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Nathan Deal

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 9th district
Assumed office 
January 3, 2007
Preceded by Charlie Norwood
In office
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2003
Preceded by Ed Jenkins
Succeeded by Charlie Norwood

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 10th district
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
Preceded by Charlie Norwood
Succeeded by Charlie Norwood

Born August 25, 1942 (1942-08-25) (age 67)
Millen, Georgia
Political party Democratic (1993-95)
Republican (1995-present)
Spouse(s) Sandra Dunagan
Residence Clermont, Georgia
Alma mater Mercer University
Walter F. George School of Law
Occupation Attorney
Religion Baptist
Military service
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1966-1968

John Nathan Deal (born August 25, 1942) is an American politician, a member of the Republican Party, a conservative, a birther, and has been a member of the United States House of Representatives since 1993, currently representing the 9th congressional district of Georgia. The district, which included most of the former 10th District from 2003 to 2005, includes most of the north Georgia mountains. It runs along the border with Tennessee from Dade County to Union County, and extends southward to the fringes of the Atlanta metropolitan area.

Deal is a candidate for the Republican nomination for Governor of Georgia to succeed term-limited Sonny Perdue in 2010.[1]


Early life and education

Deal was born in Millen, Georgia, educated at Mercer University and Walter F. George School of Law in Macon, Georgia and served in the United States Army.

Career before Congress

After leaving the U.S. Army, Deal worked as a lawyer, assistant district attorney, and judge. He was a member of the Georgia Senate from 1981 to 1993, serving as president pro tempore in his last term.

U.S. Congress


Deal, first elected in November 1992 as a Democrat, switched to the Republicans in April 1995, four months into his second term, after stating that he felt uncomfortable being the most conservative Democrat in the Georgia delegation. He'd been rumored to be considering a party switch since the Republicans won control of Congress after the 1994 elections. With Deal's party switch, no white Democrats represented Georgia in the House until the election of Jim Marshall in 2002.

Deal won his first full term as a Republican in 1996 by a large margin, although his Democratic opponent, McCracken Poston, was endorsed by Deal's predecessor, popular eight-term Democrat Ed Jenkins. It was the first time his district had elected a Republican for a full term since Reconstruction. Deal was unopposed for reelection in 1998, 2002 and 2004 and defeated an underfunded Democrat in 2000.

In November 2006, Deal was re-elected 77%-23%. His Democratic opponent was John Bradbury, a former elementary school teacher turned truck driver. Deal was heavily favored, especially since a mid-decade redistricting made his district even more Republican by extending it farther into the northern fringes of the Atlanta area. Deal was reelected almost as easily in 2008. With a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+28, his district is now the most Republican district in the Eastern Time Zone, and tied for the third-most Republican district in the nation.

Political positions and actions

Deal's voting record was relatively moderate in his first term, getting ratings in the 60s from the American Conservative Union. However, he moved sharply to the right after his party switch. He voted for all four articles of impeachment against Bill Clinton, and has consistently garnered ratings of 90 or higher from the ACU since 1996.

As an immigration reform advocate he has introduced such reform legislation as H.R. 698, the Citizenship Reform Act, which would eliminate birthright citizenship in the U.S. The 14th Amendment begins "All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States...." Deal's argument is that illegal aliens (and their children) are not subject to U.S. jurisdiction.[2] In October 2009, while talking about his role in legislation requiring proof of citizenship for federal and state medical care, at a meeting of the Cherokee County GOP, Deal said "We got all the complaints of the ghetto grandmothers who didn't have birth certificates and all that." Two days later he issued a statement saying "I regret my choice of words and in no way meant to offend anyone."[3]


Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW) lists Deal as one of the 15 most corrupt members of Congress, for trying to influence officials for personal gain.[4] According to the The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Deal "personally intervened with Georgia leaders to preserve an obscure state program that earns his company nearly $300,000 a year."[5]

Committee assignments

Electoral history

Georgia's 9th congressional district: Results 1992–2000, 2006–2008;
Georgia's 10th congressional district: Results 2002–2004[6]
Year District Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct
1992 9th Nathan Deal 113,024 59% Daniel Becker 77,919 41%
1994 9th Nathan Deal 79,145 58% Robert L. Castello 57,568 42%
1996 9th McCracken "Ken" Poston 69,662 34% Nathan Deal 132,532 66%
1998 9th (no candidate) Nathan Deal 122,713 100%
2000 9th James Harrington 60,360 25% Nathan Deal 183,171 75%
2002 10th (no candidate) Nathan Deal 129,242 100%
2004 10th (no candidate) Nathan Deal 219,136 100%
2006 9th John D. Bradbury 39,240 23% Nathan Deal 128,685 77%
2008 9th Jeff Scott 70,401 25% Nathan Deal 216,925 75%


External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Edgar L. Jenkins
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 9th congressional district

January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2003
Succeeded by
Charlie Norwood
Preceded by
Charlie Norwood
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 10th congressional district

January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
Succeeded by
Charlie Norwood
Preceded by
Charlie Norwood
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 9th congressional district

January 3, 2007 – present

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