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Nangarhar Province: Wikis

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Nangarhar (ننګرهار)
Province
Country  Afghanistan
Capital Jalalabad
 - coordinates 34°15′N 70°30′E / 34.25°N 70.50°E / 34.25; 70.50
Area 7,727 km2 (2,983 sq mi)
Population 1,334,000 (2009) [1]
Governor Gul Agha Shirzai
Timezone GMT+4:30
Main language Pashto
Map of Afghanistan with Nangarhar highlighted

Nangarhar (Pashto: ننګرهار) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan in the east of the country. Its capital is the city of Jalalabad. The population of the province is 1,334,000,[1] most of whom are ethnic Pashtuns.[2]

Contents

Economy and poppy production

Once a major center of opium poppy production in Afghanistan, the province had reportedly decreased its production of poppy by up to 95% in 2005, one of the success stories of the Afghan eradication program. However, the eradication program has often left peasant farmers destitute, and many farmers were reported to have given their children in payment for debts to opium dealers after 2006 the cultivation of poppy decrease to 5 present.

Geopolitical and military situation

Joint ISAF-ANA Commando patrol in Achin District, Nangarhar.

Nangarhar shares a border with Pakistan, and the two regions share very close ties, with large amounts of migration in both directions. Most of the province still uses Pakistani currency rather than Afghan money for commercial transactions. The current Governor of the Province, Gul Agha Sherzai is also reported to have very tight relations with the Pakistani secret service, the ISI which has a presence in the area.[citation needed] The Pakistani government constructed a road from Torkham to Jalalabad to ease traffic and encourage trade.

The United States and the multi-national coalition forces, ISAF, are active in the area. The Ghanikhil district of Nangarhar was the site of the 2007 Shinwar shootings.

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Opium cultivation

The illicit poppy cultivation takes place in Khogiani, Ghanikhil, Chaparhar, and other remote districts. The farmers cite the lack of water and also poverty as the reasons for poppy cultivation. Poppy was also cultivated in Goshta District, Lalpura which borders Pakistan; but now the people just cultivate wheat and other legal crops.[citation needed]

Politics

The current Governor of the province is Gul Agha Sherzai.

Incidents

The province was where Osama bin Laden was cornered in the 2001 Tora Bora campaign. He ultimately escaped.[3]

On March 4 2007, F platoon of the US Marine Corps Special Operations Company responded to a suicide bomber with indiscriminate fire, killing 19 civilians and wounding 50.[4]

Districts

Districts of Nangarhar (district names in Dari)

Nangarhar province is administratively subdivided into 22 districts, these are:

Districts of Nangarhar Province
District Capital Population[5] Area[6] Notes
Achin 95,468
Bati Kot 71,308
Bihsud 118,934 Created in 2005 within Jalalabad District
Chaparhar 57,339
Dara-I-Nur 28,202
Dih Bala 33,294
Dur Baba 13,479
Goshta 31,130
Hisarak 28,376
Jalalabad 205,423 Sub-divided in 2005
Kama 52,527
Khogyani 111,479
Kot 52,154 Created in 2005 within Rodat District
Kuz Kunar 42,823
Lal Pur 18,997
Momand Dara 42,103
Nazyan 16,328
Pachir Wa Agam 40,141
Rodat 63,357 Sub-divided in 2005
Sherzad 63,232
Shinwar 64,872
Surkh Rod 91,548

References

External links


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