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Natchez may refer to:

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Natchez is a city near the southwest corner of the U.S. state of Mississippi. This historic town is perched on a high bluff above the Mississippi River 100 miles upriver from New Orleans. It was an important, wealthy city before the Civil War. That history gave it the South's grandest collection of antebellum homes.

One of the 19th century mansions seen on the walking or driving tours of old Natchez
One of the 19th century mansions seen on the walking or driving tours of old Natchez
  • From I-55/Brookhaven, MS - take U.S. Highway 84 approximately 60 miles west to Natchez.
  • From I-20/Vicksburg, MS - take U.S. Highway 61 approximately 70 miles south to Natchez.
  • From I-10/Baton Rouge, LA - take U.S. Highway 61 approximately 90 miles north to Natchez.
  • From I-49/Alexandria, LA - take LA Highway 28 approximately 35 miles east to U.S. Highway 84. Take U.S. Highway 84 approximately 40 miles east to Natchez.
  • Natchez Trace Parkway [1] - Natchez is the southern terminus of the Natchez Trace Parkway. The Parkway follows the old Natchez trace from Natchez to Nashville, TN. The trace originated as a footpath used by Native Americans and early explorers to travel across the region. The simple path was later improved upon by the U.S. government in the early part of the 19th century. The trace was the path used by traders to return home after delivering their goods to the ports in the south (Natchez and New Orleans). Today the Trace is administered by the National Park Service. There are many scenic and historic sights to see along the length of the Trace. A combination of low speed limits and no commercial traffic make for a very relaxing and enjoyable drive - popular with bicyclists, motorcyclists, and cars.
  • Visitor's Center is just on the Natchez side of the bridge over the Mississippi River just a couple minutes by car from the center of the old part of town. Free maps and vistor information, in addition to historical exhibitions and souvenirs for sale.
  • Natchez Under-the-Hill is, as the name suggests, under the bluff by the Mississippi River at the end of State St. It used to be a rootin' tootin', wild-wild-west kind of place complete with saloons and gunslinging. Unfortunately, later floods washed much of it away, but there is still a restaurant, an old-timey saloon, and a casino left.
  • Natchez Pilgrimage, 601-446-6631, [2] - Private homes are opened to the public for tours for 5 weeks during March and April and again for 2 weeks in September and October.
  • Historic Natchez Pageant [3] - Presented by over 200 local performers in elaborate costumes, the Historic Natchez Pageant recreates the romanticized eras of old. Monday, Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday evenings during the Spring Pilgrimage.
  • Antebellum Houses [4] - Natchez is famous for its many Antebellum houses that are open to the public for tours. Houses that are open for tours year round include Auburn, House on Ellicott Hill, Longwood, Magnolia Hall, Melrose, Monmouth, Rosalie, Stanton Hall, Briars, Dunleith, and The Towers. Tickets are available through the website or at the Natchez Visitors Center. Individual house - $10 for adults, $8 for children. Three house package - $24 for adults, $18 for children.
  • Longwood 140 Lower Woodville Rd - Longwood is probably the most famous of the antebellum mansions in Natchez. It is the largest octagonal (eight-sided) house in the United States. Construction of Longwood was started in 1860. When the Civil War broke out in 1861, all of the workers (who were from Pennsylvania) returned to the north, leaving the house unfinished. Dr. Haller Nutt, the owner of the house, finished out the basement (6000 sq feet) for his family to live in. Dr. Nutt died of pneumonia in 1864 without ever having finished the house, and the upper floors of the house remain unfinished to this day. The house was donated to the Pilgrimage Garden Club in the 1970's and is on tour daily.
  • Natchez in Historic Photographs, 405 State St, 601-442-2581 - A wonderful collection of historic photographs of Natchez people and places. The photographs were taken between 1870 and 1913 by Henry Norman. The collection is open to visitors Monday-Saturday 10am-4pm. Donations are accepted.
  • Walking tours and driving tours. The Natchez Vistors' Center gives free maps and pamphlets for doing driving or walking tours of the sights of the historic old section of town.
  • Southern Carriage Tours - Enjoy the luxury and charm of a horse-drawn carriage tour through the streets of Natchez' historic district. Your experienced tour guide will bring back the thrill and excitement of yesteryear as you enjoy some of the finest and most significant landmarks in antebellum Natchez. Tours depart from the Canal Street Depot. Tickets are also available at the Natchez Visitors Center. $15 for adults, $5 for children. The tour guides also point out restaurants and hotels.
  • Old South Winery, 65 S Concord Ave, 601-445-9924 [5] - Old South Winery locally produces 12 varieties of muscadine wine. The wines come in red, rose, and white varieties of varying sweetness. The winery is open for tours M-Sa 10AM-5PM.
  • Emerald Mound [6] - The second largest ceremonial Indian mound in North America, Emerald Mound was built by the Natchez Indians. Emerald Mound is located about 10 miles northeast of Natchez. Take the Natchez Trace Parkway to Route 553 and follow signs to the site. Open daily, free admission.
  • Great Mississippi River Balloon Race, [7]. Voted the best annual event in Mississippi by readers of Mississippi Magazine. The Balloon Race happens every year on the third weekend of October. Two flights take place each day, in addition to a "balloon glow" Friday night and great musical acts all weekend. The actual festival takes place on the grounds of Rosalie Mansion, and you can catch a great view of the balloons from many places around town. Make your reservations for a room early as this is a very busy weekend in Natchez.
  • Natchez Food & Wine Festival, [8]. Enjoy a weekend of good food and good drink in Natchez. Guest chefs of regional and national renown prepare four-course meals Saturday evening at several antebellum mansions around Natchez. Other events include a biscuit bake-off, beer tasting, bocce ball tournament, and brunch on Sunday to wrap up the weekend. Make reservations for Saturday evening early as seating is limited.
  • Angels on the Bluff, [9]. Each year, usually the first weekend in November, the Natchez City Cemetary offers guided tours. Guides direct groups from grave to grave where local actors, dressed in period costumes, tell stories about the lives and/or deaths of various people buried here. The exact times and dates vary from year to year, so be sure to check the website or call the Natchez Visitors Center.
  • Darby's Fudge, 410 Main St, 601-446-9737, [10] - This gift shop on Main Street has everything you could want and the best fudge around. Don't forget to stop in a get a pound. Many flavors available.
The startling novelty architecture of "Mammy's Cupboard" on Highway 61, south of town, is hard to miss.
The startling novelty architecture of "Mammy's Cupboard" on Highway 61, south of town, is hard to miss.
  • Breaud's 511 Main Street (601) 445-8502. Steaks, seafood, and New Orleans style cuisine.
  • The Carriage House, 401 High St, 601-445-5153, [11]. The Carriage House Restaurant at Stanton Hall is known for its delicious fried chicken and homemade buttered biscuits. Open for lunch 11am-2pm. Reservations recommended.
  • The Castle Restaurant, 84 Homochitto St, 601-446-8500, [12]. The Castle Restaurant is located in the carriage house on the grounds of Dunleith Plantation. Excellent food with a great wine list to compliment.
  • Fat Mama's Tamales, 500 S Canal St, 601-442-4548, [13]. Opened in 1989, Fat Mama's has become a local favorite, serving tamales, chili, Gringo Pie (tamales topped with chili and cheese), nachos, and Cajun boudin.
  • Magnolia Grill, 49 Silver St, 601-446-7670, [14]. Enjoy dinner with a great view of the Mississippi River from their glassed-in porch under the hill. Excellent burgers and sweet potato french fries are favorites on their menu.
  • Mammy's Cupboard, 555 Hwy 61 N. (about 5 miles south of town on Hwy 61), 601-445-8957. Another local favorite. Open for lunch and serving delicious sandwiches and homemade deserts. The novelty architecture alone is worth going for a look.
  • Pearl Street Pasta, Pearl Street just south of Main Street. Very good lunch & dinner items (mostly pasta based as the name suggests). Tel 601 442-9284
  • Andrew's Tavern, 325 Main St, 601-445-0702. A little bar on Main Street with a dart board and a juke box.
  • Bowie's Tavern, 100 Main St, 601-445-6627, [15]. A big screen TV and great beer selection make this 1840's cotton warehouse a great place to relax.
  • Fat Mama's Tamales, 500 S Canal St, 601-442-4548, [16]. Anyone in Natchez will tell you that Fat Mama's "Knock-You-Naked" Margaritas are the best around. Don't forget to stop in this funky little restaurant.
  • Under-the-Hill Saloon, 25 Silver St, 601-446-8023, [17]. An old-style saloon located under-the-hill with a great view of the Mississippi River.
  • Dunleith Plantation, 84 Homochitto St, 601-446-8500, [18]. Dunleith was built in 1856 after the original house on the site, Routhland, was struck by lightning and burned to the ground. Dunleith has rooms in the main house, wing, and dairy barn. Also, rooms are available in the Cotton Warehouse at the end of Main Street, overlooking the Mississippi River. Rates include a tour of the house and a full Southern breakfast at The Castle Restaurant.
  • Monmouth Plantation, 36 Melrose Ave, 601-442-5852, [19]. Originally built in 1818, Monmouth has been completely restored to its original grandeur. Monmouth has 30 rooms and suites both in the mansion and eight outbuildings. Rooms include a complimentary Southern breakfast.
  • Natchez Eola Hotel, 110 Pearl St, 601-445-6000, [20]. Built in 1927 in the heart of downtown Natchez, the Natchez Eola Hotel offers its guests the ambiance and charm of the Old South with the convenience of modern amenities.
  • Country Inn & Suites, 111 Broadway St, 601-446-9994, [21]. Opened in March 2008, Country Inn & Suites is conveniently located in downtown Natchez, just across Canal St from the Natchez Convention Center.
  • Hampton Inn & Suites, 627 S Canal St, 601-446-6770, [22]. Opened in December 2007, Hampton Inn & Suites is located near the south end of Canal Street across from the Natchez Visitors Center.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

NATCHEZ, a city and the county-seat of Adams county, Mississippi, U.S.A., on the Mississippi river, about 100 m. S.W. of Jackson. Pop. (1890) 10,101, (1900) 12,210, of whom 7090 were negroes, (1906 estimate) 13,476. It is served by the Yazoo & Mississippi Valley, the St Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern, the New Orleans & North-Western and the Mississippi Central railways, and by steamboats on the Mississippi river. The city, which has an area of 2.19 sq. m., is mostly on a bluff that rises 200 ft. above the river, the wharfs and landings, and a few old buildings being the only reminders of what was before the Civil War the principal business section. Among the city's institutions are the Fisk Public Library, a charity hospital, two sanatoriums, three orphan asylums, Stanton College for girls (non-sectarian; opened in 1894 and lodged in the old Fisk mansion), St Joseph's College for girls, the Jefferson Military College (1802), 6 m. from the city, and Natchez College for negroes. The city has four public parks, three on the river front, and one, Memorial Park, in honour of Confederate dead, in the heart of the city. On a neighbouring bluff is a national cemetery. Just outside the city limits, at Gloster, the former estate of Winthrop Sargent, first governor of the Territory of Mississippi, are the graves of Sargent and S. S. Prentiss, who lived in Natchez for some years. In and near the city are many handsome old residences typical of ante-bellum Natchez, among them being: Monmouth, General Quitman's estate; Somerset and Oakland, long in the Chotard family; and The Briars, the home during girlhood of Varina Howell, the wife of Jefferson Davis. A Roman Catholic cathedral (1841), Trinity Protestant Episcopal Church (1825) and a Presbyterian church (1829) are the principal church buildings. The Prentiss and the Elk are the leading clubs. Mardi Gras is annually celebrated. The leading industries are the shipment of cotton (70,000 to 90,000 bales are handled annually) and the manufacture of cottonseed oil and cake - the first cottonseed-oil mill in the country was built here in 1834 - cotton goods, rope and yarns, lumber, brick, drugs and ice. Natchez was the first city in the state to own municipal water-works and sewage system.

The city was named from the Natchez Indians who lived on its site when the country was first settled. In 1716 on the bluff Le Moyne de Bienville built Fort Rosalie for the protection of some French warehouses, and later the French demanded a neighbouring hill for another settlement. This offended the Natchez, and on the 28th of November 1729 they massacred the French and destroyed the fort, which was immediately rebuilt, and in 1764 was handed over to the English in accordance with the treaty of Paris, and became Fort Panmure; in 1779 it was turned over to the Spanish, who held it until 1798, when they withdrew and United States troops occupied the place. Under Spanish rule Natchez was the seat of government of a large district, and from 1798 to 1802 and from 1817 to 1821 it was the capital of Mississippi. It was chartered as a city in 1803. On the 7th of May 1840 a large part of the city was destroyed by a tornado, but it was rebuilt, and at the outbreak of the Civil War was a place of considerable wealth and culture. For several years it was the home of General John Anthony Quitman (1799-1858). Natchez surrendered to Union forces during the Vicksburg campaigns, first on the 12th of May 1862, and again on the 13th of July 1863. On the 2nd of September 1862 the Union iron-clad "Essex," commanded by William David Porter, bombarded the city and put an end to the commercial importance of the river front section.

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