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.The term narcissism refers to the personality trait of egotism, which includes the set of character traits concerned with self-image ego.^ The Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) (formerly known as megalomania or, colloquially, as egotism) is a form of pathological narcissism.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The transformation from primary to secondary narcissism occurs when the ego does a makeover from a self-narcissistic libido to a later object libido.
  • The Artist Within - Dance and Narcissism Study by Joan Lachkar, Ph.D. 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC joanlachkarphd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Narcissism is the personality trait of selfishness taken to an extreme level, and like any personality trait, it can be slowly...
  • WikiAnswers - Narcissism Questions including "How can you tell if someone is a pathological liar" 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.The terms narcissism, narcissistic, and narcissist are often used as pejoratives, denoting vanity, conceit, egotism or simple selfishness.^ Narcissists are often described as unstable, unreliable, unable to undertake long-term commitments and obligations, or to maintain a job, or a career path.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) (formerly known as megalomania or, colloquially, as egotism) is a form of pathological narcissism.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The term was used to denote the attitude of a person who takes his own body as an object of attraction and desire, and centers on the practice of masturbation.
  • Gender Narcissism and its Manifestations 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.narth.com [Source type: Original source]

.Applied to a social group, it is sometimes used to denote elitism or an indifference to the plight of others.^ I used to play a lot of video games as a kid while most others did more normal social stuff.
  • Coding Horror: Paul Graham's Participatory Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.codinghorror.com [Source type: Original source]

The name "narcissism" is derived from Greek mythology. .Narcissus was a handsome Greek youth who rejected the desperate advances of the nymph Echo.^ Freud (1914) initially referred to narcissism as the state of self-directed libido after the Greek legend of Narcissus, who fell in love with his own image.
  • The Artist Within - Dance and Narcissism Study by Joan Lachkar, Ph.D. 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC joanlachkarphd.com [Source type: Original source]

.As punishment, he was doomed to fall in love with his own reflection in a pool of water.^ He was so in love with his own reflection that he fell into the water and drowned.
  • MedFriendly.com: Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.medfriendly.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In punishment of his cruelty, he was doomed to fall in love with his own reflection in a pool of water.

^ As a punishment, he was doomed to fall in love with his own reflection in a pool of water.
  • Narcissism at a Glance 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Narcissism at a Glance - narcissisticabuse | Google Groups 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.jahsonic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Bambooweb: Narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.bambooweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Unable to consummate his love, Narcissus pined away and changed into the flower that bears his name, the narcissus.^ And Narcissus is turned into a flower for all to enjoy.
  • Hey, Under-30s Crowd, Have You Overdosed on Narcissism? | | AlterNet 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ By the way, this is the same generation that was going to change the world through love, flower-power, conscious-raising acid trips and rock music.
  • Hey, Under-30s Crowd, Have You Overdosed on Narcissism? | | AlterNet 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

.Freud believed that some narcissism is an essential part of all of us from birth.^ The challenge of narcissism is all around us.
  • Narcissism and the church - Comments - Crunchy Con 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC blog.beliefnet.com [Source type: General]

^ These are all part of a treatment of narcissism...
  • Dave Davies Message Board / Narcissism and Rock-Medicine 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.davedavies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Personal Although the title suggests nipple shots that Freud's 1914 essay is cum wife an introduction to the concept of narcissism, the argument it is directed for the most part to an.

[1] .Andrew P. Morrison claims that, in adults, a reasonable amount of healthy narcissism allows the individual's perception of his needs to be balanced in relation to others.^ Andrew Morrison claims that, in adults, a reasonable amount of healthy narcissism allows the individual's perception of his needs to be balanced in relation to others.
  • Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.sciencedaily.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Narcissism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Healthy Narcissism is the ability to have reciprocal relationships where the need of each of the partners is balanced with the needs of the other.
  • Get Your ANGRIES Out 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.angriesout.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Healthy individuals are able to balance giving and taking.
  • Saint Luke Institute 301-445-7970 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.sli.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]

Contents

History

The concept of excessive selfishness has been recognized throughout history. In ancient Greece the concept was understood as hubris.
.It is only in recent times that it has been defined in psychological terms.^ Later, defined more abstractly in terms of its functions it came to mean more -- but at the same time less -- to those for whom it no longer represented the self.
  • THEORIES OF THE TREATMENT OF NARCISSISTIC PERSONALITIES 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.analysis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1898 Havelock Ellis, an English sexologist, used the term "narcissus-like" in reference to excessive masturbation, whereby the person becomes his or her own sex object[3].^ I am finding it extremly difficult to remain civil to him when I feel from the way he acts as it feels like all he cares about is the sex and not me as a person.

^ Like them, it forces its recipients to use their own imagination and creativity to decipher the code and flesh it out with rich and vivid details.
  • Narcissism and Psychopathy Revisited 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC samvaknin.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The term was used to denote the attitude of a person who takes his own body as an object of attraction and desire, and centers on the practice of masturbation.
  • Gender Narcissism and its Manifestations 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.narth.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1899, Paul Näche was the first person to use the term "narcissism" in a study of sexual perversions.^ Sexual narcissism: A validation study.

^ The terms narcissism , narcissistic , and narcissist are often used as pejoratives , denoting vanity , conceit , egotism or simple selfishness .
  • Narcissism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have been studying and working with narcissism for many years and have devoted a portion of my life to helping others who have suffered the cruel, heartless, devaluation of a narcissistic personality.
  • KaleahLaRoche.com - Inspiring Greatness! 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.kaleahlaroche.com [Source type: Original source]

.Otto Rank in 1911 published the first psychoanalytical paper specifically concerned with narcissism, linking it to vanity and self-admiration[3].^ Page 31 "...Sennett reminds us that narcissism has more in common with self-hatred than with self-admiration."
  • Quotations from The Culture of Narcissism by Lasch 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: Original source]

^ This is iffy, but what also seems to be happening is that visitors are mostly coming into the main page of the paper and not being linked from elsewhere into anything specific.
  • Newspaper Narcissism : CJR 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.cjr.org [Source type: General]

^ Since then psychoanalysis has broadened the definition of narcissism to mean an excessive self-love or concern for the self and lack of concern for others.
  • Gender Narcissism and its Manifestations 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.narth.com [Source type: Original source]

.Sigmund Freud only published a single paper exclusively devoted to narcissism in 1914 called On Narcissism: An Introduction.^ Personal Although the title suggests nipple shots that Freud's 1914 essay is cum wife an introduction to the concept of narcissism, the argument it is directed for the most part to an.

^ Sigmund Freud was as outstanding as KW. He was, of cource, only partially right as KW has said about himself and all others many times.
  • SPIRITUAL NARCISSISM, V. Gunnar Larsson 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.integralworld.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Freud's ideas of narcissism first emerged in his Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905), assumed an increasingly important role in his books Leonardo da Vinci and a Memory of his Childhood (1910) and Totem and Taboo (1912-1913), and were finally elaborated in the paper entitled `On narcissism: an introduction' (1914).
  • `I Deserve the Best and I Accept the Best': Exploring Female Narcissism in Me Myself I 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]
.In 1923, Martin Buber published his essay "Ich und Du" (I and Thou), in which he pointed out that our narcissism often leads us to relate to others as objects instead of as equals.^ Those that have been raised in this culture feel a sense of emptiness and search relentlessly for something to fill the void, often looking for acceptance from others instead of self acceptance.
  • Hey, Under-30s Crowd, Have You Overdosed on Narcissism? | | AlterNet 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ An ego psychology object relations theory of the structure and treatment of pathological narcissism.

^ Once we get over the shock that THAT THERE REALLY ARE PEOPLE LIKE THIS IN THE WORLD, our sense of survival kicks in and we get out before they slaughter us wholesale.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

Healthy narcissism

.Healthy narcissism is formed through a structural truthfulness of the self, achievement of self and object constancy, synchronization between the self and the superego and a balance between libidinal and aggressive drives (the ability to receive gratification from others and the drive for impulse expression).^ Distinctions between Self-Esteem and Narcissism A book sized essay regarding self-esteem as a goal of early childhood education, distinctions between self-esteem and narcissism and appropriate practices.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Healthy narcissism implies knowledge of one's boundaries and a proportionate and realistic appraisal of one's achievements and traits.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ He perceives others as objects, mere instruments of gratification, dispensable and interchangeable.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.Healthy narcissism forms a constant, realistic self-interest and mature goals and principles and an ability to form deep object relations.^ Object Relations vs. Self Psychology .
  • The Artist Within - Dance and Narcissism Study by Joan Lachkar, Ph.D. 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC joanlachkarphd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Distinctions between Self-Esteem and Narcissism A book sized essay regarding self-esteem as a goal of early childhood education, distinctions between self-esteem and narcissism and appropriate practices.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Healthy narcissism implies knowledge of one's boundaries and a proportionate and realistic appraisal of one's achievements and traits.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

[4] A feature related to healthy narcissism is the feeling of greatness. This is used to avoid feelings of inadequacy or insignificance.

A required element within normal development

.Healthy narcissism exists in all individuals.^ As distinct from healthy narcissism which we all possess, pathological narcissism is maladaptive, rigid, persisting, and causes significant distress, and functional impairment.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ After all, groups and societies exist for the benefit of individuals.
  • Hey, Under-30s Crowd, Have You Overdosed on Narcissism? | | AlterNet 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

.Freud says that this is an original state from the individual from where to develop the love object.^ It’s like I’m an object not a person that he loves and says he will love me for the next 40 yrs.

^ If you object, then they'll say that obviously you don't really love them or else you'd let them do whatever they want with you.
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Freud wrote that the need for the other, and the need for love is a very powerful emotion and over-flowing over of ego libido to the object.
  • The Artist Within - Dance and Narcissism Study by Joan Lachkar, Ph.D. 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC joanlachkarphd.com [Source type: Original source]

.Freud argues that healthy narcissism is an essential part in normal development.^ Freud theorized that an ego ideal is formed by the ego (becoming part of the superego), its function being to compensate for the repression of primal narcissism.
  • Gender Narcissism and its Manifestations 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.narth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We must carefully distinguish between the narcissistic traits of adolescents – narcissism is an integral part of their healthy personal development – and the full-fledge disorder.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ My aim has been to extend the concept of narcissism as developed by Freud and others.
  • Gender Narcissism and its Manifestations 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.narth.com [Source type: Original source]

[1] .The love of the parents for their child and their attitude towards their child could be seen as a revival and reproduction of their own narcissism according to Freud.^ The gender narcissism of a foot fetishist manifested itself in a feeling that he had a superior, feminist (reverent) attitude toward women.
  • Gender Narcissism and its Manifestations 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.narth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I also suspect that when he has a child of his own, he'll look at him or her and suddenly know that everything I did or said or wrote was done in the most profound love.
  • http://badladies.blogspot.com/2008/04/crazy-narcissistic-exploitative-zombie.html 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC badladies.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Narcissists can convince a child that they are the most desirable parent and they are also capable of convincing the child (as well as psychologists and judges) that momma does not love them, but only uses and controls them.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

[1] The child has an omnipotence of thought. .The parents stimulate that feeling because in their child they see the things that they have never reached themselves.^ Because no one else can see what they see.
  • Coding Horror: Paul Graham's Participatory Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.codinghorror.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The fact that they are such wonderful children is because of their father’s strict parenting – for which I am very greatful.

^ When these critics look out the window, they see only the same thing, no matter what comes by.
  • A philosophical critique of the concept of narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.focusing.org [Source type: Original source]

.Compared to neutral observations, the parents tend to overvalue the qualities of their child.^ Page 169-170 "The invasion of the family by industry, the mass media, and the agencies of socialized parenthood has subtly altered the quality of the parent-child connection.
  • Quotations from The Culture of Narcissism by Lasch 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: Original source]

.When parents act in an extreme opposite style and the child is rejected or inconsistently reinforced depending on the mood of the parent, the self-needs of the child are not met.^ When the child in such a family fails to live up to such stringent parental expectations (which are inevitable), the child will be the target of criticism, either direct or indirect, and suffer rejection.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ For example, there is pathological narcissism, part of the grandiose self that infects and invades the psyche that guards against dependency needs, real need sand desires.
  • The Artist Within - Dance and Narcissism Study by Joan Lachkar, Ph.D. 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC joanlachkarphd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To make sure that the child does not develop boundaries, and does not become independent, or autonomous, the narcissistic parent micromanages the child’s life and encourages dependent and infantile behaviors in her offspring.
  • Narcissism and Psychopathy Revisited 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC samvaknin.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

In relation to the pathological condition

.Healthy narcissism has to do with a strong feeling of “own love” protecting the human being against illness.^ Build up your self doing some things that you love and make you feel good about yourself and that build a strong, healthy life.

^ I feel that he is afraid to see himself and if he were aware that he has flaws, it will destroy him.He act crazy when he see my flaws and that is not normal behavior.I love him, how can i help him heal so that we can have a strong healthy marriage?

^ I am a distinct human being with my own talents, abilities, shortcomings, dreams, embarrassments, triumphs, failures and motivations, just like all 6 billion of my fellow human beings.
  • Narcissism 2.0 | MetaFilter 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Eventually, however, the individual must love the other, “the object love to not become ill". The person becomes ill, as a result of a frustration, when he is unable to love the object.^ This is a result of his inability to love humans: he lacks empathy, he thinks utility, and he reduces others to mere instruments.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ You must feel EMPTY and UNHAPPY in relationships with ANY OTHER kind of person.
  • Narcissism and Psychopathy Revisited 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC samvaknin.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ He changed from being a charming, loving, affectionate man albeit unable to have sex as he has ED yet pretends he is something of a sex God to others clearly to cover up for not being able to perform… he has now become a nasty, mean, unloving, coldhearted man.

[5] .In pathological narcissism such as the narcissistic personality disorder and schizophrenia, the person’s libido has been withdrawn from objects in the world and produces megalomania.^ But narcissism is a personality disorder, which may be different.

^ The borderline-narcissistic personality disorder continuum.

^ Differentiating borderline personality disorder from narcissistic personality disorder.

.The clinical theorists Kernberg, Kohut and Millon all see pathological narcissism as a possible outcome in response to unempathic and inconsistent early childhood interactions.^ As distinct from healthy narcissism which we all possess, pathological narcissism is maladaptive, rigid, persisting, and causes significant distress, and functional impairment.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Pathological narcissism is a reaction to prolonged abuse and trauma in early childhood or early adolescence.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Other major contributors to the study of narcissism are: Melanie Klein, Karen Horney, Franz Kohut, Otto Kernberg, Theodore Millon, Elsa Roningstam, Gunderson, and Robert Hare.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.They suggested that narcissists try to compensate in adult relationships.^ The most common fear that they will have as they try to detangle themselves is that their efforts to change the situation with the Narcissist will be the cause of his catastrophic self-destruction.
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

^ As co-dependents, they derive their Narcissistic Supply from their relationships with classic narcissists.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Then they try to compensate for all the rule-making with managed-fun exercises like a scavenger hunt.
  • Coding Horror: Paul Graham's Participatory Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.codinghorror.com [Source type: Original source]

[6] .The pathological condition of narcissism is, as Freud suggested, a magnified, extreme manifestation of healthy narcissism.^ Borderline conditions and pathological narcissism .

^ As distinct from healthy narcissism which we all possess, pathological narcissism is maladaptive, rigid, persisting, and causes significant distress, and functional impairment.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It is true, though, that the way pathological narcissism manifests and is experienced is dependent on the particulars of societies and cultures.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.With regard to the condition of healthy narcissism, it is suggested that this is correlated with good psychological health.^ How is it "idiotic" to feel compassion for someone you regard as being psychologically crippled by a distressing condition?
  • One Cʘsmos: Clinton, Shame and Narcissism: Destroying the Eyes of the World 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC onecosmos.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kathi's Mental Health Review – Narcissism FAQs, book excerpts, and other resources regarding the Narcissistic Personality Disorder.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Narcissism is regarded by many scholars to be an adaptative strategy (\"healthy narcissism\").
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.Self-esteem works as a mediator between narcissism and psychological health.^ Distinctions between Self-Esteem and Narcissism A book sized essay regarding self-esteem as a goal of early childhood education, distinctions between self-esteem and narcissism and appropriate practices.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Confusing pathological narcissism with self-esteem betrays a fundamental ignorance of both.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Healthy narcissism is a mature, balanced love of oneself coupled with a stable sense of self-worth and self-esteem.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.Therefore, because of their elevated self-esteem, deriving from self-perceptions of competence and likability, high narcissists are relatively free of worry and gloom.^ I regulate my sense of self-worth by rigidly insisting that I am above the madding crowd while deriving my Narcissistic Supply from this very thus despised source.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The narcissist's sense of self-worth is unstable (labile) so, the narcissist relies on input from other people to regulate his self-esteem and self-confidence.
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

^ One used strip-teasing to elevate her low female self-esteem.
  • Gender Narcissism and its Manifestations 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.narth.com [Source type: Original source]

[7] .Other researchers suggested that healthy narcissism cannot be seen as ‘good’ or ‘bad’; however, it depends on the contexts and outcomes being measured.^ Additionally, numbers, relations, and properties depend for their existence (and utility) on other beings, entities, and quantities.
  • Narcissism and Psychopathy Revisited 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC samvaknin.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Boyd refers to a lot of other research (Baumeister in particular), but it might be that her assertion that narcissism is increasing depends solely on Twenge's study (or rather Halpern's presentation of Twenge's results), without any other evidence.
  • Narcissism 2.0 | MetaFilter 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Recent research (1996) by Roningstam and others, however, shows that there is a condition which might be called \"Transient or Temporary or Short-Term Narcissism\" as opposed to the full-fledged version.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.In certain social contexts such as initiating social relationships, and with certain outcome variables, such as feeling good about oneself, healthy narcissism can be helpful.^ Build up your self doing some things that you love and make you feel good about yourself and that build a strong, healthy life.

^ In reaching out for help you obviously love your mother and want a loving healthy relationship with her.

^ Good luck, and remember that NO ONE has the right to make you feel badly about doing something you are not ok with!

.In other contexts, such as maintaining long-term relationships and with other outcome variables, such as accurate self-knowledge, healthy narcissism can be unhelpful.^ Natural history and long-term outcome.

^ It is a long, arduous process with uncertain outcomes.\" Relationships with Abusive Narcissists Online Chat Transcript http://healthyplace.com/communities/personality_disorders/site/Transc ripts/abusive_narcissists.htm \"David: What, then, can the other person in this relationship expect from the narcissist?
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Marcuse did not say, as I say, that what is called "narcissism" (anything other than the imposed order) is much more, and very different from what the term implies.
  • A philosophical critique of the concept of narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.focusing.org [Source type: Original source]

[8]

Solan's healthy narcissism

.In Ronnie Solan's view, healthy narcissism represents the functioning of narcissism as an emotional-immune system for safeguarding the familiarity and the well-being of the individual against invasion by foreign sensations (1998).^ As distinct from healthy narcissism which we all possess, pathological narcissism is maladaptive, rigid, persisting, and causes significant distress, and functional impairment.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The middle point is where the balance would be," he says, "and where well-being would occur, both socially and individually."
  • Hey, Under-30s Crowd, Have You Overdosed on Narcissism? | | AlterNet 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ Like the sounds of language, views of the world, taste of life, the smell of success, the feeling of well-being.
  • Hey, Under-30s Crowd, Have You Overdosed on Narcissism? | | AlterNet 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

Empirical studies

.Within psychology, there are two main branches of research into narcissism, clinical and social psychology.^ Representative Research in Social Psychology, 23 , 1-4.
  • Research Interests 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC wkc.myweb.uga.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ There are two main schools of thought.
  • basics of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.echo.me.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ You should also be aware that there is ongoing debate within the scientific community about the validity of measuring narcissism on the NPI or any other scale.
  • The Narcissistic Personality Inventory - Dr. Drew Pinsky 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.oprah.com [Source type: General]

.These approaches differ in their view of narcissism with the former treating it a disorder, and thus as discrete, and the latter treating it as a personality trait, and thus as a continuum.^ The important differences between narcissism and the antisocial personality disorder are: .
  • Narcissism, Narcissistic Pathologies, the Narcissistic Personality Disorder 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.toddlertime.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But narcissism is a personality disorder, which may be different.

^ How is narcissistic personality disorder treated?
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment on MedicineNet.com 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.medicinenet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These two strands of research tend loosely to stand in a divergent relation to one another although they converge in places.^ I get the job of one of these researchers?
  • Facebook Narcissism // Current 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Relating to A Narcissist Watching a narcissist ingratiate himself to those he wants to please and from whom he wants admiration, you becomes an observer of the morphing from one persona to another.
  • The narcissist, lack of empathy, emotional abuse 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.narcissisticabuse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It’s hard to be in a close relationship with a narcissist, though they may attach themselves to one another in a kind of mutually assured egocentricity.
  • Echoes of Narcissism at Michael Sigman 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC majorsongs.com [Source type: General]

Campbell and Foster (2007) [9] review the literature on narcissism. They argue that narcissists possess the following ‘basic ingredients’:
  • Positive. .Narcissists think they are better than others.^ A narcissist thinks she is special, unique, and entitled to better treatment than others.
    • The Narcissism Epidemic: Living in the Age of Entitlement � Book 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.narcissismepidemic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Do narcissists get worse or better as they get older?
    • WikiAnswers - Narcissism Questions including "How can you tell if someone is a pathological liar" 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Faced with a challenge - they are likely to do better than non-narcissists.
    • Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.psychdaily.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [10]
  • Inflated. .Narcissists’ views tend to be contrary to reality.^ Still others regard the core problem as the narcissist's inability to test reality and construct an accurate view of him- or herself.
    • Narcissistic personality disorder - Definition, Description, Causes and symptoms, Demographics, Diagnosis, Treatments, Prognosis, Prevention, Resources 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.minddisorders.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Since they are primarily geared to obtain narcissistic needs, the relationships of gender narcissists tend to be shallow and to deny reality.
    • Gender Narcissism and its Manifestations 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.narth.com [Source type: Original source]

    .In measure which compare self-report to objective measures, narcissists self-views tend to be greatly exaggerated.^ They have an exaggerated sense of self-importance, feel privileged and entitled, have little empathy, put their own needs first and tend to be critical and controlling of others.
    • Study draws new portrait of faces of narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.canada.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Narcissists tend to have little sense of an integrated self, since exaggerated self-appraisals frequently require a distancing from reality.
    • Generation Me: More on Narcissism :: Monastery of the Holy Cross 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC chicagomonk.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Narcissists as well as patients with anxiety disorders constantly fail to measure up to an inner, harsh, and sadistic critic and a grandiose, inflated self-image.
    • Misdiagnosing Narcissism - Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) - Mental Health 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.bellaonline.com [Source type: Academic]

    [11]
  • Agentic. .Narcissists’ views tend to be most exaggerated in the agentic domain, relative to the communion domain.^ Narcissists tend to have little sense of an integrated self, since exaggerated self-appraisals frequently require a distancing from reality.
    • Generation Me: More on Narcissism :: Monastery of the Holy Cross 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC chicagomonk.org [Source type: General]

    ^ People who score high in agentic sexuality tend to view sex as personally rewarding and self-enhancing.
    • narcissism // Current 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Narcissists tend to be shallow and unevolved, with a limited grasp of most topics.
    • * Social Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.arachnoid.com [Source type: Original source]

    [10][11]
  • Special. .Narcissists perceive themselves to be unique and special people[12].
  • Selfish.^ Extremely selfish and self-centred, people with a narcissistic personality have a grandiose view of their uniqueness, achievements, and talents and an insatiable craving for admiration and approval from others.
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Narcissists constantly dump - or project - unwanted parts of themselves onto other people.
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The narcissistic pastor will attempt to stack the board, the elders or committees that he has to deal with, with people who he perceives as loyal, no matter how incompetent they may be, particularly if they are seen as one of the special people (the rich, the educated, etc.
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

    .Research upon narcissists’ behaviour in resource dilemmas supports the case for narcissists as being selfish[13].
  • Oriented toward success.^ Narcissist's Support Group E-mail support group for individuals with narcissistic behaviour or have NPD. Narcissistic Escape Forum for discussing narcissistic abuse and the aftermath of a narcissistic relationship.
    • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Narcissistic Personality Disorder Sanctuary DSM-IV criteria, bookstore and recommended reading, resources, articles, and discussion and support boards.
    • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ People Pleasers Resources and support group for people pleasers who fall prey to narcissists.
    • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    Narcissists are oriented towards success by being, for example, approach oriented [14]
.Also, narcissists tend to demonstrate a lack of interest in warm and caring interpersonal relationships.^ Narcissists aren’t particularly interested in warmth and caring in their relationships.
  • The Narcissism Epidemic: Living in the Age of Entitlement � Book 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.narcissismepidemic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A narcissist tends to have difficulties maintaining healthy interpersonal relationships, stemming largely from a lack of empathy and a propensity for taking advantage of others in the interest of self-aggrandizement.
  • narcissism Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In plain words, the narcissist is dejected when confronted with the abyss between his inflated self-image and grandiose fantasies – and the drab reality of his life: his failures, lack of accomplishments, disintegrating interpersonal relationships, and low status.
  • Misdiagnosing Narcissism – The Bipolar I Disorder — Relationship & Dating Advice at GirlShrink.com 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC girlshrink.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Campbell and Forster (2007)[9] also talk of several ongoing controversies within narcissism literature, namely whether narcissism is healthy or unhealthy, a personality disorder, a discrete or continuous variable, defensive or offensive, the same across genders, the same across cultures, and changeable or unchangeable.^ But narcissism is a personality disorder, which may be different.

^ Contains the entire text: essays, frequently asked questions (FAQs) and appendices regarding pathological narcissism and the Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD).
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ This may be seen as a societal manifestation of gender narcissism-an alliance of mothers and their idealizing sons on the cultural level.
  • Gender Narcissism and its Manifestations 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.narth.com [Source type: Original source]

.Campbell and Foster (2007) argue that self-regulatory strategies are of paramount importance to understanding narcissism.^ Narcissism and comparative self-enhancement strategies.
  • Athletic Insight - Narcissism in Football Players: Stereotype or Reality? 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.athleticinsight.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Research Interests 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC wkc.myweb.uga.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Unraveling the paradoxes of narcissism: A dynamic self-regulatory processing model.
  • About narcissism and NPD « Narcissismblog 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC narcissismblog.com [Source type: Academic]

^ You should read… \"Malignant Self Love – Narcissism Revisited\" The EIGHTH, REVISED PRINTING (January 2007) is now available!
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

[9]. .Self-regulation in narcissists involves such things as striving to make one’s self look and feel positive, special, successful and important.^ One form is not what makes a self.
  • A philosophical critique of the concept of narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.focusing.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But such reactions do not a narcissist make.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I regulate my sense of self-worth by rigidly insisting that I am above the madding crowd while deriving my Narcissistic Supply from this very thus despised source.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.It comes in both intra-psychic, such a blaming a situation rather than self for failure, and interpersonal forms, such as using a relationship to serve one’s own self.^ One form is not what makes a self.
  • A philosophical critique of the concept of narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.focusing.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He uses others rather than loves them.
  • Understanding Narcissism :: Life Counseling Center 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.lifecounsel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When we consider the reasons for this rash of self-centeredness, I think most of it comes down to just one thing: bad parenting.
  • Commentary: Joe, Kanye, Serena -- aren't they special? - CNN.com 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: News]

.Some differences in self-regulation between narcissists and non-narcissists can be seen with Campbell, Reeder, Sedikides & Elliot (2000) [15] who conducted a study in which two experiments were conducted.^ I regulate my sense of self-worth by rigidly insisting that I am above the madding crowd while deriving my Narcissistic Supply from this very thus despised source.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ If there is a clear distinction between the narcissist and others you evaluate then you probably have seen things clearly.
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The narcissist's sense of self-worth is unstable (labile) so, the narcissist relies on input from other people to regulate his self-esteem and self-confidence.
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

.In both experiments, participants took part an achievement task following which they were provided with false feedback; it was either bogus success or failure.^ Has your N been successful in follow through with business decisions, and have they been good deals?

^ This happens to Narcissists who go through a life crisis: their False Ego becomes dysfunctional and they experience a harrowing feeling of annulment.
  • Dual Role of the False Self 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.toddlertime.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After all, in their minds, they are entitled to all credit for success and since they are without fault cannot possibly be blamed for failure.

.It was found that both narcissists and non-narcissists self-enhanced but non-narcissists showed more flexibility in doing so.^ The narcissist is bound to make use of his more pronounced traits and qualities in both the design of his False Self and the extraction of Narcissistic Supply from others.
  • narcissisticabuse : Message: Grandiosity, Fantasies, and Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC health.groups.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ A new study shows Facebook pages are an accurate predictor of personality, with narcissists having on average more friends and posts, and more considered photos of themselves.
  • narcissism – News Stories About narcissism - Page 1 | Newser 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.newser.com [Source type: General]

^ You might say that young people have always been more narcissistic than older adults, but a study published a couple years ago found that college students get more narcissistic every year, and have been doing so since at least 1982.
  • Does mobile and social technology breed narcissism? | Mobilize - InfoWorld 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.infoworld.com [Source type: General]

.Participants were measured on both a comparative and a non-comparative self-enhancement strategy.^ Narcissism and comparative self-enhancement strategies.
  • Athletic Insight - Narcissism in Football Players: Stereotype or Reality? 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.athleticinsight.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Research Interests 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC wkc.myweb.uga.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ In both studies, narcissism and self-esteem were measured, and participants were given an opportunity to act aggressively toward a neutral third party, toward someone who had insulted them, or toward someone who had praised them.

^ It may enable us to live in a self-centered social environment devoid of both non-peers and personal criticism.
  • Does Mobile Tech Breed Narcissism? - CIO.com - Business Technology Leadership 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.cio.com [Source type: General]

.It was found that both narcissists and non-narcissists employed the non-comparative strategy similarly.^ The psychologists found that the most aggressive respondents in both studies were narcissists who were attacking someone who had given them a bad evaluation.

^ Comparative Analysis Each of the psychological approaches discussed above contains both strengths and weaknesses, in attempting to solve the narcissistic puzzle.
  • On Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.studyworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, narcissists were found to be more self-serving with the comparative strategy, employing it far more, than non-narcissists, suggesting a greater rigidity with their self-enhancement.^ It is very real, more real to the narcissist than his True Self.
  • Narcissism, Narcissistic Pathologies, the Narcissistic Personality Disorder 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.toddlertime.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But the bipolar’s bombast is far more delusional than the narcissist’s.
  • Misdiagnosing Narcissism – The Bipolar I Disorder — Relationship & Dating Advice at GirlShrink.com 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC girlshrink.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is far more than I have accomplished.

.When narcissists receive negative feedback which threatens the self, they will self-enhance at all costs whereas non-narcissists tend to have limits.^ Narcissists are proud and they are sinfulas we all are.
  • Understanding Narcissism :: Life Counseling Center 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.lifecounsel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They have an exaggerated sense of self-importance, feel privileged and entitled, have little empathy, put their own needs first and tend to be critical and controlling of others.
  • Study draws new portrait of faces of narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.canada.com [Source type: News]

^ Narcissists cannot love like normal people, but they can sap all the love out of everyone around them and create a living nightmare for all within their reach.

Narcissistic personality disorder

.Although most individuals have some narcissistic traits, high levels of narcissism can manifest themselves as a pathological form as narcissistic personality disorder, whereby the patient overestimates his or her abilities and has an excessive need for admiration and affirmation.^ Narcissistic personality disorder .
  • Narcissistic personality disorder - MayoClinic.com 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.mayoclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Causes Of Narcissistic Personality Disorder - HealthCentral 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.healthcentral.com [Source type: General]

^ Some of these individuals are narcissists.

^ Suicide attempts in patients with pathological affect regulation and narcissistic disorders.

Hotchkiss's seven deadly sins of narcissism

Hotchkiss[16] identified what she called the seven deadly sins of narcissism:
.
  1. Shamelessness - Shame is the feeling that lurks beneath all unhealthy narcissism, and the inability to process shame in healthy ways.
  2. Magical thinking - Narcissists see themselves as perfect using distortion and illusion known as magical thinking.^ As I see it, all narcissism is not the same.
    • Wellness Goods :: Narcissism and PMS :: 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.wellnessgoods.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ So what’s the difference between “healthy narcissism” and unhealthy narcissism – also known as “pathological narcissism” or Narcissistic Personality Disorder?

    ^ "Power is the perfect antidote for shame, and the Narcissist sees power as his due.
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

    .They also use projection to dump shame onto others.
  3. Arrogance - A narcissist who is feeling deflated may reinflate by diminishing, debasing, or degrading somebody else.
  4. Envy - A narcissist may secure a sense of superiority in the face of another person's ability by using contempt to minimize the other person.
  5. Entitlement - Narcissists hold unreasonable expectations of particularly favorable treatment and automatic compliance because they consider themselves uniquely special.^ Demands automatic and full compliance with his or her expectations.
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They must look to another person's reaction to gain any sense of themselves.
    • A philosophical critique of the concept of narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.focusing.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Narcissists constantly dump - or project - unwanted parts of themselves onto other people.
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

    .Any failure to comply will be considered an attack on their superiority and the perpetrator is considered to be an "awkward" or "difficult" person.^ Any failure to comply will be considered an attack on their superiority.
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A personality disorder arises only when repeated attacks on the obstacle continue to fail -- especially if this recurrent failure happens during the formative stages (0-6 years of age).
    • Narcissism at a Glance 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Defiance of their will is a narcissistic injury that can trigger narcissistic rage.
  6. Exploitation - can take many forms but always involves the using of others without regards for their feelings or interests.^ The narcissist is forced to use other people in order to feel that he exists.
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Narcissistic rage has two forms: .
    • Narcissism and Psychopathy Revisited 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC samvaknin.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Defiance of their will is a narcissistic injury that can trigger rage and self-righteous aggression."
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

    .Often the other is in a subservient position where resistance would be difficult or even impossible.^ The price of this tendency to extreme subjectivity would seem to be simply not caring about what others think or feel or even further not even having the cognitive means of perceiving this.
    • Narcissism - Cassiopedia 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.cassiopedia.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Some may even speak to each other in foreigh languages that others might not understand, and there would be no control over the subjects they discuss or the things they say.
    • Rough Type: Nicholas Carr's Blog: The new narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.roughtype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ When the narcissist is the victim's mother, it's a difficult spot to be in, as most children (even grown children) find it almost impossible to leave the relationship.
    • Narcissism Victim Syndrome, A new diagnosis?   303-841-7691 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.outoftheboxx.com [Source type: General]

    .Sometimes the subservience is not so much real as assumed.
  7. Bad Boundaries - narcissists do not recognize that they have boundaries and that others are separate and are not extensions of themselves.^ However, since they don't know what other people are doing, narcissists can't judge what will affect them personally and seem never to learn that when they cause trouble they will get trouble back.
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They are arrogant, exploitative to achieve their own goals and expect much more from others than they themselves are willing to give.” .
    • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is not so much about skill in the end anyway but determination and the realization that you real do NEED and have a right to ask others to help you, especially if it is their job.

    .Others either exist to meet their needs or may as well not exist at all.^ I am, and I have had to tolerate this all along (meeting his needs.

    ^ For example, a mother may feel that the father isn't meeting her needs emotionally so she will turn to her child for emotional gratification - in effect trying to get the child to be what they want from a partner.
    • basics of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.echo.me.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A popular dance track repeats the words "money, success, fame, glamour" over and over, declaring that all other values have "either been discredited or destroyed."

    .Those who provide narcissistic supply to the narcissist will be treated as if they are part of the narcissist and be expected to live up to those expectations.^ They have only Sources of Narcissistic Supply.
    • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They are living and suffering the narcissistic style.
    • On Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.studyworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Those who are sources of narcissistic supply are highly valued by the narcissist, not for their own sake, but for what they provide him.
    • lifeissues.net | Narcissism and the Dynamics of Evil 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.lifeissues.net [Source type: Original source]

    In the mind of a narcissist, there is no boundary between self and other.

Masterson's subtypes

.James F. Masterson in 1993[17] proposes two categories for pathological narcissism, exhibitionist and closet.^ The second part is an exposition of the various psychodynamic theories regarding pathological narcissism and a proposed new vocabulary.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Open Directory Narcissistic Personality Disorder Category Links to pathological narcissism and Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) resources on the Web.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.Both fail to adequately develop an age- and phase- appropriate self because of defects in the quality of psychological nurturing provided, usually by the mother.^ When adults have failed to develop age-appropriate narcissism, this is termed as underdeveloped narcissism.
  • Parental Destructive Narcissism by Nina Brown 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.wmeades.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Problems only occur when a person develops extreme narcissism, which is a genuine psychological disorder, one that's usually accompanied by psychopathic or sociopathic tendencies such as the desire to...
  • Narcissism - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The narcissist is bound to make use of his more pronounced traits and qualities in both the design of his False Self and the extraction of Narcissistic Supply from others.
  • narcissisticabuse : Message: Grandiosity, Fantasies, and Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC health.groups.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.The exhibitionist narcissist is the one described in DSM-IV and differs from the closet narcissist in several important ways.^ In this week’s episode, Lisa and Barbara will specifically discuss the different ways a narcissist manipulates, including the confusing cycle of being idealized by the narcissist to discarded and devalued.
  • BlogTalk Radio | All About Him 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC allabouthim.com [Source type: General]

^ One researcher has commented that much more research is necessary to validate DSM-IV-TR 's description of NPD before outcome studies can be done comparing different techniques of treatment.
  • Narcissistic personality disorder - Definition, Description, Causes and symptoms, Demographics, Diagnosis, Treatments, Prognosis, Prevention, Resources 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.minddisorders.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The information on the Web is very repetitive and amounts to little more than the diagnostic criteria from DSM-IV. Clinical descriptions of Narcissistic Personality Disorder don't describe the things that are most shocking and puzzling in everyday interaction with narcissists.
  • Geometry.Net - Health_Conditions: Narcissistic Personality Disorder 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

.The closet narcissist is more likely to be described as having a deflated, inadequate self perception and greater awareness of emptiness within.^ It's more like a rise in self-centeredness.
  • Commentary: Joe, Kanye, Serena -- aren't they special? - CNN.com 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ The narcissist lacks self-awareness.
  • Analysis: Narcissism in the Boardroom-II - UPI.com 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.upi.com [Source type: General]
  • Excellent Resources On Narcissist, Narcissism, Narcissistic 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.123-character-education.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Narcissism in the Boardroom 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Being married to a narcissist means your own needs, wants and desires are likely to be ignored, Mrs. Brown says in "Loving the Self-Absorbed: How to Create a More Satisfying Relationship with a Narcissistic Partner."
  • WETZSTEIN: Narcissism disorder takes toll - Washington Times 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.washingtontimes.com [Source type: News]

.The exhibitionist narcissist would be described as having an inflated, grandiose self perception with little or no conscious awareness of the emptiness within.^ Narcissism means having an inflated or grandiose sense of self.
  • The Narcissism Epidemic: Living in the Age of Entitlement � Book 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.narcissismepidemic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No true narcissist would concede so.
  • Day 1: Is Jewish Renewal the Next Step in Spirituality, or Boomer Narcissism? | Jewcy.com 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: General]

^ This would be an example of the omnipotent/grandiose self.
  • The Artist Within - Dance and Narcissism Study by Joan Lachkar, Ph.D. 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC joanlachkarphd.com [Source type: Original source]

.Such a person would assume that this condition was normal and that others were just like them.^ People of this type impress others as being 'personalities'; it is on them that their fellow-men are specially likely to lean; they readily assume the role of leader, give a fresh stimulus to cultural development or breakdown existing conditions.
  • PTypes - Narcissistic Personality Disorder Criteria 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.ptypes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Writing a Wrong Would you like to share something you've written with others?

^ Such a person takes behavioral, emotional, and cognitive cues exclusively from others.
  • narcissism books | weRead 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC weread.com [Source type: General]

.The closet narcissist seeks constant approval from others and appears similar to the borderline in the need to please others.^ The malignant narcissist’s constant need for attention is their Achilles heel and oftentimes a simple search engine query will cause their skeletons to poke their heads out of the closet.

^ There has been much written about Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD), which is an all-pervasive pattern of grandiosity, intense need for approval, admiration or adulation, self-importance and sense of entitlement, constant envy of others, arrogance coupled with rage when frustrated, and total lack of empathy.
  • Inner Bonding Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.innerbonding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The interpersonal relationships of patients with Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) are typically impaired due to their lack of empathy, disregard for others, exploitativeness, sense of entitlement, and constant need for attention (Narcissistic Supply).
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.The exhibitionist narcissist seeks perfect admiration all the time from others.^ Narcissists feature self-importance, lack of consideration of and empathy for others (many times to the point of exploitation), and have a long trail of troubled and fractured relationships.

^ Yet still when I switch to pride (in mode of hatred), I dwell on all the times that I have been hurt by that and other relationships.
  • Forgiveness and Acceptance 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC website.lineone.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The narcissist actively solicits Narcissistic Supply – adulation, compliments, admiration, subservience, attention, being feared – from others in order to sustain his fragile and dysfunctional Ego.
  • Narcissism and Psychopathy Revisited 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC samvaknin.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Narcissists, Disagreement and Criticism 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

Millon's variations

Theodore Millon identified five variations of narcissist:[3] Any individual narcissist may exhibit none or one of the following:
  • unprincipled narcissist - including antisocial features. A charlatan - is a fraudulent, exploitative, deceptive and unscrupulous individual.
  • elitist narcissist - variant of pure pattern.^ Close-binding, emotionally incestuous, or hostile-controlling mothers and passive, passive-aggressive, hostile, or absent fathers seem to predominate in the backgrounds of gender-narcissistic patients.
    • Gender Narcissism and its Manifestations 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.narth.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ At such times it can seem as if the old forms were the only patterns of our bodies; now that they don't work, nothing does.
    • A philosophical critique of the concept of narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.focusing.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I don't have any problem with the notion that "kids today" are narcissistic, just as children and various ages of adults are.
    • Narcissism 2.0 | MetaFilter 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Corresponds to Wilhelm Reich's "phallic narcissistic" personality type.
  • fanatic type - including paranoid features.^ Some narcissistic personality types.

    ^ NPD Clinical Features Perhaps the most immediately evident trait of patients with Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is their vulnerability to criticism and disagreement.

    ^ Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is commonly diagnosed with other personality disorders, such as the Histrionic, Borderline, Paranoid, and Antisocial Personality Disorders.
    • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    .A severely narcissistically wounded individual, usually with major paranoid tendencies who holds onto an illusion of omnipotence.^ Narcissistic Personality Disorder is a label coined by psychologists to describe a particular set of defenses and behaviors in a group of individuals who meet the criteria.

    ^ Blanket-diagnosing people with a psychological illness not only trivializes the difficulties of people who actually have it — it shifts the burden of reform from the community onto the individual.
    • The Narcissism Epidemic Article Epidemic Is Getting Annoying - narcissism - Jezebel 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC jezebel.com [Source type: General]

    ^ By and large it is the severe narcissist who loses all sense of humour.
    • NARCISSISM 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

    .These people are fighting the reality of their insignificance and lost value and are trying to re-establish their self-esteem through grandiose fantasies and self-reinforcement.^ We're using the celebrity draw and trying it on people to show the reality.
    • Celebrity narcissism: A bad reflection for kids - USATODAY.com 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

    ^ These candidates are real people in these campaigns.
    • 'Special Report' Panel on Hillary Clinton's Emotional Moment - Special Report w/ Bret Baier - FOXNews.com 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.foxnews.com [Source type: General]

    ^ My self-esteem with men needed some help and people with low self-esteem will try even harder to please in order to gain their appreciation and validation; this boosts the narcissist's ego while further humiliating the enabler, in this case, me.

    When unable to gain recognition of support from others, they take on the role of a heroic or worshipped person with a grandiose mission.

Other forms of narcissism

Acquired situational narcissism

.Acquired situational narcissism (ASN) is a form of narcissism that develops in late adolescence or adulthood, brought on by wealth, fame and the other trappings of celebrity.^ Celebrity and induced (situational) narcissism .

^ "Acquired Situational Narcissism" can be experienced in adulthood as a result of success in society (e.g.
  • basics of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.echo.me.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ According to him, pathological narcissism can be induced in adulthood by celebrity, wealth, and fame.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.It was coined by Robert B. Millman, professor of psychiatry at the Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University.^ Luckily, in countries like Macedonia, it is confined to its rapacious elites: its politicians, managers, university professors, medical doctors, judges, journalists, and top bureaucrats.
  • Narcissism and Psychopathy Revisited 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC samvaknin.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Robert B. Millman, professor of psychiatry at New York Hospital – Cornell Medical School thinks it can.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.ASN differs from conventional narcissism in that it develops after childhood and is triggered and supported by the celebrity-obsessed society: fans, assistants and tabloid media all play into the idea that the person really is vastly more important than other people, triggering a narcissistic problem that might have been only a tendency, or latent, and helping it to become a full-blown personality disorder.^ It is very real, more real to the narcissist than his True Self.
  • Narcissism, Narcissistic Pathologies, the Narcissistic Personality Disorder 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.toddlertime.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Narcissistic personality disorder .
  • Narcissism At Work Slide presentation by Dattner Consulting regarding narcissism at work. 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC art.ridne.net [Source type: Academic]

^ PsychForums NPD Support Community PsychForums Narcissistic Personality Disorder support community.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.In its presentation and symptoms, it is indistinguishable from narcissistic personality disorder, differing only in its late onset and its support by large numbers of others.^ Narcissistic personality disorder .
  • Narcissism At Work Slide presentation by Dattner Consulting regarding narcissism at work. 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC art.ridne.net [Source type: Academic]

^ PsychForums NPD Support Community PsychForums Narcissistic Personality Disorder support community.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Narcissistic Personality Disorder How to recognize a narcissist .
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) : DSM-IV Diagnostic Criteria 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.halcyon.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) : How to recognize a narcissist 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.halcyon.com [Source type: Original source]

.The person with ASN may suffer from unstable relationships, substance abuse and erratic behaviour.^ Others stay, and either learn to cope with the abuse, or continue to suffer with a painfully dysfunctional relationship.
  • Parents with NPD: What Happens When a Parent Has Narcissistic Personality Disorder? | Suite101.com 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC narcissistic-personality.suite101.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Narcissist's Support Group E-mail support group for individuals with narcissistic behaviour or have NPD. Narcissistic Escape Forum for discussing narcissistic abuse and the aftermath of a narcissistic relationship.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ N-partners Nonprofit forum offering support to people who are in, or have been in a relationship with a person suffering from NPD (narcissistic personality disorder).
  • Geometry.Net - Health_Conditions: Narcissistic Personality Disorder 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

A famous fictional character with ASN is Norma Desmond, the main character of Sunset Boulevard.

Aggressive narcissism

This is Factor 1 in the Hare Psychopathy Checklist, which includes the following traits:
  • Glibness/superficial charm
  • Grandiose sense of self-worth
  • Pathological lying
  • Cunning/manipulative
  • Lack of remorse or guilt
  • Shallow affect
  • Callous/lack of empathy
  • Failure to accept responsibility for own actions.

Conversational narcissism

Conversational narcissism is a term used by sociologist Charles Derber in his book "The Pursuit of Attention: Power and Ego in Everyday Life".
.Derber observed that the social support system in America is relatively weak, and this leads people to compete mightily for attention.^ Adorno and Horkheimer criticized these people for believing that they were their own (subjective) source of strength, when it was actually the social system that formed their egos, and gave them their ego-strength.
  • A philosophical critique of the concept of narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.focusing.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Reach out for help – there are many wonderful compassionate people in the world – and perhaps social support systems in your area or state.

^ At the relatively healthy end of the continuum are people who believe in themselves and their abilities, but dont demand special privileges nor consider themselves above the social rules or norms.
  • Understanding Narcissism :: Life Counseling Center 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.lifecounsel.org [Source type: Original source]

.In social situations, they tend to steer the conversation away from others and toward themselves.^ The outspoken types tend to achieve leading positions in life and resent subordination unless they can - as in the army or other hierarchic organizations - compensate for the necessity of subordination by exerting domination over others who find themselves on lower rungs of the ladder.
  • PTypes - Narcissistic Personality Disorder Criteria 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.ptypes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They have an exaggerated sense of self-importance, feel privileged and entitled, have little empathy, put their own needs first and tend to be critical and controlling of others.
  • Study draws new portrait of faces of narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.canada.com [Source type: News]

^ The sad fact seems to be that narcissists feel just as bad about themselves as they make others feel about them.  ^ .
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) : Traits discussed 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.halcyon.com [Source type: Original source]

."Conversational narcissism is the key manifestation of the dominant attention-getting psychology in America," he wrote.^ Narcissism is an attention-getting term, and we do not use it lightly.

^ The Psychodynamic Perspective of Narcissism The psychodynamic model of narcissism is dominated by two overlapping schools of thought, the self psychology school and the object relations school.
  • On Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.studyworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."It occurs in informal conversations among friends, family and coworkers.^ Even the less self-absorbed have witnessed narcissistic behavior on TV, online, or in real-life interactions with friends, family, or coworkers.

^ When abrupt departures occur—their family moves or they have to leave friends behind—they can cope by keeping in touch more easily.” .
  • The New Atlantis » Virtual Friendship and the New Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.thenewatlantis.com [Source type: General]

.The profusion of popular literature about listening and the etiquette of managing those who talk constantly about themselves suggests its pervasiveness in everyday life..."^ When he talks about narcissism everyone listens.
  • Noted Narcissism Expert Wrote that Barack Obama Appears to be a Narcissist - Truth! & Fiction! 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.truthorfiction.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is a straightforward psychiatric/psychological term for a recognized personality disorder that severely impacts those who don't insulate themselves from its effects.

^ Or do they suggest a certain narcissism about the Obamas and their view of themselves?
  • Michelle's America | The Weekly Standard 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC weeklystandard.com [Source type: General]

.What Derber describes as "conversational narcissism" often occurs subtly rather than overtly, because even the dim-witted among us know that it's rude not to show interest in others, and prudent to avoid being judged an egotist.^ Rather than being manipulative be clear.

^ He uses others rather than loves them.
  • Understanding Narcissism :: Life Counseling Center 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.lifecounsel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ All too often, however, spirituality reinforces rather than transcends conventional limits, boundaries, and notions of the ego.

Derber distinguishes the "shift-response" from the "support-response."

Corporate narcissism

.Organizational psychologist Alan Downs wrote a book in 1997 describing corporate narcissism [18].^ The World Health Organization in its ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders describes narcissism as: .
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

.He explores high-profile corporate leaders (such as Al Dunlap and Robert Allen) who, he suggests, literally have only one thing on their minds: profits.^ Glad I'm not the only one who sees things as they are.
  • Newspaper Narcissism : CJR 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.cjr.org [Source type: General]

^ People go to newspapers for many things, but one of the key ones (for those who are subscribers) are locally important events like this, for the details, for names, for context.
  • Newspaper Narcissism : CJR 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.cjr.org [Source type: General]

^ Basically just back to how inadequate I am and how he is the only one who can get anything done … .

.According to Downs, such narrow focus actually may yield positive short-term benefits, but ultimately it will drag down individual employees as well as entire companies.^ Shit, many of his friends and people that he brings in to talk to founders are actually employees at other companies.
  • Coding Horror: Paul Graham's Participatory Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.codinghorror.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There may be many such sets (or none whatsoever) and necessary existence may not be a (positive) property (or a member of some of the sets) after all.
  • Narcissism and Psychopathy Revisited 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC samvaknin.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I have also noticed that employees even for the greatest company seem like gutless, castrated individuals **compared** with startup founders.
  • Coding Horror: Paul Graham's Participatory Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.codinghorror.com [Source type: Original source]

.Alternative thinking is proposed, and some firms now utilizing these options are examined.^ To modify the assumption that "narcissism" is the only alternative to the ego, let us examine how Freud defined these two concepts.
  • A philosophical critique of the concept of narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.focusing.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What some of these liars do is throw a lot a truth in too, so if you check out a few things, and find it is true, then you think, well, everything is true.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ If only we could talk about these things and then leave some time for thinking and then revisit them again rather than fight or say ‘it’s over’.” .

.Downs's theories are relevant to those which have been suggested by Victor Hill in his book, Corporate Narcissism in Accounting Firms Australia.^ The book is not written from a distinctly Christian perspective, but gives a wonderful understanding of the problems of narcissism, its causes, and very practical suggestions for living with a narcissist.
  • Understanding Narcissism :: Life Counseling Center 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.lifecounsel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The authors suggest that a theory of self-esteem must take into account the important role of an individual's "self-talk and self-thoughts" as well as the perceived appraisal of others (p.
  • Distinctions between Self-Esteem and Narcissism> 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This narcissism is largely contrived by corporate media control, but some of it is a subsconscious reaction to those same systems of controls which we know are bad on a primal level.
  • Hey, Under-30s Crowd, Have You Overdosed on Narcissism? | | AlterNet 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

[19]

Cross-cultural narcissism

Lachkar describes the phenomena of cross-cultural narcissism thus:[20].
."The cross-cultural narcissist brings to his new country a certain amount of nationalistic pride, which he holds onto relentlessly.^ The cultural narcissist brings to this country a certain about of nationalistic pride and will hold to relentlessly will not adapt and will do anything to maintain his sense of special identity.
  • The Artist Within - Dance and Narcissism Study by Joan Lachkar, Ph.D. 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC joanlachkarphd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They thus deprive themselves of any basis on which to make connections between the narcissistic personality type and certain characteristic patterns of contemporary culture, such as the [8.
  • Quotations from The Culture of Narcissism by Lasch 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: Original source]

.He refuses to adapt and will go to great lengths to maintain his sense of special identity.^ Narcissists at work crave constant attention and will go to great lengths to secure it - including by "engineering" situations that place them at the center.
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The cultural narcissist brings to this country a certain about of nationalistic pride and will hold to relentlessly will not adapt and will do anything to maintain his sense of special identity.
  • The Artist Within - Dance and Narcissism Study by Joan Lachkar, Ph.D. 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC joanlachkarphd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So he will go to great lengths and carefully contrive very devious and underhanded schemes to keep people divided.
  • lifeissues.net | Narcissism and the Dynamics of Evil 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.lifeissues.net [Source type: Original source]

Cross-cultural narcissists often hook up with borderline women, who tend to idealize and be mesmerized by men from another culture."

Cultural narcissism

.In The Culture of Narcissism[21], Christopher Lasch defines a narcissistic culture as one in which every activity and relationship is defined by the hedonistic need to acquire the symbols of wealth, this becoming the only expression of rigid, yet covert, social hierarchies.^ Thinkers and scholars as diverse as Christopher Lasch in “The Cultural Narcissist” and Theodore Millon in “Personality Disorders of Everyday Life” have singled out the United States as the quintessential narcissistic society .
  • Narcissism and Psychopathy Revisited 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC samvaknin.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Of the heterosexual gender narcissists in my study there was one whose sexuality combined both gender and anal narcissism, who could only have emotionally distant relationships with women in which rough anal sex was the primary mode of sexual expression.
  • Gender Narcissism and its Manifestations 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.narth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ How ironic is it today, then, that there are dozens of competing electronic voices in almost every city, most of which now have only one newspaper.
  • Newspaper Narcissism : CJR 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.cjr.org [Source type: General]

.It is a culture where liberalism only exists insofar as it serves a consumer society, and even art, sex and religion lose their liberating power.^ Modern critiques of Western society as exploitive, imperialistic and even culturally inferior became widespread in the intellectual communities of the United States and Europe.
  • Catholic Culture : Library : Messing with the Mass: The Problem of Priestly Narcissism Today 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.catholicculture.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Page 96 "In a society based so largely on illusions and appearances, the ultime illusions, art and religion, have no future.
  • Quotations from The Culture of Narcissism by Lasch 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Culture never really quite stays the same, but exists in a state of dynamic balance, aligning to information and attitudes only partially resolved and in harmony with each other.
  • Narcissism and Culture 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.sheldondrake.com [Source type: Original source]

.In such a society of constant competition, there can be no allies, and little transparency.^ There's that place in Eden Prairie Center that does henna and eyebrow threading, but it seemed like a long way to drive for such a little thing.

^ There's no such thing as 'human' idols.
  • Coding Horror: Paul Graham's Participatory Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.codinghorror.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Even today there is little value in opposing the threat of a closed society by imitating it’s arbitrary restrictions….there is little value in ensuring the survival of our nation, if our traditions do not survive with it.
  • From free love to narcissism – Crikey 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.crikey.com.au [Source type: General]

.The threats to acquisitions of social symbols are so numerous, varied and frequently incomprehensible, that defensiveness, as well as competitiveness, becomes a way of life.^ I have recently become attracted to,in the most compelling way, a man that I am sure is narcissistic to some degree, as well.

^ The purpose of life becomes the way in which the will is used to give expression and manifestation to these ideals, these values, these meanings.

^ This defense provides a safe way for the infant to experience the world, shielding her from an overwhelming sense of vulnerability, helplessness and dependence that is present during this stage of life.
  • The Impact of Narcissism on Leadership and Sustainability 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC ceres.ca.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Any real sense of community is undermined -- or even destroyed -- to be replaced by virtual equivalents that strive, unsuccessfully, to synthesize a sense of community.^ An uncertain, that is, real and independent world, shows up the equivalence of the self and reality; the self is seen for what it is, and this destroys the mechanism of narcissism.
  • NARCISSISM 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

Destructive narcissism

.Destructive narcissism describes someone who constantly exhibits numerous and intense characteristics usually associated with the pathological narcissist but having fewer characteristics than pathological narcissism.^ "Narcissism, conceptualized as a 'normal' personality variable, is distinct from narcissistic personality disorder described in the DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 1994).
  • Facebook Users With Lots of Friends More Likely To Be Narcissists -- Social Network 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.informationweek.com [Source type: News]

^ Tools N-Partners is a discussion and support group regarding Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) with a special emphasis on those who have had or are in a "love" relationship with someone who has or is suspected of having NPD. However, this group was created to have a liberal format.
  • Geometry.Net - Health_Conditions: Narcissistic Personality Disorder 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ Contains the entire text: essays, frequently asked questions (FAQs) and appendices regarding pathological narcissism and the Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD).
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

[22]

Gender narcissism

Gender narcissism is a relatively new concept, referred to by Dr. Gerald Schoenwolf[23], with reference to both males and females.
.The concept builds on Freud's theories of penis envy and the castration anxiety.^ Studying a case of female homosexuality, Freud (1920) observed that it grew out of the girl's castration complex (penis envy), which in turn led to the formation of a masculinity complex.
  • Gender Narcissism and its Manifestations 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.narth.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Another difference in the routes traveled by boys and girls during the Oedipal phase, according to Freud, was that boys may develop an envy of the womb (corresponding to penis envy).
  • Gender Narcissism and its Manifestations 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.narth.com [Source type: Original source]

.Chiefly that an over-emphasis or over-perception of gender and gender difference in childhood can lead to either a devaluation or an over-valuation of one's gender in later life.^ When our loved ones die - we feel that Nature or God or Life treated us as playthings.  Losing the narcissist is no different to any other major loss in life.
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder Today Chat Transcript 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.mental-health-today.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From a Freudian perspective, then, narcissistic disorders originate in very early childhood development, and this early origin is thought to explain why they are so difficult to treat in later life.
  • Narcissistic personality disorder - Definition, Description, Causes and symptoms, Demographics, Diagnosis, Treatments, Prognosis, Prevention, Resources 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.minddisorders.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Introversion is considered a normal and natural function in childhood, and remains normal and natural even if it dominates later mental life.
  • Narcissism at a Glance 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Narcissism at a Glance - narcissisticabuse | Google Groups 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Dr. Schoenwolf in particular suggests that the emergence of the feminist personality, with gonadal-centric views, and female gender narcissism are synonymous.

Group narcissism

Group narcissism is described in a 1973 book by psychologist Erich Fromm[24].

Malignant narcissism

.Malignant narcissism, a term first coined in a book by Erich Fromm in 1964,[25] is a syndrome consisting of a cross breed of the narcissistic personality disorder, the antisocial personality disorder, as well as paranoid traits.^ Narcissistic PD Narcissistic Personality Disorder: FAQs, resources, books and information.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ But narcissism is a personality disorder, which may be different.

^ Coping with the Psychopath/Narcissist Child Coping with a child diagnosed with a Narcissistic or Antisocial Personality Disorder.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.The malignant narcissist differs from narcissistic personality disorder in that the malignant narcissist derives higher levels of psychological gratification from accomplishments over time (thus worsening the disorder).^ Narcissistic personality disorder .
  • Narcissism At Work Slide presentation by Dattner Consulting regarding narcissism at work. 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC art.ridne.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Narcissistic Personality Disorder Thank you!
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder - Personality Disorders 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.mentalhelp.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Malignant Narcissism is found in people who have Narcissistic Personality Disorder !
  • NARCISSISM, NARCISSISTIC PERSONALITY DISORDER AND ENERGY VAMPIRES 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.sedonapsychicreading.com [Source type: Original source]

.Because the malignant narcissist becomes more involved in this psychological gratification, they are apt to develop the antisocial, the paranoid, and the schizoid personality disorders.^ Narcissistic personality disorder .
  • Narcissism At Work Slide presentation by Dattner Consulting regarding narcissism at work. 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC art.ridne.net [Source type: Academic]

^ In other words, the narcissist becomes paranoid.
  • lifeissues.net | Narcissism and the Dynamics of Evil 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.lifeissues.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Narcissistic personality disorder and the seria...
  • list-of-links About Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC community-2.webtv.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The term malignant is added to the term narcissist to indicate that individuals with this disorder tend to worsen in their impulse controls and desires over time.^ Being a control freak, the narcissist determines the timing of everything: when to have sex, when to talk, when to go on a vacation, etc.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Narcissists can convince a child that they are the most desirable parent and they are also capable of convincing the child (as well as psychologists and judges) that momma does not love them, but only uses and controls them.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ "They tend to have problems with impulse control, so that means they're more likely to, for example, be pathological gamblers [or] commit white-collar crimes."
  • Hey, Under-30s Crowd, Have You Overdosed on Narcissism? | | AlterNet 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

Medical narcissism

Medical narcissism is a term coined by John Banja in his book "Medical Errors and Medical Narcissism".[26][27]
.Banja defines "medical narcissism" as the need of health professionals to preserve their self esteem leading to the compromise of error disclosure to patients.^ Narcissism, defined as excessive self-love, is on the rise, according to authors and renowned psychiatrists Jean Twenge and W. Keith Campbell.
  • Parents Partially to Blame for Narcissism "Epidemic" - ParentDish 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.parentdish.com [Source type: General]

^ Threatened egotism, narcissism, self-esteem, and direct and displaces aggression: Does self-love or self-hate lead to violence?

^ Nothing contained on the Narcissistic Personality Disorder web site is intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment or as a substitute for consultation with a qualified health care professional.

.In the book he explores the psychological, ethical and legal effects of medical errors and the extent to which a need to constantly assert their competence can cause otherwise capable, and even exceptional, professionals to fall into narcissistic traps.^ Nothing contained on the Narcissistic Personality Disorder web site is intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment or as a substitute for consultation with a qualified health care professional.

^ Narcissists cannot tolerate having needs and unwittingly project this intolerance into others.
  • The Artist Within - Dance and Narcissism Study by Joan Lachkar, Ph.D. 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC joanlachkarphd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The narcissist transforms even the most innocuous and pure religious sentiments into a cultish ritual and a virulent hierarchy.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.He claims that: "...most health professionals (in fact, most professionals of any ilk) work on cultivating a self that exudes authority, control, knowledge, competence and respectability.^ Bipolar patients in the manic phase exhibit most of the signs and symptoms of pathological narcissism - hyperactivity, self-centeredness, and control freakery.
  • Narcissism, Narcissistic Pathologies, the Narcissistic Personality Disorder 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.toddlertime.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Counterdependents are contumacious ( reject and despise authority ), fiercely independent, controlling, self-centered, and aggressive .
  • Narcissism and Psychopathy Revisited 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC samvaknin.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The thing that has been most helpful to my psychotherapy work with Narcissistic clients is remaining acutely aware of the fact that their hostility covers up a deep sense of shame.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Narcissistic Personality Disorder 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

It’s the narcissist in us all—we dread appearing stupid or incompetent."

Phallic narcissism

.Wilhelm Reich first identified the phallic narcissistic personality type, with excessively inflated self-image.^ It must accord with the self- image of the narcissist.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Some narcissistic personality types.

^ So the first type of person...is better off.
  • Quotations from The Culture of Narcissism by Lasch 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: Original source]

.The individual is elitist, a "social climber", superior, admiration seeking, self-promoting, bragging and empowered by social success.^ But in seeking constant admiration, the narcissist looks to everyone else to prop up his unrealistic self-image.
  • Understanding Narcissism :: Life Counseling Center 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.lifecounsel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The self-creating individual was ideally suited to the needs of the market, and it is now apparent that the social conservatism of the fifties that was the source of so much oppression also held the market in check.
  • From free love to narcissism – Crikey 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.crikey.com.au [Source type: General]

^ He seeks to overcome them by projecting an image of omnipotence, omniscience, success, self-sufficiency, and superiority.
  • Narcissism and Psychopathy Revisited 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC samvaknin.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

Primordial narcissism

.Psychiatrist Ernst Simmel first defined primordial narcissism in 1944.[28] Simmel's fundamental thesis is that the most primitive stage of libidinal development is not the oral, but the gastro-intestinal one.^ To think theoretically about whether that is possible, we must first modify the assumption that covertly defines nonego experience as "narcissism."
  • A philosophical critique of the concept of narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.focusing.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Unfortunately he was only allowed to take it for two weeks at this stage, and the first night without it he was awake again for most of the night.

^ Melanie Klein considers envy to be the most primitive and fundamental emotion.
  • The Artist Within - Dance and Narcissism Study by Joan Lachkar, Ph.D. 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC joanlachkarphd.com [Source type: Original source]

Mouth and anus are merely to be considered as the terminal parts of this organic zone. .Simmel terms the psychological condition of prenatal existence 'primordial narcissism'. It is the vegetative stage of the pre-ego, identical with the id.^ Differential Psychological Views of Narcissism The use of the term narcissism in relation to psychological phenomena was first made by Ellis in 1898.
  • On Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.studyworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He thought that secondary narcissism developed in what he termed the pre-Oedipal phase of childhood; that is, before the age of three.
  • Narcissistic personality disorder - Definition, Description, Causes and symptoms, Demographics, Diagnosis, Treatments, Prognosis, Prevention, Resources 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.minddisorders.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Narcissism has traditionally been more of a Western psychological condition because individuality is such a strong component of the Western psyche.
  • Crazy Wisdom and New Age Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.energygrid.com [Source type: Original source]

At this stage there is complete instinctual repose, manifested in unconsciousness. .Satiation of the gastro-intestinal zone, the representative of the instinct of self-preservation, can bring back this complete instinctual repose, which, under pathological conditions, can become the aim of the instinct.^ You are not losing your mind, it is just your natural self-preservation instinct because you are feeling so intensely trapped.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ What Freud defined as secondary narcissism is a pathological condition in which the infant does not invest its emotions in its parents but rather redirects them back to itself.
  • Narcissistic personality disorder - Definition, Description, Causes and symptoms, Demographics, Diagnosis, Treatments, Prognosis, Prevention, Resources 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.minddisorders.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Victims of narcs are not massochists by nature, nor do they necessarily lack self esteem or self respect or an instinct for self preservation.
  • Dave Davies Message Board / Narcissism and Rock-Medicine 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.davedavies.com [Source type: Original source]

.Contrary to Lasch, Bernard Stiegler argues in his book, Acting Out, that consumer capitalism is in fact destructive of what he calls primordial narcissism, without which it is not possible to extend love to others.^ All we *can* do is act out of love.
  • http://badladies.blogspot.com/2008/04/crazy-narcissistic-exploitative-zombie.html 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC badladies.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Marcuse did not say, as I say, that what is called "narcissism" (anything other than the imposed order) is much more, and very different from what the term implies.
  • A philosophical critique of the concept of narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.focusing.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In extending beyond narcissistic/borderline relation, I had to show how the grandiose self can invade and infect into other relational love bonds.
  • The Artist Within - Dance and Narcissism Study by Joan Lachkar, Ph.D. 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC joanlachkarphd.com [Source type: Original source]

[29]

Sexual narcissism

.Sexual narcissism has been described as an egocentric pattern of sexual behavior that involves both low self-esteem and an inflated sense of sexual ability and sexual entitlement.^ It's either repressed sexuality, narcissism, or both.
  • Screw Yourself - Television Tropes & Idioms 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC tvtropes.org [Source type: General]

^ Pathological narcissism is wrongly described as too much healthy narcissism (or too much self-esteem).
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The only explanation is low self esteem.
  • Dave Davies Message Board / Narcissism and Rock-Medicine 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.davedavies.com [Source type: Original source]

.In addition, sexual narcissism is the erotic preoccupation with oneself as a superb lover through a desire to merge sexually with a mirror image of oneself.^ The aural register's metaphoric equation of inversion and self-directed desire thus indirectly mirrors the visual register's metonymic meshing of heterosexuality and narcissism.
  • Genders OnLine Journal - Cutting through Narcissism: Queer Visibility in Scorpio Rising 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.genders.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Consequently, through metaphoric substitution, idol worship, narcissism, and homosexual desire collapse into each other.
  • Genders OnLine Journal - Cutting through Narcissism: Queer Visibility in Scorpio Rising 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.genders.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sexual narcissism, coined by David Farley Hurlbert,[30] is an intimacy dysfunction in which sexual exploits are pursued, generally in the form of extramarital affairs, to overcompensate for low self-esteem and an inability to experience true intimacy.^ They generally have a low self-esteem, as well.
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Confusing pathological narcissism with self-esteem betrays a fundamental ignorance of both.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The narcissist is likely to perfect his techniques of courting and regard his sexual exploits as a form of art.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.This behavioral pattern is believed to be more common in men than in women and has been tied to domestic violence in men[31] and sexual coercion in couples.^ Not surprisingly, narcissistic disorders are more common among men than among women.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Like language, it involves more than commonality-patterns.
  • A philosophical critique of the concept of narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.focusing.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Life-process is more intricately ordered than a set of patterns.
  • A philosophical critique of the concept of narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.focusing.org [Source type: Original source]

[32] Hurlbert argues that sex is a natural biological given and therefore cannot be deemed as an addiction. .He and his colleagues assert that any sexual addiction is nothing more than a misnomer for what is actually sexual narcissism or sexual compulsivity.^ I was shocked that he thought it was more than narcissism.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Page 31 "...Sennett reminds us that narcissism has more in common with self-hatred than with self-admiration."
  • Quotations from The Culture of Narcissism by Lasch 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: Original source]

^ As suggested thus far, narcissism is far more complex than the labels we normally give it.
  • Essay by Ethan A. Bayer on Society of Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.swopnet.com [Source type: Original source]

[33] (E.g. Joe Villanueva, Baja Captain)

Spiritual narcissism

.Spiritual narcissism describes mistakes spiritual seekers commit which turn the pursuit of spiritualism into an ego building and confusion creating endeavor.^ Both states do share a lot of the same characteristics; they are just usually described from different perspectives — crazy wisdom from a spiritual perspective and narcissism from a psychological perspective.
  • Crazy Wisdom and New Age Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.energygrid.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Secret turns Desire and Clutching into a technology you can wield, AND its Spiritual!
  • The Secret: The Spirituality of Narcissism | Stuart Davis 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.stuartdavis.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conspiracy and pathological narcissism, however, are not really helpful to the true spiritual seeker because they are so easy to get stuck in; there is so much about their expression that is unconscious.
  • Crazy Wisdom and New Age Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.energygrid.com [Source type: Original source]

[34] .This is based on the idea that ego development is counter to spiritual progress.^ What distinguishes mania, however, is that it can lead to the idea that spiritual progress is a social phenomenon.

^ The psychology of growth, development, and 'self-actualization' presents survival as spiritual progress, resignation as renewal.
  • Quotations from The Culture of Narcissism by Lasch 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: Original source]

Commonly used measures

Narcissistic Personality Inventory

.The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) is the most widely used measure of narcissism in social psychological research.^ The most common diagnostic instrument used for narcissistic NPD is the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI).
  • Narcissistic personality disorder - Definition, Description, Causes and symptoms, Demographics, Diagnosis, Treatments, Prognosis, Prevention, Resources 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.minddisorders.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The NPI is widely used in research as well as diagnostic assessment.
  • Narcissistic personality disorder - Definition, Description, Causes and symptoms, Demographics, Diagnosis, Treatments, Prognosis, Prevention, Resources 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.minddisorders.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A narcissistic personality inventory.
  • Athletic Insight - Narcissism in Football Players: Stereotype or Reality? 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.athleticinsight.com [Source type: Academic]
  • bibliography 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www1.appstate.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Although several versions of the NPI have been proposed in the literature, a forty-item forced-choice version (Raskin & Terry, 1988) is the one most commonly employed in current research.^ Although the activity was optional, and the students had several choices, 72% of the extra credit points I allocated were for volunteer activities.

^ First published by Robert R. Raskin and Calvin S. Hall in 1979, the NPI consists of 223 items consisting of paired statements, one reflecting narcissistic traits and the other nonnarcissistic.
  • Narcissistic personality disorder - Definition, Description, Causes and symptoms, Demographics, Diagnosis, Treatments, Prognosis, Prevention, Resources 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.minddisorders.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The NPI has been around since 1988 (Raskin & Terry, 1988), and appears to be the most widely used measure of sub-clinical narcissism, so lots of studies are available.

.The NPI is based on the DSM-III clinical criteria for narcissistic personality disorder (NPD), although it was designed to measure these features in the general population.^ Narcissistic personality disorder .
  • Narcissism At Work Slide presentation by Dattner Consulting regarding narcissism at work. 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC art.ridne.net [Source type: Academic]

^ A. According to the DSM IV-TR, Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is diagnosed in between 2% and 16% of the population in clinical settings (between 0.5-1% of the general population).
  • Narcissism and Psychopathy Revisited 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC samvaknin.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ PsychForums NPD Support Community PsychForums Narcissistic Personality Disorder support community.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.Thus, the NPI is often said to measure "normal" or "subclinical" (borderline) narcissism (i.e., in people who score very high on the NPI do not necessarily meet criteria for diagnosis with NPD).^ This article is not about NPD. It is about the common, garden variety of narcissism, which is far more prevalent than NPD. In fact, most people suffer from some degree of narcissism.
  • Inner Bonding Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.innerbonding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ N-partners Nonprofit forum offering support to people who are in, or have been in a relationship with a person suffering from NPD (narcissistic personality disorder).
  • Geometry.Net - Health_Conditions: Narcissistic Personality Disorder 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ Open Site Narcissistic Personality Disorder DSM criteria and information regarding the Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) and pathological narcissism.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

The Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory

.The Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI) is a widely used diagnostic test developed by Theodore Millon.^ An elevated narcissistic response, in post-abortion women, nearly 3 times greater than the sample on which the test had been normed, was found on the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI) in a sample of 80 women 3-5 years post-abortion.

^ 'The victim's gullibility, selective blindness, malignant optimism are the weapons of the narcissist', says Vaknin.\" Mirror, Mirror – Joanne Richard, Toronto Sun http://www.canoe.ca/NewsStand/TorontoSun/Lifestyle/2004/08/30/608 650.html \"By far the most authoritative and widely used instrument is the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III) – a potent test for personality disorders and attendant anxiety and depression.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The most common diagnostic instrument used for narcissistic NPD is the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI).
  • Narcissistic personality disorder - Definition, Description, Causes and symptoms, Demographics, Diagnosis, Treatments, Prognosis, Prevention, Resources 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.minddisorders.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The MCMI includes a scale for Narcissism. .Auerbach JS ("Validation of two scales for narcissistic personality disorder", J Pers Assess. 1984 Dec;48(6):649-53. [1]) compared the NPI and MCMI and found them well correlated, r(146) = .55, p<.001. It should be noted that whereas the MCMI measures narcissistic personality disorder (NPD), the NPI measures narcissism as it occurs in the general population.^ PsychForums NPD Support Community PsychForums Narcissistic Personality Disorder support community.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Narcissistic Support Group Support group for the victims of narcissism and the sufferers of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD).
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) and rel more .
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

In other words, the NPI measures "normal" narcissism; i.e., most people who score very high on the NPI do not have NPD. Indeed, the NPI does not capture any sort of narcissism taxon as would be expected if it measured NPD.[35]

Narcissistic parents

.Narcissistic parents demand certain behavior from their children because they see the children as extensions of themselves, and need the children to represent them in the world in ways that meet the parents’ emotional needs.^ Can children of narcissistic parents ever recover?
  • WikiAnswers - Narcissism Questions including "How can you tell if someone is a pathological liar" 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Because no one else can see what they see.
  • Coding Horror: Paul Graham's Participatory Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.codinghorror.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But they are also the calling for certain environmental behaviors.
  • A philosophical critique of the concept of narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.focusing.org [Source type: Original source]

[36]

Narcissism and leadership

.A study published in the journal Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin suggests that when a group is without a leader, you can often count on a narcissist to take charge.^ I created the support group you suggested.

^ "The power of the NPD person to bring you into unconscious agreement with her belief that she is someone truly extraordinary is possibly the most remarkable feature of the narcissist.
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

^ [Click here to download a bibliography of the studies and research regarding the Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) on which I based my proposed revisions.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.Researchers found that people who score high in narcissism tend to take control of leaderless groups.^ Me: I lot of people I went to high school with found God.

^ The fine people who post here have been through it all.\" \"You will never unlearn what you now know about narcissism.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ People Pleasers Resources and support group for people pleasers who fall prey to narcissists.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

[37]

Heritability of narcissism utilizing twin studies

Livesley et al.[38] concluded, in agreement with other studies, that narcissism as measured by a standardized test was a common inherited trait. .Additionally, in similar agreement with those other studies, it was found that there exists a continuum between normal and disordered personality.^ There's a person on the other end of this website.
  • Pissing off the blogosphere… 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC scobleizer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NPD usually appears in tandem with some other Cluster B disorder (such as Antisocial Personality Disorder, Histrionic Personality Disorder or, most often, Borderline Personality Disorder).\" Myths about Narcissism – Sam Vaknin http://samvak.tripod.com/faq72.html \"I believe that there is a continuum between families of mental health disorders.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is commonly diagnosed with other personality disorders, such as the Histrionic, Borderline, Paranoid, and Antisocial Personality Disorders.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

The study subjects were 175 volunteer twin pairs (ninety identical, eighty-five fraternal) drawn from the general population. Each twin completed a questionnaire that assessed eighteen dimensions of personality disorder. The authors estimated the heritability of each dimension of personality by standard methods, thus providing estimates of the relative contributions of genetic and environmental causation.
.Of the eighteen personality dimensions, narcissism was found to have the highest heritability (0.64), indicating that the concordance of this trait in the identical twins was significantly influenced by genetics.^ We must carefully distinguish between the narcissistic traits of adolescents – narcissism is an integral part of their healthy personal development – and the full-fledge disorder.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.Of the other dimensions of personality, only four were found to have heritability coefficients of greater than 0.5: callousness, identity problems, oppositionality and social avoidance.^ If you leave the world different than you found it, this will almost certainly result from your having personally discovered something in nature that you were able to understand and explain to others.
  • * Social Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.arachnoid.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They tend to be self-centered and not deeply concerned about others and may have only three or four of the criteria listed above.
  • Understanding Narcissism :: Life Counseling Center 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.lifecounsel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Recently I disclosed these problems to his brother (these are the only people in his life: me, his brother and his daughter)and they live in other countries.

Stigmatising attitude of narcissists to psychiatric illness

.Arikan found that a stigmatising attitude to psychiatric patients is associated with narcissistic personality traits.^ Perhaps the most immediately evident trait of patients with Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is their vulnerability to criticism and disagreement.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ As opposed to patients with the Borderline Personality Disorder, the self-image of the narcissist is stable, he or she are less impulsive and less self-defeating or self- destructive and less concerned with abandonment issues (not as clinging).
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ To avoid such situations, some patients with Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) socially withdraw and feign false modesty and humility to mask their underlying grandiosity.
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

[39]

Narcissism in evolutionary psychology

.The concept of narcissism is used in evolutionary psychology in relation to the mechanisms of assortative mating, or the non-random choice of a partner for purposes of procreation.^ Differential Psychological Views of Narcissism The use of the term narcissism in relation to psychological phenomena was first made by Ellis in 1898.
  • On Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.studyworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To apply such theoretical concepts as Self Psychology and Object relations to the treatment of the artist.
  • The Artist Within - Dance and Narcissism Study by Joan Lachkar, Ph.D. 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC joanlachkarphd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Psychodynamic Perspective of Narcissism The psychodynamic model of narcissism is dominated by two overlapping schools of thought, the self psychology school and the object relations school.
  • On Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.studyworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Evidence for assortative mating among humans is well established[citation needed]; humans mate assortatively regarding age, IQ, height, weight, nationality, educational and occupational level, physical and personality characteristics, and family relatedness.^ Their obnoxious personality and intolerable behaviours makes them lose friends and spouses, mates and colleagues, jobs and family.
  • Narcissism Book of Quotes 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Children spent their time with age-mates and TV. A second type of person emerged.
  • A philosophical critique of the concept of narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.focusing.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the “self seeking like” hypothesis, individuals unconsciously look for a mirror image of themselves in others, seeking criteria of beauty or reproductive fitness in the context of self-reference.^ They tend to be self-centered and not deeply concerned about others and may have only three or four of the criteria listed above.
  • Understanding Narcissism :: Life Counseling Center 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.lifecounsel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Funny how he behaves like a competent individual with others.
  • Narcissism-Symptoms and Treatment (1) - Mental Health - Families.com 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC mental-health.families.com [Source type: General]

^ Self image is distorted with the narcissistic point of view and the person believes that he is superior to others.
  • Get Your ANGRIES Out 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.angriesout.com [Source type: Original source]

Alvarez et al.[40] found that facial resemblance between couples was a strong driving force among the mechanisms of assortative mating: human couples resemble each other significantly more than would be expected from random pair formation. .Since facial characteristics are known to be inherited, the "self seeking like" mechanism may enhance reproduction between genetically similar mates, favoring the stabilization of genes supporting social behavior, with no kin relationship among them.^ The well-known cult of youth further weakens the social position of those no longer young."
  • Quotations from The Culture of Narcissism by Lasch 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: Original source]

^ If this list of policy failures were the essence of social narcissism, there would be no point to an article like this one.
  • * Social Narcissism 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.arachnoid.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The inability to care that is characteristic of narcissism, the sense that there is no one to turn to for support in time of need, furthers the effort to create a self-absorption that will enable the person to need no one at all.
  • Café Narcissism - Dangler & Worrell - Fast Capitalism 5.1 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC www.uta.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Examples of narcissism in the media

Various books and films have been written on the subject of narcissism. Examples include:
.
  • The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde (who was a self-confessed narcissist).
  • White Oleander.
  • Peter Pan.
  • American Psycho.
  • There Will Be Blood.
  • Laura.
  • House MD.
  • All About Eve.
  • Cruel Intentions
  • Sunset Boulevard and Paradise Lost.
  • In the film To Die For, Nicole Kidman's character wants to appear on television at all costs, even if this involves murdering her husband.^ I write my blog because I write non-fiction crap all day long and I wanted a place to share some stuff about me.
    • http://badladies.blogspot.com/2008/04/crazy-narcissistic-exploitative-zombie.html 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC badladies.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I find your material focused on those who are currently involved with a narcissist.

    ^ If that makes me appear, to some, a crazy, narcissistic, exploitative zombie-pimp who whores her child out for the sake of a few bucks and the self-indulgence of storytelling, then so be it.
    • http://badladies.blogspot.com/2008/04/crazy-narcissistic-exploitative-zombie.html 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC badladies.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

    .A psychiatric assessment of her character noted that she "was seen as a prototypical narcissistic person by the raters: on average, she satisfied 8 of 9 criteria for narcissistic personality disorder...^ The American Psychiatric Association, based in Washington D.C., USA, publishes the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) [2000] where it provides the diagnostic criteria for the Narcissistic Personality Disorder (301.81, p.
    • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is commonly diagnosed with other personality disorders, such as the Histrionic, Borderline, Paranoid, and Antisocial Personality Disorders.
    • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Contains the entire text: essays, frequently asked questions (FAQs) and appendices regarding pathological narcissism and the Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD).
    • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    had she been evaluated for personality disorders, she would receive a diagnosis of narcissistic personality disorder."[41]
  • The pro wrestler, Lex Luger, at one time had a gimmick known as The Narcissist Lex Luger in the World Wrestling Federation in 1993.
  • Street Fighter video game series includes a Character named Vega who is narcissist.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Freud, Sigmund, On Narcissism: An Introduction, 1914
  2. ^ Morrison, Andrew P. Shame: The Underside of Narcissism, The Analytic Press, 1997. ISBN 0-88163-280-5
  3. ^ a b c Millon, Theodore, Personality Disorders in Modern Life, 2004
  4. ^ Moore & Fine (1990). Psychoanalytic Terms & Concept. The American Psychoanalytic Association: New York.
  5. ^ Psywilly.be, psychoanalyticus Willy Depecker
  6. ^ Morf, Caroline C. and Rhodewalt, Frederick. (2001). Unraveling the Paradoxes of Narcissism: A Dynamic Self-Regulatory Processing Model. Psychological Inquiry, Vol. 12, No. 4, 177-196.
  7. ^ Sedikides, C., Rudich, E.A., Gregg, A.P., Kumashiro, Ml, & Rusbult, C. (2004). Are Normal Narcissists Psychologically Healthy?: self-esteem matters. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87, 400-416.
  8. ^ Campbell, W.K., & Foster, J.D. The Narcissistic Self: Background and extended agency model and ongoing controversies. Sedikides and Spencer. The Self, Psychology Press, 2007. ISBN 978-1-84169-439-9
  9. ^ a b c Campbell, K.W. & Foster J.D. (2007). The Narcissistic Self: Background, an Extended Agency Model, and Ongoing Controversies. To appear in: C. Sedikides & S. Spencer (Eds.), Frontiers in social psychology: The self. Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.
  10. ^ a b Campbell, W. K., Rudich, E., & Sedikides, C. (2002). Narcissism, selfesteem, and the positivity of selfviews: Two portraits of selflove. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 358368.
  11. ^ a b Gabriel, M. T., Critelli, J. W., & Ee, J. S. (1994). Narcissistic illusions in self-evaluations of intelligence and attractiveness. Journal of Personality , 62, 143155.
  12. ^ Emmons, R. A. (1984). Factor analysis and construct validity of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory. Journal of Personality Assessment, 48, 291300.
  13. ^ Campbell, W. K., Bush, C. P., Brunell, A. B., & Shelton, J. (in press). Understanding the social costs of narcissism: The case of tragedy of the commons. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.
  14. ^ Rose, P. & Campbell, W. K. (in press). Greatness feels good: A telic model of narcissism and subjective wellbeing. Advances in Psychology Research. Serge P. Shohov (Ed.) Hauppauge, NY: Nova Publishers.
  15. ^ Campbell, W.K., Reeder G.D., Sedikides, C. & Elliot, A.J. (2000). Narcissism and Comparative Self-Enhancement Strategies. Journal of Research in Personality 34, 329–347.
  16. ^ Hotchkiss, Sandy & Masterson, James F. Why Is It Always About You? : The Seven Deadly Sins of Narcissism (2003)
  17. ^ Masterson, James F. The Emerging Self: A Developmental Self & Object Relations Approach to the Treatment of the Closet Narcissistic Disorder of the Self, 1993
  18. ^ Downs, Alan: Beyond The Looking Glass: Overcoming the Seductive Culture of Corporate Narcissism, 1997
  19. ^ Hill, Victor (2005) Corporate Narcissism in Accounting Firms Australia, Pengus Books Australia
  20. ^ Lachkar, Joan: How to Talk to a Narcissist, 2008
  21. ^ Lasch, C, The Culture of Narcissism. 1979
  22. ^ Brown, Nina W., The Destructive Narcissistic Pattern, 1998
  23. ^ Schoenwolf, Gerald, PH.D Gender Narcissism and its Manifestations
  24. ^ Fromm, Erich, The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness, 1973
  25. ^ Fromm, Erich, The Heart of Man, 1964
  26. ^ Banja, John, Medical Errors and Medical Narcissism, 2005
  27. ^ Banja, John, (as observed by Eric Rangus) John Banja: Interview with the clinical ethicist
  28. ^ Simmel, Ernst, Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 1944, Vol. XIII, No. 2, pp. 160–185.
  29. ^ Bernard Stiegler, Acting Out (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2009).
  30. ^ Hurlbert, D.F. & Apt, C., (1991). Sexual narcissism and the abusive male, Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 17, 279-292.
  31. ^ Hurlbert, D.F., Apt, C., Gasar, S., Wilson, N.E., & Murphy, Y. (1994). Sexual narcissism: a validation study, Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 20, 24-34.
  32. ^ Ryan, K.M., Weikel, K., & Sprechini, G., (2008). Gender differences in narcissism and courtship violence in dating couples, Sex Roles. 58, 802-813.
  33. ^ Apt, C. & Hurlbert, D. F. (1995) “Sexual Narcissism: Addiction or Anachronism?” The Family Journal, 3, 103-107.
  34. ^ http://www.integralworld.net/larsson.html
  35. ^ Foster, J.D., & Campbell, W.K., Are there such things as "narcissists" in social psychology? A taxometric analysis of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory. Personality and Individual Differences, in press.
  36. ^ Rappoport, Alan, Ph. D.Co-Narcissism: How We Adapt to Narcissistic Parents. The Therapist, in press.
  37. ^ Narcissistic People Most Likely to Emerge as Leaders Newswise, Retrieved on October 7, 2008.
  38. ^ Livesley, W.J., Jang, K.L., Jackson, D.N. and P.A. Vernon (1993). "Genetic and environmental contributions to dimensions of personality disorder". American Journal of Psychiatry 150, 1826-1831. Abstract online. Accessed June 18, 2006.
  39. ^ Arikan, K. "A stigmatizating attitude towards psychiatric illnesses is associated with narcissistic personality traits" Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci Vol 42 No. 4 (2005) 248–250 Article online.
  40. ^ Alvarez, L. (2005). “Narcissism guides mate selection: Humans mate assortatively, as revealed by facial resemblance, following an algorithm of ‘self seeking like’”. Evolutionary Psychology 2, 177-194. See online. Accessed July 21, 2006.
  41. ^ Hesse, Morten; Schliewe S, Thomsen RR (2005). "Rating of personality disorder features in popular movie characters". BMC Psychiatry (London: BioMed Central) 5 (45): 45. doi:10.1186/1471-244X-5-45. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/5/45. 

Books on narcissism

  • Brown, Nina W. Children of the Self-Absorbed: A Grown-up's Guide to Getting over Narcissistic Parents (2008)
  • Brown, Nina W. The Destructive Narcissistic Pattern (1998)
  • Golomb, Elan Trapped in the Mirror - Adult Children of Narcissists in their Struggle for Self (1995)
  • Hotchkiss, Sandy & Masterson, James F. Why Is It Always About You? : The Seven Deadly Sins of Narcissism (2003)
  • Lowen, Alexander Narcissism: Denial of the True Self (1984)
  • McFarlin, Dean Where Egos Dare: The Untold Truth About Narcissistic Leaders - And How to Survive Them (2002)
  • Morrison, Andrew P. Essential Papers on Narcissism (Essential Papers in Psychoanalysis) (1986)
  • Morrison, Andrew P. Shame: The Underside of Narcissism (1997)
  • Payson, Eleanor The Wizard of Oz and Other Narcissists: Coping with the One-Way Relationship in Work, Love, and Family (2002)
  • Ronningstam, Elsa F. Identifying and Understanding the Narcissistic Personality (2005)
  • Twenge, Jean M. & Campbell, W. Keith The Narcissism Epidemic: Living in the Age of Entitlement (2009)
  • Vaknin, Sam & Rangelovska, Lidija Malignant Self Love: Narcissism Revisited (1999)

External links


Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

.Narcissism (from a psychological perspective) is typically evidenced as self-involved attitudes and behaviour where there is little or no empathy for others.^ There is no empathy.

^ Realize that staff meetings and other training times may be simply a complete waste of time as there is no understanding of what others want or need.
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

^ "Compassion" is gleefully revealing the truth that we delight in the psychological afflictions and resulting pain of others, and there's no doubt that when we let this compassion shine forth, it acts to heal the afflicted.
  • One Cʘsmos: Clinton, Shame and Narcissism: Destroying the Eyes of the World 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC onecosmos.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.Narcissistic injury occurs when the ego receives less than its desired need for attention, power, and reward, often leading to a hostile disposition towards others who are blamed for the perceived slights.^ Anything other than the ego is narcissism.
  • A philosophical critique of the concept of narcissism 20 November 2009 9:54 UTC www.focusing.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The interpersonal relationships of patients with Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) are typically impaired due to their lack of empathy, disregard for others, exploitativeness, sense of entitlement, and constant need for attention (Narcissistic Supply).
  • Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ "You will remember that the narcissist's need for attention, power, etc., are primary avenues of experiencing himself as a self.
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Narcissism in the Pulpit 11 October 2009 10:43 UTC www.power2serve.net [Source type: Original source]

Narcissistic patterns are commonly understood to evolve as unresolved childhood experiences. .Thus, understanding and treatment of narcissism draws significantly on psychodynamics.^ So we need to understand that the artist does require special kind of treatment, and therapists must be very careful not to kill the artists narcissism.
  • The Artist Within - Dance and Narcissism Study by Joan Lachkar, Ph.D. 13 January 2010 8:50 UTC joanlachkarphd.com [Source type: Original source]

Wikipedia-logo.png Run a search on Narcissism at Wikipedia.

Readings

Wikipedia

External links


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 07, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Narcissism, which are similar to those in the above article.








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