Nankai University: Wikis

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Coordinates: 39°06′04″N 117°09′53″E / 39.10111°N 117.16472°E / 39.10111; 117.16472

Nankai University
南开大学
Motto 允公允能,日新月异
Motto in English Commitment to society, persistent self-improvement
Established 1919
Type Public
President Dr.Rao Zihe
Faculty 4,336
Undergraduates 12,611
Postgraduates 10,378 graduates
Location Tianjin,  People's Republic of China
Campus urban
Website (zh)
(eng)

Nankai University (simplified Chinese: 南开大学traditional Chinese: 南開大學pinyin: Nánkāi Dàxué), commonly know as Nankai, is a public university in Tianjin, P.R. China. It is among the most famous universities in China and has a great reputation.

Founded in 1919 by renowned patriotic educationist Zhang Boling (1876-1951) and Yan Fansun (1860-1920), Nankai University is a member of the Nankai serial schools. It is the alma mater of former Chinese Premier and key historical figure Zhou Enlai.

Contents

History

Founded as a private institution, Nankai's scale was relatively small at its inception partly because it received no funding from the government but foreign charitable funds and local entrepreneurs, with only 3 departments (liberal arts, science, and business) and 96 students. It was noted particularly for its courses which were taught in full English using foreign curriculum and textbooks. By 1937, Nankai had expanded into a university of 3 colleges, 13 departments, and 2 research institutes, and boasted 429 students and 110 faculty and staff members. It was compared to be “The North Star of Higher Learning”. In accordance with its motto of “Dedication to the public interests, acquisition of all-round capability and aspiration for progress with each passing day”, the University has produced batches of prominent talents such as late Premier Zhou Enlai, Dr. Shiing-Shen Chern, Dr. Ta-You Wu and Mr. Cao Yu. The well-known Nankai Institute of Economics was established in 1927 and soon became one of the most prominent in China being the first non-foreign entity to calculate a Chinese Consumer Price Index. [1]

In July 1937, during the Sino-Japanese War, Nankai campus was severely damaged by Japanese bombings. About two-thirds of the school buildings were destroyed including its library which was deliberately burnt down by the Japanese Imperial Army. A number of the school's artifacts, including the university bell were looted and remains in Japanese museums till this day. In August 1937, Nankai University, Peking University and Tsinghua University united together and formed the National Changsha Provisional University, which later moved to Kunming and renamed as the National Southwestern Associated University. In 1946, after the war, Nankai returned to Tianjin and reformed into a national university by the government. At that time, Nankai had four schools (Liberal Arts, Science, Political Science and Economics, and Engineering) and 16 departments.

After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, Nankai was readjusted and became a comprehensive university with emphasis on the arts and sciences, with 14 departments and 3 professional specialties in total. Since then, leading scholars as Zheng Tianting, Lei Haizong, Wu Tingqiu and many overseas scholars from US, Europe and Japan came to join the university.

From 1966 to 1976 the School's normal life was out of order due to the Cultural Revolution. Even worse, in 1976 a catastrophic earthquake broke out in Tangshan bordering Tianjin, causing damages of varying degrees to the School's buildings.

However, Nankai University soon stepped into a new era after China's Open and Reform policy. After 1980, in order to meet the demands for socialist modernization, the School added a batch of new specialties and institutes. In Arts, applied specialties on financing were set up and the School of Economics was reopened in 1983, while in Sciences, interdisciplinary, marginal and high and new technological specialties were added. By the late 1980s, Nankai University had grown to be a comprehensive university embracing Humanities, Natural Sciences, Applied Sciences, Life Sciences, Managements and Art.

In 1994 Tianjin Foreign Trade College was incorporated into Nankai University. In the past few years, to cater to demands of fast social economic development, the University has created various brand-new modes of running school which have extended its education far into all walks of life. In 1999 under the combined efforts of Nankai University and TEDA, TEDA College was set up, which was entitled the SAR of higher education. In 2000 the State Ministry of Education signed an agreement with Tianjin Municipal Government on jointly establishing and developing Nankai University. Experimental cooperation between Nankai University and Tianjin University was initiated on the principle of independent school-running and close cooperation. In 2002 under the cooperative efforts of Nankai University, Shen Zhen Municipal Government and UC Berkeley, Financial Engineering College was established in Shenzhen.

Present

A key multidisciplinary university directly under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education, Nankai University has long been given much attention by the central government. Nankai University is considered a comprehensive university with a complete curriculum that includes the humanities, natural sciences, technology, life sciences, medical sciences and the arts. The University believes in the equal importance of the sciences and the liberal arts, laying a strong foundation with practical and creative characteristics. Nankai University has a well-balanced faculty team in age and specialties, being equipped with excellent academic capability and creative spirit.

Nankai, as of the end of 2009, has 22 colleges and schools, and offers 73 bachelor's degree programs, 208 master's degree programs, and 122 Ph.D. programs. The total enrollment stood at approximately 12,000 undergraduate students and 10,000 graduate students.10% of the students are international students, mainly from South Korea, Japan, Africa and Europe. Nankai is always among the top ten universities in China in various ranking lists. Nankai's mathematics, chemistry, history, business and economics programs are among the best in China. In 2008, the quality of chemistry research was ranked 1st in China according to the statistics of the Ministry of Education. Economy and history researches were ranked 2nd and mathematics 4th. Chern, Shiing-Shen established the world's largest mathematics institute(in terms of area of offices) in Nankai University. The university is also very well known for its quality of undergraduate teaching. Many of the undergraduate lectures are selected as national elite lectures by the Higher Education Division of the Ministry of Education.

Nankai University has broad international communications by establishing exchanging and collaborative relationships with more than 200 universities and academic institutions. Nobel Laureates Chen Ning Yang, Tsung-Dao Lee, Samuel Chao Chung Ting, Robert A. Mundell, and Reinhard Selten as well as former President of Korea Kim Dae Jung and former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger were all conferred Honorary Professors of Nankai University. Many other world-known scholars and entrepreneurs have been invited as Visiting Professors of Nankai University. Nankai University, attracting a large number of talented Mathematicians known home and abroad, has thus become one of the most famous mathematician centers in the world. Also, Nankai established dozens of Confucius Institute all around the world.

Rankings

9th on the Top 50 Chinese universities ranking list published by Renming University, 2008
8th on the Chinese universities ranking published by www.netbig.com, 2006
8th on the SCI citation ranking among Chinese universities published by the Ministry of Education,China,2005

Presidents

  • Zhang Boling: 1919-1948
  • He Lian(Acting): 1948-1957
  • Yang Shixian: 1957-1969, 1979-1981
  • Zang Boping: 1978
  • Teng Weizao: 1981-1986
  • Mu Guoguang: 1986-1995
  • Hou Zixin: 1995-2006
  • Rao Zihe: 2006-present

Famous alumni

Academic Schools

  • B

Business School

  • C

College of Chemistry
College of Chinese Language and Culture

  • E

School of Economics
College of Environmental Science and Engineering

  • F

College of Foreign Languages

  • H

College of History

  • I

College of Ideological and Cultural Education
College of Information Technology and Science

  • L

Law School
College of Life Sciences
School of Literature

  • M

School of Mathematical Sciences
School of Medicine

  • P

School of Pharmacy
Department of Philosophy
School of Physics

  • S

College of Software

  • T

TEDA College

  • Z

Zhou Enlai School of Government Administration

See also

References

External links

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