The district is traversed by the two lines of railway which meet at Nagpur city, and several branches are under construction.

The Division Of Nagpur comprises the five districts of Nagpur, Bhandara, Chanda, Wardha and Balaghat. Area, 23,521 sq. m. Pop. (1901) 3,728,063, showing a decrease of 9% in the decade. See Nagpur District Gazetteer (Bombay, 1908).

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