From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Natalia Ginzburg née Levi
(July 14, 1916, Palermo —
October 7, 1991, Rome) was an Italian author whose work explored
family relationships, politics, and philosophy.
Born in Sicily, she spent
most of her youth in Turin. She
published her first story, I Bambini, in 1933 in the
magazine Solaria. In 1938, she married Leone Ginzburg,
and used the name Natalia Ginzburg (occasionally spelled
"Ginzberg") on most subsequent
publications. Her first novel, however, was published under the pseudonym Alessandra
Tornimparte in 1942, during Fascist Italy's most anti-semitic
Ginzburg's father, Giuseppe Levi, a named
Italian histologist, was born of a Jewish family. Her mother,
Livia Tanzi, was Catholic. She was raised as an atheist.
Although Ginzburg was able to live relatively free of harassment
during World War
II, her husband was forced to spend much of this period in a
village in Abruzzo.
Opponents of the Fascist regime, she and her husband secretly went
to Rome and edited an anti-Fascist newspaper, until Leone Ginzburg
was arrested and murdered in jail in 1944.
Ginzburg spent much of the 1940s working for the publisher Einaudi in Turin; her second
novel was published in 1947. In 1950, she married Gabriele Baldini,
a scholar of English literature. This was the
beginning of the most prolific period of Ginzburg's literary
career, during which she published most of the works for which she
is best known. Her second husband died in 1969.
She played the role Mary of Bethany in Pasolini's The Gospel
According to St. Matthew in 1964.
Natalia Ginzburg was politically involved throughout her life as
an activist and polemicist.
Like many prominent anti-Fascists, for a time she belonged to the
Italian Communist Party. She
was elected to the Italian
Parliament as an Independent in 1983.
Natalia and Leone Ginzburg were the parents of the distinguished
- La strada che va in città (1942)
- È stato così (1947; The Dry Heart 1949)
- Tutti i nostri ieri (1952; A Light for Fools
1956 and All our yesterdays)
- Valentino (1957)
- Sagittario (1957)
- Le voci della sera (1961; Voices in the
- Le piccole virtù (1962);The Little Virtues
- Lessico famigliare (1963; Family Sayings
- Mai devi domandarmi (1970; Never must you ask
- Caro Michele (1973)
- Vita immaginaria (1974)
- La famiglia Manzoni (1983)
- La città e la casa (1984; The City and the
- L'Inserzione (1969)
(translated to English as The Advertisement)