Narrandera, New South Wales: Wikis

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Narrandera
New South Wales
NarranderaPostOffice2.JPG
Narrandera Post Office
Narrandera is located in New South Wales
Narrandera
Population: 3,961 (2006 Census)[1]
Postcode: 2700
Elevation: 173.0 m (568 ft)
Location:
LGA: Narrandera Shire Council
County: Cooper
State District: Murrumbidgee
Federal Division: Riverina
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
23.3 °C
74 °F
9.9 °C
50 °F
471.5 mm
18.6 in

Narrandera (pronounced /nəˈrændərə/)[2] is a town in southern New South Wales, Australia. It is an important destination for travellers as it lies on the junction of the Newell and Sturt Highways and it is the gateway to the productive Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area. At the 2006 census, Narrandera had a population of 3,961 people.[1] Its strong history is reflected by the various historic attractions present in the town.

Contents

History

Main street

Narrandera is a River Town with a rich heritage. Captain Charles Sturt, the famous explorer, is credited with being the first white man to observe the area that later was to become known as Narrandera. However Sturt, who passed through the district on 12 December 1829, was not the first explorer to cast eyes on the Murrumbidgee River. The upper Murrumbidgee, the "Big Water", was first discovered in April 1821, by Charles Throsby. The name Narrandera is probably derived from Wiradjuri nharrang, meaning "frill-necked lizard".[3]

The Narrungderra were the local indigenous people. They were all but destroyed by settlement, disease brought by European settlers, and clashes with the settlers. The last major battle between the indigenous people and European settlers took place near Massacre Island, and is said to have left only one survivor.[4 ]

Narrandera had its first recorded mention as a pastoral station or "run" (Narrandera Run) in 1848, at which time the property held by Mr Edward Flood comprised approximately 76,800 acres (31,080 ha).

The township developed in the early 1860s. Gillinbah Post Office opened nearby on 1 March 1859 and was replaced by the Narrandera office in 1861. A Gillenbah office was open from 1881 to 1892 and from 1906 to 1941.[5]

The Borough of Narrandera was constituted by proclamation dated 17 March 1885, and gazetted the following day. The centenary of Local Government in Narrandera was celebrated in 1985.

Narrandera today

The town of Narrandera is located on the Murrumbidgee River, at the intersection of the Newell Highway and the Sturt Highway at the centre of a diversely productive agricultural region. Its attractive tree-lined streets contrast with the open plains that surround it. The central Narrandera Memorial Gardens include an unusual ceramic fountain made by Royal Doulton and erected as a memorial to World War 1 in 1922.

Narrandera now marks the transition between an extensive dry-land area devoted to cereal crops and sheep and wool production to the east, and, to the west, the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area (MIA) fed by water from the Burrinjuck Dam. The MIA is a region where irrigation has opened the way to a diversity of enterprise, from the growing of rice and other cereals under irrigation to the production of citrus, wine grapes and potatoes.

The town also has number of historic attractions, such as the aforementioned Royal Doulton Fountain, located in the Memorial Gardens; a fig tree on the corner of King and Cadell Streets, which is thought to be 150 years old; and the Mon Repos, a residence built in a Queen Anne-style, which was built in the 1890s.[6]

Narrandera's immediate surrounds feature a number of waterways as well as the aforementioned Murrumbidgee River.

The Irrigation Canal, which carries water to the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area to Narrandera's west, flows through the town. It originates 34 kilometres (21 mi) west at Berembed Weir where water is diverted from the Murrumbidgee River. The canal follows the natural bed of Bundidgerry Creek and in places spreads wide and has no levee banks. Lake Talbot was formed in 1924 when the bank of the Irrigation Canal gave way, flooding the river flat between the canal and Bundidgerry Hill. The shallow body of water was allowed to remain and became an important recreational feature of the town. The eastern end of the lake is commonly used by water skiiers while the western end forms a wetland habitat for native fauna. A wetland has been created off Lizard Drive,and only 300 metres (980 ft) from the Murrumbidgee River. The Narrandera Wetland is a collection point for storm water run-off from the town.

Climate

Source: Averages for Narrandera Golf Club, 1969 - 2007, Bureau of Meteorology
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Temperatures (°C)
Mean daily maximum 32.4 32.0 28.4 23.5 18.7 14.9 14.1 16.0 19.1 23.0 27.2 30.5 23.3
Highest recorded maximum 47.0
(24th 1982)
44.9
(14th 2004)
41.6
(7th 1983)
37.0
(4th 1986)
29.2
(2nd 1978)
23.7
(9th 1995)
25.3
(29th 1975)
28.6
(30th 2007)
34.7
(30th 1980)
36.5
(30th 1990)
44.0
(18th 1980)
43.0
(31st 2005)
Lowest recorded maximum 16.7
(2nd 1970)
13.0
(3rd 2005)
15.5
(14th 1989)
12.4
(27th 1982)
9.4
(24th 1974)
7.2
(26th 1969)
6.0
(3rd 1984)
8.3
(18th 1996)
10.4
(13th 1990)
11.5
(11th 1975)
9.4
(7th 1971)
17.5
(27th 1993)
Mean daily minimum 17.0 17.3 14.1 10.0 6.8 4.2 3.1 4.1 6.1 9.0 12.3 15.1 9.9
Highest recorded minimum 30.0
(25th 1973)
29.0
(21st 1980)
27.8
(8th 1982)
20.9
(3rd 2005)
17.8
(28th 1982)
14.0
(9th 1995)
13.0
(31st 1975)
15.3
(31st 2005)
24.5
(30th 1980)
23.0
(21st 1991)
29.3
(18th 1980)
29.6
(21st 1994)
Lowest recorded minimum 6.3
(13th 1975)
6.0
(27th 1985)
3.0
(29th 2001)
-0.2
(22nd 2006)
−2.6
(30th 2006)
−4.4
(26th 1971)
−6.1
(1st 1971)
−4.0
(3rd 1997)
−3.0
(7th 1995)
0.0
(3rd 1989)
2.3
(3rd 2003)
4.4
(27th 1971)
Precipitation (millimetres)
Mean total rainfall 36.8 37.4 28.9 40.0 42.2 39.0 41.6 44.5 41.4 46.8 36.6 36.9 471.5
Highest recorded total 152.9
(1984)
139.3
(2002)
157.5
(1989)
206.4
(1974)
173.0
(1978)
121.5
(1991)
91.4
(1993)
95.7
(1970)
124.2
(1970)
137.4
(1974)
197.2
(1971)
153.1
(1992)
858.4
(1974)
Lowest recorded total 1.8
(1987)
0.0
(1991)
0.0
(2004)
0.0
(1993)
1.5
(2006)
1.4
(1992)
1.5
(1982)
2.0
(1977)
5.9
(2007)
0.0
(2006)
0.0
(1982)
0.0
(1979)
189.9
(2006)
Highest daily rainfall 76.8
(11th 1974)
66.5
(6th 1971)
62.8
(15th 1989)
62.8
(28th 1992)
76.0
(30th 1978)
33.6
(7th 1991)
42.2
(1st 1999)
56.6
(26th 1983)
33.3
(22nd 1970)
53.0
(17th 1974)
53.3
(14th 1971)
76.8
(11th 1974)
Notes: Temperatures are in degrees Celsius. Precipitation is in millimetres. Narrandera Golf Club Latitude: -34.73°S Longitude: 148.56°E Elevation: 173 m ASL

Transport

Narrandera's railway station is serviced by the weekly Sydney to Griffith Countrylink XPlorer. It stops on the way to Griffith at 2:33pm on Saturdays and stops on the way back to Sydney at 8:45am on Sundays.

Notable citizens

Notable citizens originating from Narrandera include Her Excellency the Governor of NSW, Professor Marie Bashir; Australian Rules footballer, Tim Ruffles, who plays for the Fremantle Football Club; Prima ballerina Kathleen Gorham; and Fr Patrick Hartigan (poet and author who used the pen name, "John O'Brien"): the bush ethos celebrated by Hartigan in his writings is commemorated in the annual John O'Brien Bush Festival held in the town.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Narrandera (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/LocationSearch?collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=UCL159400&producttype=QuickStats&breadcrumb=PL&action=401. Retrieved 7 November 2009.  
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ McNicol, Sally; Hosking, Dianne (1994). "Wiradjuri". Macquarie Aboriginal Words. Sydney: Macquarie Library. pp. 98.  
  4. ^ "History of Narrandera". Narrandera Shire Council. 2005. http://www.narrandera.nsw.gov.au/about/1012/1033.html. Retrieved 2007-01-30.  
  5. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, https://www.premierpostal.com/cgi-bin/wsProd.sh/Viewpocdwrapper.p?SortBy=NSW&country=, retrieved 2009-06-11  
  6. ^ "History of Narrandera". Narrandera Shire Council. http://www.narrandera.nsw.gov.au/about/1012/1033.html. Retrieved 2008-03-24.  

Coordinates: 34°45′S 146°33′E / 34.75°S 146.55°E / -34.75; 146.55

External links

Preceding station   NSW Branch lines   Following station
towards Hay
Hay Line
towards Junee
Preceding station   NSW Closed lines   Following station
towards Tocumwal
Tocumwal Line Terminus
Preceding station   CountryLink   Following station
towards Griffith
CountryLink Southern
Griffith Xplorer
towards Sydney

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