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Republic of Namibia
Flag Coat of arms
Motto"Unity, Liberty, Justice"
Anthem"Namibia, Land of the Brave"
Capital
(and largest city)
Windhoek
22°34.2′S 17°5.167′E / 22.57°S 17.086117°E / -22.57; 17.086117
Official language(s) English
Recognised regional languages Afrikaans, German, Oshiwambo
Demonym Namibian
Government Republic
 -  President Hifikepunye Pohamba
 -  Prime minister Nahas Angula
Independence from South Africa 
 -  Date 21 March 1990 
Area
 -  Total 825,418 km2 (34th)
318,696 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  2009 estimate 2,108,665[1] (142nd)
 -  2008 census 2,088,669 
 -  Density 2.5/km2 (235th)
6.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $13.653 billion[2] 
 -  Per capita $6,611[2] 
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $8.835 billion[2] 
 -  Per capita $4,278[2] 
Gini (2003) 70.7[1] (high) (1st)
HDI (2007) 0.686 (medium) (128th)
Currency Namibian dollar (NAD)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) WAST (UTC+2)
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .na
Calling code +264
.Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (Afrikaans Republiek van Namibië, German: Republik Namibia), is a country in Southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.^ Namibia, a large and sparsely populated country on Africa's southwest coast, has a population of approximately 2.1 million.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It shares land borders with Angola and Zambia to the north, Botswana and Zimbabwe to the east, and South Africa to the south and east. .It gained independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990 following the Namibian War of Independence.^ Introduction Namibia is a young democracy having gained independence from South Africa in 1990.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It gained independence in 1990 after a century of foreign domination, including a period of half a century of apartheid.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Its capital and largest city is Windhoek (German: Windhuk).
.Namibia is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), the Commonwealth of Nations and many other international organisations.^ Namibia will ensure that agreements between Namibia or any Provider, on the one hand, and a United States for-profit Covered Provider, on the other hand, that are financed with MCC Funding state that the United States for-profit organization is subject to audit by the applicable United States Government agency, unless Namibia and MCC agree otherwise in writing.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Compact means the Millennium Challenge Compact entered into between the United States of America, acting through the Millennium Challenge Corporation, and the Republic of Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In matters arising under or relating to this Compact, the Program Implementation Agreement, or any supplemental agreement, neither MCC nor the United States Government will be subject to the jurisdiction of the courts or any other body of Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It has been given many names: "the land of contrasts," "the land God made in anger," "the ageless land."[citation needed] .For many years it was known only as South West Africa, but it adopted the name Namibia, after the Namib Desert.^ Introduction Namibia is a young democracy having gained independence from South Africa in 1990.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is the second least densely populated country in the world, after Mongolia.
The dry lands of Namibia were inhabited since early times by Bushmen, Damara, Namaqua, and since about the 14th century AD, by immigrating Bantu who came with the Bantu expansion. It was visited by the British and Dutch missionaries during the late 18th century. .It was also visited by Dorsland trekkers (also known as Junker Boers) in 1879,[3] but became a German Imperial protectorate in 1884. In 1920, the League of Nations mandated the country to South Africa, which imposed their laws and from 1948, their apartheid policy.^ Firms and individuals from any country subject to sanction or restriction by law or policy of the United States are not eligible to compete for MCC-funded contracts.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, --------------------------------------------------------------------------- \40\ Firms and individuals from any country subject to sanction or restriction by law or policy of the United States are not eligible to compete for MCC-funded contracts.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1966, uprisings and demands by African leaders led the United Nations to assume direct responsibility over the territory, and recognizing South West Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO) as official representative of the Namibian people in 1973. Namibia, however, remained under South African administration during this time.^ South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Angola, Namibia to get the minority groups assistance in organizing themselves and to participate in planning, decision-making at all levels - national, regional, Africa region and internatioinal, with other indigenous populations.
  • http://www.un.org/africa/osaa/ngodirectory/dest/countries/Namibia.htm 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.un.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MCA-Namibia means the National Planning Commission of the Republic of Namibia, in its capacity as the accountable entity responsible to oversee, manage and implement the Program, on behalf of the Republic of Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Introduction Namibia is a young democracy having gained independence from South Africa in 1990.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Following internal violence, South Africa installed an interim administration in Namibia in 1985. Namibia obtained full independence from South Africa in 1990 (with the exception of Walvis Bay - a city that remained under South African control until 1994). The country also officially changed its name from South West Africa to Namibia in 1990.
.Namibia has a population of 2.1 million people and a stable multiparty parliamentary democracy.^ Namibia, a large and sparsely populated country on Africa's southwest coast, has a population of approximately 2.1 million.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Agriculture, herding, tourism and mining of precious stones and metals form the backbone of Namibia's economy.^ As a result of the volatility of the mining sector, the GRN is focusing on diversifying Namibia's economy with particular emphasis on two of the fastest growing sectors--agriculture and tourism.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In connection with this obligation Namibia has developed a budget over the five year term of the Compact to complement MCC Funding through budget allocations to its sectors in education, tourism and agriculture.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Approximately half the population live below the international poverty line of U.S.$1.25 a day,[4] and the nation has suffered heavily from the effects of HIV/AIDS, with 15% of the adult population infected with HIV in 2007.[5]

Contents

History

The dry lands of Namibia were inhabited since early times by Bushmen, Damara, Namaqua, and since about the 14th century AD, by immigrating Bantu who came with the Bantu expansion. The first Europeans to disembark and explore the region were the Portuguese navigators Diogo Cão in 1485 and Bartolomeu Dias in 1486, still the region was not claimed by the Portuguese crown. However, like most of Sub-Saharan Africa, Namibia was not extensively explored by Europeans until the 19th century, when traders and settlers arrived, principally from Germany and Sweden.
.Namibia became a German colony in 1884 to forestall British encroachment and was known as German South-West Africa (Deutsch-Südwestafrika)[6] – apart from Walvis Bay, which was under British control.^ Introduction Namibia is a young democracy having gained independence from South Africa in 1990.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From 1904 to 1907, the Herero and the Namaqua took up arms against the Germans and in the subsequent Herero and Namaqua genocide, 10,000 Nama (half the population) and approximately 65,000 Hereros (about 80% of the population) were killed [7][8].^ Based on MCA-N forecasts, the RSRCs would serve at least 8,000 individuals a year (about 10 percent of population of the towns where the centers are located).
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

South Africa occupied the colony during World War I and administered it as a League of Nations mandate territory.
Following the League's supersession by the United Nations in 1946, South Africa refused to surrender its earlier mandate to be replaced by a United Nations Trusteeship agreement, requiring closer international monitoring of the territory's administration. .Although the South African government wanted to incorporate 'South-West Africa' into its territory, it never officially did so, although it was administered as the de facto 'fifth province', with the white minority having representation in the whites-only Parliament of South Africa.^ Introduction Namibia is a young democracy having gained independence from South Africa in 1990.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Program Management The GRN will incorporate the Compact program into its existing government systems.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1966, the South-West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO) military wing, People's Liberation Army of Namibia, a guerrilla group launched a war of independence, but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration of Namibia, in accordance with a United Nations peace plan for the entire region.^ South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Angola, Namibia to get the minority groups assistance in organizing themselves and to participate in planning, decision-making at all levels - national, regional, Africa region and internatioinal, with other indigenous populations.
  • http://www.un.org/africa/osaa/ngodirectory/dest/countries/Namibia.htm 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.un.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To the extent engaged by MCA-Namibia, such an independent evaluator will review the plans for the collection of baseline data and, as applicable, plans for selecting comparison groups.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Namibia held consultations in all 13 regions of the country and began national level consultations in mid- 2006, which have been on-going particularly in those sectors that the Program will support.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Transition for independence started in 1989 but it was only on 21 March 1990 in which the country officially claimed full independence. .Walvis Bay was ceded to Namibia in 1994 upon the end of Apartheid in South Africa.^ Introduction Namibia is a young democracy having gained independence from South Africa in 1990.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Politics

Tintenpalast, the centre of government
.The politics of Namibia takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the president of Namibia is elected to a five-year term and is both the head of state and the head of government, and of a multi-party system.^ Compact means the Millennium Challenge Compact entered into between the United States of America, acting through the Millennium Challenge Corporation, and the Republic of Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following 25 years of struggle for independence, the government of Namibia (the ``GRN '') is committed to providing equal opportunities to previously disadvantaged populations, while advancing interracial reconciliation to maintain political and economic stability.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Government-owned enterprises in the Republic of Namibia may participate if they are receiving no state subsidy and can demonstrate that they do not receive a cross-subsidy of income as a result of statutory powers.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the bicameral Parliament, the National Assembly and the National Council. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.[9][10][11] The management of the rule of law and the observance of basic human rights in Namibia are constantly scrutinized.[12] .The bi-annual "Namibia Law Journal" provides a forum for legal practitioners and academics to comment on and discuss issues of legal importance as an indispensable tool for the development of law and the maintenance of the rule of law in Namibia.^ As appropriate, MCC may take part in discussions between MCA-Namibia and the consultants and, if necessary, may help MCA-Namibia in addressing issues related to the assignment.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Namibia's contribution remains subject to any legal requirements in Namibia for the budgeting and appropriation of such contribution, including approval of Namibia's annual budget by its Parliament.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To participate in the the development of small and medium size enterprises through training and consultation services provided to SMEs as well as other service providers operating in Namibia.
  • http://www.un.org/africa/osaa/ngodirectory/dest/countries/Namibia.htm 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.un.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13] [14]
.In 2008, Namibia ranked 6th on the Ibrahim Index of African Governance, out of 48 sub-Saharan African countries.^ Representatives of the United States Government and the Republic of Namibia executed the Compact documents on July 28, 2008.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Ibrahim Index is a comprehensive measure of African governance, based on a number of different variables which reflect the success with which governments deliver essential political goods to its citizens.[15] .Namibia held Presidential and the National Assembly elections on 27 and 28 November 2009. The Electoral Commission of Namibia published a "Handbook for Election Observers in Namibia" to enable observers (and party agents) to professionally observe the Presidential and National Assembly Elections 2009, the Regional Councils and Local Authorities Elections 2010 and subsequent By-Elections.^ Namibia held consultations in all 13 regions of the country and began national level consultations in mid- 2006, which have been on-going particularly in those sectors that the Program will support.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MCA-Namibia means the National Planning Commission of the Republic of Namibia, in its capacity as the accountable entity responsible to oversee, manage and implement the Program, on behalf of the Republic of Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Commission currently consists of 14 members, six of whom are ministers specified by the NPC's enabling statute, with the remaining members appointed by the President of Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16]

Regions and constituencies

.Namibia is divided into 13 regions and subdivided into 107 constituencies.^ Namibia held consultations in all 13 regions of the country and began national level consultations in mid- 2006, which have been on-going particularly in those sectors that the Program will support.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MCA-Namibia may divide these criteria into sub-criteria.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Foreign relations

.Namibia follows a largely independent foreign policy, with lingering affiliations with states that aided the independence struggle, including Libya and Cuba.^ Following 25 years of struggle for independence, the government of Namibia (the ``GRN '') is committed to providing equal opportunities to previously disadvantaged populations, while advancing interracial reconciliation to maintain political and economic stability.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It gained independence in 1990 after a century of foreign domination, including a period of half a century of apartheid.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

With a small army and a fragile economy, the Namibian Government's principal foreign policy concern is developing strengthened ties within the Southern African region. .A dynamic member of the Southern African Development Community, Namibia is a vocal advocate for greater regional integration.^ USAID As a member of ETSIP, MCC and MCA-Namibia have had ongoing discussions with USAID in the development of this Compact.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The development and marketing of local and regional tourism route packages will focus on conservancy sites with the explicit aim of directing anticipated increases in tourism visitors to communal areas.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Namibia became the 160th member of the United Nations on 23 April 1990. On its independence it became the fiftieth member of the Commonwealth of Nations.^ Introduction Namibia is a young democracy having gained independence from South Africa in 1990.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
The Reporters Without Borders' Worldwide Press Freedom Index 2007[17] ranks Namibia as 25th out of 169 countries, as compared with 56th out of 166 in 2003, and 31st out of 139 in 2002.

International disputes

Namibia is involved in several minor international disputes, including:
  • Small residual disputes with Botswana along the Caprivi Strip, including the Situngu marshlands and specifically Kasikili or Sedudu Island..July 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed]
  • A dormant dispute over where the boundaries of Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe converge.^ South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Angola, Namibia to get the minority groups assistance in organizing themselves and to participate in planning, decision-making at all levels - national, regional, Africa region and internatioinal, with other indigenous populations.
    • http://www.un.org/africa/osaa/ngodirectory/dest/countries/Namibia.htm 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.un.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [citation needed]
  • Disputes over Angolan rebels and refugees residing in Namibia.[citation needed]

Geography and climate

A map of Namibia, based on radar images from The Map Library
At 825,418 km2 (318,696 sq mi),[18] Namibia is the world's thirty-fourth largest country (after Venezuela). .After Mongolia, Namibia is the least densely populated country in the world (2.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (6.5 /sq mi)).^ Namibia, a large and sparsely populated country on Africa's southwest coast, has a population of approximately 2.1 million.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Namibia is classified as a lower-middle income country (``LMIC '') with a population of 2.1 million, 2006 per capita of $3,000, and a steady economic growth rate averaging 4.3 percent per annum.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ B. Tourism Project Over the past 10 years, Namibia's tourism sector has enjoyed strong growth of 6.9 percent per annum (source: World Travel and Tourism Council 2007).
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Namibian landscape consists generally of five geographical areas, each with characteristic abiotic conditions and vegetation with some variation within and overlap between them: the Central Plateau, the Namib Desert, the Great Escarpment, the Bushveld, and the Kalahari Desert.^ Namibia has generally achieved gender parity within its school system, although there are some differences between regions and some school phases.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although the climate is generally extremely dry, there are a few exceptions.^ Namibia has generally achieved gender parity within its school system, although there are some differences between regions and some school phases.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The cold, north-flowing Benguela current of the Atlantic Ocean accounts for some of the low precipitation.
Climate data for Namibia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
29
(84)
28
(82)
26
(79)
23
(73)
21
(70)
21
(70)
24
(75)
27
(81)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 18
(64)
17
(63)
16
(61)
13
(55)
9
(48)
7
(45)
6
(43)
9
(48)
12
(54)
15
(59)
16
(61)
17
(63)
6
(43)
Precipitation mm (inches) 76
(2.99)
74
(2.91)
79
(3.11)
41
(1.61)
8
(0.31)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(0.12)
10
(0.39)
23
(0.91)
48
(1.89)
362
(14.25)
Source: {{{accessdate}}}
Namib Escarpment
Windhoek skyline

Central Plateau

The Central Plateau runs from north to south, bordered by the Skeleton Coast to the northwest, the Namib Desert and its coastal plains to the southwest, the Orange River to the south, and the Kalahari Desert to the east. The Central Plateau is home to the highest point in Namibia at Königstein elevation 2,606 meters (8,550 ft).[19] .Within the wide, flat Central Plateau is the majority of Namibia’s population and economic activity.^ Program Logic The M&E Plan will be built on a series of logic models which illustrate how the Program, Projects and Project Activities contribute to poverty reduction and economic growth in Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Through ETSIP, Namibia coordinates donors to participate in a sector-wide program mainly through budget support and extra-budgetary support, and the Activities of the Education Project are drawn from this program.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This appears to confirm that, in general, there is consensus within Namibia on priorities for economic growth.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Windhoek, the nation’s capital, is located here, as well as most of the arable land. Although arable land accounts for only 1% of Namibia, nearly half of the population is employed in agriculture.[20]
The abiotic conditions here are similar to those found along the Escarpment, described below; however the topographic complexity is reduced. Summer temperatures in the area can reach 40 °C, and frosts are common in the winter.

Namib Desert

The Namib Desert is a broad expanse of hyper-arid gravel plains and dunes that stretches along the entire coastline, which varies in width between 100 to many hundreds of kilometres. Areas within the Namib include the Skeleton Coast and the Kaokoveld in the north and the extensive Namib Sand Sea along the central coast.[21] The sands that make up the sand sea are a consequence of erosional processes that take place within the Orange River valley and areas further to the south. As sand-laden waters drop their suspended loads into the Atlantic, onshore currents deposit them along the shore. The prevailing south west winds then pick up and redeposit the sand in the form of massive dunes in the widespread sand sea, the largest sand dunes in the world. In areas where the supply of sand is reduced because of the inability of the sand to cross riverbeds, the winds also scour the land to form large gravel plains. In many areas within the Namib Desert, there is little vegetation with the exception of lichens found in the gravel plains, and in dry river beds where plants can access subterranean water.

Great Escarpment

The Great Escarpment swiftly rises to over 2,000 meters (6,562 ft). Average temperatures and temperature ranges increase as you move further inland from the cold Atlantic waters, while the lingering coastal fogs slowly diminish. .Although the area is rocky with poorly developed soils, it is nonetheless significantly more productive than the Namib Desert.^ HDB flat (whole unit, no owner), budget not more than $1300, at jurong area.
  • Namibia classified for properties, jobs, car, dating ,free, posting, listing, online advertisement,internet banner ad,ads,advertise. 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.ads4namibia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

As summer winds are forced over the Escarpment, moisture is extracted as precipitation.[22] The water, along with rapidly changing topography, is responsible for the creation of microhabitats which offer a wide range of organisms, many of them endemic. Vegetation along the escarpment varies in both form and density, with community structure ranging from dense woodlands to more shrubby areas with scattered trees. A number of Acacia species are found here, as well as grasses and other shrubby vegetation.

Bushveld

The Bushveld is found in north eastern Namibia along the Angolan border and in the Caprivi Strip which is the vestige of a narrow corridor demarcated for the German Empire to access the Zambezi River. The area receives a significantly greater amount of precipitation than the rest of the country, averaging around 400 mm (15.7 in) per year. Temperatures are also cooler and more moderate, with approximate seasonal variations of between 10 °C (50 °F) and 30 °C (86 °F). The area is generally flat and the soils sandy, limiting their ability to retain water.[23] Located adjacent to the Bushveld in north-central Namibia is one of nature’s most spectacular features: the Etosha Pan. For most of the year it is a dry, saline wasteland, but during the wet season, it forms a shallow lake covering more than 6000 square kilometres. The area is ecologically important and vital to the huge numbers of birds and animals from the surrounding savannah that gather in the region as summer drought forces them to the scattered waterholes that ring the pan. The Bushveld area has been demarcated by the World Wildlife Fund as part of the Angolan Mopane woodlands ecoregion, which extends north across the Cunene River into neighbouring Angola.

Kalahari Desert

The Kalahari Desert is perhaps Namibia’s best known geographical feature. Shared with South Africa and Botswana, it has a variety of localized environments ranging from hyper-arid sandy desert, to areas that seem to defy the common definition of desert. .One of these areas, known as the Succulent Karoo, is home to over 5,000 species of plants, nearly half of them endemic; fully one third of the world’s succulents are found in the Karoo.^ Part Time Job at Home Any one can do it very easily Easy Money Creation procures a wide variety of services from companies around the world.
  • Namibia classified for properties, jobs, car, dating ,free, posting, listing, online advertisement,internet banner ad,ads,advertise. 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.ads4namibia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The reason behind this high productivity and endemism may be the relatively stable nature of precipitation.[24] .The Karoo apparently does not experience drought on a regular basis, so even though the area is technically desert, regular winter rains provide enough moisture to support the region’s interesting plant community.^ The Tourism Project will also provide technical assistance to support MET's efforts to meet these performance targets.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The development and marketing of local and regional tourism route packages will focus on conservancy sites with the explicit aim of directing anticipated increases in tourism visitors to communal areas.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The communal land support sub-activity is intended to reduce land degradation and provide more secure access to land for the residents of the NCAs.
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Another feature of the Kalahari, indeed many parts of Namibia, are inselbergs, isolated mountains that create microclimates and habitat for organisms not adapted to life in the surrounding desert matrix.

Namibia's Coastal Desert

Namibia's Coastal Desert. Courtesy of NASA
Namibia’s Coastal Desert is one of the oldest deserts in the world. And its sand dunes are the highest sand dunes in the world, created by the strong onshore winds.[25]
The Namib Desert and the Namib-Naukluft National Park is located here. .The Namibian coastal deserts are the richest source of diamonds on earth, making Namibia the world's largest producer of diamonds.^ B. Tourism Project Over the past 10 years, Namibia's tourism sector has enjoyed strong growth of 6.9 percent per annum (source: World Travel and Tourism Council 2007).
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is divided into the northern Skeleton Coast and the southern Diamond Coast. Because of the location of the shoreline—at the point where the Atlantic's cold water reach Africa—there is often extremely dense fog.[26]
Sandy beach comprises 54% and mixed sand and rock add another 28%. Only 16% of the total length is rocky shoreline. The coastal plains are dune fields, gravel plains covered with lichen and some scattered salt pans. Near the coast there are areas where the dunes are vegetated with hammocks.[27]
Namibia has rich coastal and marine resources that remain largely unexplored.[28]

Towns

The capital and largest city, Windhoek, is in the centre of the country. .It is home to the country's Central Administrative Region, Windhoek Hosea Kutako International Airport and the country's railhead.^ Area Of Hunt: East of Hosea Kutako Internatinal Airport (Namatunga Conservancy) .

Other important towns are:

Population

Demographics

A group of Herero women, Windhoek, Namibia
.Namibia has the second-lowest population density of any sovereign country, after Mongolia.^ The country's population of 2.0 million is spread over 823,680 km, an area approximately twice the size, but with a population density one sixtieth, of California.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Namibia, a large and sparsely populated country on Africa's southwest coast, has a population of approximately 2.1 million.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The majority of the Namibian population is black African — mostly of the Ovambo ethnicity, which forms about half of the population — and concentrated in the north of the country. Other ethnic groups are the Herero and Himba people, who speak a similar language.
In addition to the Bantu majority, there are large groups of Khoisan (such as Nama and Bushmen), who are descendants of the original inhabitants of Southern Africa. The country also contains some descendants of refugees from Angola. There are also two smaller groups of people with mixed racial origins, called "Coloureds" and "Basters", who together make up 6.5% (with the Coloureds outnumbering the Basters two to one). As of 2006 there were as many as 40,000 Chinese in Namibia.[29]
Whites of Portuguese, Dutch, German, British and French ancestry make up about 7% of the population; they form the second-largest population of European ancestry, both in terms of percentage and actual numbers, in Sub-Saharan Africa after South Africa.[1] Most Namibian whites and nearly all those of mixed race speak Afrikaans and share similar origins, culture, and religion as the white and coloured populations of South Africa. A smaller proportion of whites (around 30,000) trace their family origins directly back to German colonial settlers and maintain German cultural and educational institutions. Nearly all Portuguese settlers came to the country from the former Portuguese colony of Angola.[30]

Religion

Religion in Namibia
religion percent
Lutheranism
  
50%
Other Christians
  
30%
Indigenous
  
10%
Unknown
  
7%
Islam
  
3%
.The Christian community makes up at least 80% of the population of Namibia, with at least 50% of these Lutheran.^ These impacts are not anticipated to be significant and can be mitigated through environmental management plans and participatory community-level decision making processes.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At least 10% of the population hold Indigenous beliefs.^ Based on MCA-N forecasts, the RSRCs would serve at least 8,000 individuals a year (about 10 percent of population of the towns where the centers are located).
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Islam accounts for 3% of the population. The faith of the remaining portion of the population is unknown.[1]
Missionary work during the 1800s drew many Namibians to Christianity. While most Namibian Christians are Lutheran, there also are Roman Catholic, Methodist, Anglican, African Methodist Episcopal, and Dutch Reformed Christians represented, as well as some Jewish people.[31]

Language

Although its official language is English, Namibia is a multilingual country as it is illustrated on these examples in English, German, Afrikaans and Oshiwambo.
The official language is English. Until 1990, German and Afrikaans were also official languages. .Long before Namibia's independence from South Africa, SWAPO had decided on the country's becoming officially monolingual, consciously choosing this approach in contrast to that of its neighbour which was regarded as "a deliberate policy of ethnolinguistic fragmentation."^ Namibia, a large and sparsely populated country on Africa's southwest coast, has a population of approximately 2.1 million.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Introduction Namibia is a young democracy having gained independence from South Africa in 1990.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] .Therefore, English became the sole official language of Namibia.^ All contracts shall be written in English and this language shall govern contractual relations between MCA- Namibia and the contractor.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All contracts shall be written in English and this language shall govern contractual relations between MCA- Namibia and the consultant.
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^ Language 1.20 All advertisements for contracts and notices of contract awards, whether posted at MCA-Namibia's Web site, at dgMarket, or UNDB Online, shall be posted in English.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Afrikaans, German, and Oshiwambo became recognised regional languages.
Half of all Namibians speak Oshiwambo as their first language, whereas the most widely understood language is Afrikaans. Among the younger generation, the most widely understood language is English. Both Afrikaans and English are used primarily as a second language reserved for public sphere communication, but small first language groups exist throughout the country.
While the official language is English, most of the white population speaks either German or Afrikaans. Even today, 90 years after the end of the German colonial era, the German language plays a leading role as a commercial language. Afrikaans is spoken by 60% of the white community, German is spoken by 32%, English is spoken by 7% and Portuguese by 1%.[1] Geographical proximity to Portuguese-speaking Angola explains the relatively high number of lusophones.

Health

The AIDS epidemic is a large problem in Namibia. .Though its rate of infection is substantially lower than that of its eastern neighbor, Botswana, approximately 10% (210,000 people out of 2,063,929) of the Namibian population is infected with the HIV/AIDS. In 2001, there were an estimated 210,000 people living with HIV/AIDS, and the estimated death toll in 2003 was 16,000. The HIV/AIDS epidemic is considered as a killer disease and as it has reduced the number of working class people, the number of orphans has increased.^ Rejection of all bids is justified when there is lack of effective competition, or bids are not substantially responsive or when bid prices are unreasonable or are substantially higher than existing budget.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A ``substantial deviation'' is a change that adds a procurement action or actions that have a cumulative value of $10,000 or more, changes the procurement method, significantly increases or decreases the budget, or increases the budget allocations above the threshold for the designated method of procurement or selection procedure.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based on MCA-N forecasts, the RSRCs would serve at least 8,000 individuals a year (about 10 percent of population of the towns where the centers are located).
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It falls to the government to provide education, food, shelter and clothing for these orphans.[33]
The malaria problem seems to be compounded by the AIDS epidemic. Research has shown that in Namibia the risk of contracting malaria is 14.5% greater if a person is also infected with HIV. The risk of death from malaria is also raised by approximately 50% with a concurrent HIV infection.[34] .Given infection rates this large, as well as a looming malaria problem, it may be very difficult for the government to deal with both the medical and economic impacts of this epidemic.^ As a result, well-designed investments that enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the education and training sector are expected to have a high economic rate of return.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The country had only 598 physicians in 2002. [35]

Economy

A Himba teenager, north of Opuwo, Namibia
.Namibia’s economy is tied closely to South Africa’s due to their shared history.^ Introduction Namibia is a young democracy having gained independence from South Africa in 1990.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10][11] It consists primarily of mining (12.4% of the gross domestic product in 2007), agriculture (9.5%), and manufacturing (15.4%).[36] .In terms of revenue, mining is the biggest contributor to Namibia's economy, accounting for 25% of the country's income.^ Section 2.9 Lower Middle Income Countries Section 606(b) of the MCA Act restricts the amount of assistance that MCC may provide to ``lower middle income countries,'' a term that is defined in the MCA Act and includes Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a result of the volatility of the mining sector, the GRN is focusing on diversifying Namibia's economy with particular emphasis on two of the fastest growing sectors--agriculture and tourism.
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^ The economy continues to be dependent on the mining industry; with diamonds and other minerals accounting for more than 50 percent of total exports in 2005.
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[37] Namibia is the fourth largest exporter of non-fuel minerals in Africa and the world's fifth largest producer of uranium. .There has been significant investment in uranium mining and Namibia is set to become the largest exporter of uranium by 2015. Rich alluvial diamond deposits make Namibia a primary source for gem-quality diamonds.^ Primary activities include: Improving the Quality of Education: Improving infrastructure and providing equipment in approximately 47 primary and secondary school campuses, primarily in the northern communities of Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to livestock, there is significant growth potential for the indigenous natural products (``INP'') industry in Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Namibia also produces large quantities of lead, zinc, tin, silver, and tungsten.
Namibia has a high unemployment rate. ."Strict unemployment" (people actively seeking a full time job) stood at 20.2% in 2000, 21.9% in 2004 and spiraled to 29,4 per cent in 2008. Under a broader definition (including people that have given up searching for employment) unemployment rose from 36.7% in 2004 to 51.2% in 2008. This estimate considers people in the informal economy as employed.^ Ad Posting job Here is a good opportunity to Rs.24,000/-per month doing Ad Posting work.Anybody can do this job.People bored of doing the same work in their offices can do this job in their free time.Call- 09475081505, Posted Id- UIS/T 246828P. .
  • Namibia classified for properties, jobs, car, dating ,free, posting, listing, online advertisement,internet banner ad,ads,advertise. 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.ads4namibia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Internet jobs for Pakistan(KHI3262) Largest Company in Pakistan OSP. Earn up to Rs 20,000 per month.
  • Namibia classified for properties, jobs, car, dating ,free, posting, listing, online advertisement,internet banner ad,ads,advertise. 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.ads4namibia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Internet jobs for Pakistan (KHIbrm50) The First and largest Company in Pakistan Online Service Provider Earn Rs.5000-20,000 per month from home.
  • Namibia classified for properties, jobs, car, dating ,free, posting, listing, online advertisement,internet banner ad,ads,advertise. 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.ads4namibia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The study that arrived at these results has been hailed "by far superior in scope and quality to any that has been available previously" by Labour and Social Welfare Minister Immanuel Ngatjizeko.[38]
There is a number of legislative measures in place to alleviate poverty and unemployment. In 2004 a labour act was passed to protect people from job discrimination stemming from pregnancy and HIV/AIDS status. In early 2010 the Government tender board announced that "henceforth 100 per cent of all unskilled and semi-skilled labour must be sourced, without exception, from within Namibia".[39]

Transportation

Despite the remote nature of much of the country, Namibia has seaports, airports, highways, and railways (narrow-gauge). The country seeks to become a regional transportation hub; it has an important seaport and several landlocked neighbors. .The Central Plateau already serves as a transportation corridor from the more densely populated north to South Africa, the source of four-fifths of Namibia’s imports.^ Namibia, a large and sparsely populated country on Africa's southwest coast, has a population of approximately 2.1 million.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Introduction Namibia is a young democracy having gained independence from South Africa in 1990.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20]

Agriculture

Welcoming sign of the Burgsdorf-farm in Hardap.
.About half of the population depends on agriculture (largely subsistence agriculture) for its livelihood, but Namibia must still import some of its food.^ Namibia, a large and sparsely populated country on Africa's southwest coast, has a population of approximately 2.1 million.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Inspection Agents 3.11 Preshipment inspection and certification of imports is one of the safeguards MCA-Namibia may choose to adopt, particularly for any large import program.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although per capita GDP is five times the per capita GDP of Africa's poorest countries, the majority of Namibia's people live in rural areas and exist on a subsistence way of life.^ The GRN recognizes that tourism is an important generator of employment, particularly in rural areas where most tourism in the country occurs.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to the 2001 census, 67 percent of the population lives in rural areas, primarily in the northern communal area (``NCA''), with 12 percent living in the capital, Windhoek.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Namibia, a large and sparsely populated country on Africa's southwest coast, has a population of approximately 2.1 million.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Namibia has one of the highest rates of income inequality in the world, due in part to the fact that there is an urban economy and a more rural cash-less economy.^ Part Time Job at Home Any one can do it very easily Easy Money Creation procures a wide variety of services from companies around the world.
  • Namibia classified for properties, jobs, car, dating ,free, posting, listing, online advertisement,internet banner ad,ads,advertise. 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.ads4namibia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Through these investments, it is expected that incomes will rise for poor, rural communities that have been marginalized from the formal economy by former colonial and apartheid regimes.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The contract shall provide for the payment of interest if payment is delayed due to the fault of MCA-Namibia or its agents beyond the time allowed in the contract; the rate of charges shall be specified in the contract.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The inequality figures thus take into account people who do not actually rely on the formal economy for their survival.^ The weight for the financial proposal shall be assigned, taking into account the complexity of the assignment and the relative importance of quality.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dollar thresholds defining ``very small'' shall be determined in each case, taking into account the nature and complexity of the assignment, but shall not exceed USD2,000.
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^ When continuity for downstream work is essential, the initial RFP shall outline this prospect, and if practical, the factors used for the selection of the consultant shall take the likelihood of continuation into account.
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Agreement has been reached on the privatisation of several more enterprises in coming years, with hopes that this will stimulate much needed foreign investment. .However, reinvestment of environmentally derived capital has hobbled Namibian per capita income.^ The stated average annual adjusted income per household is N$42,129 with per capita income of N$8,556 and adjusted per capita income of N$10,357.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[40] .One of the fastest growing areas of economic development in Namibia is the growth of wildlife conservancies.^ As a result of the volatility of the mining sector, the GRN is focusing on diversifying Namibia's economy with particular emphasis on two of the fastest growing sectors--agriculture and tourism.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In sum, the goal of the Program is to contribute to economic growth and [[Page 46740]] poverty reduction among targeted beneficiaries primarily in the northern area of Namibia.
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^ However, stronger or more sustained tourism growth could be achieved through an enhanced marketing effort and improved wildlife and natural resource management, which would improve the tourism experience in Namibia's national protected areas.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These conservancies are particularly important to the rural generally unemployed population.^ The GRN recognizes that tourism is an important generator of employment, particularly in rural areas where most tourism in the country occurs.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Together, these Activities will generate income and create employment opportunities for some of the poorest populations in Namibia, while conserving the natural resources that serve as the foundation for the tourism industry.
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Tourism

An example of Namibian wildlife, the Plains Zebra, which attract tourism.
.Namibia generally attracts eco-tourists with the majority visiting to experience the different climates and natural geographical landscapes such as the great eastern desert and plains.^ Namibia has generally achieved gender parity within its school system, although there are some differences between regions and some school phases.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There are many lodges and reserves to accommodate eco-tourists. In addition, extreme sports such as sandboarding and 4x4ing have become popular, and many cities have companies that provide tours.
.The most visited places include the Caprivi Strip, Fish River Canyon, Sossusvlei, the Skeleton Coast Park, Sesriem, Etosha Pan and the coastal towns of Swakopmund, Walvis Bay and Lüderitz.^ Investments in Etosha National Park will lead to increased tourism visits and added value to the Namibian economy, as well as increased income and receipts at Etosha National Park.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Child labour

.Child labour occurs in Namibia, and key stakeholders including government ministries endorsed the Action Programme towards the Elimination of Child Labour in January 2008. It has been reported that Namibia may also be a source and destination for trafficked children; however, the magnitude of the problem is not well documented.^ Rejection of All Bids 2.61 Bidding documents usually provide that MCA-Namibia may reject all bids.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This security shall be provided in an appropriate form and amount, as specified by MCA-Namibia in the bidding document.\23\ The amount of the security may vary, depending on the type of security furnished and on the nature and magnitude of the works.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Representatives of the United States Government and the Republic of Namibia executed the Compact documents on July 28, 2008.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Low public awareness and inadequate training for law enforcement and social service officials are major obstacles to combating the problem. .There is evidence that children are trafficked within the country for domestic activities, including forced agricultural labor, cattle herding and vending.^ In addition, specific activities that will be undertaken within each Project (each, an ``Activity''), including sub-activities, are also described.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Child prostitution cases have also been reported.[41] Laws exist against child labor and trafficking; however, the government has failed to prosecute a single case in human trafficking.

Military

.The constitution of Namibia defined the role of the military as "defending the territory and national interests." Namibia formed the Namibian Defence Force (NDF), comprising former enemies in a 23-year bush war: the People's Liberation Army of Namibia (PLAN) and South West African Territorial Force (SWATF).^ As tourism in Namibia grows, the returns from investments by the private sector will also grow and allow the private sector to play a greater role in marketing Namibian tourism products.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MCA-Namibia means the National Planning Commission of the Republic of Namibia, in its capacity as the accountable entity responsible to oversee, manage and implement the Program, on behalf of the Republic of Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MoE has the meaning provided in of Part B of Annex I. MoF has the meaning provided in of Part C of Annex I. Monitoring Component has the meaning provided in paragraph 1 of Annex III. Multi-Year Financial Plan Summary has the meaning provided in paragraph 1 of Annex II. Namibia has the meaning provided in the Preamble.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The British formulated the force integration plan and began training the NDF, which consists of five battalions and a small headquarters element.
.The United Nations Transitional Assistance Group (UNTAG)'s Kenyan infantry battalion remained in Namibia for three months after independence to assist in training the NDF and to stabilize the north.^ Vocational and Skills Training: Improving vocational and skills training through assisting with the establishment of a National Training Fund within the Namibia Training Authority and making operational a sustainable training levy system.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To the extent engaged by MCA-Namibia, such an independent evaluator will review the plans for the collection of baseline data and, as applicable, plans for selecting comparison groups.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Improving Vocational and Skills Training (the ``Vocational and Skills Training Activity''): With MCC Funding, the Vocational and Skills Training Activity will assist with the establishment of a National Training Fund (``NTF'') within the Namibia Training Authority (``NTA'').
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to the Namibian Defence Ministry, enlistments of both men and women will number no more than 7,500. Defence and security account for approximately 3.7% of government spending.^ The economy continues to be dependent on the mining industry; with diamonds and other minerals accounting for more than 50 percent of total exports in 2005.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No party other than the Government and MCA-Namibia shall derive any rights from the Compact or have any claim to the proceeds of MCC Funding.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HDB flat (whole unit, no owner), budget not more than $1300, at jurong area.
  • Namibia classified for properties, jobs, car, dating ,free, posting, listing, online advertisement,internet banner ad,ads,advertise. 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.ads4namibia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Culture

Education

Secondary school students
.Namibia has compulsory free education for 10 years between the ages of 6 and 16. Grades 1-7 are primary level, grades 8-12 secondary.^ Specifically, Namibia has supported the efforts of the MoE to develop and implement new policies, procedures, and guidelines affecting the delivery of pre- primary to secondary education.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the primary constraints to achieving poverty reduction through economic growth in Namibia is an inadequately educated and skilled workforce.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This includes funding the acquisition of science, math, and English textbooks for grades 5 to 12 on a national level.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1998, there were 400,325 Namibian students in primary school and 115,237 students in secondary schools.^ Primary activities include: Improving the Quality of Education: Improving infrastructure and providing equipment in approximately 47 primary and secondary school campuses, primarily in the northern communities of Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Over the course of 20 years, the schools will educate an estimated 41,700 primary and secondary students.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The target schools currently enroll approximately 18,400 students.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The pupil-teacher ratio in 1999 was estimated at 32:1, with about 8% of the GDP being spent on education.[42]
.Most schools in Namibia are state-run, however, there are a few private schools that serve the country's education system.^ Namibia has generally achieved gender parity within its school system, although there are some differences between regions and some school phases.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Primary activities include: Improving the Quality of Education: Improving infrastructure and providing equipment in approximately 47 primary and secondary school campuses, primarily in the northern communities of Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, --------------------------------------------------------------------------- \40\ Firms and individuals from any country subject to sanction or restriction by law or policy of the United States are not eligible to compete for MCC-funded contracts.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Among these are St. Pauls College, Windhoek Afrikaanse Privaatskool, Deutsche Höhere Privatschule and Windhoek Gymnasium. Curriculum development, educational research, and professional development of teachers is centrally organised by the National Institute for Educational Development (NIED) in Okahandja.[43]
.There are four Teacher Training Colleges, three Colleges of Agriculture, a Police Training College, a Polytechnic, and a National University.^ Additionally, this Activity includes funding for policy-relevant studies and improvements in science and computer training facilities at teacher training colleges.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Additionally, this activity includes support to teacher training colleges for policy-relevant studies and improving science and computer training facilities.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Communal Wildlife Conservancies

Quivertree Forest, Bushveld.
.Namibia is the only country in the world to specifically address conservation and protection of natural resources in its constitution.^ USAID MCC Funding will build on USAID-funded projects in natural resources management, specifically the natural products sector.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USAID USAID has been a key donor in community-based natural resources management programs in Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ecotourism Development in Conservancies (the ``Conservancy Support Activity''): MCC Funding under this Activity will assist Namibia in building conservancy capacity to protect its natural resources, attract investment, and achieve financial sustainability so that households in communal conservancy areas (or conservancies) can receive a greater share of revenues.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[44] Article 95 states, “The State shall actively promote and maintain the welfare of the people by adopting international policies aimed at the following: maintenance of ecosystems, essential ecological processes, and biological diversity of Namibia, and utilization of living natural resources on a sustainable basis for the benefit of all Namibians, both present and future.”[44]
.In 1993, the newly formed government of Namibia received funding from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) through its Living in a Finite Environment (LIFE) Project.^ The most important donor assistance has come from USAID (through the recently completed LIFE-PLUS Project); the World Wildlife Fund for Nature; the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA); Department for International Development (DFID); Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA); and the World Bank (through the Integrated Community-Based Ecosystem Management (ICEMA) Project).
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Overview Namibia will generally implement the Program through its existing government systems.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Compact means the Millennium Challenge Compact entered into between the United States of America, acting through the Millennium Challenge Corporation, and the Republic of Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[45] .The Ministry of Environment and Tourism with the financial support from organizations such as USAID, Endangered Wildlife Trust, WWF, and Canadian Ambassador’s Fund, together form a Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) support structure.^ USAID USAID has been a key donor in community-based natural resources management programs in Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tourism development activities supported through an independent fund established to provide community-based wildlife organizations with equity shares in tourism joint-ventures and support for wildlife relocation activities will be classified as Category D. While the environmental and social impacts of Compact-supported tourism activities are not anticipated to be significant in nature, they are occurring in sensitive areas and will require mitigation through environmental management plans, as well as support to ongoing voluntary resettlement actions to provide land for the San ethnic group outside of national parks.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most important donor assistance has come from USAID (through the recently completed LIFE-PLUS Project); the World Wildlife Fund for Nature; the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA); Department for International Development (DFID); Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA); and the World Bank (through the Integrated Community-Based Ecosystem Management (ICEMA) Project).
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The main goal of this project is promote sustainable natural resource management by giving local communities rights to wildlife management and tourism.^ However, stronger or more sustained tourism growth could be achieved through an enhanced marketing effort and improved wildlife and natural resource management, which would improve the tourism experience in Namibia's national protected areas.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Policy, Legal and Regulatory Reforms The Tourism Project aims to support and accelerate MET reforms in the management of Namibia's national park system.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beneficiaries The main benefits of the Tourism Project accrue through increased tourism visits and value added to the Namibian economy.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46]

Sport

The most popular sport in Namibia is football (soccer). The Namibia national football team qualified for the 2008 Africa Cup of Nations. Rugby union and cricket are also popular. .Namibia were participants in the 1999, 2003 and 2007 Rugby World Cups.^ B. Tourism Project Over the past 10 years, Namibia's tourism sector has enjoyed strong growth of 6.9 percent per annum (source: World Travel and Tourism Council 2007).
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They also played in the 2003 Cricket World Cup. Inline Hockey was first played in 1995 and has also become more and more popular in the last years. The Women's Inline Hockey National Team participated in the 2008 FIRS World Championships. Namibia is the home for one of the toughest footraces in the world, the Namibian ultra marathon. .The most famous sportist from Namibia is certainly Frankie Fredericks, sprinter (100 and 200 m).^ Purchase the MOST RECENT 75 of 100 reports displayed on Namibia Hunting for only $9.99 .

He won 3 Olympic silver medals (1992, 1996) and also has medals from several World Athletics Championships. He is also known for humanitarian activities in Namibia and further.

Gallery

See also

Sport

Lists

References

A Welwitschia mirabilis (female) in Namibia
  1. ^ a b c d e Central Intelligence Agency (2009). "Namibia". The World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/wa.html. Retrieved January 23, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Namibia". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2006&ey=2009&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=728&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=61&pr.y=16. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  3. ^ Klausdierks.com, Dorsland trekkers, Chronology of Namibian History, 2 January 2005
  4. ^ Human Development Indices, Table 3: Human and income poverty, p. 35. Retrieved on 1 June 2009
  5. ^ Hivinsight.com, HIV InSite Knowledge Base, Comprehensive, up-to-date information on HIV/AIDS treatment, prevention, and policy from the University of California San Francisco
  6. ^ "German South West Africa". Encyclopædia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9036573/German-South-West-Africa. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  7. ^ Great Britan (1916). German atrocities and breaches of the rules of war in Africa. In The Sessional Papers of the House of Lords. Vols. 5 and 6. London: H.M. Stationery Office.
  8. ^ Drechsler, Horst (1980). Let us die fighting. London: Zed Press. Translated by Bernd Zollner. Originally published (1966) under the title Sudwestafrika unter deutsche Kolonialherrschaft. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.
  9. ^ Kas.de
  10. ^ a b (United States Central Intelligence Agency, 2007)
  11. ^ a b (United States State Department, 2007)
  12. ^ Kas.de
  13. ^ Kas.de
  14. ^ Namibialawjournal.org
  15. ^ The Ibrahim Index of African Governance
  16. ^ Kast.de
  17. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2007Reporters Without Borders
  18. ^ "Rank Order - Area". CIA World Fact Book. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2147rank.html. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  19. ^ Landsat.usgs.gov
  20. ^ a b World Almanac. 2004.
  21. ^ Spriggs, A. 2001.(AT1315)
  22. ^ Spriggs, A. 2001.(AT1316)
  23. ^ Cowling, S. 2001.
  24. ^ Spriggs, A. 2001.(AT0709)
  25. ^ "NASA - Namibia’s Coastal Desert". www.nasa.gov. http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_540.html. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  26. ^ "An Introduction to Namibia". www.geographia.com. http://www.geographia.com/namibia/. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  27. ^ "NACOMA - Namibian Coast Conservation and Management Project". www.nacoma.org.na. http://www.nacoma.org.na/Our_Coast/WalkOnOurCoastline.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  28. ^ Sparks, Donald L.. "Namibia's Coastal and Marine Development Potential -- Sparks 83 (333): 477 -- African Affairs". afraf.oxfordjournals.org. http://afraf.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/pdf_extract/83/333/477. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  29. ^ China and Africa: Stronger Economic Ties Mean More Migration, By Malia Politzer, Migration Information Source, August 2008
  30. ^ Flight from Angola, The Economist , August 16, 1975
  31. ^ U.S. Department of State
  32. ^ Pütz, Martin. Official Monolingualism in Africa: A sociolinguistic assessment of linguistic and cultural pluralism in Africa. in: Discrimination through language in Africa? Perspectives on the Namibian Experience. Mouton de Gruyter. Berlin: 1995. p.155.
  33. ^ (aidsinafrica.net, 2007)
  34. ^ (Korenromp, et al. 2005)
  35. ^ Who.int
  36. ^ US Department of State
  37. ^ Mining In Namibia, NIED information sheet
  38. ^ The Namibian 4 Feb 2010 "Half of all Namibians unemployed" by Jo-Mare Duddy
  39. ^ The Namibian 3 Feb 2010 "Tender Board tightens rules to protect jobs", by Tileni Mongudhi
  40. ^ (Lange, 2004)
  41. ^ The Namibian on child labour, 1 February 2008
  42. ^ Encyclopedia of Nations Namibia- Education
  43. ^ National Institute for Educational Development
  44. ^ a b (Stefanova 2005)
  45. ^ (Community Based Natural Resource Management, date unknown)
  46. ^ (UNEP et al. 2005)
General references
.
  • AIDSinAfrica.net Web Publication (2007), Retrieved May 20, 2007. From Aidsinafrica.net
  • Christy, S.A. (2007) Namibian Travel Photography
  • Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) Programme Details (n.d.^ Primary activities include: Land Access and Management: Improving the communal land regime and introducing effective community-based rangeland management practices through a comprehensive public awareness and outreach campaign on land rights, capacity building for Communal Land Boards, a systematic verification and registration process to regularize land, and training in community-based management of rangeland resources.
    • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Community-based Rangeland and Livestock Management sub- activities build upon several successful community-led solutions to natural resources management.
    • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ USAID MCC Funding will build on USAID-funded projects in natural resources management, specifically the natural products sector.
    • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ). .Met.gov.na
  • Cowling, S. 2001. Succulent Karoo (AT 1322) World Wildlife Fund Website: [www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/at/at1322_full.html Worldwildlife.org]
  • Horn, N/Bösl, A (eds), Human rights and the rule of law in Namibia, Macmillan Namibia 2008.
  • Horn, N/Bösl, A (eds), The independence of the judiciary in Namibia, Macmillan Namibia 2008.
  • KAS Factbook Namibia, Facts and figures about the status and development of Namibia, Ed.^ MCA-Namibia will develop, subject to MCC approval, an operations manual to guide the management of the INP Innovation Fund.
    • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In connection with this obligation Namibia has developed a budget over the five year term of the Compact to complement MCC Funding through budget allocations to its sectors in education, tourism and agriculture.
    • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ No party other than the Government and MCA-Namibia shall derive any rights from the Compact or have any claim to the proceeds of MCC Funding.
    • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e.V.
  • Korenromp, E.L., Williams, B.G., de Vlas, S.J., Gouws, E., Gilks, C.F., Ghys, P.D., Nahlen, B.L. (2005). Malaria Attributable to the HIV-1 Epidemic, Sub-Saharan Africa. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 11, 9, 1410-1419.
  • Lange, Glenn-marie. Wealth, Natural Capital, and Sustainable Development: Contrasting Examples from Botswana and Namibia. Environmental & Resource Economics; Nov 2004, Vol. 29 Issue 3, pp. 257–83, 27 p.
  • Fritz, Jean-Claude . La Namibie indépendante. .Les coûts d'une décolonisation retardée, Paris, L'Harmattan, 1991.
  • Spriggs, A. 2001. Namib Desert (AT1315) World Wildlife Fund Website: Worldwildlife.org
  • Spriggs, A. 2001. Namibian Savannah Woodlands (AT1316) World Wildlife Fund Website: Worldwildlife.org
  • Spriggs, A. 2001. Namibian Savannah Woodlands (AT0709) World Wildlife Fund Website: Worldwildlife.org
  • Stefanova K. 2005. Protecting Namibia’s Natural Resources.^ Ecotourism Development in Conservancies (the ``Conservancy Support Activity''): MCC Funding under this Activity will assist Namibia in building conservancy capacity to protect its natural resources, attract investment, and achieve financial sustainability so that households in communal conservancy areas (or conservancies) can receive a greater share of revenues.
    • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ However, stronger or more sustained tourism growth could be achieved through an enhanced marketing effort and improved wildlife and natural resource management, which would improve the tourism experience in Namibia's national protected areas.
    • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ USAID MCC Funding will build on USAID-funded projects in natural resources management, specifically the natural products sector.
    • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    EjournalUSA.
  • UNEP, UNDP, WRI, and World Bank. 2005. Nature in Local Hands: The Case for Namibia’s Conservancies. Wri.org
  • World Almanac. 2004. World Almanac Books. New York, NY

External links

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Government
General

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

noframe
Location
noframe
Flag
Image:wa-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital Windhoek
Government Republic
Currency Namibian dollar (NAD); South African rand (ZAR)
Area total: 825,418 sq km
water: 0 sq km land: 825,418 sq km
Population 2,030,692 (July 2006 est.)
Language English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama
Religion Christian 80% to 90% (Lutheran 50% at least), indigenous beliefs 10% to 20%
Electricity 220-240V/50HZ
Calling Code +264
Internet TLD .na
Time Zone UTC +1
.Namibia [1] is in Southern Africa, bordering South Africa, Botswana, Angola, Zambia and the Atlantic Ocean.^ Although this created more local abattoirs, farmers complained that the cost of slaughtered animals was lower in Namibia than in South Africa.

^ Namibia and South Africa initially refused to sign...
  • Namibia Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many major international agencies, like Budget, Hertz, Avis, Alamo and Thrifty have offices in Namibia or South Africa and you are allowed to take the car to most neighbouring countries as well, excluding Zambia and Mozambique.
  • Namibia - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: News]

Formerly a colony of Germany, Namibia was administered by South Africa under a League of Nations mandate after WWI, and annexed as a province of South Africa after WWII. The South-West African People's Organization (SWAPO) launched a guerrilla war for independence in 1966, but did not gain independence until 1990.
.Namibia boasts remarkable natural attractions such as the Namib desert, the Fish River Canyon Park, Etosha National Park and the Kalahari desert.^ Namibia's main attractions are the dunes of the Namib Desert and Etosha National Park.
  • Namibia Information and Facts | Namibia Overland Africa Safari | African Overland Tours | 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.africanoverlandtours.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Fish River Canyon in the south, Etosha National Park in the north and the Namib-Naukluft Desert in the middle are Namibia’s main points of interest.
  • Namibia Information and Facts | Namibia Overland Africa Safari | African Overland Tours | 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.africanoverlandtours.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The coast, with its productive fishing grounds and the deep water harbor of Walvis Bay, is edged by the dunes and gravel plains of the Namib desert.
  • Culture of Namibia - traditional, history, people, women, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, population, History and ethnic relations 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its people speak nine different languages, including some of the Khoisan languages which include the 'clicks' that present an enigma to most native English-speakers.^ English is the official language, but most of the population speaks Afrikaans.
  • Namibia Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Namibia News - Breaking World Namibia News - The New York Times 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ Others speak Khoisan languages (Nama/Damara and various Bushman languages), while a smaller percentage are native speakers of Indo-European languages like Afrikaans and English.
  • Culture of Namibia - traditional, history, people, women, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, population, History and ethnic relations 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our Professional Hunters are not only committed men, they are experts in the field and superb judges of African big game hunting trophy quality but most importantly possess great practical experience and speak several languages including English.

.Namibia produces some of the world's highest quality diamonds.^ Namibia’s chief economic sectors include the extraction and processing of diamonds and the country is the world’s fifth largest producer of uranium.
  • Namibia - An Overview 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.mbendi.com [Source type: News]

^ Tour of Sossusvlei The bright red-orange crescent shaped sand dunes at Sossusvlei are one of Namibia’s top attractions and reputed to be the highest dunes in the world.

^ Ozondjahe (O-ZUN-YA-HAY) the premier Namibia hunting outfitter is proud to offer the highest quality of plains game hunting , Leopard hunting and Cheetah hunting in Namibia.

Regions of Namibia
Regions of Namibia
.Caprivi
The panhandle in the north-east of the country.^ Dry woodlands The dry woodlands of the north-east are in the highest rainfall part of the country (500-700 mm) and merge from the tree savanna of the north-central area.
  • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The 4th and last area is the upper north and north-east , being the Kavango and Caprivi areas.
  • Namibia - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: News]

^ Dryland fodder production is only possible in the higher rainfall north and north-east of the country.
  • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

.With two major rivers, the Caprivi is one of the few areas of Namibia that has water.^ Namibia normally imports about 50% of its cereal requirements; in drought years food shortages are a major problem in rural areas.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are boat connections between Namibia and Zambia, across the Zambezi River, to and from the Caprivi Strip in the far northeast.
  • Namibia - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: News]

^ One site we missed out in order to have time in the Caprivi was Rundu, and we dipped a few wetland species as a result...
  • birding facts Birding Resources by the Fat Birder for Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fatbirder.com [Source type: General]

.Northern Namibia
North of the Ugab river mouth to the border with Angola.^ The Orange River forms the southern boundary, and the Kunene, Cubango, and Zambezi rivers form parts of the northern and northeastern borders.
  • Namibia Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Namibia (formerly South West Africa) is situated in the south west of the continent of Africa, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, Angola and Zambia to the north, Botswana to the east and the Republic of South Africa to the south (Fig.
  • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Covering 318,500 square miles (825,000 square kilometers) on the southwest coast of Africa, Namibia is bordered by Angola and Zambia (north), Botswana (east), South Africa (south), and the Atlantic Ocean (west).
  • Culture of Namibia - traditional, history, people, women, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, population, History and ethnic relations 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Central Namibia
Between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Ugab river mouth.
.Southern Namibia
South of the Tropic of Capricorn.^ This site is about birds and birding in South Africa and the Southern African region, including Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland, Lesotho, and Zambia.
  • birding facts Birding Resources by the Fat Birder for Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fatbirder.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition to its membership in the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Namibia presently belongs to the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) with South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland.
  • Namibia (12/09) 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.factmonster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Background Notes Archive - Africa 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC dosfan.lib.uic.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The NamibRand Nature Reserve, located in southern Namibia, is a private nature reserve established to help protect and conserve the unique ecology and wildlife of the south-west Namib Desert.
  • birding facts Birding Resources by the Fat Birder for Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fatbirder.com [Source type: General]

  • Windhoek -- Namibia's capital and largest city.
  • Brandberg Mountains -- The highest mountain in Namibia at 2 573 m.
  • Etosha National Park
  • Kolmanskop -- A ghost town just outside Lüderitz.
  • Waterberg Plateau Park -- Another good place to watch wildlife.
  • Sossusvlei -- The most popular entry point for people wanting to visit the Namib desert.
  • Skeleton Coast -- The northern coastal part of the Namib desert, named for the dozens of ships that were beached in the thick fog that is frequent where the desert meets the Atlantic.
  • Spitzkoppe -- the Matterhorn of Namibia.
  • Fish River Canyon Park--The second largest canyon in the world.
  • Opuwo-- capital of Kunene Region and an ideal starting point for stocking up before venturing further into Kaokoland and the rest of NW Kunene.
  • Kaokoland - home to the Himba tribe, desert elephants, desert lions, Epupa Waterfalls and many more attractions in this north-western corner of Namibia.

Understand

.Inhabited from the dawn of time by the San, also known as the "Bushmen", invaded by the Bantu, colonized by the Germans (who called it "South West Africa") and taken over by South Africa after WWI, Namibia is in many ways quite similar to South Africa.^ The first people to inhabit what is now Namibia were the San people, otherwise known as the Bushmen .
  • Namibia Overland- Travel Information 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.overlandafrica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ South Africa - Namibia by train+bus .
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Namibia was colonized by Germany and South Africa and was named Südwestafrika or South West Africa.
  • Culture of Namibia - traditional, history, people, women, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, population, History and ethnic relations 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since it was ruled under the apartheid system, Namibia also has many of the problems resulting from that system.^ MCA- Namibia shall ensure that all bid challenges are accepted, reviewed and processed in accordance with the rules and procedures of the Bid Challenge System as approved by MCC. Part 6.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MCA-Namibia Procurement Rules Attachment 2 Glossary of Terms Bid Challenge System shall have the meaning set forth in Part 5.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is important to be aware that race is a common part of Namibian discourse. .That is to say, Namibians will refer to the race of others more frequently than travellers from places where race is typically not an issue, would expect.^ According to the Namibian Defense Ministry, enlistments of both men and women will number no more than 7,500.
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.factmonster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Background Notes Archive - Africa 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC dosfan.lib.uic.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Many more data have been collected on birds in Namibia than any other group of species.
  • birding facts Birding Resources by the Fat Birder for Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fatbirder.com [Source type: General]

^ Namibian forces launched a crackdown, during which more than 300 people were arrested.
  • OneWorld Namibia Guide 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC uk.oneworld.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Because of apartheid, race is an issue in many spheres of life, so it comes up a lot. .In spite of this, the various races do get along well in Namibia, and it is fairly uncommon to find racial tensions flaring.^ Namibia birdlife varies from coastal birds to wetland species, with a diverse range of habitats ranging from desert to coastal regions as well as woodlands and forest to some extent.
  • Namibia Budget Travel | Namibia Backpacking Tours 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.overlandingafrica.com [Source type: General]

.Apartheid was never implemented as strictly in Namibia as in South Africa, so racial tensions are generally lower.^ South Africa - Namibia by train+bus .
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Namibia (formerly South West Africa) is situated in the south west of the continent of Africa, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, Angola and Zambia to the north, Botswana to the east and the Republic of South Africa to the south (Fig.
  • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Although this created more local abattoirs, farmers complained that the cost of slaughtered animals was lower in Namibia than in South Africa.

.Namibia is similar to South Africa, and if you're used to travelling in one country, travelling in the other country is quite easy.^ Train travel in South Africa .
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ South Africa - Namibia by train+bus .
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ There are 8 species endemic to Namibia, and the country also has the largest cheetah population in Southern Africa among other large game ranging from lion to elephant.
  • Namibia Budget Travel | Namibia Backpacking Tours 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.overlandingafrica.com [Source type: General]

.There are some subtle differences.^ Namibia has generally achieved gender parity within its school system, although there are some differences between regions and some school phases.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, in South Africa a non-white person may choose to speak English rather than Afrikaans (as a political choice) whereas among Namibia's mixed-race population (who call themselves 'colored' in Namibia and South Africa) Afrikaans is a proud part of their culture.^ South Africa - Namibia by train+bus .
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ English is the official language, but most of the population speaks Afrikaans.
  • Namibia Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ South Africa to host Namibia and Cameroon .
  • Namibia - Namibia - Results, fixtures, squad, statistics, photos, videos and news - Soccerway 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.soccerway.com [Source type: News]

.And many people still speak German.^ English is the official language, but most people speak Afrikaans imported from South Africa, and a few speak German.
  • Namibia Overland- Travel Information 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.overlandafrica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Overlooking these differences isn't going to cause offense, but they're handy to know.^ Sub-Sections 1.B.II and III of these Rules describe the different methods of selection of consultants and the circumstances in which they are appropriate.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are a number of different sleeper cars that run, they're all similar, however there are 2 different classes of car.
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

The public holidays in Namibia are:
  • January 1. .New Years' Day  edit
  • March 21.^ March 21, independence day, was attended by Secretary of State James A. Baker III, who represented President George H.W. Bush.

    ^ March 21, independence day, was attended by Secretary of State James A. Baker III to represent President Bush.
    • Background Notes Archive - Africa 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC dosfan.lib.uic.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Other secular holidays include New Year's Day (1 January), Workers' Day (1 May), and Africa Day (25 May).
    • Culture of Namibia - traditional, history, people, women, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, population, History and ethnic relations 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Independence Day  edit
  • Easter weekend. .("Good Friday", "Easter Saturday", "Easter Sunday" and "Easter Monday"): a four day long weekend in March or April set according to the Western Christian dates.  edit
  • May 1.^ Date of Hunt: March 25, 2007 to April 08, 2007 .

    ^ The procurement shall be advertised according to the requirements set out in Paragraphs 2.5.1 and 2.5.2 of Section 1.B and may, at the discretion of MCA-Namibia, be preceded by a shortlisting procedure (see Paragraphs 2.6 to 2.8 of Section 1.B).
    • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The procurement shall be advertised according to the requirements set out in Paragraphs 2.5.1 and 2.5.2 of Section 1.B, and may, at the discretion of MCA-Namibia, be preceded by a shortlisting procedure (see Paragraphs 2.6 to 2.8 of Section 1.B).
    • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Workers Day  edit
  • May 4.^ Other secular holidays include New Year's Day (1 January), Workers' Day (1 May), and Africa Day (25 May).
    • Culture of Namibia - traditional, history, people, women, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, population, History and ethnic relations 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Cassinga Day  edit
  • May 25. Africa Day  edit
  • August 26. Heroes' Day  edit
  • December 10. Human Rights Day  edit
  • December 25. Christmas Day  edit
  • December 26. Day of Goodwill (Family Day)  edit

Get in

Visas

.Tourists may enter Namibia for up to 3 months.^ On May 21, 1990, Namibia signed a border-control agreement with Angola but to date has not entered into defense agreements with any country.
  • Background Notes Archive - Africa 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC dosfan.lib.uic.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The driest months for trophy hunting in Namibia are May through October and therefore are the most conducive for a bow hunting safari .

^ You are here: EPA Home Federal Register FR Years FR Months FR Days FR Documents Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia .
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Visitors not from the above countries need to apply for a visa from the Namibian consulate in their country of origin or the Ministry of Home Affairs, Private Bag 13200, Windhoek, +264 (0)61 292-9111 (fax: +264 (0)61 22-3817).^ Ministry of Home Affairs & Immigration (36) .
  • Internet Sites in Namibia 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.afdevinfo.com [Source type: Academic]

^ How to buy tickets : Call central reservations at Windhoek on +264 (0) 61 298 2032 , or email paxservices@transnamib.com.na .
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ To Namibia: The Director General, National Planning Commission, Office of the President, Government Office Park, Luther Street, Block D, Room 206, Private Bag 12005, Windhoek, Republic of Namibia, Tel: +264 61 283 4222, Fax: +264 61 250 751.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

 .'listing', 'Namibia');return false;" title="click to edit Ministry of Home Affairs">edit.
^ Ministry of Home Affairs & Immigration (36) .
  • Internet Sites in Namibia 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.afdevinfo.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Below is a list of Namibia's top destinations, click on the link to view all details and tours.
  • Namibia Budget Travel | Namibia Backpacking Tours 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.overlandingafrica.com [Source type: General]

.All visitors require a passport valid for at least 6 months after date of entry into Namibia.^ Passport All foreigners must be in possession of a passport that will remain valid for at least six months after the intended date of departure from Namibia.

^ Ozondjahe Hunting Safaris meets all of the qualifications required to conduct bow hunting in Namibia .

^ MCA- Namibia shall simultaneously notify the consultants that have secured at least the minimum qualifying mark of the date, time, and place set for opening the financial proposals.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By plane

.Hosea Kutako International Airport, located 45 minutes east of Windhoek, is the main entry point for air traffic.^ Namibia airports include: • Hosea Kutako Windhoek International Airport • Walvis Bay Airport • Luderitz Airport .
  • Namibia Budget Travel | Namibia Backpacking Tours 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.overlandingafrica.com [Source type: General]

.Air Namibia [2] operates flights from Frankfurt, London, Cape Town, Johannesburg, Victoria Falls and Maun to the international airport.^ Namibia airports include: • Hosea Kutako Windhoek International Airport • Walvis Bay Airport • Luderitz Airport .
  • Namibia Budget Travel | Namibia Backpacking Tours 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.overlandingafrica.com [Source type: General]

^ The Air Namibia flights were of reasonable standard, although the frequency of their flights to London (only one a week) meant that we had to take a connecting Lufthansa flight to Frankfurt on the outward journey which added considerably to the overall journey time...
  • birding facts Birding Resources by the Fat Birder for Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fatbirder.com [Source type: General]

^ Impalila Island forms the north-eastern tip of Namibia and lies just 70km’s west of Victoria Falls .
  • Top Namibia Africa Travel and Tourism Offers 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC inlovewithnamibia.com [Source type: General]

.Flights between the smaller Eros Airport and Cape Town are also available.^ Several large towns have well-equipped facilities similar to those available in Windhoek, while smaller towns generally do not.
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.South African Airways [3] and no-frills Kulula.com [4] operate flights from South Africa, too.^ [KF] http://www.airnamibia.com.na/ Ananzi Search Engine Search engine which searches only South African web sites.

^ This site is about birds and birding in South Africa and the Southern African region, including Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland, Lesotho, and Zambia.
  • birding facts Birding Resources by the Fat Birder for Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fatbirder.com [Source type: General]

^ For the new requirements to import firearms into South Africa, as published by the South African Police Service, click here .

.See Discount airlines in Africa for more options.^ See the South Africa page for more information (and photos) about Shosholoza Meyl passenger trains, and book by phone as shown or at the station.
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ See the South Africa page for more information (and photos) about Shosholoza Meyl passenger trains and book by phone as shown or at the station.
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ See the South Africa page for more information (and photos) about Shosholoza Meyl passenger trains and book by phone or at the station.
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

By car

There are 9 commonly used border posts with neighbouring counties:

Angola

  • Oshikango (Santa Clara), +264 (0)65 26-4615 (fax: +264 (0)65 26-4616).  .'listing', 'Namibia');return false;" title="click to edit Oshikango">edit
  • Ruacana, +264 (0)65 27-0290 (fax: +264 (0)65 27-0010).^ List of Ruacana Hotels and Resorts in Namibia " Huge Discount for Price-Sensitive Traveler " .
    • List of Namibia Hotels and Resorts 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.southtravels.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Ms Juliane Zeidler Desert Research Foundation of Namibia Fax: +264-61-230172 e-mail: drfn@drfn.org.na .
    • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Below is a list of Namibia's top destinations, click on the link to view all details and tours.
    • Namibia Budget Travel | Namibia Backpacking Tours 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.overlandingafrica.com [Source type: General]

     edit

Botswana

.
  • Buitepos (Mamuno), +264 (0)62 56-0404 (fax: +264 (0)62 56-0418).^ Neudamm Agricultural College , MAWRD, Private Bag 13184, Windhoek Fax: +264-62-540441 .
    • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

    .On the Trans-Kalahari-Highway, connecting the B6 and A2 between Gobabis and Ghanzi  edit
  • Mhembo (Shakawe), +264 (0)66 25-9900 (fax: +264 (0)66 25-9902).^ Construction continues to expand two major arteries--the Trans-Caprivi and Trans-Kalahari Highways--which will further open up the region's access to Walvis Bay.
    • Namibia (12/09) 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

     edit

South Africa

  • Araimsvlei (Naroegas), +264 (0)63 28-0057 (fax: +264 (0)63 28-0058). Connecting the B3 and N14 between Karasburg and Upington  edit
  • Verloorsdrift (Onseepkaans), +264 (0)63 26-9134. Connecting the C10 and R358 between Karasburg and Pofadder  edit
  • Noordoewer (Vioolsdrift), +264 (0)63 29-7122 (fax: +264 (0)63 29-7021). .Connecting the B1 and N7 between Keetmanshoop and Springbok  edit
  • Oranjemund (Alexander Bay), +264 (0)63 23-2756 (fax: +264 (0)63 23-3483).^ Other cities --Grootfontein, Katima Mulilo, Keetmanshoop, Luderitz, Ondangwa, Oranjemund, Oshakati, Otjiwarongo, Swakopmund, Tsumeb, Walvis Bay.
    • Namibia (12/09) 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

     edit

Zambia

  • Wenela (Sesheke), +264 (0)66 25-3430 (fax: +264 (0)66 25-2293).  edit

By bus

.The most convenient international bus service into Namibia runs from Cape Town and Victoria Falls.^ You leave Cape Town with great views of table Mountain, passing through Stellenbosch & Paarl wine country, then into the veldt, with great scenery!
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Impalila Island forms the north-eastern tip of Namibia and lies just 70km’s west of Victoria Falls .
  • Top Namibia Africa Travel and Tourism Offers 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC inlovewithnamibia.com [Source type: General]

^ We started at Cape Town, for the Cape specialties plus the Cape flora, and then went up along the West Coast and the dry interior of western South Africa to Namibia.
  • birding facts Birding Resources by the Fat Birder for Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fatbirder.com [Source type: General]

There is also service from Johannesburg. See Intercape Mainliner [5] for schedules and fares. .Using a combination of buses, hitchhiking and kombis you can also get to Namibia from anywhere in Botswana.^ Namibia country codes are listed here for your reference, along with other information you may find useful.
  • Namibia Country Code 264 Country Code NA 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC countrycode.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By train

.The regular overnight train from Upington in South Africa to Windhoek, operated by TransNamib [6], has been discontinued.^ Train travel in South Africa .
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ South Africa - Namibia by train+bus .
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ See the South Africa page for more information (and photos) about Shosholoza Meyl passenger trains and book by phone or at the station.
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.It is no longer possible to get into or out of Namibia by train.^ The information set out below is as accurate as possible made in good faith and with the best intentions to aid anyone thinking of birding Namibia.
  • birding facts Birding Resources by the Fat Birder for Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fatbirder.com [Source type: General]

^ Step 2, travel from Kimberley to Keetmanshoop by bus , as sadly things have degenerated so there's now only a bus link, no longer any civilised train.
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Namibia Bibliographical Update (no longer published but on the web site for 1999-2002) covers Namibiana.

Map of Namibia
Map of Namibia

By car

.Despite the vast distances in Namibia, most people get around by land, and not air.^ Since Namibia is a large and sparsely populated country, distance and very few rural medical staff prevent people from receiving medical care in time.

.Namibia's roads are very good, with primary routes paved, and secondary routes of well-graded gravel.^ Roads in Namibia are generally well maintained.
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of Namibia's rural roads are gravel.
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Specifically, Namibia has supported the efforts of the MoE to develop and implement new policies, procedures, and guidelines affecting the delivery of pre- primary to secondary education.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An all-wheel drive vehicle is not necessary except on tertiary roads and the Skeleton Coast.^ Chris and Julian had driven down the east coast of Africa and we all spent a bit of time vehicle-ogling and info swapping.

^ It is within easy drive of all the major attractions, such as the Skeleton Coast, the Etosha Game Park and the Namib Naukluft Park.
  • birding facts Birding Resources by the Fat Birder for Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fatbirder.com [Source type: General]

^ As we were driving along the road we could see them all riding the waves!

.Driving at night is very dangerous because there is a lot of wildlife on the roads.^ Because there is so much to see, as well as being a four and a half hour drive from Ozondjahe Hunting Safaris , we require a minimum visit of two days and one night.

^ Wildlife wandering on roads is a special driving hazard in Namibia, especially at night.
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Traffic drives on the left.^ TRAVEL AND CURRENCY Traffic drives on the left.
  • Namibia Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.Namibians often estimate the time to drive between places according to their experience driving quickly on dirt (untarred) roads.^ The road was still pretty heavy going with loads of potholes and we often found it easier to drive alongside on the sand track.

^ For those driving outside the capital, distances between cities can be considerable, and often gasoline is only available at a few service stations along a route.
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact it's hard to concentrate on driving (especially on the windy, sand roads) and take in the scenery at the same time.

Add a third and you will arrive alive with kidneys intact!
.
  • CABS Car hire Namibia (Car hire Windhoek), 282 Independence Ave, Windhoek, +264 61 305 912 (), [7].^ CANADIAN GOVERNMENT CONTACTS You can obtain consular assistance and further consular information at the following address: Namibia - WINDHOEK , Consulate of Canada Address: 4 Eadie Street, Klein Windhoek, Namibia Tel.: 264 (61) 251 254 Fax: 264 (61) 251 686 E-Mail: canada@mweb.com.na The Consulate, which shares offices with British Airways, is open between 8:00 a.m.
    • Namibia Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

    ^ How to buy tickets : Call central reservations at Windhoek on +264 (0) 61 298 2032 , or email paxservices@transnamib.com.na .
    • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ [KF] http://www.nid.org.na Namibia Internet Directory Namibia business and general topics directory, hotels, car hire, government, etc.

     .'listing', 'Namibia');return false;" title="click to edit CABS Car hire Namibia">edit
  • Windhoek Car Hire (Windhoek Car hire), 124 Andimba Toivo Ya Toivo Street, Windhoek, +264 61 306 553 (), [8].^ [KF] http://www.nid.org.na Namibia Internet Directory Namibia business and general topics directory, hotels, car hire, government, etc.

    ^ CANADIAN GOVERNMENT CONTACTS You can obtain consular assistance and further consular information at the following address: Namibia - WINDHOEK , Consulate of Canada Address: 4 Eadie Street, Klein Windhoek, Namibia Tel.: 264 (61) 251 254 Fax: 264 (61) 251 686 E-Mail: canada@mweb.com.na The Consulate, which shares offices with British Airways, is open between 8:00 a.m.
    • Namibia Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

    ^ Ms Juliane Zeidler Desert Research Foundation of Namibia Fax: +264-61-230172 e-mail: drfn@drfn.org.na .
    • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

     .'listing', 'Namibia');return false;" title="click to edit Windhoek Car Hire">edit
  • Thrifty Car Rental, +264 61 220 738, [9].^ Results:  1 - 0 Click to see full list and options Business News from Namibia .
    • Namibia Companies - Namibia Overall Index (Emerginvest) 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.emerginvest.com [Source type: News]

    ^ [KF] http://www.nid.org.na Namibia Internet Directory Namibia business and general topics directory, hotels, car hire, government, etc.

    ^ Windhoek, list of medical professionals, information on French aid to Namibia.

    Offers 24 hour car rental service for a scenic drive through Namibia  edit

By minibus taxi

It is quite easy to get around using combies (shared or long-distance taxis). .Just ask around to find out where the taxi rank is (sometimes there are several taxi ranks, each one with departures to different areas of the country).^ The government generally respected the human rights of its citizens; however, there were problems in several areas.
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The very south-west of the country receives winter rainfall associated with frontal systems and there is a broad transitional area receiving winter and/or summer rains.
  • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The country's population of 2.0 million is spread over 823,680 km, an area approximately twice the size, but with a population density one sixtieth, of California.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Drivers are not in the habit of overcharging foreigners.
  • TransNamib, [10]. Operates air-conditioned buses (and trains) to destinations all over Namibia via their StarLine service.  edit

By train

.The national railway company of Namibia, TransNamib [11], operates trains (and buses) to destinations all over Namibia via their StarLine passenger service.^ Transnamib Loses N$5 Million As Diesel Unit Jumps Tracks From:  January 11, 2010 The clearing up of a derailed train on the railway between Brakwater and Windhoek will cost TransNamib N$5 million, the parastatal announced this week....
  • Namibia Companies - Namibia Overall Index (Emerginvest) 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.emerginvest.com [Source type: News]

^ MCA-Namibia shall ensure that all consultant services shall be procured using the procurement method and selection procedure approved in each Procurement Plan.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Namibia will also ensure that the Projects comply with all national environmental laws and regulations, licenses and permits, except to the extent such compliance would be inconsistent with this Compact.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Some routes available are
.The StarLine scheduled service conveys passengers via special coaches hooked on the back of freight trains.^ These passenger trains also include freight wagons.
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.These passenger coaches offer comfortable airline-style seating with air-conditioning and (sometimes) video entertainment.^ Business Class & Economy reclining seats : StarLine trains have Business Class & Economy Class reclining airline-style seats in relatively modern, air-conditioned cars, complete with TV entertainment (but don't expect too much of the latter!
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ The train is modern and air-conditioned, with reclining seats in Business Class & Economy Class, also basic 6-bunk sleepers on Mon, Wed, Fri.
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Vending machines provide refreshments on long journeys. .StarLine, +264 (0)61 298-2032, (, fax: +264 (0)61 298-2495).^ Ms Juliane Zeidler Desert Research Foundation of Namibia Fax: +264-61-230172 e-mail: drfn@drfn.org.na .
  • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Fax: +264-61-2087082 .
  • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Dr Antje Burke EnviroScience Fax: +264-61-223739 email: enviroscience@iafrica.com.na .
  • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

 edit
Other rail services operating in the country are:
.
  • Desert Express, +264 (0)61 298-2600 (, fax: +264 (0)61 298-2601), [12].^ F. V. (Bessie) Bester Directorate of Research and Training Fax: +264-61-2087082 e-mail: bessieb@mweb.com.na .
    • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Fax: +264-61-2087082 .
    • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ [KF] http://www.transnamib.com.na/ UNESCO World Heritage Site - Twyfelfontein "Twyfelfontein or /Ui-//aes has one of the largest concentrations of rock petroglyphs, i.e.

    .The Desert Express is a luxury tourist train that traverses Namibia regularly, taking tourists to such destinations as Walvis Bay, Swakopmund and Etosha National Park.^ There are export processing zones (EPZs) at the Walvis Bay and Oshikango industrial parks and a number of single factory EPZs outside of these parks.
    • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Based in Namib-Naukluft Park, 120 km from Walvis Bay, Namibia.

    ^ Vocational and Skills Training: Improving vocational and skills training through assisting with the establishment of a National Training Fund within the Namibia Training Authority and making operational a sustainable training levy system.
    • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Buses are used to transport visitors from train stations to the various sights.  edit
  • Westwing, +264 (61) 221091 (, fax: +264 (61) 232778), [13].^ Ms Juliane Zeidler Desert Research Foundation of Namibia Fax: +264-61-230172 e-mail: drfn@drfn.org.na .
    • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Fax: 264-61-232518.

    ^ For information on desertification programmes: Mrs Shirley Bethume Directorate of Environmental Affairs Fax: +264-61-233459 .
    • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

    Offers both scheduled and charter flights throughout the country  edit

By tour

.Several tour companies operate in Namibia.^ Air Namibia Tourism information, schedules, owns Air Namibia Holidays (package tour company), an FAQ, related sites.

Each is unique in services offered but most operate with safety in mind.
  • Big Five Namibia Tours [14], Luxury tours throughout Namibia. Several tours offered based on interests.

Talk

[ .Indigenous languages] include Oshiwambo, Herrero, Nama, Damara, various San languages,and Silozi.^ English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Later inhabitants include the Nama and the Damara or Berg Dama.
  • Namibia (12/09) 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other ethnic groups are: Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, San 3%, Baster 2%, and Tswana 0.5%.
  • Namibia (12/09) 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.English is the official language and is widely spoken.^ English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages 1% (includes Oshivambo, Herero, Nama) .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Namibia 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NBC television and nine radio services, that broadcast in English and indigenous languages, were the most widely heard and influential media in the country.
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However the majority of older Namibians (those educated before independence) only speak English as a third language, and therefore the standard is fairly poor.^ The Namibian Major independent Windhoek newspaper edited by Gwen Lister.

^ There are occasional lapses, however, especially in relation to the uneasy relationship that exists between the government and the English language daily newspaper, The Namibian, known for its independent, critical stance.
  • OneWorld Namibia Guide 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC uk.oneworld.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.English is more widely spoken in the North, as it was adopted as a medium of instruction earlier than in the South.^ We also saw a few more amputees in the south than further north.

^ Although this created more local abattoirs, farmers complained that the cost of slaughtered animals was lower in Namibia than in South Africa.

Older Nambibians in the South are more likely to speak Afrikaans or German.
Afrikaans is spoken by many, and is the first language of the "Coloureds" as well as the Afrikaners. .English is spoken as a first language by the remaining English families, and German is spoken by the Namibians of German descent, who tend to be in Windhoek, Swakopmund and various farms scattered through the country.^ English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages 1% (includes Oshivambo, Herero, Nama) .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Namibia 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NBC television and nine radio services, that broadcast in English and indigenous languages, were the most widely heard and influential media in the country.
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The purpose of the school is " to serve the needs of the children of the international community in Namibia and of those Namibian families who are attracted by the unique character of the school..."

German is one of the leading commercial languages as well. Portuguese is spoken by the immigrants from Angola.

See

.Namibia is a country with great national parks where you can see some of the finest African flora and fauna and you can see some mammals that have adapted to the extreme heat.^ You might see African Penguins and Cape fur seals in the cold Benguela current which brings a chill to the wind too.
  • Luderitz | Namibia | Namibia | Go 2 Africa 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.go2africa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You leave Cape Town with great views of table Mountain, passing through Stellenbosch & Paarl wine country, then into the veldt, with great scenery!
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Visas Tourist Visa: Not required Business Visa: Not required Student Visa: Required Employment Visa: Required Ensure you have sufficient visa pages for travel to Namibia and neighbouring countries for the whole duration of your trip.
  • Namibia Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

In the northern part of the Kunene region you can see the rare desert elephants.
Money
Money
.Namibia (along with Lesotho, South Africa and Swaziland) is a member of the Southern African Common Monetary Area and as such the Namibian Dollar (NAD) is pegged 1:1 to the South African Rand (ZAR).^ The Namibian economy is closely linked to South Africa with the Namibian dollar pegged one-to-one to the South African rand.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Namibia 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Namibia is part of the Common Monetary Area (CMA) comprising Lesotho, Swaziland, and South Africa.
  • Namibia (12/09) 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both the South African rand and the Namibian dollar are legal tender in Namibia, but the Namibian dollar is not accepted in South Africa.
  • Namibia (12/09) 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Both the Namibian Dollar and South African Rand is legal tender in Namibia though change will usually be given in Namibian Dollars.^ Both the South African rand and the Namibian dollar are legal tender in Namibia, but the Namibian dollar is not accepted in South Africa.
  • Namibia (12/09) 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Namibian economy is closely linked to South Africa with the Namibian dollar pegged to the South African rand.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Court also advised UN member states to refrain from implying legal recognition or assistance to the South African presence.
  • Namibia (12/09) 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Banks in Namibia will convert Namibian Dollars for South African Rand and vice versa without charge or paperwork.^ Both the South African rand and the Namibian dollar are legal tender in Namibia, but the Namibian dollar is not accepted in South Africa.
  • Namibia (12/09) 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Namibian economy is closely linked to South Africa with the Namibian dollar pegged to the South African rand.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The South African rand (ZAR) is also accepted.
  • Namibia Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.Since any bank or currency exchange outside Namibia (including other members of the Common Monetary Area) will charge a substantial service fee to change currency, it is advisable to make use of a Namibian Bank before leaving the country.^ It is highly recommended that you make use of malaria prophylactics if you are visiting the area north of Windhoek.
  • Frequently asked questions about Namibia | On Safari with andBeyond 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.andbeyondafrica.com [Source type: General]

^ Namibia Nature Foundation (Windhoek, Namibia) "to promote sustainable development, the conservation of biological diversity and natural ecosystems, and the wise and ethical use of natural resources for the benefit of all Namibians..."

^ Payments by MCA-Namibia will be subject, in all respects, to the terms and conditions, including restrictions on the use of MCC Funding, of the Compact.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is also advisable to carry proof (for example ATM receipts) that money you are taking out of the country is money that you brought into the country in the first place.^ You leave Cape Town with great views of table Mountain, passing through Stellenbosch & Paarl wine country, then into the veldt, with great scenery!
  • How to travel by train in Nambia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Government LMIC Contribution During the Compact Term, Namibia shall make contributions, relative to its national budget and taking into account prevailing economic conditions, as are necessary to carry out Namibia's responsibilities and obligations under Section 2.6(a) of this Compact.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, Namibia will provide all funds and other resources, and will take all actions, that are necessary to carry out Namibia's responsibilities and obligations under this Compact.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Rough conversion rates (January 2009) are: 10:1 (USD), 13:1 (EUR) and 15:1 (GBP).^ Last Updated: December 9, 2009 9:26 EST Still Valid: January 13, 2010 23:15 EST SELECT A TRAVEL REPORT .
  • Namibia Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

Current official exchange rates are available from the Namibian Central Bank [15]
.Automated teller machines are available in Windhoek, Swakopmund, Luderitz, Tsumeb, and other towns and cities.^ Namibia » Cities and towns » Windhoek .
  • Windhoek | Namibia | Namibia | Go 2 Africa 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.go2africa.com [Source type: General]

^ Several large towns have well-equipped facilities similar to those available in Windhoek, while smaller towns generally do not.
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some leisure time may also be available to explore the quaint town of Swakopmund itself, do a bit of shopping, walk on the beach or visit the local museum.

.It is best to use only teller machines that are inside a mall or other building.^ ABMs should be used during business hours inside a bank, supermarket, or large commercial building.
  • Namibia Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.Always be careful to make sure no one is watching you enter your PIN, and be vigilant about typical scams (e.g.^ The strong 'cafe culture' of the town makes for great 'people watching' and there is such diversity that you can sit there all day.
  • Windhoek | Namibia | Namibia | Go 2 Africa 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.go2africa.com [Source type: General]

^ We guide you all the steps to earn money from home, so that you can run your online money making business from home with ease.
  • Namibia classified for properties, jobs, car, dating ,free, posting, listing, online advertisement,internet banner ad,ads,advertise. 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.ads4namibia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based on your individual risk assessment, a health care professional can determine your need for immunizations and/or preventive medication and advise you on precautions to avoid disease.
  • Namibia Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

machines that seem to eat your card and won't give it back after you enter the PIN).
Prices in shops are fixed, but prices in open markets or from street vendors are open to barter.
.In most towns you will be approached by many locals to buy souvenirs, when this happens a 'no thanks' will usually suffice and they will leave you alone.^ It wasn't the most prepossessing town, but the good news was that we met up with Chris and Julian again and they had some German friends with them - Monica and Axel.

It is common to haggle. Try to buy as much as possible from small shops instead of bigger ones, it's the best way to help the poor local population

Eat

Vegetarians need not apply. Namibians have a very high intake of meat. .It is possible to be a vegetarian in Namibia, however, as there are some Peace Corps workers who live there for two years and remain vegetarian throughout.^ It has to be remembered that at the stage Aribeb had already been alerted by Mushilenga to the fact that there were two foreigners living at an address in the Academia area who were believed to be in Namibia unlawfully, and that they were driving a car which had Botswana registration number plates.
  • Government of the Republic of Namibia v Getachew (SA 21/2006) [2008] NASC 4 (15 April 2008) 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.saflii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Deep Roots A virtual charity, founded by two U.S. Peace Corps Volunteers, to provide scholarships for students, especially girls, in Namibia.

^ Furthermore, the Namibian economy remains integrated with the economy of South Africa, as the bulk of Namibia's imports originate there.
  • Namibia (12/09) 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • Fruits and Vegetables. .you will find in Namibia avocados, bananas, mandarin oranges, oranges, pineapples, kiwi, peanuts, beans, rice, couscous, millet, tomatoes, corn, bread, onions, pasta, potatoes, and celery.^ Although the sightseeing opportunities in Namibia are too numerous to list, you will find a brief description below of our most popular destinations.

    ^ Bully beef, baked beans, tomato, bread .

    ^ Subsistence farming is confined to the "communal lands" of the country's populous north, where roaming cattle herds are prevalent and the main crops are millet, sorghum, corn, and peanuts.
    • Namibia (12/09) 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Many of these foods are imported and may be expensive and limited to seasonal availability  edit
  • If visiting Windhoek.^ Some leisure time may also be available to explore the quaint town of Swakopmund itself, do a bit of shopping, walk on the beach or visit the local museum.

    ^ Telephone numbers may change, and 24-hour availability of these numbers is not guaranteed.
    • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .you will find local and international cuisine in the many diverse restaurants and cafes.^ In the evening(s) you will enjoy delicious meals, fresh seafood being the favorite for many, especially the local rock lobster and oysters.

    Pretty much anything you want, you will find here.
     edit

Drink

Namibia's nightclubs are always happening and always open late (pretty much until the last person leaves). .They are mostly located in bigger cities: Windhoek, Swakopmund and Oshakati.^ Other cities --Grootfontein, Katima Mulilo, Keetmanshoop, Luderitz, Ondangwa, Oranjemund, Oshakati, Otjiwarongo, Swakopmund, Tsumeb, Walvis Bay.
  • Namibia (12/09) 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are not many bars, though there is very good beer, and there are a lot of shebeens.^ There are loads of very good examples of engravings, and estimates of their age ranges between 2000 and 6000 years.

^ Their very big dog followed us there and Togo did a very good job of trying to bite her ears.

.The flagship beer of Namibia is Windhoek Lager [16], an easy-drinking filtered beer, not dissimilar to many German brews.^ Power and Glory Films (Windhoek, Namibia) In English and German.

  • Christel Boltman, P O Box 12 Gochas (South east from Mariental), 063250200. 18h00-22h00. 3 course gourmet dinners on red dune under the stars accompanied with staff entertainment NS 220 pp.  edit

Sleep

Hotels and Holiday Rentals

.A hotel provides accommodation to the traveling public, has a reception area and offers at least a "breakfast room" or communal eating area.^ Accommodation comprises 6 rooms, with all mod-cons, while GUEST facilities include Free wireless Internet access, a spacious and airy breakfast room, living area with fireplace...
  • Namibia,Namibia Hotels,Luxury Namibia Accomomdation 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC cybercapetown.com [Source type: General]

^ The specification shall permit the acceptance of offers for goods which have similar characteristics and which provide performance at least substantially equivalent to those specified.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Welcome to Cape Town Hotels Accommodation, Travel & Tourism Guide .
  • Namibia,Namibia Hotels,Luxury Namibia Accomomdation 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC cybercapetown.com [Source type: General]

.In general a hotel makes food and beverage services available to a guest, though these may be outsourced or provided by the hotel.^ These contracts are used when MCA-Namibia needs to have ``on call'' specialized services to provide advice on a particular activity, the extent and timing of which cannot be defined in advance.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Telephone numbers may change, and 24-hour availability of these numbers is not guaranteed.
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The constitution and law provide for freedom of assembly and association, and the government generally respected these rights in practice.
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There are a number of Hotel chains that operate nationally

Work

It is extremely difficult for foreigners to get work permits in Namibia. .With 40% unemployment, the government is not enthusiastic about letting people in who would take jobs from Namibians.^ We met some very enthusiastic Italians there who had been taking photos of Nyathi (we saw them through the shop window) and we had a chat to them about travel and Land-Rovers.

.It is possible to get a work permit to volunteer, though this requires going through the same drawn out process as the normal work permit.^ If the initial assignment was not awarded on a competitive basis or if the downstream assignment is substantially larger in value, a competitive process acceptable to MCC shall normally be followed in which the consultant carrying out the initial work is not excluded from consideration if it expresses interest.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Stay safe

Namibia is a peaceful country and is not involved in any wars. .With the end of the Angolan civil war in May 2002, the violence that spilled over into north-eastern Namibia is no longer an issue.^ MCA-Namibia may at its discretion issue the Request for Proposals to all consultants expressing interest in the procurement.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the assertion of the respondent, it was issued by the Ethiopian Embassy in Pretoria, South Africa, on 2 October 2002, while the respondent was in Namibia, yet it purports to have a Namibian re-entry visa dated 3 October 2002.
  • Government of the Republic of Namibia v Getachew (SA 21/2006) [2008] NASC 4 (15 April 2008) 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.saflii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Temporary importation of hunting weapons into Namibia is free of charge, firearms and ammunition must be declared upon entry, where your permit will be issued.

Namibia has relatively high crime rate. See the warning for ATMs above, in the Buy section. For men it is not prudent to walk or ride taxis alone in Windhoek or Oshakati after midnight. For women, it is not prudent after 9PM. Pickpockets can be a problem. Lately there are many armed robberies reported. In most of all cases tourists get robbed of belongings carried with them in a bag. Reported robberies all took places just outside of the city centre. Police reported that most likely taxi-drivers are involved and spot tourists and coordinate by cell phone the robbers. Be carefull and alert! All these warnings should be taken in context, because the threat is not as serious as it might sound. If you are alert and take some common sense precautions then you will have no problems.
.Travellers should have no problem visiting the townships, though it's advisable not to visit the townships alone unless you're familiar with the area.^ Should you feel more comfortable using a hunting booking agent for your hunting in Namibia , we will gladly refer you to one of our associated hunting consultants in your area, though please feel free to contact us directly for any reason .

^ Road travel to desert areas should be undertaken with sufficient water and fuel supplies and two spare tires.
  • Namibia Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Should you feel more comfortable using a hunting booking agent for your hunting in Namibia , we will gladly refer you to one of our associated hunting consultants in your area, though please feel free to contact us directly for any reason.

.If you have been travelling in Southern Africa for a few months, you probably know what you're doing.^ Then you can earn Rs 5000-30,000 per month by doing simple online work.
  • Namibia classified for properties, jobs, car, dating ,free, posting, listing, online advertisement,internet banner ad,ads,advertise. 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.ads4namibia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although it is not required by Namibian Customs, we recommend while traveling, especially via South Africa, that you carry your gun license with you.

.Namibia has a serious problem with driving under the influence of alcohol.^ It is prohibited to use a cellular telephone while driving or to drive under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
  • Namibia Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

The problem is aggravated because most people don't consider it a problem. When driving/walking on weekend evenings, be extra alert.

Stay healthy

.The HIV infection rate in Namibia is about 25%.^ As the level of HIV/AIDS infection in Namibia is high, you should be cautious about activities involving the transmission of bodily fluids.
  • Namibia Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ United Nations Progamme on HIV / AIDS Has a Fact Sheet on HIV / AIDS and sexually transmitted infections, in Adobe pdf , on Namibia, a 2000 country report (in MS Word) for Namibia..

Do not have sex!
.Namibia's medical system is modern and capable of attending to whatever needs you may have.^ You may check visa requirements for foreigners traveling to Namibia h ttp://www.mfa.gov.na/frames/visasframe.htm .

^ Based on your individual risk assessment, a health care professional can determine your need for immunizations and/or preventive medication and advise you on precautions to avoid disease.
  • Namibia Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Please note that you may choose to have your African taxidermy work done in Namibia, partially or fully, or you can have it sent to be done by your own taxidermist .

Staff are well trained and so HIV transmission in hospitals is not an issue. This applies to government and private hospitals alike, though line-ups are often shorter at private hospitals, and there have been cases of incorrect diagnosis in government hospitals.
.The northern part of Namibia is in a malaria-risk zone, so consult a doctor before leaving, and take appropriate malaria precautions when travelling in these areas.^ Our Namibia hunting territory is located in a malaria free zone in the central region of Namibia (Otjozondjupa Region), click here for Namibia map .

^ As appropriate, MCC may take part in discussions between MCA-Namibia and the consultants and, if necessary, may help MCA-Namibia in addressing issues related to the assignment.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In sum, the goal of the Program is to contribute to economic growth and [[Page 46740]] poverty reduction among targeted beneficiaries primarily in the northern area of Namibia.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Namibia's water supply is usually safe to drink, except where labelled otherwise.^ Our water is clean and safe to drink although bottled water is available upon request.

Campsites next to rivers often get their water directly from the river, so do not drink it!
.Having said all this, make sure you consult a physician specializing in health issues of Southern Africa, as well as things like the Centre for Disease Control [19] web page.^ Basler Afrika Bibliographien (BAB), Namibia Resource Centre - Southern Africa Library Extensive library / archives and research centre specializing in Namibia and Southern Africa , founded in 1971 by Carl Schlettwein.

^ Should you decide to take malaria medication, consult your doctor well before your departure.

^ Although permits for South Africa bow hunting Leopards are scarce, should you be interested in bow hunting in South Africa for a Leopard, please contact us so we can help you with this special request.

Make sure you satisfy yourself of the safety of anything you're getting into.

Respect

Namibians are very proud of their country. .It is a well developed country (albeit still a developing nation) with all the modern amenities and technologies.^ Namibia held consultations in all 13 regions of the country and began national level consultations in mid- 2006, which have been on-going particularly in those sectors that the Program will support.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To this end, it has established and maintains databases containing military and economic information for all the Southern African Development Community countries."

.Namibians have been exposed to a surprisingly wide variety of peoples during the United Nations supervising of the elections, as well as from various volunteer organizations.^ A wide variety of Namibian pasture grasses, e.g.
  • namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

^ During the year the People's Education, Assistance, and Counseling for Empowerment Center and other NGOs continued to provide training to these units.
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Investments in Etosha National Park will lead to increased tourism visits and added value to the Namibian economy, as well as increased income and receipts at Etosha National Park.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They are not offended by Westerners wearing shorts, nor by women wearing pants. It is not uncommon to see Afrikaners with thick, knee-high socks (keeps snakes from getting a good bite) and shorts walking about. It is customary when greeting someone to ask them how they're doing. It's a simple exchange where each person asks "How are you?" (or the local version "Howzit?") and responds with a correspondingly short answer, and then proceed with whatever your business is about. .It's a good idea to do this at tourist info booths, in markets, when getting into taxis, even in shops in Windhoek (though it's normally not done in some of the bigger stores in the malls).^ Nevertheless, we found what we though was a good spot, isolated enough for Togo, and we made some dinner.

^ We had some cereal and made our way into town where we went to the supermarket and a 'tuisnywerheid' (home bake shop), where we bought more koeksusters.

^ At a glance it looked like any old rock, except some stupid tourists had decided it was a good idea to take a sliver home with them and where they had cut into it you could easily see the silver-grey metal exposed.

Contact

By phone

.Namibia's country code is 264. Each city or region has a two-digit area code.^ Namibia held consultations in all 13 regions of the country and began national level consultations in mid- 2006, which have been on-going particularly in those sectors that the Program will support.
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our unique island is situated at the meeting place of two mighty African rivers, the Chobe and Zambezi, and four countries, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana.
  • Namibia,Namibia Hotels,Luxury Namibia Accomomdation 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC cybercapetown.com [Source type: General]

^ Ministry of Regional, Local Government and Housing Has a country report, decentralisation newsletter, http://209.88.21.39/ Namibia.

.When calling long distance within Namibia, prefix the area code with a '0'. Mobile phones are very common and run on the GSM network, using the same frequency as Europe and the rest of Africa.^ Republic of Namibia conventional short form: Namibia local long form: Republic of Namibia local short form: Namibia former: German Southwest Africa, South-West Africa .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Namibia 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our trophy hunting season in Namibia opens in February and runs through November , being 10 months long it incorporates each of the four seasons.

^ We came to a restaurant/lodge called Mirgae (which is newly built and very beautiful) and although they said we couldn't camp there they phoned their neighbours who run a ballooning safari company and asked if we could camp there.

.There are Internet cafes in Windhoek, Swakopmund and Opuwo, and hostels often have access as well.^ There were no government restrictions on access to the Internet or reports that the government monitored e-mail and Internet chatrooms.
  • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Namibia has two GSM cellular phone operators, MTC [20] and CellOne [21] and both offer prepaid options.^ Namibia will ensure that the MCC constructed RSRCs will offer expanded hours of operation with both day and evening hours as provided for by the 1997 ``Information for Self-Reliance and Development: A Policy Framework for Libraries and Allied Information Agencies for Namibia.''
  • Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Namibia | Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 20 September 2009 19:33 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since there are no direct flights from any U.S. city to Namibia, there are basically two options available; flying to Namibia via South Africa or a major European city.

Starter packs and airtime vouchers are readily available at most stores.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also Namíbia

Contents

English

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Singular
Namibia
Plural
-
Namibia
.
  1. Country in the Southern Africa.^ There are a variety of places to visit, and the trip through the country was one of many more memorable holidays spent in southern Africa.
    • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.araly.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This Atlantic coast country is positioned in southern Africa, and bordered by the countries of Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana and South Africa.
    • Map of Namibia - Namibia Map, Namibia Information - World Atlas.com 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.worldatlas.com [Source type: News]
    • Namibia - List of African Countries 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC listofafricancountries.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Country Report on EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment in Southern Africa) a Southern African Institute for Environmental Assessment (SAIEA) publication, compiled by Peter Tarr and funded by Danida.
    • Namibia 13 January 2010 22:23 UTC www.saiea.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Official name: Republic of Namibia.

Translations

See also


Finnish

Wikipedia-logo.png
Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Namibia
Wikipedia fi

Proper noun

Namibia
  1. Namibia

Declension

Derived terms

  • namibialainen

German

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Namibia
Wikipedia de

Proper noun

Namibia n. (genitive Namibias)
  1. Namibia

Italian

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Namibia
Wikipedia de

Proper noun

Namibia n.
  1. Namibia

Derived terms

Wikipedia-logo.png
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Namibia
Wikipedia it

Proper noun

Namibia f.
  1. Namibia

Derived terms


Norwegian

Proper noun

Namibia
  1. Namibia

Related terms


Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /naˈmibja/

Proper noun

Namibia f.
  1. Namibia

Declension

Singular only
Nominative Namibia
Genitive Namibii
Dative Namibii
Accusative Namibię
Instrumental Namibią
Locative Namibii
Vocative Namibio

Derived terms

  • Namibijczyk m., Namibijka f.
  • adjective: namibijski

Swedish

Proper noun

Namibia
  1. Namibia

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Namibia may mean:


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 17, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Namibia, which are similar to those in the above article.








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