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Nandyal (నంద్యాల)
Nandyal (నంద్యాల)
Location of Nandyal (నంద్యాల)
in Andhra Pradesh and India
Coordinates 15°29′N 78°29′E / 15.48°N 78.48°E / 15.48; 78.48
Country  India
State Andhra Pradesh
District(s) Kurnool
Population 151,771

area_magnitude= sq. km

Sex ratio 0.52 /
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation

203 m (666 ft)

Nandyal is a town in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, India. It is a major centre of trade and commerce in the region and is also important because of its religious significance. The town derives its name from Nandi, the vehicle of Shiva, whose temple here draws pilgrims from faraway places. It had a population of 151,771 at the time of the 2001 Census.[1]

Contents

Geography

Nandyal is located at 15°29′N 78°29′E / 15.48°N 78.48°E / 15.48; 78.48[2] and has an average elevation of 203 metres (666 feet). It is surrounded on all sides by hills while the Kunderu River flows to its west. The Nallamala Hills to the east are extensively forested while the ones to the south have been mined for granite.

The town is rich in water resources owing to its many tanks and reservoirs. These give it an equitable climate throughout the year. However summers can be particularly hot. The average temperature is around 28 C.

Demographics

Nandyal has a population of 151,771.Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Nandyal has an average literacy rate of 63%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 55%. In Nandyal, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Most of the population is Hindu.

History

Nandyal has been an important pilgrimage site since the days of the Vijayanagar Kingdom owing to its nine Nandi temples. It was the introduction of railways however in 1890 that led to its rapid development. It became a municipality in 1900 and was visited, among others, by Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.

Tourism

Nandyal is surrounded by nine temples of Lord Shiva, called Nava Nandi). Nine Temples includes Mahanandi, Shivanandi, Vishnunandi, Somanandi, PradhamaNandi, Garudanandi, Suryanandi,Krishnanandi,Omkaram. They attract a large numbers of devotees throughout the year. Nandyal is also the gateway to Belum Caves and Srisailam.[3]

Economy

The city is a major hub of industry and agriculture. The main exports are cement, PVC pipes, mangoes and rice. The seed industry has been flourishing since 30 years.

Politics

A Lok Sabha constituency is named after the city. P.V Narasimha Rao registered his record breaking victory in 1992 from this very place. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, was the sixth President of India, serving from 1977 to 1982 and was the only person to be elected President of India unopposed. he fought the Lok Sabha election from Nandyal constituency in Andhra Pradesh as a Janata Party candidate. He was the only non-Congress candidate to get elected from Andhra Pradesh. He was unanimously elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha on 26 March 1977. This is only constituency from which a President and a Prime Minister came for India. The current MP is S.P.Y Reddy and the MLA is Silpa Mohan Reddy (the present Housing minister of AP GOVT.

Transportation

The city is well connected both by roads and railways. There are frequent buses from Nandyal to Tirumala - Tirupati, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Vijayawada, Chittor, Anantapur and Kadapa. Buses also ply to parts of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu such as Bellary and Chennai.

It is a major station on the Guntur division of South Central Railway and has direct trains to Bengaluru, Secunderabad and Howrah. A new line to Yerraguntla is under construction.

The nearest airport is the Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad (Shamshabad), some 270 km away.

Within the city, auto rickshaws and rented cars are a common means of commutation.

Colleges & Schools

Rajeev Ganadhi Memorial College of Engineering & Technology
ShantiRam Engineering College
ShantiRam Medical College
National junior, degree & P.G. College
Sri RamaKrishna P.G. College
Keshava Reddy Educational Institutions
Good Shephered English Medium School
P.S.C&K.V.S.C Govt Degree College

See also

Kurnool district
Guntur division
Rayalaseema

References

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Nandyal is a town in Andhra Pradesh.

Get in

Nandyal is connected by road from almost all the parts of the state. There are frequent buses from Nandyal to Tirumala - Tirupati, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Adoni, Chittor, Anantapur and Kadapa. Also there are buses plying to parts of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu such as Bellary and Chennai. There is also a bus which directly goes to Tirumala - Tirupati.

Nandyal has a railway station (code NDL) that is connected to Bangalore, Howrah, Goa, Anantapur, and Hubballi. The nearest airport is the Begumpet Airport in Hyderabad and is a 5-6 hour drive.

Within the city, auto rickshaws are a common means of transportation.

See

Nandyal is surrounded by nine temples of Lord Shiva (called Nava Nandi).Nine Temples includes Mahanandi,Shivanandi,Vishnunandi,Somanandi etc. Among them, Mahanandhi is famous. One can see a continuous stream of water pouring into an artificial pond. It is believed that this water is so pure that one should travel to the Himalayas to see a place with such pure water in India. The source of water, however, is still a mystery.

The temple at Ahobilam, dedicated to Lord Narasimha is very famous in this region and is situated in a scenic forest which is a two hour drive from Nandyal.

The Belum Caves are another tourist attraction in this region. A Siva Temple situated at Yaganti near Nandyal. Nandyal has a close association with the Prakasam district due to its proximity with places like Giddaluru, Markapur and Dornala.

Nandyal is also very well known because of its lentil crops. Nandyal was the native place of Pingali Suranna who was a well known poet in the court of the Vijayanagar Emperor Krishnadevaraya of the Tuluva Dynasty.

Do

Visit the Nine Nandis(Shiva Temples) Mahanandi is one of the Nava Nandis. Surrounding Mahanandi within 15-km diameter range, 8 other temples of Nandi are present namely "Prathama Nandi", "Naga Nandi", "Soma Nandi", "Surya Nandi", "Shiva Nandi", "Vishnu Nandi", "Vinayaka Nandi" and "Garuda Nandi".

The suggested visiting order for the Nava Nandis based on practical route is as follows - Prathama Nandi, Naga Nandi, Soma Nandi, Surya Nandi, Siva Nandi, Krishna Nandi, Garuda Nandi, Mahanandi and Vinayaka Nandi. The complete tour can be completed in half a day if one starts at 6.00 AM. Engage a diesel auto (for about INR 600) and make the tour. As the roads leading to Krishna Nandi, Siva Nandi and Surya Nandi are cart tracks, rugged at many places, a small car may not be advisable.

Directions for Nava Nandis

  • Prathama Nandi: This Nandi is situated upon a high soil base very nearer to Nandyal railway station.
  • Naga Nandi: Naga Nandi is inside Anjaneya temple, which is located very near the Nandyal bus stand.
  • Soma Nandi: Soma Nandi is towards east of Nandyal(almost inside nandyal town), very near the upcoming jagajanani temple
  • Surya Nandi: Surya Nandi is located on the road to Mahanandi. After about 4 miles from Nandyal look out for a sign called U.Bollavaram village and take the immediate right (identified by a arch erected on two large metal poles) and go for a kilometer to reach this temple.
  • Shiva Nandi: Approximately 13 km away from Nandyal on the road to Mahanandi look out for Thimmavaram village and take a left after this. The small road is also a bus route and twists and turns to lead you to Shiva Nandi. A beautiful, but neglected temple constructed on the Chalukya Architecture lines. Kadamala Kaluva(canal)is a landmark. the temple is in Kadamala village.
  • Vishnu(Krishna) Nandi: located on the road to Mahanandi, 2 miles before Mahanandi, take a left just adjacent to the Telugu ganga scheme canal and follow on the banks for about 4 Kms of rugged mud road to reach this beautifully serene temple. (proceeding further ahead and taking a left, ask for directions, one can reach Shiva nandi temple also).
  • Garuda Nandi: When you go from Nandyal it is located just before the Mahanandi Temple after you cross the Big Nandi Statue.
  • Mahandi Temple: beautiful temple with natural springs(pushkarini) where one should have a holy dip before entering the temple, but it is suggested to avoid holidays and festival days as the crowd is too much.
  • Vinayaka Nandi: Vinayaka Nandi is situated towards northwest of Mahanandi Temple. It is a small temple located to left of the exit Gopuram as you come out.
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