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Nangal
Nangal
Location of Nangal
in Punjab and India
Coordinates 31°22′N 76°23′E / 31.37°N 76.38°E / 31.37; 76.38
Country  India
State Punjab
District(s) Rupnagar
Population 40,644 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

326 m (1,070 ft)

Nangal is a town 60 km from Rupnagar in the state of Punjab in northwest India. It sits at the foot of the Shiwalik Hills and is surrounded by beautiful hills, the Satluj River and canals. It is an important center for tourists.[1]

Contents

Description

The town was named Nangal when it acquired the land of the villages of Nangal Nikku, Hambewal and Dubbeta. It gained in importance with the starting of construction of the Bhakra Dam on the Satluj River in November 1955. Now it is a flourishing township attracting tourists due to the mighty multi-purpose Bhakra Project which includes, apart from Bhakra Dam, the Nangal Dam, Nangal Hydel Channel, and the Ganguwal and Kotla Power Houses.

Nangal is home to Late Captain Amol Kalia . He is the hero of Nangal who laid down his life fighting Pakistani intruders in Kargil in 1999. He was posthmously awarded shaurya chakra. Local school where he did his high school is named after him as Captain Amol Kalia Fertilizer Model School. A garden in Nangal Township is also named after Capt Amol Kalia, in honor of his gallantry. Nangal has number of schools namely BBMB DAV Public School, NFL senior secondary school, Capt Amol Kalia school, Govt Model School, Govt girls school,Shivalik Model Sr. Sec. School and some private schools as well.

The town is divided into two parts: Nangal Township and Naya Nangal Township. Nangal Township is blessed with great scenic beauty which is further enhanced by the fact that it is surrounded by water on three sides and foothills of shivaliks on the fourth side. Naya Nangal serves mainly as a fertilizer complex of National Fertilizers Limited (NFL), a public sector undertaking of the Government of India, and from point of view of amenities, natural beauty and cleanliness. It is perhaps the best town in whole India. The Nangal Fertilizer and Heavy Water Factory located here started production in 1961 and was the single largest consumer of electricity from the Bhakra Power House till some years ago. The Heavy Water Plant was shut down later primarily due to national security considerations. Besides this there is a chemical factory named as Punjab Alkalies and Chemicals Limited, Naya Nangal. These two factories has given rise to some more small factories in their vicinity. Due to presence of NFL & PACL Nangal is proud to have biggest Truck and Tanker Unions in India.

There is a train run by BBMB which starts from Nangal Township and goes till Bhakhra dam. Primarily it is meant for the workers to go to dam but it is open for public use free of cost. Typically it has the pilgrims of 'Baba Balak Nath' shrine who chant the hymns and there is a separate ladies compartment.

Attractions

Overlooking Nangal is the Gurudwara Bhabour Sahib, a Sikh place of worship. This Gurudwara, located 5 km from Nangal, presents a majestic view. Guru Gobind Singh is said to have mediated at this spot. Prachin Temple and 1008 Swami Sevanand Giri Maharaj Ashram and are also here.

Located 4 km from Nangal Township is a temple of Shiva, known as 'Shiv Ashram' situated on the outskirts of the village Mojowal on the Nangal-Bhallan road. This Ashram was founded by Swami Giangiri who is said to have first lived in a small hut near the bank of the Satluj River. There is a free Ayurvedic dispensary as well as a dental clinic in the Ashram. Fairs are held on Maha Shivratri, Nirjale Ekadashi Vyas Puja every year.

There is a Dharamshala known as Shri Balbahadur Mal Kuthiala Dharamshala situated on the bank of the Satluj River which freely allows visitors. Inside the Dharamshala there is a temple of Lakshmi Narain which is run by the Sanatan Dharam Sabha, Nangal Township. A vivid example of secularism is the existence of Lakshmi- Narain Temple and Gurudwara Ghat Sahib with a common wall. The Gurudwara also houses a school on its campus.

A few kilometres away from Gurudwara Shri Bhabour Sahib is Gurudwara Shri Nanaksar. On the 7th of each month there is a well attended function in the Gurudwara Sahib.

Nangal is a city and a municipal council in Rupnagar district in the Indian state of Punjab.

On the bank of Satluj is situated a small but beautiful township Naya Nangal where employees of the National Fertilizer Limited (NFL) live. This township was built in 1950's by a British architect.

Geography

Nangal is located at 31°22′N 76°23′E / 31.37°N 76.38°E / 31.37; 76.38[2]. It has an average elevation of 326 metres (1069 feet). The states benefiting from it are Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh as well as Delhi.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[3], Nangal had a population of 40,644. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Nangal has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 74%. In Nangal, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Accommodations

Suitable facilities have been provided in various rest houses for the boarding and lodging of visitors. Punjab Tourism Development Corporation runs a Tourist Bungalow known as Kadamba.

References

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