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Nathan Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild: Wikis


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Lord Rothschild
Born Nathan Mayer Rothschild
8 November 1840(1840-11-08)
Died 31 March 1915 (aged 74)
Education Trinity College, Cambridge
Predecessor none
Successor Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild
Spouse(s) Emma Louise von Rothschild (m. 1867) «start: (1867-04-16)»"Marriage: Emma Louise von Rothschild to Nathan Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild" Location:Frankfurt, Germany (linkback:,_1st_Baron_Rothschild)
Children Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild
Charlotte Rothschild-Behrens
Charles Rothschild
Parents Lionel de Rothschild
Charlotte von Rothschild
Relatives Nathan Mayer Rothschild, grandfather
Mayer Amschel Rothschild, greatgrandfather

Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild (8 November 1840 – 31 March 1915) was a British banker and politician from the international Rothschild financial dynasty.


Life and family

Known as "Natty", he was the son of Lionel de Rothschild (1808-1879) and Charlotte Rothschild (née von Rothschild), grandson of Nathan Mayer Rothschild after whom he was named, and the great-grandson of Mayer Amschel Rothschild founder of the dynasty.

He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge,[1] where he was a friend of the Prince of Wales, but left without taking a degree.

On 16 April 1867 he married Emma Louise von Rothschild (1844-1935), a cousin from the Rothschild banking family of Germany in Frankfurt. They had the following children:

Baron and first unconverted Jewish member of House of Lords

In 1847, his uncle Anthony Nathan de Rothschild (1810-1876) was created 1st Baronet de Rothschild, of Tring Park. Because Anthony had no male heirs, on his death the baronetcy passed to his nephew Nathan Mayer Rothschild. He was subsequently elevated to the House of Lords and created Baron Rothschild in 1885 with which title the baronetcy remains merged.

The peerage was inherited by his son Walter (Lionel Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild).

He was the first Jewish member of the House of Lords. (Benjamin Disraeli had been created Lord Beaconsfield nine years earlier in 1876, but though he had Jewish heritage, was a convert to Anglicanism.)


He worked as a partner in the London branch of the family bank NM Rothschild and Sons and became head of the bank after his father's death in 1879. During his tenure he also maintained its pre-eminent position in private venture finance and in issuing loans to the governments of the USA, Russia and Austria. Following the Rothschild's funding of the Suez Canal a close relationship was maintained with Benjamin Disraeli and affairs in Egypt.

Natty also funded Cecil Rhodes in the development of the British South Africa Company and the De Beers diamond conglomerate. He administered Rhodes's estate after his death in 1902 and helped to set up the Rhodes Scholarship scheme at Oxford University.


He died on 31 March 1915.

See also


  • Joseph Valynseele & Henri-Claude Mars, Le Sang des Rothschild, L’Intermédiaire des Chercheurs et Curieux, Paris.
  • See also the list of references at Rothschild banking family of England
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thomas Tyringham Bernard
Samuel George Smith
Member of Parliament for Aylesbury
2-seat constituency until 1885

With: Samuel George Smith 1865–1880
George William Erskine Russell 1880–1885
Succeeded by
Ferdinand James von Rothschild
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire
1889 – 1915
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Lincolnshire
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Rothschild
1885 – 1915
Succeeded by
Walter Rothschild
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Anthony Nathan de Rothschild
(of Tring Park)
1876 – 1915
Succeeded by
Walter Rothschild


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