Najib Tun Razak: Wikis

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This is a Malay name; the name "Tun Razak" is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, "Mohd. Najib".
Yang Amat Berhormat Dato' Sri
 Mohd. Najib bin Tun Abdul Razak


Incumbent
Assumed office 
3 April 2009
Monarch Mizan Zainal Abidin
Deputy Muhyiddin Yassin
Preceded by Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

In office
7 January 2004 – 3 April 2009
Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Preceded by Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Succeeded by Muhyiddin Yassin

Finance Minister of Malaysia
Incumbent
Assumed office 
17 September 2008
Preceded by Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

Defence Minister of Malaysia
In office
31 October 2004 – 17 September 2008
Preceded by Mahathir bin Mohamad
Succeeded by Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

Incumbent
Assumed office 
26 March 2009
Deputy Muhyiddin Yassin
Preceded by Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

Born 23 July 1953 (1953-07-23) (age 56)
Kuala Lipis, Federation of Malaya
Political party National Front - United Malays National Organisation
Spouse(s) Tengku Puteri Zainah Tengku Eskandar (1976–1987)[1]
Rosmah Mansor
Children Mohd Nizar
Puteri Norlisa
Mohd Nazifuddin
Nooryana Najwa
Norashman Razak
Occupation Prime Minister
Religion Islam
Website 1malaysia.com.my

Dato' Sri Mohd. Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak (born July 23, 1953) is the sixth and current Prime Minister of Malaysia.[2] He previously held the post of Deputy Prime Minister from January 7, 2004 until he succeeded Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi as Prime Minister on April 3, 2009. Najib is President of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO). He is the son of Malaysia's second prime minister, Tun Abdul Razak.[3]

Contents

Personal life

Born July 23, 1953, in Kuala Lipis, Pahang, Najib is the eldest of Prime Minister Abdul Razak's six sons, and the nephew of Hussein Onn, Malaysia’s third Prime Minister. Najib’s five brothers are named Nizam, Nazim, Nazir, Nazri Aziz and Johari. His younger brother, Dato' Seri Mohd Nazir Abdul Razak[4], runs the country's second-largest lender, Bumiputra-Commerce Holdings Bhd.[5] Najib is also one of the Four Noblemen of the Pahang Darul Makmur (Royal Court) by virtue of his inherited title as the Orang Kaya Indera Shahbandar.

In 1976 Najib married Tengku Puteri Zainah Tengku Eskandar ('Ku Yie') with whom he has three children: Mohd Nizar Najib (born 1978), Mohd Nazifuddin Najib and Puteri Norlisa Najib. In 1987 he divorced Ku Yie and married Datin Seri Rosmah Mansor with whom he has two children: Mohd Norashman Najib and Nooryana Najwa Najib.

Najib was born in Kuala Lipis, Pahang, and received his primary and secondary education at St. John's Institution, Kuala Lumpur. He later attended Malvern College [6] in Worcestershire, England, and subsequently went to the University of Nottingham, where he received a bachelor's degree in industrial economics in 1974. Najib Razak returned to Malaysia in 1974 and entered the business world, serving briefly in Bank Negara (Central Bank)and later with Petronas (Malaysia's national oil company)) as a public affairs manager.[7]

Tun Abdul Razak, the 2nd Malaysian Prime Minister was Najib Tun Razak's father

Prime Minister

Najib became the sixth Prime Minister of Malaysia on 3 April 2009. Najib entered office with a focus on domestic economic issues and political reform. On his first day as Prime Minister, Najib announced as his first actions the removal of bans on two opposition newspapers, Suara Keadilan and Harakahdaily, run by the opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim-led People's Justice Party and the Pan Islamic Party, respectively, and the release of 13 people held under the Internal Security Act. He pledged to conduct a comprehensive review of the much-criticized law which allows for indefinite detention without trial. In the speech, he emphasized his commitment to tackling poverty, restructuring Malaysian society, expanding access to quality education for all, and promoting renewed “passion for public service.”[8]

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1Malaysia

1Malaysia is an on-going campaign announced by Prime Minister Najib Razak on September 16, 2008, calling for the cabinet, government agencies, and civil servants to more strongly emphasize ethnic harmony, national unity, and efficient governance.[9] The eight values of 1Malaysia as articulated by Najib Razak are perseverance, a culture of excellence, acceptance, loyalty, education, humility, integrity, and meritocracy.[10]

On September 17, 2008, Najib launched www.1Malaysia.com.my in an effort to communicate with the citizens of Malaysia more efficiently and support the broader 1Malaysia campaign, He has used the site to highlight his political and policy initiatives and to provide a forum for Malaysians to discuss government matters. 1Malaysia is also making extensive use of social media tools such as Facebook and Twitter.[11][12]

Economic liberalization

Malaysia has implemented substantial measures to attract and maintain foreign investment including a moderation of preferences designed to benefit ethnic Malays. Specifically these reforms include allowing foreign investors to hold majority stakes in most enterprises excluding "strategic" industries such as banking, telecommunications, and energy, easing insurance regulation, curtailing powers of the Foreign Investment Committee and lowering the minimum quota for Malay ownership in publicly traded companies from 30 percent to 12.5 percent. As he introduced the reforms Najib stated, "The world is changing quickly and we must be ready to change with it or risk being left behind.”[13]

Transparency initiatives

Under Najib the Malaysian government has implemented many measures that seem designed to increase transparency and government accountability. These measures include the use of Key Performance Indicators (KPI) to hold ministers accountable for their work,[14][15] using new media such as Twitter[16] and Facebook[17] to communicate with citizens about happenings in the government, opening previously closed government tenders to increased public participation and scrutiny, and soliciting public feedback on government spending[18].

Islam

In August 2007, at a conference on the role of Islamic states in a globalized world, Najib declared that Malaysia has "never been secular because being secular by Western definition means separation of the Islamic principles of in the way we govern the country." Najib said Malaysia did not want to be stereotyped with the Western definitions of a secular and a non-secular state, but rather, would apply the fundamentals of Islam to its governance, even as it protected the rights of those with other religions.[19] Najib's comments subsequently sparked a heated public debate which led to a number of Malaysia’s political parties expressing a wide variety of views on Malaysia's position as an Islamic state, secular state, or secular state in which Islam plays a special role. PAS, a member party of the opposition Pakatan Rakyat coalition, responded to Najib’s comments by demanding an immediate implementation of Hudud laws and separating males with females and Muslims from non-Muslims at public places, actions which Najib opposed.

Foreign relations and state visits

India

Prime Minister Najib traveled to India on a five-day state visit in January of 2010. His 200-strong entourage included cabinet ministers, deputy ministers, state government officials, members of parliament, and prominent business leaders. [20]During his visit Najib pushed for a free-trade agreement and cooperation across a wide range of fields.[21]Najib and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh signed an extradition treaty and agreements to cooperate in the areas of higher education and finance. The two countries have agreed to sign a free-trade agreement before the end of 2010 and Najib called for signing a "Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement" by the same date .[22] These economic agreements have resulted in plans for RM1.6 billion in investment for Malaysia. [23]In January 2010 Najib announced plans to develop a new visa regime for Indian nationals, specifically for managers and knowledge workers to visit Malaysia.[24]

Singapore

Najib made a two-day visit to Singapore, from 21-22 May 2009. During the visit, both Najib and Singaporean President Lee Hsien Loong agreed to move bilateral relations forward in a more productive manner and will either set aside or resolve the “legacy” problems between the two countries. During a speech in Singapore Najib said he hoped his visit would signal “the beginning of a new era” between the two countries.[25]

South Korea

Najib attended the ASEAN-South Korea Summit on 1 June 2009 hosted by South Korean President Lee Myung Bak. During the summit, the ASEAN-Korea Investment Agreement was signed to boost economic and trade relations between ASEAN and South Korea After the summit, Najib said Malaysia is keen on emulating South Korea in developing a small-scale nuclear reactor for power generation, as well as South Korea’s other low-carbon green technology.[26]

China

Najib made a four-day visit to China from 2-5 June 2009. During the visit, Najib mentioned his family’s special relationship with China, noting that his father, and Malaysia’s second Prime Minister, first established diplomatic relations with China in 1974. During the visit, several substantive issues were discussed in meetings between Najib and Chinese President Hu Jintao and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao. The two sides signed an endorsed strategic action plan covering 13 major areas, which will serve as the guideline for relations between Malaysia and China. Najib described the trip as most fruitful. Najib also received an honourary doctorate in international relations from the Beijing Foreign Studies University.[27]

Indonesia

Najib made a visit to Indonesia on 22-24 April 2009. Several issues were discussed, including cooperation in the tourism, oil and gas, and high-technology industries, as well as electricity supply from the Bakun dam to Kalimantan. Najib and his entourage also attended an official dinner hosted by Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and his wife Ani Yudhoyono.[28]

Cabinet

In order to keep his promise to make government smaller and more efficient Prime Minister Najib has abolished two ministries while creating the Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water. Najib has appointed total of 28 ministers. This is four fewer than the last government. Najib also named Tan Sri Dr. Koh Tsu Koon, an ethnic Chinese and leader of a minority party in the ruling coalition, to be the Minister of Unity and Performance, reflecting Najib’s commitment to reducing ethnic and religious tension.

Civil liberties

On 3 April 2009, the day he was appointed prime minister, Najib announced the lifting of bans on two opposition newspapers, Suara Keadilan and Harakah. The same day Najib announced the release of 13 people who have been detained under the Internal Security Act (ISA), which allows indefinite detention without trial. Among the released detainees are two ethnic Indian activists who were arrested in December 2007 for leading an anti-government campaign, three foreigners and eight suspected Islamic militants.

Previous political career

Ministerial portfolios

Najib has held a variety of ministerial portfolios (the first at the age of 32), culminating in the post of Minister of Defence before being chosen as the Deputy Prime Minister by then Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. Najib was first assigned into the Cabinet of Malaysia at the age of 25 when he was appointed Deputy Minister of Energy, Telecommunications and Post in 1978, becoming the youngest deputy minister in the country.[29] Najib would go on to assume myriad posts in the cabinet, including the Deputy Minister of Education, the Deputy Minister of Finance, the Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports (and its split successor, the Minister of Youth and Sports), the Minister of Education, the Minister of Defense, and the Minister of Finance beginning September 17, 2008.[30]

In addition to positions held in the federal government, Najib served as the Menteri Besar (Chief Executive) of Pahang between 1982 and 1986, becoming the youngest Menteri Besar in the state to enter office when he was sworn in at the age of 29.[31] Najib was also appointed chairman of the Livestock Development Institute (Lembaga Kemajuan Penternakan, Majuternak). During the 1986 general elections, Najib was returned as the Member of Parliament for Pekan, and was appointed as Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports. He immediately focused on improving Malaysian sports and introduced the National Sports Policy in 1988. In 1989 Malaysia achieved its best-ever performance at the South East Asia (SEA) Games, which were held that year in Kuala Lumpur.[32]

Minister of Defence

In 1991, Najib was appointed Minister of Defense. Under his direction, Malaysian troops were deployed to assist the UN peacekeeping forces in Bosnia in 1993.[33] Malay forces were greeted warmly by Bosnians as well as Serbs and Croats.[34] Malaysia also assisted peacekeeping operations in Somalia in 1993, losing one soldier in an effort to aid U.S. soldiers during the Battle of Mogadishu. Najib later criticized the UN’s Somalia operation as putting too much emphasis on military action.[35] Since then Malaysia has stated a preference for participating in Chapter 6 “peace enforcement” missions, rather than Chapter 7 “peacekeeping” missions.[36] After four years at the Ministry of Defense, Najib assumed control of the Education Ministry in 1995. He returned to the Ministry of Defense in 2000.

During his second tenure as Minister of Defense Najib coordinated Malaysia’s relief efforts following the Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004, and provided support to Indonesia in arresting those responsible for the 2004 Bali bombings.[37] Najib also oversaw the deployment of Malaysian troops as a part of a UN peacekeeping force in 2006, when Malaysia volunteered to help stabilize Lebanon following the 2006 Lebanon War.[38]

Procurement scandals

Opposition figures pushed for an investigation of Najib's involvement in the procurement of 12 helicopters that they contend was conducted improperly. It is claimed that the Defence Ministry massively overpaid when buying aircraft from Eurocopter for the Royal Malaysian Air Force. On October 14, 2008 Anwar called for an investigation into the Eurocopter deal.[39] Soon after the opposition Pakatan Rakyat Youth lodged a formal complaint against Najib for alleged wrongdoing in the Eurocopter deal.[40] The complaint claimed that Malaysia signed a letter of intent to acquire 12 Eurocopter EC725 Cougar helicopters for the sum of RM2.3 billion while Brazil paid only US$1.2 billion for 50 units of the same model. A Malaysian parliamentary panel, The Public Accounts Committee (PAC), composed of government and opposition lawmakers, investigated[40] and cleared the government and Najib of any wrongdoing. It was found that the transaction properly followed Malaysia’s procurement procedures.[41]

The Malaysian opposition has also accused Najib of involvement in the receipt of large commissions for the purchases of two Scorpene submarines and 18 Sukhoi fighter jets.[42]

The fighter jet deal, worth US$900 million (RM3.2 billion), was through a Russian state company, Federal State Unitary Enterprise 'Rosoboronexport' on May 19, 2003. A company called IMT Defence Sdn. Bhd. was appointed the local agent for the Russian company and received 12 percent of the purchase price, US$108 million (RM380 million). The principal figure and chairman of IMT Defence is Mohamad Adib Adam, the former chief minister of Malacca, the previous Land and Development Minister and a longtime UMNO stalwart. The involvement of IMT Defence only became known because in March 2005, a former director of IMT, Mohamad Zainuri Mohamad Idrus, filed suit against several Adib-related companies, alleging that Adib and his sister, Askiah Adam wanted to prevent him from exposing the Sukhoi deal. In 2006, Mohamad Zainuri lodged a police report alleging that Adib had stolen the US$108 million commission that was supposed to be channeled to the company while Najib was the Defence Minister.[43]

PSC-Naval Dockyard was contracted to deliver six patrol boats for the Malaysian Navy in 2004 and complete delivery by April 2008. Those were supposed to be the first of 27 offshore vessels ultimately to cost RM24 billion plus the right to maintain and repair all of the country's naval craft. But only two barely operational patrol boats had been delivered by mid-2006. There were 298 recorded complaints about the two boats, which were also found to have 100 and 383 uncompleted items aboard them respectively.[44] The original RM5.35 billion contract ballooned to RM6.75 billion by January 2007. The auditor also reported that the ministry had paid out RM4.26 billion to PSC up to December 2006 although only RM2.87 billion of work had been done, an overpayment of RM1.39 billion, or 48 percent. In addition, Malaysia's cabinet waived late penalties of RM214 million. Between December 1999, according to the Auditor General, 14 progressive payments amounting to RM943 million despite the fact that the auditor general could find no payment vouchers or relevant documents dealing with the payments. The auditor general attributed the failure to serious financial mismanagement and technical incompetence stemming from the fact that PSC had never built anything but trawlers or police boats before being given the contract by Najib and the Ministry of Defense.[45]

National Service

As Defense Minister, Najib instituted compulsory military service in December 2003, stating that it would encourage interaction and friendship between youth of different ethnic groups and religions.[46]

During its first five years of operation, over 339,000 Malaysian youth participated in the PLKN (the Bahasa Malaysian acronym for "Malaysian National Service"),[47] which is intended to promote tolerance, team work, and community engagement. The programme, however, has faced administrative challenges. Some facilities have been reported as substandard, there have been instances of food poisoning, and service avoidance continues to be an issue. During its first five years of operation, 16 participants died during, or shortly after, their term of service.[48] In response, Najib strengthened the PLKN's health screening requirements and reinforced the government’s commitment to punish negligent PLKN officials.[49] In 2008, after 13 years in total serving as Minister of Defense, Najib left that portfolio to manage the Ministry of Finance.[50]

Minister of Education

In 1995, Najib left the Defense Ministry for the first time when he was appointed Minister of Education. His challenge was to respond to Malaysia's newly proclaimed aspiration to become a fully developed nation by the year 2020. During his five-year tenure, Najib restructured the Ministry, created an independent corporate structure for the public universities, and encouraged collaboration with foreign universities and institutions.[51] This was accomplished through the 1996 Private Higher Education Institutions Act, which for the first time allowed foreign universities to establish degree-conferring schools in Malaysia, providing greater educational opportunities for Malaysians and positioning Malaysia as a regional learning hub.[52] Najib also upgraded teaching certificates to the status of diplomas, so that teachers in that category would receive a higher monthly starting salary.[53]

Minister of Finance

In September 2008, Najib traded portfolios with Abdullah Badawi, the Prime Minister, and assumed control of the Ministry of Finance.[54] In the midst of the global financial crisis, Malaysia was faced with an international recession and reduced levels of trade throughout the South Asian region. In response, Najib announced a series of stimulus packages to be implemented over a two year period with the intention of acting as a countercyclical response that would cushion Malaysia’s economy. He also pressed for the country to move beyond existing manufacturing capabilities through education, research and development to develop greater strength as a provider of sophisticated business services.[55]

Deputy Prime Minister

Upon his appointment in 2004 as Deputy Prime Minister, Najib was given a broad portfolio of responsibilities, including oversight of FELDA, the Human Rights Commission (SUHAKAM), and the Election Commission. Najib also chaired more than 28 cabinet committees, which preside over a wide range of issues.[56]

On January 29, 2008, Najib also took over as Perak UMNO liaison committee chairman and state Barisan Nasional chairman, replacing former Perak Menteri Besar Datuk Seri Tajol Rosli Ghazali who resigned from the posts.[57]

Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports

After the 1986 general elections Najib was appointed Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports. During his time in this position Malaysia made its best ever showing in the Sea Games. Najib was also the architect of Malaysia's National Sports Policy which promotes the development of sport in general and provides monetary incentives for athletes that win medals at the Olympics.[58]

Parliament

In 1976 Najib was tapped by UMNO to contest the Pekan parliamentary seat vacated by the death of his father. The national outpouring of grief following Tun Razak's death and the respect for his father helped Najib win election unopposed as Member of Parliament at the very young age of 23.[3] In 1986 Najib won re-election to the same seat.[3] During the 1999 general elections Najib suffered a major setback when he barely won-re-election by a margin of 241 compared to a margin of over 10,000 in the previous election. Although a surprise to political observers it was understandable given the political upheavals of 1999.[3] The 2004 general elections, which came a few months after Najib's appointment as Deputy Prime Minister, saw him win re-election with a by a very large margin of 22,922 votes.[3] In the 2008 general election, Najib won with a majority of 26,464 votes. It was the largest majority for any Barisan Nasional candidate. Najib won handily despite a poor showing by the government.[3]

UMNO

Najib was appointed head of UMNO Youth's Pekan branch and became a member of UMNO Youth's Executive Council (Exco) in 1976. In 1981, he was selected as a member of UMNO's Supreme Council, before winning the post of Vice President of UMNO Youth in 1982.[59]

In 1987, Najib was selected as the acting head of the Movement of UMNO Youth by Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim after Anwar was asked to contest the post of UMNO Vice President. Following mounting ethnic tensions anti-Chinese sentiments were expressed at a UMNO Youth rally held in Kampung Baru, Kuala Lumpur the same year where Najib spoke. Rising tensions soon lead to fears of ethnic violence and eventually resulted in a security operation known as Operasi Lalang, that included numerous administrative detentions[60]. In spite of his reputation as a Malay nationalist, Najib has made efforts that seem to be intended to reduce ethnic tension. In a speech in April 2009, Najib congratulated the ethnic Chinese for playing an important role in Malaysia's development.[61] In June 2009 Najib overturned a rule that required 30% Malay ownership in corporations, and allowed non-ethnic Malays, like the Chinese and the Indians to exercise more financial control in Malaysia. Najib has also worked to improve relations with Singapore, which is seen by many as Chinese-dominated, to encourage it to invest more heavily in the Malaysian economy.[62]

Following the complete reorganisation and founding of the "New" UMNO by Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad in the aftermath of the 1988 Malaysian constitutional crisis, Najib was appointed president of UMNO Youth in 1988.[63]

By 1993, Najib was elected as one of six vice presidents of UMNO in response to Anwar's decision to contest as the deputy president of UMNO. Najib continued to defend his post in party elections held in 1993, 1996, and 2004.[64]

After a poor showing by the ruling UMNO coalition in the elections of March 8, 2008 in which opposition parties gained control of five of thirteen Malaysian state governments, Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi identified Deputy Prime Minister Najib as his intended successor. On October 8, 2008, Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi announced he would step down in March 2009, paving the way for Deputy Prime Minister Najib Razak to succeed him. However he said the onus was on Najib to win party elections set for March before he could take over.[65] Najib ran for the presidency of UMNO and went on to win on November 2, 2008, without contest.[66]

On March 26, 2009, Najib won the UMNO presidency unopposed.[67]

The Perak crisis

Najib’s first significant political crisis as Prime Minister erupted after three months of escalating legal and political disputes came to a head in May 2009 over control of the government of the state of Perak, the second-largest state in peninsula Malaysia. The dispute involving the legitimacy of the state government began with the announcement by a Barisan Nasional politician to change parties to the opposition Pakatan Rakyat. He then returned to Barisan Nasional, together with three Pakatan Rakyat representatives who agreed to now shift their votes to Barisan, in a deal said to have been brokered by Najib when he was Deputy Prime Minister. After the Sultan of Perak dismissed the Pakatan Rakyat government in favour of a new Barisan administration, a constitutional crisis developed, which included dozens of arrests of Pakatan political figures over the course of their efforts to prevent the seating of a new Barisan-led government in Perak. . On May 11, 2009, the Kuala Lumpur High Court ruled that the Sultan was not constitutionally permitted to dismiss the previous government. On May 22, 2009, the Court of Appeal overturned the High Court decision, and confirmed that Barisan should remain in power, prompting the promise of further appeals by Pakatan.

While the Perak crisis reflected a struggle over control at the state level, opposition figures focused on Najib’s alleged role in securing the defections from Pakatan, and demanded new elections in the state. In turn, Najib stated his position that Malaysia’s political system required rule of law to be followed, and that judicial decisions would determine the outcome of the Perak crisis, which should be based on existing laws and regulations.[68] Pakatan Rakyat's lawyers in highlighting their case stated that the ruler, was duty-bound under the Perak Constitution to take advice only from the MB and no other, except when the legislative assembly when it is in session which was not the case at that time. The Sultan at that time acted on the advice of Najib which they said was unconstitutional.[69]

Defections of Pakatan Rakyat members

In February 2009, a divisional head of Keadilan, Fauzi Muda, claimed Najib tried to induce him to engineer the defection of two Pakatan Rakyat members of the Perak State Assembly.[70] According to PKR vice- president Datuk Syed Husin Ali all the state councillors and members of parliament who resigned from PKR had met with the Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak or his wife Datin Seri Rosmah Mansor prior to their exit. He also said it was also well-known that these renegades had financial problems and were being investigated by the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission.[71][72] Anwar Ibrahim has also accused Datuk Seri Najib Razak and his wife Datin Seri Rosmah Mansor of being behind the latest resignations from PKR.[73] PKR leaders have called on the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission to investigate speculation that Prime Minister Najib Razak had given his cousin a juicy Independent Power Plant contract so that they could finance the defections of at least ten Pakatan Rakyat federal lawmakers into the Umno-BN. PKR has stated that Najib and his cronies had prepared an allocation in the sum of millions of ringgit for the specific purpose of buying over MPs and state assemblymen especially from PKR.[74] The allegations stated that the Kudat IPP contract comes with a commission of RM50 million and that this money was being used to pay off the opposition Members of Parliament as an inducement to cross over.[75][76] According to PAS vice president Mahfuz Omar, not only the majority of Umno members but also the Malay community could see through the desperation in Najib's attempts to buy over members of Parliament from the Pakatan Rakyat coalition.[77] Zaid Ibrahim, a senior official in PKR (and former Minister in the Barisan Nasional government.[78]), accused Najib of being “two-thirds crazy" for what Zaid cited as Najib's attempts to bribe opposition politicians to defect. Zaid appealed to Najib to "respect the country’s democratic system and to think about the future stability of the nation".[79]

Altantuya Shaariibuu

Abdul Razak Baginda, an associate of Prime Minister Najib and director of the Strategic Research Center, was charged and then acquitted in the murder of Altantuya Shaariibuu. Altantuya was involved with Baginda in a romantic relationship and had a son by him.[80] Two police officers formerly tasked with protecting Malaysian leaders, including Najib, charged along with Baginda have been convicted and sentenced to death by hanging. During the trial, the judge rejected a requested by Altantuya’s family to compel testimony from Najib.[81][82][83]

Some opposition figures claim that Prime Minister Najib was involved in Altantuya’s murder. Najib strongly denies any connection to the killing and has even sworn on the Koran to this effect.[84][85][86] P. Balasubramaniam, a private detective, signed a statutory declaration implicating Najib and then later withdrew it claiming that it was made under duress. Balasubramaniam claimed that figures connected with the prime minister bribed and intimidated him into recanting.[87][88][89][90][91][92] Raja Petra, a prominent opposition blogger, has been charged with criminal libel for claiming that Najib’s wife was connected to Altantuya’s murder.[93]

The French newspaper Liberation claimed that Najib Razak had indeed met with Altantuya, who was the mistress of Abdul Razak Baginda, his close aide and associate, in Paris in 2005. It mentioned that a photograph was allegedly taken showing the three in a Paris nightclub.[94] Keadilan party information chief Tian Chua earlier posted a fake photo of Najib with the victim and Razak Baginda which he claimed was a work of satire.[95]

Notes and references

  1. ^ Rais Yatim (1987). Faces in the Corridors of Power: A Pictorial Depiction of Malaysian Personalities in Positions of Power and Authority. Pelanduk Publications. p. 148. ISBN 9679781763. 
  2. ^ [Official Biography, 1Malaysia, http://www.1malaysia.com.my/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=63&Itemid=64&lang=en]
  3. ^ a b c d e f [Official Biography, Office of the Prime Minister, Government of Malaysia, http://www.pmo.gov.my/?menu=page&page=1926]
  4. ^ CIMB Group, 25 May 2009.
  5. ^ Malaysia Insider, 26 December 2008.
  6. ^ ["Profile: Najib Razak," Daily Telegraph, April 3, 2009, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/malaysia/5099246/Profile-Najib-Razak.html]
  7. ^ [“How Najib and Abdullah rose to nation’s top post,” Daily Express, April 4, 2009, http://www.dailyexpress.com.my/news.cfm?NewsID=63996]
  8. ^ [Najib Maiden Speech, “People First, Performance Now,” text provided at http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2009/4/3/nation/20090403201619&sec=nation.]
  9. ^ {National Unity Ultimate Objective Of 1Malaysia, Says Najib, http://www.bernama.com/bernama/v3/news_lite.php?id=418020]
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ 1Malaysia Twitter
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ [Malaysia in major liberalisation drive, Financial Times, http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/9daad488-6538-11de-8e34-00144feabdc0.html?nclick_check=1, June 30, 2009]
  14. ^ "KRAs the focus of next year’s Budget and Malaysia Plan". The Star. 2009-09-05. http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2009/9/5/nation/4660469&sec=nation. 
  15. ^ "Setting targets in the public service". The Star. 2009-08-31. http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2009/8/31/nation/4610603&sec=nation. 
  16. ^ [Najib's Twitter page, http://twitter.com/NajibRazak]
  17. ^ [Najib's Facebook page,http://facebook.com/najibrazak]
  18. ^ [Malaysian Treasury, http://rangsanganekonomi.treasury.gov.my/index.php?lang=en]
  19. ^ [3]
  20. ^ ["Najib set to create history with Chennai visit", M. Veera Pandiyan, The Star, 20 January 2010]
  21. ^ ["Malaysia to push for FTA during PM Razak visit", R. Vasudevan, Asian Tribune, 19 January 2010]
  22. ^ ["India, Malaysia sign extradition pact, boost economic ties", DPA, 20 January 2010 ]
  23. ^ {"PM's visit to India draws RM1.6b in potential deals", by Rupa Damodaran, Business Times, 15 February 2010"]
  24. ^ "Clinch economic pact by year-end: Malaysia", Bernama, 23 January 2010
  25. ^ ["Ties with Singapore to move forward", Clarissa Oon, The Straits Times, 23 May 2009]
  26. ^ ["Signing of FTA signifies success of ASEAN-Korea Summit", Bernama, 3 June 2009]
  27. ^ ["Najib’s visit marks milestone in Malaysia-China friendship". The Star, 4 June 2009]
  28. ^ ["http://docs.google.com/Doc?id=dpczps8_4hn7x5nfs&btr=EmailImport", Bernama, 24 April 2009]
  29. ^ [4], April 4, 2009.
  30. ^ [5], April 2, 2009.
  31. ^ Online, 2009/04/05
  32. ^ [6]
  33. ^ March 5 2009
  34. ^ August 18 2006
  35. ^ [“American soldiers 'held hostage by warlord',” The Herald, 06 October 1993]
  36. ^ [7]
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External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
2004–2009
Succeeded by
Muhyiddin Yassin
Preceded by
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Finance Minister of Malaysia
2008–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Prime Minister of Malaysia
2009–present
Incumbent

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Najib Razak article)

From Wikiquote

Najib Razak (1953 - ) Malaysian politician and current Prime Minister

Sourced

  • In our national discourse and in pursuing our national agenda, we must never leave anyone behind. We must reach out to the many who may have been disaffected and left confused by political games, deceit and showmanship. The people first must transcend every level of society.
  • Malaysia-Singapore bilateral relations can blossom beautifully if cultivated and nurtured like an orchid plant.

External links

Wikipedia
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