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National Bank of Romania
Banca Naţională a României (Romanian)
BNR New Palace(on Doamnei Street) logo
BNR New Palace
(on Doamnei Street)
logo
Headquarters Bucharest
Established April 1880
Governor Mugur Isărescu
Central Bank of Romania
Currency Romanian leu
ISO 4217 Code RON
Reserves 29,520.1 million € (October 2008)
Website www.bnr.ro

The National Bank of Romania (Romanian: Banca Naţională a României, BNR) is the central bank of Romania and was established in April 1880. It is located in the capital city, Bucharest. The bank's first governor was Eugeniu Carada; the present governor is Mugur Isărescu.

Contents

History

In 1916, in the wake of the Central Powers' invasion, the valuables of the National Bank of Romania, together with many other valuables (the Romanian Treasure) were sent to Moscow for safekeeping, but were never returned (except for the Pietroasele treasure - now on display at the National Museum of Romanian History, the numismatic collection of the National Bank, some paintings and archives).

On July 28, 1959, an armed group of six members of the Romanian Communist Party apparatus (the Ioanid Gang: Alexandru Ioanid, Paul Ioanid, Igor Sevianu, Monica Sevianu, Saşa Muşat and Haralambie Obedeanu) stole from an armored car of the National Bank of Romania 1,600,000 lei (about 250,000 U.S. dollars at 1959 prices). It was probably the most scandalous bank robbery in the Eastern bloc.

Architecture

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The Old NBR Palace

The Headquarters of the National Bank of Romania in the 1920s (Lipscani Street)

The head office of the National Bank of Romania with the view of Lipscani Street is one of the most imposing and massive bank edifices in Romania, nowadays a historic, art monument, and protected as such. It was erected on the former site of the inn built by Şerban Cantacuzino (1678-1688).

On 26 February 1882, architects Cassien Bernard and Albert Galleron were assigned the task to blueprint the NBR Palace. The construction of the building in the eclectic style of the late 19th century, with some neo-classical elements, proceeded between 12 July 1884 (when the foundation stone was laid) and June 1890 under the direction of the architect engineer Nicolae Cerchez assisted by architect E. Băicoianu.

The New NBR Palace

With the façade on Doamnei Street, the new wing of the NBR Palace was built during World War II, after having laid the foundation stone back in 1937.

The construction works carried on between 1942-44 under the direction of architect Ion Davidescu assisted by two other architects, Radu Dudescu and N. Creţoiu.

The building is emblematic of the neo-classical style with rationalist influences that prevailed in the interwar period. It impresses by the monumental granite stairs, the huge Corinthian columns forming the façade, and the large, white marble-coated halls inside the building.

Responsibilities

The main tasks of the National Bank of Romania are the following:

  1. to define and implement the monetary policy and the exchange rate policy;
  2. to conduct the authorisation, regulation and prudential supervision of credit institutions and to promote and oversee the smooth operation of the payment systems with a view to ensuring financial stability;
  3. to issue banknotes and coins as legal tender on the territory of Romania;
  4. to set the exchange rate regime and to supervise its observance;
  5. to manage the official reserves of Romania.

See also

External links

Coordinates: 44°25′57.34″N 26°5′57.83″E / 44.4325944°N 26.0993972°E / 44.4325944; 26.0993972


Simple English

The National Bank of Romania (Romanian: Banca Naţională a României, BNR) is the central bank of Romania and started in April 1880. It is found in the capital city, Bucharest. The bank's first governor was Eugeniu Carada; the present governor is Mugur Isărescu.

Contents

History

Scandal

In 1916, the Central Powers invaded Romania and all valuable objects of the National Bank of Romania and the Romanian Treasure were sent to Moscow for safekeeping. They were never returned.[needs proof]

Robbery

On July 28, 1959, an armed group of six members of the Romanian Communist Party stole from an armored car of the National Bank of Romania 1,600,000 lei (about US$250,000 at 1959 prices). It was probably the most scandalous bank robbery in the Eastern bloc.

Responsibilities

The main tasks of the National Bank of Romania are:

  1. to control the supply of money and its exchange with other currencies
  2. to control banks and make sure the economy is stable
  3. to make money
  4. to control how much money goes in and out of Romania

Other websites

Coordinates: 44°25′57.34″N, 26°5′57.83″E


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