Nassau County, New York: Wikis

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There is also a Town of Nassau in Rensselaer County.
Nassau County, New York
Seal of Nassau County, New York
Map of New York highlighting Nassau County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Seat Mineola
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

453 sq mi (1,173 km²)
287 sq mi (743 km²)
166 sq mi (430 km²), 36.72%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

1,334,544
4,652/sq mi (1,796/km²)
Founded 1900
Website www.nassaucountyny.gov
The elegant, ivy-framed arched windows of the Belmont Park grandstand in this 1999 photo. The current grandstand, Thoroughbred racing's largest, was completed in 1968 after five years of renovations to the Belmont complex.

Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 1,334,544. The name of the county comes from an old name for Long Island, which was at one time named Nassau, after Dutch William of Nassau, Prince of Orange (who later also ruled as King William III of England.) The county colors, orange and blue, are also the colors of the House of Orange. Nassau's county seat is located in the Village of Garden City; however, it is served by the Mineola Post Office, ZIP Code 11501.[1]

Nassau and Suffolk counties together are generally referred to as "Long Island" by area residents — as distinct from the New York City boroughs of Queens (Queens County) and Brooklyn (Kings County), which physically make up the island's westernmost end.

In 2005, Forbes magazine named Nassau County, along with Suffolk County, New York, as the safest region in the United States, with the lowest crime rate.[2]

As of 2008, Nassau County is the second richest county per capita in the State of New York and the 10th richest in the nation, with a median household income of $85,994.[3]

Contents

History

Nassau County was originally the eastern 70% of Queens County, when New York was divided into 12 counties in 1683. The area was originally contained in two towns: Hempstead and Oyster Bay. In 1784, following the American Revolutionary War, the town of Hempstead was split into two, when Patriots in the northern part formed the new town of North Hempstead, leaving Loyalist majorities in the town of Hempstead. Following the 1898 formation of the City of Greater New York, the part of Queens County that was not annexed to New York City, consisting of the two towns of North Hempstead and Oyster Bay and most of the town of Hempstead (excluded was the Rockaway Peninsula, which did join Greater New York), was constituted as the new Nassau County, but not until 1899, one year later. Several other names had been considered, including Matinecock (a village within the county currently has that name), Norfolk (presumably because of the proximity to Suffolk County), Bryant, and Sagamore. However, Nassau had the historical advantage of having at one time been the name of Long Island itself, and was the name most mentioned when the new county was proposed as early as 1876.

In 1917,[4] the village of Glen Cove was granted a city charter, making it independent from the town of Oyster Bay. In 1918, the village of Long Beach was incorporated in the town of Hempstead. In 1922, it became a city, making it independent of the town. These are the only two cities in Nassau County.

The United Nations Security Council was temporarily located in Nassau County from 1946 to 1951. Council meetings were held at the Sperry Gyroscope headquarters in the village of Lake Success near the border with Queens County. It was here on June 27, 1950 that the Security Council voted to back U.S. President Harry S Truman and send a coalition of forces to the Korean Peninsula, leading to the Korean War.

During the latter part of the 20th Century, Nassau County saw an influx of migrants from the five boroughs of New York City, especially Brooklyn and Queens, who left their urban dwellings for a more suburban setting. This led to a massive boom in population in the county, especially on the south shore. In 1947, William Levitt built his first planned community in Nassau County, in the Island Trees section (later renamed Levittown). (This should not be confused with the county's first planned community, in general, which is Garden City). In later decades, communities such as Wantagh, East Meadow, Massapequa, Massapequa Park, and Franklin Square began to grow.

In 1994, Federal Judge Arthur Spatt declared the Nassau County Board of Supervisors unconstitutional and directed that a 19-member legislature be formed.[5] Elections were held and Republicans won 13 seats and elected Bruce Blakeman as its first Presiding Officer (Speaker).[6] Among the first class were current legislators Peter J. Schmitt, Judith Jacobs, John Ciotti, Dennis Dunne Sr., Francis X. Becker, Vincent T. Muscarella and Current County Executive, Ed Mangano.

In the 1990s, Nassau County saw huge budget problems, forcing the county to near bankruptcy. The county government increased taxes to prevent a takeover by the state of New York. This has led to the county having notoriously high property taxes, leaving some migrants from New York City who are seeking suburban life to move to Suffolk County, the Hudson Valley, New Jersey, Connecticut or Pennsylvania.

The economy has been booming and according to the United States Census Bureau, residents of Nassau County have among the highest per capita wealth in the country. Nassau County has also experienced heavy urbanization in many areas, such as Hempstead, Freeport, Mineola, and Westbury, leading some to say that some parts of the county resemble the outer boroughs of New York City rather than a suburb of it, though the Five Towns region tends to be more affluent than western Queens. The northern "Gold Coast" region tends to more closely resemble nearby Westchester County.

Law and government

The head of the County Governmental structure is the County Executive, a post created in Nassau County in 1938. The current county executive is Ed Mangano, a Republican who was elected in an upset victory over the prior County Executive Thomas R. Suozzi in 2009. The District Attorney is Democrat Kathleen Rice, who in November, 2005 defeated 30-year incumbent Republican Denis Dillon in an upset victory. The county comptroller is George Maragos, a Republican, the county clerk is Republican Maureen O'Connell, and the county assessor is an appointed position who serves at the pleasure of the County Executive.

Nassau County Executives
Name Party Term
J. Russell Sprague Republican 1938–1953
A. Holly Patterson Republican 1953–1962
Eugene Nickerson Democrat 1962–1970
Ralph G. Caso Republican 1970–1978
Francis T. Purcell Republican 1978–1987
Thomas Gulotta Republican 1987–2001
Thomas Suozzi Democrat 2002–2009
Ed Mangano Republican 2010-present

The county legislature has 19 members. There are eleven Republicans, eight Democrats.

Nassau County Legislature
District Legislator Party
1 Kevan Abrahams Democrat
2 Robert Troiano Democrat
3 John Ciotti Republican
4 Denise Ford Republican
5 Joseph Scannell Democrat
6 Francis X. Becker, Jr. Republican
7 Howard Kopel Republican
8 Vincent Muscarella Republican
9 Richard Nicolello Republican
10 Judi Bosworth Democrat
11 Wayne H. Wink, Jr. Democrat
12 Peter J. Schmitt, presiding officer Republican
13 Norma L. Gonsalves Republican
14 Joseph V. Belesi Republican
15 Dennis Dunne, Sr. Republican
16 Judith Jacobs Democrat
17 Rose Marie Walker Republican
18 Diane Yatauro, minority leader Democrat
19 David Denenberg Democrat

Law enforcement

County police services are provided by the Nassau County Police Department. The cities of Glen Cove and Long Beach, as well as a number of villages are not members of the county police district and maintain their own police forces. The following village police departments exist in Nassau County: Centre Island, Floral Park, Freeport, Garden City, Great Neck Estates, Hempstead, Kensington, Kings Point, Lake Success, Lynbrook, Malverne, Old Brookville,[7] Old Westbury, Oyster Bay Cove, Rockville Centre and Sands Point. The Port Washington Police Department is not a village department but is authorized by a special district, the only such district in New York State[citation needed]. These smaller forces, however, make use of such specialized county police services as the police academy and the aviation unit. Also, all homicides in the county are investigated by the county police, regardless of whether or not they occur within the police district.

In 2006, Village leaders in the county seat of Mineola expressed dissatisfaction with the level of police coverage provided by the county force and actively explored seceding from the police district and having the village form its own police force. A referendum on December 5, 2006, however, decisively defeated the proposal.[8]

Since the Long Island State Parkway Police was disbanded in 1980, all of Nassau County's state parkways have been patrolled by Troop L of the New York State Police. State parks in Nassau are patrolled by the New York State Park Police. In 1996, the Long Island Rail Road Police Department was consolidated into the Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police. The MTA Police patrol Long Island Rail Road tracks, stations and properties. The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Police provides enforcement of state environmental laws and regulations. The State University of New York Police provides enforcement for SUNY Old Westbury.

The Nassau County Police Department posts the mug shots of DWI offenders as press releases on their website. This practice has come under the scrutiny of residents, media, and those pictured in these press releases. This practice has been criticized as being able to cause potential employees, students, or public figures their positions.[9]

County correctional services and enforcement of court orders are provided by the Nassau County Sheriff's Department. New York State Court Officers provide security for courthouses.

Politics

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democrat
2008 45.9% 293,758 53.4% 337,067
2004 46.6% 288,355 52.2% 323,070
2000 38.5% 226,954 57.9% 341,610
1996 36.1% 196,820 55.7% 303,587
1992 40.5% 246,881 46.4% 282,593
1988 57.0% 337,430 42.2% 250,130
1984 61.8% 392,017 38.0% 240,697
1980 56.0% 333,567 34.8% 207,602
1976 53.7% 329,176 47.6% 302,869
1972 63.3% 438,723 36.5% 252,831
1968 51.3% 329,792 43.3% 278,599
1964 39.4% 248,886 60.5% 382,590
1960 55.1% 324,255 44.8% 263,303

Like neighboring Suffolk County, Nassau County residents primarily supported the Republican Party in national elections until the 1990s. That decade, it began to shift toward the Democratic Party. Democrat Bill Clinton carried the county in the presidential elections of 1992 and 1996. Later Nassau voters gave a large margin of victory to Al Gore in 2000 (19.4%), but John Kerry's winning margin in 2004 was considerably slimmer (5.6%). In that election, Kerry won the towns of Hempstead and North Hempstead, but lost the town of Oyster Bay.

Democratic strength is chiefly concentrated in the central, certain southern areas, and northern part of the county. This includes the south eastern Village of Freeport which is roughly sixty-eight percent Democrat, central areas near the Village of Hempstead and Uniondale, where there are large middle-class populations as well as the affluent northern half of the county. This includes Great Neck, Glen Cove and Roslyn. There are also pockets of staunch Democrats in the equally affluent Five Towns area in the southwest part of the county and in Long Beach.

Republican voters are chiefly concentrated in the more suburban areas of the county. The middle class southeastern portion of the county is heavily Republican, and communities such as Massapequa, Seaford, Wantagh, Levittown,Bethpage, and Farmingdale are the political base of Congressman Peter T. King. In the western portion of the county, wealthy Garden City is solidly Republican, as is the more middle-class community of Floral Park.

Areas of the county containing large numbers of swing voters are in East Meadow, Mineola, Oceanside and Rockville Centre.

Long Island's only Republican member of Congress, Representative Peter T. King, is from Nassau County. His 3rd District includes heavily populated suburban neighborhoods like Long Beach, Massapequa, Levittown, Hicksville, Seaford, Wantagh, and Farmingdale. But Nassau County is also home to the popular gun-control advocate, Democrat Carolyn McCarthy, whose 4th District includes Garden City, Carle Place, Hempstead, Uniondale, East Meadow, Valley Stream, Franklin Square, West Hempstead and portions of the Village of Freeport and Rockville Centre. McCarthy defeated Republican congressman Dan Frisa in 1996 and has held the seat since.

Nassau County's other two congressmen are both Democrats. Representative Gary Ackerman, represents the 5th District, which includes the northwestern part of the county, including Great Neck, Sands Point, and Port Washington, and stretches into northeastern Queens. Steve Israel's 2nd District is mainly in Suffolk County, but also includes parts of Plainview, Old Bethpage, Jericho, Syosset, and Woodbury in Nassau County.

All of Nassau County's state senators were Republicans until February 2007 when Nassau County Legislator Craig Johnson was elected to the State Senate in a special election in the 7th district. The Democrats added another seat during the 2008 election, so the Republicans now have a 7-2 advantage in the State Senate on Long Island. The districts are drawn so as not to overlap Queens, which supports the Democratic Party more strongly.

Geography

Nassau County occupies a portion of Long Island immediately east of the New York City borough of Queens. It is divided into two cities and three towns, the latter of which contain numerous villages and hamlets.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 453 square miles (1,173 km²), of which, 287 square miles (743 km²) of it is land and 166 square miles (431 km²) of it (36.72%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 55,448
1910 83,930 51.4%
1920 126,120 50.3%
1930 303,053 140.3%
1940 406,748 34.2%
1950 672,765 65.4%
1960 1,300,171 93.3%
1970 1,428,080 9.8%
1980 1,321,582 −7.5%
1990 1,287,348 −2.6%
2000 1,334,544 3.7%
Est. 2008 1,351,625 census.gov 1.3%

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 1,334,544 people, 447,387 households, and 347,172 families residing in the county. The population density was 4,655 people per square mile (1,797/km²). There were 458,151 housing units at an average density of 1,598 per square mile (617/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.30% White (73.95% White Non-Hispanic), 10.01% African American, 0.16% Native American, 4.73% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.57% from other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.09% of the population.

About 15.5% of the population of Nassau County is Jewish by religion[11], (as compared to 2.0% of the total U.S. population). Italian Americans make up a large portion of Nassau. The large Sikh population in Nassau County has built numerous Sikh Gurdwaras or temples; the two main ones are in Plainview and Glen Cove. The top 5 ancestries are 23% Italian, 14% Irish, 7% German, 5% American and 4% Polish. According to the Census Bureau, the population of the county has slightly decreased to 1,351,625 people in 2008, although it had increased to 1,356,867 in 2004.[12] The county population was at its greatest for the 1970 Census.

There were 447,387 households, out of which 35.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.10% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.40% were non-families. 18.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $72,030, and the median income for a family was $81,246 (these figures had risen to $87,658 and $101,661 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[13]). Males had a median income of $52,340 versus $37,446 for females. The per capita income for the county was $32,151. About 3.50% of families and 5.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.80% of those under age 18 and 5.60% of those age 65 or over.

Colleges and universities

Nassau County is home to numerous colleges and universities, including Adelphi University, Molloy College, Briarcliffe College, New York Institute of Technology, SUNY Old Westbury, Nassau Community College, Hofstra University, C.W. Post Campus of Long Island University, United States Merchant Marine Academy, and Webb Institute.

Sports

Nassau County is home to the New York Islanders of the National Hockey League, who play at the Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale.

It is also the home of F.C. New York of the United Soccer Leagues, the Long Island Ducks of the Atlantic League of Professional Baseball, and the Long Island Lizards of Major League Lacrosse.

County symbols

See also

References

  1. ^ Nassau County Atlas, 6th Large Scale Edition, Hagstrom Map Company, Inc., 1999
  2. ^ http://www.nassaucountyny.gov/agencies/DA/NewsReleases/Archive/2005/05-27-05.html
  3. ^ "Complete List: America's Richest Counties", Forbes.com, February 2, 2008
  4. ^ Antonia Petrash, Carol Stern, and Carol McCrossen. "HISTORY OF GLEN COVE". http://www.nassaulibrary.org/glencove/History%20of%20Glen%20Cove.html. 
  5. ^ McQuiston, John T. "Judge Says He Will Create a Nassau Legislature on His Own if Supervisors Fail to Act", The New York Times, June 9, 1994. Accessed December 11, 2007.
  6. ^ McQuiston, John T. "Amid Pomp, Nassau County Inaugurates Its Legislature", The New York Times, January 13, 1996.
  7. ^ The Old Brookville P.D. provides police protection for Old Brookville, Brookville, Upper Brookville, Matinecock, Mill Neck, Cove Neck and Muttontown.
  8. ^ Residents Make Statement Against Village Police Department, Mineola American, December 15, 2006
  9. ^ Nassau County Should be Ashamed, The Statesman, October 20, 2008
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Jews#Notable_American_Jews
  12. ^ "US Census Bureau population estimate by county". 2009. http://www.census.gov/popest/counties/files/CO-EST2008-POPCHG2000_2008-36.csv. Retrieved 2010-02-23. 
  13. ^ Nassau County, New York

External links

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Coordinates: 40°44′N 73°35′W / 40.73°N 73.59°W / 40.73; -73.59


Genealogy

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There is also a Town of Nassau in Rensselaer County.
Nassau County, New York
Seal of Nassau County, New York
Map
Map of New York highlighting Nassau County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the USA highlighting New York
New York's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1899
Seat Mineola
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 36.72%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

1334544
Website: www.nassaucountyny.gov

Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 1,334,544. The name of the county comes from an old name for Long Island, which was at one time named Nassau, after William of Nassau, Prince of Orange (who later became King William III of England.) The county colors, orange and blue, are also the colors of the House of Orange. Nassau County's county seat is Mineola.

Nassau and Suffolk counties together are generally referred to as "Long Island" by area residents — as distinct from the New York City boroughs of Queens (Queens County) and Brooklyn (Kings County), which physically make up the island's westernmost end.

In 2005, Forbes magazine named Nassau County, along with Suffolk County, as the safest region in the United States, with the lowest crime rate.

As of 2004, Nassau County is the second richest county per capita in the State of New York and the thirtieth richest in the nation, with a median household income of $78,762.[1]

Contents

History

Nassau County was originally the eastern 70% of Queens County, when New York was divided into 12 counties in 1683. The area was originally contained in two towns: Hempstead and Oyster Bay. During the American Revolutionary War, the town of Hempstead was split into two, when Patriots in the northern part formed the new Town of North Hempstead, leaving Loyalist majorities in the Town of Hempstead. Following the 1898 formation of the City of Greater New York, the part of Queens County that was not annexed to New York City, consisting of the two towns of North Hempstead and Oyster Bay and most of the town of Hempstead (excluded was the Rockaway Peninsula, which did join Greater New York), was constituted as the new Nassau County, but not until 1899, one year later. Several other names had been considered: Matinecock (note that a village in the county currently has that name), Norfolk, (presumably because of the proximity to Suffolk County), Bryant, and Sagamore, but Nassau had the historical advantage of having at one time been the name of Long Island itself.

The elegant, ivy-framed arched windows of the Belmont Park grandstand in this 1999 photo. The current grandstand, Thoroughbred racing's largest, was completed in 1968 after five years of renovations to the Belmont complex.

In 1910 (some sources state 1918), The Village of Glen Cove became a city and seceded from the Town of Oyster Bay.

In 1918, the Village of Long Beach was incorporated in the Town of Hempstead. In 1922, it became a city and seceded from the Town.

The United Nations Security Council was temporarily located in Nassau County from 1946 to 1951 -- at the Sperry Gyroscope headquarters in the village of Lake Success near the border with Queens County. It was here on June 27, 1950 that the Security Council voted to back U.S. President Harry S Truman and send a coalition of forces to the Korean Peninsula, thus kicking off the Korean War.

During the latter part of the 20th Century, Nassau County saw an influx of migrants from the five boroughs of New York City, especially Brooklyn and Queens, who left their urban dwellings for a more suburban setting. This led to a massive boom in population in the county, especially on the south shore. In 1947, William Levitt built his first planned community in Nassau County, in the Island Trees section (later renamed Levittown). (This should not be confused with the county's first planned community, in general, which is Garden City). In later decades, communities such as Wantagh, East Meadow, Massapequa, Massapequa Park, and Franklin Square began to grow. In 1995 Federal Judge Arthur Spatt declared the Nassau County Board of Supervisors unconstitutional and directed that a 19 member legislature be formed. Elections were held and Republicans won 13 seats and elected Bruce Blakeman as its first Presiding Officer(Speaker).

In the 1990s, Nassau County saw huge budget problems, forcing the county to near bankruptcy. The county government increased taxes to prevent a takeover by the state of New York. This has led to the county having notoriously high property taxes, leaving some migrants from New York City who are seeking suburban life to move to Suffolk County, the Hudson Valley, New Jersey, Connecticut or Pennsylvania.

In recent years Nassau County has recovered from its economic malaise of the 1990s. Since 2000, housing prices on Long Island have been the highest in the country. The economy has been booming and according to the United States Census Bureau, residents of Nassau County have among the highest per capita wealth in the country. Nassau County has also experienced heavy urbanization in many areas, such as Hempstead, Freeport, Mineola, and Westbury, leading some to say that some parts of the county resemble the outer boroughs of New York City rather than a suburb of it, though the Five Towns region tends to be more affluent than western Queens. The northern "Gold Coast" region tends to more closely resemble nearby Westchester County.

Law and Government

The head of the executive is the County Executive, a post created in Nassau County in 1938. The current county executive is Thomas Suozzi, a Democrat who was elected in 2001; he is the first Democratic county executive since Eugene Nickerson left office in 1970. The District Attorney is Democrat Kathleen Rice, who in November, 2005 defeated 30-year incumbent Republican Denis Dillon in an upset victory. The county comptroller is Howard Weitzman, a Democrat, the county clerk is Republican Maureen O'Connell, and the county assessor is Harvey Levinson, another Democrat.

Nassau County Executives
Name Party Term
J. Russell Sprague Republican 1938–1953
A. Holly Patterson Republican 1953–1962
Eugene Nickerson Democrat 1962–1970
Ralph G. Caso Republican 1970–1978
Francis T. Purcell Republican 1978–1987
Thomas Gulotta Republican 1987–2001
Thomas Suozzi Democrat 2001–Present

The county legislature has 19 members. There are ten Democrats, nine Republicans.

Nassau County Legislature
District Legislator Party
1 Kevan Abrahams Democrat
2 Roger Corbin Democrat
3 John Ciotti Republican
4 Denise Ford Republican
5 Joseph Scannell Democrat
6 Francis X. Becker, Jr. Republican
7 Jeffrey Toback Democrat
8 Vincent Muscarella Republican
9 Richard Nicolello Republican
10 Lisanne Altmann Democrat
11 Wayne Wink Democrat
12 Peter J. Schmitt, minority leader Republican
13 Norma L. Gonsalves Republican
14 Dave Mejias Democrat
15 Dennis Dunne, Sr. Republican
16 Judith Jacobs, presiding officer Democrat
17 Edward Mangano Republican
18 Diane Yatauro Democrat
19 David Denenberg Democrat

Law enforcement

Main article: Nassau County Police Department

County police services are provided by the Nassau County Police Department. The cities of Glen Cove and Long Beach, as well as a number of villages, such as Freeport, Garden City, Hempstead, Lake Success, Lynbrook, Rockville Centre, and Sands Point, are not members of the county police district and maintain their own police forces. The same goes for the villages and unincorporated areas of Port Washington, which belong to the Port Washington Police District, the only such district in New York State. These smaller forces, however, make use of such specialized county police services as the police academy and the aviation unit. Also, all homicides in the county are investigated by the county police, regardless of whether or not they occur within the police district.

In 2006, Village leaders in the county seat of Mineola expressed dissatisfaction with the level of police coverage provided by the county force and actively explored seceding from the police district and having the village form its own police force. A referendum on December 5, 2006, however, decisively defeated the proposal.[2]

Since the Long Island State Parkway Police was disbanded in 1980, all of Nassau County's state parkways have been patrolled by Troop L of the New York State Police. State parks in Nassau are patrolled by the New York State Park Police. In 1996, the Long Island Rail Road Police Department was consolidated into the Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police.

County correctional services and enforcement of court orders are provided by the Nassau County Sheriff's Department. New York State Court Officers provide security for courthouses.

Politics


Presidential elections results
Year GOP Dems
2004 46.6% 288,355 52.2% 323,070
2000 38.5% 226,954 57.9% 341,610
1996 36.1% 196,820 55.7% 303,587
1992 40.5% 246,881 46.4% 282,593
1988 57.0% 337,430 42.2% 250,130
1984 61.8% 392,017 38.0% 240,697
1980 56.0% 333,567 34.8% 207,602
1976 53.7% 329,176 47.6% 302,869
1972 63.3% 438,723 36.5% 252,831
1968 51.3% 329,792 43.3% 278,599
1964 39.4% 248,886 60.5% 382,590
1960 55.1% 324,255 44.8% 263,303
1956 69.0% 372,358 30.9% 166,646
1952 69.9% 305,900 29.8% 130,267
1948 70.1% 184,284 26.8% 70,492

Like its neighbor Suffolk County, the county was for many years politically controlled by the Republican Party. In the 1990s, it began to swing Democratic. Democrat Bill Clinton won the county in presidential elections of 1992 and 1996. Later Nassau voters gave a large margin of victory to Al Gore in 2000 (57.9% to 38.5%) but John Kerry won in 2004 by a slimmer margin (52.2% to 46.6%) : in that election, Kerry won the towns of Hempstead and North Hempstead , but lost the town of Oyster Bay.

Democratic strength is mainly concentrated in the central part of the county, near the Village of Hempstead and Uniondale, where there is a large African American and Hispanic population. Also, the wealthy northern half of the county, with the exception of parts of Manhasset, is heavily Democratic. This includes Great Neck, Glen Cove and Roslyn. There are also pockets of staunch Democrats in the Five Towns area in the southwest part of the county and in Long Beach.

Republicans are mainly concentrated in the more suburban areas of the county. The middle class southeastern portion of the county is heavily Republican and communities such as Massapequa, Seaford, Wantagh, Levittown, and Bethpage are the political base of Congressman Peter T. King. In the western portion of the county, wealthy Garden City is solidly Republican, as is the more middle-class community of Franklin Square.

The politically volatile areas of the county are in Farmingdale, East Meadow, Mineola, Oceanside and Rockville Centre.

Long Island's only Republican member of Congress, Representative Peter T. King is from Nassau County. His 3rd District includes heavily populated suburban neighborhoods like Long Beach, Massapequa, Levittown, Hicksville, Seaford, Wantagh, and Glen Cove. But Nassau County is also home to the popular gun-control advocate, Democrat Carolyn McCarthy, whose 4th District includes Garden City, Hempstead, Uniondale, East Meadow, Valley Stream and Rockville Centre. McCarthy defeated Republican congressman Dan Frisa in 1996 and has held on to her seat since. Nassau County's other two congressmen are both Democrats. Representative Gary Ackerman, represents the 5th District, which includes the northwestern part of the county, including Great Neck, Sands Point, and Port Washington, and stretches into northeastern Queens. Steve Israel's 2nd District is mainly in Suffolk County, but also includes parts of Plainview, Old Bethpage, Jericho, Syosset, and Woodbury in Nassau County.

All of Nassau County's state senators were Republicans until February 2007 when Nassau County Legislator Craig Johnson was elected to the State Senate in a special election in the 7th district. The GOP, however still has a State Senate advantage of 8-1 on the Democratic trending Long Island, which is largely the reason the state senate is still in GOP hands. The districts are drawn so as not to overlap Queens, which has a stronger lean toward the Democrats.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,173 km² (453 sq mi). 743 km² (287 sq mi) of it is land and 431 km² (166 sq mi) of it (36.72%) is water.

Nassau County occupies a portion of Long Island immediately east of New York City, in the southeastern portion of New York State. It is divided into

Adjacent Counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 1,334,544 people, 447,387 households, and 347,172 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,797/km² (4,655/sq mi). There were 458,151 housing units at an average density of 617/km² (1,598/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 79.30% White, 10.01% African American, 0.16% Native American, 4.73% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.57% from other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.09% of the population.

By 2005 Non-Hispanic Whites were 70.1% of Nassau County's population. African Americans were 11.3% of the population. Only 1% of the population reported more than one race though. Asians were up to 6.6% of the population, which means that even if all the people who had reported more than one race who switched to one race had switched to reporting themselves as Asian, there was a growth in the Asian population. The Latino population had grown slightly faster than the African-American population and now was 11.7% of the population.

Italian Americans make up a large portion of Nassau, and there are numerous Italian communities throughout the county. There is a large Sikh population in Nassau County which is evident by alot of Sikh Gurdwaras or temples, two main ones are the; one in Plainview and the other in Glen Cove. Other significant European descent groups include: 17.43% Irish, 13.20% German and 3.07% English.

According to the Census Bureau, the population of the county has slightly decreased to 1,333,137 people in 2005, althrough it had increased to 1,339,641 in 2004.

There were 447,387 households out of which 35.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.10% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.40% were non-families. 18.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $72,030, and the median income for a family was $81,246. Males had a median income of $52,340 versus $37,446 for females. The per capita income for the county was $32,151. About 3.50% of families and 5.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.80% of those under age 18 and 5.60% of those age 65 or over.

Colleges and universities

Nassau County is home to numerous colleges and universities, including Adelphi University, Molloy College, Briarcliffe College, New York Institute of Technology, SUNY Old Westbury, Nassau Community College, Hofstra University, C. W. Post Campus of Long Island University, and the United States Merchant Marine Academy.

Adjacent counties

County Symbols

Bird = Osprey

Nassau county official flower is viola pedata "Birdsfoot Violet"

References

See also

External links

Coordinates: 40°44′N 73°35′W / 40.73, -73.59


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Nassau County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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County names Nassau County, New York  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 New York  +
Short name Nassau County  +

This article uses material from the "Nassau County, New York" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. In 2000, it had 1,334,544 people living in it. It and Suffolk County are together referred to as Long Island. Along with Suffolk, it was named the safest county in the United States in 2005 by Forbes magazine.


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