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Nathan Sanford

Nathan Sanford (November 5, 1777 Bridgehampton, Suffolk County, New York - October 17, 1838 Flushing, Queens County, New York) was an American politician.


He was the son of Thomas Sanford and Phebe Sanford, née Baker. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1799, and commenced practice in New York City.

In 1803 he succeeded Edward Livingston as United States Attorney for the District of New York.

He was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1808-1809 and 1811. In 1811, he was elected Speaker on January 29, but could not attend the session after February 10 because of ill health. The Assembly moved to elect a new Speaker and proceeded to the election of William Ross.[1] He was a member of the New York State Senate (Southern District) from 1812 to 1815.

In 1815, he was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1815, to March 3, 1821. He was Chairman of the Committee on Commerce and Manufactures (15th and 16th United States Congresses), and a member of the Committee on Naval Affairs (15th Congress) and the Committee on Finance (16th Congress). In 1821, he ran for re-election as a Clintonian, but was defeated by Bucktail Martin Van Buren.

He was a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Convention in 1821, and was Chancellor of New York from 1823 to 1826. In 1824, he received 30 electoral votes for U.S. Vice President.

In 1826, he resigned the chancellorship after his nomination in caucus, and was elected again to the U.S. Senate. He took his seat on January 31, 1826, and served until March 3, 1831. He was Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations (19th United States Congress]]). Afterwards he resumed the practice of law in Flushing, New York.


Political offices
Preceded by
William North
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
Succeeded by
William Ross
United States Senate
Preceded by
Obadiah German
United States Senator (Class 1) from New York
1815 - 1821
Served alongside: Rufus King
Succeeded by
Martin Van Buren
Preceded by
John W. Eppes
Chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Finance
1819 - 1821
Succeeded by
John Holmes
Legal offices
Preceded by
James Kent
Chancellor of New York
1823 - 1826
Succeeded by
Samuel Jones
United States Senate
Preceded by
Rufus King
United States Senator (Class 3) from New York
1826 - 1831
Served alongside: Martin Van Buren, Charles E. Dudley
Succeeded by
William L. Marcy


  1. ^ [1] Speaker election result


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