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Namibian War of Independence
Part of Cold War, Wars of Independence
Date 1966 - 1988
Location Namibia
Result Elections held, SWAPO wins the elections.
Territorial
changes
Namibia gains independence from South Africa
Belligerents
Flag of South Africa 1928-1994.svg Republic of South Africa Flag of South-West Africa People's Organisation.svg SWAPO

The Namibian War of Independence, which lasted from 1966 to 1988, was a guerrilla war, which the nationalist South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) and others, fought against the apartheid government in South Africa.

South Africa had administered what was then still known as South West Africa since it captured the German territory during World War I. In 1966 the United Nations General Assembly revoked South Africa's mandate to govern South-West African territory and placed it under direct UN administration. South Africa refused to recognize this resolution.[1]

On August 26, 1966, SWAPO guerilla forces launched an attack against the South African Defence Force at Omugulugwombashe. It was the first armed battle in the Namibian struggle for independence.[2] In commemoration of the day, August 26 is a public holiday in Namibia. It is recognized by the United Nations as Namibia Day[3] but Namibians refer to it as Heroes' Day.

The war ended with the independence of Namibia on 21 March 1990 and elections which saw SWAPO win 55 of 72 seats in the National Assembly of Namibia, enabling them to form a national government.

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